ARMIES SWING FOR KNOCKOU BLOW AT NAZIS SIEGFRIED LINE THE WEATHER High yesterday Low today .......................... .. KHlnfall Season (Airport) Year ago (Airport > Season (Land Company) Year agu (Land Oomptiny Forfraftt ConlimiR<1 Lot today nml S dH \ : ron side fable cloud inea« mouiiin jiiH, T T T T al in - OVLT Buy a Bond It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1944 16 PAGES No. 34 F.R v Hull Fight Cartels Official Tells How Japs Learned of U. S. Shipments to Hawaii j WASHINGTON, Sept. 8. (U.R) — President Roosevelt j said today that the defeat of : the Nazi armies would have j to be followed by the eradica-1 lion of German cartels and j stringent restrictions on car- j tel practices in international trade. In a letter to Secretary of State Cordell Hull, the President asked Hull to "keep your eye" on the whole subject of iiiteruntioiftil cartels "because we are approaching the time when discussions will almost certainly arise between us and other nations." The President rend the letter to his news conference and added the verbal comment that the subject of international cartels would become most important in the next six months. Policy Outlined The letter to Hull outlined the American traditional opposition to private monopolies and likewise the liberal American principles of free international trade for which Hull long has fought. "Unfortunately, a number of foreign countries, particularly In continental Europe, do not possess such a tradition against cartels," the President's letter said. "On the contrary, cartels have received encouragement from some of these governments." Mr. Roosevelt's discussion gave emphasis to a campaign which the justice department's antitrust division has been waging to prevent postwar international cartel agreements. Spokesmen have charged recently, in testimony before congressional committees, that such agreements enabled the Axis to*gain valuable information about American industry and industrial developments before this country entered the war. Japs Got Information A justice official testified today that as late as June, 1941—only six months before the Pearl Harbor attack—Japan was able to learn through American commercial channels the exact Amounts of oil and gasoline shipped to the Hawaiian naval base from Los Angeles. Testifying before the Senate Kilgore war mobilization committee. James S. Martin, chief of the department's economic warfare division, also declared that: 1. Less than two years before Pearl Harbor, a Japanese naval officer visited the Boeing Aircraft factories at Seattle, where he was shown plans and data on the Boeing 307 Stratoliner, and saw Boeing Fly- Ing Fortresses undergo tests outside th£ plant. '2. Japan was able to get technical "know-how" on some processes for production of 100-octane aviation gasoline before they were generally available to American firms. Martin emphasized that none of Continued on Page Two Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. K. F ......................... B Arvln Theater .................................. 11 Balance Rock Resort .................... 11 Booth's ............................................ !> Brock's .................................... 3,4, II Chicken Shop .................................. 4 Citizens Laundry ............................ 12 Coffee, Harry ............... : .................. 2 CulUton, John W ........................... 12 Dayman's, Dr ................................. 8 Dorman Photo ................................ 4 Eastern ............................................ 5 Eggers .............................................. 5 El Patio Ballroom .......................... 11 Firestone Stores ............................. 10 Flicklnger-Dlgler F"ox Theaters Frank Meat Company Goodrich Silvertown Stores 15 11 2 11 11 Granada Theater Ivers Furniture Judds K. C. Musical Assn ..................... 11 Karpe, A. H KERN ............................................ 12 KPMC La Granada Ballroom ................. 11 Lim, T .............................................. 12 McMahan's ...* ................................ 3 Montgomery Ward ........................ 4 National Dollar Store .................. « Nile .................................................... 11 Phillips Music Co ........................... S Rtalto Theater ................................ 11 River Theater ....... .". ......................... 11 Rolling Hill Academy .................... 10 San Joaquin Grain ........................ 4 Sears Roebuck ................................ 7 Sherry* Liquor Stores .................. 10 Sierra Book Store .......................... 0 Swifts Milk Sherbet ...................... B The Barn .......................................... 11 Tlbbets ............................................ « Ullman, Mrs. Claytte ............... .....10 Union Avenue Dance .............. 11, 15 Union Cemetery .............................. 9 Virginia Theater.... ....... :'. ............... 11 Weill'a .......................................... 8. 10 B-29s Blast Manchuria Serbia Revolt Reported Palau, Yap Hit 3 Days Berlin Tells of Raids Indicating Softening for U. S. Invasion PACIFIC FLEET HKADQL'AR- TKRS. PKAUL HARBOR, Sept. K. (UP)—Planes from a currier task force destroyed Installations and defense works at Yap and 1'Hthl inlands during a three-day campaign against Japanese bases in the western Carolines, Admiral Chester \V. Nimit/: announced tod;iy. By LEONARD M1LLIMAN Associated Press Wai- Editor A powerful flight of Super- fortresses raided the Japanese arsenal in Manchuria today, completing a circle of destruction bla/ed around the home islands of Nippon by American bombers. Simultaneously Berlin radio reported Palau and Yap, eastern guardians of the Philippines, were heavily bombed, for three successive days. Axis reports snid four or five hundred carrier ilanes hit I'alim Wednesday and Thursday, while 300 attacked Yap. The continued intensity of the attacks, if true, would indicate a possible preparation for invasion. Other Axis radios broadcast predictions of forthcoming United States invasions of Halmahera, southern gateway to the Philippines, and of the Philippines themselves. Tokyo announced more than 100 Superforts struck Anshan, site of Japan's second largest steel mill, in midday raid on Manchuria. It claimed three shot down. Industry Hit First confirmation from the Twentieth Bomber Command was that China-based B-29s attacked "important industrial targets" in Manchuria.. Anshan and its Shown steel works, some 600 miles northwest of Japan, was the target of the first B-2!) raid on Nippon's war industries July 29. Jap Freighters Sunk Southwest of Japan China-based Liberators sank three enemy freighters off Takao, 'Formosa. The Pacific command announced bombing raids in the Knriles northeast of Japan, the second land-based strike at Marcus to the southeast, and on Iwo island, 750 miles south of Tokyo. Carrier planes in strong force and land-based Liberators from the southwest Pacific joined in co-or- dinated raids on Palu, eastern Kate- way to the Philippines 600 miles Continued on Page Two IN HOSPITAL—Mrs. Rex Bell, formerly Clara Bow, famed "It" girl of the silent screen, is in a hospital in Las Vegas, Nev.. much improved after being seriously ill. CLARA BOW ILL IN LASJ/E6AS CONDITION OF FORMER FILM STAR IMPROVED LAS VfcOAS. N;ev., Sept. S, <JP>— Mrs. Rex Bell, the former Clara Bow of the films, was In a hospital here tojay recovering from a serious development in her long illness. Her doctor said her condition was much improved and that she was out of danger. The former actress was brought here last night in an ambulance from th Bell ranch at Searchlight when her condition became suddenly worse. Her husband, a former actor in western films, is the Republican nominee for Congress from Nevada. World Security Plan Nears Completion WASHINGTON, Sept. 8. <&>— An Anglo-American-Russian plan for a world security system is being put into final shape at Dumbarton Oaks. Barring last minute developments. It should be ready for study by the Chinese next week. When the Chinese enter the conference the Russians will leave. Within a week to 10 days it is hoped to transform the plan now in its final stages into a four-power document, including Chinese endorsement, in which stage it will be ready- tor submission to the rest of the United Nations and the public. The inclusion of France—as soon as that nation has been politically leconstituted—along wit; .the four countries in the conferences here would, tinder present plans, give a five-power nucleus to the proposed peace organization. FRENCH REPUBLIC ADVOCATED PARIS, Sept. S. UP)—A new French republic founded along the lines of the United States government with General Charles de Gaulle installed as the first president—as "the George Washington of France"—was advocated today by a powerful federation of French resistance groups. Draft to Continue Taking 100,000 Month: Hershey WASHINGTON, Sept. 8. (UR»— Warning that the work of selective service is "far from finished" despite the encouraging war news, Director Lewis B. Hershey said today the armed forces would continue to call men up at the rate of about 100,000 a month until the end of the year, barring unforeseen contingencies. He said in a letter to local boards that manpower requirements for the six-month period up to January "I. 1945, would be about 600,000—an average of 100.000 monthly—to be drawn from these categories: Ages 18-25, 345,000; 26-29, 80,00,0; 30-37. 55,000; youth* reaching 18, about 210,000 or a total of 690,000. I?M Younger Men "At the present time," Hershey said, "It appears that there will be sufficient men under 26 years of age to largely fill the calls for the re- malnder of 1944. The armed forces desire these younger men, Registrants 26 anJ over who do not qualify for deferment . . . should readily supply the balance." Hershey acknowledged that manpower requirements had been changed "considerably" since the first quarter of the year, when draft calls were running around 300,000 a month. These changes, he said, resulted in the sweeping draft revisions of May 1L', when most men over I'ii were automatically deferred and when futuro draft calls were estimated at between 100,000 and 150,000 monthly. He-Kinploynicnt Job The. draft director said that the "encouraging war news which coines to us daily from ill theaters of action" was causing many local draft board officials to give thought to the future of their jobs, expressing gratitude for their "tireless efforts," lib said: "The fact remains that the job of selective service is far from finished . . . Our re-employment responsibilities to the returning veterans, coupled with • the normal operation of classification and nelectlon procedures, require our continued efforts." Hershey's order underscored his statement to the House military affairs committee yesterday — that there was no evidence now that the number of inductions in the future could be decreased to any extent. Russians Invade Bulgaria Huge Co-ordinated Drive Closes Escape Roads for 375,000 LONDON, Sept. S. OPI—The I'nited Nations radio at Algiers said tonight that Russian troops had joined with Free Yugoslav Forces and captured their first town in Yugoslavia. The town was not identified. LONDON, Sept. 8. OLE)— The Soviet high command announced tonight that the Red army plunged across the Bulgarian border today and captured the big Black sea port of Varna, the Danube city of Ruse (Huschuk), and many other places in unopposed advances of 18 to 37 miles. An official Bulgarian statement quoted by the Sofia radio said tonight that Bulgaria had declared war ou Germany. "The Bulgarian government decided to declare war on Germany." the proclamation was quoted. "It is also decided to restore a democratic regime in Bulgaria." The Russian army was reported ] welcomed by the Balkan Slavic na- ] tion "as an army of brotherly peo- i pies," although Russia declared war ! upon Bulgaria Tuesday because of '. her delay in rounding up German j troops and ships in her territory. i Earlier Cairo dispatches said fight- j ing between Bulgars and Germans j had broken out on the Serbian i border. ! Yugoslav sources said the Red j army's Balkan offensive had touched I off a general uprising against Nazi occupation forces in Serbia. j Reports from Allied and "nemy j sources indicated that the greatest ; combined 'operation of the Balkan war was in full swing, poising an imminent threat of encirclement and destruction to possibly 1175,000 German troops in southeastern Europe. An official statement from Allied headquarters in Italy said, railroads and highways In Yugoslavia had been damaged so badly by bombing and sabotage that organized German resistance to the Russian threat from Rumania was impossible. The success of the combined Allied-Partisan activity prevents the Germans from pulling back into Germany on any planned scale, the summary said. Woi-'. of the new offensive came close after an announcement that Allied commando units landed in strength 1-: western Yugoslavia, joined forces with Marshal Josip Tito's Partisans, and were moving eastward toward the Danube and a juncture with the Ued army. Berlin said the Russians had broken across the Bulgarian frontier and driven all the way through that country tt. the Greeo-Turkish border. Another Russian column was said to be approaching Sofia, in a march the Nazis said was completely unopposed. Following: their custom when a j.ew campaign Is developing, Moscow- spokesmen were silent on the reported drive into Bulgaria and Partisan accounts of an Invasion of Yugoslavia. They hinted cautiously however, at a massive offensive co-ordinated Continued cm Pane Two Finns in Moscow for Peace Parley MOSCOW, Sept. 8. IU»—A H-man Finnish commission, headed by Premier Anttl Hackzell, was in Moscow today to begin negotiations for peace terms while a Rumanian delegation, which has been waiting here nine days for the same purpose, called on the Britiah and American ambassadors to help end the delay. The Finnish commission, consist- Ing of 4 delegates and 10 political and economic experts, arrived late yesterday and set up quarters in a hotel. Yanks Seize 2 Metz Footholds Patton's Men Meet Fierce Resistance in Drive for Germany; Tommies Push on to Bourg-Leopold, 25 Miles From Reichland StTREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. X. OJ.P)—Dispatches from France tonight said the American Third Army had established three new bridgeheads .across the Moselle river, and to the northwest all semblance of organized (ierinan resistance appeared to have collapsed in the face of whirlwind advances by the GERMlTnACKS SLOW ITALY PUSH EIGHTH ARM* FIGHTS TO MARANO RIVER BANKS HOME. Sept. S. (*)—Eighth Army tanks and infantry (ought forward another mile on the Adriatic- const yesterday and reached the hank.s of the Marano rivei, only 4 miles from Rimini, but 12 miles Inland the Germans, counter-attacking fiercely with tanks, brought" the Allied offensive to a standstill, Allied headquarters said today. Near the other end of the Italian front American troops, who today finish a solid year of combat on the Italian mainland, advanced to within 2 miles of Pistoia, the last important city south of the Gothic Lino remaining in enemy hands. Lncru Drive Farther west patrols from this United States Ninety-second Infantry Division pushed well north of Lucca. Near the coast enemy »ir- ttilery opened up with heavy shelling of American positions north of Pisa. In contrast with thr precipitate flight from France. Hie C.ermans gave every indication they will yield just as grudgingly as they gave np the Salerno beaches -— where the Fifth Army went ashore a year ago tomorrow morning — ("assino or Rome Na/.i Rearguards Kighth Army units which slugged their way to the banks of the Marano found the Nazis left strong rearguards "beyond which their main forces are firmly established." said an official repor' from General Sir Harold Alexander's headquarters. Massing the main weight of their tanks in close support of (he infantry, the. Germans still held the Coriano ridge 4 miles inland from the Adriatic and the San Savirio, S',^. miles from the coast, after several days of savage fighting. Just south of San Savlno German armor and infantry attempted a fierce counterattack yesterday, hut suffered heavy casualties where they were caught by coiventrated fire of the Eighth Army's tanks and artillery. i United Stales First Army. United Press Correspondent j Robert (1. Richards, in a dispatch filed from the Third Army front at 8:10 p. in., said I thai despite stiffening Cler- 111:111 opposition Lieutenant-General George S. Patton's troops smashed 'across (he Moselle and seized two : new footholds in the Me!/ ureii niitl i one near Tonl. i The Third Army units engaged in I the violent battle in the Metz sector j of the blazing: Moselle front were sub- j .feeted to fierce mortar fire. Richards i reported. Ills brief report of new | gains, however, indicated that the Yanks were haltering forward in key sectors and holding the edge in the j mounting struggle. The Brussels radio reported that l.a Havre. France's third port long since by-passed in the Allied push against Germany, had been liberated. Confirmation was not forthcoming immediately. Four Allied armies—the American First, Third and Seventh and the British Second—were driving the final miles up to the Geiman frontier preparatory to :> final offensive . into the Reich, MIOII to be opened J somewhere along the Mill-mile border stretch between Swif/.erland and northern Holland. A security blackout obscured most of the current operations. Front dispatches from the Mosebc valley, however, revealed that the Third Army was waging a general offensive from its bridgeheads across the river. They predicted capture of Mel/, and Nancy would collapse the Na/l defense line and open the. way to Germany. British troops driving northeasl- | ward through Belgium broke across ! the Albert canal, primary German riMilinui'd <m PH^O Seven Califomian-NE V TeltDhoto I1KWKV GREETS CROWD—Governor Thomas E. Dewey and Mrs. Dewey waved to New York crowds from back platform of their special train as the Republican presidential candidate started on his fi'OO-mile i oast-lo-coast campaign trip. He will speak tonight in Louisville, Ky., in the second stop of the tour of 10 states where 1S4 electoral college votes, almost one-fourth of the. total, are at stake. NEW DEAL AFRAID TO COPE MH ARMY REDUCTKHJEWEY CHARGES G. 0. P. CANDIDATE SAYS F. D. R. ADMINISTRATION "TIRED, BICKERING," SET FOR NEW DEPRESSION 2000 PLANES HIT REICH, FRANCE 6-24 Output Halts as Operators Strike '• DKTROlT, Sept. s. (U.R> —I'roduc- I lion of B-l'4 bombers at the Kord j Motor Company's Willow Run plant j was halted today by >• strike of crane ! operators and riveters. A Ford eompany spokesman said thai the plant was shut down at noon, hut would reopen for the I p. m. shift and work would resume | then if a sufficient number of em- ployes reported. FLASHES NEW HOLIDAY WASHINGTON, Sept. S. <#>— President Roosevelt signed today legislation authorizing the executive to proclaim October 11, 1U44, General Pulaski's Memorial Day, in commemoration of Brigadier- General Cuslmlr Puluski, Polish hero of the'American Revolutionary War. IRON .MANlKAlTIRED ONTARIO, Sept. j*. (URI—First wartime electric iron rolled off the General Electric plant production line here today, as the plant, the. first on the coast to be permitted x civilian iron production, opened Its campaign to complete its 421,- fiOO quota by the end of the year. i By JACK HELL » i KN HOl'TK WITH DKWKY Sept. 8. (/PI—Amid cries of "I'our it On, | Tom," Governor Thomas K. Dewey made his lirst train platform upueur- lance of his UT(K) niik- western trip at Uichutuml, Intl., today, pausing briefly on his way i«.i Louisville, Ky., where he will talk on foreign affairs tonight in his second major i-nin- ; piiign address. The governor, attired in a brown suit, shook hands with as many members of a crowd of -5u which gathered around the train steps as could reach him in a five-minute Stop. Karl Keisker. Wayne county Republican chairman, yelled: "Give 'em li . Tom. Pour it on like you did last night." Several who greeted the Republican presidential nominee expressed satisfaction with Dewey's speech in Philadelphia last night when he asserted that the New Deal hail "lost faith'in America" and was "afraid of peace.' i "Did you really like it?" Dewey I asked, licaming. Kxpauding the theme that the Re- puhlicaus are prepared to offer ilefi- ' nile postwar plans. Dewey is ex- peeled lo urge in tonight's speech the ; fashioning of a peace Imilt on a j framework of international orgnniza- | tion In which small nations have a I proportionate voice. The Republican nominee closeted 1 himself with advisers as his cam: paign train steamed toward politically doubtful Kentucky, after a ringing dennneialio'i last night of what lie charged was Hie plan of (he "tired, e\ ha listed, unai retina and : bickering" New Deal to 'keep men overly long in the armed forces to lessen unemployment at the war's i end. Asserting that ('resident Rouse- Freed Peoples Unleash Fury on Former Nazi Conquerors FRANCE WANTS TO FIGHT WASHINGTON, Sept. K. UP)— France has told the United States It would like to contribute forces for the battle of the Pacific. Two important queatlong involved from the French viewpoint are (1) the status of French Indo-Chlna and other French possessions In the Pacific and (2) lend-lease after the defeat of Germany. FORMER SENATOR DIES ALPENA. Mich,, Sept. 8. (JP>— James A. Reed, XJ, former Allssouil senator, died today at 12:30 p. m. of bronchitis. ON TI1H RUITISII FRONT NKAR ! THE GIOR.MAN BORDKU, Sept. (i. i (Delayed) (U.R)—The greatest man- \ hunt in human history is under way ! across western Kurope today. ; j Hundreds of thousands of Germans 'are fleeing eastward on fool, their I ! Panzers smashed, their transport ; j gone and death lurking in every vil- ' lage and field otx the long road home. I They are making a forlorn bid to get ' back to Germany but they know now i that it Is almost, hopeless. , Avenue Martyrdom ! An explosion of savage hatred is | being witnessed now in the liberated j countries which, after four years of I suffering under the Nazi order, are | avenging their rnartydom In blood. The Allied armies have been augmented by at least a million men in the form of Maquis bands who stalk the roads of northern France and Belgium by day and night, adding to the toll of enemy lives taken by British arms. I have seen groups of Germans lying in heaps in the country fields, in village streets and in the woods where they were shot down by patriot "\Vhito Armies." This is a wrathful uprising of i millions of people \s l?o know only hate for the Germans. The inexorable hunt continues in iho Cures;-* and country lanes even while tin? townspeople in the liberated areas are welcoming the British. This savagery is universal. Men. women, and children Join the hunt. Children rush out of the woods crs- ing "Germans are in there." ami the .Maquis go in to hunt them down. Move by Night 'That is why the remnants of the Germans are fleeing* in terror, not knowing: which way to run. They dare not travel by daylight, and move only by night, most of them exhausted, hungry, and hauiiti.il by fear at every step of the way. When they can, they surrender. More often, however, the British have no facilities to handle them. You can see batches of hundreds of Germans marching through the British lines, unescorted, and looking fearfully to right and left for the Patriots. The Hun Is paying for his crimes against humanity. Every Patriot is exacting a personal and bloody payment for the atrocities committed by the, Germans during the long occupation. This .'terrible manhunt is what Hitler has brought his Herronvolk to In the final analysis. NAZI SIEGFRIED LINE LASHED BY U. S. BOMBERS LONDON, sept, s. <^>—Almost ^'niio American and British heavy bombers attacked installations in southwest Germany and the besieged Nazi garrison at Le Havre today. American bombers were accompanied by .100 Mustang fighters and battered chemical and oil plants at Ludwigshafen in the Siegfried line zone, an ordnance depot at Ivastel near Mainz, and an armored car plant at Gustavsburg;, southwest of Kraukftirt. All the objectives were in the upper Rliinelaml opposite Lieutenant-General George S. Patton's American Third Army, massing in the Moselle river basin for a d<rive into the German fortifications. The neather was the liest in several days and tin. 1 bombers were able in sc'i 1 their targets, except at Lud- wigshnfen v here clouds were banked. Low level attacks by French-based Thunderliiilts yesterday destroyed •IV! trucks. L'17 horse-drawn vehicles and J'l pieces of armor. These operations weiv without interference from the Nazi air force. U. A. !•". Mosquito bombers loosed tons of bombs last night on the Rhineland city of Karlsruhe, in the German west wall !<>o miles beyond when' ihe American Third Army is fighting in the Met:: area. Mosquitos hist night also battered enemy lines north of Antwerp and Ghent. Forty railway cars were shot up by cannon fire. American bombers pliriged 43.S89 tons of explosives into German robot lioml" platforms across the channel : during l he campaign against the Nazi tenor weapon. It was an- uouneed loilay I'nited Slates planes flew IV I'.HI sorties. Prohibition Party Candidate to Speak j CHICAGO, Sept. S. (UR>—Claude j A. Watson. Prohibition purty candi- | date for president, will broadcast ! from I.os Angeles September 21 and |i'a an address that later will be broad,i cast to servicemen overseas, Edward I K. Blake, the party's national chair- j man, said today. • • i Blake said Watson's speech will j be the first of five to be transmitted to war zones in the interests ol the ! Prohibition party. Other »pealc«rs will be Andrew Johnson. Wllmore, Ky., vice-presidential candidate, Sam Morris, radios "Voice, of Temper- jice," .and Blake.
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