The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 4, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Monday, September 4, 1944
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9 Low THE WEATHER Temperature yesterday !>6 today „ 64 Rain fall Season f AlrporO Year ago (Airport) Season <Land Company) Year ago (Lund Company)..., Forecast Considerably warmer todny Tuesday. Continued clear. I •*•***••*•***»••• .......... ••«**• T T nt and Buv a Bond • ' It Mav Save *»/ a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1944 12 PAGES No. 30 *v : ^ vw £-;Vy - . *_J n l - L l ^v r f T • • \_* - l_ F 1 ^ ^ ^ > ' 'N' . ' • • p.:-.- c\ • - • - A- >: %:: >:"' '-. -$t;^'-.; >, * ite QuitsW '&\ Russians Mop Up Germans in Rumania, Race for Yugoslavia STOCKHOLM, Sept. 4. OLE) Finland abandoned Ihe war and her German alliance today, surrendering to the Soviet Union for the second time in 4 Ms years. The cease firing order was sounded at 8 a. in. (2 a. in., E. VV. T.), along the 450-mile front held by Finnish troops from Sulla to the Gulf of Finland, a ml a Finnish peace mission was believed already en route to Moscow. Thousands of German troops, part of an army of 100,000 Nasals estimated to be in Finland, were reported fleeing into northern Norway. A Finnish ultimatum told the Germans to quit the country by September 35 or be disarmed and interned. (Reliable reports reaching' Xor- wegian sources in London said Soviet paratroops had been dropped in northern Norway and were being aided by Norwegian patriots in harassing 1 German troops fleeing from Finland. The armistice came 3 years and li Finland, smarting from her defeat in the "winter war" of 1939-1940, threw in with Germany and declared war on Russia on June 26, 1941. Jt culminated 10 days of feverish acticity by Finnish peace emissaries in Stockholm. Third to Quit Finland's withdrawal from the war — the third Axis satellite to a ban- ton Germany in 10 days — was foreshadowed last Saturday when Premier Antti Rackzell emerged from a secret meeting of Parlimant to announce that his government was breaking relations with the Reich and would make every effort to obtain peace. Preliminary Russian armistice conditions, including the requirement that Gennan troops were to be ousted from Finland, were submitted just four days after a Finnish dele- to the government on August 29, gation contacted Madame Alexandra Kollontay, Soviet ambassador to Sweden, to appeal for peace. The Russian terms were not immediately disclosed, but the Finns- were understood to have proposed withdrawing heir forces to the 1940 frontier and to have signified their Continued on Page Two ;:-:•-: •:• •iwaKifSSS^^gHg- •K&*w&*i$^*f%?». { :-Sj > . ; : : '^A^?W«!W>:'.y ii'fe;.- .•w«Ss®S?rr•- -v? —Caltfornlan-NEA Telophoto AMERICAN FLIERS EVACUATED—General Nathan F. Twining: (right), commanding: general of United States Fifteenth Air Force, welcomes first of 1126 American and British airmen at Italy base after fleets of Flying Fortresses made spectacular mass evecuation ot the airmen, who had been shot down and interned in Rumania during the last year. Most of the men were survivors of the 3000 Allied-airmen shot down over the Ploesti oilfields. ri ' J months afte Nazis Execute 64 SS Members BERLIN RADIO WARNS AGAINST WAVERING AS ARMIES CLOSE NOOSE THREE-POWER ON PEACE Index lo Advertisers Page 5 Abram.s, Dr. II. F Acme Finance Company Arvin Lines Arvln Theater Atz-Smlth Furniture 5 Austin Studio 2 Bank of America t; Bakersfleld Hospital Supplies.... Ji Basie, Count !) Booth's 2 Brundage Pharmacy f> Dr. Clark f, Citizens Laundry 5, fl City Mercantile Company 5 Clerou Tire Shop 9 Coffee, Harry 4 Culliton, John W <t Dormans Photo Shop 2 Economy Beauty Shop 4 Edwards, Dr. E. P !) Firestone Stores U Flickinger-Digler 11 Fox Theaters i» Globe Drug Store 5 Galbralth Storage 2 Garrison's 6 Garber, Jan 'J Gensley-Lee 2 Granada Theater y Green'lawn fi Haggarty, C. J 8 Dr. Haskell 4 Ivers Furniture ft Irwln, C. C 5 KERN 8 KPMC 8 Lim, T !) Mr. and Mrs. of Radio Fame 5 McKnitt, Roland S New City Cleaners 5 Nora's Beauty Salon 5 Dr. L. R. Pennington :. 5 Phillips Music Co 2 Ralph's Shoe Store 5 Klalto Theater 0 River Theater 9 Southern Pacific 2 Stauffer System 5 Union Cemetery 7, 11 VVeiH's : U WickerHhams 5 GENEVA, Sept. 4. (UP)—Twenty- four German SS men and Gestapo agents were executed at Anneey rifle range, where many Frenchmen found death at the hands of Nazi secret agents, the FFI commandant of Haute Savoie an- ounced today. Forty other members of the SS and Gestapo were executed Saturday in the village of Habere J-.nl- lin. near Thonon, where the Germans burned a cafe last Christmas eve and caused the death of 25 French youths, Frank Broadcast In one of the frankest Nazi broadcasts ever directed to home listeners, the Berlin radio declared today that "every German must be warned at this hour that the slightest sign of wavering or weakness now will present the enemy with victory." With American forces at the very German frontier—perhaps already on our side. Weaklings will probably tag under the strain which is now being exerted on us-*. But the strong must keep the banner flying. "The enemy is flooding us with a veritable thunderstorm of propaganda which may bring confusion and conflict in the homeland. He is out to split the nation and its unity. Asks for Work "We must be warned against such agitation, which is bound to increase every hour as the enemy continues to blow his trumpet about victories at the front. "It is our job to work and to continue to work, as only that can bring us victory." The broadcast came amid continued silence by Adolf Hitler who, Lisbon had reported, planned to appeal to the German people yesterday to fight to the last ditch in defense of the "holy soil" of the Reich. OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT WITHHELD PENDING TALKS OF BRITISH, U. Sr, CHINA DELEGATES BRITISH NDIA ASKED F. D. R., CHURCHILL MAY DISCUSS POLICY By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER AVASHIXGTON, Sept. 4. <&)— A three-power agreement late this week on tho principles and plan for u world security organization was predicted todny by persons familiar with the progress of the British-Ameri- can-Hussiau talks nt Dumbarton Oaks. For the time being, however, the agreement: will not be admitted officially since the British and American delegations want to keep a proper diplomatic position in preparation for the Chinese phase of the talks expected to open a week from i today. To do this, it is understood, they cannot afford to commit themselves irrevocably on any point of negotiation with the Russians except points on which the known Chinese position is in agreement. May Ask Moscow As a result it may he that after the Chinese talks some points will have to be referred to Moscow for further discussion and agreement before any final official statement of accomplishments is made. Virtually all the sessions so far among the Russians. British and American groups have run smoothly, greatest difficulties resulting from misunderstandings due to language differences. Most of the work has been concerned with peaceful ways of settling international troubles. Controversial Issues Three controversial issues .arose during the course of the first two weeks and inconclusive evidences leaking through the wall of secrecy aruund Dumbarton Oaks indicated that as the third week opened they were, still to be settled: 1. The scope of the world organization—should it-include provision for handling economic problems such as food and finance? The Russians said no. The British said yes. The Americans proposed a broad but relatively vague world super-agency of which political security would be one part, economic co-operation a second and welfare and education activities a third. Continued on Page Two they blows Truman Urges Full Use of Plants for Peace Production DETROIT, Sept. 4. (UP.)—Harry S. Truman, Democratic candidate for vice-president, said today that if private industry fails to make "proper postwar use" of armament plants for peacetime production, the government should operate them. The Missouri senator, bidding for worklngmen'n support in President Roosevelt's fourth-term campaign with three Labor Day speeches in the industrial area, also told a press conference that public works and unemployment insurance programs were the Democratic party's answer to the pinch of Industrial layoffs during translation from war to peace production. Asks Full Production "The government,* 1 Truman said, "inust see to it that a full production program Is maintained when peace comes. It must see to it that war plants are not junked. If private industry fails to operate them, then the government must." Truman said that he endorsed Donald Nelson's plans for gradual re- conversion during the remainder of the war as military needs permit. WASHINGTON. Sept. 4. <UK>— President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill today faced the possibility of having to decide the problem of India's future when meet soon to plot the final against Japan. The advice was given more than a year ago by Ambassador William Phillips in a report prepared after his special presidential mission to India and Just made public by Senator A. 13. Chandler, (D, Ky.). It warned that Britain's attitude toward Indian independence jeopardized military operations, adding that there was "no evidence that the British intend to do more than give token assistance" in the war against Japan. • Phillips suggested that British action, instead or words, toward Indian independence not only would "facilitate our miljtary operations ' hut would be "proof positive to all peoples that this is not, a war of power politics, but a war for all we say it is." He recommended that the British at once declare a specific postwar dale for independence and show their good faith by transferring limited powers to a provisional representative coalition Indian government. Spanish Envoy Denies Nazi Haven Charge "We must plan now for stabilized peace,* 1 he said. "The government must keep some kind of strings on the plants U» make sure they are put to proper use. This, of course, will involve many situations that must be met as they come up." .Meets Party Leaders Following his press conference, Truman met state party leaders and departed for a rally at Pontlac sponsored by Congress of Industrial Organizations and the American Federation of Labor. ^ Truman was due to return to Detroit to participate in a parade and address an open-air rally sponsored by the Congress of Industrial Organizations in Cadillac Square. Truman was expected to lay before workers the Democratic party's plans and pledges to forestall postwar depression and to tide war- workers over the industrial transition period from wartime, to peacetime economy. His third talk of the day was scheduled for a dinner meeting tonight for 1000 AFI* leaders at labor temple. WASHINGTON, Sept. 4. Spanish regime of Generalissimo Franco, says its envoy here, "has nothing in common with national (socialism" and does not intend to provide a haven for Nazi and Fascist leaders. Ambassador .Juan Francisco de Cardenas Issued this statement yesterday in response to a Moscow broadcast of last week in which the Spanish were urged to oust the Franco government, which was accused of harboring Axis refugees. The Spanish regime, the ambassador said, "Is essentially based on Christian principles" and therefore has no ties with the Nazis. SUGAR STOCKS DOWN WASHINGTON, Sept. 4. <£*—Sugar stocks held by primary distributors in the United States have fallen to less than 1,000,000 short tons In spite of heavy receipts of raw sugar from Cuba and Puerto Rico during the first half of the year, the commerce department reported today. Stocks on hand a year ago totaled nearly 1,400,000 tons. Heavy Allied Raids Blast Japs From Philippine Approaches By LEON \KI> M1LLIMAN Associated Press \V;u liiJitnr The final aerial drive to clear General Douglas MacArthur's pathway for an invasion of the Philippines appeared to be underway today. Japanese air forces have been driven from the approaches to the islands and temporarily even from the southern Philippines themselves Mac Arthur reported today after the war's two heaviest raids on PIIA;^ major port ^oiLJLlie. souliir. era islands, *: Forty-one Japanese planes were destroyed in the two raids, against a loss of two American Liberators. (•rent fires were left burning * in Davao's airfields and harbor area by 230 tons of bombs. Fighters, apparently making a 1200-mile round-trip flight, accompanied the bomber's in their second attack. ' Supporting Japanese bases to the south, already cleared of defending planes, were bombed at will. Palau, on the eastern flank of the Philippines, was lighted by bomb-set fires. Predict Formosa Blows Tokyo forecast not only huge operations against the Philippines by Mac-Arthur and the seventh United States Fleet, but also against Formosa off the China coast and the Bonirt islands G50 miles south of Tokyo. Japanese radios announced preparations for the defense of the homeland would be stepped up next Monday with the ceremonious mobilization of "every member of the national reservists organization" into "home defense units." Apparently this a step toward Nippon's announced plan to arm every Japanese civilian. American bombs sparked Japanese fears with unusually heavy raids, along the China coast accompanying attacks on virtually every Nipponese-held island chain south of Tokyo from the Philippines east. Thirteen Japanese ships were reported sunk or damaged. Five were Continued on Page Two Army Unveils New Weapons at Aberdeen CONGRESS VETERAN IS DEAD Funeral for former Senator (.Jonr^e W. Morris of Nebraska, S;>, renowned liberal and veteran of •)'» years in Congress, was to be held tins afternoon in "McCook. Neb. Xnrris \v;is "father" of the Tennessee Valley Authority and the "lame duck" amendment to the Constitution. Stockholm Dispatch Sgys Americans Capture Village in Germany; Columns Crash Through Meuse Valley; Nazi Retreat 100 Miles Sept. 1. f.P) -The uii'irliil noxva agency ..f The Nether- H nt :mMimnro»l loni^nl that Allied troop* had begun the invasion <>f Holland a I tor a liuhtmn^ three-clay erossint; of Belgium and had ivarhed Hie u»\vn of Ilicda, 5 miles inside the nearest Dutrh border. lands NORRIS RITES HELD SL'PRKMK IIKAOQUAHTKKS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. I. <U.P> British armor captured Brussels in a sensational spurt of 80 miles across Flanders and today tanned out beyond Ihe Belgian capital 16 within 10 miles of Antwerp and through the big transport junction of Mechelen on the way Jo Holland and Germany. Allied forces plunging through Boom, 10 —-——— — miles south of Antwerp, found negligible resistance. VETERAN OF 40 YEARS IN CONGRESS SUCCUMBS '()OK, Neb., Sept. -i. (UP.) — Former Senator George, W. Nnrris of Nebraska, known at home and abroad as the friend of the common man, was to be buried here today in the same simplicity in which he WATER WEASEL/' LIGHT CARRIER, AIRBORNE TANK DEMONSTRATED ABERDEEN. Aid.. Sept. 4. (UP.) General Mud .surrendered unconditionally to American ingenuity today when the army rolled out the "Water Weasel" and proved it had a brand new light cargo and personnel carrier which is equally at home on land, water, or in a swamp. Other weapons unveiled for the first time at the ordnance testing center here included two new tank- busters, the fastest, hardest-hitting weapons of their typo in the world; the "Locust." a new airborne tank, and a light tank with fire power formerly fount! only in medium tanks. The Weasel, which was designed primarily for use in jungle .swamps against the .Japanese, resembles a small boat mounted on tracks. In a series of dramatic tests It traveled easily across a huge bog in which Jeeps immediately became hopelessly stuck. It carries four men or half a ton of supplies. The light tank destroyer, which mounts the new high velocity 70 mm. cannon has proved HO fast and maneuverable with its cruising speed of 50 miles per hour that the army is now hard put to supply reconnaissance vehicles which can keep pace with it. Its heavier counterpart which packs the wallop of a 90 mm: cannon, and travels 30 miles per hour, is the fastest major caliber tank destroyer in the world, ordnance- men said. In the battle of France, ita 24-pound armor-piercing projectiles have knocked out every type of tank the Germans are using. . . j.jHJ^ijw his....fcui,Clears o£ life—40 . ,yl' ' them as a member of the Congress of the United States. Masonic funeral services were scheduled to be held at :t p. m. (C. W. T.), from the First Congregational Church of McCook, the western Nebraska town from which he launched his career more than four decades ago, Dies of Hemorrhage Morris, known as the great Insurgent, died late. Saturday from a cerebral hemorrhage which struck him suddenly last Tuesday as he was resting in the modest home to which he had retired after being defeated in a bid for a sixth term in the United States Senate. Prior to being elected to the Senate he had served five terms in the House of Representatives. Morris entered political life as a Republican and remained one, for the record at least, for 33 years, after which he became officially his true self—an independent. Changes Attitudes Many distinctions marked his career. He was the last of six senators who voted against American entry in the first world war but later he became Intel-nationalistic in viewpoint and voted for the present war and favored International organization and cooperation In the postwar period. "Changed times change attitudes," he once said. A lasting monument, to his career is the Tennessee Valley Authority with its vast network of dams, locks and hydro-electric plants which to Xorris represented a lifelong ambition to create power, cheap enough for all. It was a controversial subject but he never swayed from a personal conviction that It "would do the greatest good to the greatest number." Battleship Building Program Resumed WASHINGTON, Sept. 4. <U»— battleship building program, temporarily side-tracked to make way for other more urgent types of warship construction, IBHIOW going forward again, it was learned today. Chairman David I. Walsh, <D., Mass.) of the Senate naval affairs committee, told the United Press that construction had been suspended for a time on the 45.000-ton battleship Kentucky to make the ways available for another kind of ship bearing a higher priority but that building had been resumed. and I IK*, fall of llic big inland ttclgian purl, a gateway to Holland, was expected at any I line. The capture of Antwerp would complete a battle arc around the (icrnmn forces holding it in western and northwestern France. Supreme heiuliiuarters i ;l tt> today lacked coiitirmntinn of a report thai the American First Army had thrust an armored chiw urruss tho border into Holland. Also unconfirmed was si Stockholm report that the Americans had taken Perl in a drive onto Herman soil near Ihe French and Luxembourg borders. London newspapers published un| official reports Abut Calais. Boulogne Dunkertiue had fallen, effec- collapsing tho last organized <Jerman resistance in tho northwest coastal sector of France. Radio France also broadcast such a report, but did not give. Its source. Dunkerqiie Burning * Coastal observers in southeast Kngland believed Dunkerque, site of the great evacuation in 1!)40, was burning again. From the Dover area pillars of smoke wero visible over tho town, and the Hermans appeared to be pulling out. The smoke began t h e ALLIES CLEAR LYON NAZIS ESCAPE ROUTE CUT IN SWEEP TO NORTH and ROME. Sept. 4. (UPJ—Ameri and French troops cleared the last enemy resistance from Lyon today and swept virtually unopposed up both sides of the Saone river in a drive that carried to within 120 miles of a junction with American forces in northern France. the Headquarters reported that ,-• . ,, "*• —*«>«„_-- -- -" -1» - . -• 3B ' •"*H\ .* German withdrawal from soui rising early from in the DunkerquP urna day, and increased in density as the hours wore on. The lightning strike by tho British in Belgium had cut the country in half vertically and reached within 15 miles of tho Dutch frontier, trapping undetermined thousands of Germans against the channel coast. The sides of tho trap still were loosely held, howevei. because the speed of the British advance was so great that the cordon had not been established in force and authorities conceded that .some of. the Nazis might break through to the dubious safety of the Reich. Said in Antwerp A radio broadcast credited to CBS said, as recorded here, that the Allies had entered Antwerp, hut there was no confirmation in authoritative quarters. General Dwight D. Eisenhower made the first official revelation that the Allies had penetrated the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. In a broadcast message to that country and Belgium, he said their people were nearing their hour of liberation. Radio France said German author!ties had ordered the evacuation of civilians from the Mulhouse area of Eastern France and other sectors along the Swiss frontier, acknowledging that those ureas were likely to be fighting zones at any time. While information was skimpy about the American First Army push across southeaster Belgium, it was known that the Yanks were pushing ahead steadily. The some was true of the Third Army, which was within half an hour's jeep ride of the German frontier at several places. Unofficial reports said American troops had reached Namur and Liege in supporting: drives south of the British Second Army thrust, and those cities, as well as Antwerp, were expected to fall quickly. All accounts indicated the Germans were offering little or no resistance. Brussels fell at 'J p. m. Sunday afternoon to a British flying column that left Doual, France, at s a. m.. drove across the frontier l!:i miles Continued on Page Twn France had become so precipitate that, the Allied troops were a big to maintain only slight contact with the net-tins enemy, whose line of retreat was breached almost 50 miles above Lyon. As the main armored weight of the AHJed Seventh Army drove into France's third city, an American column pushed 12 miles beyond captured Bourg and on through Montrevel, 47 miles north of Lyon and directly across the path of the retreating Nazi Nineteenth Army. Advance Through Saonc German tanks battled fiercely to hold open the narrowing escape corridor above Lyon, but a commu- nuiquc said the Americans were inovintf steadily northward through the Saone valley. Headquarters spokesmen said the enemy threw in strong armored counterattacks in the Montrevel sector in an effort to prevent the American spearheads from making a junction with the United States Third Army in tho north thai would force a trap aruund all the remaining (.Jerinan forces in southern and central France. The Gennan defense was handicapped, however, by the relatively open terrain of the Saone valley which provided a broad avenue of attack for the American mechanized columns. The Saone valley forms a wide groove between the last foothills of th-i Massic Central on the west and the Fruncho-Comte heights on the east, debouching into Burgundy, where American Third Army troops already are operating. American and French troops entered Lyon Sunday morning, and fouml that the Germans had blown up almost all of the score of bridges spanning the Rhone and Saone rivers and evacuated the bulk of their troops, leaving a small force of gunners to slow the Allied pursuit. Tho complete occupation of the city, ono of the biggest industrial towns ot' Franco and second only to Paris as a communications center, was believed nnly a matter of a day or .so at most, although the Allies faced tho prospect uf a stiff ping-up fifilu there. mop More Self-Government for Puerto Rico Sought by R. WASHINGTON, Sept. 4. <UE>— President Roosevelt has urged the House insular affairs committee to give early and favorable consideration to a bill allowing Puerto Rlcans greater self-government and* power to elect thelf own governor, the White House disclosed today. Mr. Hooeevelt said in a letter sent lust Tuesday to Chairman C. Jasper Bell <0-Wo.) of the committee that he strongly recommended House passage of the bill* which with certain amendments has been approved by the Senate. Elect Own Governor The measure would amend the or* ganlc act of Puerto Rico by allowing the people to elect their own governor; who Is now appointed by the President with Senate consent, the letter explained. > "It would also lodge in the elected governor the power of selecting other officials, who are now federal appointees," It said. "Broadly, it would increase local self-government and local responsibilities." Reach Maturity The President Hid "Puerto Rlcans have long since reached political maturity, 1 ' and that "under our traditional policy and practice they are entitled to go beyond the rudiments of democracy Unit they now have." He added that all political parties In Puerto Rico advocate passage of the measure. Its passage, he said, would "multiply the good will we have already gained throughout the western hemisphere, as we did among the peoples of the east by our liberal policy towards the Philippines." ^ German Arrest 1 for Evading Decree LONDON. Sept. 4. OTB—An Exchange Telegraph dispatch 1'rom Xurk'h said today that 1SUO men and several women were arrested in Uerlin within the last 10 days for trying tit eviule nt>\v' mobilization derreen. Tho dispatch, numhiK Uerlin ad- virt-s, said larf;e-si'HU» arrests "un- dnuliioiHy" were taking place In other parts of Germany, where "morale has sunk to the lowest level." LA CiEN'OA HARBOR BLASTED UOME. Sept. 4.0B—The Brenner Pass mil line from Germany ti) northern Italy was blasted to* day along with submarines tied Up in Genoa harbor in :^4de«pr*ad '• operations by approximately 500: bombers of the United States Fifteenth Air Force. LAVAL'S PROPERTY SEIZED A Vichy broadcast reported by the FCC said today thfrt all the property of Pierre Laval ho<J b<w» ordered confiscated by French authorities "for the benefit of the te " • "• "" "' V-' i V

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