The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 11, 1944 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

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Monday, September 11, 1944 Cbttonal of (Kfje Pafeersftelb Caltforman ALFRED H A R R E L L (DITUH »ND FDBLIIHtt Entered in post office »t Bakersfielci. California. »r i-orond clasa mail under the act of Congres.- Mnrch 3. IS.i'j MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The A»socl«ted Press IB exclusively entitled to (hi- use fni purl' a- lion of all news dupatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in thli paper, and alio the local news published therein. Th« Bakerr.fleld CallforniRn Is also a rl'ent of the United Press and receives its complete wire perv.ire. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co . Inc. New York, Chicago. San Fran-Mfco. T.os Aneeles. Seattle. Portland. Denver WASHINGTON. D C.. BTT.F.Ar The Haekin Service. \V«shinKlo:i. 1.' C By carrier or mail (in advance i in ponal zones one two. thiee. per month. 85c: sli ninninc. n, id- one \»ar, I? "0. By mail in postal zones four to eight, rer month. Jl fin. WORK NEEDED— NOT THE DOLE T HE nation is vilnlly roni-onicd over »ov- ernmenl policy as il will afl'cct business after the war. II is llic ilicory of the present administration to lax industry to the limit, seemingly without considering the thought that if business does not prosper the opportunity for labor will be curtailed. The voter must realize that the failure to create more jobs in the 10 years before the war was due to the mistaken policy of an administration which sought to substitute for employment government largess. A similar policy is suggested for the future. But that idea will not find favor with the youths who return from the battle fronts. They will seek lucrative jobs and not government doles. And that is the plan, too, which finds favor with Governor Dewey, and which will be supported by independent Senators and Representatives if we can accept assurance of members of Congress of today and of the Congress of tomorrow. We have tried the dole. It did not cure the country's ills. It will not cure them in the future. Opportunity to work will be a vital heed and that opportunity must not be cur- failed by burdensome taxation of industry nor 'by government control of the business of the nation. ! would not be given the same political con- I sideralion as the underground French. Obviously the French who stayed in France and ; suffered the brunt of the German occupation ! would feel that they deserved more of a voice in the resolution of their own govcrn- i mcnt than those who saw fit to carry on their politics in the safely of England and Morocco. | As a matter of fact, the French govcrn- ! mcnt is anything but stable right now. There I is something of an ugly undercurrent. There ; is a good deal of hoodlumism among the young men, most of whom have been armed with submachine guns at the expense of America and England. These young men have shown a tendency to take a good bit of the law into their own hands, a bad business in itself, but understandable considering the provocation they have been under from the Germans for a period of four years. The prediction made by The Californian that De Gaulle, whose political temperament is anything but charming, would have his difliculties with French politics, is now having corroboralion in the reality of events. France is entering a turbulent political phase. Directors of the Bank of France have been suspended. Prominent men have been arrested at the option of the F. F. I. who seem, for the time being at any rate, to bypass the police in administering their own form of justice. The people of France are so sick of the rigid Vichy restrictions that they are showing a tendency not to take any law too seriously at this time. Their mood is a potentially dangerous one, but they will probably emerge from it to the credit of France. PLENTY OF OIL FOOD STOCKPILES T HE War Food Administration is now making a study of food stockpiles accumulated abroad to feed our Allies as Americans have gone on rationing for the duration. Il is the hope of the WFA thai il will not make the same mistakes which resulted in such an unpleasant relationship with France at the end of the first World War. When the first World War was concluded this government turned over lo France food surpluses paid for by American tax money. The French government then released this vast amount of food lo commercial trade. France then re-exported the food and sent it to the United Slates for sale, where it caused a break in the American market. Obviously Ihe American public could not afford to give away food and then buy it back at a price, even though lower than our domestic commodities. This affair at Ihe time did not improve our relationship with France any more than did the knowledge, when it became general, that France had charged the American army rentals on the land occupied by our forces in lighting the Germans. Through rigid and careful rationing in this country the American public has been enabled lo build up a food stockpile for England of 5,500,000 tons, or something more than twice the amount of food reserves we have stored up for ourselves. Actually, our local food reserves amount to about 2,000,000 tons. The American government has been very kind, indeed, to Great Britain under a very generous lend-lease policy. Naturally, having given England twice the amount of food we have stored here for our own use, we do not wish to penalize ourselves by having the domestic market affected. It is far belter of course, lo have loo much food than too little, yet the fact that we have built up large reserves of food has constituted something of a serious problem, particularly as the WFA now has the job of disposing lo the domestic trade approximately .$10,000,000 worth of excess foods every month. The government is reported to be considering school lunch programs and supplies for needy families in this country as a means of disposing of food surpluses. At any rate, the Federal government seems to have created for itself another problem. On the egg surplus disposal plan alone, Mayor La Guardia of New York has been a persistent critic of the administration. FRENCH WAR SHOCK s FRANCE is gradually emerging from her war shock," a trauma induced by four years of German domination, the nation is looking about with a growing alertness to local politics. The New York Times reports that a singular apathy exists in connection with DC Gaulle. He does not mean anywhere near so much to France as he does to De Gaulle and his clique of Free French. Some time ago it was predicted by The Californian that the French ojjtside of France P non;ssou W. II. P.\I;L, of Oregon Stale College, assures the Society of Automotive Engineers, meeting in Portland, Ore., that we have "plenty of oil." The professor asserted that we possess a reserve of 20 billion varrels and estimates further thai beneath the earth in the United States are 100 billion more barrels. All of the oil in Ihe world has nol yet been discovered by any manner of means, he told the engineers. This docs not mean, however, that this oil is immediately available or thai we are going to obtain any additional allotments for our automobiles, no indeed, but there is some comfort for Ihe future to know that this war will not exhaust all our oil potentialities. BICYCLE RIDING A M:\VS item thai the government, through the Surplus Property division, has directed the "orderly disposal of more than 11,000 bicycles" declared surplus by the Army is another evidence that the bicycle will have a poslwar popularity. Thousands, yes, millions of persons who had never ridden on a bicycle or made use of one before this war have been using bicycles and are Ihe better for il, not only in health but money saved. Many an adult since the war has learned to ride a bicycle and has found it particularly useful, cheap and pleasant for short trips during good'weather. The fact thai the government is distributing 11,000 bicycles not needed by our armed forces will further enhance the popularity of these machines. AMATEUR BLUEBEARD C i HHI:NT disclosures of German atrocities on an appalling scale—their use of vir- ! tual factories for the killing of hundreds of | persons at a time—make the crimes of Dr. I Marcel Pctiot, the "mad butcher of the Rue i Leseur," seem like (hose of an amateur. Yet Doctor Petiot, of Paris, in his way was as nasty an homicidal maniac as Ihe world has noted in many years. With the liberation of Paris il is now revealed that at least 51 of the doctor's victims have been identified. Police found 40 suitcases, most of them belonging lo women. They also found a periscope through which Ihe doctor watched the agonies of his vic- l tims as they died horrible deaths. Unfortunately, Doctor Peliot escaped the i Paris police. lie's probably in Germany now. ; They could use a man like that, even if he is onlv an amateur bv their standards. MEDICAL HEROES H o.xoit to those It servicemen recently decorated by the Army for allowing dangerous medical experiments lo be made on their living bodies. These men, volunteers, submitted to infection with sandfly fever, one of the worst afflictions of troops in the tropical and semi-tropical areas. The volunteers, whose submission has advanced our knowledge of this disease and others of the tropics, have received the Legion of Merit. It has been found that sandfly fever and that experienced in Sicily arc the same disease. Protective measures have been developed by chemical sprays containing dimethyl phlhalale and pyrelhrum ill a salve. i Jke War • JL odi<aiy EDITOR'S NOTE—Until giich time «« Ernie Pyle's column Is resumed following his \atatiun. this) space will be used for war feature stories. By HOWARD COWAN Rppresontimr Combined American Prexs (Distributed by United Press) AT GENERAL EISENHOWER'S the progress which they say would HEADQUARTERS. (UP)—The continued retreat of the German armies and their failure to make any kind of organized stand since the Allies pushed them across the Seine leaves but one conclusion—that Hitler has lost the war in the west. It is most likely that the last big battle of the war on the western front already has been fought. Ar- morfd pincers will .simply keep on stabbing first here, then .there, until Germany it.self is overrun—just as northern France and Belgium have boon overrun in the past few days. How long this will take is a mat- tor of the least concern to the Allies. Mo.st think the jig will be up by early November. This includes some conservatives who a few weeks ago wouldn't even guess at all. General Eisenhower himself went before 100 newspapermen in London lust week and repeated a statement he made in Algiers last Christmas: That the Nazis would be licked In 1!I44 if everyone does his part. It is not unreasonable to assume that the supreme commander allowed himself some margin to work in. It Is no secret that the speed of the Allied advance is governed only by the time it takes for supplies to catch up with the gasoline-devouring tanks. Things developed to a point where one can a.sk, "When will we be here?"—pointing to any spot in Germany. One gets the prompt and direct answer, qualified by "If the gasoline and ammunition keep up vi ith us." Allied commanders are cheered by \ have been absolutely impossible cept for Hitler's blind strategy of holding and choosing to slug it out until his withdrawal turned Into first a retreat and then a rout. It is to be expected that isolated pockets of resistance will be encountered here and there and the Allies are ready for them. The Nazis may try to stand on the Siegfried line but this is causing no great concern. The four-year-old fortifications are not expected to halt the Allies anymore than the Maginot line slowed Hitler in 1940. Although each day sees Allied troops occupying larger chunks of territory once dominated by the Germans, it is still clear that the main objective is the German army itself and not necessarily the strategical moves that look good on the war maps. One other consideration has figured in the strategy, however—the liquidation of as many robot bomb and V-2 sites as possible. It is evident now what the Germans probably thought they could u.se the buzz bomb punishment of London as a weapon to persuade the Allies to reconsider their "unconditional surrender" ultimatum and bring the war to a quicker end with more Isnient terms. Though peace feeler rumors began to fly during the past week as Allied armies neared the border of Germany, one can say with absolute certainty that nothing of a nature serious enough to require attention of the military has been received to date. Hollywood. 1> o I ui m -(By ERSK1NE JOHNSON)- AVe found Shangri La on a mountain top in Hollywood today. It was only i> miles from the heart of Beverly Hills. But it was practically straight up all the way. We ate venison soaked in milk for 24 hours and washed it clown with red wine. We looked through a telescope to see the nearest neighbors—and they were cows, grazing in San Fernando valley, 10 miles away. We didn't need a telescope, though, to see Sugar Foot, who also was everywhere. Sugar Foot, the Danish baritone, is billed by the Metropolitan Opera with the more formal name of Lauritz Melchior. On his private mountain top, Mrs. Melchior calls him Sugar Foot. Lauritz was wearing yellow shorts and white knitted socks halfway up to hid pink, dimpled knees. We didn't need a telescope to see him because he is 6 feet 3 and weighs 2.50 pounds. And in those yellow shorts and overgrown bobby socks he stole the scenery. We looked up Lauritz at this mountain tup estate, "The Viking," because he is making him movie debut with Van Johnson and Esther Williams in JI. G. M.'s "Thrill of a Romance." He chuckled about that like a truckload of jelly. "After S'2 years in opera, I'm a debutante," he roared. "They've dressed him up." Mrs. Melchior sale, "like a prlma donna." "I play Cupid to Van and Esther," Sugar Foot snid. "Can you imagine me as Cupid?" Mrs. Sugar Foot is a beautiful woman with a delightful sense of humor. She manages Sugar Foot's affairs with a shrewdness Hollywood agents should study. They have been married for 20 years. She once was an actress in Germany. Sugar Foot said, "I make the noise and she saves the money " Singing in the movies was child's play, Lauritz Melcholr said, "At the Met 1 sing from 6000 to 7000 words in one evening. In Hollywood I sing one little song and they ask me if I'm tired." He does nothing to protect his voice except take a three-month vacation every year. "A voice" he said, "is like a machine. You have to give it a rest now and then." On his annual three-month vacations, Sugar Foot likes to hunt. He's shot grizzly bears in Alaska, caribou in Canada and mountain goats in South America. The heads of half a dozen were hanging in the playroom. "But you should see the ones we left in New York," Mrs. Melchior said. "We practically support a taxidermist." Few Hollywoodites have ever been to their home. The Melchiors aren't the party type. And for all the beauty of their private mountain top, they live most of the time in New York. They spent only 10 weeks last year at "The Viking." "I'm uneasy around Hollywood people," Melchior said. "They're always on the alert." Lauirtz Melchior believes opera .should be subsidized by the government, or by a 50-cent tax on all radios and phonographs. "Opera is one of the world's greatest living arts," he said. "We build museums for dead things, why shouldn't we build museums for live things." Questions and ^Answers Q. Who selects the design for the medals and decorations awarded by the army and navy?—C. E. Y. A. The designs J'or medals and decorations awarded by the army are selected by the quartermaster heraldic section and approved by Congress. The navy department asks for bids when designs for medals and decorations are desired and various artists throughout the country submit their designs. The board thon makes its choice of several and submits them to the fine arts commission fur approval and recommendations, and final selection is made by the navy. Q. Does the temperature of the air decrease at a constant rate the higher one goes above the surface?— N. E. E. A. Near the earth's surface the temperature of the atmosphere is highly variable, but in ascending the air temperature drops mure or less •egularly, about 15 degrees Fahrenheit for every mile of rise. Seven or eight miles up the temperature is about 7"> degrees Fahrenheit below zero and remains practically constant. Q. When were the town lights installed in Austin, Texas?—C. A. A. The lights were turned on for the first time on May ti, 1895. Mercury vapor lamps now produce the illumination. Austin claims the distinction of being the only city in the world lighted by "artificial moonlight." Q. On how many occasions did President Wilson leave the United States?—W. P. A. Woodrow Wilson left the country twice while he was President. After the end of World War 1 he made two trips to Europe. A. According to the latest information available he is nerving in the irmed forces of the L'n'ted States where he Is teaching aerial navigation. Previously he was connected with the Oxford group, working on their "Mural Rearmament" program. <J. What fish swims upside down? R. E. S. A. The catfish found in the swamps of Africa is tho only one known to swim upside down. Ordinarily only dead or dying fish are found in this position. Q. What is the oldest railroad in the United States—O. E. L. A. The Baltimore & Ohio railroad, chartered in 1827, is the oldest railroad In the United States. The first section of this roaci ran from Baltimore to Ellicott Mills, Md. Q. I« soldier mail coming from France or England postmarked aboard or In this country?—O. L. F. A. Soldier mail is postmarked with the army post office number at the point of mailing, j Q. Does Thanksgiving fall on the fourth or last Thursday in November?—O. I. M. A. Thanksgiving Day will be observed on November 23, the fourth Thursday. Q. Did United States troops ever invade Canada?—W. H. A. The United States made abortive invasions of Canada in 1812 and IS 13. Q. How long is the term of office in the state legislatures?—T. W. D. A. In 31 states the term of senators is 4 years; in IB it is 2, and in 1 (New Jersey) it i.s 3 years. The term of members of the lower house in most states is 2 years. Exceptions are', New Jersey, ] year; Alabama, Louisiana, Maryland and Mississippi, 4 years. Q. Were the letters I anil O purposely omitted from ration books?— C. M. A. These letters were purposely omitted because of their similarity to the numerals one and zero. Linotype operators make frequent and understandable errors in reading copy containing the letters 1 and O, and in the publication of point price charts the element of error is considerably reduced by their elimination. Q. What are the incorporated territories?—S. J. A. Alaska and Hawaii are the two incorporated territories. The inhabitants of both are citizens of the United States and the constitution and all the laws of the United States, unless inapplicable locally, fire expressly declared to be in effect there. Q. How many movie actors and actresses are there in Hollywood?—D. H. E. A. The number of actors and actresses under contract with major stuiilos in 1943 was 725. The number of extras registered with the, Central Casting Corporation was 04.'!."). Q. What is the largest amount of money ever collected in a world series?—N. N. F. A. The record is $1,322,328 collected i.i the seven-game series of 1940. Thirteen series have brought mure than a million dollars each. Q. Through which ancestor did Queen Victoria of England have British blood?—O. N. A. A. Queen Victoria's British blood came through the Electress Sophia, granddaughter of King James I of England. Q. Was Sarah Bernhardt a sculptress as well as an actress—D. H. A. Sarah Bernhardt attracted considerable public attention as an amateur sculptress. Q. Where may the following lines be found, "Others abide our question. Thou art free."—T. T. H. A. The quotation is from the poein "Shakespeare," by Matthew Arnold. Q. What become of the boy who won top honors in the Edison scholarship contest some years ago?— B. B. A rtadir '-an net the im,«ri ui «n.\ quenilon of f«et h.» writing The !<• ktrelltld Cilifnriilan Information Bureau SIB Kjre Street. N. W«»hlnuli.u. i. O. C. flvui «C|OH ceoia Fur Tpb. From the Files of Tke Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date, 1934) Mrs. A. C. Jones, who spent the summer in Canada, has returned, accompanied by her daughter, Mrs. Robert Elton Hill. E. L. Jewett of Fresno, state president of the Eagles order, will visit Bakersfield Wednesday night. He will be introduced by Howard Finch. Preliminary construction work on the $40,000 social welfare building for Kern county is now under way. Miss Minnie Freise will have erected a 20-room maternity home at 721 Eighth street. Welll's store corporation has been dissolved and a partnership formed by members of the family. Warde Watson will be the speaker ;.t Lions Club meeting Wednesday. Bids will be received on laundry anil dry cleaning contracts for the CCC camps October 1 to January 1, by Harold Harris, secretary of Bakersfield Chamber of Commerce, at this time. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Calitorninn. this date. 1924) Sentence of life imprisonment for the murder of Robert Frank and of 99 years' imprisonment for kidnap- ing the boy were meted out to Nathan F. Leopold, Jr., and Richard Loeb today in the Criminal Courts building, Chicago. The youth of the defendants, 18 and 19 years, was all that saved them from the noose. At a pretty morning ceremony at St. Francis Church, Miss Lorena Love became the bride of William B. Stannard today. The Reverend George A. Warmer, pastor of First Methodist Church, has returned from a summer vacation in Los Angeles. County Clerk Frank E. Smith will turn over the sealed absent voters ballots to the Board of Supervisors for official count tomorrow. Soda pop burglars last night forced their way into the Fisher & Morgan soft drink stand and took nine bottles of soda water. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date, 1!U4) Mrs. H. V. Miller entertained at a surprise party on the birthday anniversary of her husband Wednesday night. Marytha Class of First Christian Church will reconvene after a summer recess this afternoon. Mrs. Gloanah Ball Behan announces the re-opening of her studio for the teaching of piano. Program for a reception for new teachers by Washington P. T. T. tomorrow night will be as follows: Welcome, Mrs. Neva Lawson; response, Mrs. H. P. Bender; addresp. Professor D. W. Nelson; piano solo, Rexton Reed. The fate of Paris is doubtful as the battle of the invaders advances. A woman describing conditions in Los Angeles says that wives are working in stores and children roaming in the streets. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1904) Insurance adjusters are here today to settle claims resulting from the recent fire. No plans for rebuilding have been announced. After September 15, drug stores of Bakersfield and Kern will close at 9 p. m. instead of 10. E. L. Doheny will receive today from Norman Church, the most expensive American made automobile ever to be brought to this coast. The machine is a new 1905 Peerless, it cost $4700. The rate of taxation for the ensuing year will be $1.65, according to announcement today by Board of Supervisors. This is a reduction of 5 cents. J. P. Grljalva was succeeded by Howard Cravath as president of Native Sons last night. E. M. Roberts and family returned this morning from Santa Cruz. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this dale. 1894) A sweet potato weighing more than 7 pounds and an egg plant weighing more than 5 pounds are the latest trophies added by Mr. Walker to Land Company's exhibit. People in that part of Cuyama country tributary to Kern have built a school house which they have named Wasioja School. Miss Minnie Green of this city has been engaged as teacher. A. Chicago dispatch was quoted today as saying "The Chinese War is only a few weeks old but the proofreaders are suffering terribly already." Salcidu block is up to the seventh story and work has been commenced on Leet & Lang building, adjoining. Billy Kills and John Schultz have leased Nick Brothers lunch counter. SO THEY SAY Chinese politics cannot be divorced from the main current of international thinking, which is toward democracy and liberalism, against which stand fascism and autocracy. The democratic world is veering to the left and we shall have to keep step with the world.—Dr. Sun Fo, president of China's Legislature Yuan. During the last three years our wartime record as a nation has been outstanding—here at home as well as overseas. But there is no questioning the fact that some of the toughest problems that any people ever faced lie just ahead—Chester Bowles, OPA administrator. The joy that entered the hearts of all civilized men and women at the news of the liberation of Paris can only be measured by the gloom which settled there one June day four years ago when German troops occupied the French capital.—President Roosevelt. After what happened in 1940, after France gave In anil her government was usurped, there is no other practical and acceptable way for the people to make their voice heard than by a universal and free vote to all French men and women.—General Charles de Gaulle. One thing is certain: we will continue the enormous struggle, it must be continued, as long as our enemies are maintaining their war alms and as long as reason is not substituted for a desire for destruction.—Lieutenant-General Kurt Dlttmar, Nazi radio commentator. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY And I myself also' am persuaded of you, ,mj/ brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another. — Romans /.7:/.f. Men in no way approach so nearly to the gods as in doing good to men.—Cicero. News BeLizia iLe News -(By PAUL MALLONV- WASHINGTON, Sept 11.—The propaganda for world-feeding by the United States is being started again among the government coteries long interested in promoting that subject. If Europe is not sufficiently hungry, or can be well handled by surplus army stores, let us feed China and India, where diets have been deficient for ages according to our standards. Between a deficient del and starvation is a great gulf, but they bridge it with "statistics" showing four-fifths of the peoples of the world do not eat as much as we do and hence must be starving. The promoters were on the air a few days back with a new proposition, towit: Food production In the world must be increased, even doubled, and trebled, and these "starving" four- fifths required to eat It. It is a smooth-sounding notion, and excellent politics, unless you get down to cases What could make the farmers feel better possibly good enough to vote for Roosevelt again, than the prospect of taking off all limits on production, and solving their surplus problems of the last several decades by making those people eat enough, who do not live as we do. On the same radio program, however, were representatives of starving India and Poland, who in their polite and very diplomatic way, seemed to respond: "We may have people who are nut well fed, but do you not realize the problem of feeding them permanently involves something more than accumulating more farm surpluses?" But the world-feeding promoter just wei.t ahead denouncing anyone opposed to increased production as a traitor to humanity, an obstructor of progress. It is time someone started thinking constructively about the job, because it is one that should be done. If left to these New Dealing gentlemen, it will only accumulate more farm surpluses to be destroyed like the pigs or dumped in the ocean like Brazilian coffee, or allowed to spoil, or cause future plowing under. Plainly they are starting at the wrong end of the reasoning or common sense, as usual. To start at the right end, let us agree that for all feeding done, someone must pay. The food cannot be given away. If it Is given free to the Indians by our government, our taxpayers must pay for It. No one is proposing that our farmers raise it for nothing. The problean, therefore, Is not one of world food supply at all, but of world ability to pay. The way to at- • tack the problem constructively, therefore, would be to aid the Indian or Chinese get the money which, would allow him to pay our prices. f That is a far more difficult task. Of course, I, too, am getting a little tihead of myself, by assuming the Chinese pr Indian would even like our diet if he- had the money to buy it. _ Since the beginning of the world, his diet has always been different. Perhaps he thinks we are overfed and that we should take his diet. The custom of generations would have to be broken before he would want our food The natural thing for him to want ( to do is to grow more of the food he likes, his own food. This is a problem for him. The hungry European nations are even now turning their backs on • UNRRA so they can get started more swiftly to make themselves .self-sufficient, and if they are wise they will not even want our money to rehabilitate themselves, thus running their nations into debt and under our influence and power. That is the way, we, too, would want it if wf> were in their position. But assume the "undernourished" would take our food, then we must take something from him to pay for . it, else he will not bo on a self- sustaining level, but on charity, which is as demoralizing and retrogressive as an unpayable debt. Thus now it is purely an economic and a* trade problem, not a farm problem In any sense, and cannot become a farm problem until we have performed the first two prerequisites: (1) Created foreign desire for our diet, and (2) the foreigner produces something satisfactory to give us in exchange. This might require years for full success, but it is a goal worth working for in a constructive way. The other suggestions being promoted are 50 per cent politics and 50 per cent nonsense. (World copyright, 10.M. by Kiiijj Feature* Syndicate. Inc. All rlubls reserved. Iteiiroducilon la full or <n Dart strictly prohibited.) as Li ngf on (By PETER EDSON) Col uimn Government planners in general, and advocates of a planned economy in particular, have taken a good bit of kidding and cuffing since the early days of the New Deal. Ridiculing anyone who thought the cutthroat law of supply and demand could be improved on has been the smart thing to do. Congress even went so far as to legislate out of existence the National Resources Planning Board. But now comes CED, the Committee for Economic Development, an organization of businessmen interested in maintaining the American free enterprise system, admitting that the rule of dug eat dog may not be so hot for the postwar period and sponsoring a series of long-range studies to see if some planning can't be done to reach and keep high levels o f production and employment, after the reconversion and transition from war to peace have been achieved. Here are some of the things this group of business men think they should know about if the mistakes of the 1920s and 1930s are not to be repeated. First is the matter of knowing that jobs come from business, and appreciating that it is necessary to provide adequate incentives for new enterprises. What makes a man want to go into business for himself, anyway? Is it for his health, a desire for self-expression, a social consciousness of the need to provide payrolls, a desire for independence, or the crass motive of wanting to make more money. Whatever the incentive, the end result makes jobs and the need of the times Is to Induce as many people as possible to put their money into new business, rather than to buy bonds and sit back, which is relatively safer and a lot less trouble. The problem then becomes one of providing the right incentives by proper limitation of government controls over business, labor and agriculture, the tax and patent law systems. Obviously, it will take planning to effect those changes. In this scheme of things, the development of a constructive tax policy is of top importance, and this is the second of the CED long-range research projects. It includes the study of state and local, as well as federal taxes, and how the tax burden should be distributed so it will both encourage consumers to buy and stimulate producers to make things. That gets into planning a properly balanced system of profits taxes, licenses, estate taxes and the elimination of both interstate and international trade barriers. A third great field of research for planning, co^nes under the head of minimizing business fluctuations and unemployment. In other words, how to level off the booms and the busts, providing protection for both employer and employe without featherbedding or making useless work. Also, how much or how little government aid there should be in the form of public works, protective tariffs, trade agreements, social security, fnd so on. A special long-range study is called for on the problems of small business, since firms with less than 100 employes account for 45 per cent of all the jobs In the United States. As a postwar problem that means simply that taxation, capital, labor and other restrictions working against small business have to be revised to encourage more individuals to start new businesses. Add all these together and you come to the conclusion that statesmen and business men really know few of the answers in the quiz book labeled the science of economics. But the folly comes in thinking that the essential conditions for maintaining a high level of productivity and employment can be created without deliberate planning some place along the peacetime pathways of uninhibited enter- that, and are doing something prise. Smart business men realize about it. TLe Readers' VJewpoinf KIIITUIi'S NUTK—letter* should DC limited to 150 words; may attack Ideal but not person!; must not he ibuslre mid should tie written leiilbl.v und on un« side of the paper. The Californian !• nut n'siKinslhlf loi Ihe «entlmentF rnntalnrd therein and reurrea the rliiht lo rejwt my letttn. Loiters must hear an authentic address and ilmature, although these will be withheld if desired. ON NO. 11 Editor The Californian: Sincere thinking people are realizing more each day that, If we are to preserve our American ideals and way of life after this war, we must have something vastly different than WPA jobs, government doles and relief, as a postwar program. Because of this undeniable fact, more people this year are watching with eager anticipation the State of California, than ever before in our history. And well may they do so, for out here the pioneering courage and spirit of America has not vanished. On November 7 the voters of California are going to adopt their own scientific pay-as-you-go poslwar program, irrespective of Washington, D. C. That program is embodied In our Constitutional Amendment No. 11. Unbiased study of this amendment will reveal that It will gradually and systematically create buy- Ing power in the hands of our incapacitated and senior citizens, exactly as our gasoline tax has gradually and systematically Increased the buying power of our highway department. And the wor has proven that if we provide American free enterprise with good customers, American production, employment and prosperity will automatically take care of itself. IRA H. ROSS. 1753 Longwood Ave., Los Angeles 6, Calif. MARINE CORPS AUXILIARY Editor The Californian: We- wish to extend our heartiest thanks in appreciation of the time and splendid co-operation you have given us and members of our "Marine Corps League Auxiliary," this year. MRS. HUTU BENNETT, President. MRS. RAE GIDDINGS. • Secretary. VIEWS OF "SARGE" Editor The Californian: Now that Senator Truman ha§ been informed of his vice-preidential nomination, it seems the campaign must ctart in earnest. Not long ago the party slogan most used was, "Don't change horses in midstream", but all that "baloney" was discarded when Henry Wallace was high-pressured from the nomination. Truman found it more fitting to say, "twelve yesy» of experience" and referred to Roosevelt as commander-in-chief so strenuously as to imply that he Is winning the war, not the generals, and their staffs. I suppose we may expect even more desperate slogans to appear as the Republicans gain and the Democrats lose public popularity. Sincerely, "SARGE." P. S.—I was extremely pleased with your editorial, "On the Home Front Also." PEN SHAFTS Wonder what line the sergeant used when he talked 400 Nazis into surrendering? We could use it trying to get our shirt back from the laundry. Only one person in 300,000 la struck by lightning. All the others have to avoid is the soap on the bathroom floor. Los Angeles has good boxing shows, but if you want to see the real thing, attend a Hollywood house party. Yes, we'll have an employment problem after the war—the women who have discovered they can get men's wages without marrying. What the Germans seem to need more than anything else is a few hard-boiled traffic cops. A number of women are running for Congress. They probably think I women's place is in the House. i

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