The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on March 20, 1963 · Page 10
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 10

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Ottawa, Kansas
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Wednesday, March 20, 1963
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Page 10
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IA THE OTTAWA HERALD 1 v Wednesday, March 20, 1963 Organic Material Supply In Turned-Under Clover By EMMETT L. RICHTER The farmer who turns under a crop of clover or other green manure each year is building a supply of organic matter in his land. Roots left behind after crops are harvested go into the organic fliatter reserve. Organic matter is a needed sub- Weilsville News Hold Class In Family Relations By BERNICE HOLDEN Mrs. Keith Chanay, chairman of the Family Service Committee of the Woman's Missionary Society, Weilsville Baptist Church, announced that the family relations class under the auspices of her committee and taught by the pastor, Rev. Homer Ganong, was attended by the following: Nancy Courier, Sue Haikler, Mary Hostetter, Frances Ware, Joan Groshong, Carolyn Layton, Norma Patton, Lois Dunham, Carol Cramer, Marjorie Leach and Linnie Tyler. Mrs. Chanay announced the next meeting for Tuesday April 26, at 10 a.m. Correction: Weilsville PTA officers elected at the last meeting were Bill Coughenour, president; C. E. Pulver, vice president, and Mrs. Earl Kahler, treasurer. Mrs. John Reeves has since been appointed secretary. The installation of officers will be at the April meeting of the PTA. An earlier Herald story stated these officers had been nominated and that the election would follow. Mr. and Mrs. Dick Moherman attended a dinner in Lawrence Friday night, sponsored by the First National Bank in Topeka. They attended the NCAA regional basketball tournament in Lawrence afterward. Giving the lesson on the "National Council Churches" for the meeting of the Woman's Society of Christian Service of the Weils- ville Methodist Church was Mrs. Marion Bosworth, assisted by Mrs. W. D. Farney and Mrs. Phillip Jacoby. Mrs. Bosworth presided at the meeting Thursday afternoon, Mar. 14, in Hays Hall. Giving devotions was Mrs. Howell Lusk. Reports were given. Hostesses were Mrs. Jacoby and Mrs. Ross Gault. The Golden Hours Class of the New Hope Baptist Church met Wednesday evening, March 13, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. 0. D. Garrett. Mrs. Carroll Whiteford called the meeting to order. John Foulkrod led in prayer. Devotionals were given by Mrs. Ethel Miller. Mrs. Jack McWil- •on led the games. The hostess served refreshments to 14. Judd To Speak At Emporia EMPORIA, Kan. (AP)-Walter H. Judd, former congressman from Minnesota, will give the annual Thomas W. Butcher lecture here March 28. The lecture is sponsored by members of the Butcher family, the Emporia State College student council and the special events department of the college. Thomas W. Butcher was president of the school from 1913 to 1943. The leclure, open to the public, will be given in Emporia's Civic Auditorium. Can Deduct For Wives NEW YORK (AP) - Internal Revenue Commissioner Mortimer M. Caplin says liberalized regulations of his agency will include wives of business hosts as permissible tax deductibles in goodwill entertainment. Widespread protests were heard when the Internal Revenue Service ruled previously that only wives of guests—not of hosts- were covered. stance in soil formation. It slowly changes a lifeless mass of disintegrated rock fragments into a dynamic living body called soil. The material we call organic matter is concentrated largely in the surface layer of the soil. This organic substance has a direct influence on the physical and productive properties of the soil. Surface and subsoil may be almost identical otherwise, but it is this material which is largely responsible for the almost invariably greater productivity of the surface soil. When the organic matter content begins to fail as a result of faulty soil management, the physical properties of the soil begin to break down. Seedbed preparation becomes more difficult. The plant nutrient supply becomes more critical, and crop yields decline. Soil organic matter may be regarded as consisting of two groups of substances. One group includes the raw and partially rotted materials. The second group, known as humus, is derived largely from the first. The raw and partially rotted materials include living and dead plant roots, remains of harvested crops, green manures, farm manures, and living and dead soil microbes. All these are changed rapidly by partial rotting or decomposition when added to the soil. The second group of substances is essentially the first group but farther along in the break-down process. As decomposition proceeds, the substances in the first group lose their structural identity completely. The resulting material is finely divided, structureless, and brown-to-black colored. This material is generally known as soil humus. Soil humus is more black colored. This material is generally known as soil humus. Soil humus is more resistant to decomposition than are the substances in the other group of soil organic matter. Humus may be said to be the "life of the soil." Both groups of soil organic matter have distinct jobs in the soil productivity. Both groups contribute to good soil structure. They improve water penetration and they increase water holding capacity. Both help release more plant nutrients from the reserves in the soil. The first group of substances makes its first contact with the soil in a raw or undercomposed state. It serves at this time as major source of food and energy for the microbes which live in the soil. Micro-organisms in the soil and the growing plants compete strongly against each other for the supply of available nitrogen and mineral plant nutrients. When the raw materials added to the soil consist of large quantities of straw, corn stalk, strawy manures, or other organic residues low in nitrogen content, the increasing numbers of microbes turn to the soil for their nitrogen. Crop growth may be retarded temporarily, unless enough nitrogen in the form of Fertilizers is added to prevent this retardation. Phone CH 2-4700 Why n Good-Time e Charlie Suffers Uneasy Bladder Unwise eating or drinking may be a source of mild, but annoying bladder irritations — making you feel restless, tense, and uncomfortable. And if restless nights, with nagging backache, headache or muscular aches and pains due to over-exertion, strain or emotional upset, are adding to your misery —don't wait—try Doan's Pills. Dean's Pills act 3 ways for speedy relief. 1 — They have a soothing effect on bladder irritations. 2 —A fast pain- relieving action on nagging backache, headaches, muscular aches and pains. 3 —A wonderfully mild diuretic nction thru the kidneys, tending to increase the output of the 15 miles of kidney tubes. So, get the same happy relief millions have enjoyed for over 60 years. For convenience, ask for the large size. Get Doan's Pills today! Doan's When you can no longer recognize the straw, cornstalks, and other residues in the soil and they have lost their structural identity, this first group of substances has passed through its final stage. Each individual unit of this first group of substances opens up small channels. These channels improve water and air penetration in the soil. Each unit of the first group of substances serves as a small barrier against soil loss by water erosion. The ond group of substances, humus, holds most of the seethe soil nitrogen and much of the soil phosphorus in organic combinations. Why is this important? Well, it means that these substances are held in the soil and are released gradually throughout the growing season. Humus makes the soil less sensitive to harmful acidity and alkalinity. It promotes the grouping together, or aggregation, of fine soil particles into larger particles. Build Bridge For Squirrels LONGVIEW, Wash. (AP) - A $1.000 bridge was erected Tuesday so that squirrels can cross busy Olympia Way in quest of food without getting killed. Traffic fatalities among the squirrels were of concern to businessmen of the Parks Plaza office building, who have been feeding them. The bushytails live across the street from the office building, in Public Library Park. The narrow metal and canvas bridge, 30 feet high and 60 feet long, was erected free by contractor Amos J. Peters. The Herald pays $5 every week for the best news tip turned in by a reader. To Explain i Government News Policy WASHINGTON (AP)^Assistant Secretary of Defense Arthur Sylvester goes before investigating congressmen Monday to tell his side of the story on administration handling of information. Sylvester's handling of Pentagon announcements during the Cuban bombers and missiles crisis, and liis statement that the government has a right to lie in times of grave crisis, drew sharp criticism Tuesday as a panel of news industry leaders testified before a House subcommittee investigating government information policies. The Pentagon information offi- A Complete Line Of PRATT & LAMBERT Paints and Varnishes NUZMAN LUMBER 113 E. 1st CH 2-1572 ccr and his opposite number tt| the State Department, Assistant Secretary of State Robert Ma» riing, are due before the Foreign Operations and. Government Information subcommittee Monday for the second installment of the inquiry. Subcommittee Chairman John E. Moss, D-Calif., wound up the first session by describing the newsmen's consensus this way: "The government itself should now propose guidelines on policies for any future crisis." WfflBffl PROTEIN PUNCH StronghMrt Dog Food It MM! Mwt- ont of nature's chief tourcM of body building, «n«rgy giving prottin. Choic* of •t*f or Uv«r1 SAVINGS ASSOCIATION Now Offers You * * FLY THIS FLAG Which The Herald Offers At Cost As A Public Service! The Crusade for Freedom sfarfs af your door Fly the new 50-Star Flag at your home on every important national holiday. The more homes that fly our flag . . . the more the whole world will know that the Spirit of '76 is just as fresh in our hearts today as it was 185 years ago. We offer these flags in the BIG 3x5-foot size in fine colorfast cotton with double stitched stripes; 6-ft. 2-pc. jointed hardwood staff with ball top decoration; metal window socket and screws for permanet mounting; halyard; mounting instructions and flag etiquette folder. Remember there are more than 20 nationally important holidays on which the flag should be flown. 3'x5'-50 Stars Complete Kit For Only CLIP AND SAVE For Future Reference Flag Flying HOLIDAYS* NEW YEAR'S DAT January 1st LINCOLN'S BIRTHDAY February 12th WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY February 22nd JEFFERSON DAY April 13th LAW DAY USA — Loyalty Day May 1st ARMED FORCES DAY May — 3rd Saturday MEMORIAL DAY May 30th FLAG DAY June 14th INDEPENDENCE DAY July 4th V-J DAY — August 14th LABOR DAY Sept — 1st Monday VETERAN'S DAY - Nov. llth THANKSGIVING DAY Nov. 4th Thursday PEARL HARBOR DAY Dec. 7th CHRISTMAS DAY — Dec. 25th ' and there are more EASY WAYS TO SAVE! Visit say of otif 7 convenient offices: 235 South Main, Ottawa, Kansas 731 Minnesota Avenue Kansas City, Kansas 5601 Johnson Drive Mission, Kansas 8017 Floyd Overland Park. Kansas 3740 West 95th Street Leawood, Kansas 737 Massachusetts Lawrence, Kansas 115 South Kansas Olathe, Kansas or SAVE by MAIL! Got 4? Get MORE; Gef a QUARTER MORE ffian 4! Gef Currenj Annual Dividends Compounded Semi-Annual// Makes An Ideal Gift For Friends, Relatives, Civic Groups On Sale In The Business Office Of The OTTAWA HERALD with INSURED SAVINGS miHior We si Htusidu

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