The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 15, 1944 · Page 16
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 16

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LI I i? \'ff. I Friday tan in post nffice nt Rakpr.«field. C;i1lforni;), as mail under tht- act of Congress March 3, MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED TPh* Associated PTPSF IP «cchisively entitled to Oir UPP foi tfon of nil news dispatch*-?* credited to it or not otl.ei•\v i .<-'in thli paper, and also thr Im-al nrws published KErUESEXTATlVES Wrin-Holiday Co., Inc. New York. Chicago, San Krnnrisro. TOP Arecies. . Portland. Df>m 01 troops on combat fronts. In Berlin thev are 9f nd cia»s probably sick to neurcsthenic despair over Ihe incessant nerve-wracking roar and crash s of bombs falling over the Reich. There can emitted be no question but what the German civilian ! populace is jus! nbout at the end of its "psy- ; chological" tether—that it is on the point of W EDITOR'S NOTE—Until such time a* Krnlc Pyle's column 1« resumed following 1 his vacation, this space will be used for war feature stories. ('fleeting some kind of ape" from (he WASHINGTON. D, C , The Haskm Service, \VashiiiKtun, P. O, By carrier cr mail fin advance) in postal y. per month, S^c; six months, J7>.JO; mi** vrai |>oetal zones lour lo right* per month, $1.<>,">. onrv two. f '"I. K\ ITIMll MI END OF THE WAR OLS "pools'* are being formed n which ilio cnlranls arc wagering as lo \vhen the war in Europe will he over. These belting lists are being reporled all over the nation. They range from small groii|Wwith 10 cents a guess on through a dollar a dale i mvc been and to huge sums. ordeal il has suffered now for more than a year of Ihe almost incessant pulverizing explosions of large bombs. The fact that a Berlin crowd is dcmon- slraling and has been lircd upon leads to the conclusion, at least wilh qualifications, that Ihis is another sign similar to those of the first World War, when the civilians started rioting in Germany before (he military breakup and finally when the German navy actually mutinied upon order to go into the North sea in a last attempt, which would against the British home These wagering "rings" are obviously stimulated lo speculate upon the end of Ihc war by the faet that its progress is so favorable. Even General Eisenhower lias predicted that the war will be over before the ilccl. In other words, it is another sign of the German breakdown and one which needs no astuteness to interpret. The German guns havc alread been end of this year, providing everyone does his are , urnill£ , their own part-Hint's a limiting qualification, an "out" ail( | , hal xvav loads lo po ij lical Ina(lncss an<1 turned on the generals. Now the Germans on the civilians By DKWITT MacKENZIK Associated Tress War-Analysl T'nited Nations success in Europe bitter hatred rontlMWH to pile up HO consistently that you knock wood on learning about each successive pain for fear luck just can't continue to be so pood—but the mont significant news is the word from Quebec conference circles that Allied armies are driving into Hot-many ahead of D-Dny schedule. This means that way back at the time of the invasion, more than three months ngo t the Allied high command did such a remarkable job of crystal-gazing—calculating supply problems, military progress, weathfr and what not—that they are still on the beam for General Eisenhower's prediction that the war is likely to end this year. Yesterday this column exprossed the view that Allied generalship has been superior (o the traditionally high-class German military leadership. Well, here is a case in hand at a decisive moment. Things are going so well that London says I'nited States war planning chiefs are reported to have established October :u as the tenta- of course, but il shows nevertheless thai even the cautious military mind is becoming the dissolution of government. The symptoms of the German political optimistic and specific wilh respect lo our nia iady are as apparent now to the world as victory. There is every reason now to be optimistic over the end of the war because even the army shares that optimism, but we can all be foolish if we "lei down" because we believe the war mav be over within a few *• months. the facial decay of a leper. GOOD CHINESE NEWS C .\n in ITHI: of (he Chinese cilv of Tencluma v tr Yunan province is good news, one "outside" date for the collapse of organized resistance in Germany. Not being a prophet 1 won't argue that point, but merely reiterate that anytliing can happen at any time when German fortunes are in such critical slate, though thero is Jikelv to be some tough fighting yet. We must keep in mind that the which the German people have been giving the Allied troops who have already reached Nazi soil. The Nazi will to tight on is there. That's the known quantity. The unknown element is how much strength remains to implement this determination. True, it's clear that the Reich is close to ncollapse, but •Hitler may be able to put up a stiff final battle after shortening his fronts and concentrating his terribly depleted man-power. While there's vast encouragement in the news that the Allies have reached German soil, and even have cracke dthe outer defenses of the westwall (or Siegfried line) at one or two points, we aren't entitled to reach sweeping conclusions from this. The Nazis won't try to defend all points of the frontier, and it must be remembered that the west- wall isn't a wall at all. The westwall isn't a solid line of fortifications, as its name suggests. The French Maginot lines does have a barrier of concrete and steel forts, rom Fil es o N The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian, thi« date. 1934) Headlines: State Legislature Passes Relief Bond Issue'for $24,000,000; Would Help Jobless. Delinquent Taxpayers, Mortgaged Property, t. Miss Ruth Harper of the music department at the high school will I of Hitler. ews ws (By PAUL MALLON)WASHINGTON*, Sept. 15.—The next international conference (the big one) is not slated for London or Paris, but Berlin. Stalin Is to join Roosevelt and Churchill in the German capital as soon as the troops move In, perhaps even before the final surrender but while the westwall hag many fortifications it comprises a 'maze of defenses of many sorts arranged in great depth. The line varies from 10 to 30 miles in width. It's so constructed that great fire-power can be concentrated on any given point from several directions, and the general idea is to let enemy teach piano on Saturday at her home, Mrs. Nora Ruebsam has added a Hollywood barber. Jack Brophy, to her beauty parlor staff. Harry H. Fink, tailor, has returned from a visit to the east and Havana. Local page headlines: Auditorium Bond Issue Defeated; Building Project Loses by Margin of 245 ballots. Charles P.- Martin has been appointed a member of the state Democratic central committee. Santa Barbara has issued an Invitation for the 20-30 convention in 1935. Germans thus far have given everv troops get well into the midst of .L J. _ • ; bright ray from a pretty gloomy selling in We should and must conserve our food, ' "«• oriental combat /one. The capture of gasoline, tires, and must ply the tasks before lllis ci| y was remarkable in two respects, the us wilh the same vigor that has brought the * irsl °' which is thai i! was the initial Chi- war lo the success enjoyed thus far. ncse city lo be liberated from the Japan morale after a series of had reverses. 11 look six weeks of hard fighting to recap- lure the city, which is the third largest in Yunan and was once a big commercial The fact thai people arc helling on a «»d second, i( was of value in aiding Chinese terminal dale for the war indicates in itself a kind of wish fulfillment hut it should go no further than that for the time being. - If the nation goes into a prc-viclory lapse of effort the war may he continued much longer than any of us anticipate. The reason we are winning this war is because of our abundance of munitions of war and large i hardmcnls which reduced many of the build- armies. The large armies were supplied by the draft boards and the munitions of war indication that they intend to battle to a finish. Their military operations sho\v this, and liHIer has Riven fresh signs of his own determination in a warning to the people to "fight to the bitter end" and not bow to any Allied ultimatum for surrender. Tho Naxl dictator tells his people that there is "no differ- once between these so-called 'liberators' and bloodthirsty Russians." This sort of talk apaprently has registered with at least part of the population, judging from glances of these fortifications and then slaughter them with intense gunfire. So capture of an outpost of the west- wall doesn't necessarily indicate a quick breakthrough. One of the greatest threats to the morale of the German population is the terrific bombing. Yesterday, for example, between 5000 and 6000 Allied planes dumped 10,000 tons of bombs into the Reich between the border and Berlin—aft-r General Eisenhower had given fair warning that heavy bombing was coming. y woo ERSK1NE JOHNSON) Inclusively yours: After a series | Charles Boyer will do a New York Our air forces assisted in softening up the objective for capture by their aerial bom- in # s *° • This victory clears another obstacle from i by the factories and civilian employes at tllc Hurma-Ledo road and will permit a mili- home. lary juncture with the Chin and General Those of us at home must nol incense the Slilxvcll's forces in northern Burma, fighting men on combat fronts by assuming it is all over but the shouting, for this viewpoint is entirely false and can be very clam- aging if it induces a relapse in effort. COURSE OF GOVERNMENT S o MANY me railroads in HIS >var lias been used to the prepare nation for a "planned economy." The Federal government, according to (lie authors of "For Americans Only," is now managing the business of the country almost lo the same extent as in the Axis nations For instance, through bureaus the government allocates raw materials, fuel and transportation. Manufacturers arc told what to RAILROAD FATALITIES men have been taken from the to Ihc armed services and the railroads have been overworked and overtaxed for so Jong now that the news of an accident now and then is certainly not surprising under the circumstances, though certainly no less tragic when it does occur. This week a bad accident was reported near Terre Haute, Iml, when two passenger trains collided, killing and injuring many persons. We know from our experience at home that railroad men and their equipment have • — *•»- — — —— *"• «-» — — - -• - -* — •.* *.-» — *-^ •*».*.%•• -V- • fc_* ^*4 ^, I i..r M ^_B TTJA\«l »V I * produce and farmers are (old wln,l and when bec " Undcr a , tC1 T lblc slrain ' Thc railroad to grow their crops. Manufactured products and foods are rationed, prices arc fixed— also wages and rents. The government exercises its right to rewrite labor contracts, and through a point rationing system it can effect Huclualions in monetary values. . Increased ownership of land bv the aov- * * ^^ eminent has been a notable and readily h apparent trend of government described bv * many as socialism. For instance, the Federal government now owns more than onc- iii'th of all the land in the Tniird Stales and accident rale has been low, however, that of hfavy dramas, I rone Dunne is in the market for a lilmusical after she completes "Together Again" at Columbia. It's a O. I. request. During a hospital tour all the boys n.slied, "When are you going to do something like 'Show Boat' again?" . . . Eleanor Powell is confiding to intimates that she probably will retire from the screen after the birth of her baby. She's the wife of Sergeant Glenn Ford . . . Twentieth Century-Fox will immediately star Hichard Greene in a movie when he returns to Hollywood this fall. He won u medical discharge from the British army after three and a half years service . . . Louis Hayward and Ida Lupino deny those reconciliation rumors. There will be no immediate divorce, though, because of their religious beliefs. Ironic twist to the report of Maurice Chevalier's demise in Paris as a Nazi-lover. His most popular American movie was "Playboy of Paris" . . . Warbler Ella Logan is planning to convert her eastern farm into a war orphans home . . . Monogram is reviving the Cisco Kid scries, with Duncan Rinaldo in the role Warner Baxter created. Title of the first will be "The Cisco Kid Returns." Sonja IJenie has landed on the back side of her lap twice during filming of ice skating scenes for a new film. The movie is entitled, "It's a Pleasure." Ha! . . . Judy Canova's husband, Private Chet England, spent his entire two-week furlough in Hollywood—decorating their new baby's nursery . . , Since hearing Harry James* version of "Hora Staccato" in "Bathing Beauty," Oroucho Marx refers to the maestro as the "William Saroyan of music." it has been almost negligible, except to the persons actually involved in tragic acci- dcnls and ihcir relatives. Another new dance for the screen is the poker polka. A chorus line will introduce it in the Jane Powell film, "High Among the Stars." , , . play if his agent can find one he likes. So far he hasn't liked any of them. Johnny Weissmuller, who recently moved into a new home, has no tele- j phone. Here's what happened when the studio phoned him the other day to discuss his new film, "Tarzan and the Amazons." The studio called his agent, who called the golf club. The golf club sent a boy on a bicycle out to find Johnny. Johnny sent the boy back. The golf club called tho agent. The agent called the studio and said, "Johnny can't come to the telephone. He's playing golf." Oracie Allen broke up everybody including herself, on the Army's "Mail Call" radio show the other night. Talking to Nelson Eddy, Gracie said: "Do you realize that if you sang with .Teanette MacDonald you would be the outstanding romantic sinner of the country?" The word was "singer." . . . Eddie Robinson can't complain about type casting. He tracked down the murderer as an insurance claims adjuster in "Double Indemnity." Now he's playing a killer in "The Woman in the Window." Film audiences, accustomed to fadeout clinches, may get a shock when they see "Brewster's Millions." Opening scene shows Dennis O'Keefe and Helen Walker in a lingering kiss. To save wear and tear on the ushers, theater managers probably will have to flash notice on the screen, "Please re main seated—the rest of the picture will follow immediately," And it's Paul Henreid's story about two privates in Egypt who lived for months on dehydrated beef, dehydrated milk, dehydrated butter and dehydrated vegetables. Visiting the Cairo museum, they saw their first mummy. "This is going too far," observed one. "Now they're dehydrating women." (Copyright. 1944, NEA Service, Inc.) TWEXTV YEARS AGO (The Californian, thia date. 1924) A Boy Scout band of 40 members, sponsored by the Elks Lodge, is being organized. A. E. Phillips is the director. Permission to erect a $10.000 residence in Alta Vista Tract has been granted R. A. Harlow, T. N. Harvey was elected president of Kern County Bar Association today. Her sister having won the 192P. award, Evelyn Palmer was today chosen for the J924 Landers Scholarship by Security Trust Company, upon recommendation of County Superintendent L. E. Chenoweth. Burglars broke into the A. E. C. Bakery and rifled the cash register of $10 and other thieves broke into the homo of John W. Young and stole clothing last night. Harrison Elliott will address an inter-city meeting in Shatter Wednesday night. -' ENEMY RESISTANCE" MS MY resistance in Italy is "increasing tremendously," according to an Asso- Tfc e eaclers* Viewpoint something less than half of Ihc land fornia. ciated Press dispatch from Rome. Enemy resistance is increasing greatlv today on the *+ ' \.J »- 4/ (ierman frontiers. All military men knew that the Germans were on a retreat from France after the crucial battle of Normandy and everyone knew that thev would one dav in Call- ! ma kc a stand when they had finally reached Hie positions they wished to defend. N o \v manv In 18 stales, including California, Federal employes outnumber stale employes, including police, firemen and teachers. j j| * * I . : . ~ -•*•**- ••--•••^x> i^'^ii^fl iii^it Jl v~ui &*UC11 U « ^o e u b °° k lhc "" 'T 'T 1 ° llt lllnl ! acli(ms "»<' «« hl i" <l*™vc defensive en- in 19J3 there were JJ independent Federal «.M,p mpn K persons believe the crippled German forces havc reached the lines where they are determined to end their rearguard agencies. Now there are more than 1900. The govcrnmenTs inveslnu'nl in aviation ants is 10 times that of private capital. .When the war ends the government will own One-half of the nation's machine tool manufacturing facilities. Social security is only as secure as the taxpayer and wilh mounting taxes and old age creeping up on all of us, even social security is threatened by mounting taxes. As an example of how we are governed by decree, at one time the OPA had issued 31510 regulations, infractions of which evoke (he punishment of the law and without recourse to the law on appeal for many of these orders. From now until Ihe iinal collapse it seems reasonable lo predict stiffened German resistance and, tragically enough, it is only delaying, at the cost of thousands of Ainer• .... ,.., i i^ •• i •• ., ,, . , | iuaiJiiyer«. i i:iust*iy NiTuiim/.uu me ican and Knglish lives, the Iinal day ot mill- | budget set up by the district for this lary judgment. THE DRAFT AGAIN KDITOU'S NOTE—Irftlera should b* limited io 150 words; may attack Jdeaa but not persons; must not be abusive and should be written legibly and on one aide of the paper. Tne Californian is not responsible tor Ihe nentinienlfl contained thtrefn and reserves the right to reject auj tellers. •9 must bear an authentic address and signature, althouab these will be withheld If desired. my opinion, Js money that is being 1 foolishly expended, for Section 6492 of the Health and Safety Code of the state of California states that the county council shall give stich legal advice as may be requested of them by the district and shall bring: such legal actions as may be necessary for the district to bring and give such other competent legal advice as they may be requested to do by the district. The county council receives just compensation out of the taxpayer's money every yenr and this body should be well qualified to take care of the legal requirements and needs of the district. The information that I have given to the taxpayers may be verified, as it is a matter of public record, and I certainly feel that some pressure should be brought upon tho bonrd of directors of the North of the River Sanitary District, which will stop the unnecessary spending of the taxpayers money. AN IRATE TAXPAYER. Bakersfield. September 15. NORTH RIVER Editor The Californian: 1 note with interest the article appearing in The Californian of September 1^, wherein two of the board of directors of ithe North of the River Sanitary District make certain statements pertaining to their activities, the savings that they have made on behalf of the district and the fact that the tax rate for the district has been set at 55c per hundred dollars valuation for the fiscal year ending June ao, 1945. They further state, "No additional tax money being asked for maintenance and operation." As a taxpayer, there were certain questions that came to my mind when reading this 'article, so I decided to have them answered. These questions, no doubt, are also in the minds of many taxpayers. 1 closely scrutinized tho om-; men be available from Class 1-A fiscal year, and much to my surprise I found first, these two figures: Salaries and wages, $3710; maintenance and operation, $7700, for a total of $11,410, In the first place, It is not reason- ble to assume that the board should find it necessurv to expend $;{710 • *•.*+• than will l>e needed for the armed serv- ANOTHER SYMPTOM T HE French Forces of the Interior report hearing over the German radio that the German S. S. or Elite Guard had fired on German civilians demonstrating for peace in Berlin. f •, & This week the Allied air forces made one p£ the heaviest aerial bombardments of the .war over major German cities. The civilians ibave in many instances suffered much heav- jter bombardments from the|J<ur than have ices for the rest of this year, according to Major-Genernl Lewis B. llershey, who estimated that ()<M),000 physically able men will ho eligible for service while the actual needs will be about 600,000. General Hershey is reported to have sent and Iron) lists oi hoys (liming 18 years | for wages and salaries between now and the end of this fiscal yenr; and as to the item of maintenance and operation, In the amount of $7700, I hesitate to make any definite statement. But I would like to know what the board is maintaining and what operations it is carrying out that would cost $7700 per year, and where is the $11,410 Doming from? It is reasonable to assume that there are sufficient funds on hand i ,i , M , « . • i to tne credit of the district which a ietier to all drat I board members detailing | would permit the paying out of this amount, but, as I see it In my own mind, the board at the present t'nie is practically inoperative. They have no garbage contract to administer, nor do they have a sewer system to maintain and operate, nor is any expected for the duration. It might also Interest other taxpayers to know that last year there was expended by the board nearly $700 for the auditing of books. This appears to me to be an exorbitant these facts and listing his requirements up lo the first of next year. By age groups, he listed available men as: 18-25, 345,000; 26-29, 80,000; 30-37, 55,000, and 210,000 reaching the age of 18 within the rest of this year. Now, after 11,000,000 more or less have been inducted, the armed services can be more specific {ban they could during the ] carJy days of the war. A ON EDUCATION Editor The Californian; Your paper is to be congratulated for printing the courageous article on education by Mr. Paul AlaUon It is true, of course, that progren- sive education has almost ruined some of public schools and it iw gratifying to know that the Kein County Union High school, with few exceptions, have wtuck to good fundamental principles in education It is about our grude and junior high schools that some of us are worried. My 'daughter attended a junior high school in this city. .She entered high school last week and tells me that ahe, together with other members of her class, are handicapped by lack of knowledge in fundamental subjects. Her deficiences seem principally to be in the fundamentals of grammar and mathematics. A great many extraneous activities seem to have taken the place of these necessary skills. Please ask Miss Mae Saunders to comment on this subject, as we parents respect her opinions and THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date, 3914) Germany's armies to the north and east of Paris, after retreating for upwards of 50 miles toward the Belgian frontier, are today making a stand along the Aisne river. Miss Edna Smith and Lester L. Cole will be married this evening. Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Lufkin. who have been spending five months in Orqgon, returned home yesterday. t»r. "W. F. Sutherst. who has just taken charge of Kern County High School Farm, announces plans for a campaign to eradicate weeds. A. E. Stegeman is a candidate for county surveyor. Russia now occupies the whole of the Galician oil fields. It seems extremely improbable that Russia will ever let so of Galicia or Austrian Poland. Russia is, and always has been, next to the United States as the largest producer of oil in the world, FORTY YEARS AGO (The'Californian, this date, 3904) Antonio Banducci, age 15, was accidently shot in the arm yesterday. The Buttonwillow boy was in Cuyama valley en route home from the coast when the accident occurred. Concluding with a dance, celebration of Mexican Independence day is planned at Half-Way house tomorrow. Headlines: Liao Yang Chinese Assist Japanese; Whole Population Working- on Fortifications; Celestials Unfriendly to Slavs. Membership of Grand Aerie of Eagles now totals 150,000, according to Grand Worthy President Sullivan, of New York. James A. Bernard has returned from the coast. He traveled overland to the ocean, thence south to Newhall, and back by way of Elizabeth lake. Democratic headquarters In the Stock Exchange building were open today with W. H. Vaughn in charge. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date, 1894) T. A. Wells is touring: the southern end oCtthe county in connection with his candidacy for recorder. The doors of the theater in Opera alley were closed permanently last night. S. J. Rhymes has bought Kern Valley meat ' market, formerly owned by Chatom & Anderson. Finishers are at work on the Dinkelspiel block, preparing that storeroom for occupancy, The handsome residence of A. P. Eyraud is now completed on the corner of M and Seventeenth streets. Supervisors White and Taylor are spending the day in the new Paleto road district, on a trip of inspection. S. C. Smith and party left in a light rig this afternoon to visit San Luis Opisbo county. SO THEY SAY Mexico has aligned herself at the side of the Allied nations and has sent troops—those which are being trained in the United States now— to fight at the side of our Allies.— Manuel Avila Camacho, president of Mexico. The Polish question concerns the permanent settlement of relations in Europe such as will guarantee harmony and is closely linked with bases of a future lasting peace.— Polish Premier 'Stanislaw Mikolajczyk. For me, tne greatest coach either on or of fthe track is Jesus Christ, Christ in the heart gives us the only This, at least, Is the current plan toward which work already has been started but personally I have some doubts as to whether it can be fulfilled, especially before election. Mr. Roosevelt wanted to go to the fighting front in Guam when he was in Honolulu. In fact, he planned it. but Admiral Nimitz persuaded him not to dare needlessly the risk of air or sea attack from the bypassed Jap bases. (His publicist, Elmer Davis, went on according to plan.) The Germans are not going to stir- render this time the way they did in 1918. All their tactics show Hitler hopes to fight for every inch of ground and then swing his movement underground, and not Just in Germany, but as an international fascist movement along the lines the communists perfected in Germany and elsewhere. Experience with both military and political booby traps tells us he must have planned his political retreat from France as bitterly as his military retreat. If he was able he left behind men and money to carry on his work in the highest places and by the strongest means possible. Hitler considers this war only a phase of his movement, a temporary failure, as indeed his less crafty but equally fanatical Mussolini has publicly proclaimed in a book, predicting that years hence fascism will be the popular world system. So we are not quite up to the facts when we wonder only what we will do with Germany to make her a peaceful neighbor. We must plan to stamp out a ruthless underground world movement plotting, in defeat, its future victory. Also the resentful reception given our troops in captured German cities adds weight to the suspicion that Berlin may not be the pleasantest place in the world for its liberating leaders for a while. Every wisp of fundamental news lately furthermore has suggested we are babes in the woods of politics in Europe. Our diplomacy there is far behind our army. As one of our civilian administrators has written back from Italy: "You can forget all that noble stuff they taught us at Charlottesville (the army's civilian administra- % tion school) as soon as you come* over here. As a practical matter you must follow the British around and learn from them." True it is that the British have raised and trained for generations in the intrigue methods of Europe. That is how they kept their empire together so long and maintained their hold over Europe—by superior * cleverness. A straightforward, straight talking American cannot possibly know even what the rules of the grame are. ^ These are fundamentals for post- w war, while we tend to talk, think and act superficially (read WJIlkie in a current weekly magazine, for instance.) The European public mind outside the cities IH a peasant mind, nothing: like that of the American farmer or anything in America. The cities are Leftist Socialist of either the Fascist or Communist variety. But. we talk such academic matters as "sovereignties." Stalin, for example, ia developing a practical interpretation of sovereignty. While lie told Messrs. Roosevelt and Churchill he was too busy to attend their Quebec conference, be was taking over Rumania, Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia and the whole Balkans, where London formerly wielded great political influence through finance and diplomacy. This will have more to do with their sovereignty than anything possible at Quebec. Formerly their currencies, for instance, were tied to sterling. But sterling now is tied to the dollar and the dollar is founded on gold. We must maintain gold at $36 an ounce for our bookkeeping safety, , yet Stalin can mine it and sell it to us for a cost of say $15 an ounce. This means Stalin can buy $36 worth of American goods for $15 of his gold values. Likewise liis former Leftist Socialist theories seem to be switching from the Communal to the Democratic formula. In Poland, Italy and elsewhere he asks only that his local people be represented in the Parliament and the government. As his group is everywhere the most militant remaining political force in all Europe the Democratic formula will suit his purposes. Great events in history are forced and made inevitable by the thousands of little events going before. This war Itself was made inevitable by the opposing political forces involved, and the murderous methods they employed from the beginning. Is a superficial peace now being made inevitable by the little events in the daily news showing the trend of fundamentals. Does any one have the solution? * (World copyright.'1044. by Kins FwtiirM Syndicate. Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in full or in part strlcllj prohibited.) umn KDSON) There are a number of intriguing details not mentioned in the department of state's report on the Tyler Kent case. Kent, it will be recalled, is the now 33-year-old United States code clerk who four years ago was sentenced to a seven-year term in British prison, after conviction In a British court for violating the Official Secrets Act. Specifically, he was charged with obtaining and delivering to an agent of Germany copies of abstracts of documents useful to the enemy, and of theft of docu- meqts which were the property of the United States government, In the custody of Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy in London. The state department now reveals that copies of over 1500 documents were found in Kent's possession, but what it does not mention is that among the^ documents were exchanges of coded messages between President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, believed to discuss repeal of the United States neutrality act, the Johnson act, the destroyer-Atlantic base swap, and outlines entered the war. All this intrigue might possibly have political significance in an election year, but the real reason for the state department's report at this time is to give Kent's official record so as to quiet discussion In Congress and check a letter-writing campaign which the young man's mother, Mrs. Ann H. P. Kent, of Washington, has been conducting for the last few months in the interest of obtaining her son's release from British prison and his return to the United States. There Is general understanding and sympathy with Mrs. Kent's loyalty to her son, but that does not remove the facts of his trial and conviction. Mrs. Kent herself, in making an appeal to President Roosevelt for her son's release In 3942, wrote, "I know my son's offense was a grave one." Mrs. Kent's own version of the case is that her son first became violently anti-Communist during his service in Moscow as a member of the staff of Ambassador "William C. Bullitt, from 1933 to 1939. Young Kent was In Moscow during the great purge of 1936 and became so embittered that in 1939 he was transferred to London, where he was assigned to code-room work. Because of his anti-Communist sympathies, he became Interested In similar political activities In London and was a member of a club known as "The Right," headed by Captain A. H. M. Ramsey, a conservative. member of Parliament. Tn this group W as one Anna Wolkoff, a White Russian refugee. Another group with which young Kent became associated was "The Link." a group which believed that the salvation of Europe lay in friendly understanding between Germany and Britain. In making copies of the Roosevelt-Churchill cables, it is Mrs. Kent's contention that her son intended to -bring these documents back to the United States and present them to the Senate to show how the President was planning to bring the United States into war in support of Great Britain. Instead, however, she believes that her son showed the documents to Captain Ramsey. Copies of all the documents were found in Kent's room when it was seached by Scotland Yard operatives in May, 1940. The state department report links young Kent closely with Anna Wolkoff and by inference indicates that she was the anti-Jewish and pro- Nazi confederate who was linked with the Germans. The state department also reveals for the first time that Tyler Kent had made application for transfer to the United States embassy In Berlin. • Mrs. Kent's efforts have been successful in getting her son removed from common criminal imprisonment in Britain to political imprisonment on the Isle of Wight. When he is released by the British, he will be free to return to the United States, but it Is possible that as he sets foot on United States soil he might be arrested by this government and have to face new charges. luiestions an A nswers Q. How far can television be transmitted?— M. N. A. Waves used to transmit television can be sent only as far as one can see from the antenna which is transmitting them. However, even from the highest antenna available today, reception cannot be depended upon beyond an area 60 miles wide happiness that will endure. The only around the transmitting station. It way to run the race of life is to run it with Christ.—Gil Dodds, international running champion. has been found that television pro grams sent out from the Alexandra palace in London in foggy weather occasionally have been seen clearly PEN SHAFfS With the Germans, Instead of two sides to the question there are three —from Russia, from Italy and from Prance. One of the greatest drawbacks to divorce iff that alimony won't play with the children, A fat person is one who always sits between you and the aisle in a movie. A hard winter is predicted by the coal supply. Do your overseas mailing now and avoid the crush. 100 miles and hazily several thousand. t a distance of Q. What ruler had to be reminded from time to time that he was mortal?—W. I. D. A'. Philip of Macedon. It is recorded that a servant in his audience room was required to say to him "Philip, remember that thou art mortal." Q. How much weight can a single human hair support?—R. A, A. A strong single hair can support from two to nearly three ounces. An entire head of hair could lift as much as 3600 to 5400 pounds. ChJ. nese acrobats have been known to swing by their hair from high trapezes and ropes of hair have been used in that country to build bridges. Q. Is it true that during the Civil War gunfire was at one time directed from a balloon?—T, E, C. A. On September 24, 1861, a civil- Ian aeronaut, T. C. Lowe, directed Union Army artillery fire from a balloon at Fort Corcoran, Washing. ton, D. C., against Confederate targets in Virginia. Q. Is there really a bird with phosphorescent breast?—B. V. A. There is a legend that the black-crowned night heron thrown Q. What American school Is the; 0 »t a light from its breast at night A THOUGHT FOR TODAY + r As saith the proverb of the ancients. Wickedness praceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee* — Samuel 24:13. * * * amount of money. And, last but not think she is doing exceptionally fine Oh, the blind counsels of the guilty! least. I find an Hem of $100 per work in The Bakersfield CalifornJan. month for attornty'a fees. This, in "WORRIED Oh, how cowardly always! is wickedness Statius. farthest north?—J. I. C. A The United States government school at Barrow, Alaska, Js the most northerly American school, though not so far north as sonre in the Soviet Union. Barrow in 330 miles north of the Arctic circle. Q. Does «a nylon parachute last longer than one made of silk?—N. C. D. A. Silk parachutes were limited to a ttfteful life of seven years. Nylon ones, apparently, last indefinitely. Q. What Is a hollow-cut silhouette?—M. M. A. It is one in which the figure is cut out of white paper and in then pasted upon a black background. attract fish. Though observers i .;iim to have seen It, ornithologists have not yet confirmed this phenomenon. n Q. Are there many people with perfect eyesight?—N. S. T. A. Better Vision Institute say* that probably not more than two out of every 100 have perfect eyes. Q. How old is Mickey Mouse?—M. E. V. A. Walt Disney created Mouse in 1928. «, Mickey A r«der o*n get th« answer to an? Quest lot eff net by writia, Tb* BtMnfUld CtJfomU Information Bureau, sin En a N. E.. *• '^

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