The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 19, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

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Tuesday, September 19, 1944
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/ Tuesday, September 19, 1944 Cbitonal JJage of Pafeersfiefo Caltforntan ALFRED H ABB EM. tOITOI 1ND POILIIBII gfc $aktf*fit(t Entered In pott office at Bakersfield, California, as second class mall under the act ot Congress March 3. 187!>. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusive); entitled to ihe use for ruhlirn- tlon of ail news dispatches credited to It or not otbcnvis- credited In this pai>er, and aler the local news published therein The B*Jterifleld Californlan Is also a client of the I'niiert Tress and rcccivm its complete wire service. ' "^REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co., Inc. New York. Chicago, San FrattrlKco, Los. Angeles. Seattle. Portland. Denver WASHINGTON. D C. EURRAI; The Haskln Service. Washington, D. C By carrier or mall (In advance> in postal zonr* one, tw per month. S.ic: six months, iri.lf): on? yeiir. t'J ('0. Ky postal tones four to eight, per month. $1 05. o. three. y mail In HOLLAND INVASION W m;\ the "masterminds" of Hie French defense conceived the Maginot line they never thought the Germans might go over il by air or around it in a flanking attack. The Germans went around it, and with case, when they took over France. But no such hidebound military conceptions bothered the Allied forces this week as they started their great flanking movement in southern Holland by landing an airborne army behind the German lines. This maneuver, if it proves Micccssful, will be responsible for a inarch across the low, level plains country of northern Germany with a direct route to Berlin. The Siegfried line, meantime, if the flanking movement succeeds, will repose as does the Maginot line, a monument to the stupidity of the French general staff and that of the German general stall, which has had the effrontery to joke over the professional abilities of Allied soldiers. It is being pointed out that the plains country between Holland and Berlin does not possess any of the natural hazards to our forces and military cover found in other areas. For instance, the hedgerows of Normandy made the initial stages of our fighting there exceedingly difficult. Once the water barriers of Holland have been passed the proceedings in the open country should be easier for our troops. While the landing of an airborne army in Holland has undoubtedly added to the confusion of the German defense, the situation fqr Germany has become even more desperate, for the British Second-Army is pressing its frontal attack. One way our forces solved and are solving the Holland water hazards is to fly over them and jump on solid dry land, just as our forces are flanking the Siegfried line by ignoring its frontal assault, which would be foolish. __ G. A. R. and through a fund of eighty million dollars, 19,000 veterans of the first World War were beneficiaries. They bought homes in cities or farms in the interior and it is encouraging to know that half of the bond issue has already been redeemed. History will repeat itself if the voters approve of Amendment No. 1. The veterans of the other war made good and the state will lose nothing by creating another fund in aid of our returning soldiers. It will make for comfort for them and for their families, and it will, too, make for independence. So it is a duty resting upon every elector to vole "Yes" on Proposition No. 1. LIGHTS STILL t)UT T HAT writer of vulgar songs, particularly the one entitled "I'm Going to Get Lit Up When Hie Lights Go On in London," a tune that has become popular with the troops, will probably have to defer his orgy, for while it was decided that Great Britain would remove many of the blackout restrictions this month, all regulations cannot be canceled. Robot bombing, it is believed, from planes, has resulted in Hie cancellation of the order permitting the lights to show. Unfortunately, with the capture of the robot bomb sites the Germans have not stopped launching the horrible mechanisms but arc now believed to be transporting them off the English coast by airplane and then releasing them from the air upon England. Obviously if the Germans arc having recourse to this procedure the lights arc not going up again in England for some time, and the vulgarity of the song writer must be deferred as well. DOG WEEK W liilt-HAiHiii), iii the blue uniforms of the Union, 11 survivors of the Civil War met recently in DCS Moincs and paid tribute to their dead comrades during the Seventy-eighth National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic. Some of those men were 95 years of age. They bowed their beads in memory of the past—the battles of the Civil War, and the lest of whether a nation "so conceived" "can long endure." Well, that nation "so conceived" and so tested has endured, and men today, very similar to those of the Civil War period, arc resolving in war what seems to be eternal problems of mankind. Those grand Civil War veterans are on the thresholds of their last experiences. They have seen the nation at war with Spain, with Germany in the first World War and now again at war with Germany and Japan. Had they not been men of fortitude and courage the nation would never have survived the Civil War itself. With victory in sight in Europe, and the ,war in the Pacific progressing favorably, those men of the Grand Army of the Republic must have known when their thoughts came hack from the misty past of their own sacrifices, that the thing for which they fought was not entirely wasted, but survives in the young warriors of today on the battle fronts of the world. And they must have thought, too, that the time will come when a few gray, tired old veterans of this second World War will gather to commemorate the decline and passing of their own generation, anil this will be sometime in the 1990s. In the meantime, the nation as it momentarily focuses its attention on these 11 venerable men, feels saddened that their eyes, after their own heroisms and sacrifices, have seen four wars come, and three of them go, and we hope the fourth goes soon. AMENDMENT No. 1 THE November ballot the voters of the 'state will flnd Proposition No. 1 which provides for a bond issue of $30,000,000 .Which will be at the service of veterans of this war to purchase homes and farms. Needless to say it will find favor with the . electors. The plan is not experimental. Over 20 ago a similar provision was authorized " C I.OSI:ST to man, of all animals in (lie world, is the dog. For thousands of years lie has been a friend to man, reflecting his moods from the campfire in the cave, to the fireplace in the drawing room. We all know the old truisms about dogs—they arc a part of our heritage, yet we like to think upon them. Dogs die willingly for their masters— they are doing so in this war. They have taken over capably a great new task with this age—that of leading the blind. They serve the hunter, guard the child and the home and give affection to their masters no matter what tribulation lowers his prestige or depresses his position in the woi'ld. The dog depends upon man and has for centuries, but he is no mere parasite. He is a line companion, a brave defender of the home and its children. He is a friend of the hunter, a warrior, message carrier and sen try with our armies, and as a puppy he is one of the most appealing things on earth. The dog owner, when he becomes such, takes on an obligation that he is morally charged to maintain. He must keep his dog at home, see that he does not bother the neighbors or stray into the paths of speeding automobiles. The dog should be sheltered and warm in winter, well fed and watered at all times, and at the expense of these services he becomes one of the truest friends of man, faithful unto death and a Christian among animals in his kindliness to those he knows and loves. ITALIAN FLANK T in; possibility exists now that our armies in Italy, particularly the Canadians aided by Greek forces, may enter the Po river valley and outflank the Gothic line of the Germans in a maneuver somewhat similar in ell'ect to that achieved by our airborne forces in Holland, when they landed beyond the flooded dikes and ponds. Enemy resistance, as was predicted, has stiffened in the Adriatic fighting, however, and the Hanking movement may take some time and hard fighting before il is achieved. Fighting is heavy in the region of Rimini, which is a pivotal point in the Allied maneuvers. Troops from Brazil are now reported to lie fighting well in Italy with the Allies. WAR DOCTORS T iucm-: are now reported to be 1500 counties in the United States without the services of a doctor. Their work has been largely laken over, at least for casual advice, by the pharmacies of the nation of which there are approximately 55,000 doing an annual business of something like $800,000,000. One of the great sacrifices being made in this war is that of our doctors. They have given up far more, economically speaking, than almost any other professional class in entering the armed services.and for many of them the loss will not be limited to just the time they are with the army and navy. Many of them will have difficulties building up their practices again after the war. Many of them will not come home from the war. While they are gone, their patients should remember them and honor their names. In the meantime, the corner pharmacist is doing the best he can to give advice for the absent doctor. Tke W T J (fiLF JL OCl ay EDITOR'S NOTE—Until »uch tlm« «» Ernie P.vle'8 column Is resumed following his vacation. thl> apace will be used for war feature Xorlea. By SID SOUTHEUN FRANCE, Sept. 17. (Delayed) OB—-The last time General Joan de Latlre de Tassigny was around these parts lie was the hunted instead uf Uic hunter. That was when his wife and son helped him escape from prison at lliom, whore he was supposed to spend 10 years for being one oC the few French loaders who told the Germans "you're K"lng to have to fight for it" when they cracked down on what was loft oC France in November, 194L'. Now he is back as commander of the French armies. Through his hillliant strategy Marseille and Toulon were taken in the early days of the campaign with outnumbered French forces. His popularity i» tremendous with the French people in this area. A quiet, hard-faced man, with startlingly penetrating eyes — his most commanding feature—he is overwhelmed by the populace in every village and (own he enters. "I believe I could be elected to the town council here," he said smilingly when he returned to Montpellier near .Marseille last week and received an ovation that nearly took the roof off of every house in the village. The people recalled that he returned victoriously just a year to the day after he escaped from prison. And they remembered that he had defiantly ordered out the troops and posted artillery on the road in an effort In stop the Nazis from overrunning' southern France 22 months ago —an order which resulted in his imprisonment. A few days after the Monlpellier celebration he entered I/yon at the FEDER head cf his victorious troops and got an even more explosive welcome from citizens ot France's third city. I He drew loud applause from civic I and military leaders as he ended a | short talk with a suggestion that three cheers be given for "France, America, and General Charles de Gaulle." The record of De Lattre, who was born in Mouilieron-en-Pareds—the ! same town as Georges Clemenceau— is clear on one thing—he is a bitter enemy of the Boche. It was in Tunisia that he first tan gled with the collaborationists. As commander of troops there he said flatly that he would fight any at tempt of the collapsing Nazi army in Africa to use Tunisia to escape. It was not long before he was transferred to Montpellier, where ap parently Vichy thought he was out of the way. But when the Germans .started coming down the road there was De Lattre waiting to oppose them. He might have succeeded, too, but Vichy officers in the pay of Pierre Laval imprisoned him. De Lattre escaped after a year in prison after executing a carefully thought-out plan. lie noted that certain platoon guards left at a specified time daily to smoke a cigarette; his son picked that moment to |.lirow a rope over the wall, and De Lattre went over the top. He remained with (lie Maquis 45 clays, then went to England in a British plane which landed in France. A few weeks later he joined the French army. Holl y w oo -(Bv ERS1C1XE JOHNSON)Y-Duy in Europe will be a great day in Hollywood, too. Xo, we're not going to estimate how many champagne corks will pop that night or how many tons of headache tablets will be consumed on V-Day plus one. But with Washington planning on gradual army demobilization and large-scale production of civilian goods—even if the Tokyo kid still has to be knocked out—life will be a lot easier for the moviemakers. Return to near normalcy will mean that movie heroes won't have to explain in the first reel why they are 4-F. Honeymooners will be able to drive away from the church faster than o5 miles nn hour. Steaks will be back on banquet tables. Chorus girls won't have to stick cardboard inner soles in battered dancing shoes, and the legs of Marlene Dietrich, Hcdy Lamarr and Betty Grable will he put back in black silk stockings. Hollywood's stars in service stripes will start filtering back to the movie lots. The Jimmy Stewarts, the Tyrone Powers and the Robert Montgomerys will return to the screen. The homecoming has already started: Clark Gable is back on M. G. M.'s payrool. John Payne, Richard Greene and Director Frank Lloyd are homeward bound. All of which brings up the problem of how Hollywood will address these gentlemen. Will we have to call Jimmy Stewart "Colonel," or just plain Jimmy? Will it be Lieutenant-Commander Robert Montgomery or Bob'.' And how about their screen billing? Will M. G. M. present "Colonel Jimmy Stewart in 'Love Is a Dream' "'! It would look nice on billboards. But how would the movie fans react to "M. G. M. present Private So-and- So in 'Tonight or Never' "? Holly wood's class consciousness will make this quite a problem. The end .of Hitler also will bring many a script off the shelf which couldn't be put on celluloid because of the war. M. G. M., for example, has three. "They Were Expendable," story of General MacArthur's P-T boats, has been held up all this time because the studio's cameras couldn't go to sea. "Taps for Private Tussle," a best-selling novel about relatives fighting over Tussle's $10,000 insurance policy, will not be filmed until the war is over. At Paramount, no "shocking changes" are scheduled for the end of the war. Studio executives agree that filmu- sicals will replace war stories immediately following the peace, and then in a year or two the really great war stories will he filmed. "The Big Pa rade," "Farewell to Arms" and "All Quiet on the Western Front," followed World War I by several years. Universal, incidentally, is planning a modern version of "All Quiet." One smart gentleman we know hopes to make a small fortune in Hollywood on V-Day night. He has cornered all the noise-making badg ets in southern California and hired a battalion of sidewalk salesmen. They're standing ready as soon as the flash comes. Night club owners also expect to clean up. Their cellars are full of champagne decorated with red, white and blue streamers. (Copyright, 1944, NEA Service, Inc.) •ni^l] TTJ) T] ~^T* • / 1 Jhe Headers' Viewpoint EDITOR'S NOTE—Lelten ihould be limited 10 ISO word*; ma; attuck Ideal but not persons; must not be abuilre and ihould Ht written legibly and on one ilde of the paper. Tiie Californlan la not responsible tor the ientlin«oU contained therein and reserves the right to reject anj letters. U-ttrn must bear an authentic addrma and aliniturt. althoujb these will be withheld If desired. PROPOSITION XO. 11 Editor The California!!: Occasionally, uninformed or biased critics oppose California Proposition Nu. 1.1 on the grounds that it ia "socialistic." Invariably, these people fail to give any proof for their accusations, or offer a feasible plan as a .substitute. What must these critics think of our postal service, civil service pensions, veterans benefits, etc.? AVould they maintain that the vast private wealth, employment and progress we have made, as a direct or indirect result of our adoption and operation of the gasoline tax, is socialistic? An unbiased study of Proposition No. 11 will show that this proposed legislation employs, with minor exceptions, the same scientific prin •iples that have made the success of the gasoline tax unparalleled in tax history. However, instead of being socialistic, Proposition No. 11 and its parent organization, the Townsend National Recovery Plan, are typically American and remain wholly ivithin the framework of the United stales Constitution. Furthermore, .hey provide the only sound pay-as- vou-tfo postwar program yet offered to our people that will save and preserve our American system of free enterprise for posterity. To vote "Yes" November 7 on Proposition No. 11 is to vote for true Americanism and all It represents. O. OLSON. "i717 Grove street, Oakland, Culif. KORD CITY EXCHANGE CLUB Editor The Callfornian: The members of the Ford City Oxchango Club are proud of their slogan, "Unity and Service," and iru desirous of making it a prac- ical reality. For this reason, this Exchange 'lub wishes to call to your attention, uul to the many residents of the West Side, the necessity and impor- anco of developing all of the ideas, •itiggestions, and recommendations, hat would promote and make possible the, development and improve- iient of our community Our pride inpelx us to continue to make Ford Jity, Taft. Taft Heights, South Taft md other communities not only big;or but better places in which to ive, work, play, und enjoy the many oltsslngs of this democracy. The Ford City Exchange Club be- leves that many desirable public >rojects and services can be brought to the front for public consideration and attention at this time no that we can determine our needs for the postwar period or any emergency period, There can bo no doubt that this will prove to be a great advantage to returning veterans, to former defense worker*, and to all of the people. We solicit your thoughts and ideas to accomplish this end. It has been brought to our attention recently that more than one half of the 1072 cities in the United States of over 10,000 population are considering many subjects that will provide postwar employment to meet emergency conditions. These cities report that these subjects in the order of their importance for the improvement of their area are as follows: Sewers, sewage disposal, streets and highways, public buildings, water systems, incinerators, airports, parks and playgrounds, etc. This may suggest to us many ideas that might be applicable to this area. In order to be useful in some way the Ford City Exchange Club feels that it would be glad to entertain any suggestions or ideas of the problems and needs of the West Side, so that they could be presented for further discussion and consideration by official bodies and postwar planning groups, so that practical plans and programs can be formulated for the postwar era, which we hope will soon be here. Would you, therefore, care to assist ue in this plan to stimulate interest and encourage people to give serious thought to these Ideas by the use of your paper and by any other methods you would care to suggest? Your favorable consideration of our request will meet with our hearty approval, and we feel sure that all of the fine people of our district will help us in this effort to make jobs for our returning veterans and war workers. Address all letters to president of Ford City Exchange Club. Sincerely. LEROY B1XFORD, President, LOST PIGEONS Editor The Callfornian: I am in receipt of a newspaper clipping that I presume was clipped from an issue of your paper, The Bakersfield Callfornian. It refers to a "carrier pigeon found" by James Green, worker with the oil company, In Ten Section oil district, Panama, We, the members of the Racing Pigeon Fancy, thank you sincerely for publishing this information and would like to know how to get In touch with James Green and where Panama is. If, In the future, a lost pigeon Is reported to you, I would certainly appreciate It if you would tell the finder of the Lost and Found Bureau. Thanking you again, I remain Sincerely yours, A. O. BARSTOW, Secretary. Lost and Found Pigeon Bureau, 656 West Patterson avenue, Glendale (3), California. Phone Citrus 1-3328. , From tke Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Callfornian, this date, 1934) Ushers committee, headed by Mrs. Casper Walsh, met with Mrs. J. R. Dorsey, president of Woman's Club, to work on costumes to be worn this season. Pupils and teachers at Hawthorne School are playing a novel game of "who's who" since four sets of twins nnd one set of triplets havo enrolled. The latter are Marjorie, Mary Ray and Muriel Mulhall, 7-year-old blondes. George R. Roed, 34, champion cotton picker of Texas and Oklahoma, has arrived for work in Kern's cot- Ion harvesting. He won his chanr pionshlp laurels by picking 910 pounds in 9 hours at Decatur, Texas, in 1925. Mrs. Grover Shackelford won first prize in a bridge party given by Bakersfield Chapter, Order of East ern Star, last night. Dr. Adolph Reader, optometrist, has removed his offices to 1815 I street in the new Sill building. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Californlan, this date, 13i4) James A. Drain was elected presl dent of the national organization of the American Legion, succeeding John R. Quinn. Dwight L,. Clarke presided at a successful meeting of Stockdale Golf and Country Club last night. Announcement was made that 150 per sons have signed for $200 shares in the corporation. Painters are at work giving the interior of the county jail a coat o£ fresh white paint. C. A. Barlow has returned from a five-week stay in San Francisco and vicinity. He completed a survey of water conditions in the northern part of the state and reports the shortage affecting the north more than the south. Mrs. Julia G. Babcock has been in vited to present an address in Fresno at a meeting of library custodians. Miss Edna L. Ice and Vernon V. Dennen were married Thursday morning by the Reverend George A. Warmer. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dale. l'J14> Mr. and Mrs. J. R. McCall celebrated their second wedding anniver sary last night at a dinner party at their home, 2207 B street. Colonel T. H. Minor has 1 been recommended for appointment to the state Republican central committee. The charter of the city oC Bakers field is printed In full in today's issue of The Californian. Governor Johnson will visit Bakersfield Saturday evening and will speak at the city hall on his can didacy for re-election. M. Angelo leaped from a coal wagon, which he was driving, to attack and kill a bulldog that bit Lillian Thaler, age 10, today. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1904) The Catholic Church at Randsburg soon will be completed and probably Mojave will have a Catholic Church of its own also. Quentin Cuddeback, now of Santa Ana, formerly of Tehachapi, Is hunting deer this week In the d trict where he used to run cattle as a boy. Tehachapi Tomahawk, newspaper that serves that area, is advocating incorporation but the question is as yet undecided. Methodist Episcopal Church was filled to capacity yesterday when the Reverend G. E. Foster, under whose leadership the magnificent building was erected, preached his farewell sermon. The experiment of separating the sexes of all grade above the fourth is being made in Bakersfield city school. An enrollment of 72 is ex pected before the week is over. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1894) Wallace Taylor has charge of the local force that has been set to work preparing to put in Land Company's 15,000-acre alfalfa patch west of Poso. G. C. T. Willes and brother arrived this morning from England and have begun at once to improve their prop erty in section 35. There are 104 names on the great register of Kernville with several yet to be registered. No county in the state Is better organized than Kern for a Republican victory this fall. T. A. Baker returned from an extensive campaigning trip throughout the county last night. Advertisement: Mrs. J. F. Perry will make suits for adults or children; new styles of draperies, skirts, the new seamless waists. Rooms over Walters drug store. SO THEY SAY On no account dare we ignore the great domestic problems—slums and racial prejudices, economic and political monopolies, and, above all, the threat of unemployment—which make up so much of democracy's unfinished business.—Dr. Everett Case, president Colgate University. We will be back. You think you are smart, but you don't know about the secret weapons we have. The Luftwaffe's "refrigerator bomb" and "bacteria bomb" are going to be our terror weapons.—Nazi press officer, fleeing Paris before liberation by Allies. The rate at which farm land prices are rising, coupled with the large number of sales, are unmistakable signs that an inflationary land spree is under way in many regions.—Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard. PEN SHAFTS Geiman industrialists have warned Hitler that the Nazis will be unable to continue fighting more than another eight weeks. They have a very good start on stopping. A research institution has proposed control of Jap and Nazi electricity. AVe want no more shocks from them. Schools were closed in three Ohio towns because the voters turned down a bond issue. Can't you just see the kids burning up? The Germans are helping the Yanks understand the meaning of "the line of least resistance." It is possible for a man to get stung by a butterfly. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, —7 Timothy 19:S2. • » • Many a man's tongue shakes out his master's undoing.—Sakeipeare. N ews ike News -fBy PAUL MALLON)WASHINGTON, Sept. 19.—In this spot yesterday I began the presentation of -facts to demonstrate that compulsory military training Is undemocratic and the proposed legislation to take 17-year-old youths into the army for a year would not provide an efficient, sufficient army because most fighting lines- today are highly skilled techniques which require constant practice by more mature persons. This youth nucleus discharged at 18 could not keep up with the scientific developments of war, but must become another national guard. Taking inadequate refresher courses by mail. The training, therefore, could be not much more than a physical culture year taken out of the life of every citizen. If physical culture and minor preparatory training is what the army wants, why does it not put the facilities for these into our existing educational structure? Why take a year out of a boy's life. Delaying his college education or his start in work, delaying the contribution of every one to the productivity of the country, when it will not give us what we must have—a capable army? Why waste money training the un- us.'ibles and unadaptable boys, as the army proposes under the pretense of thus maintaining democracy? Many boys have no talent or desire for plane-piloting, gunnery, tank operation. And money spent training them for a year at 17 to be soldiers would be thrown away. Would you not get a better army source pool by offering inducements of pay and free technical education to those who like mechanical arts and intend to go further with their technical training in college or business? Why not do this by multiplying the size of West Point and Annapolis and injecting the preparatory courses for these schools in our existing educational system? The democratic way is always the best, if only it is Intelligently led. It is founded on the theory that a willing worker is better than a forced worker. We should, therefore, try inducement before resorting to compulsion. Compulsory military training has never proved a guarantee of security or even a preparation for a good army in Europe. A disarmed Germany, which was supposed to have no military training, nearly overran the world, and did crush all the nations with their compulsory camps. These brought larger but not better armies (towit France). A lieutenant overseas has written me what seems to be the initial fault with our thinking on this subject. He says a sufficient army, or a large West Point and Annapolis, will create military cliques which will rule us into wars as in Germany and Japan. This is the historical error of our nation. Never have we been prepared for a war, or adequately for our own defense, because of this, popular fear. This time we nearly sacrificed our nation to the fear. They nearly got us before we could got ready. In the» swiftness of these new war* methods and the possibilities for great devastation of civilian populations, it seems to me clear that if were are not ready next time this nation will adjourn. The practical way to keep away from military cliques is by practicing democracy, not sacrificing your defense to the fear of an avoidable possibility. Prevent the military minority from becoming ruling civil authorities as has been done with our admirals cliques. Avoid such totalitarian practices • as this proposed youth draft. Raise your army in a democratic way, keep it democratic, and away from political influence and control . An Oakland (Calif.) editor sees more clearly the fundamental truths of the situation. He says the country must face the necessity of maintaining a large enough standing army and paying for it. He guesses we will need 500,000 men, 10 times what we had before. Well, we have always handled the navy that way. Why not the army? Land fighting is as highly technical now as naval fighting. It requires constantly keeping ahead of an al-. ways improving game. If we are going to assume any obligations as the top power of the postwar world along with Russia, t we will have to have it. The navy is no longer an assurance of security in an air world. I do not like the idea essentially. Sufficient armies require heavy public expense. But there is no certainty in security. We must do what is necessary, I believe the Oakland editor is right. The objective analysis in these two columns on the subject, herewith concluding, show we had better face the facts of world life und quit playing around with false notions—such as the popular one that a year in the army for 17-year- olds will solve the defense problem or be ;.ny less expensive than intelligently, democratically producing the army we need. (World copyrleht. 1014. bv Kins Kraturra Syndic-Hie. Inc. All riulit* reserved Reproduction In fu'.l or in port strictly prohibited.) .ing ion Oolwmn -(By PETEK EDSON1- Postwar federal tax collections "three or more times as large as those of the immediate prewar peril d" will be needed if the word of Roy Blough, director of the division of tax research in the United States treasury, means anything. In case you never heard of Mr. Blough before, it may be explained that he does not carry as much weight as Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr.. nor even Assistant Secretary Daniel W. Bell. Mr. Blough, however, is the man Morgenthau and Bell ring for when they want to know something about taxes. If Mr. Blough's predictions sound like the worst kind of bad news, there is perhaps a politer way of putting it. Federal tax collections in prewar years averaged a little better than 5 billion dollars a year. Postwar taxes three times that would mean collections of 15 billion dollars a year. But war taxes are now heading for 45 billion dollars a years, nine times the prewar level. Blough's prediction is therefore a two-thirds cut from present levels. This whole subject of postwar taxation seems to be hot right now, with every economic group in the country backing its own pet plan. To Blough this presages "a more intense effort of different economic groups to unload the tax burden upon each other." That is a good point of view to bear in mind. In all this preliminary shadow boxing, the treasury has not come out with any plan of its own. But at St. Louis the other day, speaking before the National Tax Association, Roy Blough did bring up the subject of postwar taxes and because of his position as head of tax research, his speech may be regarded as something of a treasury trial balloon. "How much can we reduce taxes after the war?" Blough asked. And he answered his own question by "Probably less than most people think." Furthermore, he says that "Per dollar of taxes, the postwar load may well be harder to bear in that it will be a continuing load with no expectation of early relief. It will not be paid out of war-swollen incomes and it will no longer have the support of wartime patriotism. "Many writers," he says, "assume * that the presence of high taxes, designed for wartime use, is the only obstacle to permanent full employment in the postwar period. . . . The . removal of this obstacle may not be enough. That unemployment can occur when taxes are low is attested by the tragedy of 1929." On. other points, Blough merely states the issues instead of indicating a preference for any one policy; recognizing as he does that in the end it is Congress that will determine finally just what postwar tax policy will be. To the pleaders for special tax privilege, however, he has a special word of warning: "It is scarcely conceivable," he says, "that Congress would increase taxes , on any substantial group while decreasing taxes on all other groups." Blough'j conclusion is that the postwar tax problem is going to be more difficult than the wartime tax problem, which is just what you'd expect. Questions anil Answers Q. Where in the United States does the gopherwood grow?—P. W. A. The Torreya, also known as gopherwood, stinking cedar and sa- vin grows in certain sections of Florida and Georgia. , This tree, which according to legend is related botanically to the trees from which Noah built the ark, is not found native anywhere else on the American continent. Q. What is a. session of Congress? B. B. A. The term generally means that both Senate and House are in session, i. e., meeting for the transaction of business. The length of a session varies, some having run 300 or more days. Q. Please name some noted aces of the marine corps.—B. L. Z. A. Of the leading aces in the present war, Major Gregory Boyington and Major Joseph J. Foss are marine corps flyers. Major Boyington has been reported missing in action. Q. Who laid out Central Park in New York?—S. U. A. Central Park was initially planned by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. It includes 840 acres und has 32 miles of winding footpaths. Q. How many Federal prisons for women are there at the present time?—A. W. S. A. At the present time there is only one Federal prison for women, the Federal Reformatory for Women, Alderson, W. Va. Q. Is frost necessary to change the color of green leaves in autumn? C. D. H. A. Leaves will change In the autumn without frost but a light frost may hasten the coloring. Q. How many names were in the New York City directory when it first appeared?—P. J. N. A. The directory had 846 names when it first appeared in 1786. Q. What Is the average length of life In the United States'—K. B. M. A. In 1942 the average length of life was 64.82 years, the highest figure on record. , Q. What is the derivation of the word Maquis, the name given to the French underground?—T. H. A. Maquis is a colloquial term originating in Corsica for wild, bushy land and is used to describe the type of vegetation found on the hills of the French Mediterranean region. It is the sort of country in which guerrilla fighters could readily take shelter. Q. Was Jack Dempsey ever . matched with a wrestler?—A. N. D. A. Jack Dempsey stopped Cowboy Luttrell in 2, Bull Curry in 2, and Ellis Bashara in 2 rounds. In each case the wrestlers and Dempsey . boxed with gloves. There was no wrestling. These boutr; took place in 1940. Q. Is it true that some persons can exist for long periods without sleep? T. H. Y. A. Dr. Donald A. Laird says that so far as he knows, a bona fide case of Aot sleeping for any length of time is still to be recorded. Q. Is there any Greek painting in existence?—K. F. A. A. Not a fragment remains of any Greek painting, and there are only faded touches to be seen on sculpture. Q. What is the date of the autumnal equinox?—F. J. E. A. The date this year is September 23, E. W. T. At this time the sun is directly over the equator. Q. How high above the earth doe* the robot bomb travel?—V. P. A. The altitude is about 2000 feet to take advantage of any low overcast. Q. What country in Asia has a town where the whole population In engaged hi paper making?—T. T. A. This Is the village of Ompel in central Korea. *v Q. How high do geese fly?—P.D.C. A. Photographs have been made of geese at an estimated height of 29,000 feet, or almost 6% miles. A ruder uan «et the tuwer to «ny queitlon .of net by vritlBi Xb* Bikinflild CtllUntu Jafornutlon Burtiu. Sl« E;« Strtd. M. «., ""»•*"'•*'••«>

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