THE SALINA JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1996 C3 T BRITAIN Handgun ownership banned by Britain The Associated Press Roger Francis, owner of a shooting supply store, holds two guns that would be Illegal under the new ban. Action following massacre of Scottish schoolchildren not strong enough for some By The Associated Press LONDON — In response to the massacre of 16 children in a Scottish school last spring, the government announced plans Wednesday to ban almost all public ownership of handguns. But parents of the victims say the proposals are not tough enough. They want all guns banned — no exceptions. Home Secretary Michael Howard said Britain will introduce legislation prohibiting members of the public from owning any handgun above .22 caliber. Even .22 caliber handguns will have to be kept at licensed gun clubs. "We will ban all handguns from people's homes," he said. Gun enthusiasts protest that they are being "demonized" for the act of a lone killer. But the Dunblane parents, backed by the opposition Labor Party, demand a complete ban. "We have argued all along that this is an issue on which there must be no compromise," the victims' parents said in a statement. "What we have before us is exactly that — a compromise, a compromise that... will result in the deaths of more innocent people." Armed with two .357-caliber Smith and Wesson revolvers and twp 9mm Browning pistols, 43-year-old Thomas Hamilton opened fire on a kindergarten in the Scottish village of Dunblane, killing 14 children, their teacher and then himself. He shot 105 rounds within four minutes with the guns, all legally registered. Britain has stringent gun-control laws, and Howard told the House of Commons the government's proposals represent "some of the toughest gun-control laws in the world." "We believe that it is possible to give the public the protection that it rightly requires and deserves without going too far as to put in place the complete prohibi- tion on the ownership of handguns," Howard said. "And we believe that if it is possible to provide that protection without a complete ban, then it is the government's duty to take that course." He urged Parliament to back the legislation and said he was confident it could be law by Christmas. The proposals would lead to the destruction of at least 160,000 of the 200,000 handguns legally held at present, Howard said. It would have no effect on rifles and shotguns. The Labor Party, which has a double- digit lead over the governing Conservative Party in opinion polls, pledged to back the bill, but called for a ban on all private handguns. "Let us... resolve that the lasting legacy of the evil that visited Dunblane on March 13 will be the.complete outlawing of handguns so that this kind of atrocity can never ever happen again," said Labor lawmaker George Robertson, the party's spokesman on Scottish affairs, who lives in Dunblane. The government's gun proposals are more stringent than those recommended by Lord Cullen in a 200-page report on the Dunblane massacre released Wednesday. He called for disabling self-loading pistols and revolvers used in target shooting when kept at home, or banning their possession by individuals. Howard said the government believes keeping handguns at home is unsafe. Calling the killings "an act of calculated wickedness," Scottish Secretary Michael Forsyth said the government would accept all of Cullen's recommendations and go further in some cases. Cullen also called for stricter school security, a system of checking the suitability of adults working with youngsters, and greater powers for police to investigate people seeking licenses to use firearms. Unlike in the United States, gun ownership in Britain is not viewed by many as a major civil rights issue. Automatic and semi-automatic rifles were outlawed in 1987. BRIEFLY Legionnaires' disease claims 12th victim MADRID, Spain — An 88-year- old man became the 12th resident of a Spanish town to die from Legionnaires' disease, health officials said Wednesday. More than 200 people have been treated for pneumonia since late August at a hospital in Alcala de Henares, a university town of 165,000 people 15 miles northeast ', of Madrid. Officials at the Principe de Asturias hospital said 33 people remain hospitalized for pneumonia. Health officials said laboratory tests show 31 percent of the pneumonia patients have Legion|- naires' disease. The bacteria that causes Le: gionnaires' disease lives in hot- water systems, showers, whirlpools and condensers and, under the right conditions, can breed to deadly levels. China battles rapid spread of AIDS BEIJING — China has "no time to waste" in fighting AIDS as drug abuse, prostitution and ignorance help spread the disease, China's health minister warned Wednesday. Chen Minzhang said a drastic increase in sexually transmitted diseases, illegal blood banks, a huge migrant population and high rates of AIDS in neighboring countries may also increase the number of cases in China. "Now is the prime time for prevention and control of HIV infection — it could be the last chance," the state-run Xinhua News Agency quoted Chen as say- 1 ing. "We have no time to waste." Chen's comments were unusu- •ally forthcoming for the Chinese government, which long treated AIDS as a foreigners' disease. His comments were echoed in part by Peng Peiyun, a member of A the State Council, or Cabinet, ,,who said "the whole of society" should help combat AIDS, Xinhua ^reported. North Korea testing long-range missile TOKYO — The U.S. military believes North Korea is preparing Jo test a long-range missile capa- 'ble of hitting Japan, Japan's pub- 'lic broadcast network reported "Wednesday. U.S. and South Korean military officials in Seoul said they were unaware of any such plan, but foreign exchange traders said the report boosted the U.S. dollar in Tokyo trading Wednesday morning. Quoting unidentified U.S. military intelligence sources, NHK said North Korea was preparing to launch a Rodong I missile, with a range of more than 600 miles — long enough to hit South Korea ;,and much of Japan. SJ NHK quoted the U.S. sources as paying a North Korean frigate left san unidentified port Tuesday morning to monitor the test. In 1993, North Korea conducted a Rodong missile test within three days of such a frigate moving into the Sea of Japan, NHK said. Equipment delay •postpones concert *. TAIPEI, Taiwan — Pop star "^Michael Jackson postponed a con- ^ert in Taiwan on Wednesday be• *cause a plane carrying stage "equipment failed to arrive on time from South Korea. Jackson has rescheduled the performance for next Tuesday, organizers said. Performances at "Taipei's Chungshan Soccer Stadi- Tim on Friday and in the southern city of Kaohsiung on Sunday will go on as scheduled. ; Mechanical problems with the ^Russian Antonov cargo plane "hauling the gear from the last '-concert stop in Korea were Sblamed for the delay. h* " From Wire Service Reports " "f T RUSSIA Perry gets boost in pushing START II Russian defense head also wants reduction in nuclear stockpiles By The Associated Press MOSCOW — Defense Secretary William Perry got a firm endorsement and a bit of pep talk from his Russian counterpart Wednesday in his push to overcome Russian doubts about the START II arms-reduction treaty. "Everything will depend upon the pitch (given) by Defense Secretary Perry and on the mood of the Duma," Defense Minister Igor Rodionov said of the treaty's chances in the lower house of Parliament. "What is the astrological date tomorrow?" the general added with a laugh. Perry met with Rodionov for two hours in advance of his appearance today before the Duma. Many of the legislators who must approve the U.S. Senate-ratified treaty contend it is.foo expensive or not in Russia's best security interest. Speaking with reporters at the Defense Ministry, Rodionov said that not only does he favor the START II treaty, "I favor the next treaty, START III." Although no such agreement exists, Perry said he also wants deeper cuts in nuclear weapons, but only after START II is ratified. But ratification is not certain in the Duma, where nationalists and Communists have voiced strong opposition. The treaty, signed by Presidents Bush and Boris Yeltsin in 1993, would eliminate all land- based nuclear weapons with multiple warheads and by 2003. It would shrink U.S. and Russian arsenals by about two-thirds, to around 3,000 to 3,500 warheads. It also would eliminate the SS-18, Russia's most powerful missile. For his part, Perry hailed clos- LEBED The Associated Press Russian Defense Minister Igor Rodionov says he will support U.S. Defense Secretary William Perry (right) when Perry speaks to the Russian Dumas today asking them to support the START II treaty. er ties between the U.S. and Russian military forces, as well as Moscow's cooperation with NATO, which he described as "very positive." ' A senior defense official traveling with Perry described the two- hour session as "very good,... detailed and concrete." Some Russian lawmakers have suggested seeking an extension of the time accorded under the treaty for achieving cutbacks to 2008 instead of 2003, because of their concern about the pressure put on the cash-strapped Russian economy. They also tie the treaty to their opposition to NATO expansion, but Perry argues the issues are separate and should not be part of this discussion. Perry discussed with Rodionov the possibility of U.S. help with the initial costs of eliminating missile systems, the official said. Under the so-called Nunn-Lugar legislation, the United States has provided $750 million to Russia since 1992 to help reduce its nuclear forces and safeguard its missile systems. Perry will be accompanied to- day at the Duma by Sen. Dick Lugar, R-Ind., one of the chief sponsors of the legislation with Sen. Sam Nunn, D-Ga. Perry, Nunn, Lugar and Sen. Joseph Lieberman, D-Conn., will travel Friday to a submarine base in northern Russia where Nunn-Lugar funds are helping dismantle nuclear missile submarines. This was the second round of talks between Perry and Rodi- onov since late September, underscoring efforts to strengthen ties between Russian and U.S. military forces. Lebed is accused of plotting 'mutiny' against ailing Yeltsin By The Associated Press MOSCOW — The battle for power around an ailing Boris Yeltsin took a sharp new turn Wednesday when Russia's interior minister accused his rival, Alexander Lebed, of plotting a "mutiny" and announced he was calling a security alert in major cities. The sensational allegation by Interior Minister Anatoly Kulikov, who heads the nation's police, was denied by Lebed as a provocation and nonsense. Lebed, the national security chief, has made no secret of his desire to be president but says he supports the democratic system. Yeltsin, sidelined at a health spa outside Moscow and awaiting heart surgery, was "highly concerned," said his spokesman. Yeltsin demanded an urgent explanation from Kulikov and Prime Minister Viktor Cher- nomyrdin of what was going on. Yeltsin's entourage, meanwhile, was playing damage control over a Moscow radio report Tuesday that his surgery was unlikely "in the foreseeable future" because he was anemic with a low hemoglobin count. Yeltsin's doctor, Sergei Mironov, said Wednesday that "Today, there are no grounds to say that Boris Yeltsin cannot undergo surgery" and that the operation would be in mid-November. Bond markets in Europe and the United States slumped following Kulikov's claim that Lebed was planning to take power by force. T MUSIC Times aren't a-changiri for better Many Dylan fans upset by use of protest song in bank's advertising By The Associated Press TORONTO — The times indeed have changed. Outraging some members of the '60s generation, a major Canadian bank is using Bob Dylan's 1964 protest anthem, "The Times They Are A-Changin' " as the theme for a marketing campaign. . Fans are aiming their wrath not only at the Bank of Montreal but at Dylan, for letting the song go commercial. The bank is using the song "to help it do what it has always done — make money," an Ontario reader, Patricia Woodhatch, wrote to the Toronto Globe and Mail. "The real villain is Bob Dylan, who traded in a generation's memories when he allowed the song to be used as an advertising jingle, probably for a tidy profit." The bank, No. 3 in Canada and No. 10 in North America, won't say how much it paid for rights to the song. But executives were unapologetic when asked about the ads during a news conference Wednesday announcing a major expansion of its electronic banking services. "We have done massive amounts of testing, and the reaction is overwhelmingly positive," bank chairman Matthew Barrett said. "I find it incredible that peo- ple see some outrage ... in something as relatively benign as that." An ad shown widely on Canadian television over the past week depicts a throng of children marching through the countryside while Dylan's originally strident song is turned into feel-good music reminiscent of "We are the World." John Haslett Cuff, a television critic for the Globe and Mail, wrote in a scathing column this week that the bank "has Disneyfied Dylan." He noted that the ad omitted one of the song's harshest lines — "Your sons and your daughters are beyond your command." "The notion that such an amoral, ultra-conservative establishment institution would use a civil-rights era protest song to T MIDDLE EAST Arafat angered by Israeli stance By The Associated Press CAIRO, Egypt — Yasser Arafat accused Israel on Wednesday of trying to back out of its pledge to remove troops from Hebron, while Israel's main peace partners — Egypt and Jordan — demanded it stick by its agreements. Arafat's bitter comments were in marked contrast to Israel's optimistic insistence that agreement was near on Hebron, one of the main sticking points in Mid- dle East peace talks. But Egypt's foreign minister, Amr Moussa, said it was unlikely that Israel's latest proposals could serve as the basis for any kind of agreement on Hebron. "What we have' seen from the Israeli proposals and the papers makes it difficult to imagine reaching an agreement on Hebron in the upcoming short period," Moussa said. Visibly angry as he talked about the Israeli proposals, Arafat twice declared "See the racism," as he accused Israel of trying to restrict Hebron's 94,000 Palestinians while giving free rein to its 450 Jewish residents. "What we face now, unfortunately, is a deliberate attempt to cancel what has been agreed upon," the Palestinian leader said. Arafat spoke after having separate talks with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Jordan's prime minister, Abdul- Karim Kabariti. peddle its so-called services, and in the process sanitize a generation's profoundest memories, is disgusting," Cuff wrote. Barrett said the bank's decision to use the song was "absolutely easy" and contended that only a small minority of the public viewed the ads as misuse of a cultural icon. "Great art is timeless," he said. "The notion that it can't be used in a different context is infantile." The new ad is an offshoot of a prolonged TV marketing campaign that features ads shot in grainy black-and-white, showing supposedly ordinary Canadians trying to cope with change and posing the question: "Can a bank change?" TIRAQ File photo Bob Dylan's "The Times They Are A-Changln'" was an anthem for many '60s protesters. Iraqi weapon targeted liver By London Observer Service LONDON — Saddam Hussein's arsenal of weapons of mass destruction included biological bombs that would have caused liver cancer in their victims many months after they were detonated, it has been revealed. And, the U.N. Security Council was told this week, there's no guarantee the "cancer time bombs" have all been destroyed. U.N. officials overseeing the dismantlement of Iraq's nonconven- tional weaponry are mystified ' about the military purpose of the weapons, which are filled with aflatoxin. This is a toxin associated with fungal-contaminated food grains that had been considered nonlethal but were known to induce liver cancer. In August, the CIA published a report on Gulf War Syndrome, the disorder suffered by Gulf War veterans who suspect chemical or biological weapons as the cause. It said that "with the possible exception of aflatoxin, all declared Iraqi (biological) agents were intended to cause rapid death or incapacitation."
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