The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 16, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Saturday, September 16, 1944
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F. R., Churchill Pledge Jap Destruction! THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday SS Low today „.„.. 61 Rainfall S'eason (Airport) _..._ T Year ago (Airport) T SpHHun (Land Company) « T Year ago (Land Company) T Forecast Continue drlear with normal tern!><• i-n lures; pleaiant days and cool nights. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1944 12 PAGES No. 41 NEW SIEGFRIED LIN Marines Battle Jap Defenders on Palau in Stiff Fight Morotai Conquest Marines Make Ready Airstrips for Coming Philippine Push NEW YORK. Sept. 16. UP)— The American First Marine Division has thrown back three bitter Japanese counterattacks oji Palau and has surrounded the best airfield in the whole group of islands, a Blue network broadcast reported today. By Associated Prosn American marines battled against stiff resistance today toward the airstrip on Peleliu island in the Palaus while another "Yank force on Morotai island readied easily-captured Pitoe airfield for use. in the coming battle for the Philippines. Established on a 2-mile-long Peleliu beachhead, marities of the Giindalcnnal-fnnied First Division pushed ahead against furious oppo sition from an estimated 8000 Japn- " nose defenders. Losses were light in the initial landings, Admiral Chester W. Ximiti! announced last night, and " "several enemy counterattacks, employing 1 tanks, were thrown back by our ground forces" witl> strong air and naval support. Capture of the airstrip would give Allied, forces driving toward the Philippines a bomber base 515 miles east of Davao. southern Philippines, and would provide a field from which fighters and bombers could neutralize other Japanese holdings in the Palaus, including the only other usable airfield on Angaur to the south. The Japanese admitted today that the marine landing force had effected a beachhead after being "repulsed" several times. Broadcasts by the Japanese yesterday claimed the forces had been "completely repulsed" with heavy losses. Get Into Condition Engineer troops which landed with General Douglas MacArthur's forces on Morotai island in the Hal- maheras, 375 miles south of Davao, were at work putting the grass and tree covered Pitoe airstrip into condition for use in aerial blows against Mindanao, 300 miles to the northwest. Associated Press Correspondent Spencer Davis reported from Moro- tai that Sixth Arjny troops occupied the abandoned field a scant hour after the first wave hit the beachhead against -'only scattered sniper fire whic'h -was quickly overcome. The airstrip, 5,300 feet long, Is covered with kunai three feet high and innumerable papaya trees on- struct the runway, Davis reported. Both landings were made under the cover of Allied fleet units which ' heavily bombarded the shoreline and enemy installations before the troops were put ashore. Indcxt to Advertise. Abrams, Dr. R. F Amateur Boxing Arvin Plumbing Arvin Theater Beardsley Dance .Brock's Brundage Pharmacy- Citizens Laundry Colonial Inn Culliton, John W Dr. Dayman's Animal El Patio Pavilion Faith Tabernacle Flickinger-Digier Hosp Fox Theaters Full Gospel Tabernacle Granada Theater Ivers Furniture KEHN Kern County Musical Assn. Kern Materials Company Klrnball & Stone La Granada Ballroom Lj m T - A... Tf Pa ta .... Messiah Chorus Misemer-Dillasham Pftclfic Finance Phillips Music Co Rialto Theater....: Rolling Hills Academ; South Side Assembly c f, ... f God Union Avenue Dance ....- Union Cemetery Virginia Theater .7, Van Vllet Dick Willow Theater - i ge 2 3 2 6 <> 2 2 6 8 6 8 5 6 5 11 n n (i 8 8 :1 2 5 6 S 4 6 2 2 6 II 6 5 « 6 11 « 2 ti HEADS FOR IDAHO—After a give and take exchange with newsmen over his determination to keep the conduct of the war free from political discussion, and an exclamation that he hoped allocation of supplies and men to General MacArthur "is now being determined by the chiefs of staff," Thomas Dewey was on his way to northern Idaho today. DEWEYBLASTS SECREM ICKES SAYS HE'S HIGH ON LIST FOR "ELIMINATION" COEUIi D'ALENE, Idaho, Sept. 16. <JP) —Governor Thomas E. Dewey told his press conference here today that Secretary of Interior Ickes and Secretary of Labor Perkins would be "high on the list" of government officials to be ousted if the Republicans win in November. Bringing his campaign to the far reaches of the mountain country, Dewey told the reporters banked around him at the local Masonic temple that trade agreements, not tariffs, may be the answer to.future international economic interchanges. The Republican presidential nominee, here for conferences with political leaders, said he had been impressed with a feeling during his campaign that the 'west had been deserted by the New Deal.' 1 A reporter asked him if he had received any suggestions that Secretary Ickes be replaced. "Yes," the governor replied. "A great many people out here have said to me—'Will you promise to get rid of Ickes as your first act'.'' " "Did you promise that?' 1 lie was asked. "I told them he would be high on the list," the nominee replied. A reporter then asked if Secretary Perkins could be placed in the same category. "There was a great deal of competition between Ickes and Madame Perkins," the nominee replied. "That is why 1 hesitated to say which came first." Dewey's statement about Ickes and Secretary Perkins was not surprising, inasmuch as any change of national administration ordinarily brings into office a complete new cabinet. He did not explain whether he meant whether Ickes and Miss Perkins would be asked to vacate tb^ir posts immediately if the Republicans win, while other cabinet members might be retained te-.n- porarlly until successors are named. Noting that the United Mine Workers had adopted a resolution con- de:nning the New Deal administration and praising Dewey, Tom Rey- Continuecl on Page Two Massive Blow Slated for Japs at Quebec Meet Entire Might of Allies Will Be Directed at Japan When Germany Surrenders, Say United Nations Chiefs at Close of Confab QUEBEC, Sept. 16. (.#>)—President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill pledged today a devastating assault on Japan, with all the resources of their two mighty nations, as soon as Europe is out from under "the corroding heel of Naziism." The American chief executive and his British RUSSIANS MARCH INTO SgA TED ARMY PUSHES DEEP INTO GERMANY LONDON; Sept. 16. U?)— The Red army has entered Sofia, Bulgarian capital. Moscow announced tonight. partner closed out today their second Quebec war conference at a news conference at which they said they had reached quick and complete unanimity on plans for bending Japan into submission. Mr. Roosevelt asserted that he niul the prime minister were not yet ready to put u spec-Hie date i on the downfall of the enemy in | Europe, but when it comes, lie snid, j the Allies will do the fiistest possible job on Japan. The British empire. Mr. Roosevelt asserted, is, of course, looking forward to participation. And Churchill, himself, formally pledged that the Allies, air forces and naval power of his tremendous empire would be thrown into an offensive against the Pacific foe when the fighting in Germany is over. The two United Nations leaders sat side by side in pink upholstered chairs on the wooded terrace of Quebec's ancient citadel, and in turn told the press of their deliberations. They wore blue bow ties that were almost twins. Churchill had his ever-present cigar spearing from a corner of his mouth and Mr. Roosevelt puffed on a cigarette in an ivory holder. Mrs. Churchill, wearing a double strand of pearls, a blue print dress, a topcoat in cape fashion and dark sun glasses, listened intently .to the discussions. No Questions No questions were permitted. Churchill smilingly remarked that there was a bit of friction at this year's conference—but he said it resulted only from British fears that the United States might try to take on too much of the Pacific battling by itself. "You can't have all the good things to yourselves," the prime minister declared. "You 'must share them." "We will be in on the death with forces proportionate to the national strength." Colorfully, illustrating Britain's determination in the Far East, Churchill reminded nis hearers that "the egg hatched here last year is now on foot.'' And, he added, the sprout of last year has grown into a tree. The conference, the prime minister said, was held "in a blaze of friendship." Roosevelt Leads Mr. Roosevelt led off the proceedings after Prime Minister MacKenzie King of Canada introduced him to the assembled reporters. As he talked, his Scotty, Fa la', sniffed at his shoes and threatened to lap water from the presidential glass beside his feet. Mr. Roosevelt suid the outstanding fact of the conference was that it had taken less time, and had pro- Continued on Page Two President of Borax Firm Makes Statement on Charges LOS ANGELES, Sept. Iti. <£">— F. M. Jenifer, president of the Pacific Coast Borax Company, has issued a statement declaring that Sherman act charges filed in San Francisco Thursday did not contain allegations that his company, or other companies named defendants, dynamited the properties of competitors after such holdings were acquired by the defendants. Joseph AHoto, .department of justice antitrust attorney. had stated in San Francisco that the Pacific Coast Borax Company bought out the interests of Dr. John K, Suckow in the Suckow Chemical Company of Los Angeles and then dynamited the Suckow Mine. Alioto also said Pacific Coast Borax purchased the Clark County, Nev., mine operated by the American Borax Company of San Francisco and,dynamited it Answering a statement by Alioto that the Suckow Borax mines were forced into bankruptcy after a series of suits, Jenifer declared: "Neither Western Borax Company, Suckow Borax Mine nor any other competitor has been driven out of business, nor have any other groundless lawsuits been commended or prosecuted against them." In answer to other statements Jenifer said: "There has been no refusal on the part of Borax Consolidated or any of its affiliates or officers to sell borax or other products to Allied governments. On the contrary, they have given wholehearted and continuous co-operation to the war effort, as Is witnessed by the fact that the Wilmington Refinery and the mine at Doran have been given the army and navy "E" award for 1 excellence in production." MOSCOW, Sept. 16. (U.E)— Massed Russian guns fired at point-blank range into burning Warsaw today and Soviet tanks and infantrymen have pushed deep into the German battle screen to the north in preparation for a flanking drive across the Vistula. Fierce fighting raged north south of the captured suburb of Pmgn, us Marshal Konstnntin K. Rokssovsky hurled his combined Russian and Polish armies against the remaining German positions on the east bank of the Vistula, clwir- ing his flunks hefor attempting to force the river barrier und storm the city. The main weight of the Soviet attack centered on the BUR-Vistula triangle above Praga, where the, Russians captured Bialolenka, 2 miles north of Praga, Strinislawow, 8 miles north, and Aleksandrow, !» miles above the east bank suburb. (A Polish underground communi- que said the Germans were fleeing in disorder toward the confluence of the Bug and Vistula, 14 miles west of Aleksandrow, in an attempt to escape across the river to Modliri.) A Soviet communique said food and ammunition were parachuted to "our troops" inside Warsaw yesterday, presumably General Bor's Polish Patriots. Moscow continued to belittle the part played by Bor's troops in the battle of Warsaw, however, asserting that "not a single soldier of this so- called underground army" was found in Praga when the Soviets captured that town yesterday. Praga fell after a four-day battle in which losses on both sides were heavy, with the Germans losing 8000 killed and 400 captured, in addition to huge quantities of arms and equipment. (The Soviet early morning war bulletin again made no mention of the three-pronged offensive Berlin said had been launched against Riga, capital of Lavia. by 40 Russian divisions—400,000 to 600,000 men. The Germans said three Soviet armies were driving on Riga along an arc extending from 35 miles south of the city to the Estonian-Latvian border 85 miles to the northeast.) Other Russian forces in southern Poland fanned out along the border of Slovagia on a 43-mile front, and unconfirmed reports said patrols already had crossed the mountainous bordA- and entered the Dukla puss. . F L~ASTTE S MICHIGAN TKIIMPHS ANN, ARBOR, Mich., Sept. 1C. (UPJ—Two long passes from Dick Culligan to Freshman End Dick Rlsenburg gave the University of Michigan a 12-7 victory over the Iowa Prefllght Seahawks in the season opener for both teams today at the Michigan stadium. DENY EXCITEMENT RIO DE JANEIRO, Sept. 16, <UW—rThe government announced at 2 p. m. today that, contrary to rumors originating elsewhere In South America, Brazil was entirely quiet, and that nothing to disturb the country'H military or political > traiyiuility had occurred. auwarden GfBJ NETHERLANDS Utrldrt HerfonU •ietefeM KASSIL* GERMANY Molmedy* St.Vith* Bmto«n«» -f FRANCE MulhouM, • Btlfort Aachen Totters as Full Weight of Drive Strikes Siegfried Line Hopelessly Shattered by American Troops; 500-Mile Line Moves Forward in Relentless Steel Wave SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. Ifi. <U.E>-The American First i Army scored a second Siegfried Line hreakthrough above Trier today and to the north extended the first breach east of Aachen through a secondary hell of fortifications. I'nilod Press Correspondent Jack Prankish reported the new breakthrough in a dis-,— patch tonight from the First • Army head(|tiarters which j said the Yanks had completed I the liberation of Belgium in a drive carrying across an unbroken l~r>-mlle section of (he German frontier stretching from Holland to iYnmr. The bailie of Germany hud spread lo the French border area below Luxembourg, und advanrt'd elements had pushed 10 to 1'2 miles into the Reich. First Army troops striking from Luxembourg into Germany some Hi miles northwest of Trier made the second breakthrough of the first fortified belt of the Siegfried Line. They smashed through at three places on a limited front, imperiling ROBOT BOMBS BLAST LI "IMPREGNABLE 1 * LINE SHATTERED^! lere Is region Siegfried Line, hailed as "impregnable" once by Hitler scorned as "obsolete" by American army officials, and beyond repair by American forces. ROAD TO BERLIN By Untied Press The nearest distances to Berlin from advanced Allied lines today: Western Front—302 miles (from point east of Aachen. Gain of 53 miles In week.) Russia—320 miles (from Praga. Gain of 8 miles In week.) In Southern France—423 miles (from point near Bolfort. Gain of 40 miles In week.) Italy—553 miles (from point north of Florence. Gain of 2 miles in week.) -FIRST ATTACK 5WCE SEPT. 5 KILLS SEVERAL Hitler Declares Nazis Unable to Meet Deadline 9 LONDON, Sept. 1C. (IP) —Adolf i Finns knew September 2 when they Hitler declared today that German | presented the demand foi evacuation troops in Finland were unable t o i «'- I lie Geniiaii divisions that such a clear out by the September 15 dead- ! movement could not be completed by line and Berlin broadcasts Indicated September 15. The Germans said 20 fighting already had broken out in to :!."> days would have been required Finland between the Germans and ! for the evacuation. Russians. ! A dispatch from Helsinki said Fin- Finland apparently was on the verge of beginning a new war with her erstwhile cobelllgerent. Germany, even before formally concluding peace In her old war with Russia. A special communique from the fuehrer's headquarters declared the Germans in Finland would continue to "protect their security" against any attackers, as dispatches from Stockholm reported thai Finland apparently was moving toward a ; declaration of war on Germany. Berlin broadcasts KM id Gernmn detaching movements were being carried out in Finland despite Russian efforts to Interfere. (A British broadcast recorded by OWI said the Russians already had encircled two German divisions In "fighting their way through Kinland.") Finland Is pledged by agreement with Russia to use her own troops, with Russian assistance if necessary, to round up Naxl divisions .remaining on her soli after last midnight. Th" broadcast German bulletin said that both the Russians and the. nish parliamentary group* discussed Moscow's peace terms In secret today and then Parliament met for a routine 10-minute session followed by adjournment until (i p. in. Monday. A well-manned Finnish garrison, aided by Russian warphtnes. apparently bad the situation well under control on Suursauri. whose invasion was described by Vaeslra Xylancl as "a Pearl Harbor on a s-.nall scale" resulting in "strong and clear reaction" amonn the Finns. the entire west wall in that area. Broken at its strongest point east of Aachen and laid open in the first breakthrough above Trier at a point fifp miles below Aachen, the last touted defense line before the Rhine appeared to be tottering. "Every available German, from elite SS troops to hospital cases, is being thrown into a desperate effort to hold the west wall," Frankish reported. German captives of the First Army now numbered 17!l,"t!~>. the dispatch said. bringing the total for all the I'nlted States armies in western Europe to about 2.10,000. Nazi propagandists, in a sudden change of tune, said the "so-called west wall" was a thing of a. past, and had been replaced by mure, i modern fortifications—an apparent | attempt to explain away the sudden i breaching of the last big defense line before lierlin. A renewed offensive by Lieutenant-General George S. I'atton's Third Army was blacked out. but. it was known to be "suing' well" after the fall of Nancy and the ci-Hapse of the Na/.is' .Moselle river line, with Continupd on I'aue Two LONDON. Sept. lli. (UP.)—Britain's 10-day respite from tho flying bomb terror ended explosively just before dawn today when a number of robots hurtled down on London spreading death and injury through the sleeping city. Some blind bombs landed in the southern counties, causing damage and casualties. It was the first terror attack since 5:30 a. m. on the morning of September 5, when the Nazis fired a few parting salvoes from their now-captured robot bases in northern France into southern England. London had not been hit since August 31. There was no immediate indlca- liton whether the new attacks were directed from the northern Dutch coast, !iOu or more miles from London, or from Nazi "pick-a-back" plcinesjjiperating at closer range. Same Type The bombs were described as th« same type as those with which the Germans had been bombarding London from- bases in France, dispelling the idea that the enemy might have brought his promised "V-2"—long- range rockets—into action. The renewed terror bombing lent weight to recent official warnings that although the battle against the robots has been won some danger still exists. j Thousands of women and children I have been pouring back into Lon' don from safe evacuation areas out i of range of the robots, and most of j them were expected to leave the capi- j tal again. I Lord Woolton. minister of reconstruction, told n press conference yesterday that the Nazi robots had destroyed :;:!,000 houses in London and damaged 1,104.000. Airborne Armies May Seize Berlin Says Army Chiefs BASEBALL AMERICAN LE.UUK R. II. K. PH1 LA l)K LI 'HIA li s » XEW YORK 3 (i L' Batteries—Newsome und Hayes; Sevens, Donald (5), Turner (It) and M. Garbark. NATIONAL LEAOIK R. 11. E. NEW YORK 2 K 2 PHILADELPHIA 5 li 4 Batteries—Allen, Hansen ((i). Adams (8) and Lombard!, A. Mancuso (8); R. Barrett and Peacock. First Game At Boston— R, H. K. BROOKLYN 5 11 0 BOSTON 4 4 1 Batteries: Gregg, Herring (6) and Owen; Andrews, Rich (7) and Hofferth, WASHINGTON. Sept. Iti. (UP) — Possibility that Lieutenant-General Lewis II. Hrereton's Allied airborne army min'it land, seine and hold lierlin was ;i subject of speculation here today following » discussion of the potentialities of airborne forces by Lieutenant-General Barney M. Giles, deputy commander of the army air forces. ! Just I lack from a six-weeks tour j of combat theaters, Giles was asked I whether Hrereton's army could land | and hold Herlin. I "That's a good question." Giles ! told newsmen. He declined to answer directly in order not to assist the enemy, but added: "If we sent It to Berlin it will stay there until the other armies join up " Giles said the airborne army was a serious threat against which the enemy had to hold reserves. He said five or six divisions could be supplied Indefinitely by 5000 or 6000 planes. He recalled that at Imphal, 160,000 British troops were supplied entirely by ulr. Giles said new bases in France had cut the flying distances for medium and fighter bombers attack- i ing Germany by 50 uer cent com- pared with British buses. Despite intense activities of the tactical forces supporting the ground armies, the strategic bombardment of German resources has continued. "During the last three months our air losses have been rather heavy, but not so heavy as wo expected." Giles said. "We luive been able to do much more than merely replace our loses. We are stronger than on D-Duy, and will continue getting stronger while the German Luft- wuffe gets weaker." Giles said in European ground support operations June li to September 11, the A. A. F. flew 187,147 sorties which cost 174:.' planes of all types and 4086 personnel killed or missing. Simultaneously strategic misisons of all sorts involved 86,155 sorties which dropped 85.946 tons of bombs. Losses were 1128 aircraft, and 6198 crew members killed or missing. When this war In Europe IH ended Giles said the might of the A. A. F. would be shifted to the Pacific, while the assault on Japan's resources would mount along the lines of the attack heretofore made on i Germany. \ 800 Allied Bombers Blast Kiel, Berlin LONDON, sept. i'j. <JP>—Mort than sno U. A. I 1 ', und Canadian heavy bombers unloaded tons of explosives and incendiary bombs on Kiel, Berlin and Lubeck in Germany last night, the greater part of them going to the naval base of Kiel where fires still smouldered from an attack earlier in the week by th« United States Eighth Air Force. Xew fires sprang up in Berlin. 1 in proving weather today gave promise of a resumption of grand scale air attacks. The Gemma radio interrupted morning programs ami reported that fighter formations were pentratlng to central Germany. Rocket Typhoons and bomb-carrying Spitfires of the Second Tactical Air Force provided close support for ground forces in going after selected targets at Duukerque. Postwar Trip to U.S. Planned by Pope VATICAN CITT. Sept. 16. (UJ9-T- Authoritative Vatican sources r«i» ported today that Pope Pius 3f|| 1§ planning to make a postwar vlift fa the United States. According to these informant*. the committee for the Internationa) Ewi- charistic Congress plans to hoW * second postwar Eucharistie Confrwy in one of the larger American cltl«4» and the Pontiff has expressed a <Mt sire to make the trip to the United States and personally attend U»* cpngreas. t, *

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