The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas on October 6, 1971 · Page 57
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The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas · Page 57

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Wednesday, October 6, 1971
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Hospital-Caused Infection Compounds Illness The Drug You Drink-11 Her Habit Not Funny By WAYNE LEE News Associate Editor (See Story Page 3) Linda truly is 38, going on 100. Her story was pieced together by her grieving family and friends. There is no composite of an alcoholic, especially a female alcoholic. It is as if America is just now recognizing that it can happen here. Each alcoholism case is different, affecting all the rungs on the social scale and encompassing all the alcohol on the market. A person can get hooked on beer, wine or hard liquor. In Linda's case, exotic drinks were the original drut;. She is attractive and the mother of two school-aged children. Her husband is a success, measured by their home and their two cars in the garage. He works hard, and he is happy in the beginning. The children are growing up bright. At first Linda saw herself as a social drinker. She associated alcohol with fun times and sophistication. Her friends not only condoned drinking, they encouraged it. And the stories and jokes Linda had heard concerning alcohol confirmed to her that her drinking pattern wasn't unusual. It was. Crutch For Hum-Drum Days Linda leaned on alcohol originally to get her through the hum-drum days as a housewife. When she was invited to a luncheon where alcohol was going to be served, she fixed herself a relaxer at home. If she was going to a luncheon where alcohol was not on the menu, she had two or more drinks at home to be more relaxed with her friends. She was more fun when she drank, and more sure of herself, she felt. Linda watched herself carefully so that she did not drink before 11 a.m., a sign that she had heard of and feared. But she made jokes about looking especially forward to 11 a.m. She did. She started drinking "pick-me-ups" whenever her day lagged, which was often. Going without alcohol made her feel drowsy or irritable — almost hung over — and she resented it. She was a heavy drinker. Her tolerance was hieh, and she sought constant euphoria as a part of her life. But she became worried about her drinking and vowed not to have a drink between the time .the children came home from school and her husband's arrival' for dinner. So she would have a quick drink just before the children got home to tide her through that evening period. And she soon found herself sneaking a quick drink away from the eyes of the children to get her through this period, too. Overnight, it seemed, to her, the alcohol started to betray her. Often, by the time her husband came home, her speech was slurred. She did not want to be drunk, she wanted euphoria and good times. But she was tipsy. Her husband was upset more and more often. The children were puzzled. Drinks Instead of Meals Linda started declining the meal, and fixing defiant drinks in the living room instead. Her husband started to argue with her over what they used to laugh about—the wonderful effects of booze. Her husband refused to buy liquor. Linda bought it herself, and she started to hide it. Her friends and family now noticed she had liquor on her breath early in the mornings. Privately, her hands shake until she has that first drink in the morning. Her closest friends tell her she should cut down on drinking. Her husband wants her to quit. He worries about the children. Arguments dominate all conversation in the house Linda hides her liquor now in places where even she forgets them. She has switched to vodka early in the morning thinking it can't be smelled on her breath. It'can. In the .kitchen, booze is found in plastic soap bottles, Clorox bottles, and even in empty little seasoning jars. In her bedroom, Linda has removed the booze from drawers and easy hiding places to light fixtures, furnaces, in flasks between mattresses, in perfume bottles and other cosmetic containers. Her husband feels betrayed. He is thinking of divorce in disgust. He is ashamed to seek help for her because it might endanger his social status, and embarrass the children. His status as a man's man is questioned, too, in his own mind, • They no longer go anywhere. Friends no longer come to the house. They sympathize with him, and he starts to go out alone. The children dream up excuses to stay away from home, and they are beginning to hate their mother. Linda has sunk to the bottom. She vows she will go for help if she gets worse. She can't get much worse. .' Many Lindas Here. There are a lot of Lindas in Kansas. And the ranks are growing by the day. Nationally it is estimated that perhaps 1 in 10 alcoholics is a woman. Many Kansans in the alcoholism field say a 1 in five ratio isn't far off, and some even think there probably is a 50-50 split among the estimated 90,000 alcoholics in the state. "The number is growing steadily. More women are coming forth for treatment sooner now and that may be why (Continued on page 2) By C. G. MCDANIEL AP Science Writer The operation was a success but the patient died. And what he died of might have been something he picked up in the hospital. Even if he survived, his hospital stay may have been lengthened by the infection he acquired in the hospital. The problem of hospital cross-infection—or nosocomial infection, as it is called—is major, if not critical, in the view of medical authorities. Dorothy Golden, R.N., supervisor of the central sterile supply department for Ohio State University Hospitals, Columbus, terms it "the greatest problem of the day in hospitals." Total Unknown No one really knows how many such infections occur or how many people die as a result—there might be 100,000 deaths a year. "The awful thing is that there is no such record," says Bertha Yanis Litsky . of Amherst, Mass., a consulting environmental bacteriologist who has wrillen a book on the problem. "I've never seen a hospital chart saying this patient died because we did something wrong," Mrs. Litsky •added in an interview. Dr. James G. Shaffer, a microbiologist and associate dean of Chicago Medical School, terms the cross-infections "a universal problem in all hospitals." 'No other industry operates with so little- quality control.' Conservative estimates of the incidence of hospital infections range from 2 to 5 per cent of all admissions. An American Hospital Association report states: "If a conservative 2 per cent of 30 million persons admitted to American hospitals each year develop nosocomial infections which extend their average' stay by one day, at a per diem rate of approximately $80, this represents an annual cost of $48 million." A federal government publication says: "Diagnosis and therapy of these infections probably add at least one-third of a billion dollars annually to the cost of hospitalization for the patients who acquire them." Estimates of the number of deaths resulting from cross-infections are even rarer than those for the infection rate. One source puts it at 1.5 per cent of hospital patients. Mrs. Litsky said there could be as many as 100,000 deaths a year. The infection rate may be as high as 17 per cent, she said. Hospital patients are naturally more susceptible to disease because they are sick and their resistance is low. George F. Mallison of the U.S. Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, Ga., said it is widely accepted" that if hospital personnel would wash Iheir hands "more religiously, more carefully and more frequently" between patient contacts, hospital infection would be reduced. The two best disinfectants for us> in a hospital, says Shaffer, are "soap and elbow grease." Chemical disinfectants do not work if there are too many bacteria present, he said. Urinary tract infections are the largest group of hospital infections. Mrs. Litsky estimates that 90 to 95 per cent of all indwelling urinary catheters— those inserted to drain the bladder—result in infection and asserts that these catheters are overused. Off The Floor She and others report having seen nurses or other hospital personnel drop a catheter on "Now you'll have to go to the hospital because you went to a hospital." the floor, then pick it up and insert it. Other major hospital infections follow surgery, respiratory infections—such as pneumonia—and infections of burn patients. Ironically, the "wonder drugs" which came into widespread use during the 1950s are blamed for some postsurgical problems., The belief that antibiotics and related drugs would cure any infection led doctors to be more relaxed about surgical procedures and to use llicsc drugs in- discriminanlly, infection experts say. As a result, many micro-organisms which cause infection developed immunity to the drugs. Mrs. Lilsky recommends that all operating room personnel- men and women—wear trousers so bacteria cannot escape from beneath the garment. Complete Dress The surgical dress should also include a hood, a mask and shoe covering and should be light-fitting at the wrists and neck. Mrs. Litsky has been involved in studies which have shown that disposable bed sheets and pillow cases spread fewer bacteria than do reusable linens. Tve never seen a hos- p i I a I chart saying tliis patient d i e d because we did some- tiling The luxury of some modern hospitals may also contribute to bacterial contamination, she says. Fancy draperies, carpeting, fuzzy wallpaper and ornamented furniture can harbor bacteria which are not easily removed by routine cleaning. Other developments, too, add to infection risk. More complex operations that require longer hours and more personnel are being performed. New organs and artificial devices are being placed in the body. More surgery is being done on the vital organs—heart, lungs, liver and brain. 100th Year No. 95 28 Pages Wednesday Evening, October 6,1971, Hutchinson, Kansas MO 2-3311 Price lOe Speedier Appeals Urges New Court Setup (See Stories Page 3) The chief justice of the Kansas Supreme Court proposed in Hutchinson Wednesday the establishment of an "intermediate court of appeals" to speed up disposition of appeal cases. Justice Falser "It is my judgment that any consideration of a revision of the judicial article of the constitution of this state include the feasibility of establishing such a court," said Justice Harold R. Fatzer, Kinsley. Fatzer spoke at the opening session of the seventh annual conference and seminar of the Kansas District Judges Association at the Hilton. All but one of the 61 Kansas district court judges, and the seven Supreme Court justices were on hand for the requirec meeting. The absent judge was David Scott, Independence, who was excused because of illness. Fatzer told the judges he is Thursday Address New Freeze Details Set WASHINGTON (AP) — President Nixon will disclose his Phase 2 economic program in a live television-radio address to the nation at 6:30 p.m. CDT Thursday. The White House made the announcement today. Nixon 'was spending much of the day studying recommendations from 'his Cost of Living Council on policies to go into effect when the current wage- price freeze expires Nov. 13. Press secretary Ronald L. Ziegler, who announced plans for the TV-radio talk, said Nixon would speak from his White House office. Weather KANSAS - Fair tonight, not as cool west, lows mid 40s to low 50s; Thursday mostly sunny and a little warmer, highs in the 80s. Hutchinson Weather Tuesday's high 80 at 5 p.m. overnight low 52 at 7 a.m. temperature at 1 p.m. 17. Record high 97 in 1922; record low 30 in 1952. s Winds: Calm Barometer: 30.30 rising Sunset Wednesday: 7:08 p.m Sunrise Thursday: 7:30 a.m (see weather map page 2) when a case can be reviewed on appeal within four to six months after judgment in the district court. The average time now is 14 to 16 months. "I realize, of course, that thi may require a complete over haul of appellate procedures, in eluding perhaps the preserve tion of the electronic recordin devices and video tapes. "But the trust we bear to pro vide a speedy review of case requires that we not be re strained in procedural matter by traditions and vested inter ests," he said. The chief justice said mem bers of the Supreme Court ar now establishing procedures t dispose of some cases in "summary fashion" without th necessity of a formal hearin and "full dressed" opinion. Generally, these would b cases which.have "no real ques tion of law that has not bee answered," Fatzer explained. It has been the experience of one federal circuit court of appeals that the use of this procedure reduced the tune from filing of the appeal to disposition by 60 per cent, lie said. On another matter, Fatzer noted; that the conference agenda included a presentation of the proposed canons of judicial ethics. "I can assure you that serious consideration will be given toward adopting appropriate canons after these studies have been completed," he told the judges. "We are also currently reviewing our bar discipline procedures and will be meeting with representatives of the bar later this month to determine if the procedures should be upgraded." House Passes Tax Bill Without Hitch COMMO SPECIALIST—Lloyd Maring, General Communications Co., Wichita, connects one of the (News Photo by Jim Morris) thousands of wires leading to the sheriff's communication console at the Law Enforcement center. Wo Holers ' Are Restroom First The county saved about $1,200 on the nearly $1 million cost of the law enforcement center by eliminating four toilets in basement restrooms—but the stalls remained. . Men's and women's public restrooms and restrooms for men and women employes each have one more stall than they have toilets. "Why they put those stalls in, is beyond me," County Commissioner John Button chuckled. But Sutton said he voted with the majority of the six-member building committee to eliminate the four toilets saving $300 on each. "We were pretty well in agreement—hopefully we ; were being practical about trying to cut corners," Sutton said. "But we may have to put a portable pot in there," he said laughingly. All the upstairs restrooms in the building have a full, complement of toilets as compared with the number of stalls. Doggie Bingo Beats Lawmen WICHITA, Kan. (AP) - Doggie Bingo made .at least a one night stand at a track south of Wichita Tuesday night. Shortly after the track closed for the night, Sheriff Johnny Darr and other Sedgwick County law enforcement officers arrived on the scene with a court order charging the operators with contempt of a 1955 District County Attorney Keith Sanborn is arguing before Judge Nicholas Klein for the court order earlier Tuesday night, said the 1955 injunction had been issued to ban greyhound racing "forever" at the South Broadway track. After hearing evidence at a special session of court-from 8 to 10 p.m. judge Klein signed WASHINGTON (AP) - The House passed today by voice vote a controversial package of business and individual tax cuts, $15.4 billion over three years, keyed to President Nixon's new economic program. Despite a last-minute stepup in opposition by labor union officials, the House acted without even demanding a roll cdll About 50 members were on the floor. Court injunction. orders for snenft s offices to O'Connor in Line f c TOPEKA, Kan. (AP) - Ap- wintment of Earl E. O'Connor, Cansas Supreme Court justice, to the. federal bench in Kansas appeared to be in the offing today following withdrawal Tuesday of the nomination of former Gpv. John Anderson Jr. While no official word had come from Washington, speculation abounded that President Nixon will appoint O'Connor to the seat 'recently vacated by Judge Arthur J. Stanley Jr., Kansas City, Kan. A spokesman for Sen. Bob Dole, R-Kan., said in Washington that withdrawal of Ander- son as a candidate at his own request left only O'Connor as a nominee for Nixon to consider. However, neither Dole nor Sen. James B. Pearson, R-Kan., who had nominated Anderson was available for direct com ment, and there was no wore from the White House. It is known, however that th< appointment- is quite 'likely t< be announced within a week t 10 days, because of the tim limitation the Democratic lead ership of the U.S. Senat Judiciary Committee has give Nixon to submit his appoin rnents. The Democrats hav seize bingo equipment at the track. Here They Come named in the citations for contempt listed were James as president Jonkers, of Ken's By 10:15 p.m., about the time Klub Inc; Harry B. Rogers, Doggie Bingo ended for the evening, sheriff's officers were en route to the track to serve the the order, judge They were to awaken told by anyone necessary to obtain keys to the premises. Promoters of the event vice president of the club; Dr. Al M. Bissing, operator of the track and named as defendant in the 1955 injunction; .State Sen. Jack W. Robinson, R-Wichita., public relations man for the event, and Leo Kasmussen, manager of the club. to they will not accept ny appointments for consideration after the first of the year >ecause 1972 is a presidential election year. Pearson withdrew Anderson's nomination Tuesday, saying the ormer Kansas Republican governor had requested it. Anderson himself shed more ighl than Pearson on the withdrawal. Said Anderson: "It's gone on and on and on and the best state demand interests that it of be resolved. There was no chance o my getting it." KU Enrollment Tops 20,000 Mark LAWRENCE, Kan. (AP) University of Kansas enrollment has exceeded 20,000 for he first time, Dr. William L. Kelly, registrar, said Wednesday in announcing the final figure of 20,043. The fall semester report shows J8.518 students at the Lawrence campus, an increase of 571, or 3.2 per cent, over lasl fall. There are 1,525 enrolled al the KU Medical Center in Kan sas City, up 79 or 5.5 per cen lover 1970. Move Delays Draw Chief Adams 9 Ire The scheduled move of police and sheriff's departments into the new law enforcement center may be postponed until November, and Police Chief Bob Adams Wednesday called the delays encountered "ridiculous." The hangup that may delay a scheduled Oct. 23 move into the facility concerns the large overhead door on the building's west side. That door .leads into the , drive-in basement area, and Adams calls It "a critical part of the building." The door, is without a track that will fit, but Adams says contractors have known for five months that it wouldn't fit, An exchange track is scheduled to be shipped Oct. 8, but Adams says problems at the factory may delay the shipment. Adams says delays moving into the building "are getting' to the point that it's a little ridiculous," and notes occupancy was originally scheduled! for July 15. That date was moved to Sept! 15 in July, then to Oct. 2, then Oct. 23 and now that date ap-' pears doubtful. The delays are not the only thing Adams has criticized,. despite his pleasure with, the new building. Minor flaws that Adams has contended with 'include a lack of electrical outlets in some office areas, four basement restrooms that have more stalls than toilets and an auditorium mth no chairs. The traffic division office was originally designed with no storage space, a situation that has since been remedied. The original plan called for he communications center to located in the facility's basement, but Adams said that arrangement would be unsatisfac- ory, so it was moved upstairs, Adams feels many of the problems encountered during construction was a result of multiple contracting. Strike Nears End NEW YORK (AP) - . Shjp- >ing sources reported today longshoremen were flock- hat ng back to work along the Gulf and South Atlantic coasts in the ace of a Taft-Hartley in- unction which many believed mminent. Intercepted Letter JOHN SUTTON County Commissioner City Dear John, Are those empty stalls for graffiti only? Yours, Hutch \

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