THE WEATHER Temperature yesterday Low today ... Ka in fa 11 Season (Airport) . Year ago (Airport) Sensnn (Land Company) ago (Land Company) I"*: tin . T . T T 'I 1 n* 'li OoiUinucrl t'lear and warm today ana Thursday. Buy a Bond It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS ON THE HOME FRONT ALSO (EDITORIAL) UKING the weeks that have passed since the major political parties formulated their platform and named their candidates for President and Vice-President, it has become increasingly emphasized that not partisanship, but Americanism, will largely influence millions of voters throughout the nation in casting their ballots— enough millions to determine the result of the pending election contest—and hence the policy of government as it will affect the future of the nation, not for just a Tokyo Reports Action given term but through the years, the future not onlv of of Underseas Craft; Diet Opens Session By LEONARD MILMMAN Associated Press War Editor Six Japanese admirals were killed by "enemy action" at Yokosuka naval base guarding the entrance to Tokyo's harbor, a Nipponese broadcast reported today. The fit American submarine. enemy, aciioa— may have been the shellfire of an Tokyo radio has previously reported submarines operating in waters near the Japanese shore. There have been no Announced Allied .bombing attacks so close to Tokyo since Lieu- tenunt-Genernl James Doolittle's raiders struck in 1942. The announcement of the loss of a vice-admiral and five rear-admirals was broadcast as the Japanese Diet opened an extraordinary session to hear "the true Avar situation" from Premier General Kuniaki Koiso. Threat to Philippines His report Thursday should include the increasing threat to the Philippines brought by General Douglas MacArthur's bombers who knocked out 37 more Japanese ships and barges in the sea approaches to the Philippines Sunday and Monday. Ahiong them were 13 small craft and barges laden with troops. Typical of land actions outside China was MacArthur's report today of the elimination of nearly 1000 more Japanese by Americans and Australians mopping up New Guinea. They included the unusually large number of 242 prisoners.^ Advance for Till dim No Japanese resistance was encountered In southwestern Burma. Indian troops pushed 10 miles to Tiddim and British patrols spread out for more than 30 mites along the banks of the steaming Chlndwin. Allied planes hammered the Japanese line of retreat. Rail points throughout southeast Asia were bombed. Japan's two latest pushes in China were unchecked. Bitter fighting was reported'around 15 miles from Ki- yang, gateway to the United States air base at Lingling in southeast China. On the central coast within bombing range of Japan, Nipponese drove halfway from captured Lishui to the seaport of Wenchow. Five Years of British Blackouts to End LONDON, Sept. 6. UP>— The lights will come on again in Britain September 17. The ministry of home security announced tonight a relaxation of rigid blackout regulations which have kept the country in darkness for five years. Index to Advertisers e Abrains. Dr. R. F 3 Arvin Theater 11 IjU vt v 11 t3 ».....•••»**»••.*»*••»»*•«*» + *••*•**"***«•*»•• *-* Brock's 5 Citizens Laundry 10 Coffee, Harry 2, 6 Culliton, John W 10 Uorman Photo 8 Firestone Stores 11 Flickinger-Digler 13 Fox Theaters 11 Granada Theater H Ivers Furniture '.....10 Etarpe. E. F 8 Kern County Musical AKSO 11 Urn, T 10 Montgomery Ward « 5 Pacific Tel. & Tel 4 Phillips Music Co G Rialto Theater 11 River Theater U Rolling Hills Academy 8 Safeway 3 Union Cemetery 9 t 13 Virginia Theater 11 Weill's 8 Whelden's Market .:. 2 this generation, but of the generations that are to come. We are fighting a long, costly and cruel war, designedly to perpetuate the principles declared by the founders of this Republic, principles which have served the country admirably over the century and a half since the Constitution was written. There is no difference of opinion among the people, and none among party leaders as to the conduct of the war. Hostilities must and shall continue until victory is achieved, until Germany and Japan are crushed and occupied; this is essential to the maintenance of World Peace. But that''World Peace is not the only problem facing our America, We have another within our own borders—one that can be solved only by the people of this nation, just as World Peace must be solved bv the Allied •> nations which have stood united during the war period, the nations which have borne the burden, and which must continue to act in unison if they are to make certain that the peace, which all signs now portend is near at hand, will be an enduring one. But our domestic government is distinctly our own problem. Shall we determine now by this election, whether the executive arm of our government shall administer the laws as enacted by Congress and affirmed by an untrammelled Court—or shall we accept the rule of bureaucracy as it has developed in the past twelve years, the bureaucracy which has sponsored reckless expenditures in no way associated with the war, which is daily gaining in strength and power, and which can be eliminated only by the decree of a freedom-loving people ? That bureaucratic rule today calls for the service in domestic government of one-third as many men and Continued on Page Fourteen FRENCH NEAR BURGUNDY CAPITAL ROME, Sept. 6. OP) — French forces chasing the Germans from southern France were believed tonight to be approaching Dijon (population 90,869), ancient capital of Burgundy, after occupying Chalon-Sur- Saone apparently without opposition. Chalon (population 31,610) is a strategic communications center and district capital 37 miles below Dijon. From Chalon highways and rails fan out toward central France and southwestern Germany. American troops occupied the village of St. Germain-du-Plain between Chalon and the Swiss border. Allied headquarters gave no Indication of the position of the main German force. Latest reports had the Germans fleeing toward Dijon, which Is less than 90 miles southwest of Belfort and the Nazi escape pass into southwest Germany. Occupation of Dijon would put Lieutenant-General Alexander M. Patch's Seventh Army within ttO air- lin* miles of American Third Army units last reported at Bar-Sur-Selne, southeast of Troyes, The French swept up a number of towns in capturing Chalon. These included Cluny, famed for its lace; Sennecey-le-Grand, and Le Villars. The French approach to Chalon- Sur-Saone, which is about 110 airline miles southwest of Belfort and the Nazi escape pass into southwest Germany, was made in a sweep through a number of towns. "Long, Hard" Fight With Japs Cited by Forrestal WASHINGTON. Sept. 6. Navy Secretary Forrestal reported today that the Japanese now are able to mass their air power in a comparatively small area and that a "long and hard" fight is in prospect. He said at a news conference that a year ago the Japanese had their air forces spread over an immense Pacific area but that with* the capture or neutralization and by-passing of some 50 enemy bases by American forces "the Japs are relieved of the responsibility of supplying them with planes. "They can mass their air power now In the narrowing theater of action, the Philippines, China and Japan proper," Forrestal said. Save Forces He added that the Japanese obviously have been saving their forces for engagements to come and as a result will have more planes In future engagements. Also, he saJd, the Japanese have made "many important technical improvements" in planes. "Thus," he said, "the United States Navy will face Jap air power in the coming year that will be stronger both quantitatively and qualitatively. The fight will be a long and hard one." "Komi With War" He continued that the Japanese assume "we'll be bored with war when the European war is over,' and knowing the problems of nupply in the Pacific, the enemy thinks "we are a nation not willing to see through the war ... I think they are wrong in that," he declared. Forrestal pointed out thst a two- year period was required to build up the margin of power that Is defeat- Ing Germany in Europe, and said that it will be a major problem to build up power in the Pacific after the European war ends. He expressed his belief, however, that the same period of time would not be necessary. "There is some feeling," he said, "thai the navy was over-zealous in prosecuting the Pacific war ... we could not afford to let the Japanese get cemented in the positions they had taken. "We had to fight a vigorous war and not a holding war in the Pacific. If he had not we would have been faced with a much longer war." BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1944 14 PAGES No. 32 Report Says Russians Enter Bulgaria Despite Plea for Armistice LONDON, Sept. 6. (U.E) erlin broadcasts reported today that Rumania and Hungary were at war and that Russian troops had struck into Bulgaria despite a Sofia plea for an armistice less than seven hones, after Moscow de- r clared war. Meanwhile the Soviet high command announced tonight that the Red army hud reached the Yugoslav border in a drive entirely across Rumania to the Danube below the iron gate, where the town of Tiirnu- Heveriu was captured. The turmoil prevailing in the Balkans since the Axis satellites begun abandoning the Germans was intensified, according to the Berlin accounts, to the point of pitting the former Hungarian and Rumanian Allies against one another. A Transocean News Agency dispatch from Budapest quoted an official announcement that hostilities had broken out between the Rumanians and Hungarians. Berlin said German forces went into action with the Bulgarians and were engaging Soviet armor in violent battles in the coastal and border areas. The Attitude Charged statement said Hungar desired free collaboration with Rumania, but it became impossible because of the attiude of Rumania's leaders recently and now. Bulgaria's surrender was expected to be followed by a declaration of war against Germany that would place an estimated 25 Nazi divisions, 250,000 to 375,000 men, in southeastern Europe at the mercy of the Red Army and the Yugoslav and Greek guerrilla armies. Fight Demanded Soviet Foreign Commisur Vyaches- lav M. Molotov's war note to Sofia and an inspired editorial in the armv newspaper Red Star indicated clearly that the Russians would accept nothing less than Bulgarian co-belligerency in the war against Germany. General Ivan Malinovsky's Second Ukrainian Army routed the Germans from the great Wallachian Continued on Page Two liKICKEK OBSERVES BIRTHDAY COLUMBUS, Ohio, Sept. 6. CD- Go vernor John W. Bricker observed his fifty-first birthday today busy with the special session of the Legislature and completing : speech in which ho will accept the Republican vice-presidential nomination at French Lick, Ind., Saturday night. FIRST IN GKRMANY IN THE MOSELLE VALLEY OF FRANCE, Sept. <i. W 1 )—After penetrating behind German lines, a reconnaissance patrol led by Second Lieutenant Robert C. Downs of Mount Airy, Philadelphia, Pa., contended today it was the first American unit to reach the German border in this war. Downs reached the border at :*:45 p. m. September 2, he reported. United States Third Army headquarters announced a patrol crossing September 3. FORCE FOR PEACE WASHINGTON, Sept. «. t»—A proposal that the United States agree to use force automatically at the direction of a world organization to preserve peace now appears certain to result from the Dumbarton Oaks security conference. HUNGARY, RUMANIA CLASH LONDON, Sept. 6. <UR>—The German Transocean News Agency in a Budapest dispatch said today that hostilities had broken out between Hungary and Rumania. is Try on —Callfornlan-NEA Radio Ttlrphoto NAZI PRISONERS DIG FOR GESTAPO VICTIMS— I'mier the baleful eyes of their French citizen army guards, these German prisoners dig for bodies of more than SO men, women and children executed by the German Gestapo during occupation of Grenoble. Note legend on rude cross in foreground—"To the victims of the Gestapo." Signal corps radio-telephoto. Priority System Set Up for Separating Men From Army After Germany's Defeat Patton's Third Army Meets Stiff Resistance in Drive for Reich LONDON, Sept. 6. (UR)—Allied headquarters said today that Canadian troops have reached the channel coast on both sides of Calain and had closed in to the outskirts of Boulogne. SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 6. OLE)—United States combat troops have invaded German soil for the first time in his- III int BY REIEL S. MOORE United PFCSB Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, Sept. «.—The war department today revealed plans, based on principles of "justice and impartiality" luid down by O. I. Joe himself, for gradually reducing- the sixe of the army after Germany is whipped and returning "a substantial num- ber'' of nonessential surplus sol* diers to civilian life under an individual priority system. The priority system—based on length of service, service overseas, combat credit, and "parenthood credit"—will apply to all theaters and continental United States. But although military requirements in Europe "will be drastically curtailed" when Germany has been beaten, the war against Japan will still be going on, the war department emphasized, and that war will receive "first, priority" in everything, including men and the ships to move them. To the Pacific theater, the war department said, "will be transported ..millions ot ..Uyhting men, millions of tons of landing barges, tanks, planes, guns, ammunition and food." Therefore, "it may take months" before surplus men from no longer active theaters can be returned to the United States to join the "surplus pools" from which nonesson- tial soldiers with the highest priority scores will be chosen for discharge. And In any case, regardless of individual priority standings, "certain types of personnel ean never become surplus as long as the war against Japan continues." The war department did not say ho\v many men would bo returned to civilian lift 1 . Last month, however, Major-General Lewis B. Hershey, director of selective service, estimated that 1,000,000 to 2.000,000 men might be dropped by the armed forces from the time of Germany's defeat, to the collapse of Japan, Present army strength is 7,700,000, with 4,000,000 to 5,000,000 men now overseas, more than 1,000,000 of them in the Pacific. "Tho size of the military establishment that will be needed after the defeat of Germany." the war department said, "has been calculated with the same exactness as the sixe of the army needed up to now. "No soldier will be kept in the military service who is not needed to fulfill these requirements. No Continued on Pago Two IIS .ECONOMY TO RETURN T01939 chamorros LEVEL AFTER NAZI DEFEAT: K WPB CHIEF SAYS RECONVERSION PROGRAM WILL REMOVE PRODUCTION RESTRICTIONS AFTER X-DAY Telephone Workers Get $2 Pay Increase Bakersfield ceived word, Labor Board crease of $li telephone office re- today that the Wai- has approved an in- a week in wages for clerical and operating employes of the 1'aciiic Telephone Company. The increase is retroactive to September ], liMIl. More than 1^9, 000 clerical and operating employes of the I'aeit'ic Company and the Bell Telephone Company in California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington and northern Idaho are covered by the agreement. WASHINGTON, Sept. <i. (U.E)—Acting War Production Board Chairman J. A. Krug declared today Unit tliu civilian economy would return' to "a 1039-pJns level" after Hie defeat of (ienminy and he said the country would be "ama/ed" at the speed with which consumer good* are turned out. "It is our opinion that there will bo so much non-military production after X-day—the day Germany falls—that it will be unnecessary to have a planned reconversion," Krug said. He said his newly announced re- conversion program will "substantially remove" all restrictions from civilian production after the defeat of Germany and he predicted that private enterprise would soon find its own way back to civilian work. Removes lied Tape "We're going to help so that business will not have to go through a lot of cumbersome red tape to get back into civilian production," Krug said at 'his first press conference. "We can't wet-nurse 200,000-orid enterprises." Krug refused to w peculate "» which consumer goods will return first. "But you'll be amazed," "at how fast it will be." He said he knew one leading automobile manufacturer who figures •he will be making passenger cars about three months after X-i)ay. Asks Information Meanwhile, Secretary of Com merce Jesse Jones sent telegram** to ' 376 private industries operating 5X0 ' war plants owned by the Defense j Plant Corporation, asking for infor-| mation about whether the operators i plan to acquire any of the installa- ! tionH for postwar civilian production, i "We need the information to aid UH in planning to keep as many of the- properties as possible in production either through sale or lease," Jones said. Krug, announcing the new \VPR conversion program last night, wild industry would be allowed to "make whatever people want" after Oer- many surrenders, with no restrictions except those necessary to bring about swift defeat of Japan. Beaten for Aiding Tweed JAPS FLOGGED, KILLED GUAM NATIVES FOR HELP TO HIDING AMERICANS CILTAM. Aug. l.'l. (CorrecU (UP) — Tho natives of Guam, known as ChiimorroH, underwent flogging, torture and oven death to set up a rude "underground railroad" to shelter Radioman George Ray Tweed and five other United States sailors who went into hiding when the Japanese invaded and captured the island. The .story behind Tweed 1 * 2».j- ye;ir gnm« of deadly hide-and- seek with the Japane.se was told today at Third Amphibious Corps headquarters by two of the natives who did most to aid him. Two Shot From Ambush They helped to hide the five other navy men, too. But those five did not have Tweed's good fortune. According to the Chamor- ros, two were shot to death from ambush. The other three were forced to dig their own graves, then were bayoneted to death and pitched in. Continued on Page Two lory at an undisclosed r and have smashed across the Moselle river in a drive toward the Siegfried Line which n start* officer said today the Allies "of course" can break. United Press Correspondent Robert C. Richards reported from the Third Army front that German resistance had stiffened as the Americans burst through the Moselle river- lino, apparently in the Pont-a-Mousson ara midway between Metx and Nancy. - •; Supreme headquarters cautioned against taking the patrol thrust into Germany to mean that the aatault on the Nazi homeland had begun. A headquarters broadcast to foreign workers in Germany, however, said that "the collapse of the German armies in the west means that battles soon will be fought on German soil." Lacking- official information, it wns believed the American frontier crossing was made somewhere in the area of Thlonvllle, just south of Luxembourg. Last River Barrier By forcing the Moselle the Americans hurtled the last river barrier west of the German frontier. Far behind the fighting front, the German garrisons of Brest and lie Havre still were holding out despite heavy bombing. Another ultimatum was delivered to the Le Havre garrison today after Royal A!r Force heavy bombers saturated the force of some 5000 diehards with more than 1200 tons of bombs late yes^ terday. The Canadians reached the outskirts of Boulogne after an advance in the face of artillery fire. An estimated 5000 Germans were manning the Boulogne defenses. • Reach Calais Coast At the same time other Canadian elements swung inland around Boulogne and reached the coast on each Hide of Calais. It was possible that the column east of Calais would continue along the last miles of the coast road to Dunkerque. Headquarters revealed that the mupup of a big pocket southwest of Continued on Page Two ho said. MeCarran Wins Third Fight for Nevada Senate Seat LOSS REPORTS SUB KIMMEL'S SON, CREW OF 65 MEN MISSING * i FILES DIVORCE SUIT LOS ANGELES, Sept. 6. Screen Writer Jane Murfin Crisp has filed a divorce suit against Ponald Crisp, 64-year-old character actor, alleging that he deserted her without cause two years ago. They were married in 193L'. UKXO, Nov., Sept. (i. <UR>— 1 T . S, ! Senator Patrick A. U J -'.t) MeCarran today apparently had won his third and hardest fight for the. Democratic nomination, holding a. growing lead over Lieutenant (Jovernor Vail Pitt- an, Ely publisher. With only -9 scattered precincts in the state yet to report. McCar- rail's lead was neuring the 1000- mark. Returns from the missing precincts, observers said, could riot change the ultimate result. Whether they would increase or decrease the senator's margin of victory was problematical, it was said. Hectic Campaign Throughout the campaign, one of the most hectic in Nevada history, Pittman, younger brother of Nevada's late great Senutpr Key Pittman, hammered relentlessly at Me- Carran's record as an asserted pre- Pearl Harbor isolationist, classing him with D. Worth Clark, defeated in Idaho; Bennett Champ Clark, who went down in Missouri; Cotton Ed Smith, who lost in South Carolina, and Gerald Nye, who edged out a victory in North Dakota. Piltrnun alsu attacked McCarran's retold for alleged nonsupport of the Roosevelt administration. By his victory McCarrrui apparently will meet George Malone, former state engineer, in the general election in November. Malone LeatK Malone, one face of the incomplete returns, apparently had won over Kendrick A. Johnson, Reno divorce lawyer and World War 1 and II veteran, and Kenneth F. Johnson, youthful state senator. Berkeley L. Bunker, former United States senator who was appointed to fill out part of the unexpired term of the late. Key Pittman and lost two years ago in the primary to United States Senator James G. Scrugham, staged a political comeback, piling up a safe and ever- growing lead over Incumbent Maurice J. Sullivan. Bunker will meet Rex Bell, ex- movie cowboy, who now owns a vast ranch near Searchlight, in the southern tip of Nevada, where he runs more than 1000 head of purebred white-faced cattle. Bell is the husband of the former "It Girl" of the screen, Clura Bow. AVASHINGTOX, Sept. fi. OP>—Loss in <u-Uon of the submarine Robalo, commanded by Lieutenant-Commander Manning Marius Kimmel, son of Hear-Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, was reported by the navy today. The submarine, a navy announcement said, and its 65-man crew, was "reported lost in action" against un- kientitVid enemy forces. Kimmel, 31, has been on submarine duty since 1938, and holds a silver star medal for his part In the "sinking of a significant amount of Japanese shipping." Ho took command of the year-old Robalo and its crew of at least 65 officers and men in March, 1943—his first assignment as skipper of a submersible. His father, Admiral Kimmel, now is awaiting courtmarUul in connection with the Japanese December, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor. A navy board of Inquiry currently in studying circumstances of the attack. Admiral Kimmel at that time was commander ot naval forces In the Pacific. No information was given on where the Robulo, a 1500-ton, fleet* type submarine made her last war patrol but she is presumed to have been operating: in the Pacific. Her loss raised to 28 the numbe^of submarines lost since the w^r started* All but four are re from war patrols. The loss brings to t7C thA IK of United States naval VMMNtl« ty.ues lost since December T, INI, ' s * to ••j •' •'»;'/ -i : _ -'
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