The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 20, 1944 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

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Wed A L r n E D EDITOR AM - • _^_^^^^_ ^_^^^_ 11 A R R E L L > PUBLISH 1H — .,ii.~ •• i . — •' • •• \ .style designers for women's clothes, it was Jn pr«st office at Bakr vKfiolt], California, ns- around class iindoi- th« net of Congress March 3, 1X71!, ()I1 C l>CSt tilings that CVCP MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Associated Press IP exclusively pntiiieil to tlif* u«r for p lion of all new* dispatc-hfs 1 credited m it or not niheruM*u credited \n this paper, nnd aJsn ihr local news nnlilfsh^d therein The BakorafieM California?! L* ulsn n rllnnt of and receives its rnmj;)pin \\-\re i:n;toi] KEPKKSEXTATiVES York, Wi?m-Holld*iy rrv. Inc. itfo, Sun KrHnrinrn, l tie*, i'OTlUin'l, Don v FT \vAFrnxr;TON, n r . The Haskin Service. W;tslnrKton. n r {-nrrirr or mail fin arlvanrr* In postal zon» : s mm. two. UMPP month* S>~»r, *i* months. J.Vln; on** vn:ir, .?!> no. Hy rmiil in t>6fetal zones tour lo eight, pnr month, $1 '»:, to the rlolhing industry in this country. American designers proved as good as any in the world—as a matter of fact, manv * *-• women believe they arc better than the French, and confidence in American styles has bee/i strengthened to the point that women now look to Hollywood and New *• York as the style centers of the world. Of course, Paris will make a strong attempt lo recapture the leadership, but it seems doubtful it' this will be accomplished. W 1 o EDITOR'S NOTE— UhlM Mich time fls Ernie Pyle'a column is resumed following his vacation, thin snac« will be used for war feature •rorfei. By ASAHEL BUSH Houston, Texas, and headed for the ba. AT GKXKRAL HEADQUARTERS, NEW fUMNKA, Sept. 20 (Delayed). The TnitPd States Navy risked .scores of costly airplanes, two P-T boats and expended thousands of pounds of bombs and hundreds of thousands of rounds of ammunition In a nine-hour battle today to save one American pilot. In one of the most heroic rescues of this war, two patrol torpedo boats HITLER'S ESCAPE photographs of Parisian Women i*M-«k<"l thmi.gh Hnlmahera island's .1 . ... .. „. .. ! heavily mined Wa.silp bay. and while n i i i .i • ashed home over the wi ,-M .1 .. .1 alter the tall of Paris proved (hat those fashion pictures T HAT rats desert a sinking ship is a truism . w|lich wc holicvc(i , o be mere Gcniian prop . long accepted in fac! and fiction, but agan da somc mO nths ago, were really accu- wlicrc the rats go when the ship sinks into . ra u> and Unit Paris, left to itself during the a watery grave has seldom been explained, : German occupancy had designed some "ter- either in fact or fiction. It is assumed here i rible creations," or at least so they appeared that the rats must drown, unless they reach ' i» fie (pictures, shore by swimming. i American styles by contrast were much According to the Xcw York Times, Mr. morc attractive. By dominating the motion picture output of the world America, through Hollywood, is now creating the fashions of the world as well and probably will never relinquish the heavily mined Was He bay, and c-ovrring airplanes held back the Hi Her d not intend lo sink when he deserts his ship of slate, the Reich, or at least he will not sink below the cruising level of a great submarine which he is reported to leadership lo Parisians, have prepared for his escape from Germany. More ihan one man, as lie has footed a Hitler's intuition has told him, finally, thpl | clothing hill for his wife, lias concluded that all is not well with the Reich, and that he ! the husiness of making clothes for women had better have n submarine to windward—a < should be prelly profitable. If this is so, means of escape when retribution catches up j ll)ere is no reason why the profits should with him. As a matter of fact, his possession of a large submarine will make it diflicull lo apprehend the fuehrer when he finally decides that his political jig is up. not be kept at home. FEDERAL ARMY F, Tiinorou the magic of a super-eyesight and an omniscient perspective, a person Hitler is reported to have had constructed cou ] f i scc f rom t j lc cilv of Washington, D. C M j' ^^. .M. A. _ _* P fc * "* * .Iap;mo.s(», saved Knsign Harold Alien Thompson, of Chicago, from almost certain capture. At \V;IH close, however. At one point Thompson's rubber raft bumped against a pier and scores of Nipponese wore pounding along a wooden approach to reach htm when a dozen llellcat.s screamed down, their Rim.s blazing, and knocked them back. Again the P-Ts and planes were ordered to pull back because of the darkness when word finally came that Thompson was saved. The amazing Htory started when Pilot Thompson took off from an aiix v raft carrier for a sweep over heavily defended Halmahera, just smith of Morotai where Americans landed yesterday. Thompson's plane caught a burst of ack-ack at fi:5i» a. m., and headed toward the sea The flier bailed out. His parachute dropped him into the dead renter of almost land-locked \Vasile bay. Another Hellcat dropped him a rubber raft and Thompson climbed aboard. lie was in the Japanese front yard. A Catalina, ordered to pick him up, took one look and radioed it was impossible to loud and take off in the confined space. Circling navy planes watched the liny yellow raft drift slowly toward shore. Thompson appeared to be helpless. Jle was making no effort to paddle and didn't answer their urgent hand signals. The situation appeared hopeless for Thompson The Japanese left no doubt thf*y Intended to capture this man. After they were cut down Atraffng on the pier, Thompson appeared to come to life and paddled frantically to the cover of an abandoned enemy merchant ship. He made fast to the anchor chain. Plant's dropped smoke bombs to hide him. Hellcats circled in relays, All Japanese anti-aircraft batteries were blazing away at them About 1 p. in. a Hellcat piloted by. Ensign Paul Woodruw Lindskog, Minneapolis, Minn., was shot down, hut Lindskog managed to land a mile from shorn. An army Catalina piloted l:y Lieutenants George Barnes of Taft, Calif., and Jarvls T, Yugaea, Waterloo, Io\vu. picked him up. The Japanese sent u. bi out to a 1200-ton underscas craft capable of traveling 20,000 miles without refueling. In this lo New York City, and he could view between these great towns an army of men large submersible he could leave Germany, | four abreast in close military formation, and slop in for a call on his pal Franco of Spain, , u >le at the same time thai army filling the and Ihen make for the Argentine for another ; highway between the two cities, he would social visit \vilh friends of his ilk. From the Argentine he could refuel and be amazed. Yet if all Ihc Federal employes were to he replenish his cruising larder and then sol out r put into military formation four abreast, for Japan via Cape Horn, for it is douhtful ! Ihcir column would extend from the nation's Tb if he would he permitted lo use the Panama capital to its largest city. canal. Once around Cape Horn, Hitler would Senator Bvrd, of Virginia, chairman of the When word came to hl.s flagship Rea r A d m i ra 1 Da n iel E Ba rbey of Portland, Ore., asked a P-T commander to help Lieutenant Arthur Preston, former Washington, D. C,, attorney, took tactical command of two boats, skippered by Lieutenant Wilfred Tntro, Jr., Warwick. R. I,, and Lieutenant (j. g.) Hershel Boyd, get Thompson but Hellcats aank it. The Japanes tried another and the planes set it afire. At 3:30 p. m, the P-Ts reached the narrow bottleneck entrance to the bay, escorted by destroyers, who signaled "Ciood Luck" and turned back. The patrol boats circled briefly then, paining full speed, made a headlong dash through the strait. Midway they drew heavy fire from 5-inch guns on the west shore. Planes dove on the guns trying to put them out of action. "We didn't have time to worry about mines although we knew this water was heavily mined." Preston said. "The Nips were dropping their fi-inchers all around us." The P-Ts were under constant fire until C p. m. Avengers laid a smokescreen for them while Hellcats dove on the Japanese guns. One patrol boat swerved suddenly, pulled to a stop and Lieutenant Donald Saaman, Reno, Nev . and Motor Machinists Mate Charles Day of Kennebunk, Maine, dove overboard. Frantic messages were going to the patrol boats, ordered them to "pull back" because the covering planes would be unable to reach their carriers before dark unless they withdrew Immediately. From the P-Ts came the jubilant reply "We have him! His name's Thompson and he is in good shape." And under cover of near darkness, they sped back through the narrow passage to safety. y w -(By ERSKINE JOHNSON) limn then head for Japan to join that Aryan race j J oint economy committee, said that there are of supermen, cut on the bias, warped and ! now S'Ul^Go Federal employes, or 17,502 in excess of the employment peak reached si June. This is almost as many men as arc aclu- stained in lhc making. There is no" question if Hitler uses his submarine it will contain all the gold he lias amassed since he has been rulimr Gcniianv ally scrvi »fi in front-line combat at this lime. f * ¥ "X • •• • ^^. —-» and all the valuables his prehensile fingers Drawing another analogy, Senator ByrcTs have touched during his career of political fi fi ures Ilican " ial jt * akcs almost as man} perfidy. men to govern this country as it does lo If it is true, as reported, that Hitler has ! 5, n >' ll 8 e in aclual combat in a second World prepared a submarine for his escape from Germany and that it is to be commanded by Lieutenant Muth, the outstanding sub oflicc of the German fleet, it is a strong indication that the end is near and that Hitler himself r realizes it. War. Incidentally, Senator Byrd's figures did IH>I include 252,978 War Department em- ployes stationed outside of continental United Stales. Of the employes totaled by Senator Byrd, the greater number is not engaged in growing food for soldiers, making ammunition for their guns, tanks, battleships, or air»™i ii rt .,, A T r> i A i • • < .• ' Planes, but is engaged in creating nioun- eral Home Loan Bank Administration, I «,- r • ,f • • . -ncihniiiw,,, . •• n T>uau " 11 ' ! tains ot paper in the increasing y comp i- cs that the construction oi homes after _,_, ,...,:„_ _, _ ,„_,_ . . .. . § at Carlos Ramirez, a South American opera star who spent $25,000 in eight months as a night club customer in New York, is now letting the Hollywood night clubs support him. Also the Hollywood bridge players, HP'S the current rage of movie- town's after dark prowlers and he is also doing all right on the radio and in M-G-M filmusicals. Also with the Hollywood ladies. "I have a trick voice," he says. "I can sing anything." And you Even sang duets with Lily Pens in "Lucia" on her South American tour. His ambition of course, was the Metropolitan in New York. "But they told me a South American baritone would mean nothings in New York. They said I would 11 th can see him on the screen in Ing 1 Beauty." But don't ask to observe hts bridge technique. You might have to cash in some of your Avar bonds. "Th«y say I don't know how to play ze bridge so I say I don't know how but I am always winnings. He exhibited a bank book. Since Julv 19, ho had deposited $1057. " have to go to Italy first, study and sing there, and then they would book me into the Met." So early in 19P.9 Carlos took $25,000 out of the bank and headed for Italy via New York. War broke out. "So I decided to stay in New York/The Met offered him a small role but be turned it down. Eight months later his $25,000 was gone. "I spent it/ 1 he chuckled, "on little things. Mostly at night clubs. I was about broke when somebody offered me a night club job, so I took it." He a big hit and sang at the HOME BUILDING OHN II. FAHEY, commissioner of the Fed- ,i i i • *• i • - . ,- , catcd business ot administration, bureau * i That ees bridge winni " ^i he m.tm.i. MI .-. i , crmanv will constitute a urea I i r •• i i • * laws » directives and archives. toward re-employment. Bakersfield knows, as do other cities in >var congested areas, that there is a great need for homes at this time. Hundreds of persons would like residences but arc unable to obtain them. This condition is national, according i o INVASION BOOK O xi; of the outstanding stories of D-Day, the invasion of Normandy, is now available in the book, "Invasion," illustrated by Hobcrl Capa, Ihc i'amous war photographer, Mr. Fahey, who says, "We all know that one and Britten by Charles C. Wcrtcnbaker. tot Ihe nation s important shortages is in the satisfactory homes for our people. N One of the revelations of the book is the . , . , - cvcr genius of General Omar Bradley, a publicity in our history has there been a greater <lc- , » , , sliy man who permits others to take the lime- mancl lor morc and better housing nor a greater determination to supply (lie need ^. /t* • 11 11 * " ^•*'' v ' v "^-»»»«i-»*i fc »iiii"*v^im.inij/cii.iiv;vji more cfliacnlly and loss expensively than in Nonm.mly and put then, inlo retreat to lhc It was his planning and genius that broke Iho Germans in the crucial battle of Y1C- the past. "But resumption of (lie manufacture and distribution of building materials after lory in Europe will take more tinu? (bun many anticipate. \Vc musl reali/c, too, (hat the government is utilizing almost all of the grinned. "A special bank account just for ze pigeons T meets." He is also very lucky with "the dices." One night In New York Xavler Cugat came up to Ramirez's apartment and Carlos lost $185. A few days later he met Cugat again. Carlos asked, "Have you got your dlcos with you?" Cugat said he had. Carlos beamed thinking about It. "I made 17 straight passes at $20 a throw. And you know what? That Cugat he still owes me $:.'0." Carlos is a happy-go-lucky Latin who trains on wine, women and song. After singing until U a. m. at a night club, ho plays bridge the rest of the night. He ran away from home at 11 to .sing in a theater In Panama, He helped sell phonograph records in a music store by singing with the records. He Kindled singing in Buenos Aires and wound up as the 1 baritone in the opera there. fanciest spots. Later he sang with opera companies in Chicago and Philadelphia and made a concert tour of the country. Then M-G-M gave him a movie contract. Carlos' Latin charm overwhelms the ladies. Even on the telephone. The other day he sldeswiped a qar parked on the street, wrecking a fender. There was no one around so he stuck his name and telephone number under the windshield wiper. A few hours later a girl telephoned him. " You wrecked my car. she yolled. charm Carlos turned on the old nd said, "But, my dear, you should see my cars. I cannot even drive eet." They got to talking, Carlos made a date for dinner and the girl drove over and picked him up. After hearing him sing, girls are always calling him on the telephone. "They're all 17," he said, "and they all ask If I'm married." For the sake of the record, and the ladies, Mrs. Ramirez is filing suit for divorce next month. (Copyrieht. 1944, NBA Service, Inc.) an A nswers German frontiers. During thai retreat, which was exploited effectively and to the full bv u ' iivt?i In normal times?—K. E. *• A 'hi _ » *. i-h.o't *•*... t- f*. .1 *-. ft ••* *V *.4*^ *•* m f 41 I Q. What highway has the great- o.st amount ol' automobile tourist A. No accurate data are available. and oston is one of the most nation's output of lumber for d | f • * - * . -„ ^ J\ * A^VJ flWV-LIALJL^ Vt tl I LI 1A J ^ 4|Tl**114»'4*i divisions, General Pa I lOll rode U. S. Xo. I'between Philadelphia Ihc rivst of ihc publicity wave made possible by lhc generalship of Bradley. Tl,,v l, «K i • 'i i -.1 mono, oimuur aruua are me mgii- I (1C hook IS IH)1 primarily concerned \Vllh ! wavs In the Detrolt-Cleveland aroa. heavily traveled routes, as is U. S. No. 1 between Baltimore and Richmond. Similar arena are the high poses—a large part of \vliich will ho needed l )l11 '- assessing generalship, however, hut is su- i Q- sho»w the names of men \vho ,,1^,1 ... . are servlnir in the merchant marine until Japan is defeated. Even afler .Japan , \ on nnnd\ goes down there is ihc question of when are serving in the merchant marine ptThlY photographed and its account Of ll)C ; be included in an honor roll?—M.M. campaign will interest many \. The rnited States Merchant Marine is not a branch of our " ere seasoned woods will he availahlc in reat quantities. The Federal officials pointed out that t will be "no lack of money to finance construction and purchase of homes" and bolstered this assertion by a statement tltal the thousands Of persons who wish to SCC that i ill ' nip(i forces. However. Rear Ad , ... .. . ... . . i miral Emory S. Land, war shipping given a unity not possible to achieve Ihrouijli tlio daily reports of news stories. MODERN WRESTLING ^ *, M r - " Cni Ul111 ll10 ]\/T"-'-'<>NS of persons attend wrestling Federal Home Loan Bank system is ready V] n.alclies throuhout the United States to aid co-opera ling banks and loan associations. n WOMEN'S STYLES miral Emory S. Land, war shipping administrator, has requested the governor of each state to include the mime* of merchant seamen on honor rolls. In ponernl, the 'request is being fulfilled. Q. Whore Is tho golden spike that WJ*PI) m tho ceremony at the competition of the first transcontinental rail road ?—D. D. J. A. Tho golden spike is kept in the regularly each week. Many thousands attend j^.™' repllca local matches (luring the course of the year. on the public These n\iilions of wrestling fans learned of the death this month of Gus Sonnenbcrg, OR four years now American women have i I, formerly of Dartmouth University, more gotten along without Paris styles and recently serving in the Navy, have done very well, indeed, appearing love- i Sonnenherg is credited with being the tier than ever and particularly smart under j man that did more than any other to "re- egis of American design aiul creation. vitalize*' the sport when it had fallen into N t « - — — — - ^m v TV v v ow from Paris comes information thai the doldrums. To Sonnenberg, in a consid- the French couture will make an attempt to erable measure, wrestling promoters credit regain its ascendancy in leading the style , the modernizing of wrestling by spectacular world, If American clothiers ever "how" holds, including the airplane spin. Soiinen- tgain to Paris style designers it will be a berg's wild tactics captured the interest of ^ A •<••*_ v itupid thing to do. \ the crowds and millions began attending When Germany took over Paris ami . matches throughout ihc nation when other - I "* i*ad to depend ufou American j wrestlers adopted the same^stylc. the imlvorsit y's museum of fine arts. Q. How did the passenger pigeon got Its nnnie?—K. C. W. A. The name Is taken from the conspicuous habit which these birds possessed of passing from one part of the country to another in enormous flocks, Q. What kind of a plant is deer's tongue?—P. P. A. Deer's tongue Is a common name for the Carolina vanilla. Large quantities of the leaves are used in flavoring tobacco. Q. What is the literal meaning of tho Japanese word banzai?—W. T. H. A. The literal meaning of this exclamation is "May you live ten thousand yours! Q. What is the pay of an Austral Jan soldier'.'— Q. Is there such a thing as a flying snake?—S. E. C. A. The chrysopelia ornata of India and Malaya is famous as the flying snake because of its ability to glide to limited extent. To accomplish this feat the body is held straight and rigid, the ribs pushed outwards to their full extent and the belly drawn in, so that a considerable concave surface is produced which checks the fall of the animals and enables it. In an emergency, to descend with safety from a considerable height. •*» Q. What Is the derivation of the word genie as used in the Arabian NtRhtsV—G. T. P. A. The word genie was adopted by the French translator of Arabian Nights as the rendering of the Arabic word which it resembled in sound and sense. In English, genie has been commonly vised In the singular, Mind genii in the plural. The word Is defined as meaning one of the sprites or goblins of Arabian demonoiogy. Q. grated from the southern since the war began?—N. P. A. Between the years 1940 and 1943 the south lost more than a million through migration to other parts of tho country. Q. What are the two elements In which average diets are most deficient?—A. \V. B. • l states " T. A. At present the base pay of a private in the Australian Army »buut $31* per monlh. A. Calcium and riboflavin, the latter a member of the B-group of vitamins. Q. What is the area of the Island on which Tokyo la situated?—D. Q. A. The island of Honshu has an area of 91,277.8 square miles. Q. What is the color of the bittersweet flower?—R. E, S. a A. The flower is greenish In color; the seed covering Is orange. A learltr cii ict Ui* «nswn to any of fKvt by writing Tli* RtktrafUld CtltfaraUa lufurnmtiun ilmtau, 316 Eye 8ip°M, N. M, 2, D. C. Pie*** msloM thrw \'<I) Mat* rom Fil es o TK e ornian TEN YEARS AGO(The Callfornlan. this date, 1934) Headlines: Lindbergh Hansom Money Found; Two and a Half Year Hunt for Murderer May Be Rewarded; $13,750 Discovered in Floor at Home; Move Climaxes Series of Mysterious Maneuvers by Authorities. A new market will be opened here Friday morning when Atlantic & Pa- ciflc Tea firm occupies a portion of the new Sill building, corner of KfgJitenth and I streets. Others in the building: are Padre dtug store, Doctor Reeder and Joe Solomon. More than 600 persons have been examined at the county hospital under auspices of Bakersfield Branch, Crippled Children's Society. Wallace Watson has retired as editor of Union Labor Journal. Evelyn Hen dry is at Kern General Hospital suffering from a broken leg n hurt in a car accident. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The California?!, this date 1,924) The same birthday anniversary is handed down In four generations In a local family. Mrs. E. R. VVinne, grandfather were born and Oc- her mother, her great-grandfather tober 26. Betrothal of Miss Caroline Ford to Dr. C. B. ViGario of Oakland was announced at an informal tea at Blue Lantern tea room today. Arthur S. Crites, grand master of Masons of California, was greeted by 3i)0 valley Masons at a meeting in Yisalia last night. Mr. and Mrs. L. G. Pauly have been visiting their daughter and son- in-law. Mr. and Mrs. Al Reinke of San Francisco. Mrs, Reinke and little daughter, Marilyn, will return for a few weeks' visit in the Pauly home. THIRTY YEARS AGO rbe Caltfornian. this date, 5914) Mount Lassen is in its forty-eighth eruption since the pre-historic volcano awoke to new life. May 30. It Is the first that lias been accompanied by an earthquake. The day of fortr is past, war strategists say today. Germans have brought out huge siege guns, long secret, which would demolish any wa 11. Miss Candace Scofield and Arthur Gardiner will be married this evening by the Reverend Edgar Fuller. Miss Egie M. Ashman entertained members of her sewing club this afternoon at her home. Mrs. Ada Crosland has been elected delegate to the Ke.be kah convention in October in San Luis Obispo. Fl)RTY YEARS AGO (The CaKfornlan. this date. 1904) Kern county will get $64,000 Jn "coyote" money. The Supreme Court has decided that scalp claims must be paid. Reorganization of the fire department is under way. The ordinance has passed to its first reading and plans for an engine house with sandstone brick trimmings are accepted. The chief wants another horse on the hose wagon, Assistant Chief Gundlach reporting that at the dye works fire the big gray horse had collapsed under the strain of pulling the heavy wagon. No action was taken. Peter Karageorgevitch will be crowned king of Servia tomorrow, according to advices from Belgrade. A movement is on at Visalia to organize a fish and game protective association. One of the first requests will be legislation making nonresident hunters pay an annual license. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Callfornlan. this date, 1894) At the Maul orchard, James Hunting ton is supervising 50 hands, half of whom are women, in picking, cutting and spreading fruit. Wages average $1,25 per day and the work will last 25 days. C. W. King, mining man from Woody, was a Bakersfield visitor today. L. A. Burton is down from his mines near Woody to take in the Republican meeting. Charles Shurban has moved his family from Bakersfield to Kern. One hundred pupils are In attendance at the public school in Kern City. The faculty is the same with the exception of Miss Celia Burr of Berkeley. F, S. Benson is a Republican nominee for county recorder. SO THEY SAY We are winning the war but the needs of our soldiers, sailors and marines are as great as ever. To supply the demands for the weapons and materials of war calls for continued production so that the battles may end and lives be spared.—President Roosevelt. We are getting some of the finest pilots in the world now. They are far superior to the German pilots, who are deteriorating rapidly—Colonel Don J. M. Blakeslee, Kagle Group commander back from England. No business, not even the business of the great government of the N ews N ews (By PAUL GALLON). WASHINGTON, Sept. 20.—The sure springboards which General MacArthur'a men are seizing now, from which to Jump Into the Philippines and the simultaneous Quebec conference which was wreathed with victory smiles has made the front pages look like we can make short work of Japan. The various routine military planning-announcements here are generally based on expectations of another yeurti A few paragraphs from Kunming telling of our withdrawal from the huge central China front at Kwelin, due to ineffective handling of the Chinese troops, shows the difficulties involved in clearing a haU'-hemi- sphere of Japs. Without making any pretense of special information from the Quebec meeting, it is evident that this final victory involves what the military experts are already calling "a strategic nightmare." In general It looks easy, in detail it will be hard. The Quebec meeting Itself developed no news from admirals and generals who occupied the 700 hotel rooms and the 130 newsmen wrote nothing important. But an earlier war department statement on plans for demobilization laid out a program obviously designed to more vast quantities of our troops from Europe and this country ir.to Eust Asia. This report indicated rather clearly that we intend to do the job of defeating Japan ourselves, and not rely heavily on arming the Chinese. One negative step taken at Quebec indicated also we are not planning a single overwhelming operation as in Europe. Roosevelt and Churchill said they did not consider combining the operations of Mountbatten in Burma, MacArthur toward the Philippines and Nimitz in the central Pacific under a single head. Mountbatten's campaign has not been satisfactory to many military observers, and much talk of his differences in strategic thinking with General StiHwell has been heard. Quebec, by avoiding action, seemed to confirm his leadership. There are some who think Mount- :natten should already have rallied a sufficient British force in India for a large-scale invasion of southern China and Burma, saying this should primarily be a British undertaking because they have the base from which to launch and supply it. Such a prospective campaign might have been expected from a change of commanders, but nothing leaking from Quebec has given its credence. Now MacArthur Is bent on conquest of the Philippines, which is a gigantic undertaking in itself, but the Japanese officials publicly are expecting on their radio a direct, earlier invasion ^f Japan Kself, \Ve think commonly of MacArthur and Nimitz coming up from the south to take Japan, but there are h several ways in, one from our Aleutian outposts in the north or from Russia. Speculations that Russia will declare war on our side immediately* after Germany has fallen are gaining wide publicity. But the Russians have only a guard force facing Man- chukuo which might not wish to undertake a campaign in winter. Also th* bulk of the Red Army will be nearly a third of the way around,the globe in Germany at the end of the European war. Immediately available, even if Russia Joined in, would only be bases, air and naval, from which we might operate. So the plain Inner facts Indicate we will have to do the job ourselves. Churchill, with characteristic factual humor, insisted Britain would not be deprived of the honor of killing Japs, but he mentioned his fleet and air force before land troops, The air force will be of greatest benefit because the fleet is reputed to be on a 1 to 5 ratio with us, a decided departure from the old 5-5 days in which our popular thinking is still grooved. The known facts also seem to say clearly we do not intend to go chasing Japs over east Asia. MacArthur's announced next jump into the Philippines (announced by Mr. Roosevelt) will be short, but the, steps from there to the China bases, Formosa and the southern Japan island will require another separate operation and should not await the conclusion of the Philippine seizure. 1 We can go any place within reach of our air force because what is left of the Jap force is subject to destruction of our supreior power. But the jumps must be limited by our ability to gather necessary forces and supplies. My guess, therefore, is, (again with knowledge) that we are heading straight for Japan as well as the Philippines and Burma; that the reinforcements released from Europe will take a couple of months to get around to Asia; that Russia cannot be of much help before spring, but particularly this—the extinction of the btilk of the Jap army strewn through northern, central and southern China must take at least a year from conclusion of the European hostilities, even if Jap power is definitely broken earlier by occupation of Japan. World eopyriBW. 1044, by Kins Features 8.™- dicnta. Inc. All rlnhts reserved. Jl«produot)on In full or In part strictly prohibited.) skingtton TULB1J1 (By PETER EDSON) The divided reports on what to do about breaking the Little Steel wage stabilization formula, just turned over lo the full National War Labor Board by the six-man, industry-labor- public panels which since last February have been studying A. F. of L. and C. I. O. United Steelworkers 1 . demands for pay increases, augurs no great speed for removal of what is now tne most troublesome political and economic thorn in the administration's side. Fair-minded judges in a fact-finding group have not been able to agree on either the facts or what should be done about them. With all this maze of material before it, the job of the War Labor Board is to harmonize and come up with recommendations for a new wage policy that will please everybody and still not violate the stabilization policy to which the administration is committed. The board may do this solely on the "factual" evidence submitted by the panels, or it may decide that it needs to hear further evidence from the 81 steel companies involved In the Big Steel case, or the representatives of the A, F. of L. and C. J. O. unions which now face pay cuts and want pay raises. Either way, there Is bound to be some further delay in getting a decision. To consider this delay as a mere stall on the part of the poor old War Labor Board would be unfair, though this charge may be made by the labor leaders who have tried lo hold their unions in line while the overworked WLB tried to make up its mind. The board has been'fighting an almost hopeless rearguard action all through the war, trying to hold off the inflationary forces which are opposed to wage stabilization. H«\v much longer the board can continue this delaying action now becomes the big question. If the decision can be postponed until after the election, it will be a good trick, for that will keep the issue where it belongs, which Is out of politico. But almost inescapably, it will be dragged into politics. In. the first place, the Republican platform condemns the freezing of wage rates at arbitrary levels. Second, there have been some indications that A. F. of L. leaders have brought bear on the President and C. I. O. pressure to to have him step into this situation, go over the heads of the War Labor Board and outline a new wage policy. The responsibility of the War Labor Board is to report its recommendations to the President, but there is nothing to prevent the President from moving in first, grabbing the ball and trying to run with it. Anything the President does or doesn't do about tUis situation, he is bound to catch criticism. If the Little Steel formula isn't broken before the election, restless labor may be critical. On the othe.* hand, if wage increases are granted in any form whatever, the cry will be raised by the Republicans that the labor vote is being bought at the politically psychological moment by the grant of an increase in base rates of pay. The closer this decision comes to election day, the greater will be ita political dynamite. T l TD> II "T7* • j he JKeaders' Viewpoint EDITOR'S NOTK—letters should b« limited to 150 words; may attack fdeai but not ptrsons; must not be «hnsi?e and should be written legibly nnd on on« tide of the paper. The Callfoinlan la not responsible for the sentiments contained therein and rteervw* the rUht to reject any letters. Letters must tttar an authentic address and fttgnatur*. although the*f will tw withheld U desired. United Stat can long pursue a GAMBLING IN UNITED STATES Editor The Cailfornian: Thirty-five years ago, New York state, under the leadership of that state's then governor, Charles Evans Hughes, later chief justice of the United States Supreme Court, enacted legislaticn to stop race track gambling. It was popularly known ovpr the nation as the "Hughes law." All the states suffering from the evils of race track gambling, including Califrrnia, passed measures based upon it until race track gambling was outlawed throughout the nation. Here in California the gamblers resorted to the initiative to repeal the anti-gambling law. Their bill was defeated at the general election of November. 1912, by a vcte of 14J»,8«4 for to 353,070 against, u clear majority opposed to such gambling of of knowledge aren't as likely to be I 20:1,206. For 1'5 years therafter, continued policy of spending more than U collects.—Representative Robert L. Doughton (D-N. C-), chairman, ways and means committee. Modern technology with all Its devices for saving labor ami conquering and time can't overcome the limit set to man's capacity for enjoyment.—Dr. Maximilian Beck of Yale University. PEN SHAFTS College students who take seriously the job of climb.'ng- the tree left out on a limb. The general public soon will have army, strike us—if we don't jump. There'll be a lot of silk hats around the peace table, but we hope the diplomats don't talk through them. Rumania finally decided to pick on the side her bread was buttered, not battered on. If it weren't for the large number of luxuries these days, folks could have a lot more necessities. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Does thou know the balancing of the cloudf, the wondrous works of him which is perfect i n kno wl* edge f— Job * * • We often praise the evening clouds, And tints so gay and bold, But seldom think upon our God, Who tinged these clouds with gold. Scott ^ California WHS free of the eviU of legalised race truck baaigling. During th- last 10 years race track gambling, with its attending evils, has come back on a scale unheard of in the old days. . In securing the legislation re- q uired to make this possible, t he gamblers in effect took our state Into partnership, giving the state as its "take" 4 per cent of the wagers for the state fair and exposition fund, and l per cent of the bets totaling $10,000,000 and $20,000,000, with 2 per cent of all bets beyond $20.000,000 total, for the general fund. Betting at the Bay Meadows track near my home for the 1943-1944 spring and fall meetings (129 days) totaled $49,393 136, Of this amount, the utate's share was $2,372,392, small, indeed, for toleration of a gambling establishment carrying on almost $5,000,000 of business in 129 days, an average of $382,117 a dny. To get the bettor* to the track re* quired gasoline needed for the war effort. To man the e«tabli«hment required labor at a time when the bottom of the barrel was being scraped for manpower for army, navy and war industries. And over all was the demoralizing effects of wholesale gambling. Such conditions are, however, now apparently tolerated throughout the nation. With return of wholesale gambling has come the return of the saloon with an intoxicating drink bill for the nation of $6,000,000,000 for 1943. And all within 10 years. More and more persistently the question is being asked; What are th» influences in the background that make such things possible? Sincerely, FRANKLIN HIGHBORN. Santa Clara, Calif. in the United DEPRESSION'S tor The Californian; In answer to Cold Logic. I wish to recap the facts as stated bureau pf labor statistics, States Department of Labor. Since the birth of the Republican party in 1801, the Republican party has been in power 80 years. 39 of these years, ending up with the blackest depression the nation has ever seen, in 1932. The remaining 62 .years from 1800 to 1832 were under Democratic and Whig rule. The Whig party waa in six years ahd three years were depression years. The re- rnaining 46 years were under Democratic leadership, with 14 years depression. President Roosevelt took office at the deepest point of the depression and charts show that we steadily climbed out of the pit and were out of the depression In 1940. And we are still on top. Now, Mr. Cold Ix>gic, >ou ask us to elect a Republican so we ca n enter the traditional depression, as history proves the Republican party to be a depression party. No, thanks, I'll take Roosevelt. MORB COLD LOGIC. ,• .- .<

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