The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 4, 1944 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Monday, September 4, 1944
Page 12
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Monday, September 4, 1944 Cbttortal $age of JSafeerstftelb Califorman ALFRED MABRELL ID1T01 AND PUBLISHES Enur«d In post office at Bakcrstleld, California, a* s-cond class mall under the act of Congress March 8, 1ST!). MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tb« Associated Prms Is exclusively entitled tn trip use for p"' 1 '""«• lion ol all Dews dispatches credited to It or not ntlicrwlpp creibied In this paper, and also the local news published therein. The Bakersfleld Callfornlan Is also a client of the L'nted Press and receives its complete wire «erv" e. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York. Chicago, San Francisco. Lns Ansrlc^. Seattle. Portland. Dtnvn WASHINGTON. D. C . BUP.E.M The Haskin Service. Washington. I-' By carrier or mall (in advance) In postal znnr* "tie tv.o. tlirec. per month. Siic: six months, $5.10: one yrn', S'.* "". By mall in postal zones tour to eight, per month, tl o:> POLITICAL HOUSECLEAMNG T HE dust of political lioiiM'rlouning in Ku- rope is now arising oven before the dust of summer battle has settled. In the wake of war the politicians move in before the debris is cleared away. Most notable of the firsl dmnges are those effected in ousting the Germanophilc cabinet of Ion Antonescu, the marshal of Rumania, lickspittle puppet of the Germans. This action was taken formally by young King Michael. In making Ibis decree, the king asked for Allied bombings of specified tar- gels in his own country. Another major change in the political setup was the severance of the last tie between King Peter of Yugoslavia and General Draja Mikhailovitch, the man who played both ends, meeting with the Germans as well as the Allies. Marshal Tito, long in the good graces of Prime Minister Churchill and the Allied forces, is now the military representative of the king, who has been in exile for the peace of his soul and the safety of his royal person. Other major changes may be anticipated in France. General De Gaulle, the political officer of France, has been conspicuous in differences of opinion with the Allies, all in the safety of London and French Morocco. while in France "Les Gens du Maquis," or the French Forces of the Interior, have been doing what fighting has been done. Naturally these men who have withstood the brunt of the German occupation for years are going to have an assertive voice in the government of France. In a way, DC Gaulle and the men of his coteries, safe outside of France, are interlopers. They have "played" political roles while the Maquis have been doing what they could inside of France at the constant risk of their lives and, worse than that, at the risk of torture. Our Department of State has already declared itself in favor of France's own sclf- determinalion in government. This means the men within France will finally decide what to do. General De Gaulle has had his parade through Paris and even his first hour of triumph resulted in attempts on his life. Now the parade is over and it remains to be seen whether he will continue to head the procession. If he does not get "on" any better with his own people than he did with the Allies he will be in for trouble. NEED MORE PLASMA thrower that sends a roaring sheet of fire, hot enough to melt metal and cook a man in a few seconds and in advance of the tank's- progress for a distance of 4f>0 feet. The British call their new Churchill tank modification a "Crocodile." Fuel is carried in a tank trailer lowed behind the monster itself. It is a formidable weapon and the wonder is. as of many of these war devices, that "someone did not think of it before." Actually, infantry flame throwers in the army have had a difficult lime, for their equipment is heavy and they cannot carry enough fuel on their hacks to last for any great length of time. Now with flame- throwing equipment contained in a lank, and with a tank towing a trailer, the tactical use of these terrible devices becomes much more extensive and effective. SLAVE LABOR O M: of the things the decent people of this world are fighting against is slave labor and slave labor is now practiced in this world on a larger scale than ever before in history. Actually, the Reich is employing more than 7.000,000 conscripted laborers who must and do go where they are ordered and must and do work at the tasks put before them—work for long hours and eat scanty and poor food. These conscript laborers in Germany have been the backbone of the German war effort. The total does not include millions of other workers in occupied countries. It is estimated, though of course there is no accurate way of knowing, that the Japanese have conscripted more than 5,000,000 Chinese and are employing them to make war munitions. In almost every instance, families both in China and the defeated nations of Europe have been lorn out of their own homes and moved, irrespective of family lies. When the war ends it is the hope of civilized peoples that these vicious practices will be discontinued. Repatriation of conscripted peoples, if they ever are completely repatriated, will represent a tremendous job in itself and one that will nol be accomplished in a few months. Slave labor was a part of the plan of the "master race" in perpetuating its dominance. "MOVIE" HEROES M OBE blood plasma is needed for men in the fighting forces. The good news from Europe has resulted in a decline in the amount of plasma obtained from civilians who constitute the chief source of supply. The war is going on and thousands of men are being wounded and need this life-saving aid. There should be no cessation in the supply. Soldiers and sailors on the combat fronts have been reported giving their own blood to save their comrades in action. This situation should never occur except under the most extreme emergency.* It is hoped that the number of volunteers will increase again and that this thing may be done for those that are doing much greater things in the war. LA GUARDIA CHARGES P RESENT methods of disposing of war surpluses are those of the "junk dealer." according to a charge made by Mayor La Guardia of New York, who in a recent interview declared that surplus gloves were available at $3.03 a dozen pairs; evaporated milk at $3.15 a case or less, and that 100 motorcycles could be bought for New York's city department at a price that would "knock you over." Unless proper disposition of these war surpluses is made, the mayor predicted a rapid development of a major scandal and said that it was already in progress and gathering scope daily. The mayor said the war surpluses may be 17,000,000,000 and the estimate has gone as high as.$16,000,000,000. If these colossal Stockpiles are dumped on the markets at absurd prices it will ruin markets for regular dealers, according to the mayor's implication. * FLAMING TANKS rtlHE Churchill tank has been criticized as X not being so good as the German "Tigers" and "Panthers," but it now appears in a new (feus time equipped with a flame T in; adult mind, not particularly interested in all the psychological escape mechanisms of motion picture plots, has often intellectually ho-hummed and even haw-hawed over some of the daring of motion picture heroes, men who on celluloid could confront any hazard with equanimity and any danger with the assurance of complete courage. The deeds of motion picture heroes on the screen have often been the cause for amuscmnt in the older theater patrons. Rut in this war motion picture actors have made a splendid reputation. They arc serving on all our combat fronts with courage and assurance. Men like Robert Montgomery in the Navy and James Stewart in the Air Corps and hundreds of others from the ranks on through to field officers have proved thai reality has often transcended fiction. Most of these actors have become real heroes in their careers as well as on the reels of Ilollvwood. ATTITUDE TOWARD FRANCE S THONG affirmation of an American policy to foster in all manner the return to strength of France has been pronounced by our Slate Department. The right of the French people to choose their own government after the war is another assurance now made public by this government. The reply of the Secretary of Stale to a newspaper question concerning the status of the De Gaulle organization was thai ibis country stands for the privilege of the French people to do what they please in the matter of government. The definition of Ibis policy should please all Democratc peoples. Actually it is the only policy open to our Stale Department after its numerous declarations in keeping with the broad principles of the Atlantic Charter, but it will have a salutary effect through its reaflirmation. MEDICAL MIRACLES R KIM TAIJI.K doctors are always chary of advancing radical cures without long periods of careful checking and testing under wide varieties of conditions. 11 will be remembered how startling were the reports of the insulin shock therapy for persons suffering from dementia praecox. Some of the cures impinged upon the miraculous when the technique was first submitted lo medical men. Well, an interesting thing about the insulin treatment is thai il seems to be "standing up." Large-scale tests have disclosed that pa- lienls so Ireated are more improved than those not receiving the treatment. These tests have been made and careful records kept over a period of five years. The method was introduced by a Viennese surgeon, Dr. Manfred Sake*, during 1936. ERNIE PYL EDITOR'S NOTE—Ernie Pyle's Column wan nut available today and this feature Htory IB substituted. BY ROBERT UEIMS, Sept. 4. (Correct) (UP.)— j The people of Reims were cold after i the Americans came. They stood In j the street staring at you from the corners of their eyes and sometimes you almost realized how German soldiers felt walking through the same town. They were like that all the first day and the second day. The second night something happened to thaw them out—something named Private Bernie Hadler of -New York. The French, after four years without making "whoopee," were gathered in a cafe listening to French- j man Lou Gammes' band. Then | American OI's entered. The same ' coldness the Americans encountered I on the streets wns shown by the j crowd. I Then this short, grinning Badler ! jumped up on the band stand and grabbed a saxophone. He signaled the orchestra and began playing "Honeysuckle Rose." RICHARDS Although the girls had not danced since the German occupation, they managed somehow to follow jitter- buging parners. Private Lester Fargo, N. D.. who was busy bounc ing a girl around the dance floor explained: "She can't talk can't talk French having fun." One Frenchman, almost weeping, j explained the change: j "Germans come and everything i halted and Frenchmen's hearts wern j bitter. Americans come and every- • thing changed. The Frenchmen's hearts are light again." Schlmming. English and I but boy are we Tin- fi'.'ir left the faces of the | Krench. They began tapi>lng feet to the music. kin^liing and clapping | ; hands. B.-idlei . who formerly played with Jerry Wald's orchestra. pot hotter and hotter. He played "Stardust" ' ! until the I'Veneh hearts turned over ;ind by the time he reached "The St. j Louis Blues" GI's and French girls were dancing all over the place. . So Bernie Badler played and everyone had n marvelous time. The Frenchmen could not quite get over the spectacle of seeing a tank destroyer captain, with shaved head and coveralls, jitterbugging. They thought It a strange but wonderful way for an officer to behave. Then the military police came. "Hell, you know this town is out of hounds. Scram." They chased out all the soldiers and made Badler quit playing the saxophone. But they did not destroy the good will that had been created. The next day the people of Reims smiled at you. And F heard one or two of them humming "Honeysuckle Rose." From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 19,14) Mrs. Florence C. Porter, secretary of the city board of education, was re-elected to the office of executive secretary of California School Trustees Association at an annual convention in Santa Monica. William Houston, son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Houston, will leave Thursday for Prairie View, Texas, to resume his duties as an instructor of English, education and dramatics at the state college. Completing a nine weeks' vacation In .New York and Boston, Marjorie Fairbanks returned home yesterday. She joined her brother, Frank T. Fairbanks, assistant director of American Academy in Rome in New York City, seeing him for the first time in 14 years. Declared by judges to be one of the finest specimens ever exhibited at California State Fair, the local high school agricultural department's 8-year-old cow. "Miss Juliana Ormsby", won the grand championship in the Holstein class of the dairy division. .in A ike News -(By PAUL MALLON)- JHlolly woocl Ool umn -(By ERSKINB JOHNSON)- Kxrlusively yours: Virginia Weidler has turned down three important juvenile roles in as many weeks. ] .Vow, IS, shes holding out for more mature parts John Payne will receive an honorable discharge from the air corps within the next few weeks and will immediately return to the screen... .Joan Bennett's daughter. Diana, will follow in mama's footsteps and attend school in Connecticut this fall. .. .Author Lloyd C. Douglas is seriously ill at his Beverly Hills home. On doctor's orders, he's temporarily stopped writing a sequel to "The Robe." . . . Sabu, the elephant boy who won stardom in Hollywood, is now a corporal in the air corps. He's a tail gunner on a bomber . . . Bing Crosby's first production effort. "The Great John L.," will have a Boston, Mass., premiere. .Now it's Arthur Treacher. the screen's perfect butler, who turns out to be a wolf in Jeeve's clothing. He gets kissed on the screen for the first time by Jacqueline de Wit In L'niversal's "Penthouse Rhythm." . . . Comic Phil Silvers is burning over the new Broadway show, "Glad to See You." He made the expression famous . . . Singer Peggy Fears is planning to adopt a pair of war orphans . . . Universal starlet Anne Rooney and Capt. Paul Penrose, Western Airlines pilot, are in the clouds. Hay Massey is back in greasepaint for the first time in two years in Warner's "God Is My Co-Pilot." He recently received an honorable discharge from the Canadian army.. With all those high-salaried stars in the cast, "Duffy's Tavern" will look more like "Week-End at the Waldorf" . . . Daisy, the film dog, is finall to have a day of glory on the screen. She'll play a dog from the country who makes good in Hollywood and becomes a star in "Hollywood and Vine," a new movie. . . . Helmut Dantine and Ava Gardiner, Mickey's ex. are Hollywood's latest hand holders. ' Before skating in scenes for "It's j a Pleasure." Sonja Henie drinks a j cup of tea with eight spoonfuls of j sugar for extra energy . . . Bob | Steele, the cowboy star, will be featured in a new series of technicolor hoss operas . . . Looks like "Rickenbacker—Story of an American," will be filmed after all. They're writing a new script with LJoyd Bacon set as the director . . . Sonny Tufts is slated for better roles at Paramount since nomination as the No. 1 star of tomorrow in a national poll of theater exhibitors taken by the Motion Picture Herald. Connie Moore overheard it at a preview the other night. A lady offered to remove her hat for the man seated behind her only to have him retort: "Leave it on, lady, it's a lot funnier than the picture." What's in a name? Producer Sydney Williams has signed Cactus McPeters for the role of Hot Lips MacDougall in a new film. McPeters is the voice of Pluto for Walt Disney ....Add nice gestures: Cowboy star Jimmy Wakley donates JO per cent of his salary to the Boys Ranch at Melton, Tex. It's a home for orphans and wayward boys. Marie McDonald, who is a brunet. plays a blonde in "Guest in the House." She had to bleach her hair for the part. Day after the film was completed, Producer Hunt Strorn- berg called her to his office and said he had loaned her out for the Sonja Henie picture. "And you won't bo a blonde," he said. "Wonderful," said Marie. "You're going to play a redhead," said Stromberg, ducking. Jack Carson went to a sneak preview of a new movie the other night. It was a very bad picture and on his way out of the theater Jack said: "Now I know why they called it a sneak preview — the producer sneaked out before it was over." (Copyright. 1944. NBA Service, Inc.) line Readers' Viewpoint EDITOU'S NOTE— Leiten should be limited to 150 woidi; ma; attack ideas hut not person;; mu*i not bu abusive and should be written legibly and on one side of tne paper. 1'he t'allfornlnn Is not responsible for tbe sentiment* contained therein and reserve! the rlnht la reject am letters. Utters must bear an authentic address and signature, iltliouch these will he withheld 11 dealitd. I'RAVEK Editor The Californian: A prayer for grace, a gracious prayer, That's fit for here and everywhere! We pray. Dear Lord, this food we are about to eat. Will give us all the sense and strength we need, To win this war and write the peace! And when it's won, the peace we'll make will be by men achieved! But this alone Is not enough? We want to know, Dear Lord, If you are pleased? And If you please, tell how much? For if you are, and Jesus, your Son. We then will know we have well done! This is written just for you, and all the world to see! Please don't send an angel, nor your ' Son alone, We want you. Dear Lord, to come with them! To see what wo have done! Our peace, we hope, is such, That you, Dear Lord, will so approve! (And set hereon your Holy Seal) So what you have willed, will now be done On earth as it is done in heaven! God, Son and angel, Holy Trinity, Heads bowed in silence hushed, As each one said, amen, amen, amen, Resounding- now throughout the world, Like thunder broke the glorious Halleluiah! Such singing never heard before! The harmonies of earth and heaven! And Peace forever more! JAMES PEAltSON, (100 Roberts Lane, Bakersfield. CITY TAXES Editor the -California!!; I note that the city council has decided to up the tax on business hero within our city. This action appears to 1116 to be rathdr shortsighted. If we wish our town to grow In size and population, it seems as though common sense should tell us that we should encourage capital and people with capital to locate here. It happens that I personally know of tot least one eastern manufacturer who Intended to establish a branch warehouse together with a service department here in Bakersfleld, but decided to locate elsewhere when Informed that there would not only be no inducement offered here but a tax, Instead would be put on their business if they were to come. It appears to me that It la high time for us to put a stop to this small town • foolishness and do something to attract investors instead of re- polling them. MARTIN LEWIS. WASHINGTON HIGH Editor The Californian: The Washington Junior High School Parent-Teachers Association wishes to thank you for the fine publicity given us during the past year. MRS. KATE ASBILL, Corresponding Secretary. MRS. £. N. SMALL.EY, President. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, their prayer and their suppltcatolns, and maintain their cause, and forgive thy people which have sinned against thee, —// Chronicles 0:30. • * * Know all and you will pardon *H.— Thomas A. Kempis. '•'•; TWENTY YEARS AGO 'Tl:e Call torn inn, this date. HUM! A light six Studebaker was stolen from L)r. George Crease in front of the Brower building yesterday. <.'ity Manager James Ogden's big 12-cylinder roadster has been recovered and two men are under arrest for its theft, according to Chief of Police Horace Dupes. C. 11. Bowen. county superintendent of roclen control, is launching a squirrel extermination drive over 46.000 Tehachapi acres. The Misses Tena and Eldora De Mots, who attended Fresno Sierra Summer School, are now home. Kern county today won sweepstakes trophy for the best rural school exhibits in California at the state fair at Sacramento. A. J. Shragge of the Federal Outfitting Company reports that business conditions are improving greatly throughout the state. THIRTY YEARS AGO (Tin- CnJifnrnlan. (his dale. 19141 The Californian is picturing in today's society column little Joseph Tabor Tatum, I! ^-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Tatum. Mrs. C. E. Oetchell is visiting in Los Angeles. Kern Social Club members were entertained by Mrs. G. W. Hamilton yesterday afternoon. The Reverend and Mrs. John Civighton arrived in Bakersfield yesterday, coming here from Atlanta, Oa., where the Reverend Mr. Creigh- tou claimed his bride a few weeks ago. Bakersfield has mure paving to its credit than any other city of its size in California, according to C. B. Cireeley, engineer, who has made an extensive study of California cities. It. P. Trantum of Oil Center, formerly a lance corporal in the English army, is in receipt of many letters from friends and relatives in England and France reporting to him how the war is going. The letters show that residents in Berlin are desperate for food. WASHINGTON, Sept. 4.—The Gallup poll claims Roosevelt leading by a small margin. These commercial polls generally, In the past, have noted presidential races about even until two or three weeks before the real vote counting. A magazine poll of the political experts in the Washington press corps indicates a rather stronger expectation of a Roosevelt victory. This reflects. I think, the popular disbelief that anyone could ever beat Mr. Roosevelt, the naturtil sports notion that nearly always makes the champion the favorite. Generally the public cannot conceive of a champ losing, as he has never lost before. Yet the inside unquotable reports of the congressmen from back home actually give Dewey an even or better chance to win, as matters stand today. Discard all Republican reports us these might he partisan. Consider only those of Democratic legislators. They have been so discouraging- as to alarm and even embitter the Democratic political leaders, who are urging the President to drop his "nonpartisan" campaign and start a partisan one—and he will September 23. The spearhead of the fourth term movement was the Hillman-CIO political action committee, and all the politicos can see its effectiveness has been dulled, if not splintered. The other unions, and some CIO unions, would not stand for it. Wagering odds have dropped from - 'i to 1 on Roosevelt to 9 to 5 in the best racing circles. Take Maryland, which always has been listed as a sure-Roosevelt state. Today there is a Democratic cloakroom saying, possibly overdrawn, but nevertheless significant, that, "only Senator Tydings and his secretary think Maryland is going Democratic." These two claim the Roosevelt majority would be 25.000 today, but Roosevelt carried Maryland four years ago by 115,000. I know a southern Democratic leader who thinks Dewey will win and is making preparations accordingly. Other southerners insistently list Texas, Mississippi and Virginia as doubtful. There are reports that the Roosevelt Bremerton speech in the newsreels received little or no applause generally, while the campaign pictures of the Dewey family were well received. (Democratic leaders are now taking care of this deficiency and, within the past week, Roosevelt applause again has appealed in the movie theaters around Washington, at least.) All reports agree the farm vote is lost beyond redemption and the business vote for Roosevelt was damaged by the departure of little busi- nes.sman Nelson and big businessman Wilson from WPB in favor of a TVA engineer. FOR DR. CARREL, Editor The Californian: I am writing in defense of Dr. Alexis Carrel, whom you attacked with such vigor in yesterday's editorial. Carrel's "mechanical heart" represents a great advancement in science and medicine, and it is not "mechanical". It is rather a technique whereby excised organs of the body may be kept living indefinitely, thereby permitting physiological studies which would be Impossible in the living body. A simple demonstration of the technique of maintaining life in excised tissue may be conducted in a high .school biology class, and its principle applied allows doctors to perform cornea transplants, skin and bone grafts, blood and plasma transfusions, etc. Therefore this contribution is of considerable value. Carrel's philosophy, it is true, is often blurred by sentimentality, but his character has force usually lacking in a more Judicious mind. His contribution to thought is important, because he realizes, as do many other scientists, that the materialism and rationalism of science can be destructive of the great fundamentals of human life if allowed to run to excess. The revolt against the tyranny of an immoderate rationalism has led to an e'ven greater tyranny of totalitarianism in Europe. 1 hope our people will he able to turn this revolution into evolution involving a reconsideration of< the basic values of human dignity, integrity, and love. And to get back to Carrel, his action is probably motivated by the principles of science which do not forbid "collaboration" with anybody when the welfare of mankind is involved. ANONYMOUS FORTY YEARS AGO (The- Cullfnrninn, this date. 1U04) A'ida Turnell, 8-year-old girl, was traveling alone through Bakersfield to Flagstaff, Ariz., last night. She had been visiting an aunt in Washington. Public schools of Kern will open Monday, September 12. Lawrence Chenoweth will teach the seventh and eighth grades at Beale avenue; Millie Gardett will teach the third grade at Baker street school. Leo G. Pauly is supervising principal in charge. G. L. Robertson, reformer, real estate man and farmer, is out to down what he terms the tobacco curse. He has formed an anti-tobacco league. It Is his theory that tobacco leads to whisky. Experiments have been made in cotton culture in Kern county and though the plant does splendidly here it is not believed the industry would be profitable. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The California]!, thiailute, J8!M) Jim Hai-kins arrived in Mojave Sunday night from the mines, bringing a nugget weighing !) ounces and being worth about $lf>0. The nugget was found in the Wise & Harkins diggings at Goler, Richard Smith and Lily Cunningham were married by the Reverend J. H. Henry yesterday. At Mojave, Ed Harkins lost control of his team and fell under the wheels, suffering a fracture of his right leg above the ankle. Several bids were received this morning on the county hospital building. Lowest so far is that of Sylvester & Buckley, $15,335. Women's League has called a meeting for Sunday at Amory hall to discuss ways and means of moral reform. Miss May Stark left last night for Tehachapi to visit friends. C N, Beal is here after a trip to New York. SO THEY SAY Open space is not itself economic opportunity. There is not likely to be a shortage of farm land during the first two decades after the war. What we foresee is a "farm problem" instead of a "food problem" and instead of hungry mouths begging for food, agricultural surpluses will go begging for a market.—T. W. Schultz, University of Chicago agricultural economist. It is not enough that with the aid of our dear and splendid Allies we should drive the enemy from our soil. After what has happened to France we will not be satisfied until we enter the enemy's own territory as conquerors. „ We are going to fight on to the last day.—General Charles de Gaulle. Spread the news that France did not lay down her arms In 1940. She Has always fought. And tell the Americans that we like them, admire them and thank fhem.—Marcel Re- noard, French underground fighter. PEN SHAFTS , The word "utility steak" is added to our rationing language. If you run out of points, of course there's always that old cowhide suitcase upstairs, We read "elastic defense" Is being employed by the Germans. Don't tell us they're down to their last slingshot. One of our bombers sank a Jap cruiser the other day. A fellow has to be pretty lucky to run across one of those things nowadays. Earlier a considerable portion of the business vote, and possibly all the top financial vote, would have gone to Roosevelt, on the spending- recovery promise plus internationalism. On the other hand. New England . is still classed as largely doubtful (by Republicans) although Dewey has gone a long way toward satisfying the Willkie elements there. Probably Willkie expects to come » for Dewey just before election as he did on the eve of the election of I!t42 in New York. These developments as a whole may explain Mr. Roosevelt's decision to make a labor speech in Philadelphia and follow with others. After all 22,304.755 votes were cast against him four years ago (27,243,4(i(i for him) and all symptoms of sentiment suggest this opposition has been greatly enlarged. These 22.1104,75"> are nearly as many as elected him president in 1932 (22.821,857). His totals in 1930 and 1940 ran 27,000,000. Now many a campaign has been won on Labor Day only to be lost two months later on election day. I • think Willkie for Instance was i stronger at this stage of the race four years ago, than when the 22,3(14.755 votes were cast for him, Also 1 have seen Mr. Roosevelt completely turn over a campaign situation stacked mountain-high against him. He has been more clever as a campaigner than in any other phase of his duties. Yet nothing has developed so far in this cam- ••, paiKn vet points to that outcome again. The unpopular Hillrnan spearheading, the Nelson-Wilson switch, the ineffective "non-partisan attitude" have not seemed to bring the results, , compared with Dewey's organizing of the 26 governors in the only states he needs to win, his use of Dulles in the peace conference to kill the isolation tag on him and get the Willkie support, his killing of the radical campaign which had built up an elaborate case, accusing him of opposing soldier votes (he demonstrated, that one-fifth of all soldiers so far 'registered to vote throughout the country, have registered under his New York absentee state law.) To date, the Dewey campaign has been by far the smarter. Anyone who thinks this brief citation is not objective reporting, is merely deluding himself. There exists in this country a silent, strong opposition to Mr. Roosevelt, a re- i sentful opposition which is not in! dulging much in political debate, | which may not show itself at poll| tical meetings, or in press reports, i I think the fourth term will be j gravely in doubt until these votes are counted. (World copyright. 1944. by KUIK Features Syndicate. Inc. All riulus reservud. lleproduutlon In full or L part strictly prohibited.) W as Jinn ;ion Col umn -(By PET EH EDSON)Some new irisis hobs up in Washington every seven days. Most of them blow over. Nevertheless— On the morning when War Production Board Chairman Donald M. Nelson left Washington Airport for China, he said goodby to a few of his aides with every belief that the crisis in WPB top management, resulting in the resignation of Vice- Chairman C. E. Wilson of General Electric, had been settled in his— Nelson's—favor. Three hours later the President in a press conference statement threw the whole question into further confusion by intimating tht he did not know what would happen to Nelson when he got back from China—the question was too "iffy." Similarly, on the day before, Wilson called a 'press conference in which he blasted Nelson for his delays in putting into effect plans which Wilson claimed the credit for preparing. This happened right after Nelson and Wilson had called a meeting of 150 WPB executives, shook hands in front of everyone, and insisted there was no difference of opinion between them on plans for reconverting American industry from war to peace production. Thus at a time when business most needs steadiness and assurance from Washington, what it gets is another scandal. Lesser WPB officials now choose up sides and are marked as Nelson men or Wilson men, and the the battle goes merrily on though both of the leaders are now out of the Washington scene. The disgrace of the Nelson-Wilson controversy, however, is not that it is a battle between two bureaucrats or politicians but between two businessmen, leaders in their respective fields, supposedly men of brains and ability, yet in final analysis just a couple of other guys made out of the same stuff that bureaucrats are made of, whose offices were separated .by less than 50 feet on the same corridor and yet couldn't go that small distance to get together. By thus failing to carry out the responsibility lo the public which they had assumed, they gave all American businessmen a black eye. It is noteworthy that the man called in to try to clean the WPB stables in Nelson's absence, 37-year- old Lieutenant-Commander J. A. Krug, is not a businessman but a professional public servant—a "bureaucrat" if you must—who rose to prominence as a New Deal administrator. With the exception of one job with a Wisconsin telephone company, his entire experience has been with the state public service commissions of Wisconsin and Kentucky, with the Federal Communications Commission in New York, with the Tennessee Valley Authority as operations director, as power consultant to the old Office of Production Management, from which job he was advanced to boss over priorities and director of program planning. Another notable point about the Krug appointment is that it was made directly by the White House and that in the entire Nelson-Wilson dispute, Director James F. Byrnes' Office of War Mobilization, which was set up to resolve differences within the war agencies, was bypassed entirely. Solution of this clash of officials in the executive setup is thus achieved by the only formula Washington seems to know. One of the offending combatants is fired or permitted to resign while issuing a blast at his opponent, and the other gets stripped of some of his power or sent on a long junket. Then some tried and true New Deal White Wing is called in to try to sweep up the mess left behind. an o. A nswers Q. Is there a part of Kentucky that cannot be reached except through another state?—E. K. B. A. This peculiar situation exists at the extreme southwest corner where, because of a double bend in the Mississippi river, there is an area of about 10 square miles belonging to Kentucky that cannot be reached from the rest of the state without passing through a part of Missouri or Tennessee. Q. How many cells arc there in the brain of a man?—C. K. A. The number is variously estimated a. from 10 to 15 billion. The human brain is said to be the most highly developed and complex structure known in the universe. Q. What is the best water temperature for swimming?—B. T. A. Ideal water temperature ranges between 74 and 78 degrees. If colder, the water has a tendency to stiffen the muscles; if warmer, it enervates. Q. To what extent did the wars and revolutions of the Twentieth century reduce the population of Russia?—V. D. A. In spite of war and revolution the population increased 55 per cent between 1900 and 1939. Q. What portion of the Negro population lived outside the southern states at the beginning of this century?—E. L. E. A. Before 1910 barely 10 per cent of the Negroes lived outside the south. Q. Were automobiles ever barred from Central Park in New York City?—D. D. A. In 1899 an ordinance of the city of New York barred Central Park to'horseless vehicles. Q. Which weighs more, a pound of feathers or a pound of gold — C. C. T. A. Feathers commonly are weighed by avoirdupois measure and gold by '*' troy. The voirdupols pound is 7000 ' grains and the troy pound is 6760 grains. Therefore, unless the term is defined specifically, a pound of feathers weighs more than a pound of gold. Q. Does the character of the water in a pool effect the speed of swimmers —1. N. B. A. Swimmers do best in "soft" water, or water that is clean and fresh. Water which is not changed frequently is known as "dead" water. It has no buoyancy and decreases speed. Q. For whom is Goucher College in Baltimore, Md., named?—F. J. B. A. It is named for John Franklin Goucher (1845-1922) who -was presl- dent of the institution from 1890 to 1908. At that time it was called the Woman's College of Baltimore. Q. Why Is the German soldier often referred to as Fritz?—C. H. A. This Is probably from the nickname, Unser Fritz (Our Fritz) of the Emperor Frederick the Great, the * ruler who made Prussia one of the great powers of Europe. Q. What is the area of Lafayette , • Square across from the White House . * In Washington, D. C.—B. N. R. A. This famous park contains about seven acres. The name is said to have been chosen by George Washington. A reader o*n eel Hit answer to an? question of fad by writing Tbe llaatrtfleld Callfomlai Information llureau, 318 En Street NE Washington. X. D. C. Pluu •nokM coou lor

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