The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 11, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Monday, September 11, 1944
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Russians Capture Krosno in Advance on East Nazi Front ******** *•#**" ALLI RMANY! THE WEATHER High yesterday 107 Low today "1 Rainfall Season (Airport; '!' Year ago (Airport) '!' Seasin (Land Company)... „ T Year ago (Land Company) T Forecast No; Quite BO hot today: definitely cooler tonight, and Tuesday. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1944 12 PAGES No. 36 F. D. R., CHURCHILL MEET FOR "VICTORY TALKS" - Victory Theme of . Allied Leaders at Historic Conference QL'EBEC, Sept. 11. <U.E>— President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill began a momentous "victory conference" in Quebec today and announced that Soviet! Premier Josef Stalin had been invited to the meeting but could not come while the Soviet armies are "developing their offensives against Germany increasingly." Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill arrived here this morning, expressing their- pleasure over the rapid and favorable development of the war on the Allied side. They were hardly established rn the historic old fortress citadel of Quebec when it was announced that Stalin likewise had been asked to attend this meeting, but had been un- atile to do so. Mr. Roosevelt's press secretary, Stephen T. Early, released the following message from Stalin in reply to the invitation from the President and prime minister. "At the present time when the Soviet armies are fighting battles on such a broad front, developing their offensives increasingly, I am deprived of the possibility of traveling out of the Soviet Union and of leaving the direction of the army for the shortest period. All my colleagues agree that this is quite impossible." • Early said Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill fully understood why Stalin could not leave the Soviet Union at this time. They felt that "he was properly absent on the field • of duty." The American and British leaders, Early added, appreciated Stalin's message. Stalin Invitation The invitation to Stalin reflected the fact that the Roosevelt-Churchill discussions will cover a wide field, including post-surrender plans for Germany, although it was made plain that in the conference's major military endeavors will be pointed toward speeding victory over Japan. The meeting has been called the "Victory Conference" and Churchill emphasized that theme in almost his first words of greeting to the President. "Victory is everywhere," he said •when they met at the obscure Wolfe's Cove railroad siding before settling down In the citadel .fortress for the duration of the meeting. "When everything you touch turns to gold," Churchill said of the. recent continuing Allied ' war successes, "there is no need crying out about Providence." , The military nature of the conference—and particularly the emphasis on the war with Japan—was stressed by Stephen T. Early, White House press secretary. Early told a news conference: "The recent inspection tour of the Pacific by the President, his conferences with Admiral Nimitx, General MacArthur and the commanding general of the Alaska and Aleutians area, were but a prelimi- Conttnued on Page Two Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 2 Acme Finance Co 5 Arvin Theater 9 Atz-Smith Furniture 5 Bakersfield Hospital Supplies .. 5 Booth's 2 Brock's 2, 8 Brundage Pharmacy 5 Christian Science 4 Citizens Laundry 5, a Clark, Dr 6 Culliton, John W » Dorman's Photo , 2 Eastern 4 Edwards, Dr. E. P » Firestone Stores !t Flicklnger-Digier 2 Food City 6 Fox Theaters i» Garrison's 5 Globe Drug Store o Granada Theater !> Greenlawn Cemetery 5 Irvin, C. C 6 Ivera Furniture 9 Judds 4 KERN * KPMC 8 LeRoy Gordon Beauty Salon 4 Urn. T..... 9 Lois—House of Beauty 4 Mortensen, Walter 5 Mr. and Mm. of Radio Fame 8 New City Cleaners 5 Nora's Beauty Salon 6 Pennington, Dr. H. R fi Phillip* Music Co 2 Ralph's Shoe Comfort Shop 5 Rial to ^ Theater a River Theater 9 Stauffer System 5, Union Cemetery 2, 7 Vacolite 6 Vlnglnla Theater „..•. a Welll'js « Wlckersham's - 6 LEADERS MEET—Again the leaders of the United States and Great Britain meet at historic Quebec to outline future plans of the Allied Nations for the downfall of Germany and Japan. President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill greeted each other today at the Canadian city, famed in North American history. DEWEY SAYS Fl REGIME FAILED TO PREPARE AMERICA FOR WAR SPEECH TN TRADITIONALLY REPUBLICAN IOWA CITES ELECTION OF BOURKE HICKENLOOPER Scores of Forest Fires in North By JOHN L. Ct'TTER United Press Staff Correspondent BIOS MOINES, Iowa, Sept. 11. OLE)—Governor Thomas E. Dewey charged today that the Roosevelt administration "did absolutely nothing to prepare the American people for war." Dewey made the charge in news conference shortly, after his arrival at Des Moines for conferences with party leaders. He added that the administration now claims it saw the war was coming. During questioning on foreign policy, arising from a magazine article by Wendell L. Willkie, the 1940 G. O. P. presidential nominee, Dewey agreed that foreign policy and domestic policy are inseparable, because strength at home regulates American influence in foreign affairs. "The tragedy of the present administration is that we have an administration seeking re-election now which was eight years in office while all these tremendous forces were rising toward war, which did absolutely nothing to prepare the American people for war," he said. "And, at the end of those eight years in office, the administration still had a limping unproductive economy with 10,000,000 unemployed and absolutely no military preparations for these events, which it now claims it foresaw. As a matter of fact, we had an army of 75,000." Dewey was greeted at the Des Moines railroad station by a crowd estimated by Colonel Arth'ir T. Wai lace, chief of staff of the Iowa state guard, at 4000 persons. "I am happy to be in the state of Iowa and to sit down and talk to your leaders and get your views up to date," Dewey said from the rear platform. "I think that this January the intellectual capacity of the United States Senate is going to have a fine improvement in the person of my friend and your governor, Bourke Hickenlooper." Dewey, as he has in every stop so far on his 6700-mile coast-to-coast campaign swing, assailed what he calls "the defeatist philosophy of the present administration." He promised that a new adminis- Continued on Page Two SACRAMENTO, Sept. 11. (1P>— Scores of forest fires continued to rage throughout northern California today, fought by sailors, soldiers, San Quentin prisoners and every man which the state forestry service could hire or press into service. A temporary break in the excessive hot weather, if continued, presented the most encouraging factor in the situation, state forest headquarters here said. Largest of the blazes reported was the one along the Monterey- Fresno county line In the vicinity of Center peak. It had spread over more than 10,000 acres of brush and grass. A second, in Fresno county in the Coalinga area was being fought successfully but had burned over several thousand acres. Reported as "still going strong" were: A blaze of undisclosed size In Calaveras county near old Fricot City, involving brush, grass and a little timber. A GOOO-ucre fire in San Bcnito county, north of Pinacles National Monument, where naval base sailors were helping contain the conflagration. A blaze of SHOO acres in Nevada county on Wold Creek ridge composed mostly of brush and grass. A hundred soldiers were helping here. Former Killer of Leipzig Dies in Hitler Assassination Purge LONDON, Sept. 11. CUE)—Seven German political leaders, Including the former mayor%of Leipzig and offe of the Nazi party's most vicious killers, have been condemned to death for complicity in the July 20 attempt on Adolf Hitler's life, the German radio said today. Carrying forward the merciless blood purge that had sent eight prominent army officers to death on the gallows among many others, the notorious Nazi Peoples Cour.t passed sentence on the seven after a mock trial that Berlin boasted had "eliminated" the last of the key figures in the abortive July revolution. Recalling the speedy execution of the eight military men within two hours after they had been sentenced on August 8, London observers believed the second batch of "traitors" already had been executed by Hitler's hangmen. The official German Transocean news agency identified -the condemned men as Karl Goerdeler, ex- mayor of Leipzig, who was named as leader of the conspiracy; Count Wolf voo Helldorf, Ulrich von Hansel!, William Leuschner, Josef AVlrmer, Trott Xu Solz, and Paul Lejeune- Jung. In passing their pre-ordained sentence, the Nazi judges bitterly denounced Goerdeler and his accomplices as traitors who had been plotting with the Allies to overthrow the Hitler regime and establish a "dictatorship" that would make a "cowardly" peace with the United Nations. The court Insinuated that the conspirators had been in touch with the Allies secretly since 1942 when Germany still was waging successful war on all fronts. "All the threads of the conspiracy were in Goerdeler's hands," Trans- ocean said, reiterating earlier Nazi charges that the former Leipzig mayor had been slated to replace Hitler as chancellor if the coup succeeded. The other six .conspirators also were in line for high political office after Hitler's death and the'-overthrow of the Nazi regime, Including the notorious Von Helldorf, one of the original killers of Nazidom, who won a bloody reputation in the Kur- fuerstendamm riots of 19S2-1933. U.S. Subs Sink Nine Jap Ships Bomb Circles Ring Japanese Holdings in Ex.-U. S. Islands WASHINGTON', Sept. 11. (UP.)— The navy announced today that American submarines operating in Pacific anil Far Eastern waters have sunk nine more Japanese ships including a destroyer, a gunboat and an escort vessel. A communique said this latest bag of United States undersea craft also included two medium cargo vessels, one small cargo vessel, one medium cargo transport and two small tankers. BY LEONARD MILLIMAN Aasocialed Press War Killloi Devastating United States carrier raids from Palau to the Philippines were carried into the fiftli consecutive day, Axis broadcasts reported today. With land-based aircraft striking at Formosa to the north, and Halmahera and the Celebes to the south, a crescent shaped Bomb line is being blasted around the .Tupanese- bccupied American territory. Enemy radios said attacks on Palau and Yap swelled to 1000-plane proportions last Thursday, with 330 returning to the attack yesterday (Tokyo time). The preceding day, Berlin reported, 300 aircraft sweeping off flattops raided Mindanao island, southernmost of the Philippines and target of daily assaults by General Douglas MacArthur's land-based bombers. Previous Pacific Fleet announcements told of concentrated bombing, strafing and rocket attacks for three consecutive days on Yap, while crtiis- eiis and destroyers joined navy planes in their second day of bombarding Palau, 600 miles east of Mindanao. None Damaged No American warships were damaged in this most vaunted of all Japanese island outposts. Significantly Admiral Chester \V. Nimitz reported destruction of shore defenses and the two, principal communication links In the eastern Carolines. Storage dumps were blown up, buildings razed. Koror. administrative headquarters for the island chain and the largest town on Palau, was left ablaze. Palau would be invaluable to the Americans as an advanced naval base for conquest of the Philippines. Yap, birthplace of typhoons, would be the ideal spot to forecast Philippine invasion weather. MacArthur'a bombers kept up their daily neutralization attacks on the southern approaches to the Philippines, including sorties over Mindanoa's two largest cities, attacks on five Halmahera airdromes and shipping facilities in the Celebes. China-based strike.-? yesterday and today (Tokyo time) at Formosa, whence Japanese planes attacked the northern Philippines at the start of* the war, were listed in Axis broadcasts. 15 Ships Sunk Fifteen Japanese ships were sunk or damaged, week end communiques announced. Six, Including a destroyer, were sunk in the Cnina sea: four in Philippines waters including a big tanker at Zamboangn, and five in the Celebes. Other bombing raids reached from the Bonin and Volcano Islands south of Tokyo to Bougainville in the Pacific, where MacArthur reported attacks on the Japanese "victory gardens." 300 Homeless in Sacramento^ Fire SACMAMEXTO, Sept. 11. OR— Several persons narrowly escaped death and 300 were left homeless Sunday when a fire which caused $100,000 damage destroyed a hotel, a warehouse and damaged five adjacent business buildings. The fire spread so rapidly the hotel's residents, mostly Sacramento Air Service Command employes and cannery workers, were unable to save persona] possessions The Sacramento Red Cross disaster committee provided beds and meals for the victims. Cause of the fire was not determined. DB OALLLE CABINET REVISED PARIS, Sept. 11. UF>— The cabinet In General Charles de Gaulle's provisional French regime has been revised, dividing representation equally among leaders of the French underground and the National Liberation grow from Algiers. YANK BOMBERS CONTROL SOUTH PHILIPPINE SKY—Bomb bursts shatter Jap installations at Licanun, in southern Philippines durlnrr raid by American bombers and long-range fighters. This first picture of American raids over the Philippines gives a graphic illustration of General MacArthur's statement that "our air force now dominates the southern Philippines." Signal corps radlo-tclephoto from Australia. REDS SWING FOR KNOCKOUT BLOW AGAINST HUNGARIAN DEFENSES ATTACKS PRESSED AGAINST KRAKOW AND CZECH MOUNTAIN PASS OUTPOSTS AS RUSSIANS ADVANCE LONDON", Sept. 11. (U.P)—Berlin said today that German troops had evacuated Krosno, fortress city in southern I'oland guarding the wny to Germany and Czechoslovakia, in the area of which the Nazis said Saturday the Russians had opened tt powerful offensive. German acknowl- Armies Join in Great Line Across France 200-Mile Assault Lashes at Hitter's Famed "West Wall" as Allies Liberate Luxembourg and Run Into Increasing German Opposition SUPKEME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FuilCE, Sept. 11. (A 1 )—Allied troops were officially reported fighting on German suil tonight. Lieutenant-General Courtney H. Hodges' First United States Army crossed the German border "in reasonable strength" some miles north of Trier this afternoon, headquarters said. They arc about 5 miles inside Germany, it. was said. The entry Into the Reich was preceded by heavy artillery. 1000 Yank Bombers Hit Nazi Cities GERMAN OPPOSITION IS RISING; HEAVY TOLL EXACTED BY FIGHTERS LONDON, Sept. 11. (UP.)—American heavy bombers more than 1000 strong escorted by upward of 750 fighter planes attacked oil plants at Merseburg, Lutzkendorf and Misburg, and other targets in central Germany today. The heavy toll of German planes was taken as the Luftwaffe for the position to the Allied raiders^ sweeping down on oil installations at Merseburg, Lutzkendorf and Misburg, and on other targets in central Germany. Today's deep penetration of Germany was a change In tactics for the Eighth Air Force, which in the last two days had sent more than 1000 heavy bombers against transport centers not far ahead of the advancing Allied armies. The targets at Lutzkendorf, near Leipzig, and Misburg. near Hannover, as well as those at Merseburg, were bombed visually. Tho other targets in central Germany, however, were instrument raids. The German DNB agency reported that the Allied formations were engaged by German fighter planes over Leipzig. lodgement o£ the loss of Krosno, 84 miles east of Krakow, came as the Red army drove deep into the mountain passes covering the Hungarian plains from the east and south in an effort to knock out Germany's last remaining satellite. Ernest von Hammer, Nazi military commentator, said Krosno was evacuated last night. Two days ago Berlin broadcasts said the Russians had lashed out in i\ drive on the front between Krosno and Rzemysl, 46 miles to the east. The reported offensive, not yet confirmed by Moscow, apparently had the twin nim of opening the way to Krakow and German Silesia beyond, and at the same time hurdling the Carpathians into Hungary in concert with the Balkan drive to the south. Moscow's latest war bulletin said Red Army forces* moving up from central Rumania drove 18 miles Into Rumanian Transylvania, occupied by Hungary In 1940, capturing Sfantul- Gheorghe and Hicsad. More than 100 miles to the north, a second Russian column pushed across the Carpathians from Buco- vina on a 50-mile front, captured the railroad town of Vama and moved SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 11. (U.E)—The American Third and Allied Seventh armies made a historic junction in northeastern France near Dijon today, establishing an unbroken front from the North sea to (he Mediterranean and trapping all the Germans to the west. The junction in the region of Sombernon, 12 uiiles west of Dijon, set the stage for the climactic assault on Germany for which Allied armies were massing within gunshot of a 100-mile stretch of the Reich frontier. The Americans already were pouring shells into the Siegfried Line and its iiiulior bastion of Aachen, while British troops were crossing the Dutch border into Holland and Berlin propagandists hinted that United Slates assault forces might be storming the fortress city of Maastricht. Lieutenant-General C. Hodges' United States First Army was pounding through the final miles of the approaches to Germany on a broad front after a lightning drive through Luxembourg that liberated its capital city of the same name. United Press Correspondent Robert C. Richards reported the junction THE ROAD TO BERLIN By Associated Prett« 1. Russian front: D12 mik's (from outside Pulutsk). '2. Western front: SUo miles (from Vervlers). , 3. Eastern Franco-. 453 miles (from midway between Besancon and Belfort). 4. Italian front: 583 miles (from below Rimini). of the Seventh and Third armies in a dispatch from Lieutenant-General George S. Pulton's front. Soinbenion Junction "Elements of the Third Army contacted elements of the Seventh Army In the vicinity of Sombernon tills morning," his dispatch said. The junction climaxed drives of hundreds of miles by both armies— the Third from the Normandy beachhead from which It burst five weeks ago, and the Seventh from the Mediterranean beaches on which its French and American elements landed a month ago. Whatever German troops remained in .southwestern Franco—apparently a relatively small number since a FRENCH HAMMER DIJON, BELFORT GERMANS OFFER ONLY WEAK RESISTANCE on to within less than '.iu miles of I general withdrawal has been Roins northeastern Transylvania. (on since the Seventh Army defeated The Soviet communique gave no I find routed the Nazis in southern details on the fighting eltwwherc | France—were cut off from the home- along the front, but enemy and Allied i land by the Allied cordon winding reports indicated that far-flung TJert i through Belgium. Holland, and armies were on the march !ill the j France. Third Army units jumped off at S a. in. today In H new attack south of Nuncy, Richards reported. The brief dispatch did not indicate the way from the borders of East Prussia to the Black sea in a hid to crush Germany's east wall before summer's end. . Berlin said Russian paratroops | scope or weight of the drive by Pat- had been dropped into Yugoslavia > ton's right wing, nor did It provide south of the Danube s Iron O:iie j any details of the junction near and were barely 50 miles from a i Dijon, juncture with Marshal Josip Tito's Richmls reported that heavy Speak Partisan armies. A Yugoslav coin- Continued (in Pace Two counterattacks forced several Amcri- Continued on Page Two By ELEANOR PACKARD United Pr*M War CorrMpor.dtnt ROME, Sept. 11.—French troop*. pacing a rapid Allied advance along a. 100-mile front in southern France, hammered at the outskirts of Dijon today and drove to within 16 miles of Belfort, Nazi escape route into Germany. , (A British broadcast, recorded by C.B.S., said French troops are reported "to be entering the city of Dijon from the south and from the west.") The Germans, fighting stubborn rear-guard actions as they retreated up the Saone valley, were offering only weak resistance before Dijon, largest city in central France with a imputation of 85.000. Two columns of French troops were driving on the city, one of th« last remaining enemy strongpoints blocking a juncture of the Seventh Army and the northern invasion forces, now less than 50 miles away. Another French force, striking northwestward In a big flanking movement, swept through the village of Arnay de Luc, 30 miles southwest of Dijon and continued virtually unopposed to Saulieu, 40 miles due west of Dijon. An American column was striking toward Dijon from the east after crumbling stubborn resistance. The Americans captured Dole on the lower Doubs and plunged 8 miles ahead to Auxonne, on the highway leading northward 18 miles southeast of Dijon. At the eastern edge of the front, the Germans were fighting fiercely In a desperate attempt to hold the American and French troops driving on Belfort, which almost was within artillery range of Allied guns. The French forces heading the Allied advance encountered tough opposition at Ponte-de-Roide and St. Hlppolyte, both near the Swiss border und Ifi miles from the escape gap, and were making only slow progress in attempting to penetrate the towns. Henderson to at Rotary Meeting Glenn E. Henderson, manager of Western Gear Works of Los Angeles, will be the guest speaker nt the Oildale Rotary Club meeting at 1":IO .... p. m. Tuesday, In Elliott hall, K. D. | troops captured the important towns ; ing to Bologna, key city of tlio I'o Americans Press Advance on Nazis in Gothic Line Outpost ROME, Sept. 11. (U.M —American I main highways and tt rail line lead- Myers, secretary, announced today. "Wartime Problems and Recon- version to Domestic Sales" will be the topic of Mr. Henderson's dress. Secretary Myers said that a short educational moving picture, will also be shown. Presiding over the meeting will be P. J. Hoshaw. of Pratti unil Plstoia "northwest of j valley northssard. In their general Klorenco today and advanced north- : advance in the western .sector, the Parole of Convicted Murder Suspects Set CHINO, Calif., Sept. 11. Iff)—Parole of Manuel Reyes, 20, and John Matuz, 21, two of the 12 youths con- vicjted on murder charges in the Los Angeles "Sleepy Lagoon" killing of Jose Piaz in August, 1942, has been announced by Superintendent Kenyon J. Scudder of the California Institution for men. He said the youths bad good records here. ward to engage Germans in the ad- i outer positions of the Uolhlc Line. ! United .States Fifth Army units, who wen? revealed for the first time today to be operating near the center of the Allied line across the peninsula, made a surprise advance by crossing the Sieve river 13 milea north of KJorence. Strong patrols were sent across into the mountainous region beyond and approached to within three miles of main enemy positions In the Apennine sector of the Gothic Line. While British and Indian troops of the Eighth 'Army weie slowed by bad weather and fierce enemy opposition in their drive through the breached Adriatic sector of the Gothic Line towards Kimlrii, the Americans on the western side drove north of Lucca and engaged its forward positions. .^, Prato and the large', town of Pistola, 10 miles noi-thea^., both are on Americans also occupied the town of Vecehiano, 4 miles north of i'isa, ami crossed the Serchio river at several points. One crossing was near Koutc 1 where it joins with the strategically vital east-went motor highway, and another was nearer the west coast where the river bends sharply southward. Germans in the Adriatic sector, meanwhile, launched a heavy counterattack against British Eighth Army troops were exposed in a difficult defense position, they repelled the attack in fierce fighting and lost no ground, front dispatches said. American troops, after scaling and capturing Mount Misnano, miles due north of Florence, came in contact with the Gothic Line's outer defenses at two points. One was in the general area of MonUignami, 4 miles northwest of Pistoia, and the other at Vcllano, 9 miles northwest of Pistoia. "Miss America" Set for War Bond Tour ATLANTIC CITY, X. J., Sept. 11. (UP) —Red-haired Venus Kamey, 19, Washington. D. C., the newly crowned Miss America of 1944, prepared today for a. three-month war bond tour and service hospital visits after winning the annual Atlantic City beauty pageant. Miss Ramey, the first red-haired contestant to win the Mls-s America title in the 18 pageants held at Atlantic City, was voted the beauty queen Saturday night at the close of the week-long series of eliminations. FLASHES CORN CROP IP WASHINGTON, Spe.t 11. («R> The Agricultural Department today predicted that the 1944 corn crop will total 3,101,319,000 bushels compared with 3,076,159,000 laut year and an estimate of 2,92a,in,- uoo bushels made a month ago. TIRE UfiCOBOS ABOLI WASHINGTON. S«pt. 11. Use of tiro Inspection recorded be discontinued, after currant gasoline books expire. Mandatory periodic tire Intpto* j lions were ^continued April Z|,', but motorists were required to-* : keep their inspection racord* fo*> ijse in renewing supplemental rm» qjpis or in obtaining nrtr Uwt. ?

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