The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 12, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, September 12, 1944
Page 1
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YANKS IGH! * New Stab on Palau Base by Navy Spurs Pacific Smash THE WEATHER HiKh yesterday ................. . l.o w today ............................. - Kninfull He««on f Airport * ... .............. «..» Year HBO (Alrporl) ........ .......... „ Seas in Ujaml Company).... year HSO (Lam) OmipHnyl Forerun t Mil*! tt>mpt*rntiirp willi light fn air will ronttnuc today, ton and \VcUnc8day. ight Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1944 14 PAGES No. 37 F.R.,ChurchillMap Plans for Jap Blow Sea, Air Assault Continues r United Forces Drive on Islands in First Concerted Offensive PACIFIC FLEET HEAD-! QUARTERS, PEARL 1IAR-! 13OR, Sept. 12. OJ.E)—Ameri-1 can battleships and cruisers, j joining aircraft carriers in a j double-barreled attack upon Palau, shelled the Japanese island base in the western Carolines Monday, Pacific j fleet headquarters announced today. Admiral William F. Hnlsey'* j roaming Third Fleet, fresh from its j crushing attack against Japanese ships and installations In the 1'hil- jppine!!, assaulted 1'iilau with its carrier planes again Hunday and Holiday while the hattlewagons and cruisers stood offshore Monday and liurled salvoes of explosives against the Islands. . Hellcats, Helldivers and Avengers, In two days of intense operations against the island group only E>9"> miles east of Duvao, dropped 120 tons of bombs on enemy buildings, gun positions and coastal defenses at Kabelthuap, Peleliu and Angaur Islands. A small cargo vessel near Palau vas added to the toll of 89 .Japanese chips destroyed or damaged by carrier aircraft of Admiral Halsey's fleet off Mindanao, Friday. The ship was sung Sunday. Air attacks against Palau began last Tuesday and Wednesday and Were resumed Saturday after the carriers had struck at the southern Philippines. The navy disclosed Seventh Army Air Force Liberators dropped 72 tons of bombs on Truk Sunday in one of the heaviest raids in week against the battered atoll. Flying through meager anti-aircraft fire, the B-24s destroyed one interceptor and damaged five or six others in the air. Three Liberators were damaged slightly. Bomb Airfield A single plane bombed the airfield nt Iwo island in the Volcanos. while Marianas-based planes raided Pagan, launching rockets against buildings and gun emplacements. Jalius. Maloela and Mille atolls in the Marshalls were attacked again by Corsairs and Dauntless. (Tokyo radio said the widespread raids against the Philippines extended through Sunday and Monday. Carrier and land-based planes destroyed 68 aircraft there in a series «>f attacks which wiped out a Japanese convoy.) Welded into one potent weapon by Admiral Chester W. Nimity. and General Douglas Mac-Arthur in them Continued on Page Two Lewis Calls for Defeat of Roosevelt CINCINNATI. Sept. 12. (UP.)— United Mine worker President John L. Lewis, charging that President Roosevelt once had "publicly kicked every miner in the face," today called for the President's defeat in the November elections. Speaking before delegates at the opening of the V, M. W.'s 10-day biennial convention. Lewis said that If the miners vote for President Roosevelt in November they will receive "the same kind of treatment" In their contract negotiations as they received In 1943 and 1!)44. Lewis traced last year's contract negotiations with mine operators and the work stoppage throughout the nation's coal fields. •He said that President Roosevelt "publicly had kicked ever miner In the face by asking us to call off the strike over the radio after that afternoon the policy committee had called off the stoppage." "How did you like that?" he shouted to the 2700 delegates. ' "Well, vote him into office next November and I think that you will have some more of It in April," Lewis added. The present contract between the miners and operators expires 1, 1»45. DIRECTS SMASH—Admiral Chester W. Nimitz directs the double- barreled battering on the Philippines daministered by the army and navy forces in one of the largest actions .in the Pacific to date. G.O. P. SWEEPS MAINE ELECTION REPUBLICANS ELECT GOVERNOR, CONGRESSMEN PORTLAND, Maine, Sept. 12. (UP.) A Republican landslide in the Maine "barometer" elections returned three G. O. P. congressmen to office and elected state Senate President Horace A. Hildreth governor, virtually complete unofficial returns showed today. It was the largest margin of victory ever scored by the G. O. P. in the traditionally Republican state, Marion Martin, of Bangor, assistant national Republican Chairman, said. The Republican gubernatorial candidate received approximately 75 per cent of the votes cast. The voting proved a blow to the C. I. O. politician action committee, which had campaigned actively for the election of two Democratic candidates for Congress. Returned to office were Representatives Robert Hale of Portland, in the First district; Margaret C. Smith of Skowhegan, in the Second district, and Frank Fellows of Bangor. in the Third district, Hale's margin was a little better than 2 to 1. The others won by margins of approximately 3 to 1. The Maine election has been called a national barometer for the November presidential elections—"as Maine g<jes, so goes the nation" has been the saying—despite the 1940 balloting which saw the Republicans win overwhelmingly in M,aine in September only to lose the presidential race in November. Complete unofficial returns from the state's C2ti precincts gave for governor: Horace A. Hildreth (R), 131,989; Paul J. Jullien (D), 51,107. Complete unofficial returns for congressional ocntests gave: First district—United Stales Representative Robert Hale (R). 47,580; Andrew H. Pettis (D). 21,6.14. Second district—United States Representative Margaret Chase Smith (R). 45,101; David H. Staples (D), 20,321. Conllnuecl on Page Two New High Chiefs Slated Direct Assault on Nip Homeland Aim of Quebec Conference QUEBEC, Sept. 12. UIE)— President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill held their first formal business session today on new plans for the final destruction of the Axis. The President and the prime minister met in their quarters in the old Citadel overlooking the St. Lawrence river this morning, and prepared for n larger conference with the Anglo- American combined chiefs of staffs this afternoon. • The basic subject of the conferences was the Pacific war. Plans are expected to be made for n direct assault on the Japanese homeland, and a unified command to direct it. White House Secretary Stephen T. Early, under questioning, said that although the conferences were pointed primarily at the Pacific, he did not know whether Chinese representation here had been sought. He added, however, that the Chinese government would be kept informed up to the minute on the proceedings here. The President, the prime minister, Canadian Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King and their parties had dinner last night with the Canadian governor-general, the Earl of Athlone. Afterward Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill went to their individual quarters in the Citadel and retired early after examining the latest dispatches from the active war theaters. Today in a face-to-faoe session they worked out a general plan for the discussions with their military, naval and air experts. The Canadian prime minister talked with the President and Churchill when the opportunities presented themselves, discussing what Canadian officials described as military strategy in the Pacific and conduct of the war in geneval where it involves Canadian personnel. Politics "Out" Early, in a press conference at the Chateau Frontenac. discounted an inquiry about "broader political aspects" of the conference, saying that "political" was a word he did not understand und re-emphasizing that the purpose of the meeting here was "primarily military " Asked whether the state department or the British foreign office planned to send representatives to Quebec, Early said he knew of no such plans, but there might be late! arrivals from the state department. "1 just huvtn't heard anything abou' that," he said. The new unified command for the Japanese to be headed by an American, raised many questions The proportions of American and Continued on PHRC Two ROOSEVELT. CHURCHILL MEET IN CANADA—Smiling broadly, President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill meet again in Quebec, both pleased over progress of the war and ready to start drafting new plans for final and complete victory over Germany and Japan. "Victory is everywhere," Churchill to the President as they met for their tenth wartime conference. Eisenhower in Warning to Ruhr Residents to Flee Deeper Stabs Into Reich Reported by Front Line Units; Aachen, Saarbrucken Lashed by Pilots of Havocs, Marauders SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE. 1". (JP> —General Eisenhower told the peoples ot the Ruhr and Rhlneliuiil today thin ureas in which they live soon will become theaters of war und that in order to prevent needless civilian casualties, they should leave immediately. Dewey Hails Maine Election as Republican Victory Sign McKELVIE RANCH NEAR VALENTINE, Neb., Sept. 12. (JP>— Governor Thomas E. Dewey forecast today the election of a Republican Congress in November on the basis of a sweeping G. O. P. victory in the Maine state election which he said "demonstrated the rising confidence in the leadership of the Republican party." In a news conference held on the grassy green lawn of the Sam Me- Kelvie ranch, the Republican presidential nominee reviewed the results of the Maine election and asserted he had "sound evidence everywhere as I cross the country" that there Is a rising tide of Republicanism. Here for what some have called a "cockleburr conference" .with lead- erfe of the cow country, the New York governor told about 80 newsmen that the RepubTK&ns have polled approximately 70.5 per cent of the vote In Maine, and that in Bath "where Hillman'H committee was supposed to turn every town over to the Democrats" the Republican margin was as large as that elsewhere in the state. . He alluded to Chairman Sidney Hillman of the C. I. O.-political action committee. "It's becoming clear," Dewey said, "these people have decided not only in the states but in the national government that the peace and prosperity of not only the United States but the world would be better served by the election of a new and competent administration and they propose to elect a Republican Congress to work with that new administration." "That will bring new and fresh harmony to the government which so long has needed it. That harmony is so essential to solving the problem that we face next January. Dewey plans a short rest during his stay at the ranch home. The Republican presidential nominee was greeted by a large share of the 2188 residents of Valentine when his train pulled in at 10 a. m. (M. W. T.), after a run from Des Moines. The crowd which gathered around the train and cheered Dewey and . Dewey when they alighted, In- Conlimied on Page Four Grand Jury Hears Story of Brawl HOLLYWOOD, Sept. 12. (UP)— Eddie Norvlp, first -witness called by a. grand jury investigating the battle of Tommy Dorsey's balcony, today said the genial gentleman of swing dragged him down a flight of stairs by one leg. "My head was banging on every step," Norris said. By Norris' account, he suffered almost as much damage as Jon Hall, his co-actor in the post-party melee at the bandleader's apartment. "Jane Churchill told me." Norris said, "that Allen Smiley was kicking me in the face while I was unconscious and was still kicking me when she pulled him off." It was a return of a good deed for Miss Churchill, Kansas City singer. Norris had stopped between her and the beautiful Pat Dane just as they were about to reach the embarassing—even for Hollywood—point in their clothes ripping match. Miss Dane is Dorsey's wife in private life, and it is her figure which is supposed to have set off the biggest brawl here in years. Hall, tlie professional beach boy of the movies, says he patted Miss Hall on the shoulder when he returned to the apartment to pick up Miss Churchill's forgotten purse. Dorsey said Hall's definition of anatomy was somewhat loose. "I got mad." Dorsey said at the time, "and tried to beat linn up. But he was bea'"g the h— out of me." Hall emerged from the fray with the end of his nose whacked off. Continued on Pago Two Submarine Gudgeon Is Lost in Pacific WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. OJ.P.I — Loss of the 147»>-'on American submarine Gudgeon, presumably in Hie Pacific, was announced, today by the navy. It was the twenty-ninth American submarine lost since the beginning of the war, the. navy said. Skipper of the Gudgeon. Lieutenant-Commander Robert A. Bonln, of Milwaukee, Wis., is listed as miss- Ing In action together with the normal complacement of fi.'i crew members. The Gudgeon held a presidential unit citation for sinking 1'J Japanese ships, including one submarine, and damaging 3 more. She was 299 feet long and carrier one 8-inch anti-aircraft gun, two anti-aircraft machine- guns, and 10 21-Inch torpedo tubes. RED ME HITS LOMZHA IN MOVE TO ROLL INTOJAST PRUSSIA PATROLS ENTER EAST PRUSSIAN AREA ON RECCO MISSIONS AS YANKS CROSS OVER INTO NAZILAND MOSCOW. Sept. 12. (U.R> —Waves, tacked the fortress town of Lomxhii of Soviet tanks anil infantrymen at- today in a drive threatening to roll SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 12. (U.E)—The lirst phase of the battle of the Siegfried Line opened today when American troops outflanked its outpost of Trier in a drive more than 6 miles into Germany and captured the "mystery fort" Eben Emael on its northern approaches. United States Marauder and Havoc bombers heavily plastered a long stretch of the Siegfried j Line between Aachen and I Saarbrucken while American j First Army guns pumped ; shells into (iermany from newly won positions just west of | th,e frontier. i Far to the west, the great r'rcnch j port of La Havre was reported to j hav« surreiuleved ulmut noon to j British troops of the Canadian First i Army, giving the Allies control of j one of the most valuable gateways to } J'Yaneo. SEVENTH ARMY PUSHESJPD FIFTH ARMY ENTERS TOWN OF BARBERINO United Press Correspondent Henry into East Prussia, which already had*been invaded by vanguards of pow- ! T. Gorrell reported in a dispatch Harmony Is Feature at Dumbarton erfnl Russian forces mussed along the Litluiaiiiiin-I'rti.ssijin frontier to the northeast. Coincident with the disclosure of the American invasion of Germany from the west. Moscow's early morning communique revealed that patrols of the Third White Russian Army in Lithuania entered East Prussia before dawn Monday on a reconnaissance raid. They crossed the Szeszupe river about 40 miles southwest of Kaunas after nightfall and shot up a detachment of German border guards, killing Ifi. Military spokesmen revealed that similar raiding parties have been operating on Prussian soil since August 17 when General Ivan D. Cher- niakhovsky's Third White Russian Army reached the Szeszupp. The disclosure, coming as General Genrgi Zakharov's Second White Russian forces opened u full-scale offensive against Lomzha, 21 miles from the southern border of East Prussia, appeared to foreshadow a great two-way drive into Germany's easternmost province. Russian heavy artiller yopencd n furious bombardment of Lomzha as the ground troops closed in. and it was indfrated that the fall of the town, the last important stronghold below East Prussia, was imminent. There was no word on the progress of the fighting around Warsaw, 7. r > miles southwest of Lornzha, where the Germans claimed a Rus:- j siaii offensive against Praga, eastern ! suburb of the Polish capital, had been repulsed. Neither did the early communique confirm Berlin's report that German troops evacuated Krosno, X;> miles southeast of Krakow. (German broadcasts 'said Krosno was abandoned Sunday night before a strong Russian attack that poised a two-way threat either to Krakow, gateway to German Silesia, or the Carpathian mountain passes leading Into Czechoslovakia.) ' FLASHES FILES SLIT FOR DA.MAiiKS SAN BERNARDINO, Sept. 12. <UB—The Reverend Roy 13. Davis. Sr., Upland minister, today filed ijiilt for damages totaling more than $500,000 for "humiliation" he assertedly suffered during Investigation of his operation of tlie Ussher-Davls Foundation orphanage at Upland. CHARGES OPPOSITION WASHINGTON, Sept. 12 (UP.) — Senator Gerald P. Nye (R-N. D.) charged today that Joseph B. Keenann, former assistant attorney general, offered a disabled veteran of tl»e first world war $110,000 to run against him for. the Republican senatorial nomination this year. *he offer, Nye charged in a Senate speech, was made in the presence of another North Dakota senator whom he did not name. Hurricane Hearing Atlantic Coastline MIAMI, FUi., Sept. 12. (UP.) — The weather bureau today warned that a "great" hurricane apparently was headed for the south Atlantic coast, Hurricane warnings were indicated for the northern Bahamas, rind may be necessary foi the coast from Cape Hattcras. N. C . to Miami. An advisory Issued here urged all interests along the south Atlantic coast to be op the alert It was pointed out. however, that the storm may change Its direction. It was reported moving toward the coast at 12 to 10 miles per hour, and was last located 525 miles east of Miami. Reaches for His Beer, Plunges Four Stories LOS ANGELES. Sept 12. (UP.) — Harold Hammer, 28, reached for a beer today, lost his balance und plunged four stories to his deuih. PoKce said Hammer apparently had placed his beer on the fire escape to keep It cool and that In reaching for the bottle 'his foot slipped, causing him to plunge to the ground. WASIUN'GTOX, Sept. 12. UP>— With agreement on all major Issues of world security organization assured. Russian, British and American conferees at Dumbarton Oaks today drew near the conclu- tion of their exploratory talks. Tht- 'Anglo-American delegations prepaicd to start'similar negotiations with the Chinese. The Chinese phase of the talks will last about a week. The initial Russian phase had been scheduled originally to end last Saturday but delays due to tho need for frequent and long communications between the British and Russian groups and their home governments were officially blamed for prolonging- the meeting. The only point on which there .seem likely to be Indecisive results concerned the Russian proposals for creation of an international air corps. The Chinese are understood to bp ready to propose u fully international police force. This has po.sod a special problem for the American delegation, whose military members arc strongly opposed to tlie international force idea. It was indicated, therefore, that the plan to back the proposed world security organixation with military force would provide for forces organized along national lines, under :in international high command, but with the way left open for furl her consideration of the internatii.nal police force SUK- gestion, at least so fai as an air corps is concerned. from Germany that an American armored division was stabbing ever deeper Into the Reich after establishing itself on German soil in force in the first United States invasion of Germany in history. Supreme headquarters lacked further Information on the penetration of Germany, which was reported to have flanked the ancient city of Trier and won a springboard for a full-scale push toward the Rhineland. While the advanced First Army spearhead was probing the fortifications before the Siegfried Line, other elements of Lieutenant-GeneralCourt- ney H. Hodges' army to the north were fanning out from Liege. They seized a number of points almost on the German frontier, and smashed to within 1 mile of tlie Dutch border near the great fortress city of Maastricht. It was In the extreme east tip of Belgium below Maastricht that the Americans seized Fort Eben Emuel. There the Nazis unveiled their "blitzkrieg In the west" in 1940 and swamped the fort In a mysterious manner never fully explained. Barriers Crumbling With Eben Kmacl and its adjacent fortifications overrun, and with Maastricht set up for frontal assault, the barriers before the German frontier in the Aachen area were crumbling. The Xazis offered comparatively light resistance at Kben Kmael, which was held strongly by tlie Belgians In the first phase of the war but nevertheless toppled Immediately under the German onslaught, touching off rumors of "secret weapons" ! of dread potency. j .Marauders and Havc.cs uf the i l.'nited States Nl.itli Air Force I bombed concrete pillboxes, anti-tank ( Kloml( , e „„,,'„ rew mi le s west of , emplacement, and in.op shelters in | ,, the Siegfried Line and the transport lines immediately behind the fortl- 1 Vied bell in Hie Saarbrucken area. (apttire Kupen Army troops striking in the IlOMK. Sept. 12. AM*—.American. and French troops of the Allied Seventh Army fanned out rapidly as much as 22 miles beyond Dijon on a broad arc in the region where a junction had been made with the right wing of the United States Third Army to the north, headquat- ters reported tonight. The towns of Orville and Champ- litte. it! and 22 miles respectively northeast of Dijon, fell to the advancing Allies. The Germans put up little resistance, devoting their main effort to (he withdrawal back into the Belfort Gap. French forces continued their northern and northwestern advance beyond Dijon. They occupied St. Seine 1'Abbay, Yalsuzonwn and Cor- tivron without resistance. The Americans advanced north of the Saono river at many points between Gray and Vesoul. Forward elements reached Port sur Saone, 7 miles northwest, of Vesoul. t'nited States Fifth Army troops drove through the outer positions of the Germans' Gothic Line today and entered the town of Barberino, northernmost point reached by the Allies in Italy and only 34 airline miles from Bologna, key city to the great Po valley. In addition to reaching Barberino. !"> miles north of Florence, a number of Fifth Army units pushed well beyond the upper Sieve river. Some of the American troops drove 3 miles north of the river, reaching the vicinity of Scarperla, 5 1 ... miles southeast of Barberino. Other Americans further West, now firmly established across the Serchio river 3 miles north of captured Lucca, continued to drive northward towards the Ljgurian seu anchor of the Gothic Line, .Most of the high ground of the Monte Dcila Calvana pass north of Florence has been taken, with Allied troops reaching the Poggio Monte. Cuccoli peak. 10 miles north First direction of t'ologne and ("oblenz cap- lured Kupen, in the Liege area 6 Com iiiui'it un I'a^ 1 T^ " Woman Dies in Explosion as State Forest Fires Spread | Barberlno. ' In the Adriatic .sector. Eighth 1 Army patrols again ensafted the Ger- : man defenses at San Lorenzo, last '• village before the Marunn river on ! the road running southwest of Cori- I aim. The British troops wore firmly I established today west of GPinmami. ', and in bitter fighting sained :i t'oot- | hold on a high feature known as Point 449. which overlooks much of , the contested Gommano. SACRAMENTO, Sept. 12. (/W — Several score forest and grazing land fires raged in northern California roastla ranges and Sierra Nevada foothills today in the fourth day of serious blazes that resulted in the death of a woman and blackened forestry crews. Another fire was reported from Ml Dorado county near Indian Diggins-. Mendocinu county fire crews fought l"> or 20 continuing timber and brush fires. A new tire broki- out yesterday and roared over 1500 acres of brush more than Su.lioo acres of forest and ' ami grass in Merced county's west- brush land. Hundreds of state forestry crews, armed servicemen and slate prisoners battled the fires which ravaged tree and grass areas from the California-Oregon border to Fresno county in the San JoiKiuin valley. The two most serious fires covered 40.000 acres ut the San Henlto-Mon- terey county line and north of Con- linga in Fresno county. Mrs. Laura Belle Bagley, 40, Sacramento, died In an automobile gasoline tank explosion as she and her husband. Harry P. Bagley. attempted ! to flee the path of a forest fire on the Yubu-Butte county line Saturday. Tlif exploding lank of their car started another fire. In nearby Nevada county a fire of .several thousand acres along Wolf creek burned uncontrolled as soldiers from Camp Beale at AJurysvllle aided em mountain land. ( H.AKKTTK 151. \\IKI) FOR SAN UIKliO I IKi; SAX DIKGO, Sept. 12. (#>)—A lighted cigarette carelessly tossed into tinder dry leaves was blamed today by I'nlted States foresters fur the (i2,ooo-aere Laguna Junction fire that raged from August 2(i to September 4. Hunt Ferris, forest service investigator, said Walter P. Hagemun, then a county road tamp prisoner, hud admitted tossing the cigarette, and had pleaded guilty to the charge before Justice William .1. Collard in suburban El Cajon. Hageman WIIH fined *12.'i. . Ferris said cost of fighting the blaze was estimated at $2(i.U(!U. The blaze was the largest In the county's history. Index to Advertisers Page Al/i am.-. Dr. R. F 9 Arvin Theater '•' AuMin Studio •"> Booth's * Brock's ;:, Hi Christian Science Lecture '•> Citizen* Laundry IS Clawson. L. H . Co 4 Coffee. Harry '-'. 9 i 'ulliti>n. John \V. 1 o Dr. Dayman's Small Animal Hospital '' Kastern <J Firestone Stores 10 Flickinger-Digier 13 Fox Theaters H Frank Meat Company 6 4 Granada Theater 13 Ivers Furniture IS K. C'. Labor Council. 8 KKRX S KP.MC S .Ljm, T ...13 Montgomery Ward i Phillips Music Co 13 RinHo Theater IS River Theater 13 Tibbt'tts 5 Union Cemetery .7, 13 Virginia Theater *...13 Wolll'w » Wrestling 10

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