The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 14, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Thursday, September 14, 1944
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YANKS SHATTER SIEGFRIED LINE * PEACE RIOTS MOUNT IN BERLIN THE WEATHER Temperature yesterda}- ................................ !U today ....................................... 61 Rainfall n (Airport) ............................ T ago fAirportl ........................ T Season (Land Company) .............. T Vear ago (Land Company) .......... T Korcrant •Pleasant daytime temperature; cool at night. Hlsh Low Tear Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1944 20 PAGES 29J)ie, 64 Injured in Train Wreck No. 39 Soldiers Victims of Crash Toll May Soar In Collision of Crack Flyer at Terre Haute TERRE HAUTE, Iml., Sept. 14. <U.E)—A Chicago-to-Miami train, carrying 400 civilians and war veterans who had survived the battle of Italy, rammed the engine of a mail train today in a disastrous wreck that killed 2 ( J persons and injured scores. The luxury Dixie Flier, speeding through the fog, smashed into a standing mail train 2 miles north of here when the engineer apparently failed to see the block signal along the single track. Most of those killed aiHfcdiMHW- ot (he (5-1 who were injured Were soldiers riding iu the first three cars. It wa.s the worst wreck on the Chicago and Eastern Illinois railroad in 3!) years. The death toll was revealed by Vigo County Coroner Denzil M. Fer- j guson, who said some of the injured were so badly hurt they may die. Names of the dead and injured servicemen were withheld until next of kin could be notified. , Some of the soldiers aboard the train had come through the Italian campaign only to ride to their deaths in the train on their way from Fort Sheridan to Florida. The passenger train struck the standing northbound mail train at North Terre Haute with such force that the tops of the first car on each train were sheared off when hurled against the locomotives. Among the known dead was L. Rasuch, 55, Evansville. fireman on the flier. Engineer Frank Blair, 55, Evansville, was injured. Charles Rohlfer, 55, Evansville, engineer on the mail train, also was injured. The fireman of the mail train escaped by jumping just before the crash. The impact, which came without warning, hurled passengers of the flier from their berths, but only the first few cars of the trains were thrown from the tracks. The engines were demolished; 2 baggage cars and 3 tourist cars on the 14-car flier were derailed; and the first 2 cars on the 15-car mall train were damaged. There were no passengers on the mail train. Carl Bauermeister. chairman of the Red Cross disaster committee, who began compiling a casualty list, estimated that 35 were dead and perhaps as many as 100 injured. AIDS WAR VETS SANTA MONICA. Sept. 14. (UP.) — One of the world's greatest net stars, Helen Wills Roark, is spending today and every Thursday with patients at the Advanced Reconditioning Center at Santa Monica, coach- .ing and playing sets with veterans of World War II, array medical officers disclosed. TO QUEBEC—Anthqfny Eden, British foreign secretary, will join Roosevelt-Churchill meeting at Quebec soon to take part in discussions of world policy. EDEN TO JOIN CONFAB POLITICAL PROBLEMS ARE MOUNTING AT MEETING Index to Advertisers Page A. & A. Poultry 12 Abrams, Dr. R. F 11 Arvin Plumbing 2 Arvin Theater l:t A. & P. Stores 12 Booth's Ill Brock's 3, 11, 15 Citizens Laundry 15 Coffee, Harry 2 Culliton, John W 15 Eastern 10 Edwards, Dr. E. P R Firestone Stores ....'. 15 Fllckinger-Dlgier i:» Food City 12 Fox Theaters : lit GallenKamps ; ti Goodrich Silvertown Stores.:.... 15 Granada Theater l!i Ivers Furniture 2 KERN „ : 14 Kimball & Stone 10 KPMC 14 Leed's Shoes ' 10 Lim, T 15 Montgomery Ward i Owl-Drug Store f> Penney's 11 Phillips Music Company & Rlalto Theater lit River Theater ..... 1'J Safeway '. .". 13 Sears Roebuck ...fi, 7 Smith's Farmers Market li! Union Avenge Dance „,... 1H Union Cemetery 9, 111 Victory Shoe Shop 1» Virginia Theater lit ^Velll's 8, 13 QUEBEC, Sept. 14. (UP.)—British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden will join the Roosevelt-Churchill conference shortly to "discuss a broad range" of political problems which are accumulating rapidly in Europe and Asia in the wake of Allied military success, it was announced officially today. The announcement was mad(e at a special news conference by a British spokesman, who said he did not' know whether Secretary of State Hull would join President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill in their discussions at the ancient Quebec citadel. An American information official, who was present at the press meeting, said he knew nothing concerning the likelihood of Hull's attendance. It was recalled that both Hull and Eden joined the talks at the previous Quebec conference. High on the political agenda were certain to be three of the most dyifl- cult problems before the Allies. 1. The plans for occupation of Germany, the peace terms to be imposed on her and the extent to which France shall be given a share and voice in the enforcement of these terms. » 2. The long-standing Polish-Russian dispute, which includes territorial matters. Eden has just completed a series of London talks with the prime minister and foreign minister of the Polish government. 3. Delicate questions involving the British attitude in the Far East. The Unted States has in the past urged greater independence for India to remedy the somewhat lethargic role of that country in the war against Japan. Running through the entire political situation in the Far East was the basic problem of bow far self determination will be extended (Continued on PHKP Seven STORM STRIKES EAST KillerGale Reaches Coast Jap Isles Get New Pounding Carrier-Based Planes Continue Assaults on Philippine Perimeter By LEONARD M1LLIMAX Associated Press War Editor Smashing American carrier plane raids on the central Philippines which cost the Japanese 200 aircraft Morf- day, have continued for three consecutive days, Manila radio reported today. The Japanese controlled broadcast claimed that 20 attacking planes were shot down in the llrst two days. The radio said that on the third day— Wednesday, United State* time—the attacking planes "at tempted to raid" Negros and Leyte islands in the central Philippines, Leyte on Luzon island on which Manila is situated, and the fortress town of Zamboanga in the southwest. A Pacific fleet communique previously announced the opening of this second sea-based attack on the Philippines, saying 200 Nipponese planes were destroyed Monday and indicating the strike wa.s continuing. As the Manila radio told of the continuing blows Chungking announced the last Japanese fortress blocking a union of Allied forces In Burma and China fell before the dogged assaults of Chinese infantrymen. The fallen stronghold was Teng- chung, Japi-.nese headquarters for the southwest China sector of the Burma Road. Three thousand Nipponese made a last man defense of the walled city, holding out for two months in underground pillboxes and fortified temples. With the fall of Tengchung a .mountain trail running north of the Burma Road was virtually cleared between the victorious Chinese and other Allied troops In north Burma trying to open ; a new supply route to China. Daring Raid The second daring carrier raid on the Philippines, announced vesler day by Admiral Chester W. Nimilz, was the deepest seaborne penetration of Japanese-held territory. CSrrier planes swept over the islands of Cebu. Pa nay and Negros. in the geographical center of the i Philippines and northwest of targets! hit on Zamboanga island last KrI- \ Continued on I'nce Six New England May Be in Path of Hurricane Off Atlantic Coast ' BALTIMORE. Sept. M. (£>>— Maryland state police reported late today that high winds from the Atlantic hurricane had washed water a foot deep over the coastal resort town of Ocean City. Md., and that three buses were being miiderrbi. . .„ . . TARAWA SIGN OF THE TIMES—Sardonic humor of United States Marines stationed on Tarawa is evidenced In this sign post which concludes its pointers with, "Golden Gate by '48, Bread Line by '49!" Marine Corps photo. REDS CAPTURE PRAGA IN STIFF BATTLE FOR JMAL OF POLAND STEADY ADVANCES MARK PROGRESS OF REDS IN CONDUCT OF THREE BATTLEFRONTS F. R. BLAMED FOR DEPRESSION GOVERNOR DEWEY CALLS FEAT "INCREDIBLE- Charge Borax Firms With Trade-Throttling Cartels Criminal anti-trust Indictment was lodged today by a federal grand jurv In San Francisco against the Borax Consolidatedv Ltd., of London and its subsidiaries with property assessed at more than $2,200,000 In Kern county, and the American Potash and Chemical Corporation of New York that has large operations at Trona. The news dispatch received from San Francisco said that the criminal anti-trust indictment charged that the Borax Consolidated. Ltd., of London and the American Potash Chemical Company "were a German and British Corporation, acting as a cartel, exercised a worldwide monopoly on the mining, production and distribution of war-valuable borax and eliminated American competition." A roster of London, New York and California millionaires wf?re made defendants, together with the companies they controlled, operatlniar from New York headquarter?, and their subsidiaries exploiting the. world's richest deposits of crude and sodium berates. . Stock Taken Over German members of the cartel, who anti-trust division attorneys say own , 90 per, cent of. the American Potash' and Chemical Corporation, were not Indicted. Their stock was taken over by the alien property custodian after the German ownership wa.s discovered In October, 1042 A supplementary .'Ml complaint i filed in Federal District Court charged that the cartel and Its subsidiaries obtained control ot 95 per cent of the world's supply of borax by driving other companies out of busir e.ss and dynamiting borax mine shafts. The indictment was announced by Wendell Berge, assistant attorney general in charge ji! the anti-trust division of the department of justice. It completed a lengthy, secret grand jury investigation. Companies Named Companies named in the indictment, are: ' Borax .Consolidated, Ltd., of London and Its subsidiaries, Pacific Coast Borax Company, Log Angeles, makers of "20 Mu!« Team" borax, and the U. S Borax Company, of Los Angeles. The Indictment \charged the two subsidiaries are controlled and dominated in policies and practices by Borax Consolidated. Berge said the civil suit sought to enjoin the continuance of the alleged violations and "obtain affirmative relief to correct'the conditions produced by the unlawful acts.". It sought appointment-of a receiver to sell the property, including mines Continued on Pus* Seven ., Bv Associated 1'i-esp LONDON, Sept. 14. <£•>—Marshal Joseph Stalin announced tonight the capture of Warsaw's eastern .suburb of Praga. The Germans already had acknowledged that the Hod army had driven into the streets of Praga. It's capture advanced the Russians to the Vis- ||]|;i r j v( ,,. W here the barrier is -4,"iO to (il!0 yards wide. Marshal Hokossovsky's White Russian Army stormed up to the bridge sites after a. "prolonged and stubborn" battle, Stalin said In an order of the day recorded by the Soviet monitor. Far to the south, other Russian troops reached the Czechoslovak frontier in the Besklde mountains of the Carpathian range and one report said Cossack patrols were believed to have crossed the border within ."•<) miles of Kosice, sixth largest city of Czechoslovakia with 70,000 population. Advancing 5 miles beyond the toppled Narew river bastion of Lomza, still other Russian troops drove to within 15 miles of East Prussia. Vet another group of Red armies, moving swiftly through Rumania was acknowledged by Berlin to have stormed through the Szekler corner of Transylvania, territory disputed between Rumania and Hungary. The whole picture of enlivened activity all along the eastern front prompted Moscow reporters to cable that there were Indications that Stalin had resumed his all-out offensive toward Germany itself. Berlin's announcement that Russian troops were fighting In Hie streets of Prnga meant that Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky's tanks, ar- Continued on I'JIKP Six SHERIDAN, Wyo., Sept. 14. (UP.) Governor Thomas E. Dewcy today placed responsibility for the prewar depression squarely on President Roosevelt. Dewey said that despite more power than anyone ever had before, and despite 58 billion dollars to spend, the President "made a depression last for 11 years, which Is an incredible accomplishment for any one man." Speaking from the rear platform of his special train, Dewey said that the issue of the presidential campaign involves a choice between the New Deal road to regimentation and a totalitarian society, or a free society with full opportunity ot jobs for all. He tol I the crowd that he was happy to be in Sheridan and "delighted to see no one here spoiled by the New Deal." "As I told the people of Valentine, Neb.," he said, "You all look so healthy I'm sure there isn't a new dealer In the crowd.". "Oh, yes, there is, ' a shout went up from the fringe of the crowd. , "I am confident," Dewcy continued ronllnuen" on t'liwe Six BASEBALL VYTIONAI,' IJS.VGl E (First Game) At Brooklyn— R. H. K. BOSTON ............................ 4 10 2 BROOKLYN ....,.„ ..... ........ 5 11 0 Batteries: Javery, Hutchincs (0). Hutchinson (7), Barrett (9) and Hofferth. Wells, Webber (S) and R. H. E. WASHINGTON. Sept. 14. (UP.)— Tho Atlantic hurricane, now centered just off the coast and HO miles northeast of Norfolk, Va., is gaining speed rapidly in Its sweep toward southern New England, the weather bureau reported today in a ;! p. m. advisory dispatch. BEAUFORT, N. C., Sept. 14. <U.E>—A "killer" hurricane, with wind velocity reaching 85 miles an hour, lashed the North Carolina mainland today, accompanied by torrential rains and pounding seas which whipped acrosf beaches here in waves nearly 50 feet high. The full force of the storm was yet to strike and tho weather bureau said the hurricane center possibly might veer to the northeast and by-pass the coast. Storm-riding army and navy pilots who had charted the course of the hurricane northward from the Bahamas estimated the wind velocity in the center at 140 miles per hour. Residents along hundreds of miles of the coast from Charleston to the Virginia Capes battened down their homes and boarded up windows for tho blow, and scores of army and navy planes had been flown inland to safer airfields. Resort beaches and hotels along much of the threatened coast, had been evacuated and other precautions taken which were expected to preclude heavy casualties. Outer fringes of the "killer" blow lushed at the great shipbuilding center of Wilmington, where launching of the 1'. S. S. Suffolk was postponed until tomorrow. Indicating the rapid northward movement of the storm, the barometer at Wilmington began to rise as full force of the hurricane swept toward Beaufort. Continued nn l';iue Six BLOODY Cl'RB—Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler today battled to curb peace riots which are reported to be boiling in Berlin. HIMMLER CURBS BLOODYJOTS GOEBBELS SHOUTS FOR GERMANS TO BEAR UP LONDON. SEPT. II. OB—He in- rich Himmler, German dictator of the home front, tightened the lid on bomb-blasted Berlin with a reshuffled' police command tonight a few hours after the I'Ycnch radio had reported peace riots in which SS troops fired on the demonstrators. Himmler named Kurt Goehrum, an SS group leader and lieutenant- general of police, as supreme police commandant for Berlin. The SS brigade leader, .Major- General of Police Erik von Helmbur, was named new commandant of Berlin security police. lie replaced Otto Klinger, an S.S group leader and lieutenant-general of police, who was announced as pensioned. Reprtrt-s of troubles within the beleagueicd Itelch increased, meanwhile. The Moscow radio said tlvit thousands of foreign workers were escaping from German and Austrian warplanls, seeking to reach Yugoslavia across the Swiss border, in response to General Dwight IX Elsenhower's advice to quit their war machines. The radio of the French forces of the interior at Lynn first reported the peace clashes in Berlin. i'aul Joseph GoebbeLs, German mobilization director, acknowledged today in Dr.s Heidi that Germany's territorial losses wore grave and said that -some German divisions could not be dispatched to the front because they "could not be supplied with necessary war equipment." There was a warning to the Allies, however. In his article, broadcast from Berlin: "\Ve know now exactly what, we arc up against. \V'e know what we have to defend and whore our forces have to be employed to protect our national life. We are defending our and the existence nf our country nation, "our lines in duct of IcuiK rear communication our former widespread con- the war have naturally had (heir drawbacks. Our manpower was insufficient to penetrate the occupied territories to the desired extent and to make these areas serve our war efforts to full measure." Now. he said, the German nation is drawing its belt lighter, "rcadv and determined Tor everything and anything." Clark's Troops Overwhelm Nazi Outposts in Italy Falifcf Aachen Looms Yanks Advance on 85-Mile Front; Push Described as General SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 14. (U.E) — The American Firs* Army drove as deep as 8 miles into Germany in a general ad* vance on a broad front today and its left wing struck within 1 mile of Aachen, Siegfried Line stronghold which was subjected to a shattering artillery bombardment. "I believe the full of Aachen can be expected shortly," United Press Correspondent Henry T. Gorrell said in a dispatch from First Army headquarters reporting the capture of the neighboring villages of Forstbach. Coi>sechen and Wumhof.. Gorrell said the deepest penetration of the Releh by the United States forces slugging through the Siegfried Line was" in the area Of Pruni, 40 miles below Aachen, 13 northeast of the Luxernbourg-Ger- i man-Belgium frontier junction, and 8 miles east of the border. I'nited Press Correspondent Jack Frankish reported from the front "before Aachen" that United States j troops fought savage hand-to-hand | buttles with the Germans today and broke out on the north side of the Aachen state forest, where' they ; overlooked the city of 120.000. "It is the hardest, most personal kind <if fighting," an officer told Frankish, "The woujls and dragon- I tooth type of tank • traps we run I against nmkn this a job for the infantry. They hiid to reduce each pillbox and strong point, one by i one." ! The First Army headquarters re| port said the American Infantry and i Arrno had seized "a good many" pillboxes of the Siegfried Line as they drove into it on a broad front. Re- sls|,ance was disjointed. It said. At some points heavy artillery fire was encountered. At others the only fire was from small arms. Gorrell said the American vanguard already was attacking the "Aachen area." This was the first big city to come under I'nited States i artillery fire. i Lieutenant-Gcneral Omar N. Brad: ley's Twelfth Army group headquar- l tors reported that the Americans had ; captured a number of villages in , Germany and crossed the border at 1 NO many new places that the advance ; Into llic Reich now had become j genera I. Gorrell reported that the armored ; division he was accompanying t through the steel and concrete fortl- i Mentions of the Siegfried Line bat- 1 terpd steadily forward all day despite stuboorn but unco-ordinated resistance which cost I'nited States casualties described as "not too heavy." : observers looking down on Aachen from the commanding heights seized south of tlie city .saw a German train destroyed in the city as United States artillery lobbed shell after shell into , the first Fatherland prize to come i within reach of Licuenant-General Courtney II. Hodges' invaders. The security blackout over the front obscured the situation in most sectoi>. Lieutenant-General George | S. Pulton's Third Army was reported by the Nazi high command | t<. lie advancing well beyond the ! -Moselle southeast uf Nancy, reaching: the outskirts of Luneville on ronunuwl on I'HBe Sis (First Game) At New York— PHILADELPHIA .......... 1 7 1 NEW YORK r. .................. 12 15 1 Batteries:' Schanz, Kaii (.1), Kennedy (•>) and Peacock; Voiselle and nbardf. .......... CAI'TUIK HRAC LONDON, Sept. 14. (URI —Marshal losip Tito. Yugoslav Partisan leader, announced today the capture of Brae, one of the largest Dalmatian islands, about 10 miles southeast of Split, In an order of the day read over the free Yugoslav radio. Tito's order of the day said the Island was taken after landings by Yugoslav troops. PATKOL.MAN ACCUSED SACRAMENTO, Sept. 14, (JPl— The state highway patrol announced today it has referred to the Sacramento county district attorney u chaige that Highway Patrol Sergeant George Spauldlng had improperly torn 1C to 20 5-gallon gasoline stumps from books Issued to tho patrol and had made private use of them. The patrol said Spuuldlng has resigned after signing a statement making: admissions In connection with the alleged transaction. ROME. Sept. 14. (UPI—-American and British troops under Lleutenunt- General Mark W. Clark overwhelmed German outpost positions between I'isloia and Lucca on the Italian front today and penetrated well Into the Gothic Line itself. British divisions for the last several weeks have been fighting under Clark's command in the I'nited States Fifth Army sector, it wa.s revealed for the first time. The units Included the Sixth South African armored division whose, advance elements occupied Pistuia September 10. As Clark's forces burrowed into the western end of the Gothic Line, British Eighth Army troops in the Adriatic sector advanced and cleared the enemy from many positions on the Coriano-San Savino ridge before Rimini, prize coastal city. Heavy fighting was still in progress In that area, however, front dispatches reported. The official announcement nf the union of American and British forces said this Indicated the close co-operation between the Allies under Clark's command. It recalled that at Salerno a year ago the British Tenth Corps was a part of the Fifth Army, while at Anzio, British divisions landed and fought as a part of the Fifth Army's Sixth Corps. Front dispatches emphasized that V was designed to any penetration. thus requires an miles In tough I the Gothic line is not a -single line, i but rather a defense zone several ] miles in depth, varying with tho lo- i callty. With concrete emplacements, i trenches, tank obstacles, mines, nnd | dugouts placed in the side of the mountains, the line absorb in its depth A break in the line advance of several flglitinK. All along the Fifth Arm> trout,' resistance was increasing tremend- ! ously, with the Germans bringing I into play the full force of coinniru'd : arms, including machineguns. anil- ' lery. mortars and self-propelled | guns. : It was becoming apparent that | Allied progress henceforward will be! considerably slower. | British. Canadian and Indian i troops in the Adriatic sector were j fighting for possession ot' three j towns—Coriano, Passano and San ' Savino. They advanced 1000 yards till along the line against stiff opposition incl'.ding tanks dug Into the ground to play ah anti-tank role. Further south. British troops recaptured two hotly-contested farms on a ridge ; bout 1000 yards northwest of Croce, which is IVa miles north of Gemma no. Fierce fighting was continuing in the Geinmano orea, although that village was reported firmly held by the British. 174 German Aliens Indicted in East WASHINGTON. Sept. 14. C*>—The justice department announced today that 174 German aliens, including former high German officials, hav« been indicted in New York and New .lersey on charges of conspiring to defraud the I'nited States by concealing their Nazi party affiliations in this country The announcement said federal grand juries in New York, Brooklyn and Newark returned 31 Indictments, culminating a series of Investigation* which ended In Newark yesterday. For security reasons the Indictments were sealed until today. The indictments state that Nazi party activities began in the United Stuets as early as 1933 and were "operated actively through the German ambassadors and consular official*." The announcement said "*ll of th» defendants are alleged to have beta. members or officers of the party and to have worked for the advancement of its alms." * All the defendants are resident* or former residents of the New York- New Jersey ar«a.

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