Population of Farms Below 10 Million TOPEKA — Farm population Jn the United States fell below 10 million during 1970 for the first itinie since the early days of this nation, according to Morgan Williams, state director of Farmers Home Administration. : According to a report issued by file USDA's Economic Research Service, the U.S. farm population declined almost 600,•000, or 5.8 per cent during a 12 month period. ' TTie report showed that since ;1960, when there were 15,600,000 persons in the farm population, the number has declined at an average rate of 4 .8 per cent annually or about 6 million persons in 10 years. "The farm population has fallen from 8.7 per cent of the nation's total in 1960, to 4.8 per cent in 1870," Williams said. Most of the out-migration was by young adults. This caused the number of farm children under 14 years of age to drop by 50 per cent from 1960 to 1970. During that decade the proportion of adults over 55 years of age rose from 18 to 24 per cent. Williams said that "President Nixon's rural development program is designed to offer better living conditions and new job opportunities for rural people. If everyone will promote rural areas and get behind rural development projects, this population movement can be halted and even reversed." Judge Sets Precedent Gravel Disclosure Probe is Forbidden (C) 1971 Washington Star WASHINGTON — A federal judge in Boston lias forbidden a federal grand jury to investigate the disclosure by Sen. Mike Gravel, D-Alaska, of the secret Pentagon Papers at a Senate hearing June 29. Sen. Mike Gravel U.S. District Judge W. Arthur Garrity Jr., in a 17-page decision Monday, said no one — Gravel, his staff, or anyone else — may be asked questions about the Senator's public readings from the 47-voIume study. The ruling set a precedent, in that no federal judge had even put restrictions on a grand jury's authority to investigate the conduct of a member of Congress. At the same time, Garrity raised the possibility that Gravel and one or more of his staff aides might have to face criminal investigation if they go ahead with plans to have their copy of the Pentagon Papers published privately. Any such publication, the judge ruled, is not a "legislative act" and thus would not enjoy the same immunity to challenge that Gravel 's disclosures at the Senate hearings do. Pinkston 'Guilty' of 5 Extortion Counts Big Bequests From A Parsons Woman PARSONS, Kan. (AP) Bequests of $20,000 each were made to the University of Kansas and the Kansas Children's Home and Service League in the will of Mrs. William D. Atkinson of Parsons. The will, filed for probate Tuesday in Parsons, directed that the Kansas University Endowment Association establish a student scholarship fund with the bequest as a memorial to her late husband, a long time Labette County district judge who served one year on the Kansas Supreme Court in 1904 by appointment. A gift of $6,000 was left to a Parsons church in addition to other bequests. No inventory of the estate's assets was filed. A district court jury Tuesday afternoon acquitted Donald Pinkston, 23, Burrton, of felonious assault, but found him guilty of five counts of extortion. He was accused of felonious assault in connection with the firing of shots into the home of William Murphy, 4103 North Monroe, on Dec. 29, 1969. The extortion charges stemmed from five threatening phone calls made to the Mnrphys later demanding $2,000. The jury of four women and eight men received the case shortly before noon Tuesday and deliberated, following a lunch break, until 5 p.m. Judge William Gossage delayed sentencing pending the outcome of a new trial motion which is expected to be filed. The defense was based on the testimony of Pinkston and six alibi witnesses, all of whom are relatives of the defendant. Pinkston testified he was at his home when shots were fired into the Murphy home at 9 :45 p.m. Draft Number 125 Seen as '71 Ceiling WASHINGTON (AP) - Men classified as 1A in this year's draft pool won't be called if their lottery numbers are over 125, but all with numbers below that can expect a summons, Selective Service announced Tuesday. Earlier, draft officiate had said men probably would be Bible Meet Slated At McPherson M cpherson - a Bible teach-in will be conducted at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday at the Park Elementary School here. The meeting is one of a series of meetings opening in area cities this week under the banner, "Spiritual Life Renewal." Each conference features Rev. Rodney Lensch and H. Bauer, a Lutheran laymen and his pastor from Valley Park, Mo. Students from Centra! College in McPherson and Bethel College in North Newton are also participating. The McPherson meeting is sponsored by the Friendship Institute Inc., a local organ isation which helps habilitate physically and mentally handicapped youths. Rev. Elmer T. Peters, director of the institute, says of the spiritual conferences, "Youth groups through America are evidently taking the lead in bringing churches back to God — theological 'God talk' does not satisfy church goers today. They are looking for a vital Christian faith for times of un- Other conferences this week are scheduled for Thursday, Groat Bend: Friday, Garfield; Saturday, Hays; Sunday, Garfield and Lamed. called with numbers as high as 140. But that was when 15,000 to 20,000, instead of 10,000, were expected to be drafted in the remaining months of this year. Get Month's Notice Draft Director Curtis W Tan - , in another change, said draftees will be given 30 days notice to report for induction rather than the 10 days' minimum set down in law The 30-day notice means that nobody will be drafted this month. But the Pentagon 's 10, 000-man call will be split 6 ,500 between Nov. 1 and 18 and 3,500 between Nov. 29 and Dec. 9. When the draft was suspended on June 30 there had been calls totaling 88,000 for the year, with 84,000 men called Selective Service said it does not plan to make up the 4,000- man backlog. To Defer Action Tarr, in another announcement, said he has ordered local and appeals boards to defer action on classification, personal appearances and appeals until new regulations on draft requirement provisions under the new draft law are drawn up. The regulations will be completed in about two weeks, draft officials said, but they can't be put into effect under the new law until 30 days after they are published in the Federal Register. Legal Notices He told jurors he drove home after picking up his brother at work in Hutchinson at 6:30 p.m. He stayed at home with Mark, another brother, and his father, until after 10 p.m. In closing argument, defense attorney Jack Leighnor criticized the police department for failing to lift fingerprints from one of the three telephones Pinkston allegedly used to make the calls. "At least they'd have been more positive about who they were pointing a finger at," he said. Leighnor told jurors he was "quite certain" Pinkston wouldn't be on trial if police had taken fingerprints. County Attorney Porter Brown urged the panel not to let Leighnor "switch your attention in the case from the real issue to something else." He noted that every person who testified for Pinkston was a relative. "Surely in the six days (the duration of the shooting and the phone calls) he would have run into somebody who wasn't a relative," he said. Gravel called a midnight hear ing of a Senate public works subcommittee June 29 to read into the public record long ex cerpts of the study of the ori gins of the Vietnam war. At that time, the Justice Department was trying in the Supreme Court to block newspapers from publishing the "top secret" documents. Last month, a staff member Gravel had hired the day of the tearing, Leonard S. Rodberg, was ordered to appear before the federsl grand jury in Boston which is investigating public release of the Pentagon Papers. In defending the subpoenaing of Rodberg, the Justice Department contended that neither Rodberg nor Gravel had any legal immunity to criminal prosecution for breaking the law against release of rlassificd documents. Judge Garrity rejected the Ju. c ,tice Department argument Monday, and ruled that the Constitution protects Gravel for what he did at the hearing and protects any staff member who helped him prepare for that hearing. He relied on a clause in th Constitution which says that members of Congress may not be questioned outside of Congress for their official actions. The judge rejected a Justice Department argument that the hearing called by Gravel was not held for a legislative purpose. That question is beyond inquiry by the courts, the judge declared. Can't Be Prosecuted In ruling that the grand jury Bircher Says Nixon's China Trip 'Tragic* TOPEKA, Kan. (AP) - President Nixon 's scheduled visit to Red China next spring was labeled "tragic" Tuesday by a leading spokesman for the John Birch Society. Reed Benson, son of former U. S. Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson and a Washington representative of the John Birch Society, told a Topeka news conference the trip is "just a means of building up communism." Benson said the society remains adamantly opposed to the Nixon visit because "we don't think the United States should get into the position of supporting any of these murderers." Asked if the society could see any benefit from the Nixon trip if it were to drive a wedge between the Red Chinese and the Soviet Union, Benson replied: 'Why Support Them?' "Every one of these Communist dictators is dedicated to our burial, even though they may argue over the funeral arrangements. Their ultimate goal down the road is to destroy the United States, so why support any of them any place along the way?" Benson said the position of the Birch Society, recognized as one of the staunchest con s e r v a t i v e organizations in America, is that the U. S. must stop assisting communism whether in giving foreign aid or in recognizing Red China "We can turn back communism today," Benson said, "even if we don't fire a shot. All we have to do is just quit helping them "Anti-communist countries tell us it's tough enough for them to fight now without us helping their enemies." Benson was in Topeka to ad- Hutchinson News Wednesday, Oct. 6, 1971 Page 24 could not even probe into ac-i dress a society meeting at tions at the hearing or actions "intimately related" to it, the judge said that "A Congressman may not be prosecuted for legislative acts." If a Congressman is charged with crime for non-legislative acts, he added, "No evidence from any source of a Congressman's legislative acts may be considered against him." The judge said he would not permit any witness before the grand jury to be questioned about Gravel's conduct at the hearing or in preparing for it. Whitson School Benson criticized the Nixon administration's Vietnam policy, saying the U. S. withdrawal is designed "to further smear and undermine our military." IRREGULAR? 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Persons wishing to comment should send information In writing fo the Board at the State Office Building, Topeka, Kansas 6A612, unti IMJ-71. 8497 NOTICE" OF HEARING William F. Hueslng, sentenced 4 -22 -71 for Uttering (Hab) in Reno County, Kansas, has applied for Executive Clemency. A hearing on th* application will be held by th* Bosrd of Probation and Parole. Persons wishing to comment should send Information In writing to the Board at the Stat* Office Building, Topeka, Kansas 4M12, until 10-21-71. »m I RUNNING FOOT (S FT. 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