The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 19, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Tuesday, September 19, 1944
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Dewey Severely Shaken in Train Collision *#####.###### # # # # • SKY ARMY TURNS SIEGFRIED LINE IN HOLLAND AS DEFENSE CRUMBLE THE HKATHKR Trmperaturn Hish yesterday 82 Low today _..___ 64 Rainfall Season (Airport) ~«^ww.. T Year ago (Airport) ___. T Season (Land Company) T Year aco (Land Company) T Foncant Continued clear with little change In temperature. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1944 14 PAGES No. 43 Russia, Finns Sign A rmistice Reds Nab Valga in Advance Russians Grind Down Nazi Division Per Day in Gigantic Fight LONDON, Sept. 19. (.#)—Soviet troops have made "a great breakthrough" and captured more than 2000 populated places south of Kiga, Premier-Marshal Stalin announced tonigh t.» Bhilin. a too pro claimed the fall of Valga, strategic rail Junction on the Estonian-Latvian border 87 miles northeast of Riga, and 60 miles from.the Gulf of Riga. General Ivan C, Bagramian's great Baltic offensive below Riga gained 25 miles in four days, and widened its breakthrough cor- - ridor to 75 miles, Stalin said. LONDON, Sept. 19. CP)— The Moscow radio announced today that Finland had signed an armistice with Russia and Britain. The first brief announcement, broadcast bv the Soviet information office- and recorded here by the Soviet monitor, did not give the terms. They will be disclosed later. The official statement however, listed the names of those participating in the negotiations which were in progress from September 14 until today, when the agreement was signed. Britain and Russia signed the terms as representatives of the United Nations. A dispatch from Stockholm said it was reliably reported there that the armistice terms were formally approved by the Finnish Parliament in an early morning session. A Finnish news agency dispatch to Stockholm ftcm Helsinki said the deputies assembled In a closed meeting at 6:15 a. m., at which time the government presented "a document." Shortly afterward the Parliament passed to the order of the day which, under Finnish parliamentary procedure, constitutes a vote of confidence. Terms to Be Published Finnish sources said they expected the terms would be published officially later today, the Stockholm dispatch said. . There still was no reliable advance picture of the details of the armistice, but the Swedish press generally, on the basis of fragmentary reports, characterized them as Vhard." • The stipulation causing the Finns most anxiety was said to be a Russian demand for a 50-year lease of the Porkkaia naval base on the Finnish gulf. Stockholm reported that •one well-informed Finnish source said this demand embraced use of territory stretching inland from Continued on Page Four Beattie, War Writer, Now Nazi Prisoner CORRESPONDENT TAKEN PRISONER AT CHAUMONT, BELIEVED IN REICH Subs Destroy 29 More Japanese Ships WASHINGTON, Sept. 19. t*)— American submarines, operating deep in Japanese waters, have .destroyed 29 more enemy vessels including three warships, the navy announced today. The biggest bag of the American submersibles ever reported in a single communique included two . destroyers and an escort vessel which probably were assigned to convoying cargo and transport craft. These successes brought to 913 the number of ships sunk or damaged by American submarines since the war started. Included in the bag were three tankers, vitally needed by the enemy to keep fuel moving to outlying garrisons. Also in the total were 23 cargo and transport vessels, which might have been loaded with badly needed war supplies. WITH THE UNITED STATES THIRD ARMY IN EUROPE, Sept. 19. (UB—Edward W. Beuttie, famous United Press war correspondent, was captured by the Germans on September 12, near Chaumont, and is believed to have been taken into Germany. Two other correspondents, one of whom was freed later, and an army jeep driver were taken with Beattie. One of the correspondents and the jeep driver were liberated by their Nazi guard and returned to -tba. press cam» today. They said Beattie and tfie 'third' correspondent probably were in Germany now. One Man Wounded The freed correspondent said one of his companions was wounded in the fleshy part of the left leg, taken to a hospital at Chaumont, and later probably removed to'Germany. Beattie was separated from the others near Chaumont. He volunteered to go with another convoy when the Germans told their prisoners that one must leave the group. Beattie Volunteers "After the capture, on September 13, we were awakened and told that one of us must leave," the returning correspondent said. Beattie volunteered to .be taken away. Surrender Story "I was told later that he left Chaumont in a motor convoy heading for Germany. I have no reason to believe he was mistreated.",. The three correspondents left the press camp on September 12, intending to cover the story of a mass surrender by the Germans near Chatillon. They ran Into trouble north of Clmumont. WRIGHT BRYAN INJURED, NOW NAZI PRISONER WITH THE UNITED STATES THIRD ARMY IN EUROPE, Sept. 19. (U.P)—Wright Bryan, associate editor of the Atlanta Journal, was captured by the Germans in the Chaumont area on September 1- and now is believed to be in Germany. He suffered a slight wound in the fleshy part of his left leg. He was captured with Edward W. Beattie, United Press war correspondent, and another correspondent not yet identified. Special Delivery Mail Rate Raised to 13 Cents WASHINGTON, Sept. 19. (UR)— President Roosevelt has signed a bill increasing the special delivery mail rate to 13 cente, decreasing postal insurance ijutes. and revising present collect-on-delivery postal charges. The changes will become effective November 1. Yanks Kill 5543 in Palaus Asios, Peleliu's Main Town Nabbed; Angaur Drive Speeded ABOARD EXPEDITIONARY FLAGSHIP, PALAU, Sept. 19 (Via Navy Radio). <UE»—The First Marine Regiment today captured Bloody Nose ridge after a vicious fight and tonight the 'Battle 'for' Peleliu appeared to have passed the crisis point. The leathernecks now haVe seized their primary objectives on this strategic island barrier to the Philippines. By Associated Presa American drives on Pele- liu and Angaur islands in the southern Palaus gained momentum today as the Japanese showed signs of weakening under the terrific attack which cost them 5543 dead in the first four days' fighting. The Peleliu airdrome, one of the biggest and best of captured Japanese fields, is being used by American planes. To the northward the First Marines pushed ahead across tough coral ridges, ifter capturing the island's main town, Asins, two adjacent villages and an offshore islet. The Japanese were falling back. Leif Erickson, Associated Press war correspondent, reported in a flagship dispatch that Japanese com manders had shackled their men in observation posts and caves, to insure their death stand, while officers' bodies had been converted into jooby traps. Opposition Light On Angaur island, 6 miles southward, the Eighty-first (Wildcat) \rrny Division speeded up its lightly opposed advance. The infantrymen Captured Saipan town, the principal settlement, with its artillery-wrecked phosphate refinery, once vital for Japan's explosives, and the largest ailroacl yard in Oceania. Capture of the town meant the army spearheads had pushed south- vnrd more than half the length of Angaur against small counter- Hacks. The Japanese appnrently vere withdrawing to the extreme Ip for a final stand. Their dead hrough Sunday totaled 48. A navy communique said that for he same period Japanese killed on 3 eleliu totaled 5495. By contrast, 400 Japanese were buried on Guam n the first four days of that campaign, the total eventually rising to Continued on Page Four Legion Urges Army Control of Japs in United States CHICAGO, Sept. 19. OR—The American Legion today urged that control of the Japanese in this country be shifted from civilian authority to the army, and demanded that aliens with records of subversive activities be returned to their home lands after the war. The organization's annual convention adopted the resolution submitted by its Americanism committee. The approved statement advocated that all immigration be halted after the war until the number of unemployed la the United States drops to the 1,000,000 mark. The convention went on record for deportation of German and Italian war prisoners when hostilities cease, and suggested a law to prohibit an alien from speaking over the "radio for or against any candidate for nubile office. It also spoke for continuation of a congressional committee on un-American activities. Hull Calls for Unity Earlier, Secretary of State CordeJI Hull called for unity at home in support of setups to bring about interna- tional co-operation to prevent future warfare. In a message to the American Legion's national convention, he asserted the veterans could perform a service second only to that they rendered in World War I by "mobilizing American public opinion" in support of a united effort to prevent breaches of the peace in < the period ahead. Termed Indtapeiisiible "It is my deepest conviction," the secretary said, "that unity at home in support of effective policies of international co-operation is indispensable if our nation is to play Its essential part in the development of unity among nations which alone gives promise of an era of peace .and well-being." The Legionnaires went into the second session of their annual gathering pondering 'news from high ranking war leaders of blows to be struck against the Axis. Krom Admiral Cheater W. Nimltz, comnnander-in-chief of the Pacific Continued on P»g« Tblru»n —Cnlirornlan-N'KA Telcplioto DEWEY RECEIVES OVATION—Governor and Mrs. Thomas E. Dewey received enthusiastic ovation as they left Seattle, Wash., railroad station with Governor Arthur B. Langlle (front seat) of Washington, who welcomed the Republican nominee. Dewey made bid for labor support in November election In Seattle speech with program designed to "restore collective bargaining. F. D. R. ORDERS TO PUN FOR WAR AGENCIES'END STEP INDICATES PEACETIME DEMOBILIZATION TO BEGIN AFTER VICTORY OVER GERMANY WASHINGTON", Sept. 19. UP)— President Roosevelt today directed the government to prepare now for its own peacetime demobilization, indicating some of Washington's sprawling.war agencies will begin to fold up with the defeat of Germany. lu a letter issued at the White House Mr. Roosevelt ordered Budget Director Harold D. Smith to plan now "to liquidate war agencies and reconvert, the government to pence." "Some steps along these lines may oe taken when the fighting ends in Europe," he said, although he avoided predicting any date for the war's end. The President ordered immediate •e-examination of the staffing and duties of. all agencies and said he wanted—as soon as possible—plans for:' ' "Peace Footing" 1. "The liquidation of war agencies and the reassignment of such permu- lent or continuing functions as they possess." 2. "The reduction of government personnel to'a peace footing." 3. "The simplification and adupta- ion of the administrative structure o peacetime requirements." * The civil service commission yes- erday reported federal pay rolls stood at 2,93«,G02 employes at the start of this month, 270,5(12 of them n Washington. But the Byrd com- nittee on government spending estimated the number of federal em- ployes on September 13 at 3.112,965. About a million people worked for he government before the war. Some officials have perdicted that— even with the closing of war agen- 'ies—federal pay checks will go to nore than 1,500,000 people for sev- 3ral years. In his first specific order for demobilization plans within his own administration, Mr. Roosevelt wrote he budget director: "Upon the termination of hostili- ies, we must proceed with equal Igor to liquidate war agencies and econvert the government to pe,ace. some steps along these lines may be aken when the fighting ends in Eu- ope. The transition from war to eace should be carried forward rap- Continued on Page Four FLASHES TIRIMTZ HIT AGAIN LONDON, Sept. 19. UP>—fl. A. F. Lancasters blasted the German battleship Tlrpltss with 12,000- pound bombs In a Norwegian fjord, the air ministry announced tonight. The 41,000-ton battleship suffered "very heavy" damage from equally heavy bombs from United States planes last Friday, Stockholm newspaper reports to the Office of War Information said. HIMMLKR INSPECTION WITH THE UNITED STATES THIRD ARM* IN EUROPE, Sept. 19. (UPJ— Heinrich Himmler, Nazi Gestapo chief arid commander of the~. home front, was reported today to have made a personal inspection tour of the Moselle front in an e'/fort to bolster the German defense line as it showed the first signs of cracking. • ' ' Sailor Records Dying Wishes on Life Raft DIARY IN WALLET FILLED WITH COMMENT ON MOTHER, "BIG EYES" ELKHART. Ind.. Sept 19. (UP.) "To Helen, 1 loved her until the end. I love Mom ... I wish 1 could eat some of her cooking." Thinking of his girl, his mother, and the food he ate at home. Naval Aviation Radioman Jack Cooper, L'3, died on a life raft in the Pacific. When a warship picked up his body a few days later they found him clutching a diary of his dying days he had written to his "mom " The navy sent the diary, written on the fly leaves of his wallet, to his mother, Mrs. Henry Clcv- enz. Cooper wus reported killed in action, June 15. Strafed by Plane While adrift on the raft, lie wns strafed by a Japanese plane anil wounded in both knees, but he scribbled into the dairy, » record of what a fighting mu.n thinks of at the end. Mostly i 1 was about his mother and about his sweetheart, Helen E. Checchoi, whom ho culled "Big Eyes." The diary follows; Piece of shapnel in compass case hit our plane Mom . . .; wings are in sewing kit. Am entitled to all stars und more. Be sure to check Insurance, etc. Back pay, 10,000 ins. (Roses) to remind me of Helen. "I've always loved her. Love, kisses for you Mom, Dud and all. Now July 8—weak (navy deletion). 1 Continued on 1'age Kftur Dewey to Speak in Portland Candidate Outlines Five-Point Program; Blasts F. R. Policy ABOARD DEWEY CAMPAIGN TRAIN, Sept. 19. (U.E) Governor and Mrs. Thomas E. Dewey and others aboard his special campaign train were shaken up today when it rammed into the rear end of another passenger train near Castle Rock, Wash., en route lo Portland. First reports indicated there were no serious injuries. It wan believed the Dewey train was traveling nearly a mile a minute when it overtook the other train. The special hud been delayed sev- crwl holtrfe hy n fFeight train collision near Castle Hock, Wash., in.st night. Party officials In Portland assumed that Dewey would continue to Portland, probably by automobile, in time to make his scheduled speech on a national network, but plans for afternoon conferences and meetings were uncertain. E. A. Wells, engineer on the 13-car Dewey special, said he was traveling Eindhoven, Big Transport Hub, Falls to Allies Germans Admit Loss of Brest; Armies Sweep Northward in Drive to Turn Corner of Nazi Siegfried Line; All Landing Objectives Gained SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 19. (U.E)—Lieutenant-General Lewis H. {Brercton's airborne army turned the northern end of the (Siegfried Line today in the Arnheim area of eastern Holland j beyond the Rhine, while other Allied forces captured the ; Dutch transport hub of Eindhoven. Elated spokesmen said j the aerial invasion of Holland — was going exactly as planned 0 AMU AC Cl AVIklf* oALINAo oLATINb TRIAL BEGINS DEWEY SCHEDULE GIVEN The Kern county Republican central committee announced today that Governor Thomas E. Dewey 's speeches ihis week will not be broadcast over the local stations. However, they may be heard over KMJ, Fresno. KPO, Sun Francisco, and KFf, Los Angeles. Dewey will speak from Portland at 7:30 J). m. tonight. On Thursday, September L'l, Dewey will speak at 8 p. m. at Seal's Stadium in San Francisco, and on Friday, Septe-.nber 22, h<> will talk at 8 p. m. from the Coliseum in Los Angeles. Continuing hli; tour toward the enst, Mr. Dewey will speak In Oklahoma City on Tuesday, September 25. This talk may be heard at 7 p. in. over the stations listed above. tbout 55 miles an hour when ho saw the Great Northern passenger train. which had stopped at the scene of ho first accident. Wells said he jammed on the air brakes and was slowing the Dewey rain rapidly but was unable to prevent u crash. The heavy locomotive )lowed into the observation car of the standing train. Dewey and his wife were in the ledroom of their private cur on the •ear of the special. They were severely shaken up but not hurt, it vas stated by Paul Lock-wood, his Jrivatc secretary. Dewcy's theme in tonight's address, which will be delivered from Portland. Ore., will be: "Is there an ndlspensable man'.' 1 ' The Republican G. O. 1'. nominee | told a nation-wide radio audience j last nlsht that the lloosevelt admin- | istralion was responsible fur wartime i strikes and .said it seeks to make I labor a i^ilitical pawn. ! Speaking before an overflow crowd ] Continued on I'ase Thirteen I on its third day and the commanders were highly pleased with its progress. Front dispatches said the skytroopers and (he British Second Army were wheeling through Holland at. a lively clip, and the entire Na/i defense system for the country appeared to lie falling apart. Again today an armada of Allied planes flew a supply mission to Hoi- HITLElt VISITS METZ NANCY, France, Sept. 19. (JP>— German prisoners reported today that Adolf Hitler visited Met:? five days ago and demanded thnt the garrison hold out at least 10 days. promising that a new secret V- wenpon would appear soon. land, reinforcing the army which landed In the areas of Arnheim, Nijmegen and Eindheven as well as other unspecified localities. Industrial City Falls The- concerted onrush of the British Second Army and the airborne forces which brought them together in the Eindhoven area, toppled the defenses of that big Industrial city, and Lieutenant-Gener.il Miles C. Dempsey's armor raced on through a number of towns to the north and east. Besides Eindhoven the Allies seized Wehgel, 15 miles to the north; Esp, 4 miles to the north; Geldrop. 4 miles to the east. Wilreit and Luyksgesten. 4 miles north of Lommel. and Broek, 1 mile north of the Escuut canal, where the British forced a now crossing in the Lille- St. Hubert area. Fur to the west the buttered German garrison of Brest, big French port famous Cor its rolo in the first wjirld war, had withdrawn to the I«c Crozon peninsula, Berlin said. The Nasd command said the city had been reduced to "smoking ruins" before it fell to the Americans who raced across Brittany early in August. f United Htate.s tanks and armor of Lieutenant-General Courtney H. Hodges' First Army resumed their advance east of Aachen, breaking a stalemate brought about by brisk German counterattacks, and reached the outskirts of Stolberg, industrial city which had been by-passed in the drive which breached the Siegfried Line. With the Siegfried Line turned, it the airborne forces dropped ill the MRS. ANDREWS CHARGED WITH MURDER OF BOY SALINAS, Sept. 19. (UPJ—Socially prominent Mrs. Frances Andrews, 38-year-old member of the Carmcl- Monterey set, went on trial for her life here today, charged with the murder of an Oklahoma fartnboy whom she had befriended, 19-y«ar- old Jay Lovett. Society folk, colorfully dressed cowboys and ranchers from th» Salinas valley lettuce bowl vied with prospective jurors and newsmen for the 120 available seats in Superior Judge Henry G. Jorgenson's little courtroom. The blonde and attractive Mrs. Andrews, held In Jail for 44 days since her indictment and denial of bail, remained calmly confident that she would be acquitted of charges that she shot and killed young Lovett the night of July 15, because, the state claims, they had argued over Jay's friendship with another Curmel valley matron. Her attorney, Leo Friedman, veteran of the sensational Roscoe (Fatty) Arbuckle and David Lamson trials, has charged that implications of a "love affair" between the wealthy Mrs. Andrews and young Jay have been "distorted to constitute a slur" and will not be proven. He insists the youth committed suicide. Yank Planes Drop Supplies in Warsaw Arnheim link up with the armored spearheads advancing north from Eindhoven, they will open a path fur a fast dash into northwest Germany. The uurthern end of the Siegfried Line is at Kleve, IS miles southeast Continued on Fuse Thirteen .MOSCOW, Sept. 19. UF>— American Flying Fortresses in one of the largest shuttle operations ever sent into Russia dropped scores of tons of arms, food, ammunition and medicine to Polish patriots fighting inside Warsaw yesterday The United States Eastern Air Cumrnund announced today that two bombers and two escorting Mustang fighters were lost. Not a single plane carried bombs and all swooped Nljnirgen areas can j thousands of feet below their cruising altitudes to make sure the supply ('ministers would parachute accurately into parts of Warsaw General Bur's men are holding. German aerial opposition was described officially us "not serious." British Enter San Marino to Fight Nazi Invaders Copenhagen Sentries Open Fire on Nazis NEW YORK, Sept. 19. C*)—The Cerma.n radio in Denmark asserted today thut sentries outside the palace in Copenhagen opened fire on German marines late today, several hour* after the Nazlw occupied all public buildings and declared a "police state of emergency" throughout the little kingdom. The broadcast, recorded by the Federal Communications Commission, reported losses on both sides as Germans returned the fire. King Christian and Queen Alexandrine were said to ha ye returned residence in the palace two weeks ago after a year and a half absence. KOMK, Sept. 19. (UP.) —British Eighth Army troops entered the tiny republic of Hun Marino near the Adriatic coast today to engage German forces operating there in violation of its proclaimed neutrality. The British troops crossed the frontier at Faetuno, :! miles northwest of Mon.tescudo, and advanced 1 mile toward the city of Sun Marino, 11 miles inland arid approximately In the center of the little republic. 100,000 Refugees The country, with an area of 38 square miles and a normal population of about 14,000, was crowded wHJi some 100,000 refugees. Although it had proclaimed its neutrality and ported signs to that effect all along Its borders, Allied reconnaissance planes found that Germans had set up gun emplacements inside the frontiers and were using highways for supply convoys. United States Fifth Army troops, meanwhile, climaxed days of hard fighting well inside the German Gothic line by capturing three heavily fortified heights. They were Mount Prutone "1 miles north and slightly cast of Florence, which is more than :i:tuO feet high; Mount Altu/zo, ;; miles west of Prutone. and Mount Celll, 1 mile northwest of Alluzzo. Kighting Bitter The fighting for these three features was us bitter us any action In the entire Italian campaign, with the Germans using veteran, well- trained troops in dug-in positions and concrete pillboxes behind barbed wire entanglements and mine fields. The capture of the heights, however, put the Fifth Army 21 air line miles north of Florence and about 30 miles from Bologna, key city of the Po valley. Farther west Fifth Army units made considerable gains despite numerous mine fields and heavy artillery fire. They captured more ground on both sides of the Serchio river north of Lucca, and units of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force operating with the Americans continued to advance lit an unidentified sector. Index to Advertisers Page Abrams. Dr. It. V ........................... 9 Artcraft of California ................ „ 2 Arvin Theater ................................ 10 Austin Studio .................................. 4 Booth's ......................................... 2, 3 Brock's ..................................... 3 [{rundugo Pharmacy .................... 10 Citizens l^iiundry .......................... 10 Coffee, Hurry ......... ......................... a Cullitou, John \V .......................... 10 FlickiHKor-DlRier .......................... 13 Frank Meat Company .................. 6 Fox Theaters .................................. 10 Granada. Theater ............................ 10 Harrison's ... .................................... 10 Hu.sk.cll. Dr. Harold ...................... 2 Ivers Furniture ............................ a. 8 Judds .............................................. _ 9 KERN .......................................... _.. 8 KPO ................................................. . 8 Lawson's .......................................... 2 Llm, T ....................................... „ ..... 10 Lois— House of Beauty ........ . ....... j> MeMahan'a ................................ „... 2, Montgomery Ward .................... .... &> Phillipa Music Co. ................. ____ „ 3 Rlalto Theater ..................... ......™W River Theater ............ — , -------- ,....!(>•> Union Cemetery ............. ......«»...7, IS Victory Foods Fair, .............. ___ ,.,10 Virginia Theater .......................... _w Wetll's .......................................... „ « Yarn Shop

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