The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 9, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Saturday, September 9, 1944
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YANKS OPEN SMASH AT SIEGFRIED LINE AS BREAKOUT IS SHATTERED Russians Aim Giant Offensive at Krakow TIII-; High vcstrv<hty Low lod«y .......... Rainfall $ra«nn lAirpnrl) Year ago (Airport) ......... Season (Land Company) rear ago (Land Company) T T T Present hot spell will continue today and -Sunday, Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1944 12 PAGES No. 35 NazisSaid Fleeing Praga Soviet Tanks Race Through Bulgaria, to 80 Miles From Turkey LONDON, Sept. !». <UR>—The Red army in Bulgaria lias ceased firing. Moscow radii) announced tonight. A foreign commissariat statement said the Russians ceased military operations in Bulgaria at 10 p. in. tonight, in view of Bulgaria 's break with Germany, her declaration of war on the Nazis and her petition for an armistice with the Soviet Union. The beginning of the Russian invasion of Bulgaria was disclosed only in last night's communique. LONDON, Sept. 9. (UP)—Soviet troops have captured the Bulgarian Black sea port of Burgas. Marshal Josef Stalin announced tonight in an order of the day. The announcement followed one reporting cessation of hostilities between Bulgaria and Russia. BY C. R. BLACKBURN Canadian Press Staff Writer LONDON, Sept. 9. (U.E)— . The Berlin radio reported today that the Red Army had opened a powerful offensive aimed westward through southern Poland toward Krakow, last big defense bastion guarding the approaches to German Silesia less than 50 miles to the west. The entire Russian front appeared stirring with new life after a relatively lull of more than a month, marked mainly by the Soviet sweep through the Balkans which broke the Nazi grip on southeastern Europe.. . A United Press dispatch from Moscow reported a "lull before the storm" along the East Prussian border, where the Red Army was drawn up for a smash into Germany proper. It said the thunder o£ thousands of Red Army guns was audible for dozens of miles in a blazing battle northeast ot Warsaw. Radio France said the Germans were evacuating Praga. the Warsaw suburb on the east bunk of the Vistula. (The British radio broadcast what it described as a report from Moscow that the first Soviet patrols had crossed the East Prussian frontier anil returned with prisoners. The broadcast was reported by Columbia Broadcasting System.) Rare Toward Turkey The DNB news agency reported the new Soviet offensive In the area of Przemysl, rid Polish citadel captured by the Russians in their summer sweep through Poland, and Krosno, 46 miles west, of Przemysl. Soviet annored columns raced un• opposed through Bulgaria to within 80 miles or less of the Turkish Continued on Page Two •* King Trades Shots With Nazi Enemies BUCHAREST, Sept. 7. (Delayed) OP)—Young King Mihai traded shots with his enemies and dashed to a rendezvous with his secret followers in the exciting coup d'etat when Romania broke her ties with Nazi Germany and switched to the Allied camp the night of August 23. Baron Manfred von Killlnger, German ambassador to Romania, | killed himself after Russian troops i entered the Romanian capital. | Von Killinger, knowi as "the butcher" who boasted he had killed seven persons, killed himself. It now can be disclosed, following a noetic audience with young King Mlhai who told him that the Nazi dictator. Ion Antonescu had been arrested and a new pro-Allied government , formed. The inside story of the coup d'etat was given to the Associated Press by 22-year-old King Mihal and his mother, Queen Helena, who received •the correspondent at the country villa where they are liviig temporarily. They provided many of the details. Baron Ian Mocsonyi-Styrcea, youthful, dashing marshal of the court and mystery man behind the scenes re-enacted in the royal palace itself many of the events of the exciting evening of August S3. KEL1EVEI) FROM POST—Army Major-General Ralph Smith, who commanded army forces during con finest of Saipan. was relieved of his post while the battle for the island in the Marianas still WHS in progress, it was learned today. SAIPAN GENERAL TRANSFER TOLD MARINE CHIEF TELLS OF CHANGE IN COMMAND WASHINGTON. Sept. 9. <UR> — Marine Lieutenant-General Holland M. Smith, commanding general of the Saipan operation, said today that "circumstances forced me" to relieve army Major-General Ralph Smith from his post as commander of the army ground forces on Saipan. "As you well know," the marine general said today, "one of tho many prerogatives and responsibilities of a commanding officer operating under principles of unity of command is the assignment and transfer of officers commanding subordinate elements In any operation. 'Unfortunately, the circumstances forced me to exercise one of these prerogatives and 1 did relieve Major- General Ralph Smith." Smith declined to elaborate further upon his statement. "I am not given to passing the buck." he said, but as you seek details concerning this incident, I remind you that General Smith is an army officer and I must refer you to tho war department." The war department, however, refused to comment on the incident, referring inquiries back to the navy department on ground that it was in charge of that theater. Army General Smith, a native of Omaha, Neb., was in command of the army forces on Saipan. No announcement has been made that he had been relieved. Rumors of a. clash between the two generals have been heard since the Saipan operation, however. ROKUED OP $','0,000 SAX PEDRO. Sept. il. (^P)—Harry Mednick, operator of a market here, reported to police that two men forced him into his car yesterday, drove him a short distance and robbed him of $20,000 he had drawn from a bank to cash payroll checks. Quebec Prepares for Visit News Correspondents, Cameramen Arrive for F. R., Churchill Talks QUEBEC, Sept. 9.—Quebec oily will be the scene of the next meeting between Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Roosevelt at a dale yet to be decided. The two leaders, who have not met since they were at Teheran last November, will plan the conquest of Japan as well as the final phases of the European wnr. Quebec was thrilled to have the two lenders here n year ago find «rent preparations are {toinp.- forward in expectation of the forthcoming meeting. News correspondents and camera men ait here in force and the great Chateau Frontenac with Its SOO rooms has been taken over in Ha entirety for the official delegates. The other hotels, the Clarendon and Chateau St. Louis, have been taken over for correspondents, camei'amen and radio correspondents. During the course of their forthcoming discussions, it is quite possible that the liberation of France, Belgium and the Netherlands may be completed and possibly the capitulation of Germany may be announced. ROOSEVELT CONFERS WITH DIPLOMATS WASHINGTON, Sept. 9. UP)— In apparent preparation for another war meeting with Prime Minister Churchill in Quebec, President Roosevelt conferred today with key diplomatic and economic advisers, and also saw the British ambassador, the Earl of Halifax. For the third time this week, Mr. Roosevelt received a three-member cabinet committee named to study war-created economic problems. The members are Secretary of State Hull, Secretary of War Stimson and Secretary of the Treasury Morgenth.au. Another White House conference Continued on Time Two ENGLAND Thome* R. Liege (•Aachen — ; Abbeville report Amiens FRANCE BASEBALL NATIONAL LEAGUE At New York— P.. H. E. BOSTON li 12 1 NEW YORK 4 !) 0 Batteries: Tobin and Masi: Feld- II. II. man. Allen (»). Fischer (X) Adams (!)) and Lombard!. At Cincinnati— 1'ITTSBt'RGH 2 CINCINNATI I! Batteries: Sewell and Shoun and Mueller. K. 7 0 fi 1 Lopez; AMERICAN LEAGUE At Boston— R. II. E. NEW YORK 1 5 1 BOSTON 7 12 0 Batteries: Bonham, Zuber (7) and M. Garbark; Cecil and Partee. State Has $165,000,000 for Postwar Works, Says Warren SACRAMENTO, Sept. 9. UP)— California, anxious to avoid even transitory unemployment, has $165000,000 earmarked for postwar public works and a jobless insurance cushion of $500,000,000. Governor Earl Warren said today. He called for California businessmen to face postwar problems realistically, for "as practical men, we cannot overlook I he probability that dislocations will accompany the turn from war to peace." This jobless insurance fund would dissolve quickly after (he war, the governor warned, "if we were to content ourselves with a defeatist program based on the assumption of widespread and long-continued unemployment In our state." 218,000 Nut Covered Addressing an Admission Day breakfast meeting of directors of the state chamber ot commerce and the state agricultural society. Warren said that 213,000 federal employee In California, for example, are not covered by such assistance and their work will largely end when peace comes. Federal aid is being sought for such cases, he said. The postwar public works fund, called the Postwar Unemployment Reserve, was created, the governor explained, "in order to supplement tho efforts of business, labor and agriculture—in order to provide a stabilizing program within the framework of state government. Revenues Conserved "In the development of this program, the state legislature and the governor have worked harmoniously and upon the theory that high state revenues, during a period of wartime activity, should be carefully conserved for use when business and the workers will need it mont." Aside from the $165,000,000 accumulated for general postwar construction, the reserve haft a further sum of $80,000,000 earmarked particularly for highway work. Warren said such building and highway construction thus made possible should provide "not only "& timely stimulus for business activity and employment in California, but also those useful public facilities that will make our state a more workable place for its industries, a more humane place for its unfortunate, and a more livable place for all its people." Pattern's Men in Breakout Fight Along Moselle Third Army Starts First Full-Speed Scale Bottle Since Normandy; German Deplete Homeland of Reserves to Bolster Menaced Defense Line —Callfoinlun-NEA Toleplioto YANKS CLOSE IN ON GERMANY—Aineyleiin fighting men plunged to wllhin"artmery range"of Germany's Siegfried Line around the Cierman city of Aachen, in a drive of the United States First Army in Belgium beyond captured TJege to less than 18 miles from the Reichland. The Third Army had crossed the Moselle river in five places around Metz and Nancy, crushing a large-scale Nazi counterattack. Diver Drowns in Kern River "GoldWalk" AIR PUMP MOTOR RUNS OUT OF FUEL; L A. MAN FREAK MISHAP VICTIM A walk along the bottom of Kern river in a diver's suit in search of gold today had cost the life of a Los -Angeles prospector who had employed this novel method to extract riches from the earth. Piospector William .Jerra. 51, 437 Hellman building, Los Angeles, drowned Friday at 2 p. m. when the air supply was cut off to the diving suit he was using while digging for gold in the bed of Kern river nea>- Isabella, according to reports from the coroner's office. Frank Farrell and David Sutton, 11, both or Low Angeleu. who were on the bank manning a gas engine furnishing air to Jerra, who was as a depth of 20 feet, said that they were carrying on a conversation with him, when he suddenly stopped talking and they noticed a mass of bubbles rising to the surface. Air pressure in the pump, which was out of fuel, had gone down, and Jerra had apparently tried to get back to his ladder when water seeped inU> his helmet. Rescuers were unable to lift him from the water until an hour later because only his aii- line and a thin sash were attached to the suit The victim had been panning for gold in that region foi years and had been at the river for three weeks at the time of the accident. He and his companions were camping 2 miles up the river. The body is at Doughty-Calhoun- O'Meara Chape). cap- con- DEWEY CALLS FOR FAST WORK ON FORCE-VflELDINGjECURITY LEAGUE REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE TRAVELS TO MICHIGAN FOR CONFERENCES WITH KELLY BY JACK BELL I.AXSIXG. MICH.. Sept. !». (JP) —Governor Thomas K. Dewey said today that Secretary of State Hvill had to keep John Foster Dulles, Dewoy's foreign affairs deputy, fully informed of all negotiations toward nnplying sanctions on defeated Axis powers, us well as LONDON, Sept. 9. GP)—American forces poised for a killing blow at the Siegfried Line smashed the heaviest counterattack the Germans have mustered since the battle of Normandy today while the British Second Army beat to pieces a last-hope German attempt to break out of the coastal entrapment between Lille and Gent in Belgium. The Germans were desperately rallying reinforcements and fighting with bitter determination in these preliminaries to the battle of Germany. Lieutenant - General George S. Pulton's Third Army nlong the Moselle wns becoming engaged in the first full scale battle since the original Amerieim breakout of Normandy .July 2.". In the iiorMi Hie British drove another bridgehead across the Albert canal some 25 miles east of Ant- SHIPS, PLANES BAHERJALAU NEW ASSAULTS LASH MAJOR JAPAN BASE The Voice" Is Thought With Movies PICTURES, PEOPLE IN THEM "STINK," FRANKIE DECLARES VON KIAOE 1>EAI> LONDON, Sept. ». (XI— A tured German general has firmed reports that Field Marshal General Guenther von Kluge is dead, and that Field Marshr! General Krwin Rommel has been wounded seriously. A Reuters report from the British Second Army front said tonight. DOCTOR SI ICIIJES GLENDALE, Sept. !). (&)— Dr. Mark Smith, 7,'i, a heart specialist, was found shot to death In bis family garage today. Police said he left a note declaring the pain of a heart ailment had become unbearable. . . "I am old and able to do little and there are others to take my place," it added. PILOT PARACHLTES An unidentified army pilot parachuted to safety today at 11:15 when his fighter-type aircraft caught fire and crashed one- fourth of a mile west of Lerdo School and one mile south of Shatter Road, according to the operations officer at Kern county airport. The plane was on a lest flight. I. HOLLYWOOD, Kept. ',). (UP) — Frank Sinatra will no longer have the bobby sox brigade swooning In movie theater isles. From now on they'll swoon and sign in their own homes by their radios. The voice is through with the movies, he announced today in no uncertain terms. "Pictures stink. Most of the people in them do ton," Fninkle, who is now finishing his third movie, declared in the second emancipation proclamation of his startling career. The big-eared crooner, whose off-key groans have earned him a sizeable fortune in radio and in the movies, asserted his independence the first time when he declared himself free from Maestro Tommy Dorsey, the genial gentleman of swing. State Draft Policy Declared "Lenient" SACRAMKNTO, Sept. fl. (U.P.I — A state selective service directive of | last .Vay instructing local draft : I boards to follow a "lenient" policy I In deciding deferments of 1-A men over :;« years old may be emphasized next week, selective service officials | indicated today. A decision in expected when Colonel Kenneth H. Leltch returns to Sacramento Monday and probably will be based on a statement made in Washington yesterday indicating draff requirements will be "pretty generally" filled by 1-A men under 26 and men reaching age IX, the officers said. ,A "lenient" policy of granting occupational deferments to men over ' 2C, "and particularly those over 2!i," is In effect In California now, they added. It is "highly probable," a spokesman said, that local draft boards "will very carefully look over their 1-As over 20 years of age." discussions of a projected international peace organization. in a news conference on his return to his native sliilt'. the Republican presidential nominee said he was not Informed what question* will be discussed by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill of Great Britain at a forthcoming meeting in Quebec. Dewey remarked that the announcement of the meeting plans seemed to have been delayed until after he made public the itinerary for his current campaign speaking tour. Reporters wanted to know If Dewey felt there was any "political connotation" to the fact that the Quebec meeting will b<> held while he is on his tour. Dewey declined to elaborate on lhat point. The G. O. 1'. nominee, who urged in a Louisville speech last night the speedy formation of an international security organization armed with force to prevent future wars, said lhat il was the undf'rstandins bc- werp. Associated Press Correspondent Wes Gallagher, with Pulton's forces, declared the scale and weight of the counterattack the Nazis nad launched through Thionvllle indicated the German Army had succeeded in pulling together enough forces for a determined stand. This attack apparently was intended to catch the Third Army's flank and break through to the real- west of the Moselle river and perhaps attempt to split the Third Army front from the First United States Army's line north through the Ardennes forest. Involved in ,the heavy fighting, within heavy artillery range of the Siegfried line in the Aacher sector, was the biggest American fighting force ever assembled on a foreign continent. Na/i* Bolster Lines The Germans were reported depleting the Reich of reserves to bolster the menaced Seigl'ried line—putting all their eggs in one basket, just as in Normandy where they staked all and lost on the Caen-St. Lo line. Gallagher told how American Black Widow night fighters were ranging into the Reicli smashing convoys rushing troops across the Rhine. The Germans were reported scraping together garrison forces, training battalions and anything else available until it was doubtful whether there were now five field force division in the whole of inter- WASHINGTOX, Sept. 0. OP—Battleships and carrier-based planes joined Wednesday in battering enemy positions on Palau in what could be tt prelude to still heavier assaults on that major Japanese base. Shells from the guns of cruisers and destroyers blasted numerous buildings and defense installations on islands in the Palau group, about 600 miles east of the Philippines. Large fires were started on An- gaur, southernmost island in the Palau group. Supply dumps were blown up by direct hits of bombs from carrier-based planes. Other bombs from the attack planes blasted communications facilities at Pelellu island. On Koror, large fires were started and on Arkabesan. site of an enemy air field, a radio station and fuel dump were hit. Only meager anti-aircraft fire was offered by the Japanese as opposition, a Pacific fleet release stated. There was no damage to the surface ships standing offshore to pour in their big shells. ; The release also reported fresh at? tacks on the Volcano and Son is> land groups—between 500 and 70fr miles from Japan. T" At Iwo Jl-.na on Wednesday and Thursday, big Army bombers hit air fields, starting several fires and encountering only moderate anti-aircraft fire. One of four enemy fighter planes in the air on Thursday probably was destroy-d. At Chichi .lima, in the Bonin islands, other Liberator bombers damaged an enemy cargo ship found in the harbor there. On the same day rocket and machlnegun fire from | twceii Hull and Dulles that all In- 1 formation on matters bearing on heart of the Reich barren of defense once a real breakthrough was made — just as was France when the Allies In the north smashed Into the open five weeks ago. For that breakthrough General Dwight D. Elsenhower's great battle team was moving into final as- puiiishnKMit to be meted out to the I sault positions —under a security Axis powers would be made avail- ! blackout of news—along 400 miles • able to Dulles. of the German frontier at key points | When a reporter asked if I lewey i ranging from 1"> to 2.1 miles In front I thought he should be Informed of j of , n(1 Siegfried line. j military strategic decisions because I he may become president next Janu i ary SO, the nominee replied: such organization and on any j "It's to be hoped that thr> German i week, which curried the fight to the , war will be over long before the next j German border: i administration lakes over on Janu- ; The Canadians pushed SO miles up | (.'onr imied on I'HKP Two I Continued on Page Two lor Germany. The sapping of strate- j Alm , rk ,. tn p i ane s was turned on • reserve strength would leave the j (,.,£.,„ is i and j n the northern part ot the Marianas island group. Other attacks by American air forces, the navy, said, included strikes at Moen airfields in the Truk atoll and against enemy positions isolated in the Marshall islands and Nauru island south of the Carolinas. Hard new air stabs in Japan's vital Celebes and Halmahera fortresses below the Invasion-menaced [ Philippine:; were reported today i from Tokyo. | Tho enemy report said 60 biff | bombers with fighter escort hit Cams of Week j M;m;ul(1 , northern Celebes, Thurs- These were the Allied gains of the j ,| a y. on the same day Liberators, Continued on Page Two French Sweep 31 Miles in Day; Yanks Resume Advance Ity ELEANOR PACKARD ieil Prrtf War Cnrrwponrtent ROM 10. Sept. !'. — French In nips of i the site of tile Schneider Iron ami the Seventh Ar.ny, advancing :!1 I engineering works, the largest muni- iiiilcs in one day, swept up the lions plant In France. Le Creusot, Franco-Swiss frontier to within less i with a population of 27,000, Is '^1 than !',"< miles of Bell'ort today while American forces broke through Nazi opposition at Besan- on and resumed their advance toward that gateway to Germany. (An Algiers broadcast, reported by London newspapers, said Allied troops were within il miles of Belfort while the Vichy radio added that the rumble of guns could be heard in Switzerland.) Stepped lp Attacks (A Berlin military spokesman also reported that American forces had "considerably" stepped up the intensity of their attacks "In the area of Belfort Gap."> One unit occupied the town of Beaune, L'L' miles southwest of Dijon, while the other captured le Creusol, miles due west of Chalon. On the eastern fringe of France, the communique said both American and French forces were inflicting "new hard blows" on the remnants of the German Nineteenth Army retreating rapidly toward the Belfort Pass. The American troops, who captured Besancon, were driving northeastward along the main highway and the Rhone-Rhine canal Ho Bei- fort, while the French were striking due north on a line paralelling the Swiss border. Another force cf French troops. moving up the Saone valley, battered through stubborn German rear guard defenses north of Chalon after Continued on Pag* Two Index to Advertisers Page Abrams. Dr. R. F 2 Amateur Boxing 3 Arvin Theater.. „ 8 Beardsley Dance 6 Booth's 2 Brock's 2 Citizens Laundiy S Clawson, L. H. Co 2 Culllton. John W S Dr. Dayman's Animal Hospital 2 Dornmii Photo 2 Kl Patio Pavilion fi Faith Tabernacle 4 Firestone Stores 3 First Southern Baptist , 5 FIick(nger-Digier 11 Fox Theaters „ 6 Full Gospel Tabernacle 5 Granada Theater « Ivers Furniture 8 KERN S Kern Materials Co 3 Kimball & Stone S La Granada Ballroom Lim, T Phillips Music Co „..„.. Rlalto Theater _ —, River Theater ........ Rolling Hills Academy The Barn „,.—. Union Avenue Dance Union Cemetery .T, It Virginia Theater „ <

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