The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 7, 1944 · Page 18
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 18

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Thursdoy, September 7, 1944 €bitonal of CaUfonuan ALFRED HABBELL EDITOR *ND Entered in post otfice Ht Bakersfield. California, nf ^rnnd class mail under the act of Congress Man h 3. l x - — MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATKI' I'KESS The Associated Prrsa ts exclusively pntitli-rt to th- •'«• <"* i>»l'li' '»lion of all news dispatches credited to it nr nm ..ihprn'S" <.ieuitort in this paper, and also the local news puhhslifd '.hnfn in l/nited 1'iess The Bakersfield Californian la also n rhrnt of and receivcR its mmplc-tr v.nr MM REPRESEXTAT1VES West-Holiday fo . Im-. New York. Chicago. San Frnnc;."< " !-" Seattle, Pnrtlniiri, IVrnci WASHINGTON. D The Haskm Service. W Sy carrier or mail tin ndvanrc-) in IM yter month. &f>c: six months. i'l.iO- • .!' jwttal rcues four to eight, per rrmmh. Hvn. three. Hy mail in DEMOBILIZATION W HEN Germany luis hern drl'cnlod IlitTe will probably be ;i limilod demobilization of men in the armed services, though the defeat of Germany \vill bring with it a priority for the war in the Pacific against Japan. It should be qnilo apparent to everyone that it will take fewer men to light one •war than lo tight Iwu wars. Washington has been conservative, however, in announcing its preliminary demobnli/ation plans. It is announced detinilely that releases of men from the services even after the defeat of Germany will he "slow and small in number." Releases, at the option of the commanders, \vill be made on a basis involving four factors: Credit based on the number of months in the service; overseas credit; combat credit based on decorations, battle clasps and campaign ribbons, and credit for dependents. It has also been noted that there will probably be less demobilization in the air forces and the navies than in the ground services, for our war in the Pacific will make complete demands upon our fighting ships and our bomber and fighlcr planes. A recommendation that the commanders should give serious consideration irrespective of the duration of the war in Europe to the furlough rotation system to permit men with 18 months or more of foreign service to get a trip home, has been made in Congress. The strain of battle is greater than any other trial encountered in life and men should be given surcease from it. As a matter of fact a Congressional investigation has been asked on just this matter of providing furloughs for enlisted men. In the air service men arc sent home after a specified number of missions—this is the usual procedure, but a man in the infantry or tank corps under lire and living in most difficult and dangerous circumstances often has lo carry on irrespective of his fatigue and psychological condition. Of course, it is realized that the problem of shipping these men home is a serious one and costly, too, in lime and money. But one of the things it may be assumed this country is fighting for is the proposition that men are more important than either time or money and thousands, yes millions of parents believe that their sons in services outside the air corps should be given furloughs after foreign service, and particularly battle action. Transfer of men from the European zone to the Pacilic war theater across the United States would give thousands of soldiers something in the nature of a rest and a diversion from the arduous duties of bailie and the strain of combat /ones. THE BOY IN MAN T ntRL is probably something of the boy, certainly in varying degree, in every adiill man, and if the child is father to the man we see what may be evidence of this in two successful military leaders. In a recent news picture the Hrilish general, Montgomery, was shown eyeing with some amusement General Patlon's six-shooters. The implication of the picture was that what is a lieutenant-general doing with a couple of pea shooters that wouldn't dent a lank. But, here is the "payoff": We have all seen those small boys that fasten beer bottle tops, political pins and badges to their small felt hats. Well, in the same picture, we had General Montgomery wearing his beret to •which he had allixcd a number of regimental badges, much after the fashion of the American small boy. At any rale, General Montgomery has just been promoted to the highest rank in the British army, that of Field Marshal. Ostensibly the promotion conies from King George but thai is only a formality. England now has three field marshals on active sen-ice: Dill, chief of the British joint staff mission in Washington, the man that represents the British here with General Marshall; Brooke, chief of the imperial stall', and now Montgomery. x Marshal Montgomery's rank is lughcr than that of General Eisenhower. He made his reputation when, after the death of General Gott, he took command of the Eighth Army, stopped Rommel's Afrika Korps at El Ala- mein and wound up the Germans in Tunis during 1943. Omar Bradley, a lieutenant-general, is held by many as being responsible for Uie major defeat of the Germans at Normandy, precipitating the retreat out of France and now into Germany itself. He has no publicity flair but many persons regard him as the greatest general in Europe. Whether America will create ranks equal lo those of the British is a matter up to Congress. It is really a formality after all, but a rather odd one. CHECK ROBOTS W HIN me Allied armies cut off a rectangle of (he French coast including Le Havre, Rouen, Amiens and Abbeville, they ended I he German use of at least 100 robot bomb launching installations. Southern England has been freed to a large extent of the horror of the robots and it has been a great relief, for the damage has been assessed as much greater than thai of the bombing of England during the worst days of the blitz. It is estimated, however, that there were some 2000 sites in France for the launching of robots. Now it is also revealed by the French that the launching of these pilotless planes is a very dangerous occupation, so hazardous in fact that the Germans tried to hire the French to do the job at high wages but the French "would have none of it." It seems thai llic robots sometimes circle about and return to blast the crews that have launched them. They are very inaccurate, too, and some of them fall, mercifully, into the English channel. Army intelligence forces have not failed lo miss the conclusion, cither that it is physically feasible to launch robots from decks of submarines—-this is deemed a possibility, bul only a few of the dismounted bombs could be carried and the danger of launching would be very great with an imminent possibility of blowing up the submarines. However, much is being learned about these robots and this possibility is not held entirely remote. Its practical application would mean that underseas craft could bomb, with considerable safely to themselves, any large coastal cities. As the Germans are forced farther inland it is probable that the accuracy of their robots will fall off well below the erratic level now manifest in bombing southern England. "THOSE WHO SERVE" P riiUCATioN of the American Legion's huge book here, "Those Who Serve," is not far distant, although the actual release date has not yet been set. The fact that September !) is Admission Day, marking the ninety-fourth year of California's history as a stale, through association of ideas is interesting in connection here with the publication of the Legion's magnum opus, for this volume's historical division, written by the scion of one of Kern county's pioneer families, details much of the early history of Kern county and Kern county's early history, particularly in mining and later in agriculture and oil, had a great influence on the rest of the stale. Discovery of gold brought settlers to California and discovery of gold in Kern county brought a rush of early adventurers into an area which was to become one of the richest regions of the world but, oddly enough, more through agriculture and oil than through the original mining of metallic ores. Gold brought thousands of settlers to this county and agriculture and oil held them here. The history of this county as a political entity and even before that time is traced in the Legion's book, which will also portray more than 5000 men and women in the service of the second World War. The contribution of the book to California's history is deemed a notable one by some of the persons scanning early proof sheds of the big volume which will also commemorate the Legion's twenty-five years of existence in this counlv. POSTWAR INDUSTRY A .it:iu&\N postwar industry will probably receive tremendous impetus by the order removing all controls over production "save those necessary to beat Japan," once Germany has been defeated. The control to be exercised will depend solely upon the "priority" dictated by the battle in the Pacific. What this is interpreted to mean, more specifically, is that there will he an approximate increase in output of commercial products for civilians and Ibis increase will amount lo about .'50 per cent in advance over the current production. In terms of war workers it would free about -1,000,000 of them to engage in civilian production of commodities very much needed to replace wornout necessities. More generally speaking manufacturers, within the limits of the increases permitted, may manufacture anything they please. Produclion controls in a broad way will be maintained, however, as long as the war is continued. News of increased civilian produclion contingent upon the defeat of Germany will be very good news, indeed, for two obvious reasons. ERNIE PYL PARIS (By Wireless)—This is the ! last of these columns from Europe, j By the time you read this, the old man will be on his way back to America. After that will come a long, long rest. And after the rest- well, you never can tell. Undoubtedly this seems to you to be a funny time for a fellow to be • luiuing the war. It is a funny time. But I'm not leaving because of a whim, or even especially because I'm homesick. I'm leaving for one reason only— because 1 have just got to stop. "I've bad it," as they say In the army. I have had all I can take for a while. I've been 2!) months overseas since , this war started; have written around 700,000 words about it; have totaled nearly a year in the front lines. I do hate terribly to leave right now, but J have given out. I've been immersed in it too long. My spirit is wobbly and my mind is confused. The hurt has finally become too great. All of a sudden it seemed to me that if 1 beard one more shot or saw one more dead man, I would go off my nut. And if I had to write one more column I'd collapse. So I'm on my way. It may be that a few months of peace will restore vim to my spirit, and I can go warhorsing off to the Pacific. We'll see what a little New Mexico sunshine docs along that line. Even after two and a half years of war writing there still is a lot I would like to tell. 1 wish right now that I could tell you about «v>ur gigantic and staggering supply system that keeps these great armies'mov- ing. I'm sorry I haven't been able to get around to many branches of sin-vice that so often are neglected. I would like to have written about the transportation corps and the airport engineers and the wirestringers and the chemical mortars and the port battalions. To all of those that I have missed, my apologies. But the army over here is just too big to cover it all. I knuw the first question everyone will ask wfien I get home is: "When will the war be over?" So I'll answer even before you ask me, and the answer is: "I don't know." \\'o all hope and most of us think it won't be too long now. And yet there's a possibility of it going on and on, even after we are deep in Germany. The Germans are desperate and their leaders have nothing to quit for. Every day the war continues is another hideous black mark against the German nation. They are beaten and yet they haven't quit. Every life lost from here on is a life lost to no purpose. If Germany dues deliberately drag this war on and on she will so infuriate the world by her inhuman bullhendness that she is apt to be committing national suicide. In our other campaigns we .felt we were fighting, on the whole, a pretty good people. But we don't feel that way now. A change has occurred. On the western front the Germans have shown their real cruelty of mind. We didn't used to bate them, but we do now. The outstanding figure on this western front is Lieutenant-General Omar Nelson Bradley. He is so modest and sincere that he probably will not get his proper credit, except in military textbooks. But he lias proved himself a great general in every sense of the word. And as a human being, be is just as great. Having him in command has been a blessed good fortune for America. From tKe Files of The Californian TEX YEAR* AGO (The Californian, this date, 18.H) Thirty years ago today a great fire broke out in the engine house in the Bakersfield fire department and by late afternoon had done an estimated $200,000 damage. Recovery of more than $1000 In loot stolen from Taft stores in the last 10 days is reported by deputies of Sheriff Cas Walser today. A Chihuahua Club comprised of whlskerless and baldpated blonds has been organized here in defense from whiskerinos now rampant In connection with the coming Frontier Days celebration. Dr. C. I. Mead has opened an of- ficr> at r>08 Hfibcrfelde building. Mr. and Mrs. Irving Conn have returned form a vacation in the north. Their trip took in Oregon Caves, Columbia River Highway and Mount Ranier. Bakersfield now has a progressive kindergarten located at 2121 Park Way. The personality behind the new venture is Miss Dorothy Crowe, an English girl who has tutored children of all ages and many nationalities in several countries. I cannot help but feel bad about leaving. Even hating the people business as much as I do, you come to be a part, of it. And you leave some of yourself here when you depart. Being with the American soldier lias been a rich experience. To the thousands of them that I know personally and the other hundreds of thousands for whom I have had the humble privilege of being a sort of mouthpiece, this then is to say goodby—and good luck. JHlollywooa Column -(By ERSKIXE JOHNSON >Crime on the screen must be punished, nays the Hays office production code. But when a charming Frenchman like Arsene Lupin stole a $50.000 emerald and a $150,000 Kembrandt painting: today, the guardians of celluloid morals were willing to make a concession or two. As a matter of fact, they just looked the other way. Yep, that debonair Robin Hood of tho drawing room is returning to the screen. The film is Universal's "Arsene Lupin," in which a Hollywood newcomer, George Korvin, plays the super-crook, Ella Raines the girl. John Barrymore and Warren William, you may recall, played Arsene at various times in the past. The final scene in the picture shows the law finally catching up with Arnpne. They clap the handcuffs on him, push him into a taxicab and order the driver to head for Scotland Yard. The Hays office code has been fulfilled. Arsene has been arrested and obviously is about to be punished. But Arsene smiles smugly Into the camera. The taxi driver turns around. He's one of Arscne's henchmen. And a lot can happen, you read in their eyes, en route to Scotland Yard. "If the audience thinks he's going to escape, that's their business," a studio spokesman said. "We've done our part. We arrested him. And implied that he will be punished. What happens after the picture is over is none of our business." Young Korvin, born in Czechoslovakia and raised in Hungary, has quite a story. He tried to crash the screen two years ago. Hub casting directors told him that he talked too much like Charles Boyer and looked too much like Cary Grant. So he went back to Broadway and landed the male lead in "Dark Eyes," where he was seen by a Hollywood agent, Charles K. Feldman, and given a film test. His real name is Oeza Korvin. He's been in the United States only six years, has applied for citizenship. He has been a news syndicate photographer in Spain, covering the siege of Madrid. He was a guide and lecturer at the Louvre In Paris. Before Broadway stardom, he played bits in summer stock in Virginia. The French detective, Ganemard, who pursues Arsene Lupin throughout the picture, is played by J. Carrol Naish. Naish is the "hottest" character actor in the movies at the moment. And rightly so. He is a one-man stock company. In recent films he has played a marine sergeant, a Jap, a Spaniard and an Italian war prisoner. The latter role, in "Sahara," got him nominated for an Academy Award. As Ganemard, he dons bushy hair and a walrus mustache. "There's the smartest actor I've ever met," Korvin said. "Knows all the tricks in the business. The other day we were working together in a scene, a long shot, and I didn't think it was very good. I was about to suggest taking it again when Naish whispered to me: 'Keep quiet. They have to move the camera in for a closeup. The closeup will be much better than the long shot. They'll throw the long shot away and use the closeup.' " (Copyright. 1944. NEA Service. Inc.) an d A nswers Q. What states have erected statues of The Madonna of the Trail?— M. Y. H. A. These statutes were erected by state societies of the Daughters of the American Revolution to mark the ocean-to-ocean highway in honor of the pioneer mothers of the covered wagon days. Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri. Kansas, Colorado. New Mexico, Arizona and California are the states in which these memorials have been erected. Q. What is the source of the saying "square meal" —N. P. L. £. It occurs in English literature as early as Ifill and was used by Beaumont and Fletcher in 1616. While the exact origin of the term is not known, it is believed to be based on the thought that anything square is solid or steady. Q. Has any one ever determined which came first, the chicken or the egg?—O. E. L. A. This is an age-old question which has been a subject of controversy. However, studies in genet- tics and evolution have led some scientists to the conclusion that the egg came first. Q. What treaty was referred to as the only one never sworn to and never broken? J. E. A. Voltaire made this remark in reference to William Penn's treaty with the Indians. Q. How much has the war cost? C. L. 1'. A. Experts estimate that by the end of 19-44, the war will have, cost the belligerent countries 990 billion dollars. Q. What American artist painted the official pictures of the coronation of King Edward VII of England?—A. B. D. A. Edwin Austin Abbey painted the series of portraits in 1902. Q. How many women are employed?—H. R. A. A. It is estimated that there are now approximately 18,000,000 women employed, an increase of 7,000,000 since 1940. Q. How soon after birth can a whale swim?—J. W. A. Whales can swim expertly at birth. Q. Where was Senator Truman's father born?—N, C. A. John Andrew Truman was born at Holmes Park, Mo., December G, 1851. Q. Who founded the United States Coast Guard?—B. L. K. A, Alexander Hamilton founded the coast guard on August 4, 1790. Q. For whom were the Mariannas islands named?—W. N. A. Late in the seventeenth century the islands were named Mari- annas in honor of Maria Ana de Austria. Guam is the largest of the group. Q. Is the water of the Gulf of Mexico warmer than that of the Atlantic ocean?—H. V. A. The temerature of the water of the Gulf of Mexico is eight or nine degrees higher than that of the Atlantic. Q. How many churches are there in the United States of the Baha'i faith?—H. E. T. A. The faith has no clergy or churches for ritualistic worship, but each community constructs its own Mashriqu'l-Adhkar, or house of worship, for prayer, medication and reading of the Sacred Scriptures. Q. Did Germany have television in connection with telephone service before the war?—N. N. A. Such service was in operation in a few cities, Berlin, Leipzig, Nuremberg and Munich, and a person while telephoning could see to whom he was talking. Q. Which is the correct form of the word "amphibious" or "amphibian"?—E. B. S. A. As used by civilians, the term amphibious is employed, while the spelling used In the army is amphibian. There is no difference in meaning. Q. W r hat is the language of diplomacy?—M. M. A. A. English has succeeded French as the language of diplomacy. It is also the principal language of commerce and of science. Q, What French king prepared his own meals?—L. W. L. A. Louis XIII of France often prepared his own meals to thwart attempts at poisoning. Q. What does the abbreviation LSD stand for?—T. R. A. It means landing ship, dock. A reader can Bet the answer to any question of fact by writing The Bfkersfield California!) Lirormatlou Bureau." 316 Ere street, N. K., Washington. 2. D. C. Please enclose three (3) ceota for vepl.v. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Let all the earth fear the Lord; let all the inhabitants of the world stand'in awe of Mm. — Psalms 33:8. Shame arises from the fear of men, conscience from the fear of God.— Samuel Johnson. ^ TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Calil'ornian. t'lis date. 1S:4) General Pershing's yearly salary of $11!,500 will not stop when he retires this month. His allowances which total $SOOO in addition, will be cut off. Mrs. Ella M. Heath returned last evening from a national convention, Daughters of Veterans, in Boston. She reports that California delegates walked off with many honors. Judge Erwin W. Owen has again been choscen to hear water suits involving Inyo and Los Angeles. Enrollment for the opening day in the city schools reached the high water mark of 3879. A stenographic error has resulted in the name of the Morrison School district of Kern county being Mr. Owens instead of Mt. Owens as the community requested. A young man known as Bakersfield's "rocking chair' 1 burglar, released from the county jail a week ago, is in trouble again, this time on a charge of burglary in Merced. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Califnrnian, tills date, 19H) Superintendent William Maxwell of Midway Consolidated at Fellows has completed a rectifying plant and now has It installed on well No. 4. One of the many great exhibit palaces has been completed for Panama Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco in 1915. It is the palace of mines and metallurgy, built at a cost of $359,445. Franz Josef, oldest of monarchs and rulers of the six powers of Europe, who died 11 days agot is said to be the cause of the war. Wilson has issued a proclamation setting aside October 4 as a day of prayer for peace. The tide of battle is changing in favor of the Allies, the latter being successful against the German right wing. Austrians have repulsed the Russians, however, and taken 600 prisoners. FORTY YEARS AGO 'The Californian. this date. 1904) Headlines: Fire Apparatus Destroyed, City Helpless: Blocks Destroyed by Devouring Flames; Fire 1,'nder Partial Control in Business Center; Power Gives Out and Water Supply Cut Off at Critical Period; Three Lives Known to Have Been Lost: Damage Already Estimated at $200,000. Bakersfield Drug Company store was burglarized for the second time at an early hour yesterday morning but the thief got only six bits for his trouble. The war office says that the retreat is open and that the Czar's officials believe Kuropatkin can at least outrun the Japanese. St. Petersburg war office is not greatly disturbed that Field Marshal Oyama will cut off the general before he reaches Mukden. J. C. Mars, noted aeronaut, will make a balloon ascension from the vacant Fish block on Nineteenth street Saturday afternoon. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. thin date. 1804) The Californian wants the names of those who will agree to keep cows and supply milk to a creamery to be erected in this vicinity. AV. H. Scribner's new cottage will be ready for use in a few days. F. J. Laird has leased it. • Miss Williams' kindergarten will be opened Monday, September 17, at the corner of Eighteenth and I streets. A head-on collision between a passenger and freight train occurred this morning in the mountains between here and Tehachapi. The cars and engines were piled up in a wreck. Miraculously enough, no lives were lost. Four carloads of horses were shaken up and two killed. A much needed pound master has been appointed at last. A. Thronson was chosen for the position. The Reverend Mr. Miller of the Delano Methodist Episcopal Church was in town today and It is rumored the object of his visit was a marriage license. SO THEY SAY If, after Versailles, our high hopes gave way to disillusionment, it was not because our leaders betrayed us or even because they were outwitted by the wily Europeans. It was we the people who tossed away our golden opportunity last time In favor of fool's gold of isolationism.—Dr Everett Case, Colgate University president. No nation is worthy of the name ot nation that will not fight for its own freedom. We Koreans .have been doing that, unarmed and out numbered, as well as unaided and unnoticed', for 114 long years.—Dr. Syngman Rhee, head of Korean gov eminent in exile. France now faces the prospect of a flaming rebirth, the opportunity of taking again In the world the place that she ever held—that is to say, In the ranks of the greatest.—General Charles de Gaulle. We must admit the seriousness and widespread consequences of the situation as it ex'ists and as it will be in the future—Berlin Commentator Ludwlg Sertorius on situation in France. I've got to admit I don't think much of Himmler. He's a butcher. If anybody steps out of line, it's on the wall—they'll be shot—German Elite Corpsman captured in France. Will the) person who stole my alarm clock the evening of July 24 either return it, or awaken ,me every morning at 6:15.—Advertisement in the Price, Utah, Bun-Advocate. 5WS -(By PAUL MALLON)- WASHLNGTON, Sept. 7.—No one thumbs his nose at Santa Claus, eh? You have not heard of UNRRA. the great government agency under Ex-Governor Lehman, created to feed a world that was supposed to be starving and expected to rehabilitate a world laid waste. An especially tight censorship, imposed by the army, has prevented the accurate extent of UNRRA's predicament, failure or checkmate from becoming publicly judged. It may be that the army has accumulated great stores of food itself, far beyond any possible needs, and intends to perform itself whatever feeding is found necessary in Europe. Perhaps also Britain is overstocked. A good Washington authority on the subject has estimated hundreds of millions of pounds of canned goods (meat, fish, fruit, milk, vegetables) in government-owned storage, and says the government does not know what to do with it all. He says the army alone can feed Europe for six months or more. Maybe, the army does not wisli the extent of its overbuying to be known, but I suspect the truth is the army does not even itself know exactly what it has because its stores are scattered in so many places around the world under different ownership (transfers of service titles). Certainly it is true both the army and State Secretary Hull have coughed in their sleeves whenever UNRRA is mentioned. They have always appeared to consider it a somewhat political or emotionally- inspired outfit, created by Mr. Roosevelt to satisfy those Wallace devotees who will insist on feeding the world whether or not it Is hungry, and feeding it a quart of milk a day even if for generations it has spurned milk. But no longer can this be entirely concealed: the European governments do not like UNRRA, do not want it, and we do not know or have not begun to know how much starvation there is in Europe or likely to be. The governments which are beginning to take back their liberated countries want to run their own shows themselves and are telling us so. General DeGaulle, in his statement on the liberation of Paris, first praised the French for having liberated their own country, then, in the next paragraph said the United Nations also did great work along that line. The Americans or British were not mentioned by name in the liberation statement. These people look at themselves first, naturally, and they consider their countries their own, not our's. UNRRA proposed to go in and set up things for them, but it has not gone anywhere yet, and Italy, held now for some months, has been handled by the army and the civilian administration it prepared for that purpose. As matters now stand thu army apparently intends to handje the rest of Europe the same way. Through the censorship enough fragmentary light is developing in the press reports to raise a question whether the line our officials hat/e been dinning into us chiefly on the radio for months is even near the right world-feeding track. Upon landing in Normandy, our troOi.s found no destitution, but eggs, milk and vegetables (even wine) more plentiful than in the England they had just left. Paris reports, since the liberation, uniformly suggest the people look and claim to be in good health. But this only proves we do not know, and not necessarily that feeding is unnecessary. An adult max live well on a cereal diet, but a check of the Parisian children hospitals might disclose a different result in tuberculosis. ._ For Italy, the North African wheat supply has been lost by failure of the crop, but thrifty farmers in the mountainous regions there are reported to have buried their grain, concealing it from the Nazis <;urlng occupation. Indeed, the published reports attribute the Italian food shortage to administrative mismanagement and poor handling by our army people or civilian followers. Denmark has been reported to have a larger dairy cattle population than before the war, but these reports seem questionable because Denmark relied entirely on imported protein feed from us, and no one can see where she could have received a war supply. These reports lend some creditability to one inside government story that Mr. Roosevelt suspected thia condition and gave Lehman the relief job mainly so he would not be out of work after leaving the governorship of New York. A very small appropriation was given Lehman, most of the government buying being done by the Commodity Credit and Farm Credit, outfits. It may be too much, however, to say UNRAA has folded for lack of business. Government bureaus never fold. They are merely superseded by other bureaus and'allowed to draw their pay thereafter in perpetual ob- • scurlty, as far as possible from the public eye. (World eopyridht, 1944. by King Feature* Syndicate, Inc. All rliihts reserved. Reproduction hi full or In part strict!; prohibited.) I a sill i n Col iimn -(By PETER EDSON)The inside story of the big blow-up in the War Production Board, ending in the resignation of Vice- Chairman Charles E. Wilson and the sending to China of Chairman Donald Nelson, reveals it as one of those feuds that happens every so often in a big business outfit when the general manager gets fired and a. new chairman of the board is elected to reorganize manufacturing and sales policy. The only difference is that while the office politics of a corporation go on behind closed doors, in a government the whole thing is done in a goldfish bowl, and it becomes a matter of public interest. Then the papers are full of it. To understand the Nelson-Wilson case, you have to go back to September, 1942, when Wilson first was brought into the War Production Board as vice-chairman in charge of production. Wilson was Nelson's choice for the job, but to Nelson's early pleas to Wilson to come to Washington, the reply of the General Electric president had been that he wanted to stay with his company and would only come to Washington if the President drafted him. So Nelson went to the President and got Wilson ordered to Washington. The fact that the President appointed Wilson to his job as vice- chairman of WPB was later to embarrass Nelson because it left him in a position of not being able to fire a subordinate. ^^^^^ Nelson's big battle, up to the time of Wilson's appearance In Washington, had been with the Army—principally Lieutenant-General Brehon Somervell of the Army Service Forces. That was compromised partially by the appointment of Ferdinand Eberstadt as vice-chairman in charge of materials and allocations, but it was fully settled when Wilson was put in charge of production and named head of the production executive committee of generals and admirals in charge of war procurement and production of munitions. Then in the winter of 1942-1943 conflicts arose between Wilson and Eberstadt. Nelson settled them by firing Eberstadt early in February, 1943, putting all six of Eberstadt's divisions of WPB under Wilson and giving Wilson complete control ot all WPB operations. After a year, the vice-chairman and division heads who had been appointed by Nelson began to drop out. They were replaced by men appointed by Wilson and it wasn't long before everybody in WPB was reporting to Wilson. Nelson eventually found himself in the position of having to use his personal assistants when he wanted to follow through 1 on any program or see what was going on in the organization he waa supposed to be head of. These assistants naturally clashed with the vice-chairman under Wilson. WiP son's men began running to him that the Nelson staff was prying into what they were doing, and Nelson began to get reports that the Wilson men were not co-operating on Nelson policies. Nelson's trip to Russia didn't help this situation. It was logical that Wilson should rely on the organization that he was building up, and to discard the remnants of the former Nelson organization. One of the victims of this was, strangely enough, J. A. Krug, who had been Nelson's man in charge of program planning. It Is a curious twist that Krug should now be brought back into WPB as vice-chairman, to straighten out the conditions of which he had been a victim. This constant needling of the two top men by their subordinates was bound to have its effect. Before either of the executives may have realized it, there were two factions in WPB and plenty of politicking behind the scenes. It was to break into the open when Nelson started to put his reconversion policies Into effect. This is a story in Itself which will be told in this space In the next issue. T 1 TO H "*KT* * J he Ixeaders' Viewpoint EDITOII'S NOTE—Utters should be limited to 150 words; may attack Ideas but not persons; must not be abusive and should be written legibly and on one side of the paper. The Ctllfornlan I* not troponslble tor the sentiments contained therein and rawrtea the rliht to reject an; letter*. Letters must bear an authentic address and signature, although these will be withheld If dwired. WORLD PEACE PLAN Editor The Callfornlan: Hume Adams Hays speaking as war worker number 22522 at Inyo- War Worker No. 22522 at Inyokern, Calif., at Camp No. 160 and as a veteran of the World War of year 1918 is author of The Hays Peace Plan dedicated to the mothers of America. That Congress shall by law create a foreign service department of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of about three thousand agents who shall go to all foreign world points for the purpose of making a daily report of world conditions to three people, to the President of the United States and to the Senate military committee and to g9od chief J. Edgar Hoover. . Being personally known to Senator Chandler and Senator" Barkley and to Representative Virgil Chapman, I shall be glad to explain to any committee of Congress the Hays Peace Plan and other proposed legislation for Congress. Thank 'you. H. A. HAYS. TEACH NUTRITION Editor, the Californian: In answer to Mrs. E. V. R.'s timely and sensible article "Our Children,'* I am entirely In agreement with her" that our children be taught in their readers that milk makes good teeth instead of the apple is red and that boys as well as girls be taught nu-, tritlon and sanitation. At the conference on food and nutrition given in Los Angeles recently, the nutrition committee w^nt on record as favoring a resolution that elementary and secondary schools teach a specified definite course in nutrition to boys and girls. When this added to the curriculum by the state board of regents, we mothers will have less difficulty with the food likes and dislikes of the family, not to mention the tremendously favorable effect on health. I am sending the clipping to Mr. A. J. Lorenz, chairman of the state nutrition committee, in order that it may help boost the good work along as rapidly as possible. Thank you, Mrs. E. V. R. ^ MOTHER OF THREE. '."• PEN SHAFTS The garage man who la lucky enough to hire a mechanic is also lucky if he can buy an.adding machine. Some men tell their wives everything that happens, and some even tell them more than that. Clothes often make the woman, but the woman doesn't always make the clothes. With the Increase In purse-snatch^ ings, a great many of the ladies must be losing their complexions. Being on your toes will keep other people off them. Eat, drink and If anything happens be in the back seat. The main preacher shortage U In their wallets. '/

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