# HK WKATIIKK emperature Low today 711 Rainfall Season (Airport) « T iear ago (Airport* T Season (Land Company^ T Year ago (Land Company) T Fo recant Continued hot with clouds over the mountains. Buy a Bon'd It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1944 18 PAGES No. 33 Russi Yugoslavia Push Aimed to Cut Last Nazi Escape Routes By Associated Puess Allied land, sea and air forces and Marshal Tito's Partisan army have started a combined all-out offensive in Yugoslavia in conjunction with the Russian offensive lo seal ofl' all German escape routes from the Balkans, Allied force headquarters announced tonight. The official report from General Sir Henry Ma it land Wilson's \\cm\quarters said the offensive 1 had been in progress during the past weok with the "land forces of the Adriatic*' and Slovene patriots participating. Land forces of the Adriatic is the official title of Allied troops penetrating Yugoslavia. "On land, the National Army of Liberation (Tito's) has attacked systematically the main lines of communication of Croatia, rutting in many places the line from Zagreb to Sunja and from Sunja to Bihac, and rendering unusable the line from Zagreb to Ogurlin," the announcement said. Demolitions Made "Further south the central attack has been launched on the Brod-Sara- jcvo-Mostar line and one line from Uzlce to Visegrad. The main Zagreb- Belgrade line has been demolished in many places. "In Serbia and Macedonia, demolitions have been made on tho line from Belgrade to Skoplje and on the famous Skoplje-Veles bottleneck, where a heavily-laden troop train was derailed and crashed into the Vardar river, killing or 1000 Germans." The announcement did not make clear whether any American. troops from the African or Italian areas were involved. American airmen, however, are in the van of the attack. Russian troops have driven across Bulgaria into Greece, reaching the Turkish frontier in the Demotica sensational 160-mile advance in two days, the German radio said today in an official DNB broadcast. Another Russian tank column was reported advancing toward Sofia, the Bulgar capital of 400,000. Bulgaria, against which Russia declared war Tuesday night, was invaded at three points, the Germans said, adding: "Xo resistance worth mentioning seems to have been put up in consequence of the muddled up political conditions there." Break With Nazis Berlin announced earlier that Bulgaria had broken relations with her and unconfirmed Turkish dispatches said Bulgaria declared war on Germany to put the Balkan country at war with both sides. The Bulgars pleaded with Russia for an armistice soon after the Kremlin declared war during a time in which armistice Continued on Page Five wounding Index to Advertisers *» » - • r •*••«», Abrams, Dr. R. F Arvin Theater A iJvf^ ^tflVO^ *^» —• fc-j ^ \j • ^* *j * •" *•••*»•***• >_>_-. 1 -.,, f * Booth's ; Brook's Citizens Laundry Coffee, Harry Culliton, John \V Don's Super Market Donnan Photo Eastern Edwards, Dr. K. P C^A/4Ap<i 1 *~ ^* ^^ " *%* ••< >• * V- + ••<••-+••.--¥».»._••«_•. ..»_.»,•*,,>. Firestone Stores.... 1 . Plickinger-Digier r uuQ v^HJ Fox Theaters GallenKamp's Granada Theater Ivers Furniture KERN Kern County Musical Assn Leed's Shoes Urn, T McMahan's .*. Montgomery Ward Penney's Phillips Music Co Rial to Theater River Theater Rolling Hills Academy Sears Roebuck , 5, ti Smith's Farmers Market Union Cemetery 9, Victory Shoe Shop Virginia Theater YVeill's t •' L>> ** **••*»• 2900 ALLIED AIRMEN DIE FIGHTING ROBOTS BATTLE OF LONDON OVER EXCEPT FOR FEW SHOTS, SANDYS SAYS, DISCLOSING CAMPAIGN ON BOMBS ns By Aasoc LONDON*, Sept. 7. <-£*>— Disclos- ne\v details c-f the robot bomb, tlio government declared today the Battle of London is over "except possibly for the last few shots.'* With their wartime blackout due to end lo days hence, Londoners received more cheer in the. announcement by Lieutenant-Colonel Edwin Duncan Sandys that perfected defenses and Allied encirclement of the robot bomb coast had virtually ended the menace of the German "vengeance weapon.' 1 2900 Airman Lost Sandys disclosed 1.900 Allied air•men and 4SO planes had been lost in the IS months' campaign against the robots, in addition to more than SOUO deaths in England as a result of the bombs th;jt landed. He said that only *J300 of the 8000 bombs launched since June ]_! had reached their goal, whereas the earlier bombs each took a life. On the average, the campaign against them made such progress that lately three of the robots have been expended by «he Germans to kill one person in Britain. iatod Press Sandys lias been in charge of countermeasures. The campaign against the robots began more more than a year oefore the actual launching of the attacks in June, with Allied airmen blasting away at the "rocket coast" across the channel where the Germans located launching platforms. The figures announced today . were the latest since August _M. when the government disclosed that the Germans had sent about 7250 winged bombs against southern England. It was unlikely that the final casualties and damage from the bombardment will be disclosed before Parliament reconvenes September 26. V-2 Knocked Out Some of the newsmen at Sandys' press conference brought away the impression that the Allied advance along the French coast had knocked out the Germans' V-2, reputedly a much heavier rocket bomb than the V-l launched against London, before it could be used. "I am a little chary of talking Continued on Page Five i FINAL WAR SMASH, PEACE TERMS ON F. D. tCHURCHILL AGENDA Tonight G. 0. P. Candidate Begins Tour; F. D. R. Delays Campaigning y Associated Press Governor Thomas E. Dcwey of New York, the chief challenger to President Roosevelt's bid for a fourth term, started his main drive today tour that will take him to the Pacific coast and back before the end of the month. His mam a 6700-mile speaking 7999 &mt&r n twerp •« • i^^ * . ^ . Essen russei eppe ELG Am eHovrt a• • #»***• Liege _ A * ^ M & ^^r ^ » Mezi Sedan PAR roves Sen RA Pot ton's Third Army Locked in Vail Fight for Reich Approaches as Mode Forces Aim 4 Spearheads at Luxemb j LONDON. Sept. 7. G*P)—American tanks and infantry were fighting the lirsl battles for Germany along the Moselle river today. They won one bridgehead below Metz at _^^^— heavy cost and lost another at Pont-a-Mousson in the face ^of violent German artillery fire. A showdown assault on 200 miles of the Siegfried Line opening speech, expected to deal largely with postwar jobs, will be delivered, tonight at Philadelphia's Convention hall. It will broadcast nationally (10 p. in., eastern war time) under the sponsorship of the Republican national - rulilmnlan-NKA YANKS HAMMER WAY EAST—The American First and Third armies hammered their way eastward on two broad fronts todav. lieutenant- General George S. Patton moved up the Moselle river on a 50-mile front from Luxembourg to Xaney and wedged into the outskirts of the fortress city of Met7. The First Army aimed a thrust at the northern tip of Luxembourg. PRESIDENT, PRIME MINISTER, EXPECTED TO MEET FOR INFORMAL TALKS, MAYBE IN QUEBEC i LA LAND IX GERMANY? XE\V YORK, Sept. 7. UP)— Radio Allantlk, clandestine German- language station whose location has never been officially disclosed, said in a broadcast recorded by XBC that parachute troops emergency alarm*, sounded today in many cities of the German west wall region and airborne landings were reported. By VIRGIL PIXKLEY Copyright, 1944, by United Press LONDON. Sept. 7.—President Roosevelt and 1 Prime Minister Winston Churchill were believed likely tonight to meet somewhere in North America soon, with Quebec the most likely site, to discuss the war situation throughout'the world. The Roosevelt-Churchill talks were expected to he largely informal, and conducted on a smaller and more quiet scale than those at Casablanca. Cairo and Teheran, or even tho'ear- lier Quebec (-(inference. The agenda was expected to include the following; 1. Means of pushing a mounting offensive against Japan. Plans Completed -. Final approval of plans to crush Germany militarily in the field inside the Reich itself this year, which General Dwight D. Eisenhower and his lieutenants now have completed. 3. Occupation of Germany by Russia. Britain and the United States. 4. Application of lend.lease to other countries. H. The Polish border question. «. The question of territories and minorities generally. 7. Peace terms for Germany. 5. Intel-national control by the United Nations to prevent further outbreaks of aggression. 0. General Anglo-American co-operation. The conversations probably will last some time. They will' he almost entirely devoid of state functions and conducted on a man-to-man basis. A closer lleup of Anglo-American land, sea, and air offensives against Japan, in which important roles will be provided for the Chinese and Dutch in the South Pacific as weil as Burma nnd China, was expected to he worked out. These amphibious operations will be more sweeping than anything yet seen or contemplated, it was believed. They will Incorporate fire power, air power, and naval power on a vast scale calculated to overrun FRESNO PLANT BL'KXS FRESNO, Sept. 7. (ff)~ The Superior Olive Products Company plant was destroyed last night in an estimated $80.000 fire started by a gus explosion whic^ blew the roof off the boiler room and an adjoining store room. Three workmen in the boiler room escaped unhurt. the Japanese like a series of overlapping tidal waves. F Rules of Countries Technical, industrial, and shipping means to carry out the offensives will be reviewed thoroughly, and the respective roles of Mritain and America agreed upon. Churchill was expected to empha- sise the eagerness of Britain and the empire to make full contributions and present the hard facts nf men. ships, planes and other materiel to be assigned. The victorious surge of the Allied armies in France and Belgium, plus achievements elsewhere in the European theater, gives Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill an opportunity to talk for the first time In terms of final victory. They will consider the situation in accordance with a statement Eisenhower made recently when he said final victory over Germany and Japan "can only come when peace Is made certain and secure." The question of how Germany will be occupied after capitulation, as terms of the armistice or peace are worked out, looms large on the agenda. Under one plan a line would be drawn roughly north and south through Berlin, with Russia occupying all parts of the Reich east of the line and possibly some other sections west of It. \\IUJiIE IN HOSPITAL NEW YORK. Sept. 7. (^—Wendell L. WillUie, JJMO Republican candidate for president, has entered a hospital "for a checkup and rest," his physician. Or. Benjamin Salzer. disclosed today. Dr. Sulxer said Willkic had suffered "a liltle stomach ppset" recently. The name of the hospital was not made public. NEW ALBANIA GOVERNMENT By AHt-ot'iiUeil I'resn A new puppet cabinet in German-occupied Albania under the premiership of Ibrahim Bicacu, who has a long record of collaboration, was announced by the Tirana radio today. President Roosevelt was holding his political fire. His first avowed campaign effort will be made September 23, a Washington dinner speech to the A. F. of L. teamsters union. Elsewhere, partisan activities were comparatively quiet. In Mississippi a slate of nine presidential electors, labeled by their leader an inde- pend.ent ticket "unalterably opposed in the New Deal philosophy and nt the same time cool toward the Dewey-Bricker ticket" has been certified with the secretary of state. The independents, headed by George L. Sheldon, a former governor of Nebraska, polled more votes in the 1940 presidential election than the regulars, who were seated at this year's national convention in Chicago. Sheldon said a campaign lo map strategy would be held soon. At Albany, State Supreme Court Justice Francis Bergan has ruled that the names of President Roosevelt and his Democratic running mate, Senator Harry S. Truman, may be carried on New York state ballots as candidates of the Ameri can Labor and Liberal parties. Former Democratic Representative John J. O'Connor of New York City and Walter J. Flanagan challenged the certifications by the secretary of state on the ground that the candidates should have been nominated by convention. The A. L. P. nominations were made by the state committee and the Liberal party s by petition. Bonafide campaign managers of candidates for state or federal office were made eligible for special gasoline rations, if alternative means of transportation are not available, in a Washington ruling. HIROHITO, KOISO WARN STRUGGLE LIFE OR DEATH FACES JAPAN EMPEROR DESCRIBES INCREASING U. S AIR BLOWS; SAY WAR LORDS PLAN TO TAKE OFFENSIVE By LEONARD M1LLIMAN Associated Press W«i- Kriitnr The "inereusiiJKly tierce" American offeusivo in the Pucilic lhreaU>ns Japan with mounting air bombardments nnd n possible invasion, the Japanese were warued today by their emperor and his prime minister. "The wnr situation is finally becoming nu.ro intense," Emperor lliro- hito, dressed in full military Kaiser Signs Youthful Inventor RICHMOND, Sept. 7. <>—Henry J. Kaiser, famed builder uf ships, who this week piloted a newly designed helicopter after only five minutes of instruction, said today lie had signed a contract with 10-year- old Stanley Hlller. Jr., the inventor. Clay Bedford, manager of Kaiser's Richmond shipyards and friend of the young Berkeley inventor, has become his sponsor in further research and manufacture in a Berkeley factory to be operated by Kaiser Cargo, Inc. regalia, told the eighty-fifth extraordinary session of the Diet. "Truly today is the time for imperial Jnpan to decide the victory by massing her total strength." "The rise or fall of the empire" and "the life or death of the Japanese race itself are at stake," Premier General Kuniaki Koiso told the Diet which gathered to hear him describe "the true war situation." "In the midst of this grave situation/' he said, "the nation's war lords are developing plans to again seize the offensive." Koiso spoke during a temporary lull in the American aerial offensive which in the last week has bombed every impoitant Nipponese defensive island within a jr>00-mile- long triangle fanning .south of Japan, Newest air blows included the first land-based raid on Marcus island. 1200 miles southeast of Tokyo, the sixth consecutive strike at Iwo In the Volcano islands, 750 miles soutli of the imperial capital; the sinking of three more freighters in southern Philippine waters, and continued neutralization of airdromes around Da van, major city on Mindanao. The American submarine Kobalo and her crew of ii-"i were lost —llin twenty-eight}) to go down since the start of the war. in southeast China Japanese armies pressed on from captured Ki- yang, only JO miles from the t'nited States air base at Lingling. British troops pursuing fleeing Nipponese in southwestern Burma caught up with them after a -i-mile Belgians Round Nazi Collaborators . Ilolyium, Sopt. 7. Belgian citizens accused of having' collaborated with ( Jc'rmuns—from active aid to the Cestapo on the part of men to consorting with Nazi solon l lie part of women—are rounded up here by civilians and police. It is impossible to say how many have been arrested in this sing IP area of Xanuir, bul a fair estimate would be ~~>. The procedure is simple. A man or woman accused by his or her neighbors nr acquaintances is picked up at gunpoint and ma relied through howling cmwds to tiie city ball. There the arrest is made officially and the trial follows immediately. Among the defendants last uight was a Filipino who vainly claimed American citizenship before confessing to having gaiToied six Belgians at tho behest of the Gestapo. Tho prosecutor was the widow of one of his victims. appeared lo he shaping up. Lieu tenant-General George S. Ration's Third Army attacked along 40 miles from Luxembourg south to Nancy, winning a wedge in the outskirts of Met/, ; ud reaching Nancy. To tho north in southeastern Belgium. Lieu tenant -General Courtney II, Hodges* First. Army was bro.id- t'liing its nssnull base to 7."» miles and from scvernl bridgeheads across the Mouse WHS prohing into the Ardennes forest which screens one of ihe weaker links in the Oerman chain of fortifications which comprise Adolf Hitler's fireat hope. From the south Lieu tenant-Genera! Alexander At. Patch's Seventh Amry from the Mediterranean was reported approaching Belfort, north of the Swiss border where a pap opens to the Rhine. The earlier merger of the southern and western invasions into a single front for a co-ordinated assault on the Siegfried lino from Switzerland to Holland seemed likely. Coat Heavy The (Jermans at last appeared to have been brought to bay in their outpost defense along the Moselle after their long retreul from Nor- 1 m.mdy, and front line dispatches said Ration's men won their bridgehead across the river below Met/ ui heavy cost. Thirteen miles to the south they met with a reverse when they were thrown back across the river at I'ont-a-Mousson, midway to Nancy. A hall of artillery fire from em- placed enemy batteries in the dominating hills met ihe Americans, and gusty rain swept down as the battle raged throughout the day. American troops and ground troops charged repeatedly into concentrated enemy artillery and ma- i'hinpgun fire before fighting their way across below Metx. and artillery butteries slugged it out from positions on opposite sides of the river. Nazis Keint'oiTcd The Hermans were leported pouring reinforcements Inlo the battle, but tho American officer directing the struggle declared the bridgehead would stick and that he was confi- | dent there would be no repetition of the seth-iek at I'ont-a-Mousson. The <;ormniis Htill wore clinging in the west bank i»t ! the river JUM across from Met/ itself. The British Second Army of I.ieu- tenain-Centra I Sir Miles C. Pemp- sey. operating under ii cloak of silence since st-ixiiig Antwerp and peiiet rating into the Netherlands, wns reported moving up in (lie Albert rjiiiiil just smith of the Rolgian MH der. There it was said to have I'utn miiPii nn I*;ISP STEAK MAY OFF RATION LIST MEAT CHANGE FORECAST FOR END OF YEAR - h WASHINGTON, Sept. 7. <UE> Better grades of beefsteaks and rousts, along with hams and pork loins, will join the -growing list of Linrutioned foods by the end of the year at the latest, informed sources forecast today. Utility grades of beef already are unrationed but points ar« required for the better grades—commercial, Rood (A), and choice <AA). The latter two are going to the armed forces but sources in government food agencies expect steaks and roasts of the commercial grade to come off rationing by October 1. Choice and good grades of lamb also are atill rationed, along with the two pork cuts. Points fur Cheese While important changes in the meat ration list were foreseen for the next few months, points probably will continue to be required for some time for butter, cheese and other dairy products, as well as margarine. The newly announced cut in the list of rationed processed foods* under which 17 items become point free September 17. left canned tomatoes us the major vegetable still to be rationed. But there was said to be some prospect that tomatoes too will become unrationed before the end of the year. Blue Points Problem With its rationing duties considerably lightened by the new cut, the Office of Price Administration was seeking meanwhile to devise some way to absorb tho blue points to be freed by the changes. An OP A spokesman said one means would be to increase point values of food still on the blue stamp list. After September 17. those foods will be canned tomatoes, ketchup. canned fruits and tomato, pineapple and grape juice. Nazis Order 8th Grade Mystery Illinois Prowler Sprays Victims With Gas advance, on the Tiddim road and hunted stragglers along the ('hind- win river. Major-Genera! Patrick J. Hurley and L'nited Stales War Production Chief Donald AI. Nelson met in Chungking today with fJeneralissimu Chiang Kai-shek for conferences Nelson said were intended "to see bow we can lick Japan at Ihe earliest possible date" from both the military and economic side. Search for Girls' Non-Visual Pu P ils to Work Talents Stumps Goldwyn By VIRGINIA Mni'l'HERSON HOLLYWOOD. Sept. 7. — Sam < chairs for the doctor's questionnaire. (Joldwyn nuule a bold attempt tud;iv : • • FINANCE MINISTRY DISSOLVED IN MOBILIZATION DECREE E D MATTOOX. 111.. Sept. 7. (U.P)—The "uuul man of MnUoun," a plum Red-Jap Fiaht: P loin ihe i prowler who tins terrified residents of this city where he lias aiies- tixed more than a dozen persons in their beds, remained as much of n i mystery to police today ns the "gardenia" gas ne uses to overcome his victims. Xo further attacks were reported last night and apparently the phantom 1ms retreated to his laboratory where he manufactures the mysteriouH gas which leaves hit* victims partially paralyzed and ill, police said. Police asked the Illinois state crime bureau to aid them in tracking down the tall, thia man who wears a skull cap and sprats hia victims with a "sickly sweet" anesthetic. Each of his 14 victims was overcome, but has recovered without serious consequences, police reported. Dr. E. E. Richardson, mayor of Mat toon and a practicing physician, said that it has been impossible to determine the nature of the mys- terious gas used by the prowler, who overcomes his victims by spraying the anesthetic through bedroom windows. Police theorized that the man may be a crank who believes he has .something against the residents of the city, a berserk scientist who is testing a weird gas, or a fanatical He could be a sex maniac trying to victimize women by paralyzing them with an anesthetic, police added, but this is hardly possible since he has made no attempt to molest any of his victims. Robbery also has been ruled out as a motive for the attacks because the skullcapped figure never has entered any of the homes into which he a sprayed the gas. SEATTLK, Sept. 7. IU.P> —IlusKian participation in the war against Japan depends on the outcome, of November'^ election. Senator i'laude. Pepper (I>-Kla.), assorted here last night on his arrival by plane from California. "Under President Roosevelt many factors promise Russian participation in the cleanup of the war against Japan, with the resultant saving of tens of thouHunds of American liven, billions of dollars and much time," Pepper declared. Air. Roosevelt, Pepper claimed, "can get Russia on our side in the war against the Japanese as soon as Germany is whipped. W* could pour troops into Siberia through Alaska fust enough to guarantee to discard Ihe tape measure for the (|iiestiunn;iii e in casting his t-uiies. He wanted, he said with a straight fare, to lind out how best to use the talents MI' his gorgeous (ioldwyn girls. l)l. f'alil I'openoe. llie eniJiivlU psycholM-'isl. was directed ti tjttd out what. MMM-visual talents the girls ha ve. The doctor produced H personality and temperament test, on which Hollywood cynics still Hi Ink tlio first three lines are the most important. They say: "Height, weight, color eyes, color hair, dress size," and for some reason "shoe size." Met on The other five pages are crammed It was like no other classroom on t-arth. Assorted Colors Kilteen luscious bathing beauties in aborted color styles—six blonde, s«-ven brunette, and two redheads— all but spilling out of a.s few clothes as they cmild manage tn put on. Minim icd and twisted ,-md chewed their pencils and decided: 'Tan you put up a «ood 'front". 1 " That was easy. "Are you often 'the lift? nf the party'" " Well, if they aren't it's the parly's loss. A dozen photographers didn't help their concentration. A flash bulh would pop, 15 grins would flash, and !."> pairs of lefcfH would cross over tho other. Photographers I ninleresU'd The photographers didn't seem In- ! ^ H_^ -- ( f, ^ _r q - -T--.T--— «--•— w-rV| with <|tieytions which the doctor suid | terested in the hidden talent the due- j &••&&•.•*._ i will show him whether they were cut | tor was searching for. i "Do you have a large number of 1 intimate friends?", asked one ques- out to he career girls. <!oldwyn aside, the oldtlmers were still betting on their eyes. Goldwyn himself said the beauties couldn't be fusted. They quit: they get married: they go home to mother; join tho armed forces, or build ships or something. Seven out of an original 3-4 are still with him, he said. -* ^ ^^ _ ^^j _ _ __ _ v _ _____ _______ w ___ —^^-.^^.--VH Stalin against Initial reverses during ! There was nothing visible to the eye , • • > _ j any time lapses between closure of the main Russian offensive and transport of veteran troops to Si- berla from tho eastern front" which forecast this nmss dereliction. Fifteen beauties. who already passed the eye, tape measure and \ — tion, and then three lines farther on was this one: "Can you keep information confidential?" Most of the girls thought that if they could they wouldn't be there. "Don you like telling a story in preference in lis'ening to one?" Most of Hie Kirlr agreed they never told it story in their lives, but didn't care to listen to one either. "Do you enjoy just talking?" (A . F . > -w^«r -___-_ .-^ deep sigh lest, wiggled into their fine question to ask 15 females). .LONDON. Sept. 7. Itf*)—Germany ordered its eighth grade pupils into war work and sent thousands of lied rp'ss men and wumen into armament plants today in far- reaching extensions of total rno- hilr/alion decrees. Dr. Joseph < loeMtels. Reich plenipofent iary for total moblllza* lion, announced aUo the dissolution of the Prussian finance ministry, the wholesale curtailment of "the majority of ir.no periodicals still published in Germany," and tin* closing df a number of uni- \ ersities. All traveling .shows and shops for fairs were abolished. The Berlin radio, announcing the decrees, said most German stu* dents would "have to give up studying in order to A> Important war work and from now on, only war wounded will be allowed to begin study at universities." Pupils from the eighth grade of German public schools are employed to a major extent in war work," the broadcast said. "Those who for health or other reasons do not participate in war work will to employed as leaders in evacuated children*- 1 camps. Boys and girl* who have not participated in the evacuation of their bombed-out schools, and therefore have no lea- for the time beinjf. will also employed Jn war work.
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