The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 12, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, September 12, 1944
Page 14
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Tuesdoy, September 12, 1944 Cbttortal $age of California!! A L F B E D H A R H E L L IDITO* ASD FDBLIIHCI Enterod In poit offlc« at Bnfcersfleld. California. H* fecund c)a» mail under the act nf Congres.i M-rch 5. IS.n. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Th« Associated Pren !• exclusively entitled to tlir u«e rnr riiNji-ii- lion of all new« dispatches credited in it or r.ot otherwise cieuued In this paper, and also the local news puli'ished iheiem Tb» BakersflcM Californian is alsn a client of ihr. United riess and receives us complete wire set' ! r e. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co . Inc. New York. Chic-afro, Sun KrnnHi-i-o. !.oi Angeles. Seattle, Portland. Denver WASHINGTON. D C. BfnF-.M' The Haskin Service. Wanhmst'.n. L> <„. By carrier or mall (in advance> in ponnl znnr* one. t\v per month. 85c: six months. >i-.iO: «nc vcni. SI'.00. By postal tone* four to eight, per month, II Co two. thlep. mail JM QUEBEC MEETING I T CAN probably be surmised, with some assurance of accuracy, that the conference between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of England, at Quebec, has been concerned not only with the concluding stages of the war in Europe, but with the strategy for the war in the Pacific. Actually, all we know of the conference is that Roosevelt and Churchill arc in Quebec. Said the President to the Prime Minister: "Hello. I'm glad to see you. Eleanor is here. Did you have a nice trip?" Said the Prime Minister to the President: "Well, we had three beautiful days, but 1 was frightfully sick." Certainly these two statesmen must talk about the concluding days of the war in Europe for that now is the major concern of the British Prime Minister. It may be that the hardest phase of the war in Germany is in process, for Germany to the limit of her resources will probably defend her own borders with the greatest stubbornness and ferocity, prolonging a war, the consequences of which seem foreordained to only one conclusion—disaster. The occupation of Europe, the peace terms for Germany, the possible division of Germany, or at least other suggested political expedients for the prevention of another European holocaust, will probably occupy the two leaders. But to those of us living on the Pacific the Japanese campaign has, of course, great interest and we must assume that the grand, overall master strategy for this campaign will probably be discussed by the leaders and the admirals and chiefs of the armed forces. England can render great aid if she so desires and she has been formally committed to the end of the war against Japan. Actually, England's greatest aid, as already announced or implied by Mr. Churchill, will be for the purpose of regaining her overseas empire. Whether this will include her Chinese possessions as well as Malaya remains to be defined in terms of the action after the strategy now being planned. It is possible that England's greatest aid will be in the form of her fleet, which is now far outnumbered by our own. Use of the English warships in the Far East and Dutch East Indies would be of great aid to us. It seems doubtful that England will send many soldiers from Britain into the Pacific /one. What might be deemed more probable is that England will use the troops of her colonies if they are available for this purpose. But it is believed, and not without reasons for this assumption, that the Unilcd Stales will supply the greatest number of men, ships and planes for the fighl in the Pacific, just as the United Slates has done this same thing in the European light. The conference in Quebec will be conducted in secrecy, of course, but it will be interesting to follow ils planning translated into terms of action a.s the weeks go by. following the conference in the old French- Canadian citv. | very desperate defense pf her borders, a defense which will prolong the war and do j no good in the long run, for Germany can | no longer hope to win. All she can do now I by resisting is cause the deaths of thousands of persons in the stupid attempt to forestall what already is a foregone conclusion. Each day now that Germany continues the fight | makes Ihc situation worse for herself and j the Allies. It is indeed unfortunate that the i revolt did not succeed within Germany and i with it surrender, for this course would have 1 saved many lives and an endless amount of ! trouble. NAVY HOLDS MEN Tke War Toil W HI;N Germany crashes to deleut, a defeat wliidi many observers believe is within the period of this fall, the Army plans to release in an orderly fashion a million or more men from service. This announcement and the means of determining the men to be released has been reported in detail with appropriate comments. Army releases will be based on length of service, combat records and dependants. The Navy's policy with respect to the end of the war in Europe has now been made public in a statement from Secretary For- reslal, who said that the Navy will not conj sider demobilization until Japan is defeated. i The reason for this is in two words—the I Pacific ocean. ; The war in the Pacific without a great i navy would be impossible. Concentration of our naval forces in the Pacific after Germany succumbs will require a complete naval complement—the greatest in history— to man the largest fleet ever assembled since man began written records. EDITOR'S NOTK—Vntil such time n» Ernie Pyle'n column Is ii-.iumed following his vacation, this space will be used for war feature Glories. By CHARLES S. FOLTZ MADRID, Sept. I!. (Delayed) (JP>— What do the Germans think about their present military and political position in the war? With France almost entirely In Allied hands and both the western Allies and the Russians on the threshold of the Reich itself I sought the answer on the Franco- Spanish frontier this week. I talked to German deserters, German soldiers and officers who had crossed into Spain been use thev were unable to escape to the Reich, to neutrals and to Frenchmen just out of occupied territory. AH seemed to agree It would be a grunt mistake to assume that Germany lies beaten, awaiting only occupation and preferably by the Allies. They said defeatism is spreading but by no means is general. Many expressed the belief that the decisive batt-!p of Europe Is still to be foughl. Here fs what the Germans seem to believe—and hope—today: That there still is hope of a definite defense although it is generally understood that Fiance, Italy and must of the occupied Europe is lost. One German placed pen and scissors on a map of KuCope so that lay under the axis and one ay on Rotterdam and the channel and the other on Koenlgs- berg. "Therein lios our Liebensrauin and our last fortress." he said. Inside the scissor blades were Austria, Bohemia and the Vistulia to the Bailie in east Prussia, Holland KAISER'S HELICOPTER GERMANY KILLS GERMANS W HILE the Allied forces ;irc engaged in killing Germans in legitimate warfare and are capturing Germans by the thousands and generals by the dozen, Germany itself, according to the Berlin radio, is also killing off .Germans. The German radio, with a kind of perverse pride, announces periodically that Ihc Heicli has liquidated another batch of erstwhile leaders. Latest among these are Dr. Karl Friederich Goerdeler, former Leipzig mayor, now under death sentence; Count Wolf Hendrick Von Helldorf. former Berlin police chief, and other prominent men. Goerdeler is held to be the ringleader of the abortive plot of July 20 to lake Hitler's life, but this may or may not be so -that plot has been convenient to Nazi leaders as an excuse in the liquidation of men having the effrontery to differ with the number one Nazi. y; These men now being killed had planned, if they succeeded in their revolt, to capitulate to the Allies and end the war. It is unfortunate, indeed, that their revolt against Hitler did not succeed, for had there been a capitulation to the Allies, thousands of lives would have been saved. It seems now that the war is definitely decided, yet Germany will orobably make a H KNHY J. KAISEH, a shipbuilder who has been extraordinarily successful in fabricating vessels for this war's transportation, has purchased the patents on a new type of helicopter invented by a 19-year-old Berkeley boy, Stanley Miller. Development of this helicopter will be directed by young Miller, who was about to be inducted into the service, but whose induction has been deferred at the request of the navy, and quite sensibly so, for it might have been a great displacement of creative genius to have had the young man swabbing decks instead of perfecting a remarkable type of helicopter. The army is not interested in Miller's helicopter as it is already engaging in experiments with counter-rotors. Miller's helicopter "works," as San Francisco has seen, but it will probably require many refinements in developments until the navy is ready to use it, or a similar type, for rescue work at sea. The helicopter type of craft should be invaluable for such naval assignments. AIR CORPS MISSION • I T HAS been revealed by the British that bomber pilots of the U. S. Eighth Air Force, and this probably includes some Kern county men, engaged successfully in delivering weapons, thousands of them, to the Maquis, the French Forces of the Interior. These bomber squadrons have flown thousands of miles since D-Day, often in bad weather, to secret, prearranged rendezvous to deliver weapons manufactured in America and Great Britain. In pictures showing the French Maquis skirmishing as the Germans have evacuated their cities, some of the civilians have been pictured with the British Sten gun, a cheap submachine pistol distributed by the thousands over France to be„ used during the liberation. These little submachinegims, called the "garage makers delight" in England because they were so cheap and easy to construct, helped in the liberation of France. RANDOM NOTES From a small, nine-hole golf course equipped with sand greens and owned at one time bv the Tcvis family as a part of their 1 •> estate, the beautiful Slockdale golf course is now the exclusive property of the club itself, an incorporation which burned last week the mortgage which had been retired by good business management and the support of the club's membership. Now the country club possesses a beautiful home, an 18-hole golf course, one of the finest in central California, a fine irrigation system, excellent greens and fairways, a wealth of botanical vegetation, including hundreds of rare trees and shrubs and, most important of all, an active and successful membership. Members plan after the war to build a swimming pool to supplant the small one now owned by the club. In maintaining Stockdale, the club members and their officers have supported one of the most beautiful settings in the valley and they arc to be congratulated on the success of their good taste and energy. That Germany can and must hold the Siegfried Line and the Polish front against further United Nations thrusts for at least three months That within this period the United Nations may split over postwar planning and Nazi use of new weapons may permit an offensive. That even if previous possibilities failed to materialize, three months will enable the Greater Reich to strengthen itself internally and prepare for defense of Germany and to outlast .the patience and exhaust the striking power of the United Nations and permit the hope of a negotiated peace. Another seed of Goebbels' propaganda has found fertile ground in the German mind—the idea that the Atlantic wall was breached and all France lost only because of the "treachery" of military leaders, as shown July 20 in the plot against Hitler. So far the German army seems to have lost little prestige in the eyes of the German people. The idea that the German high command now is leading both the western powers an<J the United Nations into positions that Germans desire for the decisive battle of this war may have been a figment of Goebbels' Imagination, but it is now a widespread conviction among Germans. They seem to believe the Luftwaffe is now in somewhat the same position as the R.A.F. in 1940. that Goering still has enough planes to defend the Reich itself, enough to destroy the Allied invading air force as the R.A.F. destroyed the German and Denmark. Outside were the invaders. They believe the Russians Balkans, Hungary, most of Ppland, have exhausted their striking power all Finland, Norway, France, Bel- '•• for the present, due to distances glum and Italy. I from bases and sources of supply. vv <a sin 11 git on. Co In IB. o. -<B> PETER EDSON)- llere on the home front, this is the stago of the war when you can begin to laugh at a lot of somewhat needless frenzy that people worked themselves into, worrying about crises that never quite developed. You can appreciate this now as you read about the new presidential directive which abolishes the office of rubber director. In its place will be a rubber bureau in WI'B, with all the production and research handed back to Secretary of Commerce Jesse Jones' Rubber Reserve Company. Remember all the excitement about this rubber director job two years ago? It was September 10, 1IM2, when the famous Baruch report came out, predicting a national military and civilian collapse unless certain corrective measures were taken at once. Thereupon William F, "Big Bill" Jeffers was named rubber director and the air began to turn blue. Big Bill quarreled with everyone— army, navy, Congress, OWI's Elmer Davis, Undersecretary of War Robert Patterson. Jeffers resigned after a year, saying his job was done. He turned it over to Colonel Bradley Dewey, who in less than a year recommended that his office be abolished. By way of a checkup, here are a number of the recommendations of the Baruch commitee, the actions of government agencies in carrying out these recommendations, and what actually happened: 1. The Baruch report called for no speeds over 35 miles an hour. This has been maintained for passenger cars, but has been relaxed for trucks carrying priority cargoes. 2. Recommended national restrictions on mileage and gas rationing were imposed on a f>000 miles per car, per year basis. They were further cut in the east, because of a gasoline shortage. 3. Compulsory periodic tire inspection was instituted, but was abandoned in 1944 because it was found unnecessary and a nuisance. 4. Recommended release of more rubber to civilians for tires and recapping, to maintain essential civilian driving, has been possible to a degree, but the tire bottleneck is a shortage of manpower. These variances between program recommendations and their execution do not mean that the Baruch report was wrong in principle. The "geared to rubber" national economy has been able to keep rolling because of tire and gas conservation—and because synthetic rubber was better and its production further along than the Baruch report could foresee. G. The Baruch report recommended expansion of the production of thio- kol tu (iO.OOO tons a year, for use in retreads. This entire program has been dropped—after making 7f>0 tons in 194.'!—because the stuff was not needed. 0. As recommended, a mission was sent to Moscow to learn how the Russians made synthetic rubber, but it learned little not already known. 7. Production of an additional 100,000 tons of butadiene a year was recommended, and the rubber director authorized 1U additional refinery conversion projects with a total capacity of 140,000 tons a year. Later, he canceled eight of them with a capacity of 105,000 tons, because they were not needed. 8. Construction of facilities to produce an additional 140,000 tons of buna-S rubber was recommended. This was not carried out because plants previously authorized were found able to produce at over 120 per cent capacity. 9. Making of 30,000 additional tons of buna-S from grain was recommended, but never ordered by the rubber director. 10. Increase of neoprene production capacity by 20,000 tons a year was recommended. The rubber director ordered this in November, 1942, canceled in February, 1943, reordered it April, 3944. In short, says the rubber reserve report: "The present synthetic rubber program is basically the same as that which had already been put into effect prior to the date the rubber survey committee was appointed, the only changes being the addition of the four remaining refinery conversion projects, reduction of butyl rubber productive capacity, the increase in neoprene capacity." Tlie Readers' Viewpoint OX CHANGING I1OKSUS Editor The California!!: Many Bakerst'leld people are agreed that the Roosevelt party (not the old-time Democratic party under | whose name they masquerade, but j the Roosevelt party) has made a miserable mess of OPA, kept ration points up while warehouses overflowed, deliberately spoiled acres of sacked and washed potatoes, burned oranges, plowed under cotton, killed baby piss, expanded bureaucracy and red-tape employment during the manpower shortage, hamstrung those bureaus by withholding authority, developed a terrific strlkcs- In-wurtime record, tried to pack the Supreme Court, become bossed by Sidney Hillman's P. A. C., etc.—etc. Strangely enough, .some of these people accept the New Deal philosophy that to change the so-called "commander-in-chief" would be risky at this time. Why, in the name of common sense, should our West Point truined generals and Annapolis trained a.d- mlrals need the civilian bossing of one man who has made a mess of ovory civilian mutter of government in the past 12 years? (See partial list above). Isn't it more logical to suppose Hint, were war-time hush-hush torn aside, we would find an equally as bad record nf commandpr-tii-chiefiug as we have had In civilian government? 1 wonder wlnit Klmincl and Short so desperately want to tell us about Pearl Harbor? Very truly yours. COLD LOGIC. GOOD ANNOUNCING Editor The Californian: I am a baseball rooter and I have enjoyed some very good games this summer, thanks to the Seattle Rain- iers as they started it off with their spring training here. Mr. Williamson and Mr. Pnrcher' have done a wonderful job of keeping it going all summer. Outside of Fred Haney, the baseball announcer for Holywood and Los Angeles clubs, Mr. Parcher Is the best announcer on the coast. He puts It over In a nice easy way. So here's hoping we have plenty more baseball and that the Seattle club traina here next spring. 1 haven't missed a game. JOE FAN, SAVING FAI'EK Editor The Californian: .May I submit this letter for the Readers' Viewpoint? We are told by responsible government authorities that there Is a critical shortage of paper throughout the nation, and also that -paper should be considered as an important weapon of war. All supplies, including arms and ammunition, for our armed forces overseas, must be carefully wrapped in paper or paper cartons, for protection and preservation. Paper Is also used extensively for other military purposes, and it is even pressed into construction board, to be used for temporary shelters, office quarters, and other uses. It has been repeatedly stated that the paper mills of the country are not able to produce a sufficient quantity of paper to meet both military and civilian needs. Paper, for civilian use, should be drastically curtailed, so that there will be an ample supply for the use of the armed forces. As an effective way of conserving paper. I should like to suggest H plan by which everyone can help in the war effort. Every housekeeper may make, or buy, a roomy shopping bag, made of denim, ticking, drapery material, or other strong cloth, and carry it when shopping for household supplies. It will be found that this practice will save countless paper bags, us most Items can be placed directly In the shopping bag. Donald M. Nelson, OPA Price Administrator, suggests to shoppers: 1. Put several Items in one big bag. L'. Bring your own bag if possible. :). Carry packaged items unwrapped. If one woman with a shopping bag would save only ONE paper bag a day, a million women could save a MILLION paper bags! INTERESTED READER. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY^ For / the Lord thy God will hold, tby right hand, saying unto thee. Fear not; 1 will help thee. — Isaiah .j/:/.?. • • » To the man who himself strives earnestly, God also lends a helping hand.—Aeschylus. J From the Files of TKe Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1934) An election Friday will determine the fate of the new high school auditorium bond issue for $230,000. Will Rogers, writing The Californian from Vienna, says that he is in the city which is Europe's hot box. He adds that if war starts it probably will be from there. The Reverend C. S. Reynolds, who has Just returned from the Orient, will discuss Japan and Korea at a meeting of Ladies Aid Society at the First Methodist Church, tomorrow. Announcement of engagement of Miss Eva Bannister to Charles A. Mathews was highlight of a party at the home of Mrs. Harold Filkel last night. Members of Kern county farm debt adjustment committee elected F. W. Brewster as chairman today. Portuguese Meadows has been selected as site for Kern Y.M.C.A. camp. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Caliini-niaii. this date, l!>-4) Business and Professional Women's Club will entertain 200 club- women from all parts of the state at a convention opening October 11. The club last night endorsed the candidacy of Clara Morgan for reelection as state treasurer. Fatherhood was called the greatest profession by Adam Puffer, Massachusetts educator, in a talk before Rotarians today. English politicians predict comeback for former Premier Lloyd George. They say he has the panacea for all the nation's ills. Calvin, a big desert turtle, has become a popular pet at City Hall Park. His origin is uncertain, his biography beginning when he walked into police headquarters and "sat down" by the desk of Sergeant Bill Harris. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dale. 19H) Miss Sarah E. Bedinger, librarian at Beale Library, left today for a few weeks' vacation in Hollywood. Harmonia Club met yesterday at the home of Mrs. Charlotte Condict to outline the year's program, as follows: Study of formation of orchestra and history of instruments, Italian opera, French opera and modern opera. The committee is composed of Jlesdames J. D. Wendell, T. L. Cummins, F. E. Manuel! and Chris Helbling. Stores will close Saturday for the circus. Upon resignation of E. M. Roberts on his seventy-second birthday anniversary, C. A. Barlow was elected president of the Democratic county central committee. Secretary of State Bryan, speaking in Baltimore today, predicted the end of militarism and a new era of freedom. Arthur Ryder, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. O. Ryder, is rated an excellent pianist although only 13 years of age. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1U04) High school opened today with a registration of 171 pupils, a number expected to reach 200 soon. Born to Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Brandt a son, September 11. W. G. Lutz, druggist, has moved into Willow building. Condition of Francis Borgwardt, who was injured while fighting fire last week, is causing friends and relatives apprehension. On Sunday he was taken to Tehachapl where it is hoped the climate will be beneficial. Writing from Oyster Bay today to the Honorable J. G. Cannon, President Roosevelt sends a letter of acceptance of the nomination and discusses tariff, army, national expenses and Panama Canal. Mr. and Mrs. T. A. Mclntosh announce the birth of a daughter, September 10. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this da IP. 1894) Teachers of Panama School opened classes Monday. Mrs. Carrie D. Ryan is one of the teachers and Miss Josephine Galloway the other. T. A. Baker is in Delano today. The Populist paper will be printed at the Gazette office, the Delano Courier scheme having fallen through. • C. Bean is neatly decorating a suite of rooms in the Bitmap block to be occupied by E. Elliott and family. Editorial comment: Is there any other town in the United States except this where a morphine fiend may be seen taking a "shot" in broad daylight on the public streets? George E. Brown is a candidate for county assessor. The public school will open Monday with J.-W. Evans as principal. SO THEY SAY Transportation people are prepared to embark upon this new medium— the helicopter—and live with it through the experimental phases, such as the air transportation interests did through the twenties and thirties.—Agnew E. Larsen, president of Rota Wings, Inc. A large number of (Japanese) school children and college students now are discharging their duties with high fervor in munitions factories, amid the din of machinery.— Tokyo radio. The German is wobbling on his last legs, with Allied forces In France and Russia closing in on him and we are ready again to bloody his nose here.—Lieutenant-General Mark W. Clark, in Italy. The glory of this country is that laws permit people to speak the truth and there is always someone brave enough to speak it.—Captain Mildred H. McAfee, director of the WAVES. On every side Germany weakens. Now is the time for us to muster all our strength and unity for the final blows.—Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson. PEN SHAFTS Ohio politicians who insist soldier ballpts must be marked in black pencil may be afraid some-of the boys will blue-pencil their names. We wish that the mercury were like all the rest of us-^lacked ambition to even move. •Political campaigns are educational —we learn that all liars are not golfers and fishermen. Barbers know lots of people. They're pretty good at scraping acquaintances. Junior has troubles, too, what with geography changing as rapidly as women's fashions. Never ask a judge to give you a little of his time. .in A tfcke News -(By PAUL MALLON>WASHINGTON, Sept. 12.—The censorious air of the Dumbarton Oaks peace conference is filled with light tales of efforts to be charming to the Russians. In the matter of seating for pictures, for instance, it was arranged so the Russian delegates would be on the right hand of the Americans. For many generations past, the British always have sat here or at the head of European peace conference tables. Protocol practitioners of our state department sank into a dither when one newspaper caption on the picture erroneously identified British as occupying positions of the Russians. Indeed, one business analyst- reporter here was officially advised that his comments on the meeting were "not helpful to American- Soviet relations," as if the official attitude should control the press accounts. Some may .think at little realism might help relations a lot more, or make them for solid for the long run. Investigation • indicates the extreme deference to Russia, however, is not necessarily being carried to the extent of accepting entirely her wishes in the peace. The Moscow idea of an international air force, for one instance, appears to have been rejected. The attitude seems due rather to a prevailing diplomatic impression that the Russians are sensitive and easily offended, which should put them in a good bargaining position. 1 wish all the people with whom I do business would consider me sensitive. Behind it also is the unannounced conviction high in Washington and London that there will be war with Russia within 15 years unless a mutually acceptable postwar peace understanding is reached now. The British are especially afraid of Russia. They see her not only silting at their usual place at this conference but in the Balkans as well, and indeed likely to sit there over all Europe. For instance, there were four underground movements, all separate, but the strongest of these was the Russian. In the temporary De Gaulle cabinet, Ihese elements are acquiring posts of power. The Balkan nations, formerly guided by British financial and political policy, are at least unsettled, and the same problem in Italy has reached the point of a clash, despite our efforts to postpone meeting the issue as long as possible. This is an unavoidable, apparent and dominant matter of the peace and to try to hold the public head in the sand will not solve the situation. The truth is Russia is establishing a new place for herself in the postwar world, that any concrete agreement for postwar stabilization means stabilization protecting her new position as -ell as our own. Formerly she was a revolutionary minority in the world, and therefore naturally antagonistic to the world status, but now she lias acquired a status of great power and therefore needs a conservative world order. The Russians seem to me to be ultra- realists. On the other hand, It is equally true that much of our peace proposal talk is following obsolete 1 thought guided by past history instead of coming history. We think mainly of putting the screws upon Germany and Japan so they never, can rise again, but they can easily be put down to minor military powers, and kept there as long as the world is alert. The major military forces existing after this war will be divided between the United States and Russia, and the mutual relations between these two alone is apt to have more to do with the future peace of the world than whatever we do to Germany and Japan, or even what formula is adopted for an international organization. p But th'is is not'rthe only Invisible electricity in the air at Dumbarton Oaks. South Dakota's Senator Bush, field was right In his contention in the Senate that the American se- ~ curlty plan would give the President the power to declare war. While the administration does not wish to admit this now, fearing the point may become involved in the campaign, it does not intend to change that recommendation. By unanimous vote of the Big Four nations on the proposed executive council (United States, Britain, Russia and China) military action could be taken (whether three may act if one objects is not yet clear.) • Thus the President, who naturally would dominate the American coun. cllor, could send troops anywhere in the world without consent of Con-, gress. The true administration position on this is hardly along the line Sen. ator Connally offered to Bushfield. It truly feels speed is essential to throttle military aggression, that the President should not be required to wait for Congress. In fact many presidents have acted similarly for generations past, sending marines to China, Tripoli, Nicaragua and elsewhere on war missions, without a declaration of war or approval by Congress. This forecasts trouble in the Senate. The Dewey-Hull exchanges, how. ever, represent a genuine field of fundamental agreement. The state secretary is an authentic -Democrat, strong for such handling of small nations, and in this may be closer to the Dewey-Dulles ideas than other officials in the administration. But such a continuity of the British political situation. Churchill's government will last out the war, but not much longer. A stronger laborite government is expected and the highest talk (New Deal circles) is speculating against Eden, the heir apparent, and In anticipation of Sir John Anderson, chancellor of the exchequer since 1942. (World copyrlnht. 1944. by Klnn miuren Rvn- <l'r»le. Inu. All rluhts reserved. Reproduction In full or in part Urictlv prohibited.) Jnl o dl O o 1 0 m n (B.v EHSKINE JOHNSON)Behind the screen: There's a very disconsolate press agent in Hollywood. All because a couple of goldfish had twins. A few months ago, Producer Sol Lesser started filming a comedy of a careless stork titled, "Three Is a Family." The theme was infectious. Hattie McDaniel was cast in the picture and immediately announced she will become a mother this fall for the first time. Arthur Lake started to work in the picture and discovered he will become a father this winter for the second time. As filming continued, Harry and Phoebe Ephron, writers of the original play, had a baby girl. Then Cindy, the studio cat, gave birth to three kittens. And the other morning, the press agent walked on the set and discovered that two pet goldfish overnight became papa and mama of twins, he said. "After all that's happened," moaned the press agent, "who's going to believe me?" He is a very unhappy fellow. Even we don't believe him. Sam Goldwyn, who is no dummy, is now putting out two Danny Kayes for the price of one. The comedian is playing dual roles in "The Wonder Man," divided into monozygotic twins by a scenarist's typewriter. One twin is a brash, gaudy night club entertainer with a line of P-38 chatter and a disregard of conventions. The. other twin is a sad sack, a. semi-somnambulist bookworm with a Caspar Milquetoast facade. That's Danny, too. who is now worrying about stealing scenes from himself. Colonel Robert Lee Scott, the much-decorated veteran of the Flying Tigers and author of the book "God Is My Co-Pilot," was a visitor on the set of "Hollywood Canteen." Sitting offstage was a be-medaled and campaign-badgcd general. Colonel Scott went over and introduced himself as Colonel Scott of the Flying Tigers and then said, "Whom have I the honor of addressing, sir?" "I am General Jones of Central Casting," replied the tired old extra. Suey Welch is a former fight** manager, who once handled such expert ring masters as "Gorilla" Jones. He's in the theater business now, but occasionally he shakes his head sadly as he considers a champion that might have been. It was back in Akron, Ohio, where Suey had a stable of boxers. A young newsboy who used to work out in a local gym impressed him with his fast left hand and fine footwork. The kid won the amateur flyweight championship of Ohio, then turned pro and Suey handled him. "He won a few fights, saved his money and quit," Suey said. "All the kid wanted was an education so he goes to Ohio State. He could have been a champ, but he lacked ambition." The "kid" who lacked ambition was Lester Cowan, youthful screen producer of "The Commandos Strike at Dawn." "Tomorrow the World" and "G. I. Joe." Joel McCrea plays the father of a 6-year-old son in the film "Hold Autumn in Your Hand." His wife, Franoes Dee, is co-starred. He says it brings back memories of the days when Shirley Temple was the queen of Hollywood. "Winfield Sheehan, then the head of Fox, called me in one day," Joel said. "He told me he wanted me to play Shirley Temple's father In a picture. I said that was swell. •Wait a minute,' said Sheehan. 'I said I wantel you to play it. I didn't say you would get the part. That's up to Shirley. She selects her own fathers.' "I had visions," Joel said, "of lining up with about 50 other guya while little Shirley looked us over. But it was pretty painless after all. We got along fine and she told Air. Sheehan I would be acceptable as ' her father." (Copyright, 11144. NEA Service. lnc.> lesiions an< A nswers Q. What members of Congress were oarred from the United Nations conference at Hot Springs?— B. G. A. Congressmen Bradley and F. C. Smith were barred from the executive committee meeting at the United Nations postwar problems conference meeting at Hot Springs. Va., in May 1943. They were, however, admitted to conference. Q. Is the -lumber of nurses and mules on farms in the United States increasing?—A. B. 1. A. The number of horses and mules on farms in the United States declined about four per cent during 1943. The production of foals has been considerably less than deaths for several years. Q. What is the origin of Anzac?— R. H. D. A. Anzac is formed from the first letters of Australian New Zealand Army Corps. The name came into use during World War I. The use of the word with any trade, business, calling or profession without governmental sanction was prohibited by statute in 1916. Q. Please give the number of prisoners in the United States from each Axis country.—R. 1. K. A. According to the latest published figures, there are 347 Japa- neses, 50,136 Italians, and 133,135 Germans. Q. What is the oldest flag in the . world?—B. I. H. A. The flag of Denmark is the oldest unaltered national flag in the world. The origin of the sliver cross of the flag Is said to date from 1219, when King Waldemar, at a critical moment in his career, averred that he had seen this cross in the heavens. Q. At what national political convention was Onward, Christian Soldiers, sung?—F. C. A. A. After the nomination of Theodore Roosevelt by the Progressive Party in 1912, the delegates marched about the hall singing Onward, Christian Soldiers and the Doxology. Q. Does tunllght affect the vitamin content of milk?—D. F. B. A. Sunlight on a milk bottle can In one hour steal 40 per cent of the vitamin B2 in milk, according to re- " cent studies. In three' hours' exposure to sunlight, 72 per cent of the vitamin B2 would be lost. Q. Are women used to man antl- 1 ' aircraft guns in Great Britain?—~-» D. W. P. A. Over 40 per cent of the antiaircraft command in Britain are women. A r««rtei cur «n the «n»Wfr in in> qntMlon of del by writ Inn Tbr H kenfltld I'llcfomlun iulormilton Buifiu DIG Kit BUM). N. E.. Wublniittn. *• O. C. Plmtr wrloM thrw (S) c«nij> fur »*i:l>.

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