The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 20, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Wednesday, September 20, 1944
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TANK FIG Yanks Conquer Angaur in Palau Group THE WKATIIKR Temperature* High ypslprday ... SI Low today 51 Rainfall Season (All-port) _ T Vcmd aso (Airport) T HTOHOII (Land Company) T Year affo (Luml Company) T Foreran! Slowly IncrcasiiiB rloudlnoss today: slightly warmer Thursday with scattered nhowera over the mountains. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1944 12 PAGES No. 44 Nazis to Fight for Finlcmd Soviet Troops March Into Country to Enforce Harsh Armistice; Reds in Sight of Riga as Armies Crack German Defenses LONDON, Sept. 20. <U.R>—Germany announced her intention tonight of fighting for northern Finland, following, if necessary, a scorched earth policy, and disclosed that both Nazi and Russian troops had pushed across the eastern Finnish frontier. The German DNB Agency, quoting an announcement from the Nazi high command, proclaimed northern Finland a battle zone and placed the blame for the Soviet- German conflict on Finnish soil in Helsinki's willingness to negotiate with Moscow. Finland broke relations today with German puppet states Hungary, Croatia and Slovakia. GERMANS QUELL MOSCOW, Sept. 20. (U.E)—Red army forces were within sight of Riga today as three powerful armies totaling nearly 1,000,000 men cracked German defenses along a 170-mile front to virtually close a trap on tens of thousands of Nazi troops in the Baltics. The drive on Riga was spearheaded by units of General Ivan D. Bagramian's First Baltic Army which swept up through southern Latvia, took the big rail junction of Banska, and advanced 28 miles northward to Kekava, which is jus south of the capital. German forces fought fiercely with tanks and artillery all alon the *ront, extending to the Estonia: border, while falling back stendilj before the huge Russian offensive. The heaviest battles were wagei In the Riga area, where Bagramian brought his main forces within miles of the capital and sent armored spearheads thrusting northward along the Dvina river toward thi gull' of Riga. On a parallel line just north o •Bagramian's forces, the Second Bal •tic Army, under General Andrei I Teremenko, was driving eastwarc along a 14-mile front on the nortl bank of the Dvina. Storm Into Plavinas One salient stormed into the big rail, road and river center of Pla vines, 6 miles east of Riga, and plunged 4 miles ahead to Klintene while another column captured Irshi ft the northern end of Yeremenko's lines, 52 miles east of the Latvian capital. Farther north, on the Latvian-Es tonian border, General Ivan I. Mas> lennikov's Third Baltic Army was driving a two-pronged force toward the Baltic. One force knocked oul the key German base of Valga, SC miles northeast of Riga, then crossed the Gaugene river and established several bridgeheads on the west bank. Meantime, Marshal Rodion Y. Ma- llnovsky's Second Ukrainian Army broke into the Muresul river valley to reach the wide plains southeast of Hungary, with the capture of Timi- Boara, 30 miles from the border. REDS ENFORCE STERN ARMISTICE ON FINLAND STOCKHOLM, Sept. 20. (UR)— Russian troops marched into Finland today to enforce on that twice- defeated country a stern armistice calling for large territorial and cash reparations and, according to an authoritative source, complete Isolation for at least two months. Deputy Premier Ernst Von Born, In a somber radio address to the Finnish people last night, revealed part of the price they must pay for the German alliance that brought them to war with Russia for the fecond time in five years. Born announced only eight of the 23 points of the armistice agreement signed in Moscow yesterday. ' Calls Terms Harsh * He described the armistice bitterly us one of the harshest ever imposed upon a beaten nation, but urged his people to accept it and try to create a basis for friendly relations with 4 their conquerors. Among the unannounced terms, the United Press was informed, was Continued (in Page Six Pat Dane Wielded Knife, Says Jon Hall HOLLYWOOD, Sept. 20. (UP.)— Actor Jon Hall named Pat Dane, the beautiful wife of Band Leader Tommy Dorsey, as the wielder of a knife which carved up his classic features during a none-too-gay Hollywood party, a transcript of grand jury testimony revealed today, The actor's accusations were Included in the 100-page document filed in the county clerk's office, thereby making public added details of the now famed tree-for-all fight at the Doreey's luxurious Sunset >Rlaza apartment. After hearing Hall's story, the grand Jury indicted Miss Dane, Dor- gey and Sportsman Allen Smiley on charges of assault by means and force likely to do great bodily injury. That bodily Injury, said Hall, included an almost-severed nose, a •lashed neck and various bruises and contusions y POLICE CHIEF, STATE SECRETARY INTERNED NEW YORK, Sept. 20. UP)— The Germans, with memories of the part the Paris police strike played in the liberation of the French capital, have sent 1700 Danish police officials and policemen to Germany to internment. STOCKHOLM, Sept. 20. (UP)— Order was reported restored in Copenhagen today after German troops quelled an uprising which involved clashes with Danish police resisting internment and a pitched bottle outside the royal palace, where seven German sailors were killed and a palace .official was wounded seriously. The Swedish Telegraph Agency reported, in a Copenhagen dispatch, that Danish State Secretary Evivind Larsen, Police Chief K. Begsgrup- Hansen and Police Director P. Stamm had been interned at Gestapo headquarters. State of Emergency The dispatch said that all Danish policemen under 56 years old had been interned on ships in the Copenhagen harbor. Policemen over BG were released. (The German Transocean News Agency announced today that a state of emergency had been declared in Denmark and that the Danish police force had been suspended.) The Danish liberation council announced thai a general slrike which began al noon yesterday would end today. The agency appealed to Danes to remain calm "since the hour of open resistance had not yet arrived. CONGRESS RECESS NEAR— With completion by Congress of action on a four-way program to gear the country to victory in Kurope, Speaker Sam Rayburn (D-Texas) today expressed hope that Congress would recess later this week. FLOOD SWEEPS EAST RICHMOND, Va., Sept. 20. (UP.)— Floodwaters sftept down the James, Roanoke, and Dan rivers today, threatening low-lying communities with submersion, after destroying 210 highway bridges in the past 24 hours and taking a heavy toll of late farm crops in the western part of the state. BILL FOR PEACE CHANGESfASSES CONGRESS COMPLETES DEMOBILIZATION ACTION WASHINGTON, Sept. 20. Up}— Ac tlon on a four-way congressional program designed to gear the country to the end of war hi Europe was completed today. ' The House, by overwhelming voice vote, sent to President Roosevelt's desk a "states rights" demobilization and reconversion bill—last major tern In the general pattern—and Speaker Rayburn (D-Texas) expressed the hope that Congress would recess later this week until after the November elections. Many lawmakers already had left "Washington. Mandate on Army The demobilization and reconver- sion legislation includes a specific mandate on the demobilization of the armed forces when men are no longer needed for fighting. It declares: "The war and navy department shall not retain persons in the armed forces for the purpose of preventing unemployment or awaiting opportunity for employment." Under this bill control of unemployment insurance is left entirely in the hands of the states, and at House insistance the bill was shorn of Senate provisions for back home travel pay, up to $200 a family, for war workers and unemployment insurance for 3,100,000 federal workers was eliminated. ,Chairman George (D-Ga.) of the Senate postwar committee, said "we have done everything we can now to prepare for the collapse of Germany," and added. To Supplement Program "We have drawn a general program for the release of wartime economic controls and a return to our free enterprise system and the American ways of life. We shall supplement and improve this program to meet developments, and as additional facts are clear to us." The program embraces: I. Creation of an office of war mobilization and reconversion, to co-ordinate the program for shifting from war to a peacetime economy. This legislation maintains "states Continued on PHBB Six World League to Depend on 'Big Four" No-Fight Pledge WASHINGTON, Sept. 20. (UP) — The planners of the new "League of Nations" have tentatively assumed. t was revealed today, that the new world security organization will be called upon to meet only two probable sources of aggression in the foreseeable future—neither involving the big four. The two sources of aggression which the new league must be prepared to meet with force, if necessary, would be attempted rearma- nent by Germany and Japan, and in attempt at aggression by one of he Fascist-type governments which may survive the defeat of the Axis. Can't Stop "Big Four" Counting on the Moscow declara- ion pledge of the big four not to use their armed forces outside their own borders without consultation with the other signatories, the plan lers were understood to have agreed entatlvely that the new organtza- ion could not, if it wished, stop ane of the biij powers from embark- ng on aggression with measures hort of all-out war. The tentative plan reached at the Dumbarton Oaks security confer- nee and based on the American Ian, it was understood, had taken his realistic approach: 1. The success of any new league i dependent for some decades on he continued co-operation of the big our. By R. H. SHACKFORI) United Press Slnff Correspondent 2. If the big four fall apart, the new league will fall apart. S, If one of the big four decides to embark on world aggression, there will be another world war. •1. If the question of stopping aggression by one of the big four arises, there therefore will be no question about a war declaration by Congress, to say nothing of the necessary appropriations, Outlined by Senators This approach was outlined in the Senate yesterday by Senators Joseph H. Ball (R-Mln.), Harold H. Burton (R-Ohio), and Carl Hatch <D-N. M.)— three members of the Ball-Burton- Hatch-Hill Senate group. They were the original sponsors of a resolution for a world organization to keep peace through an international police force. The "B2-H2" • Senators now have their unequivocal support behind the security plan sponsored by Secretary of State Cordeil Hull—a plan which they admit is not 'as advanced aj» their own. But their attitude was expressed by Ball, who told the Senate: "The agreements being hammered out at Dumbarton Oaks may be far from what I would like had I the chance to write them. But I have had my say long ago. I have exerted whatever small Influence I might, and now I support the beet agreements which can be reached." Marines Hold Half of Peleliu Yanks Hold Most of Angaur; Philippines Get Big U. S. Air flow *> \ By Associated Preia ^ UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR, Sept. 20. W)—The Eighty-first Infantry has completely captured little Angaur island, southernmost of the Palau group. The conquest came yesterday afternoon when, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz said, in a coiniiiuuitiiic, organized Japanese resistance ceused, but "mopping up operations" are proceeding. | The conquest required S'/i duys. Elements of the Eighty-iirst landed on N o-inile-squure wooded coral island, Saturday morning and progressed steadily south. They encountered relatively light opposition from an estimated 1000 Japanese defenders. Remnants of the Japanese garrl- 9011 undoubtedly scattered., thrtuigh heavily wooded portions of the Island, but so few and broken up that it is believed they can offer only sniper resistance. There was no further word from Peleliu, 6 miles north where, the First Marines are meeting bitter, I fanatical Japanese resistance. Approximately half of Peleliu has fallen already to the marines. The first bis raid on the Philippines since the twin invasions of Morotai and the Palaus indicated today the "battle of the approaches" has roared into a new phase on the jonth. At the Morotal, within 300 miles of the southern Philippines, today's report implied that newly acquired base already is throwing punches at the primary objectives of General Douglas MaeArthur. For the first I time, he listed attacks by Mitchell medium bombers, which go down to treetop height and wreak methodical destruction. . Fires Spread They spread fires over the airdrome and piers at Bua.vaii on that portion of Mindanao which is nearest to Morotai. In a communique last night at Pearl Harbor, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced that Eighty-first Division troops hold two-thirds of Angaur, southernmost of the Palaus, and have pocketed remnants of the small Japanese garrison. On heavily-defensed Peleliu island, marine captors of the prized airdrome were credited In official reports with controlling most of the east coast but found the going rough against Japanese pillbox and trench positions in the» center and on the west. That covered developments through Monday, United States time (Tuesday at the Invasion scene). Hold All But Tip (Today, Palau time, in a Blue Network broadcast from Peleliu, John Cooper, representing the combined Moostricht \BELGIUM Uege Nomur • froiil • J»- . . • .-.•../.;.•. I.-....-: —I'alirnrnian-XEA Telcphoto HITLER IN COMMAND—Announcement was made today that Hitler has taken personal command of the battle of Germany as British troops and the Allied ail borne army in the Netherlands threatened to drive around the Siegfried Line for Berlin. The Dutch cities of Nijmegen and Eindhoven have fallen to the Allies and evidence of Hitler tactics was found when robot bombs crashed along the Meuse river line. INDISPENSABLE MAN" IMPOSSIBLE IN REPUBLIC,^EWEYTELLS CROWD G. 0. P. CANDIDATE TO DISCUSS FREEDOM, SECURITY IN S. F.; HAS TWO NARROW ESCAPES By JACK BELL PORTLAND. Ore.. Sepl. 20. (/PI—The special train of Governor Thomas K. Dewey left for San Francisco at 11 :11 a. in., Pacific war time, today sifter u rousing reception by crowds in front of the Republican 50,001 club. Dewey, unruffled by two escapes yesterday from serious injury, reviewed a speech to ho delivered. in San Francisco tomorrow night! XT 1 T^ 1 outlining the Republican program I J^ U.Q.6 .DOCTV of Wealthy Widow Found COMPANION THREATENED WITH PNEUMONIA AFTER 9-DAY DRINKING PARTY British Patrols Enter Germany at Nijmegen Germans Hurl Crack Troops Into Reckless Counterattacks Slowing Allied Advance; Victory This Year Sure, Says Montgomery By VIRGIL PIXKLEY SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 20. (U.E)—American and German tanks were locked, in battle on both the First and Third Army fronts in France and Germany today, while to the north armored patrols were believed to have made the first British penetration of Germany east of the Dutch stronghold of MfcuflzT GOTHIC LINE of "freedom and security for all." Cheered lustily for his assertion hero last night that there is no "indispensable man," the G. O. I'. presidential nominee promised to tell tomorrow's audience "the phii- osopy by which I believe we can achieve our two great goals for America, freedom and securily for all." Without referring to a train wreck which had delayed his arrival for several hours or to a narrow escape when the auto bringing him here swerved to avoid a truck, Uewey told a cheering crowd of about 7000 persons in the Ice Coliseum here that in the making of "a people's peace" there could be no "indispensable man." His campaign train was repaired overnight so that he could resume his journey south today. Statement Cheered A sympathetic throng rose to Its feet, stamping the wooden floor underneath and yelling itself hoarse last night when ho declared: "Let's have no more prelen.se about indispensable men. There are no indispensable men. If our republic after 150 years of self-Rovern- American networks, said the leather- | ment Is dependent upon the endloi-s necks have seized all but the north tip of the island. He said the portion still in enemy hands did not present too serious a problem and already naval shelling of Nipponese positions has been discontinued. (Cooper reported the Japanese have not been able to get a single plane Continued on Page Six Frenchman Accused of Inventing Robot LONDON, Sept. 20. (UP)—The Dally Mall today reported that Georges Claude, French scientist, had been arrested at Nancy and charged with being the inventor of the German V-l flying bomb. Claude, who invented the neon light, was said to be a Royalist and one of the earliest French collaborators. German flying bombs landed in southern England and the London area again early today, causing some casualties and damage. BASEBALL AMERICAN .LEAG IE At Detroit— R. H. E. NEW YORK 271 DETROIT 8 12 0 Batteries: Queen, Bevens and Oarbark; Trout «nd Swift. XATIONAL'LEAGIK At Brooklyn— R. II. E. PITTSBURGH .... 271 BROOKLYN 1 « 2 Batteries: Strincevich and Lopez; Wj),Js, Webber and Owen. continuance of one man in office, then the hopes which animated the men who fought for the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution have indeed come to nothing." "The peace we seek," he declared, "must not hang by the slender thread of personal acquaintance of any two or three men. The pages of history are littered with treaties proclaiming permanent peace made privately by rulers of nations and quickly broken. "This cause is too important to be trusted to discredited methods or to Coiiilnuc-d on Page Six F L~A~S~HE S HEADS LEGION CHICAGO, Sept. 20. (^—Edward N. Schelberling, Albany, .. N. y., attorney who served as an infantry captain in World War 1, was elected national commander of the American Legion today to succeed Warren H. Athertoii of Stockton. M N BEATEN SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 20. (UP) Police today searched for James Rubadue, 21-year-old escapee of the Stockton State Asylum, who was identified -by Sister PerpeUm as the man who beat her with his f.ists yesterday at the entrance of the Mission Dolores Catholic School. PLANES BLAST BIDAI'EST LONDON, Sept. 20. UB—Up to 750 Italy-based heavy bombers blasted rail facilities near- Budapest and elsewhere in Hungary today and flew deep into Czechoslovakia to support the Russian armies in an attack on an airfield. HOLLYWOOD, Sept. 20. (UP) — Milton Smith, graying Colorado attorney, today was near death from pneumonia and alcoholism, the effects of nine days of drinking with a wealthy Denver widow who died quarter-way through the spree. .Smith's condition was reported critical at General Hospital whore he was held an a material witness in the death of Mrs. Helen Brady Brock, -In. Nude anil lifeless, Mrs. Brock's body was found slumped on a .silk- covered twin bed in her luxurious Hollywood apartment yesterday. She had been dead two days, police said. Around her. in wild disaray, were strewn the mute evidence of prolonged debauchery. On the ail- joining bed lay Smith, nude anil ^unconscious, also suffering from alcoholism. i Nijmegen. Al least 71 German tanks were knocked out in two sectors alone, first reports of the armored battles said. Field dispatches said milling tanks were slugging it out northeast of Xiiney and that United States' armor hud knocked out 'Jti of 41 attacking German tanks southwest, of Bitburg, German town 10 miles north of Trier. The flareup on the First and Third Army fronts coincided with a disclosure by Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery that Adolf Hitler had taken direct command of the defense of the Reich. More Airborne Troops The Allied First Airborne Army fanning through eastern Holland in concert with the British Second Army was supplied again today by air, but news of it wus skimpy. The British were battling through the streets of Nijmegen and were, believed to have senl small spearheads across the Nazi frontier 3 miles to the east. United Press War Correspondent Robert C. Richards reported in a dispatch filed from the Third Army front at 7 p. in. that an armored battle of the first rank was going on between Chateau Sulins and Moyenvic. Moyenvic, 1C miles northeast of Nancy, and Luueville, 12 miles southeast of Nancy, were captured yesterday, Richards reported. I'atton's tanks knocked out -10 German Tiger tanks in the vicinity of Athenville yesterday, Richards said. Artillery bagged ;i more, and (i prob- ables were credited to our armor, Tanks us Pillboxes At Chateau Kalins, road junction 17 miles northeast of Nancy, the Nazis were using tanks as pillboxes in the northeast part of the, town and fighting desperately to keep from being pushed out. TCI the north on Lieutenant-General Courtney II. Hodges' First Army front, United Press War Correspondent Jack Frankish said the Germans were counterattacking in several sectors. They were using flume throwers on sonic fields, Franki.sh said, and big scale engagement of amor was indicated by his report that 2S of •!! enemy tanks, mostly Mark IVs with a few Mark Vs and Vis. were knocked out southwest of Bitburg. which is 12 miles Inside Germany. In the sairu; Hitbiirg sector, Frank- isli said in a late dispatch from First Army headquarters, the Americans pulled back somewhat from the nose of their deepest salient pushed intn Germany from Luxembourg. The dispatch emphasized that the. withdrawal was nut made under enemy pressure, and was designed to lake advantage of better terrain. The battle for Solberg. industrial city ."> miles east of Aachen, hail become ;i Cassirio-llke struggle, with Continued on Pace Six DEFENSES STRONGEST FOUND IN ITALY FIGHT ROME, Sept. 20. WR—American troops of the Fifth Army have breached the Germans' Gothic Line on a 6-mile front above ..^Florence after a week of intensive fighting and struck within three miles of the important road center of Firenzuola, headquarters announced today. Storming steep mountain slopes, American troops won the heights of Castel Guerrino and LaCroce and penetrated well into the heart of the Gothic defenses 22 miles northeast of Florence. Front line dispatches to the United States Army newspaper Stars and Stripes said the gain through the rugged mountains "cost us an uncomfortable number of losses." On the east coast, units of the British Eighth Army battered to within rifle range of Rimini, gateway to the Po valley. Army Kits Detect Poison Gas Presence 500 VOLUNTEERS COMMENDED FOR TESTING PROTECTIVE OINTMENT Captured Nazi Plot for Third Paper Reveals World War WASHINGTON, Sept. 20. <UR— The army, revealing details of several now chemical warfare weapons, said today that new portable kits for detecting presence of poison pases "are now in quantity production" at plants in St. Paul, -Minn., and New York City. Thy kits consist of a suction pump anil scores of tiny tubes, each containing a chemical sensitive to a specific kind of gas. The operator, holding the pump close to the ground, draws air samples into each tube until he discovers what gas is present. The war department revealed that 500 army volunteers have been commended for services beyond the call of duty by voluntarily exposing themselves to lethal gases tu test a new anti- gas protective ointment. It said the tests established conclusively that the so-called M-5 protective ointment or "gasprtof makeup kits" will effectively prevent ill effects it' the enemy employs Bas. NKW YOKK, Sept. 20. UP)—'['he | German high command Is urging I Nazi-minded generals to .save themselves and their subordinates down to the rank of company commanders as u nucleus for an army to launch a third war aimed at winning world leadership, a copyrighted front dispatch to the New York Herald- Tribune declared today. War Correspondent Joseph Driscoll, with American forces in Germany, said "proof of this plot to reconstruct the Germany Army" was found in a secret document bearing the Imprimatur of the supreme command of the armed forces of the Reich. It was prepared for distribution to Nazi-sympathizing generals down to division leaders, he said. Officers Valuable Driscoll quoted the document as saying: "Every member of the armed force must know that it is absolutely necessary to save the officers corps for the reconstruction of the fatherland. The German officer Is too valuable to bo sacrificed, especially In hopeless situations. The officers' salvation through retreat Is in the interest of the country. "It was (he German officers corps which must promoted Germany tn be the world power in the first attempt ' In .1914-11)18. It wus this «imi! offi eers corps which reconstructed Ger- I many for the second attempt to lead ! the world. It has been foreseen that this second attempt could fail. The present turn of the war forces us to be extremely conservative with expending our officer material Later Fight "Our final and complete victory was so certain even u short while ago that we can prepare ourselves with fresh courage for a new later fight. In order to prepare for this unavoidable third contest for leadership of the world expertly, we need our officers. At all times we have found troops in sufficient quantities. "Therefore, care has to be taken continuously so that the officers corps be maintained at the present strength. At the same time, certain company commanders are to be selected to remain with troops and even to sacrifice themselves, if necessary. Such examples are necessary for maintaining the morale of the troops. Division commanders will select junior officers who are to die a hero's death " Index lo Advertisers Page K. Laundry . John W.... 4 4 4 3 Ahruins. Dr. II Arvin Theater Booth's Brock's Citizens Culllton logger's Firestone Stores Flickingei-Digier 10 Fox Theaters 11 Granada Theater 11 Ivers Furniture 2 Judds 4 Karpe, E. F 3 KEKN 8 KPMC 8 KPO 8 Lawson's 4 Lim, T 4 Montgomery Ward 2. Pacific Finance 5 Phillips Music Co —, 2 Riulto Theater '. 11 Kiver Theater 11 Safeway - _ 2 Sears Roebuck 1 5 Union Cemetery T, W Victory Foods Fair it Virginia Theater «4l Weilt's M « Whelden's Market ...,.,_„....„.„,,„, 3

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