The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on March 27, 1963 · Page 7
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 7

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Ottawa, Kansas
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Wednesday, March 27, 1963
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Page 7
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Conservation Comments Opportunity In Idle Acres By IRVIN F. ROSS Work Unit Conservationist With approximately 500 farms in Franklin County signed up to participate in the 1963 Feed Grain Program, there are some 10,000 acres that will be growing no crop for harvest this fall. This open ground affords a wonderful opportunity for the installation of needed conservation practices. Of course a part of this acreage is already being cared for, but there will be a good man)' fields subject to the ravages of wind and water with little or no protection. If you are participating in £KT the program and j have one of these fields needing attention, then plan ; now to take care of it. In some cases the needed waterways al- i^,, ready are established and waiting for the terraces. If not, then the waterways could be built now and be ready for terracing at a later time when the field is out of a crop. Unfortunately, not all of the needed and wanted practices can be built exactly when the owner wants them. Technical assistance from the Soil Conservation Service is limited; therefore, work must be scheduled in advance. Also, the conservation contractors who normally do the bulk of this work cannot get to every job just when they would like to. However, by doing a little advance planning, and making your needs known to our office and your contractor, your work can be completed with a minimum of delay. How much better to get the work done now, while the land is idle, than to interfere with the field crops at a later time. In addition the benefits of the conservation practices will begin to show when the land is returned to cultivation. Many of the recently completed waterways over the county remain to be seeded. These are of immediate concern, and every effort should be made to complete the seeding as soon as pos- sible. Bear in mind that these late seeded waterways will need a bit of extra attention and care. Weeds and annual grasses will be germinating along with the grass seed. As the season progresses, the undesirable growth will need to be controlled by careful mowing. At no time must the new grass seedlings be denied sunlight and moisture. Mowing will reduce the competition and allow the favored grasses to emerge. In addition to the competing plant growth, there will be serious erosion problems should there be an extended wet spring season. As the tiny gullies appear they will need to be taken care of before they do serious damage to the waterway. A few hours of maintenance can often be the key to a well established sod waterway. Can Reseal To Extend Grain Loans Gilbert W. Egbert, chairman of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation state committee, has announced a broad reseal program under which farmers can continue price support loans on four farm-stored grains after loan maturity dates this spring They also will be able to con vert purchase agreements on the 1962 crop farm-stored grains to reseal loans. Storage payments are made to producers on grains under reseal. The amounts of such pay ments will be announced later Grains for which reseal farm stored loans will be available include 1962 crop wheat, barley oats and grain sorghums; 196] crop barley, oats and grain sorghums; 1960 crop wheat and grain sorghums, and 1959 crop wheat. Reseated loans on 1961 crop wheat will run for another year under the 2-year program announced in 1962. An announcement regarding the extent of any reseal program on corn will be made later. Farmers who wish to reseal their farm-stored grains under loan should apply to their ASCS county offices before loan maturity dates. Maturity dates for the four grains are March 31 for wheat and grain sorghum and April 30 for barley and oats. As in the past, reseal will not be offered on any 1962 crops put under price-support loans as a result of relaxed eligibility provisions, 4-H Notes Bill Ding Says... We are the Franchisee! Dealer For Pruden Clear Span Framed Buildings in this Area. CLEAR SPAN FRAMED BUILDINGS IDEAL FOR FARM SHELTER and COST L£SS than you expect to pay/ You «et mere srrwngfn, /•<* wtWgnr, lower cost wlrh feudM-expert •n 0 /n*«rin 9 fiwfrm rhe tfifformtce. Pruden Cltar Span Framed Building• offer the widest versa. tUity for agriculture shelters. Theyare ideal formachinesheds, poultry houses, loafing barns, garages, hog farrowing houses, •nd many other needs such as school but cancel, track tar- to roof. Standard widths are 30, 40,50 and 60 feet, and buildings can be any length. You receive best value with a Pruden Framed Building because you can incorporate all building materials, each to its •ehool but garages, track ter« best advantage. Building may be mlnals, warehouses, fair build- —'—-• -"* • "'*-'-• ings, etc. Pruden Cltar Span feature affords unobstructed interiors from waH to wall and from floor enclosed with wood, steel, aluminum, asbestos, block or other materials. Many roof materials are used. Pruden Buildings are most versatile | UBBARDLUMBCK Judging School April 6 By ROSS NELSON 4-H Agent The district home economics judging school will be April 6. This annual event will be in the student union on the University of Kansas campus. Each of the 19 4-H Clubs may enter four older girls. Registration will be in the ballroom at 8:30 a.m., and assembly at 9 a.m. Classes will be judged from 9:30 to 11 a.m. Lunch will be at 11, and t h e groups will reassemble at 12:15 to re- c e i v e the placings and discussion. The afternoon program will be presented by Mrs. Beverly Ann Moyer, a representative of McCalls Pattern Company, Kansas City. All present are urged to stay for the program. Those interested in attending this event should contact their community leader. Each club will furnish its own transportation. This Saturday, 4-H members interested in dairy judging will go to Strickler's Dairy, lola, for the first judging this year. I plan to take one car and leave the courthouse at 8:30 a.m. If you need a ride or have room for extra members, please contact me. The Junior Leaders will meet Thursday evening at 7:30 p.m. in the junior high room of the First Methodist Church for their monthly meeting. This will be the second meeting of manners. All Junior Leaders are urged to attend. Sorghum Gone Wild And Playing Havoc By DON BROWN Agricultural Agent I know that most farmers of Franklin County are familiar with black amber cane. I thought you would be interested in this discussion. Shattercane — also known as wild black amber, wild cane, and scattercane — is a serious weed problem in many river bottoms, bottomland terraces and on some uplands. It especially is troublesome along the R e p u b 1 i- can River and its tributaries. It has been reported or noted in most eastern Nebraska counties from Kansas to South Dakota. Sh a t t e r- cane principally is black amber sorghum tha has gone wild. There has been much crossing with other sor ghums, resulting in strains wit broad genetic background. It ha become a weed primarily becaus it thrives under the. same condi tions as our most important row crops, corn and sorghum. A survey in the fall of 1961 indi cated that shattercane was introduced by actual plantings, scat tered by livestock and birds, ir rigation water, flood waters, scat tered along highways and was an adapted strain. Seed dissemination has been 75 Families IFYE Hosts More than 75 Kansas families have an opportunity to be hos to an International Farm Youth Exchangee this summer. Twenty-five exchangees, r u r a youths from other countries, are assigned to the Sunflower State for 1963. Each will spend approximately three weeks each with three families in the state. County extension agents have details and application blanks for those interested in becoming host families. Scheduling of the ex changees is planned by Tomkinson in cooperation with the extension agents. gaslight A MONTH PER LIGHT NOTHING DOWN* NO INTEREST NO CARRYING CHARGES OF ANY KINO Choose from those three 6as Lights... and buy on special terms now in effect for a limited time only! It's the perfect time to add charm to your home ... and all-night protection against prowlers. £| The Homesteader adds beauty to any home (white finish), g The Downtowner combines traditional with modern (black finish), g] Chirmflow (model 100) with traditional styling, (black finish over copper). All three available with double or single mantles Only $47 Plus Tax OTHER MODELS PRICED AT ONLY $45 Plus T*» Pricei include pott, Installation, with up to SO (t. of plpt. See any Company employee or visit our office THE OAS SERVICE CO. Ntlurtt Ota for Homt, Butintu tnd Induitry made possible through corn pickers and other mechanical means, livestock and birds, flood waters, irrigation water, cultivation, volunteer plants and seed houses. The length of time shattercane seed may remain viable in the soil has varied from approximately three years (five tests), ap- proximagely five years (six tests) and three tests indicated from 10 to 20 years. Some of the losses other than crop yields include soybeans eliminated from rotation, added expense for control, change to lower value crops, harvesting problems, interference with irrigation, depletion of soil moisture, crop contamination and nuisance and inconvenience. Control measures most successful include hand cutting, chopping, hoeing, grubbing; wheat or other small grain in rotation; seeding alfalfa or alfalfa rotation; summer fallow; cultification; chemical (Eptam). Corn yield losses due to shatterecane infestations ran from $10.29 per acre to as high as $63.27 per acre. Heavy infestations of shattercane in corn reduced the yield of corn from 136 bushels per acre to 69 bushels per acre. These determinations were made by the agronomists and county agents. •Research is underway on several aspects of the shattercane problem. Basic studies have been initiated on relationships between plant behavior and climate, life history and seed longevity in the soil. The research involves clipping and planting at regular intervals, burying of seed and germination studies. When proper conditions for germination are present, most of the seed will start growth the spring or early summer following its production. Like many other plants the shorter daylight hours of early fall hasten plant development when growth starts in mid to late summer. Shattering characteristics of wild cane collections have been compared with forage sorghum—25 per cent showed defi nite shattering. Seed viability at various stages of development after bloom, tiller- ing, lodging, etc., are receiving attention. Greenhouse herbicide trials are being conducted to determine their effectiveness on control of shattercane. County agent test demonstrations indicated that Eptam used during 1962 showed profitable increases in yield due to treatment in seven out of nine trials. Chemical cost was approximately $10.50 per acre. THE OTTAWA HERALD Wednesday, March 87, 19« PROTEIN PEP Strongheart Dog Food helps your dog gtt mor» fun out of life. It's Real Meat to liven him up with plenty of protein. Choict of Btof or Llvcrl From Your Full-Service Bank LAND FORMING IS GAINING in most farm areas. By leveling and smoothing surface soils, drainage is improved. Where drainage has been a problem, up to 25% increase in yields can come the first year. Irregular field surface is often the reason larger machinery can't be used efficiently. Land forming will solve this problem and can often improve land value enough to offset the cost. Discuss the possible benefits for your farm with your Soil Conservation technicians. WHAT SIZE DAIRY HERD? Of course, there is no one answer to fit all dairy farms, but experiment station figures show'that increasing herd size does increase efficiency and profits up to a certain level. On the average, costs are lowest and profits highest with about 40 cows if you have a stanchion barn. With loose housing and a milking parlor, you*- most efficient level is about 55 milking cows. COMPENSATE FOR LOW GERMINATING SEED by using higher planting rates. Yields are determined by the number of vigorous seedlings in the field, not by the number of seed planted. For example, seed oats testing 90% germination should be drilled at the rate of 80 to 90 pounds per acre. If seed tests only 70% to 80%, you will need 110 to 130 pounds, or nearly a bushel per acre more. TRACE ELEMENTS ARE IMPORTANT BUT . . . they aren't recommended by most experiment stations unless you know you have a specific trace element shortage. If you're having trouble getting high yields, check with your extension agent. In most cases ''e can tell you in advance if there is likely to be a trace element shortage in your area. Farmers, may we suggest that you save your time by banking by mail at PEOPLES. It's so easy, convenient and the time you will save can be valuable at this time of year. Meet Your Friends at "The Friendly Bank" The Peoples Notional BANK OF OTTAWA Chartered in 1871 Factual •attrltl fcattJ n hifot»»M«e •elltvte' la to ecnrett tot •« auirnMei •V DOANE AGRICULTURAL SERVICE INC.. ST. LOUIS. Get MORE! Get a QUARTER MORE THAN 41 AT ANCHOR SAVINGS YOUR MONEY IS SAFE INSURED by the Federal Savings and Lean Insurance Corporationl AT ANCHOR SAVINGS YOUR MONEY EARNS Current Annual Dividends Cempeundtd Stint-Annually AT ANCHOR SAVINGS YOUR MONEY GIVES YOU .. peace of mind . . . financial security and a way to have the things that mean better living for you and your familyl 7 HAHPV OFFICES TO SERVE YOU e. SAVE .T MAIL 235 South Main 731 Minnesota Avenue Kansas City, Kansas 5601 Johnson Drive Mission, Kansas 8017 Floyd Overland Park, Kansas Ottawa, Kansas 3740 West 95th Street Leawood, Kansa» 737 Massachusetts Lawrence, Kansas 115 South Kansas Olathe, Kansas anchor SAVINGS ASSOCIATION 1 Harry T. West,

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