The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on October 18, 1996 · Page 6
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 6

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Salina, Kansas
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Friday, October 18, 1996
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Page 6
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A6 FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1996 HOME/GARDEN THE SALINA JOURNAL T HOME MAINTENANCE Fall fix-up chores It's time to clean the chimney, check your storm windows and replace furnace filters By C. DWIGHT BARNETT Scripps Howard News Service Here's a fall checklist, starting on the outside of your home. Roof and gutters • Look for damaged, loose or missing shingles, tiles or shakes. Curled or cupped shingles are a sign of poor ventilation. Loss of the colored granules is a sign of aging. Once the granules are gone, ultraviolet rays from the sun start to eat away at the shingle. Asphalt shingles have a normal 20-year life expectancy. Wood shingles need to be cleaned and treated every five years. • Clean gutters and check for leaky seams, unsecured hangers and improper drainage of the downspouts. Make sure downspouts direct run-off water away from the foundation for a minimum of 6 feet. This is very important to the structure's foundation and un- derfloor areas. • Check skylights, antenna mounts, mounts for any mechanical item located on the roof, plumbing and roof vents and caulk or repair if necessary. • Check chimney for loose mortar, and caulk or tuckpoint as needed. Have chimney cleaned, the chimney top cracks sealed and a chimney cap installed to prevent rain, birds and small animals from entering the flue. Walls, windows and doors • Check for blistered or peeling paint. Scrape, prime and repaint prior to the colder months. Touch up severely affected areas if you plan to wait until spring before repainting the entire house. Homes built before 1958 probably contain lead-based paint. Check with your local health department before doing any restoration work. • Check for loose siding. Renail and seal end joints with a good grade of silicone caulking. • Look for missing or separated caulking and recaulk all exterior openings around windows, doors, and where the utilities enter the structure. • Check storm windows. The upper panel should overlap the bottom panel on the exterior side. Make sure the small weep holes at the bottom of the frames are open. Clean out as needed. • Cover basement windows with plastic sheeting or a plastic bubble. Do not cover the outside units of the air conditioner or heat pump. However, you may want to spray-clean the outside coils with a garden hose. Heat pumps have to be elevated above normal snow depths. Clean around the base of the units to allow water to escape. Heating (with unit off) • Check for worn or loose belts on blower motors. • Oil blower bearings if they have a built- in oil port. • Clean burner area with a soft brush and a vacuum. • Replace filters now and then again every two months. Wash electronic filters and replace seasonal filters. • Clean the thermostat by blowing dirt and dust off. Computer stores sell cans of air that are used to spray dust off delicate parts. Illustration by Scripps Howard News Service Heating (with unit on) • Check ignition of unit from a distance. Watch to see if flames roll out of the burner area or if it ignites with a whoosh pf air. Check for a lazy flame, one that lays around the burner. This could mean a clogged flue pipe or combustion chamber. Any of these conditions should be checked further by a professional. • Check to see if the flame is mostly blue with a small yellow or orange tip. Improper air and gas settings cause the flames to be mostly yellow and waste energy. If the flame lies on the burners or is pulled to one side when the fan comes on, then the unit needs to be checked by a professional. Electric heating • Filters, blowers and humidifiers are the same as the gas and oil units. • Turn the outside heat pump off at its breaker or at the outside disconnect located near the unit. Next, turn thermostat to heat and set temperature high enough to engage furnace. This will turn on the furnace's heating elements only and you can check a nearby register for signs of heat. Reset thermostat and turn outside unit back on. T ANTIQUE DETECTIVE T GARDENING Trees suffocate if planted too deep Trees are sensitive to their roots and trunks being submerged too deeply in the soil. They tend to suffocate. Keep this in mind if you're planting in the fall or spring. One of the most com- * mon problems is placing the tree's root ball too deep in the hole or having loose soil beneath the root ball settle and •the root ball descend. Current tree planting rec- "ommendations address the risk of planting too deeply. They advise us to plant on a solid base but prepare the soil in a wide circle. This design reflects the true distribution of a tree's root system — wide but shallow. If your mental picture of a tree's roots resemble a carrot, think again. The vast majority are within the top 18 inches of soil, even if the tree is a 60-foot oak or walnut. How wide you dig depends on how kind you wish to be to the newly planted tree and on how dense or compacted the soil may be. Dense soils are described as heavy, meaning their clay content is high. Obviously, dense clay soils are the most difficult to cultivate. Not surprisingly, these are the soils that will need the most thorough cultivation and improvement. Adding compost, the universal soil improver, will help the tree establish roots in the surrounding soil. The size of the hole is limited by your deter- T THE WELL-DRESSED GARDEN CHIP MILLER KSU-Saline County Extension Horticulture Agent When planting a tree, the recommended width of the hole is a minimum of two times the diameter of the root ball. mination, but a minimum of two times the diameter of the root ball is recommended. In severely compacted heavy soils, digging or tilling an area five times the diameter of the root ball is recommended. This may sound like a large area, but digging a wide hole is easier than digging a deep hole. In heavy soils with water drainage problems, the hole should be more shallow than the depth of the root ball. This will hold the root ball up slightly and improve its internal drainage. When planted a few inches above its original growing level, mulch the soil ball with an organic material such as wood chips or nuggets. - .. Sometimes the original growing level of a«** tree is not easy to determine, especially on balled-and-burlapped trees. It should be just below the twine that ties the burlap around the base of the trunk. The lowest portion of the trunk, and also the point at which it enters the soil, is called the root flare. Logically, this is where the binding twine should be attached. However, the twine may be attached much higher on the trunk than the level of the root flare. This is because soil may be mounded around the base when soil is cultivated for weed control at the nursery. If the tree is dug with no regard to the added soil, you get a smaller portion of the tree's root system, and what you should get in the best of circumstances is minimal. Handle carefully To locate the original growing level, look for major roots (not fibrous roots) near the top of the root ball. Fold back the burlap and remove some soil at the top of the root ball. Be very careful to protect the root ball. It may crack or even shatter if treated roughly. Move the tree by the root ball only. Do not pick it up by the trunk. Never drop it. After the tree is placed in the planting hole, remove as much burlap as possible. Burlap rots very slowly in dry sites. Firm soil around the root ball while backfilling the planting hole, then settle the soil with water. Water several times to remove air pockets. Fall is a good and popular time to plant container-grown and balled-and-burlapped trees. Some are risky subjects when transplanted (dug from the ground and moved) in the fall, especially if moved to a difficult site where they may encounter strong drying winds, deficient moisture, poor soil, etc. Balled-and- burlapped trees and container-grown trees should establish themselves well in favorable locations if planted properly and given appropriate care afterward. Plant your spring bulbs by Thanksgiving 100 spring-flowering bulbs yield showy blossoms in April By MARTY ROSS Universal Press Spring-flowering bulbs are not only the brightest, most welcome flowers of all, but also the easiest to grow. You really can't tell by looking in the bins of curious, crinkly tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and other spring-flowering bulbs stacked to the rafters at garden centers right now, but each one contains a little stroke of genius. Now's the time to plant them for the whole world to see. Try to have all spring-flowering : bulbs planted by Thanksgiving. "A fun trend in gardening is, -.nowadays, not to plant just for ourselves, not just to make our back yards beautiful, but to plant something in the front yard that others can enjoy," says Brent Heath, a third-generation bulb grower and supplier and manager of The Daffodil Mart, Torrington, Conn. Heath is on a first-name basis with more spring-flowering bulbs than most people ever heard of, and he's constantly experimenting with new ways to plant and combine them. Fifty bulbs are enough to get your message across, Heath says; 100 bulbs are much better. For many gardeners, that is just the beginning. And bulbs are so reliable that you'll probably add new ones every year. "If you pick the right sorts and put them in a good situation, you've got an investment that will return for many years," Heath says. For the brightest, boldest impression, Heath recommends planting two strong colors. Don't plant all red tulips: Mix red and yellow varieties, or red and orange. "The reds and yellows are the most highly visible, focal colors in the garden," he says. "They attract immediate attention. That's why stop signs are red and caution signs are yellow." Even if you've never planted bulbs before, you can expect sensational results the first year. Bulbs need a good six to eight hours of sunlight, but they are fairly tolerant of different soil types, as long as the drainage is good. It helps to work a bit of compost into the soil at planting time, and to fertilize after planting with a slow-release bulb fertilizer. Spring is closer than you think. Try to visualize .the front yard in March or April, and "plant one area really well this year," Heath says. Don't spread 50 or 100 bulbs out across the whole front lawn: Choose a backdrop, and plant lots of bulbs in that one area — large bulbs 6 inches apart, small bulbs 2 to 3 inches apart. "Then the bed will sparkle," Heath says. Most experts recommend planting three times as deep as the bulbs are tall, or generally with about 6 inches of soil covering the tips. Firm soil over the area, water well and let the magic work. #1 CHOICE LAWN WINTERIZER "ULTIMATE FERTILIZER" , AEELX TO ALL COOL SEASON | V GRASSES IN SEPT. & NOV. Farmer's Coop Water's True Value i Mon.-Fri. 8-5:30 Sat. 8-4 827-5581 528 Kenwood I'ark Drive, Silina, KS Galle's Art Nouveau pieces considered among the finest ANNE GILBERT Art Nouveau isn't one, but many design styles. In fact, you could say there is something for every collector ^ taste. Some of the influences were Gothic and Rococo. Others borrowed from classical antiquity, as well as art of the Far East (especially Japan). Touches of the Rococo Louis XV style show up as gilded carving on furniture and decorative pieces. Yet, when most of us think of Art Nouveau we visu- - alize lamp bases and table bases in the form of tree trunks and curving or serpentine furniture forms. Exotic woods The end result depended on the craftsman and his country. Architect-designers, such as Henry Van de Velde and Victor Horta of Belgium, used exotic woods and experimented with such materials as precious stones and Oriental silks as well as curves. Of the English Art Nouveau designers, one of the best known is Charles Rennie Mackintosh, who actually worked and trained in Glasgow, Scotland. He used inlay, stained glass and paint to embellish his furniture. Some of his chairs, however were painted a dead white, which earned this designer's school the title, "Spook School." However, the French interpretation is considered the most imaginative and finest. Floral and foliage and other naturalistic forms were shaped into furniture by such craftsmen as Emile Galle, already famed for his work with glass. He gave fantasy names to his furniture designs, such as dragonfly table and butterfly bed. One of the designers influenced by Galle was Louis Majorelle, trained first as an artist in Paris. He then joined the family furniture production business. Ma- jorelle used wood inlays in a variety of ways, including scenes.-He also used high-relief moldings and gilt bronze mounts. Clue The popularity of Art Nouveau lasted from 1890 to 1910. Each of the many major designers and Bittersweet branches fit in fall arrangements By Scripps Howard News Service The dried mini-branches of bittersweet are filled with beautiful red berries in tiny petaled orange pods. Their sturdy stems are suitable for fall arrangements. Bittersweet looks good in a formal room, where you might crave autumn color, short of displaying a bowlful of Jack-Be-Little pumpkins or a twine-tied Indian corn. Ask Me For A Free Hearing Ti \ esh HEARING AIDS 827-8911 1-800-448-0215 Alan Crigsby 234 S. Santa Fe 27 Years Experience Salina Photo courtesy of Sotheby's This fruitwood vitrine, or glass showcase — one of only two known examples — was designed by Hector Guimard. It was part of a respected collection, owned by dealers Lloyd and Barbara Macklowe and auctioned in December 1995 'at Sotheby's in New York. schools had its own style. The School of Nancy, France — influenced by Galle, Majorelle and.hth- ers — is characterized by floral and pictorial marquetry. Caution: Not everything that looks like Galle or Majorelle is; much was commercially made by copiers.; Many fine examples made by lesser known craftsmen in many countries are available at affordable prices. Of course, if money; is no object, rare pieces can cost more than $100,000. ;• Check out the various furniture histories and museum catalogs on the subject. Small pieces are still waiting to be discovered. Anne Gilbert regrets that she is unable to answer individual let-.m ters. Those of general interest u>Ul be incorporated in her column .':;• whenever possible. When acquir* ing about an item, send a detailed' description. Photographs are helpful. Write to her in care of the Salina Journal, Box 740, Salina, KS 67402-0740. ,.' Coming UP IN TOMORROW'S JOURNAL • HEADS UP: Collector shows off glamour girl vases / Page A5 When you think about YOUR FINANCIAL FUTURE • Mutual Funds • Investing/Saving for College • Financial Planning Services • • Investing for Retirement • (IRA, Keogh, TSA, 401 (k)) ^ • Tax-advantaged Investments., • Money Market Funds ,'!>• Prospectuses for securities listed above may be '.'.' obtained from your local Waddell & Reed office. Remember Waddell & Reed ... FINANCIAL SERVICES Bob Nicholson 213 S. Santa Fe 913-827-3606 Buy A Jacket - Get A Skirt, Blouse Or Slacks For Price* Buy a new fall jacket at regular price and get your choice of a blouse, skirt or slacks for half price! Misses, petite and women's sizes. Sale ends on Saturday. *No other discounts apply. ( P[azaStyCe Shop

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