The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 8, 1946 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, March 8, 1946
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Page 9
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FU1DAY, MAHC11 8, Von Papen Tells Of Peace Effort Contacted U. S. Naval Attache In Violation Of Hitler's Orders f BY WALTER CRONKITE i United Press Staff Correspondent NUERNBERG. Mar. 7 (up'_ Baron Franz Von Papen'told the war crimes tribunal todny that lie ma<ic secret peace feelers in 1942 lo George Earle, American Naval Adolf Hitler's orders. " Papen a )so claimed In a brief filed wilh the court that he made a second peace attempt in 194'' .seekinsr mediation ciforls throiiEli the Vatican. Earle. former governor of Pennsylvania and late,- American min- fcter (o fiofla, was Cached to the- American.embassy In Turkey while i apen was Germany's wartime ambassador ta that country Papcn asked permission to call ns a defense witness Kurt Preilicrn von Ijersner, German president ol tiic Orient League j n Ankara when i apen was ambassador Papen claimed also that in 1S42 lie arranged for Lcrsner to visit Hie Vatican and seek mediation cf- !"»?, . b5 L.. C r ardnial Magllonc. then °f slnte, and Bishop BLYTHEVILLB COURIER NEWS Lcrsner also could testify tile ambassador . claimed, that Papcn submitted a memorandum to Hitler in. May. 1939, stating that any war "Hist be regarded ns lost from the outset, because Turkey hart joined the coalition of Germany's poten- tiHK enemies, making th c British position in the middle east unassailable. Papen stated thai he nLteinpted lo organize a right-wing coalition to prevent Hitler from gaining overwhelming power. H c said thai the order issued to him in 1933 to form a government under Hit- Ice was oii President Paul Von Hiu- dcnbcrg's initiative. Papen asked 14 deteiis e witnesses including Admiral Nicholas Horthy, former Regent of Hungary. He ask- erl permission to request an affidavit from King Gustnv ol Swede,, to show that Papen opposed German aggression. Von Papen, Hitler's former diplomatic "trouble-shooter," said he need the affidavit lo confirm that In 1934 he asked Gustav, 87-year king who has ruled Sweden since 1907, to warn Hitler of the dangers of an anti-Jewish policy. Tlie prosecution raised no objection to t the request for. submitting a questionaire to Gustav, HKD 11 y DISK Ciu* Finds Something WV KUKD HAKMAN > . . _ Restive Germans Receive Warning 10 Communists Held; U. S. Commander Says He Can Crock Down HEHUN, Mm-ch 8. <U.I>)—The arrest of « B roup of Influential German CoiniminlsU accused of "•yiiuj U> creiilf a sort or esplonnm- £ „"".." )e .American oecUllon '•ACE8BVEK Eggs Give Meat A Night Out < No. 1 Finn Out Group May Recommend Hard ing's Successor PAYETTEVILLE, Ark., March 8 . >-lU.?.WTh9.,.Uni.verstty -of Arkansas board of trustees probably Vill appoint a faculty group to recommend a new president for the university when It meets in Little Rock Mar. 15, Board chairman t Herbert Thomas said Thursday. f Dr. A. ,M. Harding's resignation as head of the university becomes effective June 1, ' Thomas suggested that any committee appointed make a nationwide search for a new university president. He denied rumors that, names of five-unofficial candidates were already before the board. Former Slave.Dies i LITTLE ROCK, Mar. 7. (UP)—] Funeral services were planned today for the Rev. James Phillips, retired Negro Baptist preacher and former slave, who died at thc ace of 103. Phillips, who was never ill un- lil two days before his death, never drank intoxicating liquor but smoked n pipe almost -continuously, a daughter said. Marshal Curl Guslav von Man- ' nerheim,^ president and long- ' time "strong man" of Finland, has resigned. Seventy-nine years : old, he lias been in failing • health. : Expert.Visions Atomic Bomb Of Far More Power WASHINGTON, ,M(ir. 7. (UP)— A single atomic bomb as destructive as 1.000.000 ten-ton blockbusters is now possible, according tn Dr. Edward u. Condon, director of the National Bureau of Standards. This would be 1.000 times more powerful than th c bombs used against Japan and to be used in the forthcoming Navy lests. And it also is possible, Condon believes, that other nations some day may turn out atom bombs bigger and better than ours. For these reasons, Condon told the science talent .institute last- night, this country .should work to avert an atomic armaments race. Specifically,- it should welcome Russians scientists "to our'labora- tories as they have welcomed ours lo..-theirs,,.j..nd.,exleud?the base of scientific 'cooperation with this great people." Condon .called for cmanclpalion of science from military control, for dissipation of international distrust, and for "A iinilcd mankind using its intelligence cooperatively for the good of all." The alternative to such cooperation, he said, "is destructiveuess thousands of times greater than ever, before:" Asserting that thc missiles used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were "old-fashioned, one hoss shay bombs," Condon added: "Bombs 1,000 times more powerful than those already used arc capable of being made in lhe near future." Atomic Power Raises Specter Of 'One-Minute' Wtir In Future CHICAGO, Mar. 7. (UP)—On i two kilociaim Aug. 0. IMS. a single bomb, drop . KllORinms on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, and reported to explode at a height of 1.000-1,500 feet, totally demolished some fpur or more square miles or that city. Structures 10 miles from the center of lhc blast were reported leveled. Sixty thousand persons were killed outright or In consequence of the explosion, 150,000 more were casualties. Thus wire the "atom bomb," which official reports claim lo carry the power of some 20,00 loivs of TNT. Introduced to * dssed world. A single bomb .accomplished the work of 2.000 Superfortresses. c«r- rying 10 tons of bombs each! A .second bomb, dropped a few days later. under similar circumstances, at Nagasaki, was reported to b e » n "Improved" model. already making lhe first bomb used obso- lele. Even though the terram was less farovuble than at Hiroshima, the damage was . more severe. 10-Ton Bomb foretMt Wllh the dust hardiv aettted on Hiroshima slid NnqaKaVi, Prof. Oll- phimt of England, who shared in the development . of the . atomic bomb, predicted that -10-ton bombs were a practical . possibility the equivalent of 10,000,000 Ions of TNT ill a single 10-ton parcel of destruction, phant, according to Dr Oll- CAMP GRANT. III. (U.P.)—May- bo most soldiers begrudge an extra day spent in uniform, but Col. Enrl G. Gcbhardt, camp dental surgeon, disclosed that five per cent of the men passing through Camp Grant for discharge chose to remain a few extra days or weeks to complete dental work before returning to civil life. We have said that thc effects of the first atom bomb were like those of a 2,000-plan e Superfort raid. This is probably, an underestimation of the damage done, because in the absence of direct hits, thc usual sort of TNT bomb may do astonishingly little damage, wit the atom bomb, it may be expecte that a radius of five to 10 miles o effective damage may be achieved within a minimum radius of two t three miles, destruction will be ab salute. It li clear, therefore, tha a single projectile may serve th purpose of .a raid:by thousands o planes, and perhaps even more sue cesslully. Tills changes the natur Of warfare immeasurably. At t the close 'of the Europea phase of this past world war. th Germans po-««ssed a rocket-bomb the V-2; which was used at a rang of over 200 miles. It carried a one ton warhead. The unused. "V-4 rocket, or rockets of our own, o which we have been told, bu which have not seen action, woul have ranges of 1,000 and pcrhapt, several thousand miles. It Is thu clear that through such rockets, o thron^h robotrcontrolled airplanes or television-controlled missiles o planes, attacks can be made'With atomic explosive from such dis lances that the s(te of origin need not be known. Furthermore, such missiles as stratosphere rocket- caiinol be detected much before their impact, so that none of thc normal detection methods nor those radar mechanisms developed during thc war would be useful. Box Can Hold Bomb But missiles from above do not constitute thc sole method of warfare with atomic explosives. The Smyth Report on wartime atomic- energy development indicates that — T,...,,,a pounds) lo 100 ((wo-and-«-flflh kilograms Is the The CABARET STYLE DANCE Scheduled for Saturday, March 9, Sponsored by the BLYTHEVILLE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE has been POSTPONED To a later date due to a regulation of the American Federation of Musicians, which prohibits an orchestra from playing in the immediate vicinity within five days after terminating a contract. The new date will be announced later. s range of thc "critical mass"— thc amount or uranlum-'J35 or phito- nlum-239 material needed lo give HII explosion, u wr take 50 kilograms (about 110 pounds) BK a fnlr value, we see that a dunk o r box Is sufficiently large to house a mechanism which may destroy "lost of a city. Sent or carried Into a city, left ln. n wnrchourse, basement. or baggage room, either 11 time mechanism or a radio device could b c used to set it off when desired. Traceles* Aficre^on The picture of the next war thus becomes one of surprise, of sudden and unnimoiinceri aggression, of un "anonymous wnv," In which 'the aggressor leaves no (races, mobilizes no armies, proclaims no hos- , tilities. A city explode one nighl, nnolher the next, In one night, a flight, O l rockets may'; 1 by demolishing 20 cities, kill 40 million ol our population, destroy over 95 per cent of our Industrial ,'po- lenllnl. T^iis is the "one-ininulc" war Of the future. This Is the Jwni thai will be hnnglne .over !thc heads of thc nations ol the world „ . . • „ - — when all have ,x,s S essed them-1« . T^[ Sm , .. J**!** . »'.,.A" Australians •Execute /3 Jap War Criminals I'ANIJKIIHA, Afllroll. 8 (U.I'.)_ Aiislrnllnii rlriiiK stiuads executed I. (-onyicled JnpaiiKse.wBr crlm- nias Wednesday on^Morotal j s i•mil. Ociiuly Prime'Minister F. p. rorac nnnounercl Thursday. ihh WHS tlir first mass-cxccu- llon of crlmliinls sentenced to )i«lKment, Altogether iiuvp. been tried military, courl.s. by Japnnesn AiiislnillHii '•'Ills is lhe next win- In » world Hi which no inlcrtmUoiml control exists over atomic explosives. •Jules Verne's Imaginalton may liave been inadequate lo picture •Mich ,i situation. Publisher* of s dealing with aiim/lns Pseudo-scientific (icllon may havo rtecldofl thnt such a .situation might seem slightly 1 farfetched l.o even llieir most Inveterate readers. But hundreds of sober, .serious-minded scientists, in terms of th e coldest "Bic. based upon their ixwlllvc knowledge of technical advances, earnestly point out (o th e public that such Is the best and nioKt triilhlul picture of the f|iture,that can be given »t this time. picture is not iirojectcd •« century or even half a century into the future; it Is a possibility five ycnrs from now, « certainty in '16. It does not depend ii|xjn release »' selves of atomic explosive and sit in fear and trembling, wondering when their neighbor—or n country on tlie opposite side of the globe- may press lh c fateful key. Tills is the war that will be set off In frenzy of self-protective fear by n nation which finally decides that It cannot watt until others act. . • alomlc bomb It. was inexorably de- Icruilncrl Aug. fi, IMS, when fflror. shlmii dlsnppcwrcd in a column 'of smoke and dust. - • Pain Tulunc's will, .which estfib- llshcd Tulanc University In New Oilcans, forbids any campus -activity on Sunday. , ,. f'. Kowlcy, U. . ry. novunior in Berlin nn- nouneed thii 1 arrest of UK, o. ril Communists. At Uws wi mo tl me sounded a crypt lu warnlnu to restive dermaim. . "Some Cicrmans have a mh- Ukcu notion lh»t th« Americin. «ro solng lo teuv« ,»iroi>« BOOII and arc Kcttltig bold" Howlev said. "We .have plenty of troop' and Inlelliiii'iia' operatives (o handle any sHiuitloii " _ Howlcy. said 10 lcnrtlii K owninn Coiu.nunlsl.s were <»keu Into ciislody by i|,,, Atnericnnfi. Tlicj Incluiieri one prominent boroiuih party lender. 8 Kiisslan- milhorlllc.s, .icllnt; on U. S. Insistence, he said, "removed mid iireslsd" cinotlier nromlitcnl coimuiist-Knrl iKictilnln, clmlrnuui (if the n«rlln "VlciJins of nwcisnY' commute*. ; The 10 iirresleO bv the Ainer- icmis, Hem-Icy reported, probnbly will be put on: trim before B U. S MllltBiy poveriiincnl court within two weeks,. j One of ili(, most uromlnenl of the iirrested eommunlsls was Ocr- hiird jurr, party leader of Sc.wn- lierp BbrouBh. He was churned with ordering another communist, Wllhclnv Kammonneler, lo pro curd and; supply Informnllon on Aiiierlcniv military • Kovcrnincnt ucllvltlca, Howlcy Mild. ; Jiirr, whn dislrlmilcd clrciilurK Indicating 1 he was 'trying' lo cir- ciinivont. thi- mllUttvy Kovemment, also'tried lo Influence the mipolnt- theiil- of locnl aerniBn B<»'cni- mcnt o/ficlnls, KBmmermeler hcncl- «d the Cienniui tcnlr«) offliie hi charge of b'orouiih siib-dlslrlcls. Tim MncBRc of mules In lhc United Slates IIHS been recorded fi>r breeding purposes' only since 1888, • i Big, Restful, Spring-Filled PLATFORM ROCKERS Beautifully Tailored in Long Lotting Covers . . . , Your Choice of Colors! There's nothing like a hig. luxurious, Spring filled Halfm-m llockcr for reeal comfori. Just come in, and sec thc difference. They're modestly priced too. Here Tfcey Are . . . Post-war — 2-Piece Living room Suites With Springs! 1 They're Designed in Four Wonderful Ways ..•'•. * BEAUTY in the rich Mohair, Vclour and Tapes)rf Covers! . COMFORT in (heir dwp spring-filled construction! ' QUALITY in the fine materials Used! * CRAFTSMANSHIP in the way they are, made! •'' Come in and sec these beautiful New Suits 2-picccs—sofa ami- matching loungo chair amply proportioned .. ..-.. Thc deep resilient coil springs are encased m durable hardwood-frames ..' and they are covered wilh heavy long wearing covers in your choice of colors. Prices Start From $159.95 USE OUR EASY TERMS FOR YOUR PURCHASE WADE FURNITURE CO. BY When meat In source, 'or your upiwtlle calls for a chance u»e I'm. They are us good a source of Protein as meat. (S«r»e* 4) Six hnrd-coolced silted eggn, I «ip bread crumbs, 3 t»ble»poons nu'Hi'd butter, Hi tablespoon* butler. Hi lablo.sixxms flour, 1 cup milk. '/, teasixioii wilt, >,(, teupoon imprlkn, I teaspoon Worcestershire siuicc, ',i cup united sharp cheese l>icpni<r a wuc( . of IV{ uble . KIHWIIS butler, Hour, milk and «m- Konlngs, Arrange in (jrea.ied casserole In layers; half tlie crumbs, onus, cheese Hint nance. Top with .remaining crumbs mixed with } tablespoons bulter. Bake In a moderately hoi oven (37G degrees P) until sauce is bubbly and top nicely browned, about « minutes. Servs plain, or with tomato sauce Baked Ntuffrd K«I,« mn j f^ (Serve* S) Ten hard-cooked euijs, 2 cups cooked fish (any canned fish may boused), l (Rblespoon melted but 3 r»w e«* yaUm, l cup**, off both endi and^SU* yolk* from rounded end, yoUu, ind pice* oj ,„ , were cut off flue. Add n tor, 1 rav «n folk, ley, ult, pepper, mad •our cream to* «11 Www M neap in egg white "itou*" Phu *M3 In greued shallow baktaf dls Mix remaining two r»w en • ~ " | »nd »our cnmm, Sewon U> u2e' fg» »nd fail, Bafce to „, oven (ISO degnts r) until -„ a flrm, 25 to 30 minute*. „• WAYNBTOORO, P., _ Emllle Re«<t, »idow of Dr. Wa Re«d, who dlicovered the st m»«» moBquiU) WM a e*rrler yellow , Uver,, observed Wrthdqr rtofntly .t Rld«« Summit ' Her wn Brtf. Gen Waiter 2 Reed of Wuhln«too. was prewA for th« occulon J t • ELECTRICAL SHPPLIES Let us figure your bill of material* or the total 1 Contract, including tabor. WALPOLE ELECTRIC CO. 110 So. Sec. Phrae 3371 * I I • SPRING OATS - • Sinkers Cotton Seed ' ' "" '" Alfalfa - L«sp«d«M>^ y'^ ' -•, r -• SoytMon and Oardcil S*4d. • • Blytheville Soybean Corp. 1800 West Main Phone 856 " BlythwiDe, Ark. For Your Home SpringfleW Couchc?, ' Loonge chairs with OtJoman, Chifrrobes, Bedroom Suites, - bprings. Mattresses, S piece Breakfast Seta. Jusf Received: Metal Trunk* & Lockers Alvin Hardy Furniture Co. FARMS FOR RENT W» also want 25 SHARECKOP FAMILIES ill Will omplctdT Mt ap ud Bnu>c«, U tern. • Phone 3122 112 Wett Main Street D. & P. L. No. 14 Planting Seed Cleaned, Delinked, Cmnttnt Treated. Germination 80 to 90 per cent. Also LAREDO SOY BEANS . 90% Germination Lloyd Stickmon Pfcooe 3210 Refrigeration Service! Phone 415 We have an Expert Service Ma* to take cam of yew Refnaera- Non and Washing Machine Serv- ke; oho EkeMc Motor Serrke, W- olso eari » *• e «« l * l ««« «*»ek of New Pom for «ff m+m of EquipaMftK Work RononaMaPficw. Tcm Lirrie Appliance Co. ... 105 .Wo«-M~» $t,

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