The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 5, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Tuesday, September 5, 1944
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67 THE M KATIIKR Temperature Hieh yesterday . Low today Rainfall Season fAirport) ..................... «..«.... T Tear ago (Airport) .......................... T Season (Land Company) .................. T Year a EG (Land Company) ............ T Fo recant Continued clear and hot today and Wednesday. uy a Bond It Mav Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1944 16 PAGES No. 31 sti Soviet Gains Threaten Split in Nazi Front; Brasov, lOOTownsFall LONDON, Sept. 6. <UF>— Russian forces operating in Rumania have captured Pitcsti, important railroad and highway junction, 57 miles west of Ploesti and 105 miles from the Yugoslav frontier, a Soviet communique announced tonight. MOSCOW, Sept. Powerful Red 5. (U.E) forces army drove to within 22 miles of East Prussia's southern frontier today in a full-scale offensive that breached the heavily fortified Narew river line and threatened to split the entire Nazi front covering both Warsaw and the easternmost province of Germany. At the southern end of the long eastern front, Soviet troops stormed aud cuptured Brasov, gateway to the Trausylvanian plains leading northward to Hungary, and struck west and southwest of Bucharest to within 24 miles of Yugoslavia. Colonel-General Georgi Zakharov's Second White Russian Army opened the new offensive against East Prussia along a 35-mile front southwest of Lomzha and drove a deep wedge into the German lines. Attacking behind a thunderous artillery barrage, infantrymen fought through a maze of minefields, barbed- wire and trench barriers and forced a crossing of the Narew in the Os- troieka area, 21 miles southwest of Lomzha and 61 miles north-northwest of Warsaw. More than 100 towns and villages Russians had major break- communique fell as the drive swept G miles beyond the Narew into Nowawies, 22 miles below the east Prussian border. (Berlin admitted a deep Soviet penetration in the Narew-Bug sector on the approaches to East Prussia, but asserted that the failed to achieve a through.) The Moscow war claimed the capture of large quantities 'of German war material and reported that 1600 Nazis were killed in the drive across the Narew yesterday. fcakharov's sudden thrust tied in closely with the overall Soviet etrategy for the liberation of Warsaw, where Marshal Konstantln K. Rokossovsky's First White Russian Army was at grips with the major part of the German army's northern armored forces. The threat to East Prussia was expected to draw off a considerable part of the German arm A* from Warsaw and produce important repercussions in the battle. One of the greatest tank battles of the war has been fought to a standstill on the northeastern approaches to Warsaw during the past few weeks. The Germans massed great armored strength there in a determined effort to hold the city, and losses on both sides are described here as "very heavy." Zakharov's new offensive poised a serious flanking threat to the German armies in East Prussia. General Ivan D. Cherniakhovsky'a Third White Russian Army was massed along the Lithuanian-East Prussian frontier in great force and was believed ready to strike if Zakharov's troops continue tu make headway from the south. On the Rumanian front, the Second Ukrainian Army, supported by strong Rumanian units, swept 47 miles north-northwest from their Continued on Page Six Tito's Men Launch Drive on Railways LONDON, Sept. 5. (UR)—Marshal Tito's Yugoslav Partisans launched an all-out drive against the German network of communications in Yugoslavia, and first official report* indicated today that the Patriots were cutting rail lines to pieces. I A communique at Yugoslav quarters said the Partisans had severed rail lines the length and breadth of Yugoslavia, including the areas uf Siberia, Croatia, Slovenia, Monte* negro, Dalmatia and Macedonia. The attacks were described as a •ystematio program to render vital communications useless to the Nazi high command, already bogged down hC' battered transport routes in Europe and Germany itaeU, —Culifornlan-NEA Telephoto JAP GUAM MASSACRE SURVIVORS—Lone survivors of bestial massacre in < which at least 51! native Chamorros were beheaded by retreating Japs on Guam, Juan Cabrera (left), 16, and Beatrice Plores Peress- show the horrible wounds hacked in their necks and shoulders by bayonet-wielding Nip soldiers after they were* left for dead and pushe<T'into'bomb crater used as common grave. RUSSIA CHARGES BULGARIA WITH NAZ OPENING WAR MOVE THROWS IN DOUBT ACTION OF U. S., BRITAIN, AWAITING CAIRO PEACE TALKS j Belgians Give Big Welcome to Liberators ALLIED FLAGS FLY BEFORE LAST GERMANS DRIVEN FROM BRUSSELS LONDON. Sept. ,". (JP)~- Soviet Russia declared war tonight upon Kul- gnrin, declaring she had been serving the Germans through three years of war. The declaration threw into doubt the fate of incipient armistice discussions between Bulgarian envoys on the one band and representatives of the United States and Britain on the other. These discussions were just getting underway in Cairo last week when a change in the Bulgarian government took place. Red army troops which struck through Rumania were at the Bulgarian frontier on a broad front overlooking the Danube. A foreign office statement broadcast from Moscow and recorded by the Soviet monitor announced the break with Bulgaria. Moscow earlier brushed aside Bulgaria's newly announced claim of "strict neutrality." The statement quoted a note handed the Bulgar envoy to Moscow by Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov. Charges Nazi Aid "For over three years Bulgaria has in practice helped Germany in her war against the Soviet Union." the note said, but added that Moscow took into consideration that the little kingdom was unable to resist German forces at the time. "Caught in a pincers by Soviet troops from the east and by Allied troops which landed in France from the west," it said, 'Germany found herself in a catastrophic position and her armed forces, smashed and routed, are forced to retreat on all fronts." Germany's loss of Italy. France, Rumania and Finland was cited. "The fate of Germany is decided." the note declared. "The war is completely lost by Germany." So-Culled Neutrality The note continued that "despite this, the Bulgarian government even now refuses to break with Germany, is carrying out a policy of so-called neutrality by virtue of which she continues to render direct aid to Ger- Continued on Page Six By RICHARD I). McMILLAN BRUSSELS, Sept. 5. (UP)—The Belgians, confident for months that liberation was near, prepared a celebration that outdid Paris in its welcome to the liberators. Before the last German fled the city, Allied flags hidden four years were flying all through the capital. Welcoming banners, on which patriots had been working secretly for months, were stretched across streets and the women donned dresses of the black, yellow and red national colors. As the British swept into the capital, the cheers of the joyous inhabitants drowned out the shots being exchanged by the liberators and isolated pockets of Germans in various parts of Jthe city. The liberation " was a one-day miracle of the war, British armored forces crossed the Belgian border at dawn, swept 70 miles across Flanders and by night had entered Brussels. I traveled with the British armor along 50 miles of the parade, interrupted occasionally by battles with isolated German columns which were mowed down quickly. As we reached Brussels, the skyline was ablaze. German rear guards had set fire to Gestapo headquarters and^the palace of justice to destroy documents and they had blown up the telephone exchange and the radio station. Huge welcoming bonfires roared in the center of the city. Crowds besieged the tanks and women and girls rushed up to embrace "les Tommies." But the armor had to forge on too quickly for many embraces. Final Witnesses Set for Murder Tria SANTA ROSA, Sept. ,5. (UP)— Final prosecution witnesses were to be called today to testify m the murder trial of William Ashton "Slim" Riley, former Idaho cowoby, charged with the fatal beating of his 48-year- old ranch partner, Mrs. Jesse Brajmil. Mrs. Brassil's will named Riley executor and sole heir to her estate, valued at some $30.000. nks Sink Nip Ships Five-Day Bombarding Over Mikado's Empire Yields 158 Planes By LEONARD M1LLIMAN Associated PI-PSB War Editor Thirty Japanese ships and 107 planes were wrecked in a blazing chain of American sea and air bombardments, reported yesterday and today, extending over the 4500-mile length of the Mikado's empire. The attacks covered one of the most devastating five-day periods of the war—from last Wednesday to Sunday. Previously reported air actions ran Japan's losses for the five days to 158 planes knocked out aud 55 ships sunk or badly damaged. Sixty-eight barges, sampans and other small craft were also crippled. The heaviest blow was struck by powerful carrier and naval forces striking within 650 miles of Japan in a three-day bombardment of the Bonin and Volcano islands. Bombs, rockets and shellfire knocked a dozen Nipponese ships and 85 planes out of action. Land-based Liberators followed up to rprry the bombardment into four consecutive days, Another dozen ships were destroyed or damaged in the southern Philippines. A single Catalina flying boat attacking an eight-ship convoy in Davao gulf definitely sank three and probably three others. A record 140-ton raid on the Celebes, south of the Philippines, wiped out between 18 and 22 Japanese planes, three sizeable ships and three coastal craft. A fast naval force shelled and bombed Wake Island Sunday, two days after the strike at the Bonin- Volcano group 1645 miles to the west, without flushing any prey. The simultaneous use of the two task forces indicates the power of the fleet operating in the Pacific. Land-based planes were opposed only by anti-aircraft guns in raids on Paramushiro, north of Japan; Palau, Halmahera, Talaud. and other islands protecting the Philippines; Truk and Ponape in the Carolines, and other Japanese-held islands in the Marshalls, Marianas and Dutch East Indies. Six United States planes were reported missing in the entire series of raids. Only encouraging reports for Tokyo came from China. Three Japanese columns advanced to within 40 miles of the United States airbase at Lingling in southeast China. British soldiers advancing to the Japanese-abandoned town of Sit- taung in western Burma, passed the bodies of more than 1000 Japanese, mostly victims of starvation. Veterans of Second Marine Group Home SAX FRANCISCO, Sept. 5. (UK)— Eager to begin long-awaited 30-day furlough trips home, 300 veterans of the famed Second Marine Division were in San Francisco today after 30 months overseas duty that led from Guadalcanal to Tarawa, Sal- pan and Tinian, bloodiest of the Pacific campaigns. Methods Ready for Making Fuels From Sand, Shale LOS AXGELES, Sept. 5. <UR)—Engineers have ready basic processes for producing liquid fuels from tar sands, coal and oil shales* if nature does not provide enough oil, A, L. Lynmn, director of the California Research Corporation, told the chamber of commerce today. "The oil industry has scientific and engineering staffs to perfect and apply these processes when the time comes," he said. 30 Billion Barrels "But at present best authorities estimate our crude oil supply to be These new processes add to a re- a pretty good working inventory." "Maximum depth of wells has been doubled since the last war, Lyman reported. And many of the new oil fields were found in these deep zones..". "Using all new available processes, engineers estimate an 85 per cent yield of gasoline from crude oil can be reached," Lyman said. Old-time methods averaged only about liO per cent for the country." Better Fuels "This will mean large quantities of super fuels better than any prewar gasoline, for any new power unit which may require them." "Alkylation and polymerization are perfected processes for building up large molecules from smaller ones, making highest grade synthetic gasoline from gas," Lyman elaborated. "Catalytic cracking is breaking up heavy oils into lighter ones in the presence of a special catalyst to control the quality of the products," he said. These new procescses add to a refinery's flexibility to produce a wide ratine of qualities to meet changing mar. t)t demands, Lyman told the ffTO U if NAZIS BURN FRENCH TOWN, KILL RESIDENTS REPORTER DESCRIBES SCENE OF VILLAGE LEFT SMOKING SHELL, EVERY LIVING THING SHOT > WES GALLAGIIKR MARTIXCOURT, Franco, Sept. 4, (Delayed) (fi*) —Have you ever seen a town murdered? This one was a few hours ago by German soldiers. Every house is a smoking shell. Bodies of dogs, eows, pigs and even chickens lie slaughtered in the street. Under an apple tree, beside an overturned basket of apples he had been picking lies the bullet-torn body of a 72-year-old grandfather, half-burned by a termite grenade. In a greriade-torn church is the body of a young man. He had been in bed with a broken leg when German soldiers burst into the house, shot him in the head. Other Bodies There are. two other bodies and but for a women's pleadings there might perhaps have been more. In four and a half years on %ar fronts I had always viewed stories of Germans wiping out a town or village with suspicion, so when I received a report at rear'headquar- ters that a reconnaissance patrol had found Martincourt wiped out 1 took the opportunity to see for myself. It was arranged by the area commander that Earl Mazu, Greenville, S. C., of Stars and Stripes, and myself go in with an armed escort bringing up rations. When we arrived a dazed old woman was poking through burning rubble. A mustached. typical Krench .peasant in a blue shirt and faded corduroy pants was the only other cTvilian visible. His eyes were red from weeping. The Germans had shot his won. Column Enters Town From them and .Llcutennnt Philip Wagner, Cincinnati. Ohio. whose reconnaissance column first entered the town, we pieced together the story. Two days ago the KKI ambushed a German staff car nearby, whereupon members of a Gorman panzer grenadier division surrounded the village, shooting at anything in sight. Everything alive on the streets was killed. That's how the 72-year-old grandfather died. Continued on Page Six PLANS FOR DEMOBILI MEN SET BY MILITARY LEADERS WAR DEPARTMENT WILL ANNOUNCE PROGRAM WEDNESDAY; EDUCATION OF PUBLIC PLANNED WASHINGTON, Sept. 5. (HE)—The war department will announce at noon tomorrow its plans for demobilizing fighting men, it was disclosed today after a conference of military leaders and members of the House military affairs committee. Major-General William F. Tompkins, chief of the army planning branch; Major-General Lewis B. Hershev and & Colonel Francis V. Keesling, Jr.. of selective service; Captain Willinm P. Terrell of the bureau of nnvnl personnel, and other army and navy officers revealed their plans to the committee at a closed session but declined to make them public today. Committee Chairman Andrew J. May (D-Ky.) told newsmen alter the meeting: that the plans would he released by the war department tomorrow but said he was not at liberty to make any statement about their nature. Educate Public Other committee members said that of the army's program is to educate the public about its system of discharging troops so there will he general acceptance of the plan to be followed. According to one committee member, part of this educational process will be to make fathers and mothers understand why "Johnny Jones cannot be released from service when Jim Smith who lives across the street and entered the service about the same time was discharged." Committee members said Tump- kins was not asked how many troops Continued on Puge Six Victory Sure, Chiang Tells r* session CHINA PRESIDENT APPEALS FOR UNITY IN MILITARY AFFAIRS LA JAP RAID REPORTED By AHHocia tpd Press Japanese bombers were reported by the Tokyo radio today to have raided Liuchow, Kwangsi province, China, destroyed tun Allied aircraft, blasted th« runway and fired a fuel dump. All the raiders were declared to have returned in base. The enemy report was nut confirmed by Allied quarters. SWEDEN DENIES HAVEN STOCKHOLM, Sept. .1. (ff)— SWeden will refuse asylum to war criminals und return, to their own countries for justice any who ".slip through" the Swedish frontiers, Minister of Social Affairs Uu.stav Moeller declared In a speech tonight. FIELD MARSHAL KILLING ROME, Sept. r.. <UPJ—Adolf Hitler gave the German high command six hours to arrange the death of Field Marshal Walter von Reichenau. Nazi commander in southern Russia, whose death was reported on January 17, 1942. the publication Allied Armies in Italy said today, quoting a war prisoner. TO INVESTIGATE SPENDING WASHINGTON, Sept. 5. Of*)— The Henate voted unanimously today to let ,a special committee spend an extra $40,000- to inventl- gate campaign expenditures of can* didates for president, vice-president and the Senate. , sopt. r,. President Chiang Kai Shck. in a .speech key noted by confidence of victory, appealed for "political unity and unity in military affairs" today, as he opened the third plenary session of the third peoples' political council, .significantly attended by Communist delegates. Two hundred and forty delegates represent ing all sections and all political groups of Krei> China, who will meet for the next 14 days applauded Chiang's statement: "One assurance I can give you: There is no danger to our military sit nation, no doubt about our victory." Among the delegates, meeting in their annual conclave to participate in the government and exercise criticism, were communists Un Tsu Han and Tung Pi Wu. Lin, who has been in Yenan Province for several years, is In Chung- king attending four months' discussions with the Central government on the Communist situation. wn American Troops Reoch or Cross German Frontier on Broad Front, Dispatches Say; Defense of Low Countries Collapses AT THE SWISS-FRENCH FRONTIER, Sept. 5. OP)—Reports reaching this frontier tonight said the Allies had captured Aachen and Saurbrucken in Germany. SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 5. (UJR)—Lieu tenant-General George S. Patlon's Third Army has reached the Moselle in force between Met/ and Nancy, a front dispatch revealed today, and an unconfirmed report was published here that United States tanks had reached Strasbourg on the German border and lighting was in progress on German soil around Saar- brucken. British armored forces cut deeper into The Netherlands more than 30 miles beyond Antwerp, strengthening a trap closed on some 100,000 Germnns pinned against the channel const. The lower side of the channel pocket was collapsing. Canadian troops speared within 0 miles of Boulogne on the Straits of Dover. The Evening News said the German garrisons of Boulogne. Calais, Gravelines and Dunkerquc were trying to escape by sea in a reversal of the Allied Dunkcnjue evacuation in 1940. Robert C. Richards, United Press correspondent with Patton's Army, said the American vanguard came to grips with the Germans in the village of Pont-a-Mousson, astride the Moselle, roughly midway between Metz and Nancy. In the first word from the Third Army front in several days, Richards said the Yanks held the part of j Pont-a-Mousson on the west, bank ! ALLIES DRIVE YILLARS SWISS MOBILIZE TROOPS ON BORDER HOME, Sept. 5. <UP.>—Kr*rtch forces of the Allied Seventh Army drove up the west bank of the Saone rivei today to reach Le VillaTP, Ifl miles north uf Lyon and 55 .miles south of Dijon, narrowing th«» last escape gap for Germans remaining" in southern France west of the Saone. A curtain of military secrecy again dropped over the progress of American troops east of the Saone, although as long ago as Sunday they already had passed through Montrevel and reached points less than 120 miles from the invasion armies of the north. Morez Occupied (Geneva dispatches reported the the river, beyond which the Ger- \ Americans hud occupied Morez, 51 mans had retreated after a brisk skirmish and the demolition of the bridges across the 8(M'oot stream. There in Strength "Although patrols previously had stabbed across the vital waterway guarding the last Nazi defenses in northeastern France, this was the only point at which American troops were standing on tho Moselle in substantial strength," Richards said. The London Evening News, however, published n dispatch credited to French frontier .sources, which said American armor had plunged to ih,e Rhine and the German border at tile outskirts of Strasbourg, 75 miles east of Nancy. To the northwest, the dispatch, which lacked confirmation in any other quarter, said, American nnd Gorman troops were locked In battle j on Nazi homeland soil around the border city of Saarbrucken. American advances on the center of the front wore indicated by'the announcement of Premier Pierre Dupong of Luxembourg. Allied forces had marched into the Grand Duchy and its hour of liberation was at hand. General O wight 1>. Kisen- hovvcr matin a like statement day in a message broadcast Ltixemboiirgers. Nea The only specific \\ord at headquarters was that Canadian troops had pushed near Boulogne, indicating that the south side of the pocket enclosing tens of thousands of Germans was caving in. The harrier penning the Nazis to the coast was about 140 miles long, lying between the Boulogne area through Aire and Lille to Antwerp. The Nazis, apparently doomed to death or capture, were reported sur- Continued on I'uge Six y ester- to the miles north of Le Villars, and 4 miles from the Swiss frontier, and that the German garrison at that point had fled across the border to be interned. ;The same sources also reported that the Swiss federal council' had ordered partial mobilization of bor* der troops, and that virtual panic had broken out among German civilians along the Swiss-German fron* tier. Thousands were jamming roads£ leading to the interior of the Reich,' dispatches said.) Since Sunday there has been no official Allied mention of any noteworthy German resistance to the Allied advance, which already has extended more than SO miles north of Lyon. Advances Rapid Both the communique and official amplifications of such war bulletins have spoken continuously of rapid Allied advances and rapid German withdrawals, which, in the currently favorably terrain, could amount to at least ^3 to :JO miles a day. (The army newspaper Stars and Stripes in Uome today published a map indicating all of France south of the Loire and Chalon-Sur-Saone was cleared of Germans, with the enemy withdrawing from a narrow salient roughly bordering on Nancy, Ho urges, Nevors. Chalon-Sur Saone and Geneva—whirl-, from the vagueness of tho Seventh Army's commu- niques might easily he correct.) Ueaehing 1 Le Vilkirs, only 2 miles south of the Saono river towns o£ on Huge Six Index to Advertisers .-Vhrams Dr. U. IU. S. Economic Crackdown on Argentina Predicted Page D ...... i O 1 9 !*•••« A \J WASH IXGTON. Sept. 5. Diploma tic quarters expect sonic sort of economic:: action may bo taken by tho United Stales against Argentina, relatively soon. CoiiKidered possible are a ban on exports to Argentina, a prohibition against exports from there and a tie-up of Argentine funds, supplementing the recent stoppage of gold shipments to the Latin country. Decisions are up to Secretary of State Hull and President Roosevelt, but the role of the British in future United States-Argentine maneuvers is regarded as of utmost importance because Argentina supplies British meat and offers a large market for British products. Briii*li Stalling At present, It was learned today, the British are stalling their negotiations for a new meat contract, reportedly at Washington's urging. The existing agreement expire** September 30. Failure Up renew will _ J^r*_ _K put British purchases of Argentine with Germany. meat on a month-to-month basis leave London free either tu later or in KO along: with an American economic crackdown. The meat contract is the key piece in Argentina's economic structure and the miltarist regime of President bklelmiro Farrell had counted Htrongly on a pre-explratlon renewal. Negotiations to that end were going well, it is understood, until about two or three, weekn ago. I'rt'Nsure Increases Signs that the end of war in Europe may be approaching have increased pressure in American official quarters for some economic action to implement the political policy of nonrecognitlon of the Parrel! regime, in force since the first of this year. The fall of Germany, exponents of such action believe, will weaken the popular position of the regime which curne to power after ousting ti government because it broke relations Amateur Wrestling , Arvin Theater Austin Studio 2 BaInure Hock Kesort 13 Basie, Count 13 Booth's 5 HpK-k's ('itlzcns Laundry riawsun. I.. H Coffee. Harry 2 Culliton, John \V 7 Durmau Photo - - . u LCusteru Kggers 10 11 Firestone Stores ........................ 13 Kliekinger-Digiei 1 .......................... 15 heaters .............. .................... 13 Garber. Jan Granada. Theater 13 13 Haskell, Dr. Harold 2 Ivers Furniture , 7 Judds U KEHN 12 KPMO -..12 Labor Views the News 12 Lun, T ^. 7 McMahan's 7 Montgomery Ward , „ 4 Phi|Hp« Music Co 2 Rlalto Theater .... Hiver Theater .... Scott & Gilbert-... 13 4 Sierra Book Store 10 Union Cemetery Theater ».» .« 1 elll's 9. 15 .<»«,. 13 9

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