The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 14, 1944 · Page 20
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 20

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Thursday, September 14, 1944
Page 20
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Thursdoy, September 14, 1944 Cbttonal $)agc of Wfje Palicrsftelb Californtan ALFRED HABRELL ID1TOE AND PUBLI1HKU galifafnfcm Entered In post office nt PnkprpfU'.ld. California, ns second clas« mail under the act of Congress Marrh .1. 1*79. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Prr«» 1» MCliK-lvply mttilfrt to the- use in, mil.In.i- tion of all news dlspntclicn credited to it or nut ntlinwise crcilurd 111 this pacer, and also the local news published ihrn-in. RKPKESENTATIVKS West-Holiday Co.. Ir.c. New York. Chicniro. Pan NVnnristo. T.CS AMJCICS. SexUle, Portlaiid. Uerivtr WASHINGTON. D C.. l-.IRF,Ar The >la»kin Service, \v,-i:.hingi..n, M. C. REDUCING COSTS BY SPENDING LESS I T is worth Ilic allcnliim of the national electorate that "not in many years lias the State of Now York had n more etlicicnt government Hum during the administration of Governor Thomas E. Dewey. In a long period of depression, many states and the Federal government as well have faced growing indebtedness. During the Dewey regime the Empire State has enjoyed a hclter financial position, not a worse one, and that will have a tendency to strengthen the candidacy of Dewey for the Presidency. Government is a business in itself, a very important one. Those in charge spend the money but the people pay the bills. During the decade behind us taxes have increased in many stales and the burden of Federal taxation lias reached an all-time high. As to the. latter, expense of maintenance as well as the war has been an important factor. Now Candidate Dewey promises some relief to the taxpayers by reducing costs. Certainly both business and labor will approve a policy that will lessen costs as against the steady increase of recent years. AVIATION BOOM riiiccs of war arc not made on the battlefronts—the parents arc now bearing their crosses, too. When a Kern county boy dies in action he leaves a legacy in trust. It devolves upon the living as an obligation to make this world a belter place in which to live; to manifest in daily life the things those fine young men died for and only then can Ihcir deaths have been not in vain. The living people in this county, the survivors of these dead heroes, all have an obligation as long as they live to maintain the ideals for which the dead .gave Iheir life expectancy. J Iia F OUR-ENGINED skyliiicrs to ply the upper reaches of the atmosphere in commercial passenger traffic lanes have been ordered by three commercial airlines at an expense of $50,000,000. These new planes each will carry from 44 to 55 passengers. The sky- liners will have a range of 3000 miles nonstop and will reduce Hying time between New York and San Francisco to about eight and one-half hours. The planes ordered for this purpose will cost from $385,000 to $565,000 each. There is no question but what aerial travel will be cheaper after the war, more extensive and much faster than at this lime, and thousands more persons will ride in planes because they have acquired the habit traveling with the Army Air Corps and'the Air Transport Command. MORE THAN "FORCE" CIVILIAN AUTOMOBILES A. Km (., of the War Production Board, as predicted thai new automobiles will be available for civilian purchase within three months after Germany is defeated. Though military requirci^cnls must be maintained for the war with Japan, other requirements for automobile construction will be reduced to a virtual minimum, the secretary said. "I think you will be ama/ed al how soon you will get some of the production," Mr. Krug said during a press conference. This week highway patrolmen in different sections of the slate checked thousands of automobiles. Numerous arrests wore made and warnings issued in the wholesale checkup of cars. The ollicers found many old machines on the highway, cars that under normal circumstances would have been junked for new models, but millions of civilians have been making their old cars and tires serve for Ihc duration. These people, with wartime savings, will be glad to obtain new cars when they are available. II seems rather obvious that there will be something of a boom in automobile production when victory over Germany releases manufacturing machinery for the automotive industrv. MUSIC AND ROCKETS G OVEBNOH THOMAS E. DEWEY makes a reasonable point, certainly one with weight in the experience of men, when he points out that the resolution of world peace after the war must have a basis in something else besides "force." "We should," he said, "and must work lo create conditions under which peace will be desired and not merely compelled." Mr. Dewey does not discredit the use of force as an agency of world peace, but the use of force alone is not sufficient. People of the world must have an actual desire for peace, and the creation of this desire is not within the province of force but rather that of education and persuasion. "Wasters" in Washington cannot buy good will internationally by spending and giving away taxpayers' money with a lavish hand. Of all fallacies, one of the worst is that these things can be bought with money. This country has not yet recovered, even in ils second World War. from the bitterness engendered by the first, when the American people, with good motives, loaned money and materials to the. Allies only lo create distrust and recrimination after the war. Friendship and felicity are not purchased by dollars—only lip service, when it expedient to give it. ___ CASUALTY LISTS T HE boys thai attended West and Kasl Bakersfield High School, the boys of the family next door, the "kid down (he street," and your own boys, the youngsters you .saw grow up—that tramped mud onto the carpets in the winter and banged through the screen doors during the summer on their rapid and strange errands of youth, have grown up during these last few years. Now some of them are dying in strange places. Their names are appearing on the casualty lists. You read about them before at school, on the football, basketball and track teams and,on the honor rolls. Now you see some of them listed as missing in action, wounded, and a fewer number noted as having died in the service of their country. The shock of death comes as an appalling ^experience when a son has been killed. This ^experience is now a local tragedy, a result of war. The commiseration of friends is scant tolace hi these times. Time itself is needed to assauge the loss of our young men in death. The knowledge is coming home to Bakersfield and Kern county that all the sac- O N SEPTEMBER 13, 130 years ago in this country, the British were firing at Fort McIIcnry, and Francis Scott Key, proud indeed of the response made by our forces, penned the words of Ihc Star Spangled Banner. It has been reported that the tune for the song comes from an old German drinking song. Though the national anthem is difficult even for a soprano to sing, it is a Ihrilling song anil it has survived these 130 years and ils music is stronger today and more popular than ever before in the history of this nation. Oddly enough, when the fort was allackcd, rocket guns were used, rocket guns similar to those introduced by the Germans and Russians in this war and adopted by the Allies. The words of the song were new 130 years ago, but the tune was old even at thai time and rocket guns were a novelty then and lo many persons when they were rcintroduccd into Ibis current war. LATE DISCOVERY S O MIT. I inccpti of the German humor has ils cplion in Ihe facl thai so oflen Ihe Germans have no humor. The paradox is illustrated again in the conclusion of Liculen- anl-Generul Edmund Hnfl'mcislcr, captured | commander of the German Forty-first Ar- I mored Corps. I The general, before his capture, had returned to his corps after a conference with 150 other generals and Heinrich Himmler, Gestapo chief. When the conference 'was over. General Hoffmcisler left with the "fcel- ; ing that a madman stood at the head of the Beich." i This "madman" dismissed defeats and losses of thousands of troops as mere incidents in (lie course of war. And it may be ; true that when a man no longer can evaluate Ihe facts of reality that he is then truly mad. Although caught in the mesh of Hitler's political and military pattern of war and unable lo escape, except as did Hoffmeisler, through capture, there must be more than one German general convinced that his leader is insane. OPERATOR'S TAX T in: |)i'0|)osal that automobile drivers be charged one dollar for an operator's permit will not be popular with automobile owners. It is pointed out (hat even with gas rationing Californians are paying more than $1,000,000 a month in gasoline taxes. Motorists have seen a steady increase in gasoline taxes and sonic of these increases they liavc not begrudged because the (axes have meant belter highways and highway maintenance. Hul most motorists will probably see no need to add another dollar to their tax burden. Automobiles are so hung now with lax slickers and labels that windshields and instrument panels arc taking on the appearance of sign posters. It is very expensive to own and operate an automobile these days and the addition of another dollar to the annual lax will not be a popular one, if such a lax is imposed. Tke War ToJ EDITOR'S NOTE—Until nuch time as Ernie Pyle's column Is renamed followlnr his vacation, this space will be used fur war feature aioriea. By DEWITT Wlirn \VP si'e Allied forces battling on the soil of an already defeated and tottering Germany, it gives to wonder that the United Nations in such comparatively short tli-ne should have achieved this triumph over a militaristic nation which cririio close to conquering much of the eastern hemisphere—and maybe thn whole world. Thorn are, of coin-so. many reasons for our success but an important one is the superior skill of Allied generals who at decisive moments have outsmarted the best brains that Prussianism could produce. In recording this we get double satisfaction from the fact that German military leadership, taking it by nnd large, always has been of high order. One doesn't make such 11 claim lightly, and before setting it down in this column I checked it against the observations of my friend Brigadier- General Horace Sewell, the distinguished British military expert. He was, by the way, the youngest brigadier in the British army in the last war and holds high decorations. Sewell concurred without reservation. He agreed, too, that one outstanding- reason for Allied superiority is the relative inflexibility of the German mind. It works along well defined lines—a powerful and .smoothly running machine, but in a groove. \Ve have an excellent illustration of this in one of the Reich's foremost generals—the famous Field Marshal Rommel, of desert fame. Rommel is a great soldier, and he was so characterized to me by none less than his conqueror in North Africa—General (now Field Marshal) Montgomery—when I was with the MacKENZtE British forces not long after they had won the decisive battle of El Alamein. One thing that helped Montgomery take his opponent's measure was the shrewd observation that while the German was dangerously tricky he could be counted on to repeat the same tricks under cer- tains circumstances. The Russians, of course, provide us with many cases of outgeneraling the Nazis. Both Sewell and I picked the battle of Stalingrad as an outstanding example. This was the great engagement in which Hitler broke his back. The Moscovites won with what Sewell aptly describes as their elastic strategy of withdrawing and then striking when the Germans were over-extended. Then there have been numerous cases in which Allied generaliship has delivered a telling blow at a vital point after leading the Germans to believe the attack was coming somewhere else. That happened when American troops on the memorable eighth of November, 1!)42, swarmed ashore at Algiers, Oran and Casablanca in French North Africa, while the frenzied Nazis were expecting the invasion to come at Dakar, in French \Vcst Africa. This also happened at Anzio in Italy. Well, one could write a book on the superiority of Allied generalship but I'll give Sewell the last word with comment on D-Day in Normandy. He points out that this invasion was a surprise in two ways, first because the enemy expected the attack at another place, and second in the way the Allies built up their positions and supply bases on open beaches which were supposed to be invulnerable. The general, by the way, is an Eisenhower fan—as who isn't. Jnl oil y woo d -(By ERSKIME JOMNSON)- You've never heard of the fourth Andrews sister? The one who was humming in the wings of a Philadelphia theater one night while the sisters were singing. A comic named Henny Youngman listened for a moment and said. "Well, so you're the fourth Andrews sister!" The name stuck. A little guy named Lou Levy, who smokes cigars, lias been the fourth Andrews sister ever since. Lou is an ex-Charleston dancer who found tlie Andrews Sisters singjag ballads for peanuts and discovered they could sing boogie-woogie for millions. He's been their manager ever since. In fact, he's one of the family. He married Maxine. "So I wouldn't have to pay him 10 per cent," JVIaxine says. But, says Levy, chuckling, "I married the wrong sister. She doesn't like to dance. Patti knows all my dance routines. When we go out I always dance with Patti and Ma::ine gets mad." "Sure we fight," he said. "How would you like to manage three dames? But they always come around to my way of thinking. It's funny, though—I can convince Patti easier than my own wife." Lou Levy is a very smart man. He's only li,",. When the Andrew^ Sisters clicked, be started buying music companies with his commissions. He now owns six of them, including the big Leeds Music Publishing Company. By u strange coincidence, the Andrews Sisters are always singing songs that Levy owns. He collects both ways, handles a couple of million dollars a year. He hoofed his way into show business from New York's lower east side. At 18 he won a Charleston contest in New York. "We were sensational." he says, modestly. "We danced like the kids dance today. We were 20 years ahead of our time." Bob Hope saw Lou and signed him for his vaudeville act at the Palace. Then he toured the country, dancing with bands. "We danced against local champions and beat 'em every time." Lou wound up dancing in a 15-cent burlesque theater. "I figured it was time to quit," he said. "I was going in reverse—from the Palace to a grind house. So I started plugging songs and songwriters." One night in 1937 Lou heard the Andrews Sisters singing at the Hotel Edison In New York. "They were singing ballads like 'Night and Day', and they were pretty awful," Lou said. But he bad ideas. A couple of songwriters he was managing, Sammy Calm and Saul Chaplin, had just written English lyrics to the Jewish song "Bei Mir Bist du Schoen." Maybe, lie figured, be could get the Andrew Sisters to record the number. He'd collect all around. He talked them into recording "Bei Mir" and both the song and the singers were overnight hits. "I guaranteed them $10,000 the first year," he said. "I got 'em $56,000. We made boogie-woogie commercial. We sold boogie-woogie to the public." In fact, if it wasn't for Lou Levy you would never hear the melody when the Andrews Sisters sing. They like to get off the track with hot licks. Lou is always yelling "Stick to the melody—sing it the way it was written." Lou made only one mistake, he admits. That was in publishing a song titled "She Lost It at the Astor." "It was headed for the hit parade," Lou said, "until one day an 11-year- old kid wrote down the lyrics and took them to school. A teacher got hold of them and the fun started. We finally had to call in all the sheet music. I made only $11,000 on that song." (Copyright, 1944, NEA Service. Inc.) Tike Readers' Viewpoint KIMTOU'S NO'I'K— Lritfrs nhoiild lw» limited to ISO words; may at luck Ideas but not pui-suns; must not he nhuslve nml should be written legihly ami on one side of the caper. Tiic California!! is not responsible lor thf sentiment* contained therein and rwterves the riplit to reject any letters. Ijetier* must bear »n authentic address and signature, ill hough these will be withheld if (felted. NATIONAL ECONOMICS Editor The Californian: In reader's viewpoint, Ira H. Ross declares, "We need something vastly different from the AVPA jobs, government doles and relief as a postwar program." Probably Mr. Koss should consider the fact that the present government has voted 2S billion dollars to industry for reconversion. This is the same Congress that is saying that the working man shouldn't be given unemployment compensation. After all the individual has to reconvert also. It seems to be forgotten that the greatest ills of the prewar period were not the WPA, but the starving thousands of the Hoover regime, when millions of dollars were poured into the funnel of business through the RFC. I believe it was politely called "priming the pump" .for business. Despite all this priming, nothing came out of the spout for the unemployed. Of course it was embarrassing to find so many persons on the WPA during the depression In this richest of all countries of the world. It is embarrassing now to have so many people employed and a great shortage of labor, because we are in a war for survival; there is work for everyone. But everyone wants peace work also. It will be embarrassing after the war unless private enterprise can step in and supply the J° ljs - ll will be interesting to see what private enterprise does with that $-8,000,000,000 and see how much finally reaches the pocket of the ex-war worker looking for a job. The Old Dealers don't want a WPA or anything like that because It brings out in the oppn actually how many persons need employment. It's far better, according to Old Deal philosophy, just to let them starve and forget that they are there. J. B. PETERS. Fellows, September 14. CLEARING THE AIR Editor The CalifornJan: Thus early in the campaign some Issues are clearing up nicely. The war in both Europe and the Pacific are coming along so well that those in charge of the armed forces know the blueprint they are to follow. The rest of the Job Is their's with the loyal bucking of the people, at home. The nominal comniander-in-chlef, be he Roosevelt or Dewey, will have little to do with winning the war. A charge of "cashiering the commander-in-chief during the battle" -is pure bunk. The recent exchange on foreign policy between Hull and Dulles, as Dewey's representative, convinces most of us that regardless of which way the election goes, the United States will be a party to a strongly enforced international agreement to keep the peace This means both parties are meeting the will of the American people with practically the same program. That question is settled, and the "indispensable man" for making peace is a myth. That leaves as the one controversial issue—how to establish American business and trade after the war, including reconversion and re-employment. The Democrats talk in terms of public works for unemployment and a liberal dole to those unemployed, including both returned .soldiers and those laid off of war contracts. Some groups backing President Roosevelt advocate government control and operation of many lines of business. Republicans talk strongly for "free enterprise" but have no definite plan to assure full employment, and an upswing of business to assure prosperity. The campaign is clearly drawn on this domestic Issue and should not be befogged with war issues. GUY H. JAGGARD. 23)2 Drucena Street, Bakersfield, September 12, 1944. PEN SHAFTS Last year's profits of a pop dispenser in a government building in Washingto i topped the pay of a congressman by $4000. There's more in soft drinks than in soft soap. Numerous beauty parlors were found still operating in the small towns of France. And now the whole country has H new face. Statistics show that the average person consumes eight matches a day. Most of the people who borrow from us are above the average. The revlover Is 99 years old. It's about time (or it to retire from the hands fo juvenile delinquents. In the black market a profit 1s without honor. You don't have to go to a racetrack to enow horse sense. Postwar business motto: Pull to- get her or pull to pieces! $ N From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian, thla iliiie. J934) Miss Marion DeCew played the leading- role in the Writers' Club production, "I Take Thee," at the Writers' Club Theater In Hollywood yesterday. North-of-the-River Association held a barbecue at Kern River Park last evening the occasion being dedication of a grove of trees. Mrs. E. L. Hougham is the owner of nine desert tortoises which she keeps at her home, 2129 Dracen;i street. The Reverend ,T. Whitcomb Brougher, Jr., of Glendale,-will address W. C. T. IT. here Thursday. William T. Blakely, grand master of Odd Fellows lodge for the state of California, paid an official visit to Bakersfielcl lodge Wednesday night. Anna Ma«de Anderson, Kern county rural school supervisor of art, who returned yesterday from Sacramento, reports that Kern county rural schools won 140 state fair prizes. TWENTY YEAKS AOO (The Californian. tills dnle. 192O F. M. Powell was elected topnrch of Bakersfield Pyramid of Sciots Saturday evening. Others named to office were E. I,. Houghnm, Clyde Stickler, Homer Hopkins, Vance Van Riper, Elmer Martin and Charles Schuler. Henry Clayton Mack has left for Cambridge, Mass., where he will attend Harvard University Law School. Mr. and Mrs. Walter Osborn entertained as their houseguests during the week-end Mr. Osborn's sister and brother-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. John H. Boland of Lindsay. One of the season's pretty weddings was that uniting Miss Alice Black and Clyde N. Hislop Sunday. All bids for the new juvenile home were rejected today by Board of Supervisors without a comment. It was assumed they were too high as they ranged from $40,000 to $48,000. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1914) Mexican Independence Day will be celebrated here tomorrow. Bearing the national and suffrage colors, a special car carrying women campaign speakers left Washington, D. C., for the middle west today. C. A. Barlow will attend the Democratic convention in San Francisco tomorrow. Mrs. Mary L. Markey, 80-year-old widow, has been a hospital charity patient in New York for five months. It was learned today that she has more than $20,000 in the bank. An army recruiting officer became involved with an I. W. W. man yesterday in connection witH the latter's wish to tack up circulars. The quarrel reached the fighting stage of one round when bystanders interfered. Sol Schonover's third fire in as many weeks caused a damage of $40,000 in Taft business district. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dale. 1904) Sue Hee has plans ready for a new building in Chinatown and will let the contract in a short time. Managers of Offer's resort have secured an automobile to run from Kern to the baths every afternoon. Contract is now signed and the new fire engine house must be completed within 90 days. The building will be faced with sandstone brick and work will commence immediately. Russians have repulsed the Japanese at Port Arthur. The latter are holding a memorial service for their dead today. General Ogawa was wounded at Shoushantao. United States intends to keep the two open ports in the canal xone in spite of any protests that might be made by the Panama government according to Admiral Walker, head of Panama commission. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1894) Al Connor's blacksmith shop was too hot for comfort this morning when a kicking bronco required three men to put on one shoe. A delighted audience took in the show. The residence of John Griffith, l'/i miles south of town, with all of Its contents, was destroyed by fire yesterday morning. Many new buildings are up in Bakersfield. The new Californian structure was begun this morning. T. M McNamara has approved ur- chitect's plans for a 7-room cottage, and the W. H. Scribner residence on K street is completed. This evening winds up the first week of the County High School for this fall. The school started off under the supervision of Mr. Goodyear and Miss Kitty Crusoe, with a class of 42. which was today increased by 2 new arrivals. Men are in the majority, with only 7 girls attending The school is doing a good work, the results of which cannot lie computed and can only be measured by time. SO THEY SAY Should a period of unemployment occur, young persons should not become embittered and feel that they are unwanted members of society, as was frequently the case in the past. The time should be spent In improving themselves.—Dr Mary H. S. Hayes of the War Relocation Authority. I think the Japanese are counting on the assumption we'll be bored with the war when the war in Europe is over. They still adhere to the belief we are the kind of nation that is not willing to see it through to the limits.—Navy Secretary James Forrestal. We are not responsible for making work, but it is our responsibility to remove every obstacle that may prevent American industry from going boldly ahead when materials and facilities can be released.—Acting WPB Chairman J. A. Krug. We should be serious, prayerful and sober (on V-Day). We should thank God that hostilities are at an end in Europe, at least; we should pray for an early peace In the rest of the world.—Cleveland Coadjjutor Bishop Edward F. Ho ban. I don't think I need a lawyer. All I did was hold up a crap game.— Man arrested in Cincinnati, Ohio. A THOUGHT KOR TODAY For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery. — Job 13:3.'i. • * • Not he who scorns the Savolr's yoke Should wear his cross upon the heart. —Schiller. N ews ike Ne -(By PAUL MALLON)WASHINGTON, Sept. 14.—The Dewey philos9phy of government— the working program he is offering in contrast of Mr. Roosevelt's—is becoming apparent in his speeches. It is a complete opposition theory. It holds that the expected depression and vast unemployment need not occur. To avoid it he would offer benevolent business-inspiring policies such as reduction of taxation and lessening of bureaucratic controls, a more Judicial attitude toward the unions, a break-up of the federal robot octopus in favor of state leadership—in short, a non-political, objective, central government toward all quarreling class groups (CIO, AFL, farmers, white collar workers to replace group coddling^ government doling of wages, hour's, prices, and similar group discriminations. He thinks this would inspire enough business to restore the growth of thie country. He is a young man who obviously believes he can do it, and is getting a lot of other people to believe he can do it. Ttfts type of campaign caught the new dealers napping—or its unexpected popularity, did. It was a daring program politically, when you consider the power of the radico- liberal-CIO over all political debate no less than a few months back, and Dewey's opportunity to sit tight or follow the Willkie line holding government policies "half good" or just administered by the wrong people. The Roosevelt campaign had been built since January on an opposite thesis, all the government economists and leaders contending, without exception that the nation was facing a postwar catastrophe and implying, naturally, Mr. Roosevelt was the only one with experience to handle it. It was this theory upon which the CIO political action committee chose to assume leadership, going before Congress with a demand for vast unemployment compensation, demanding backlogs for new government spending in public works, etc. But since the initial Dewey speeches, the Washington attitude has shown signs of abrupt change. Mr. Roosevelt's real vice-president for domestic affairs, James F. Byrnes, has come forward with a report largely accepting the Dewey theory, with just enough objections to avoid the appearance of a complete about-face. Instead of official pessimism, Byrnes breathes the same optimism as Dewey, saying "fear of prolonged unemployment has been exaggerated" . . . "the pent-up demand for goods will come from a people who have the money with which to buy them." And a bi-partisan House postwar committee estimates how much this amount of money in the hands of the people is—the amazing total of $150,000,000,000. The first demand in its report was the same as Dewey's, favoring a reduction of taxes "intended to stimulate investment and production." (Signed by 10 Democratic congressmen and eight Republicans.) Officially of the Byrnes report Is darkened by the fact the CIO pre- vented him from being Mr. Roosevelt's running mate at Chicago, and It is being printed he will shortly resign. At any rate, he seems to be trying to get Mr. Roosevelt to shift the level of his campaign up to Dewey'a from the old new deal basis of catastrophe and want—to ,be cured only by the federal govern' ment—which Dewey truly calls the theory of the dole. Congress is going the same way, only more so, as all its latest actions, particularly in repudiation of the union labor compensation bill, will testify. Congress Is going the same way, only more so, as all its latest actions, particularly in repudiation of the union labor compensation bill, will testify, and Congress, of course, is controlled by the administration and the votes come from many men running on the same ticket this time with Mr. Roosevelt The conclusion, therefore, is in. escapable that the Dewey campaigtl is so well grounded Mr. Roosevelt himself may be inducted to take it up and run oh It instead of his own. The administration discovered, apparently, that the facts of economic life today would not Justify its usual type of campaign, but justified the Dewey philosophy of government, and is switching accordingly. Such new factors as the wealth of the states (surpluses In the treasury from war taxes) support the theory of the states' ability to handle matters, including social security for industrial workers. Swollen savings accounts, the vast public holdings of government bonds, and the backlog of needed articles hardly justified what the New Dealers want to do. The contrast on international policy has been made equally clear, and the sharp changes wrought by Dewey are equally interesting. The administration built up the notion Dewey was an isolationist and inexperienced, and for both reasons Unworthy to handle the terrific task of re-ordering the world. The world order theories of Willkie were espoused also by the administration spokesmen, Wallace, Welles, et al, with an end of want and various other fears forecast Now the army Is to do the feeding, with which UNRRA was supposed to draw the world into our way of life, and the administration world program has developed into a comparatively mild league of natlona led by Stalin, Churchill and Roose- ' veil. In contrast with this, Dewey denounced any world spending program, demanded a specific program for larger participation of small na-" tions (and is apparently getting it), urged internationalization of the Rhlneland and its production to rehabilitate Europe (instead of our money), and is clearly opposing a world dominated by Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt. No one is saying this time the Republicans are running another Roosevelt. (World copytliilit, 11144, by Klnu Krilurn Syndicate, Inc. All rights reserved. Keuiodumun In full or in part strictly prohibited.) Wasnington Column -(By PETER KDSON1- The face of a certain major in war department bureau of public relations is exceedingly red these days, and his ears are blistered from the beating they have taken over the telephone. Asked to draw up a program on what the bureau of public relations should do to celebrate the downfall of Germany, the major finally • produced u document six pages long, single spaced. Everything centered around V- Hour on V-Day. A statement was to be written for Secretary of War Stimson to give out on V-Hour plus 30 minutes. Telegrams of congratulations were to be prepared for General Marshall to send to General Eisenhower for release at V-plus-one- Hour. A history of the war should be prepared for release on V-Day- plus-one. And so on. Then to show that he was a real, long-distance planner, the major outlined just how news reels, radio and newspapers should bo co-ordinated for this armv-publicity-campaign-to- end-all-army-publicity-campaigns. He specified that the movie people should be called in on "V-Day-mlnus- 30," the broadcasters on "V-Day- minus-15," the newspapers on "V- Day-minus-7." As soon as the memorandum was circulated, the smart gag around the war department was to call up the majojr and in serious voice ask him just when this "V-Day-minus- 30" was, so they could start planning. How Acting War Production Board Chairman J. A. "Cap" Krug goes after things is shown by the way he persuaded Hiland G. Batcheller, president of Allegheny-Ludlum Steel Corporation of Pittsburgh, to come to Washington and take over the job of WPB vice-chairman for industry operations. Krug located Batcheller at his farm in New York state on Sunday, called him by phone, told him he wanted to talk to him on Monday and was sending a plane for him from Washington. At the conference, Krug told Batcheller what he. wanted him to do. Batcheller demurred. He had given a ytjar of his time to WPB, thought he had done his bit and that he owed his time from now on to his company. Krug said that it he wouldn't come quietly, it would be necessary to use force, and Batcheller went back to Pittsburgh. Arriving at his office Tuesday morning, Batcheller found a telegram to the chairman of the board from War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes, saying the President had requested that Batcheller be assigned to Washington. It was followed by a telephone call from Bernard Ba» ruch, repeating the same message. Wednesday morning, Batcheller reported in Washington. Maury Maverick, ex-Texas congressman now chairman of the Smaller War Plants Corporation, has been looking around for a ghost writer—someone who could write him a good speech to use when called upon to talk to business groups and spread the gospel of the little businessman. Maverick Used to pride himself on MB own speeches when he was a liberal light from Texas, but now that he's a busy bureaucrat he just hasn't time to prepare his own. Even though his friends tell him he doesn't need a ghost writer or public relations man, Maverick still insists he has to have one. So when the name of a. good ex-newspaperman was suggested to him recently. Maverick got the prospect on the phone and asked him how about it. "Oh, I know all about you," said the newspaperman. "You don't need anybody to write your speeches. All you have to do is walk out on the platform, prop your mouth open— rnd then walk off and leave it." " Questions ana /Answers Q. What school supplies were essential in the early days?—J. J. A. According to T. D. Clark in his history of the Southern Country Store—before a child could be in school during the early years after the Civil War he needed the maximum equipment of a slate, a pack of slate pencils, a half quire of foolscap paper, a bottle of ink, a pencil, a half dozen steel pens and a dictionary. Perhaps not all of these things were necessary, but at least the slate and pencils were. Large slates. <8"xl2") cost a quarter and the smaller ones <5"x7") 15 cents. In some places they were the only satisfactory writing surfaces which many of the people had. Q. What Is the 'meaning of the expression "attached to the flag' 1 in connection with a job on board ship?—G. E. O. A. It means attached to the staff of the flag officer using the ship us the flag ship. Q. Was Grant a full general during the Civil War?—M. R. P. A. Ulysses S. Grant wore the three stars of a lieutenant-general in the Civil War. He was not made a full general until 1866. Q. How many authentic skins of the now extinct great auk are In existence?—G. p. B. A. There are about 81 skins of this bird in various museums of the world. Q. Why did not Thomas Jefferson take part in the numerous political debates of his time?—G. V. A. Jefferson disliked such contests and had H poor voice. He preferred to spend his energy in writing rather than speaking. Some 18,000 letters will be Included In the compilation of Jefferson's writings now under way. Q. Did New Guinea belong to Ger- ' many at one time?—O. W. B. A. The Territory of New Guinea, the northeast quarter of the island, was formerly a German colony. It was placed under mandate to Australia by the League of Nations after the first world war. t Q. What is the largest rodent?— G. E. Q. A. The capybara rat is the largest of living rodents, reaching a length of 4 feet and a weight of 75 pouni^. It has webbed feet and a coat of reddish-brown fur. Q. Is confectioners sugar pure sugar?—F. R. B. A. This sugar is made by grinding granulated sugar to a. fine powder and mixing it with some cornstarch to prevent much absorption of moisture. The number of xs on the package" indicate! fineness of grind. A toiler .-»n uel tin inner to in; qiicttlan of tici by wrltlni TIM ll*Mnfl«ld C«llfojnl»n larormillon lluruu. 31< Ejt tltfett N. K.. Wuhintton. i, D. V. PlH» tucloM HUM 131 ,«ni« for ttvif. . ,\

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