The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 15, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Friday, September 15, 1944
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Invasion Forces Take Stepping Stones on Philippine Road RING OF STEEL GRIPS AACHEN; NEW REICH INVASION THRUST THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday _ 92 Low today 62 Rainfall Season (Airport) _._..... T Tear ago (Airport) T Saagon (Land Company) _. T Year MO (Land Company) T Forecast Clear nkles, normal temperature With light smoke and haze in air toJay, tonight and Saturday. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1944 16 PAGES No. 40 Hurricane Kills 24, Damage Set at $30,000,000 Tropical Gale Litters 11 States and Half Dozen Cities With Debris; New York Has Greatest Loss of Life in Great Storm BOSTON, Sept. 15. (U.E)—The tropical hurricane which battered 900 miles of the Atlantic coast, littered a half dozen b|g cities and 11 staets with debris, took 24 lives, and caused damage estimated at $30,000,000, was expiring today somewhere off the coast of Nova Scotia. The famous resort, Atlantic City, was worst hit but the WAGE ROW MAY S1KJPUI STEEL WOUKfltS^TILL HOWL FOR MORE MONEY WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. 0#>— President Roosevelt may be called upon before election day to decide whether to abandon the administration's rein on wartime wages and open the way for a general pay hike for the nation's workers. Whatever he decides—even should he put off a decision until after November 7—the question of wage earners' pay seems certain to become an election issue. The C. I. O. Steelworkers' yearlong drive to force a 17-cent hourly raise up through the "Little Steel" wage ceiling was laid before the War Labor Board last night in a fact-finding report. In it the ma- porlty held that the bureau of labor statistics figures do not show the real increase in living costs and that the President has the power to modify wage stabilization if he sees fit. Another report was filed simultaneously by a three-man panel on the demand of the American Federation of Labor for a Little Steel modification. It summarized A. F. L.'s arguments that the cost of living has gone up more than 15 pe rceht and that wages should be hiked "if the nation is to fulfill its pledge to its workers and its fighting men," but made no recommendations. A few hours later WLB announced that the week of October 9 would be set aside for executive session consideration of general wage stabilization. It will decide then whether to recommend that Mr. Roosevelt break the Little Steel formula limiting general wage increases to 15 per cent above the level of January, 1'941. A board member said the wage issue probably will reach the President's desk by mid-October. The steel case report—drafted by a six-member panel representing two votes each from industry, labor and public—made no recommendations but Its majority decided: "It is a reasonable inference . . . that the wage stabilization program would be re-examined from time to Continued on Page Two Mine Worker Confab Smiles on Dewey CINCINNATI, Sept. 15. (UP) — The biennial convention of the United Mine Workers of America today approved a report recommending that the union refrain from a presidential endorsement, but which strongly criticized the Roosevelt administration and praised Governor Thomas E. Dewey, Republican presidential, nominee. The report was submitted by the resolutions committee and was ap-. proved by a standing vote .after delegates supporting Mr. Roosevelt argued during 40 minutes of debate that criticism of the administration by U. M. W. President John It. Lewis and his officers was unjustified. The report received a heaVy majority vote, buff ell far short of being unanimous among the 2700 delegates. The report charged that the Rposevelt administration — "now known as the ex-New Deal"—actively had opposed labor generally and the U. M. W. In particular; had refused to appoint a labor member aa secretary of labor and had abolished collective bargaining Jn favor, of the "flat of govern•'mental agencies." east's three principal coastal cities, New York, Philadelphia and Boston were lashed by high winds. New York had the greatest loss of life—12. Norfolk, Va., New London, Conu., Providence and Xantueket, •R. • I., «nd Brockton, Mass., were other cities In the storm's path. A United Press compilation showed that approximately 150 persons had been Injured seriously enough for hospitalization. The long series of weather bureau advisories which had charged the hurricane's erratic course from the Caribbean ended at 7 a. m. when the Boston bureau announced that it was then centered off Bar Harbor, Maine, would soon pass out of its jurisdiction, and there would be no further advisories. At that time its force had diminished "considerably." New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, the Canadian provinces jutting northeastward from Maine, reported only strong winds. Unofficial estimates and a compilation of the reports of scores of United Press correspondents along the long stretch of affected coast line indicated property damage of $30,000,000. Atlantic City alone sustained damages of approximately $4,000,000 and the total damage for New Jersey was expected to reach $10,000,000. Total damage for Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island was estimated at $15,000,000. Damage in New York City and adjacent Long Island was expected to approach $2,000,000. And the damage along the coast south of New Jersey to North Carolina reached an indicated total of $3,000,000. Atlantic City appeared to have sustained the most serious damage. A tidal wave engulfed the famous boardwalk of the resort city and. a tremendous sea split the "million- dollar steel pier." -Hundreds of Continued nn Page Two Gen. Pershing Reported 111 Withhold EXERTIONS ON HIS BIRTHDAY CAUSE SERIOUS CONDITION WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. (UP)— General John J. Perishing is confined to his bed at Walter Keed Hospital with a cold, which was aggravated, according to his friends, by over-exertion on his eighty-fourth birthday Wednesday. Afterward, however, his cold became worse, and friends said he was expected to be in for several days us a precautionary measure. They said there was nothing alarming about his condition. The general was suffering from a cold before his birthday but did not let it prevent him from seeing callers and well-wishers on AVednesday. However, it daughter-in-law, was learned his Mrs. Warren Pershing, who came from New England to be with him on his birthday, was returning to Washington this evening. DEM VOICES TAX CHARGES SAYS NEW DEAL FAVORED "LARGE" INDUSTRIES BILLINGS, Mont, Sept. 15. (JP>— Governor Thomas E. Dewey charged today that "the entire effect of the tax and regulatory policies of the administration" has been to put an increasing production into large industries and promised that with the election of a new administration the opportunities for small business enterprise would be enlarged. Discussing the problems of the west at a news conference in his headquarters hotel, the Republican nominee expressed the opinion that on the basis of figures submitted to him it would appear the government has "gone very much too far" in accumulating stocks of wool for wartime use. Here for conferences with Montana political leaders, the New York governor was asked by a local reporter if he could hold out any hope of establishing small industries in the west to back up the principal pursuits of cattle and sheep growing and farming. "If you get a new administration," Dewey said, "1 think the chances of small industries are pretty good. The entire effect of the tax and regulatory policies of the present administration has been to put an increas- Coutlnued on Pago Two Roosevelt, Churchill to End Quebec Talks Saturday QUEBEC, Sept. 15. C¥>—The second Quebec conference will close tomorrow, but the quick pace of the war in Europe may hold President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill in personal contact for further conversations. Stephen Early, presidential secretary, made known that the discussions 'in the citadel were in their "closing phases" and added: "You may say that the .Preside'nt and Mr. Churchill will definitely conclude tomorrow their conference in Quebec." "Does your use of 'Quebec' mean they wijl talk elsewhere?" Early was asked. "I can't answer," he replied. Even after tomorrow's official wind-up, Early said, military staffs will continue their meetings in the Chateau Frontenac. While Early and Robin Crulck- shunk of the British information ministry were holding their last press conference, Roosevelt and Churchill were talking with Anthony Eden, British foreign minister, who arrived last night. Another of the British staff at their call was Sir Alexander Cadogan, permanent un- dersecretry for foreign affairs. Cadogan, who was Britain's delegate to the Dumbarton Oaks world security conference in Washington, arrived last night and promptly went to the Citadel with Eden. There a dinner was held, attended by Roosevelt and Churchill. Prime Minister W. L. Macftenzie King of Canada, Eden, Cadogan, Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau and Lord CherwelL Churchill's "oQe-man brain trust." After dinner the guests caw a new film, happily entitled, for this victory conference, "Hail the Conquering Hero." Reporters'asked. Early about a report published in th^ Montreal newspaper Le Canada saying that Rodrigue Cardinal Vllleneuve, who is flying to Rome, was on a peace mission to the Vatican and probably bore a message from Roosevelt and Churchill. "That's news to me,' Early replied. Other Canadian newspapers have said the purpose of the cardinal's trip was to make his regular five- year report to the Pope The fact that Allied troops are fighting on German soil can be reported as a governing reason for the 3300-mile air trip that .brought Eden hurrying here last night. In a packed briefcase Eden is reported to have included fresh proposals on the European advisory commission's recommendations for military occupation of Germany by Anglo-American-Soviet troops. The Soviet-Polish clash provides another likely pocket, but it is rated second to a hard-boiled handling of Nazi-land. Interpreted in the light of Mr. Roosevelt's recent public statements United Nations terms for Germany will include eradication of German trade cartels which nourished the Nazi war machine. Next would be a specific program for eliminating all International combines. Retrospectively, there Is a chasm between British and American governmental opinion on this subject, for cartels were broadly condoned in Europe before the war. The stress here had been on the battle of the Pacific before the announcement that Eden was coming, but now it appears that the major military decisions centering around strategy for hammering Japan into submission are complete. Palau and Morotai nvaded MocArthur, Nimitz Lead Blows on Isles Near Philippine Area PEARL HARBOR, Sept. 15. (U.E) — A big American invasion armada poured fighting men ashore on the Japanese island base of Palau, 560 miles east of the Philippines, today as General Douglas MacArthur's troops stormed up into the Halmahera islands from the south in a twin offensive to clear the road back to Batumi aud Corregldor. Exploding their greatest CPBH bined offensive pfxiWe ESfciflff-ewar, MacArthur and AdAiral Chester 1 \V. Nimitx. Commander-in-chief of the United States Pacific fleet, breached the coastal defenses of the two island bastions under cover of shattering- bombardments from sea and sky. MacArthur led Us troops asliore early Friday on Morotai island, northernmost of the Halmaheras and only 250 miles south of the Philippines, at almost the rann moment Nimitz' marines and army assault units were battling across the beaches of Palau. (Because of time differentials, Nimitz' announcement said the Palau landing occurred Thursday morning, Honolulu time, which would he Friday morning Halmahera time.) The twin invasion blow threatened t » break the chain of sprawling island bases established by the Japanese around the Philippines and the western and southern approaches to the Chinese mainland, and first reports from Palau said the enemy was fighting back furiously from long prepared defenses. Warships Aid Smash American battleships, cruisers and supporting warships o<: the Pacific fleet stood offshore bombarding the Japanese shore installations while carrier-based aircraft dive-bombed a.id strafed the enemy in close support of the advancing ground troops. "Enemy defenses are being heavily bombed and shelled at close range," the communique said. MacArthur's men on Morotai also \ erit in under a powerful warship and aircraft screen, but their landing met only feeble Japanese opposition and casualties in the initial assault were described as "very light." The bulk of the Japanese garrison In the Halmaheras were revealed to have been concentrated in the southern part of the island group in the belief that MacArthur would strike there. Instead, they were bypassed, cut off from their only direct sources of supply, and left to surrender or die. On Palau. however, one of the toughest battles of the Pacific campaign was believed in progress, possibly exceeding in savagery the epic fight for Saipan or the marine landing on Tarawa. The troops who swarmed ashore had to overcome obstacles of barbed wire on the beaches, backed up by entrenched machine gun positions. Farther Inland were larger guns, probably ranging up to 6 inches, and deadly mortars which caused heavy casualties on the Marianas beachheads. FLASHES PRISONERS ESCAPE SAX FRANCISCO, Sept. 15. (UF) Two German prisoners of war who escaped yesterday from Camp Windsor, near Santa Rosa, were reported seen this morning near the Golden Gate bridge toll plaza. FBI agents believed they were attempting to reach the Mexican border. _ WOOL DEFICIT WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. (UP) Defense Supplies Corporation officials said today the current wool stockpile in this country indicates a deficit of this commodity during the coming year. They said available supplies Include a little more than 200,000,000 pounds of domestic wool purchased by the Commodity Credit Corpora. "tlon to guarantee wool prices. With thin year's estimated production of 350,000,000 pounds, of- flclals said, the total stockpile will be a little more than 750,000,000 n* REDS TAKE LOMZA, CAST PRUSSIA GATEWAY; CRACK CZECH IORDER AT KRASNO POUND NEW OFFENSIVE—Soviet forces sweep through southern Poland to Slovak border in rhlle-an-hour advance that already may have carried Injo the revolt-torn' puppet state as Marshal Konev's First Ukrainian Army captured Krosno, pushed on 24 miles to Slovakia border. Russian and Polish armies in eastern suburbs of Warsaw were locked In gigantic tank battle, striking with massive force to exploit Soviet breakthrough at Lomza, 75 miles northeast of Warsaw. REDS START NEW DRIVE ON NAZIS WITH TERRIFIC WARSAW BOMBING ARTILLERY, PLANES HIT POLISH CAPITAL WITH RENEWED FURY; PRAGA SUBURBS IN RUSSIAN HANDS MOSCOW, Sept. K>. (UP)—Red Army forces bombarded the Polish capital of Warsaw from the air and ground today as Soviet troops prepared to cross the Vistula in what appeared to be the start of a big Uussian drive on Germany. While lied Army bombers hit from the air, heavy artillery and mortars fired at point-blank range into Warsaw (o open a path for Marshal Konstantin K. Rokossovsky's First White Russian Army, already consolidated in suburban I'raga on the east bank of the Vistula. Rokossuvsky's forces ended a seven-week battle for Praga yesterday. They were separated from the main section of Warsaw by only the quarter-mile-wide Vistula, and his command fire was pinning down the bulk of the German forces behind the 100-foot cliffs lining the west bank. The capture of Warsaw would Explosion Hits Nebraska NavalJDepot SEVERAL SOLDIERS BELIEVED DEAD IN HASTINGS BLAST HASTINGS, Neb.. Sept. 13. (UP.) An explosion heard 125 miles away blasted a loading dock tit' the Hastings Naval Ordnance Depot today. The blast occurred at the south transfer depot at a loading building for box curs—5 miles etist and south of the scene of an explosion in April which killed eight persons. The blast was heard at McCook, 125 miles from Hastings, and at Jamestown, Kan., 100 miles away. Other reports of residents hearing the blast came from lied Cloud, Grand Island, Ayr, Oak, Reynold?, Falrfielrl, Clay Center, Glenvll, all in Nebraska and Lebanon, Kan. A report from Glenvll, adjacent to the ordnance depot, said damage to buildings was "not as heavy" as in the April explosion. Window panes in 23 downtown Hastings stores were broken. Tho Hastings High School find grade schools also reported broken win- downs, and the Spencer Park School, a war workers housing project, suffered "extensive damage," authorities said. BASE¥ALL NATIONAL fcEAtiIE First Game At Chicago— n. II. E. ST. LOUIS 1 in 0 CHICAGO 2 7 0 Batteries: M. Cooper and W. Cooper; Chipman and Glllespie, Williams. Brooklyn-Boston, postponed; the Brooklyn players did. not arrive. . Cincinnati-Pittsburgh, night. New York-Philadelphia, night. '' AMERICAN LEAGUE Detroit-Cleveland, twilight dim- bleheader. Chicago-St. Louis, night. Boston-Washington, night. Only gamer* scheduled. Siegfried Line "Obsolete," Say Yank Leaders Blazing Artillery Battle Warms Up Heart of Nazi West Wall as Allies Shatter Outer Bastions of Fort Line SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITION* ARY FORCE, Sept. 15. (U.E)—Lieu tenant-General Courtney I& Hodges' American First Army surrounded Aachen today arid- to the east drove the tip of a wedge more than 10 miles deep into the Siegfried Line. A dispatch from First Army headquarters tonight said the vaunted west wall was — *" NAZIS, FINNISH TROOPS TANGLE was crumbling under trip-hammer blows, was "proving obsolete," and was a much less formidable barrier than the Atlantic wall. Ituuujuj&.Auiericuii mobile forces captured tin 1 Krcat Dutch fortress city of Maastricht jnul raced eastward into Germany to complete the encirclement of Aachen, thn fall of which Is expected soon. Far to the south the American Third Army captured Xancy, biggest transport and military hub in northeastern Franco, and opened the buttle for the companion fortress of Metz, marked for early liberation from the Nazis. The right wing of. tho Third Army overran Maricourt ami Epinal. Epinal is 40 miles south of Nancy, on the west bank of tho Moselle. Its occupation represented the farthest push up the. river .so far. carrying within a little more than 50 miles of the upper Rhine in the Freiburg area. The Allied-controlled I'arii" radio reported that the Americans captured Thionville, on tho Moselle 12 miles from the German-French-Luxembourg bonier junction. The 10-mile penetration of the Siegfried Lino was made east of Aachen. An American spearhead WHS driven beyond the big Indus- tial town of Stolberg, flue oast of Metz. Slolberg was by-passed or captured. The front dispatch did not say which. Across liordpr "American elements are across the frontier all along the Kelglum and Luxembourg border," tho dispatch reported, "and from the southern tip of Luxembourg to thn appendix of Holland are encountering slightly .stiffenInn resistance." First Army headquarter." sources reported that the German troops facing tho Americans nro of poor quality. In the Aachen sector some open the way for a Russian drive | prisoners had been In ihc army only Continued on Pnfie Two (.'onlinuod on I'.-IBO I'ifteen Senator Drafts Resolution to Change Thanksgiving WASHINGTON, Sept. 13. (UP.) — Representative Harold Knutson (H- Minn.), took n second startled look ut a November calendar today and started drafting a resolution whereby Congress would declare the last rather than the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving. Under congressional resolution, signed by President Roosevelt on December L'ti, 1941, the fourth Thursday In November is designated as a legal holiday In observance of Thanksgiving But this year there are five Thursdays in November—as occurs twice In every seven years—so while Thanksgiving officially falls on the fourth one. it doesn't come on the last Thursday, which by tradition is the day to observe. Many calendars, following custom, but not the congressional resolution, this year erroneously designate the last Thursday as Thanksgiving Day. "I was under the impression that we had this Thanksgiving Day mutter settled once and for all as the last Thursday In the month," Knutson said. "Old Fashioned" "That's the traditional Thanksgiving Day and we should stick to It. I'm old-fashioned and I feel about Thanksgiving the way I do about daylight saving—the old customs should prevail." Knutson said he would introduce a resolution Monday to alter the national Thanksgiving Day observance from the fourth to the last Thursday. , Representative Richard B. Wig- glcsworth (R-MassX congressman FIGHTING BREAKS OUT IN NORTHERN AREA STOCKHOLM, Sept. 15. <UPJ— between German and Finnish troop*. actual If undeclared, was reported today to have broken out In north* ern Finland and on an island off th« smith coast. '• A Finnish.communique said a German amphibious force attacked the island of Suursaari (Hogland) in th« Gulf of Finland last night. Fighting was In progress on the island today, it said, after the Nazis established a small bridgehead despite the sin.k- ing of nine of their invasion ships. Reliable sources later reported that fighting had broken out between the Germans and Finns -in northern Finland. Three German divisions in the Salla area were reported partly enveloped by Russian troops. Informants said their fata depended on the development of Finnish military ^measures in north Finland against the Nazis. An official announcement from Helsinki said Finnish artillery on Suusaari, 110 miles west of Leningrad, sank nine German ships, but a landing was made at one point and fighting continued today. The incident occurred on the eve of the expiration of the period Finland gave Germany to remove Nazi troops from Finnish territory. State Assemblyman Succumbs in East ST. LOUIS, Sept. 13. (UPJ— Lee T. nashm-e, 4ti, California state as- sernblyman oC Covina, died here yesterday. following a heart attack Wednesday. Bashore was in St. Louis attend- Ing ihr thirty-seventh annual National Tax Association convention which concluded its three-day session Wednesday. from the state whore Thanksgiving Day was originated by the pilgrims,' said he also favored "conforming to the traditional custom." | President Roosevelt upset many of i the nation's turkey-carvers In 1939. i 1040 and 1941 when hp advanced I Thanksgiving Day in those years | to the third Thursday in November. I The national observance of the holiday dated back to 1SB4 when President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed the "fourth or last Thursday in November" as Thanksgiving. Longer Shopping Period President Roosevelt's act was said to be In response to requests from merchants who believed a longer shopping period between Thanksgiving ard Christmas would improve Yule business. When Congress acted on Thanksgiving Day. the House first passed a resolution stipulating the last Thursday. This was amended to the fourth Thursday by the Senate and returned to the House where it passed by unanimous consent. Senator John A. Dannaher (R.- Conn.), who urged the Senate amendment, explained: "We merely wanted to fix the date, The situation was a mess before with some states observing the Thanksgiving proclamation by the President and some clinging to the traditional day. "This merely means the federal government declares the fourth Thursday In November Thanksgiving and does not do business on this day. It does not inveigh against the states to transact business on thlsj> day." Index lo Advertisers ~ Page Abrams. L'r. K. F 4 Arvin I-'hiinliint? 5 Arvin Theater 11 Austin Studio 8 Booth's 4 Brock's - 3, 4, 10 Chicken Shop 4 Citizens Laundry - 12 Coffee. Harry 2 Cullitim. John W 13 l>r. Dayman's Animal Hospital 7 Kgger's 5 101 Patio Pavilion tl Flic kinder- Uigier 15 Fox Theaters 11 Kiank Meat Company 2 Ciranada Theater 11 Ivors Furniture 5 KEKN 12 Kern County Musical Asso... 11 Kimhall & SUmo 5 L:i Granada Ballroom 11 Lim, T 13 .Misemer-Ulllashaw t Montgomery, Dr. S. H $ -Montgomery Ward 4, $ National Dollar Store • Nile U Owen's Store — 8- Phillips Music Co 4 Rialto Theater 11 River Theater „..., II San Joaquin Grain—...~ „ 4 Sears Roebuck - 6, T Sherrys Liquor Stores...-^ .-..lit Technocracy^ncorporated ~-•-. I The Burn —......J^ Union Avenue Dance .......;_llf Union Cemetery ..........9,'18, Virginia, Theater — Y .it Weill's . fc

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