The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 8, 1944 · Page 16
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 16

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Fridoy, September 8, 1944 ^tutorial $age of Cfjr Pafcersftelb Calif or man ALFRED H A R R E L L EDITOR iND PUBL1BHII Entered In post office at Bafcerffield. California, a- second class mail under the act of Conpress .Marrh 3, 1 s '•'• MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled I" the M"- - nr t "' llill . r "; tlon of all news dispatches creditcii in it or i»>t niheiwise <ien ieu In this paper, and also the local nru* r.ut.Mslu'djr'eie.n. Th* Bakersfield ralifornian is alsr. n ri;ent "f i'" I'nitc'.! 1'icss and receives its roml'lcu " " p !-d vl ' r REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co . I Tork. Chiracn, San 1 •'lanr!)" Seattle. Portland, iv '•'••' Anscies. WASHINGTON. P f . nriir. V The Haskrn Service. \Vasli.I'cun . I' C. WHAT CHINA NEEDS D ONALD M. Nr.Lsox. \Y;ir Production Board chairman in China on a special mission for President Roosevelt, said during an interview at Chungking that lie will meet with Generalissimo Chiang and other Chinese olli- cials to "learn China's needs now and in the future." Mr. Nelson could have obtained the answer to that question from almost anyone right here at home- anyone who has been following the war in China. What the Chinese need arc: Planes, tanks, soldiers, rifles, ma- ehincguns. submachine guns, ammunition. artillery, mortars and, above all. men and food for the men. Those are the things that China needs to defeat the Japanese and the more quantity the better. That, if we arc not mistaken, is what Generalissimo Chiang will tell Mr. Nelson. It seems that there is no mystery about*it all. During the interview, at which General Stihvell was present, Mr. Nelson asked the General if it were all right to mention his mission concerned with the economic aspect and General Stihvell said he thought his remarks "certainly should be on the (newspaper) record." Many persons in the United States, bow- ever, may regard Mr. Nelson's trip and his appointment to the mission as an outgrowth of the WPB quarrel and the President's order taking Mr. Nelson out of the United States as one way of terminating the issue, at least for the time being. We are sure, however, that the Chinese will be very glad to tell Mr. Nelson and Major-General Patrick Hurley their needs and thai the Chinese will hope for some considerable aid in pursuing the war when the European theater subsides in the defeat of Hitler. Generals Stihvell and Claire Chcnnault, and the Chinese, have by their dogged fighting against the Japanese elicited the profound admiration and respect of the world. They have made the most of what they have had at the lime and the place and what they have had has been very little, indeed, at times, but they arc men of great spirit and courage and this holds true for the common soldiers lighting with them. DRAFT POLICIES B ARRING military reverses of a very serious nature, it will be possible to maintain the armed forces at a strength approximating 11,500,000 without having recourse to any drastic changes in current draft policies, according to testimony of Colonel Frances V. Keesling, Jr., before the Senate and House military committees. This is interpreted to mean that few men past the age of 2(5 will be drafted during the rest of the year. During last month il is reported that more than 80 per cent of the men drafted were between 18 and 20 years of age. It was reported by the Associated Press that some members of the House Military Committee believe thai 2,000,000 more men were inducted inlo the services than were necessary. Of course, the nicely complex problem of determining how many men were necessary for the armed services was a different problem a year ago from the one now confronting our victorious armies in Europe. The Army should not be blamed for having tried to be well prepared rather than inadequately manned with too limited forces. BAKERSFIELD ART truth. When (he age of Bakersfield is considered, its youth as a city compared with ancient arl centers, the fact that Bakersficld has already cslahlislicd an arl group is encouraging, if not precocious. Xo city or nation evokes a great art overnight. Good art is nurtured in time and developed in urhanc surroundings. Bakersfield is becoming a cily, a fine one, and its art will develop under the impetus of such persons now constituting the local association. Traditions with youth are anomalous. Give Bakersfield a little time and it will learn of art. The seeds have been sown here and the California soil that feeds half the nation, including artists, will nurture them, too. In the meantime, il would be a good thing for those ink-rested in arl to investigate and join the local association which is a fine piece of civic enterprise and worthy of every encouragement. GOERING F REDEIUC TAL-UES, who is described to us as an eminent artist, in bis recent book entitled "Studio Secrets," writes: "The painter should live with the greal works of the past, for arl breeds art. A Louvre alone will become a breeding place of art for such an environment will stimulate talent and produce a painter. I have not yet heard of an arl grown in Belgrade, or La Plata or in Timbuclu, or in Bakersfield, California." This quotation is from Mr. Taubes' chapter on the "Education of a Painter." This summer Bakersfield has formed an art association here and "life classes" are being conducted regularly, with landscape and still life.groups being projected for Ihe near future. The association has evoked considerable interest and, what is more important, the interest has had a postive manifestation in the active participation of local artists and •persons interested in art. * There is a certain amount of patronage in Mr. Taubes' statement and a modicum of I T n\s been reported thai Gocring has been relieved of the command of the Luftwaffe and that this duty has been given over lo "parly"' officers. The report was forwarded lo this country upon what purported to be good authority. Goer-ing's demotion from authority is reported lo have followed his attempt to intervene, probably during the "late unpleasantness'' involving an attempt on Hitler's life, with orders affecting high Wehrmacht officers taken over by the Gestapo. Goering, who was a daring German fighter pilot in the first World War, but would, at Ibis time, require a four-motored bomber to gel him off the ground because of his obesity, is also remembered as the man assuring the German people that Berlin would never be bombed—that the German Luftwaffe would shoot down every plane attempting such indignity on the borders of the Reich. Apparently Hitler is no longer able to get along with the men who rose lo power will) him. Goering, after all, belonged to a caste deemed superior to the beer-hall thugs constituting the original cadre of the Nazi parly. Goering, through showing some loyally to his own kind, members of the Wchr- machl, has finally incurred the disfavor of his chief. Despite Hie type and caste of the man Goering, an unsavory character if ever there was one, it is doubtful if Hitler has any air commander of sufficient ability to do the Nazi cause much good. The German air corps commander of Falstaffian proportions is now in the "doghouse" at Karinhalle and his days of dubious glory are waning though his porcine figure has lot nothing of its oiginal massive repcllancc. The passing of Goering will evoke no tears in Ihe civilized world, and few in Germany, it seems reasonable lo assume. STORY TRANSMISSION Tke W, TodL EDITOR S NOTK—1,'ntll m«;h timo ns Krnie P.vle's culumn is rexuined following hiH varalion, this space will be used for war feftlnre stories. By HAL BOYLE I'AKIS, Aug. L'S. (Delayed) (JP>— .Some things the troops will never forget about the first time they saw Paris: That little old white-haired French lady who went abuut the streets carrying a stepladder. Whenever she came across a parked jeep she set up the ladder, climbed up to the third .step and kissed the boys sitting in the back seats. The panic and fpar among spectators when France's great liberation parade, led by General De Gaulle, erupted in mass outbursts of shooting during which wild firing by Patriots caused more casualties than .snipers. How surprised they were to see less evidence of suffering and hunger on the countenances of the ex- citeable Parisians than they remom- he did in winning all his fights before or since, looking 10 years younger than the 50 he owns to. . . . "You look so much smaller than we thought you were, Mister Carpen- ticr," a WAC lieutenant told him, and he replied with a Gallic shrug, "I never weighed more than 167 pounds in the ring. That's something a lot of people never remember." How grateful Parisians were for gifts of candy, cigarets or K-rations, and the heartwarming way they had of thanking you. The fierceness of F. F. I. fighters, some no older than 13, and the way they tore around town (H) miles an hour in tiny black cars, bareheaded, waving a rifle in one hand and making the "V" signal with the other. . . . That pistol packing mama—a tall, stately blonde with a walk like Mae West, who always carried two lived up to every man's expectations as the most lovely city in the world. And its daughters, too, were the lost beautiful in France, especially I'ter Normandy's muscled sisters, iany of whom are patterned after !ifii' own native, bulky hedgerows-. O M: of the most exasperated fellows in the world is the newspaperman with a good story and no way to transmit it to his newspaper. We have heard a lot of boasting about the marvels of modern science, and particularly communications, including television, but to all of this sort of thing newspapermen recently said "Nuts," and worse, for in the liberation of Paris the provisions made by the Army to transmit news messages to the outside world were "hopelessly inadequate." They were worse than that— they were maddening to many correspondents. The Army is proud of its communications system, but don't mention this pride to newspapermen covering the liberation of France. Correspondents compared the Army's poor job in this matter to "pulling a message inlo a bolllc and casting it into the English channel." Don't boast to the newspapermen about (lie Army's communications system—they prefer the old Indian method of a blanket and smoke signals, because it's quicker and more certain. INDIA AFFAIR S i;ciu:TAny or STATE COKOELL HULL has denied that the British government has requested recall of \yilliam Phillips, an attache of the President at London, because he had urged freedom of India. Mr. Phillips came into prominence by making an effort to gather data relevant to the Indian situation. It was reported thai he was not permitted to see either Gandhi or Nehru. As a result of his reports, he was reported persona non grata by the British But this week we have Mr. Hull's formal denial thai England has asked for the rec.il of the President's representative. Mr. Hul said Phillips has decided to return to tin: country for "personal reasons." In the middle of a war, with Japan waiting and eager to take over India, indeed, having made a very serious attempt to do so, it seems hardly opportune to go into the freedom of India discussion any more than i would have been relevant for the Unitec Stales to have withdrawn from the Philippines just before Pearl Harbor or immediately thereafter. bored seeing on the less mobile faces K uns and a potato masher grenade of the English across the channel, j in her belt. . . . The town itself, with its wide avenues, flaunting colors, historic buildings and monuments, bowled them over with its beauty. . . . Paris Andy Tully. correspondent for the Boston Traveler, always will remember the first meal he ate in Paris-. Chocolate and champagne. The Values seemed all cockeyed. . . . 'itlzcns wanted $12 for a bottle of ogtiMc. but would trade it gladly jr five measly packages of cigarets. . . They asked you $10 at restiui- ants for a meal you could eat for 0 cents back home, but for two ucks you could get n bottle of per- ume your girl back in the States oulrln't duplicate for $30. Georges Carpentier, who won mnre ame losing to Jack Dempsey than army supplied the ration chocolate and Andy's hotel furnished the champagne to wash it down, with the manager apologizing because he had no coffee to serve. Two army nurses, Lieutenants Martha Meers of Pineville, Mo., and Muriel Olson, Brandon, Minn., know they won't forget the time the restaurateur kissed their hand. ... "I was surprised when lie did that." said Lieutenant Meers*. "I really felt we were getting close to the continent." Said Lieutenant Olson: "F just felt like I was embarrassed." The same restaurateur graciously presented their table with a $.10 check for one meal and a small bottle of wine. Jnl olJ d t> © 1 y w OO 1 -(By ERSKLNE JOHNSON)- ta m n Hollywood Scenarist Frank Gru- ipr writes screen plays now like The Mask of Dimitrios," "The Conspirators" and "Northern Pursuit" md the Johnny Fletcher mystery novels. But some day lie is going to write a movie about pitchmen, those pellbinders of the carnival circuits, ihc sidewalks and the farmyards wh:> can sell anything. Gruber is the country's No. 1 authority on these checker-suited .gents who annually wrest millions of dol- ars from gullible Americans. As a former editor of farm journals nnd a variety of trade papers ill the way from "The Turkey World" to one for owners of slot machines, Gruber met and knew the best pitchmen in the business. Since then he has collected pitchmen lore ns a hobby. He is full of stories. bound gent to escort him back to his hotel room every evening Then there was Joe. At least Gruber called him Joe. He made a for tune with the vanilla extract deal. 1'is customers were farmers. But he also threew in. for free, a bottle of lemon extract and a shiny chicken fryer. "At the unheard-of price of only 99 cents," Joe said. Joe made SO cents on every deal. The chicken fryer cost him 17 cents from a wholesale house in Chicago. He paid a cent and n half for the bottles, and a half cent for the vanilla and lemon extract From tke Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dale. 1930 United States Coast Guard officials today said that 360 persons on the burning luxury liner "Morro Castle" had been saved up to 5 p .m. Reports of a possible reconciliation between King Carol of Rumania and Princess Helen, his former wife, are being circulated. Madame Magda Lupescu, King Carol's friend, is said to have urged his majesty to agree to such a truce. The reconciliation is being urged, it is rumored, by Queen Marie who was responsible for Carol's marriage to Helen. Completing a trip of 8400 miles, Peter Gardett and Phil White, arrived home this week from the east. They visited Grand Canyon, Washington, D. C., New York, Niagara, Chicago, Salt Lake City and other points of interest. Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Ross, 1300 Quincy street, who at the age of 83 years Monday will celebrate their sixty-third wedding anniversary, head a family of 5 generations comprised of 135 persons. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Callforniiin. this date. 1924) Mrs. Burr Willard and little son, George Veon Willard, have concluded a summer vacation at Long Beach and are now at Lebec for a fortnight. A spare tire was taken last night from the automobile belonging to E. C. Smoot. Secretary of Navy Curtis B. Wilbur will be a Bakersfield visitor Wednesday. He will breakfast at Tegeler hotel, going immediately to the naval oil reserves in Eilk Hills. William "Kid" Booker, local boxer, narrowly escaped injury this morning when his car collided with that of an unknown woman according to a report at police station. The Campietrina, charged with the upkeep of the gigantic Michelangelo dome of St. Peter's, declare it perfectly safe and good for another 200 years. Lik; the story of a gent we will call Bill. Bill invaded Florida during the real estate boom and left for places unknown two months later with «8000. Arriving in Florida, Bill noticed hundreds of out-of-state automoibles and discovered their owners had to get Florida driving permits from the motor vehicle department. With a little bribery, our friend set up a table on the sidewalk just outside the office where the permits were issued. As the people filed out, Bill yelled, "Right this way, please." On Bill's table were a stack of Florida road maps and a big rubber stamp. He stamped the date on a road map, handed it to the unsuspecting motorist and said, "That will be $-, please." The motorists, thinking it was all very official, handed over their $2 so fast Bill had to hire a muscle- Oruber knew many spectacle men. They were sheet writers, selling subscriptions to farm journals. Their stamping grounds were carnivals and state and county fairs. A fellow named Kerr was one of the best. Kerr's routine was to pick out a likely customer, usually an aged farmer or his wife, and rush up to him with a "Wait a minute, brother." Then, waving the farm journal before his eyes, Kerr would say, "Can you read that type, brother'.'" Kerr, of course, waved the paper around so fast the farmer couldn't have read anything on it even in letters a foot high When the farmer admitted he couldn't, Kerr threw a pair of spectacles on his nose. "And 1 mean threw," Oruber said. "He practiced for hours. He could throw a pair of those spectacles right on a farmer's nose from a distance of three feet." "Now can you read It?" Kerr grinned, holding the paper still. The farmer peered through the glasses and had to admit ho could. By giving the old boy the spectacles free, Kerr usually got a subscription. The spectacles, of course, were just ordinary glasses. igliliglnts in New Books Two or three matters distinguish the new naval history being published this week by Carroll Storrs Alden and Allan AVeslcott under the chaste title, "The I'nited States Navy." The first of them is the fact that the authors have done all they could lo relate the navy to American life. The old habit was to assume that the navy was a kind of orchid, existing parasitical!)' and outside the American frame. Whether we like it or not, it has its political relationships and it is directly affected by trade considerations with other nations, by the condition of our diplomatic policies if any, and even by the internal conditions of the United •States, The irresponsible handling of the navy by Congress and the executive department in the 'twenties is a perfect example of this last. The second basic idea tho authors have had in mind is that of naval co-operation with the other services. For some odd reason, it seems to be assumed by much of the publi« and even by some alleged experts, that combined operations are shining examples of our brilliance in this war. They are by no means so—just as an example, there are Grant's campaigns on the Mississippi, the Cumberland and the Tennessee in the early years of the. War Between the States. Grant not only made use of water-borne forts, transports, and such. He used them precisely as they are being used today, which is to say as units of a striking force, carefully integrated, working on meticulously adjusted schedules. He also used them with superb success. Messrs. Alden and Westcott have had to keep their text concise, and have left out a few of the standard anecdotes and such like. What they have clone is to write in the background of our various campaigns from Revolutionary days to the present, and to'bridge the gaps between the campaigns with the equally fascinating story of Amercia's development of naval tactics and naval efficiency. This is a very useful book. N ews .d €lke News -(Bv PAUL MALLONy- TII1RTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dale. 1914) Dr. Alexis Carrel is now in charge of the ambulance service in connection with treatment of the wounded of the war at Lyons, France. Mrs. H. A. Jastro and Mrs. Maxwell of Boston are visiting at Democrat Hot Springs. Mrs. F. J. Gundry and son, Francis, are hoffie after spending several weeks at San Francisco. President Wilson is opposing an increase in the income tax. The French fortress of Maubeuge is expected lo fall hourly. When this happens, the Germans will take a arge number of prisoners. The Germans are in headlong rush toward Paris nnd are being checked and re pulsed by the Allies. Emperor William is protesting against use by the British of dumdum bullets and against the participation of the Belgian population in the war. The Kaiser expresses regret at the destruction of Louvain and other interesting places, by his generals. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1904) Property valued at $200,000 was wiped out by the fine here this week. The loss was partly covered by insurance. Principal losers are W. H. Harrison. Thomas O'Brien, Mrs. Samuel Halley, R. McDonald, Windsor hotel, F. M. Clark, Clemente Borsi, John Leninger, Sam Hop, Choo Li, Hong Hing, Kim Lee, Withington estates, Charles Cohen, George Hessick. J. J. Mack and J. M. Key and Reich's Opera House. J. M. Jameson and party consisting of Misses Virginia. Lois and Edna Jameson, and Mrs. Landers returned from Mt. Whitney last evening. Mrs. Alfred Harrell and daughter, are back from their vacation. J. C. Black has purchased C. W. Hartman's interest in Bakersfield Fruit and Poultry Company. Sam Potts and family are moving into the house on K street vacated by Mr. and Mrs. Al Risdon. WASHINGTON, Sept. 8.—The res- .oration of common-sense teaching n the schools is proceeding so swiftly (and so silently) the general public is not aware of it. With the least possible advertising and a minimum acknowledgement of error nationally, the teaching trends of more than a decade are being widely revised. The false philosophies of progressive education which corrupted the youths and encouraged juvenile delinquency • with laxity of discipline, are being corrected, in the east, at least, where all these trends and swings originate. Do you remember, for instance, the column published May 10? It set forth the ideas of a junior high school principal In Philadelphia, who wanted to teach romantic love to 15-year-old children in special classes on sex hygiene (the lady herself being a Miss.) I do not know how she made out with her plan, disclosed in an article In the Philadelphia Teachers Association news letter of April, which said the teachers must lead the gradual emancipation of children from their parents and become "mother substitutes." But Washington school authorities have .lust announced they are dropping their class in sexual education entirely. Although it never went as far as romantic love nnd ran only three weeks of the year, it was unanimously conceded a complete failure. "The boys and girls either laughed or were scared to death," says a wise surgeon and physician member of the board of education, Dr. James A. Gannon. Apparently Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Richmond are taking similar action. Only New York of the five seaboard cities checked by Dr. Gannon will stick to sex educa tion this fall. They had the same experience as Washington, he says: "Teachers as a rule are not tern peramentally fitted or competent to give sex instructions. Our experi mental session became a circus for the students and an Impossible situ atlon for the teachers. You might think physician teachers would be satisfactory, but they are not, be cause they talk over the heads of children. "We will dispense with the sex classes which were a part of the physical instruction course and hereafter teachers will merely answer questions as these arise, and furnish in the regular courses, such as biology, such moderate information as is constructive, non-controversial and helpful." Thus are the views expressed in this column May 30 becoming pro- vailing and more popular. (The idea that human thought is far from perfection on the sex subject, that no one is competent to teach sex which Is such a highly personal and individual problem, not even psychiatrists have yet accepted an agree<t course and no two members of any board of education have precisely the same attitude toward sex.) But these views were not popular then. In Boston they were espec* lally criticized. A professor of human relations in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology wrote ma that frank sex instructions had reduced stealing in AVisconsin and said: "Sex is being taught In the schools with great success." He was so obviously wrong as to make a. reply unwarranted. If you could cure stealing with sex instruction, the education should not be limited to 15-year-olds. The truth is a case history of the ,. sex lives of these progressive educators would probably show them not only incompetent to teach others, but even to handle their own adulthood without divorce or other ex- - treme difficulties, which would make them about average. One physician tells me 90 per cent of his adult cases are founded in similar tacts of life. They had better first reach perfection themselves —or at least agree on a common doctrine—before undertaking to impose their Ideas on others. It seems Boston is thinking, taking hold, and acting, and not in the way of the radicals. On August 8 the business manager for the Boston school committee said discipline in the schools there was "terrible," demanding correction to cure laxities. August 10 headlines in Boston papers, told of a teacher who hired a large boy in her class at 10 cents a day to maintain order because she could not. August 11: "Teachers are afraid to tell the truth against the evil system, fear lo lose their jobs; blame superintendents." All this developed from investigation of the causes of juvenile delinquency, originally traced by this column to laxity or discipline in school, home and church. The progressive revolution in education, treating children as "poor dears" to be coddled against using their brains for freedom of expression, against restraint and subjecting them only to pleasant sightseeing education, weekly draws nearer its close. (World copyriclit. 1541. l» Kmu Fraluipn Syndicate, 1m:. All riulus teservccl. Iteoroduction In full or ID part strictly prohibited.) VV a sluing ion O o 1 o. in n. & -(By PETER EDSON)- uaestions ano. Answers Q. W-hen did nylon hosiery first appear on the market?—O. A. U. A. Women's stockings, of nylon yarn, displayed publicly for the first time at the San Francisco World's Fair. 1939, were put on public sale for the first time in October, 1939. Distribution was limited to a few retail stores in Wilmington, Del., until May lu, 1940, when they were placed on sale throughout the country. Q. What Is the price of a package of cigarettes in Great Britain?— P. L. D. A. A popular brand of cigarette sells for "s. 4d. per package of 20. This is the same as 48 cents in our money. The increase of 26 cents over the prewar price is due to taxation. Q. When will television sets be available to the general public?— R. L. R. A. New television sets probably will be available within six months after peace is declared In Europe. Several thousand seta were distributed before the war by five manufacturers. v Q. Is V-mail from a civilian in the United States to a soldier on foreign duty censored?—C. M. A. A. Authorities consulted say that If something written on V-mail did not pass the censors the offending words would be cut out and would not be photographed. Q. What Britislr'novelist spent a year cruising around the world in a sailing vessel with Joseph Conrad?— F. F. A. A. John Galsworthy cruised around the world with Joseph Conrad. During the Journey Galsworthy wrote stories, consigning them to the waves on Conrad's advice but by the end of the cruise he had learned to write. Q. What Is the largest single commodity shipped by rail In the United States?—T. I. W. A. Coal, the largest single Item shipped by rail in the United States, requires nearly one-third the total tonnage of railroad freight in this country. Q. How many national conventions have been held in Chicago?—N. N. H. A. Nineteen conventions to select presidential candidates have been held in Chicago; 12 by the Republicans, 7 by the Democrats, Q, Please describe Mrs. Dewey,— G. N. D. A. Browneyed Mrs. Dewey is 6 feet 4 inches tall* and weighs about 120 pounds. Q. What substances are made from milk?—J. S. B. A. There are processes for making plastics, clothing, alcohol, vinegar and synthetic rubber from milk. A tetier e»n !<t the answer to my question of (act by wrliunf The ll< benlleld Ctllfornliu Infoniullon Uurnu Slil fcyc Wren. N'. K., Wniblniton, V. U. C. riuai endow tbrc* (3) cum fur rtjily. .. FIFTV YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dntf, 1894) Editorial note: Have you been over Nineteenth street lately? It is rougher than a mountain trail. Mrs. F. A. Curnow will leave in a day or two for London, England. M. M. Estc-e, Republican nominee for governor, was delayed at Caliente by the train wreck above Bealville. 'Landlord Morrison is renovating Arlington hotel rooms. • The county's Populist paper will be published in Delano next week. The Delano paper, however, will continue to be non-partisan. Santa Rosa has declared war on saloons that allow minors and women to patronize them. There is an epidemic of cholera in Russia and in Russian Poland the weekly average is 5000 cases, 50 per cent of which are fatal. SO THEY SAY A "strong" peace rather than a "just" one must come at the end of the war. A just peace would mean that millions of Germans would have to be hounded from their homes and murdered by the peoples they have victimized. And this would not solve the problem.—Norwegian Ambassador Wilhelm Morgenstierne. Everybody knows his job—from generals to privates—and we are determined to get ourselves to the job of finishing this war with the same single-minded determination as the men at the front.—United States labor representatives, at battlefront in France. Do not talk to me of good Germans. The only Germans that we have seen are not human. They are worse than animals. No animal would stoop to the things that the Germans have been doing for the past four years.—Andre LeBord, French underground leader. We can no longer draw freely from our wealth, but must apply all our diligence and our gift for organization to overcome the tasks confronting us.—Goebbels. Through the past year of bickering between the two factions in the War Production Board—one backing Chairman Donald E. Nelson, the other Vice-Chairman Char)es E. Wilson—it is doubtful if either of the two top men were themselves far apart in their views. The two men are both broadminded, successful, big corporation men. Fairminded WPB Insiders say both men spoke the truth when, on their final meeting with 150 or more top WPB executives, they shook hands amid cheers and said they were both working toward the same objectives.. The'whole trouble in the organization came from the loyal camp followers of each side, constantly tugging at the coat sleeves of their superiors and needling each into the >elief that the other was out to get lim. There was a lunatic fringe of a few trouble-makers on each side who did most of the damage. Wilson tried twice to resign but he President wouldn't let him. To ry lo bring harmony into the organization, Nelson called back to Washington Sidney Weinberg of New York, who had been one of his closest friends, and assigned him to stop the feuding within WPB. i All this came to a head early last winter when Nelson began to work on his policy of reconversion. Cut- lacks were beginning to appear. Nelson set up a special group in the WPB to get reports on cancellations of army and navy contracts, so that Office of Civilian Requirements and Smaller War Plants Corporation could utilize idle facilities. The AVilsonites resented this being handled outside their organization and the fight began. li went on all last winter and It was settled only by Nelson's turning the whole thing over to Wilson to handle. The committee named, subordinate to the production executive committee, did iittle more than okay ideas of the armed services, which were against any resumption of civilian production until the war was won. Nelson next turned his attention to reconversion, and made a public statement that he was preparing or- PEN SHAFTS . A new 75-pound furnace will heat a home in 15 minutes. How about the share-the-furnace plan to save coal? -The height of foolishness is living expensively to impress the people who live expensively to impress you There are no cuss words in the Japanese language. Wonder what they call pur navy? If you're well fixed on relatives\the secret of success often consists in keeping it a secret. Fall dresses will hide the tan of the girls who spent all summer tan riing the hide. Side-stepping only gets you farther from where you are going. ders which would permit civilian use of aluminum surpluses that were piling up, and permit the manufacture of experimental models for postwar production. Army production men immediately jumped on these proposals and for a month the battle raged hot and heavy. Then Nelson got pneumonia and went into the hospital. Wilson was on the spot. He had been told by Nelson to issue the orders and he himself was apparently in favor of issuing the orders, but ; 11 the pressure from the armed services and from his own subordinates was against their issuance. So for weeks the orders were delayed. _ When Nelson began to convalesce,' his aides ran to him with stories that Wilson was sabotaging recon- version. On the other hand, Wilson, before leaving Washington, was able _ to get in his dig that Nelson held up Wilson orders. That was'the situation in the summer when two things happened, of no particular connection. First, Sidney Weinberg, who had been brought back into WPB by Nelson to make peace, switched sides in the middle of Nelson's illness, becoming a Wilson man. The second, and more important, was that the army began to put out stories that there were shortages in ti number of important items like trucks, tanks, big guns and ammunition. Nelson, unconvinced that war production was in such a. terrible shap» and genuinely concerned over the need for organizing reconversion to prevent postwar unemployment, went ahead with his four orders which came out early in August. They were hedged with qualifications, permitting the manufacture of certain items of civilian supply under conditions noncompetitive with war production. Nevertheless, It is a start towards reconversion. The final blowup in WPB cam* just after the orders were out. Friction within WPB was now such an open scandal that Wilson's resignation had to be accepted and Nelson had to be sent some place to permit reorganization. Such is official life in Washington. Tike Readers* Viewpoint SLOW DOWN | Editor the Californian: On my trip south this past weekend 1 noticed many drivers who did not slow down before passing my car. Perhaps on a three lane highway they figured the middle lane was especially reserved for them. Now it ia practically impossible for any driver to judge the speed of the car directly ahead of him, that he Intends to pass, and at the same time judge accurately the speed of traffic coming from the other direction, and the distance it Is away. Many drivers think they can do this but, in my estimation, they get by on good fortune far more than on good judgment. Some years ago the traffic officers, up around Tulare, went north to that last curve beyond the Tagas ranch, where the highway runs straight for several miles before reaching the underpass. A patrol car made several trips down that straight stretch, at various rates of speed, and the officers tried to estimate how fast it was going. Standing on the curve they had the same point of view as a motorist on a highway. You are right. The officers could not accurately jjudge the rate of speed. Now such men are trained to traffic work and have long experience behind them. If they could not judge speed accurately, then it is high time the average motorist stopped kidding himself. Slow down before passing another car, if there is traffic ahead, and then leave a big margin in forming your judgment as to when it is safe to pass around. F. B. WILLIAMS. INDOOR SPORTS' CLUB Editor The Californian: In behalf of all Indoor Sports Club for the physically handicapped, I • wish to express our sincere thanks ' and appreciation for the kindness shown one of our members, Mrs. Queenie Melville. Also for the grand publicity and interest shown in our club. Such consideration is indeed » appreciated as we do so want to carry the principles of our club to those who are shutins and to whom it can bring a great deal of happiness. We also wish to express our thanks to Miss Mae Saunders for her articles and interest in the physically handicapped. As time goes on we are taking th« privilege of sending little articles on 4id for tin Disabled and would appreciate deeply if it were possible to give some space to such a noteworthy cause. Again our sincere thanks and washing you the greatest of success for the future, I am, Most sincerely, MABEL E. NIEBES, National President, Indoor Sports Club, Inc., Long Beach 2. Calif. * A THOUGHT FOR TODAY // it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceable with all men. — Romans 12:18. • • • Nothing shall bring you peace but yourself. Nothing can bring you peace but the triumph of principle!. Emerson. ,

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