Hays youngster learns to manage her disease / C1 HEALTH Chief rival Kansas City looks to continue dominance of Seattle/D1 SPORTS • Klan's message: KU KIUX delivering fliers in Salina / B1 : Britain bans most handguns after Scottish massacre / C4 INSIDE .ajfr^a^^aa^ . High: 56 Low: 30 Cloudy and colder today with chance of showers, winds 20 to 30 mph / B3 WEATHER < EB Salina Journal Classified/C4 Comics / B4 Deaths / AS Great Plains / B1 Health/C1 Money/ A4 Sports/ D1 Viewpoints / B2 THURSDAY OCTOBER 17, 1996 SALINA, KANSAS 50 cents A QUESTION OF TRUST Photos by The Associated Press GOP presidential candidate Bob Dole (left) and President Bill Clinton found themselves on opposite sides Wednesday night in the presidential debates in San Diego. In final presidential debate, Dole takes on Clinton at every turn By The Associated Press SAN DIEGO — Determined to revive his White House hopes, an aggressive Bob Dole accused President Clinton in Wednesday night's debate of presiding over an administration with "scandals almost on a daily basis." Clinton sought to deflect Dole's rapid-fire criticism, saying "no attack ever created a job." With just 20 days left to turn around the polls, Dole criticized Clinton at every turn. On »issue after issue, the Republican nominee painted his opponent as an unprincipled liberal who was hiding behind election-year conservative rhetoric. "The president doesn't have any ideas so he is out trashing ours," the Republican challenger said. He accused Clinton of grossly misrepresenting Dole's positions on taxes, balancing the budget and Medicare. Clinton, comfortably ahead in the polls,- was restrained in his responses. He listened to Dole's attacks with skeptical looks and let several salvos go unanswered, including Dole's demand that Clinton rule out pardons for Arkansas associates targeted by the so-called Whitewater investigation. "I don't want to respond in kind for all of these things," Clinton said. "I could. I could answer to all these things tit for tat. But I hope we can talk about... the future." "No attack ever created a job or educated a child, no insult ever cleaned up a toxic waste dump or helped an elderly person," he said. Trust was a central Dole theme. He said Clinton had violated the public's trust with administration "scandals almost on a daily basis," reminding the audience that the White House had collected sensitive FBI files on prominent Republicans. See DEBATE, Page A3 T AGRICULTURE T SALINA AIRPORT AUTHORITY Security to be tightened at Salina Airport X-ray machine and metal (detector will be used to screen passengers, bags !'By ALF ABUHAJLEH If he Salina Journal People flying out of Salina Airport • will see tighter security next March iwhen the airport starts screening passengers and baggages. Timothy Rogers, executive director I'pf the Salina Airport Authority, told .authority board members Wednesday .that Air Midwe.st will install a metal detector and an X-ray machine to screen carry-on luggage in the airport lobby. Greg Stephens, vice president of Wichita-based Air Midwest, which operates the USAir Express carrier between Salina and Kansas City International, said the equipment could cost up to $100,000 and will be installed by March 1. Stephens also said the company expects to add one or two employees to its Salina staff. The authority will build a secured area in the airport lobby where screened passengers wait before boarding their flights, Rogers said. He didn't disclose how much the construction will cost. The heightened security is the result of a 1995 Federal Aviation Administration mandate that requires all airline carriers with more than 10 seats to secure the safety of their passengers before takeoff, said Mark Hess, an FAA spokesman in Washington. USAir Express seats 19 passengers on its three daily flights to and from Kansas City. FAA regulations hold airlines responsible for passenger and baggage screening. Airports need to provide security for airport perimeters, space for screening and secure areas, Hess said. "We don't think that safety is a real concern at the Salina Airport," Stephens said. "But the FAA has told us to increase the safety, and passengers are demanding better safety measures at all airports." Stephens said the new procedures will slow down the service at the airport. Passengers, however, don't mind the extra wait, if their safety can be guaranteed, he said. Both Stephens and Rogers are prohibited by FAA regulations from discussing how the security system will be implemented. But Rogers said the threat of terrorism at the Salina Airport is no more imminent now than in the past. "This is an issue that has been discussed in the airline industry for a couple of years now," Rogers said. "What this will do is ensure passengers that during all stages of their flights there's one level of safety and one level of security." Conservation program has supporters Farm Bureau president warns of return to Dust Bowl if Conservation Reserve Program is scaled back By LINDA MOWERY-DENNING Tlie Salina Journal Twice in a few minutes, Gary Hall raised the possibility of another Dust Bowl in western Kansas if the government allows millions of acres to leave a popular federal program that for a decade has idled erodible land. "We don't want to see the dust clouds rolling," said Hall, a Chapman farmer and president of the Manhattan-based Kansas Farm Bureau. He was not alone in his concerns. "I've been there. I've done that. I've worn the T- shirt. And I don't need any more experience with wind erosion," said Bob McClellan, a Palco farmer and cochairman of the natural resources committee of the Kansas Association of Wheat Growers. The farmers spoke Wednesday during a U.S. Department of Agriculture listening forum at the Holidome, 1616 W. Crawford. About 100 attended the meeting, one of 50 being conducted nationwide on conservation provisions in the 1996 federal farm bill. State conservation workers talked about several programs, but the focus of the more than three-hour session was the Conservation Reserve Program, which allows farmers to convert highly erodible and other environmentally sensitive cropland to approved conservation uses for 10 years. In exchange, producers receive an annual rental payment and cost-share assistance to implement the conservation practices. Kansas has 2.9 million acres enrolled in the program and ranks third behind Texas and North Dakota. Saline County has more than 21,000 acres. One of the proposed standards would eliminate from CRP any land that falls short of an government- established erodibility index, unless the land qualifies under special conservation practices such as a grassed waterway, stream buffer or field windbreak. Hall estimated between 580,000 and 1.2 million acres in Kansas would not be re-enrolled because of the stricter requirement. Other speakers said reduced rental rates would drive producers from the program. Under the present program, farmers in central Kansas are paid roughly $55 an acre to keep their land in CRP. Under the proposed rules, farmers would haye to rebid their land, and they could not go beyond an amount based on local land rental rates with weight given to erosion and soil productivity factors. Bird City farmer Dan Busse said rates in his county could drop as much as 40 percent, from $50 an acre to $20. "About 80 percent of the land will come out of CRP in our county," he predicted. More than a dozen speakers went to the microphone to offer their opinion on the rule changes. Most had only good things to say about CRP. But Steven Biehler, manager of Abilene's DeBruce Grain and owner of a livestock and grain operation near Herington, said the program has reduced the sale of farm supplies and helped other nations capture a bigger share of the world's export business because of scaled-back grain production in the United States. "Any further acres in CRP would have a negative effect on agribusiness," he said. On the other side, the Farm Bureau's Hall said the program has improved water quality in the state through the control of farm chemicals and sediment, increased wildlife habitat and added to farm income. Kansas farmers have received an estimated $1.6 billion. "It doesn't make sense to take away all these quality things and start over again," Hall said. Nancy Spiegel, a Formoso farmer and representative of Women Involved in Farm Economics, agreed. "I find it real frustrating that we would tear up this program, which has been a real success," she said. T SOCIAL SECURITY Social Security benefits increase But 2.9 percent hike is not safe from federal budget-balancers By The Associated Press WASHINGTON—Social Security benefits for 44 million Americans will go up 2.9 percent next year, marking the fifth straight year of modest increases in the government's biggest benefit program. The change will mean an extra $21 for the average Social Security recipient, increasing the monthly check to $745. Social Security cost of living adjustments in the 1990s have been rising at the slowest pace since Congress made the increases automatic 23 years ago. Advocates for the elderly warned Wednesday that even these moderate annual increases could be threatened if government budget-balancers proceed with AP/Artist proposals to cut them by about one-third on the ground that the Consumer Price Index is overstating inflation. "A loss of that magnitude would permanently plunge millions of older people — particularly long- surviving women — into poverty as they age," said Horace B. Deets, executive director of the American Association of Retired People. Deets said that for one out of four beneficiaries Social Security is their only source of income, and a 1 percentage point cut would mean over 10 years a $5,000 cut in average benefits. The 1997 raise already is seen by some as too small. "It should be closer to $100 or $150," said Paul O'Brien, 35, a Bostonian temporarily living in Washington, who said both of his parents receive Social Security. Supporters of a balanced budget say the only way to achieve that goal by 2002 and maintain it in the years beyond is to restrain growth in the government's two biggest benefit programs, Social Security and Medicare. A congressional advisory panel headed by Michael Boskin, former chief economist for George Bush, is scheduled to issue its final report on the CPI issue Dec. 1. It is expected to closely track a preliminary report issued last year that the CPI overstated inflation by around 1 percent. While President Clinton and GOP challenger Bob Dole have said little about Social Security during the presidential campaign, many believe entitlement reform will have to be faced by the next president. Social Security accountants have said if the cost of living increases were trimmed by l percentage point annually, it would eliminate two-thirds of the deficit Social Security is facing. The Social Security trust fund is expected to be broke by 2029, unable to pay full retirement benefits of the baby boomers. Time for atonement The Associated Two female members of the Nation of Islam use binoculars to get a better view of leader Louis Farrakhan during his speech at the "World's Day of Atonement." See Page A6.
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