The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 21, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Thursday, September 21, 1944
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Dewey Calls for Central Valley Water Project Completion * * # * * # * * * . * # * ft & * • * YANKS CRUSH THK UKATHKR Temperature HiKh yesterday K2 Low today 54 Rainfall Season (Airport) T Year ngo 'Airport) T Heanon (Land Company) T Year BBO (Land Company) T Forrrimt Partly eloudy today, clearing up tonight with rising temperature Friday. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1944 18 PAGES No. 45 U. S. TROOPS CAPTURE THREE PALAU ISLANDS —Cullfornlan-NljA Telephoto PELELIU TOLL—The price of invasion and victory is never cheap. These leathernecks of First Marine Division lie where they fell on beach at Peleliu island in Palaus, where-they, landed, with first wave of assault troops who now have almost completed conquest of the strategic island barrier to the Philippines. Photo radioed from Honolulu. RED BALTIC DRIVE ALMOST WON; LENINGRAD ARMY JOINS IN SMASH RUSSIAN PRESS ACCUSES FINLAND OF VIOLATING ARMISTICE TERMS BY AIDING NAZIS TO ESCAPE LONDON, Sept. 21. <^">—Russian troops have completely cleared the 30-niile wide isthmus between Lake Peipus and the gulf of Finland and now are within 55 miles of the Estonian capital of Tallinn, Moscow announced tonight. MOSCOW, Sept. 21. (HE)—The government newspaper Izvestia said today that the Red army campaign to liberate the Baltic states is almost won. Four Russian armies were wheeling through the Baltics on a 200- mile front, riding down the rear guard of an estimated 200,000 German troops threatened with imminent death or capture. General Ivaii C. Bngramin stormed the suburbs of Riga. Marshal Leonid A. Govorov swept toward Tallinn. General Ivan Maslennikov deepened his thrust toward the sea northwest of Valga. General Andrei I. Yeremenko pushed against Kiga from the east. Coastal Plain Clear Writing against that backdrop in a sarcastic vein, Izvestia's military commentator said that "the Germans soon will be compelled to announce the 'successful' conclusion of the Baltic campaign." Front dispatches indicated that main barriers in the path of Govo- rov's two-way thrust through Estonia already had been hurdled, leaving before him a relatively clear costal plain stretching to the capital city of Tallinn. The veteran Leningrad army un- 'der Govorov was revealed last night to have joined in the Baltic, campaign, completing an assault arc swinging down from the gulf of Fin- .land to the suburbs of Riga. Forts Smashed An elaborate system of German fortifications, based on a chain of rivers and swampland hugging the • Continued on Page Two BASEBALL AMERICAN LEAG1 E At Cleveland— R. H. K. BOSTON 2 U 3 CLEVELAND 583 Batteries: Ryba and Partee; Klieman and Rosar. NATIONAL LEAGIE (First Game) At Boston R. H. E. ST. LOUIS 5 12 0 BOSTON 4 11 0 Batteries: M. Cooper, Brecheen (5) and W. Cooper;) Barrett, Hutchings (8) and Poland, Hofferth. (First Game) • At New York— R. H. E. CHICAGO 11 12 0 NEW YORK 8 13 3 Batteries: Chlpman, Vandenberg(1), Derring 15) and Gillespie, Will- lams (7). Voiselll, Melton (1), Fischer^ (6), Adams (8) and Lombard!. (First Game) At Brooklyn— R, H. E. PITTSBURGH 10 11 0 BROOKLYN 491 Batteries: Sewell and Lopez; Gregg, Melton (6), Branca (8), An- )dowen. Andrew* (6). Slap Cost Bergen $1500, Toni Says SECRETARY TESTIFIES IN SUIT ASKING SUPPORT FROM CAMERON By VIRGINIA MarPHEKSON United Press Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD, Sept. 21.— Honey-haired Toni St. John, former secretary to Edgar Bergen, collected $1500 from the comedian for a smack in the face shortly before she married Actor Rod Cameron to give their unborn baby a name, she declared today. "Bergen smacked me when I went to his office to collect my final pay check." she testified in Superior Judge Goodwin J. Knight's court where she is naming Cameron as father of her child and asking support and medical expenses. "It wasn't a playful smack either," snapped the shapely sec- 4 Continued on Page Two Marines Kill 7645 Japs on Peleliu; Capture Imminent BY LEONARD MILLIMAX Associated Press War Editor At least three of the Japanese-mandated Palau islands are securely held by American invasion forces today. Capture of a fourth, Peleliu, was imminent. Soldiers and marines have taken Angaur, southernmost of the Palau group; Ngarmoked, south of Peleliu; and an unnamed island off I'eleliu's northeast coast. "The enemy resistance is hitter, hut slow progress is being made" in Hie sixth day of lighting on Pele- liu, Admiral Chester \V. Nimitz announced yesterday. Marines had killed 7C4."i Japanese, or three- fourths of the defending garrison. (Reporting action on the seventh day, Webley Edwards said in a Blue network broadcast that all but a small strip on the northeast coast had been taken.) New Davao Blow Six hundred miles east of Palau, 50 Liberators made the second successive heavy land-based strike at Davao, principal city of Mindanao, southernmost of the Philippines. Fires were left blazing at the airdrome, barracks and supply depot. Bad weather was about the only obstacle the Liberators encountered. Nor did the Japanese throw up any noteworthy opposition to a recent British carrier raid on Sigli, railway mintenance point on northwestern Sumatra. Associated Press War • Correspondent Charles Grumich reported in a delayed dispatch. He said lack of Japanese opposition might result in the British fleet storming down Malacca Strait and neutralizing or seizing two Nipponese naval bases on the way to Singapore. Significant of Allied power was a navy announcement that strafing Hellcat fighters had recently sunk three Japanese destroyers 'in the western Pacific with machinegun fire. Cold Nip Winters A Tokyo broadcast %aid Japan faces a cold winter with production of firewood and charcoal for industrial and domestic purposes falling off because of labor and transport shortages. Tokyo Radio claimed reinforced Japanese recaptured Lungling in southwest China, proposed connecting link of the Allies' Ledo and Burma supply roads to China. Chungking announced yesterday that threatening Nipponese forces had been pushed back from the town which had already changed hands twice. Another enemy broadcast said Japanese were within 19 miles of Kweilin. southeast China base recently abandoned by the Fourteenth United States Air Force. Two Liberators of the Fourteenth, carrying unidentified "special equipment." sank a half dozen vessels out of an 11-shlp convoy and probably sank another, Major-General Claire L. Chennault announced. The attack was made Tuesday night off Formosa. Chinese sources reported the Japanese were fortfiying a 1200-mile stretch of the China coast and sending in reinforcements to meet the promised American invasion. Center of the fortress area is opposite Formosa. It stretches from Shanghai to Hainan island, with greatest preparations reported at Shanghai in the north, and the Can- ton-Hongkong area in the south. F. D. R. Back From Quebec, Slates Talk WASHINGTON", Sept. 21. (UP)— President Roosevelt has returned from his war conference with Prime Minister Winston Churchill at Quebec and has begun work on a political .speech he will make here Saturday night, the White House disclosed today. White House Secretary Stephen T. Early said the President would devote most of the day to work on ' the speech, which will be addressed to members of the International Teamsters Union (American Federation of Labor), at a meeting in a Washington hotel. Mr. Roosevelt announced some time ago that it would be his first political speech of the presidential campaign. The President's only scheduled conference today was with Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson. Nearly 1000 union officials are | expected to attend the meeting at which the President will open his fourth term campaign. The talk will he broadcast on all radio networks from 7:30 to S p. m. P. W. T. Warren Greets Dewey Federal Housecleaning Pledged in Portland; S. F. Speech Is Tonight Brisk Retail Sales Keep Sales Tax Collections Up SACRAMENTO, Sept. 21. (UP.)— Improvement in the state's financial condition continued during August and July, largely because brisk retail sales prevailed despite war conditions and resulted in maintaining a high level of sales tax collections, Finance Director James S. Dean revealed today. Dean said receipts during the two months, $47,993,000, contrasted with a forecast of $30,470,000 made when the biennial state budget was written 20 months ago, The sales tax, he added, accounted for three-fourths of the unanticipated excess. At the same time "normal" expenditures of $16,990,000 were $4,433,000 less than authorized, Dean said, but he pointed out the $2,200,000 monthly "saving" may be "artificially high" and should be discounted pending a detailed analysis covering the remainder of the biennium. A general fund balance "far above the level anticipated" showed current assets at August 31 of $146,- 000,000, Including $34.548.000 In cash. The remainder is invested in war bonds. A gain of $84,407,000 over budget estimates made 30 months ago was achieved, Dean pointed out. In addition to "normal" July and August expenditures, $33,060,000 was transferred to the teachers retirement fund in accordance with legislation adopted in June "to improve the solvency of this reserve." An expenditure of $751,000 for aid to the needy aged was below the budget forecast. The $146,000,000 state surplus does not include a $25,000,000 reserve for possible war catastrophes, $14,588,249 earmarked for debt service between 1945 and 1949 or $38,535,000 in the postwar employment reserve on August 31. The employment reserve will be Increased by transfer during September of $75,000,000 from the cash surplus in accordance with action taken by the Legislature in June, Dean cold. U. S. CASUALTIES TOTAL 400,760 ARMY FIGURE 10,127 GREATER THAN NAVY WASHINGTON, Sept. 21. (UP.)— American combat casualties in this war, as officially announced here, passed 400,000 today to reach a total of 400,760 as compared with ;!89,12u a week ago. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson announced that army casualties through September ti totaled 337,743, including 64,468 killed, 177,235 wounded. 48,725 prisoners of war and 47,315 missing. The army total was 10,127 greater than that announced by Stimson a week ago. Navy, coast guard and marine casualties as announced today contributed 63.017 to the overall total.' They included 25,152 dead, 23,867 wounded, 9532 missing and 4466 prisoners. The navy total was 1508 larger than that of a week ago. Stimson announced that of the army wounded. 72,583 have returned to duty. Congress Votes to Recess Nov. 14 WASHINGTON. Sept. 21. (IP)— Congress voted to recess today to Tuesday, November 14—a week after the national elections. Many members began leaving the capital, homeward-bound to put a whirlwind finish on their political campaigns, soon after the House concurred in the Senate's adjournment resolution. SAX FRANCISCO, Sept. | 21. (JP) —Governor Thomas E. Dewey, called at a news conference today for completion of the Central Valley California reclamation and power project by either the state or federal governments, or both. Greeted here by cheering crowds of thousands who lined downtown Sun Francisco i streets, the Republican presidential I nominee, held a series of conferences preceding a major campaign speech here tonight in which be said he would discuss "the fundamental approach of a new relationship between the government and the people." At a news conference attended by about 200 reporters, the governor was* asked for his views on the Central Valley Project. "It Is.a very necessary project." he sa4d,'taid it. ought to be completed by one authority or the other, or by both." The New York governor said it was his understanding that Governor Earl Warren of California favors federal completion of the project. The Republican presidential nominee reached Oakland at 9:30 a. m. (P. W. T.), after an overnight train ride from Portland, Ore., where he spoke Tuesday night. Accompanied by Mrs. Dewey and other members of his party, the New York governor rode in a procession through downtown Oakland streets. About 1500 persons turned out to see Dewey on his arrival. The nominee then came by motor car to San Francisco, to hold a series of conferences before he speaks at 8 p. in. (P. W. T.) tonight on what he had said would be "a new approach" to the relationship between the government and citizens if the Republicans win in November. The New York governor has announced that he will "discuss a whole new approach to the relation ship between the government of the United States and its people." Ho CHAIRMAN—Henry J. Kaiser, today announced that he has accepted chairmanship tit the. Association for Franchise Education to insure postwar jobs for thousands (if his employes, including himself. KAISER ACCEPTS COMMITTEE POST WANTS TO INSURE JOBS FOR ALL, EVEN HIMSELF NEW YORK, Sept. 21. (UP.) — Henry J. Kaiser, shipbuilder and in- dusulalist, .said today -that lie hud accepted the chairmanship of the non-partisan Association for Franchise Education to insure postwar jobs for thousands of his employes, including himself. Kaiser said that only through mass voting could the nation's laboring force elect office holders who are "genuinely interested" in them, and added that ho had joined the association after learning that less than one-half of the country's registered voters are expected to go to the polls in November. Kaiser said he planned to appear on several radio programs in New York to "stress the need for every eligible person voting." German Losses Mount qt^Trier Paratroopers Shoot Way Through Nazi Death Battalion Attacking at Nijmegen to Relieve Sky Unit Threatened With German Trap Sri'HKME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 21. <U.E)—Counterattacking German troops were thrown back with heavy casualties by the American First Army in an hours-long battle northwest of Trier" today, while to the southeast Nazi tank losses mounted past the 100 mark on the third day of a great armored battle ; ' ALLIES HEARING APENNINEPA5S NAZIS SHIFT TROOPS TO MEET YANK THREAT FLASHES NAME PARIS REPRESENTATIVE WASHINGTON, Sept. 21. <&>— President Roosevelt has appointed Jefferson Caffery, American ambassador to Brazil, as :i representative of the United States in Paris, the state department announced today. Although Caffery is given the personal rank of ambassador, the announcement made clear that there is no change as yet In the American position regarding General Charles de Gaulle's committee of national liberation. C'HNENE HEAD EXEC'l TED CHUNKING, (Friday) Sept. 22. OP)—General Chen Nu-Nung. commander of th<j Ninety-third Chinese Army has been executed for failure "to carry out his instructions to defend Chuanhsien," stronghold on the way to Kweilin, the Chinese Central News Agency said today. General Chen "fled at the approach of the enemy," according to the dispatch. The execution was carried out at the front September 20, on orders of the Chinese high command. BROADCAST SLATED Chairman Philip 11. Wag.v of the Kern county Republican central committee today announced that Governor Thomas E. Dewey's speeches tonight from San Francisco and Friday from Los Angeles, will be broadcast over stations K1IJ, Fresno; KPO, San Francisco; and KFI, Los Angeles. The addresses will not be carried over local stations. Both talks are scheduled for S p. m. over the Blue network. Governor Dewey was to lie guest of honor at a mammoth reception in the bay city today. He will speak to thousands of persons in Seal Stadium tonight and from the Coliseum tomorrow night. A large delegation of Bakersfield and Kern county residents plan to be in Los Angeles tomorrow to attend the noon luncheon in honor of Governor Dewey and to hear his evening address. GEN. ROOSEVELT HONORED WASHINGTON, Sept. 21. (UP) —Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson today presented to Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., widow of the brigadier-general son of the <ate President Theodore Roosevelt, the Congressional Medal of Honor in recognition of the general's "gallantry and Intrepeclity" on D- Day in France. FREE EXCHANGE OF NEWS WASHINGTON, Sept. 21. OP)— Congress unanimously urged upon the world today the free exchange of news as a. cornerstone of the approaching peace. First the Senate and then • the House adopted without a dissent a resolution expressing the belief of the American lawmakers in the ptAiciple of news freedom. supplemented this during a train stop at Eugene, Ore., yesterday, calling for the "the biggest, the finest and the most complete housecleaning in history" in Washington. Crowd Applauds Then, he said, it would be the purpose of a new Republican administration to install in federal posts "people who have lived close to the people and who know their problems, who do not yo to Washington for the iiurpo.se uf telling 1 ISO,000,000 people Miat they know better how to run their lives than the people do themselves." A crowd of about 2000 persons applauded with cries of "we can do it" when Dewey said his party's aim was to "get a new administration, a Republican Congress and a Republican Senate." "Then," he said, "with the establishment of a government of sound principles which believes in our future, which wants to create jobs and to go forward, we can wipe, out the dismal years of the New Deal. We can forget the regimentation and the slow slipping towards a totalitarian economy. We can go forward again, a free and a united people, to better and happier days than this country hag ever seen." In a stop at Klamath Falls, Ore., Dewey told a crowd of abo^t 1000 persons at the railroad station that all the west needs is "a national government that says go to it and there will be jobs for all." He called for a cabinet that "wholly represents the people of the United States and does not forget Continued on Page Two Man Suicides Because of Love Failure ACQUAINTANCE FINDS LOS ANGELES STUDENT WITH GUNSHOT WOUNDS HOLLYWOOD. Sept. 21. <UP.) — A 22-year-old college student, Hugh Hurrah, shot and killed himself today because lie said he was unable to thrill the woman he loved as much as her husband could. Police found a five-page letter in his Y.M.C.A. room addressed to "Helen." saying, "I can't K" on without you. I wish I could lay my heart at your feet. I wish 1 could thrill you as much as your husband can." Hurrah, a student at Los Angeles City College, was found in Briar Summit, a restricted military area, by an acquaintance who found him bleeding from the bend, a gun near his hand. He died on the way to the hospital. Hostile his body, police found three brief notes. To "Don." the husband of "Helen," he had written. "Helen is for you." on Hie Third Army front. Violent fighting flared up in a number of sectors scattered from the Rhine valley of Holland to the German border area of eastern France. Tank-riding American doughboys and British mobile forces raced northward from the Xijniejien area of I lie lower Khinc toward an imminent junction with Allied airborne troops clamped in a pocket at Arn- heni, 10 miles to the north. Supreme headquarters revealed that Lieutenant-General Courtney II. Hodges' I'nited States First Army had struck out southeast of Aachen in a new offensive against the Siegfried defenses abutting the breach knocked in the line last week. Hodges' shock troops were slugging house by house through Stolberg, 6*/i miles east oC Aachen, industrial city of 17.000 in which not n house remained undamaged, and Nazi artillery pounded the American- held parts strongpolnt described in front dispatches as a "little Cnssino." United Press Correspondent Henry T. (Jon-ell, in a dispatch filed from First Army headquarters at fi:.'Hl p. m.. said the Germans counterattacked in force in the \Vollendorf area north of Eeliternach. on the Luxembourg frontier northwest of Trier. Lilies I'lit'llaHgcd Massed artillery supported the counterblow against the right wing of the First Army in Germany. For hours the battle raged. The Nazis lost heavily. The lines remained unchanged. Then the Germans fell back, leaving a covering force. It was "entirely wiped out." Gorrell said. The costly undertaking has checked, but not reversed, the American drive. Elsewhere on the First Army front, German activity was confined largely to restricted patrol stabs. In an evident effort to boost the sagging morale of the Siegfried Line defenders, the Germans stepped up the use of flying bombs. Several exploded at widely separated points in the last two days. Late today Allied medium bombers struck hard at German-held towns in the Aachen urea, including Duren. on the way to Cologne. They also attacked Bitburg, north of Trier. At Kschenweiler, northeast of Aachen, troops of the front line said they had seen the Germans dismantling an entire factory and loading equipment to a waiting train, which was wrecked by our bombers. The Allied campaign in western Europe is "well over a month" ahead uf .schedule, a broadcaster reported from Paris un his arrival from General Dwight I). Eisenhower's new command po«t in eastern France, adding that, "so nnw it is forward In Merlin." The I'liUo'l .States Eighth Air Force sent about Son of its Flying Fortresses and Liberators to the Ivhliicland to hammer the stronghold:< of Main/, Coble/ and Ludwigs- C'onllnncd on PHKO Two Cult Fights True Immorality, Plural Marriage Defense Says ROME. Sept. 21. (UP.)— American troops advancing north of Florence approached the famous Futa Pass i through the Apennines, today amid sign-? that the Germans were shifting troops from the west to meet the threat against that gateway to northern Italy. Fighting in a driving rain which hampered ground forces and restricted aerial support, the United States Fifth Army troops captured five mountain peaks and pushed near the village -of SanfS, Lucia, a 'i mile, south of Futa Pass and It* self a part of the German defenses for the pass. Other Fifth Army units on it>4 Ligurian sea coastal sector ap* proached the outskirts of the town of Pietrasanta, on the Lucca-Massa highway, 3 miles inland and 6 miles north of Viareggio. Pietrasanta is 4 miles northwest of Camaiore, which was captured yesterday by Brazilian Expeditionary Force troops operating with the Fifth Army. Flying Bombs Blast London on 4th Night LONDON, Sept. 21. UP>— Flying bombs zoomed over London and the southern counties last night for the fourth successive night as the Germans continued sporadic attacks apparently aimed at keeping Britain's lights from coining on again. Casualties included several children recently returned from the safety of country districts. "This is a grim and unhappy lesson," saiil on« man whose house was badly damaged. "My house was empty except for myself, but several of my neighbors brought back their children and were at home when a bomb fell." In one section at ieast two people were killed and four others were seriously injured when a row of homes was destroyed. While the newest raids carried neither the Intensity nor terror of the earlier raids, the rush of evac- . uees back to the capital was noticeably slowing down. Hitler's Home Now Armed Special Train NEW YORK, Sept. 21. (JF>— CBS Correspondent Howard K. Smith said in a broadcast from Bern today that travelers from Germany reported Hitler now lived in his heavily armed special train, which moves from station to station by day and halts at night in guarded tunnels. SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, Sept. 21. (UR) — Nine I'tali Fundalmentisls. supporting their appeals frum flitted States District Court convictions on charges of white slavery and kidnap- ing, today claimed that western polygamists advocate the death penalty fur "true immorality," such as prostitution. In a "check and double check" brief served on Assistant I'nlted States District Attorney John S. Hoyden, leader of the federal prosecution against the plural marriage advocating sect, the fundamentalists also asserted that "confession is a greater religious crime" than polygamy. Brief Served The brief, after being served on Boyden. now goes to the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver for a ruling on the appeals from the Utah Federal District Court. The nine federal court defendants filed their brief while the Salt Lake county District Court was examining 100 more veniremen In an attempt to obtain a satisfactory eight- man jury to hear the trial of 32 Fundamentalists on state charges of conspiracy to practice polygamy. Tlu.s Is the third 100-man venire summoned since the state cases were ordered to trial. ufc Six uf the federal defendants were convicted of violating the Mann Act by taking plural wives across state lines. Three others, including one woman, were convicted of kidnaping a 13-year-old girl whom one of them. William Chatwin, 71. subsequently marlred in Juarez, Mex. Cite States Rights The strongly worded brief charged invasion of states' rights by the federal government, asserted that the recognized Mormon Church was crusading against the fundamentalists, and claimed the District Court had erred on 17 counts In finding the defendants guilty. "There are other religious practices more harmful to society than the practice of plural marriage," the | cultists claimed, quoting Count Camille de Renesse as culling confession "that violation of conscience which, for the clergy, is a school of vice and lust and, for the penitants, especially women, a school of falsehood and immorality." The states' rights angle was embodied in a charge that the federal court "erroneously declared upon the status of a marriage" and "has no right to regulate on the form of marriage permissible in any state or to declare polygamous marriage a form of debauchery." Index lo Advertisers Abrams. Dr. K. F Arvin Theater . A&P Stores Artcratt of. California.. Booth's Brock's Citizens Laundry Coffee, Harry Culliton, John W Kastern Edwards. Dr. E. I 1 Flic kinger- Dig ier Fund City Fox Theaters Granada Theater Page .......12 17 .11 12 ', 3 ...17 "l7 ...10 ..17 ..11 ..17 .17 Ivers Furniture .\..12 KERN H' KPMC 1* KPO 14 Lawson's 6 Lim. T 17 Owl Drug Store 5 Penney's 4 Phillips Music Co 2 Rialto Theater 17 River Theater -...IT Rolling Hills Academy 17 Sears Roebuck, .....A T Smith's Farmers Market..........™.ia Tibbettsi j ,.,...1$ Union Cemetery 9, 17 Victory Foods Fair „ 13 Victory Shoe Shop »™....,..i7 Virginia Theater IT Welll's f 8, U * ,—**.

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