The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 2, 1944 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

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Saturday, September 2, 1944 Cbttonal aftergfteto Calif orman ALFRED HARRELL EDITOR ISO PDBL18HB1 * prcond UHM fftt 3*ta$fiel5 Entered In post office nt Bnkersfield. California, a mall under the act of Congress March 3. : MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Preae is exclusively entitled to tho UPC for ruhti' n- lion of all new* dispatches credited to H nr nnt otherwifF credited In thii paper, and also the local news published therein. The Bakersfleld Californian is also a client of the United Press and receives Us complete wire s REPRESENTATI V •West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York, fhtcavo, San Francisco. Lo Seattle. Portland. Denver WASHINGTON. D. C . BT*REAr The Haskin Ren-ice, Washington, L> (. of it made up of propaganda material from foreign countries, all using good white paper and printers* ink, strictly rationed to our own domestic newspapers. As newspapers have been cut in size it seems thai propaganda releases have heen increased in volume. It would be interesting to know how much of the stuff is read. LIKE DAMIEN By carrier or mail (tn advance) in postal z p«r month, 85c; six months. J5.10; one yp. poftta) zone* four to eight, per month. $101). r? one. tvo, three, }l' '-0. fcy mail in M OVINGLY rcnimis Joseph Da mien HOUSER COMPROMISE COMPROMISK providing thai UK' HiO-acrc limitation oi' Federal Reclamation law shall not apply to lands which now have an irrigation water supply from sources oilier than a Federal Reclamation Project, even though such irrigation lands will reminiscent of Ihc sacrifice of dc Vcuster, or Father Damien, as Ihc Belgian missionary to the Molokai leper colony was heller known, is the life and death of an English girl, Edith Shelley, of Lincolnshire. In East Africa last week at Tanganyika, the drums sounded, boomed over the veldt. The natives gathered in large numbers. They gave the funeral ceremonies, Ihc kind reserved only for the highest and greatest of , their chiefs, hut the honors were for an Eng- Bupplcmenlal supply from the Central \alley ; ljsh fi|r , w ,^ .^ |ikc Fathcr Damien ^ ex _ Project, has been proposed for consideration pcmlc d j lor !ifo in carin g for the outcasts of by Lieutenant-Governor Fred llouser, now j| ie W orld, the lepers. a candidate for United Slates Senator. The r proposed compromise has boon sent to Ihc while working as a medical missionary. chairman of the United Slates Senate Com- ; Through medicine the disease was arrested jve a Edith Shellev had contracted the disease mittee on Irrigation and Reclamation. Proposal that all land receving j "nd she vowed to spend the rest of her life water ™rinfi for lepers. There arc 2,000,000 of through developments of the United Slates Reclamation Bureau projects be limited to areas under 1(50 acres evoked prolonged pro- This English girl spent not only her life but her small fortune as well in her medical work in the African leper colonies. By foot 111 tests and immediate opposition here by pro- am| bicyc]r |hrol|fih , hc jungles, carrying her nents of tlie Central Valley Project. A kil i jafi on | lcr | )acki she wcnl among the na- Congressional hearing throughout the Valley j (jves treating them—the lepers shunned by lands affected elicited a mass of written evidence against such a plan as the water economy of the Valley has already been extensively developed and over a period of time approximating 100 years. The Lieutenanl-Governor in his compromise suggestion explains that his proposal would permit the development of new lands under the current provisions of the Reclama- |n j Bh|y chjcf They brokc o]( , African prc . tion Act with its 160-acre limitation. It was CC( | cnt f or no such funeral is given a woman, pointed out numerous times that there arc j ] H ,t they had recognized the true splendor no lands open to settlement under the Cen- j in the spirit of a frail English girl. And may these words, too, be something of a slight tribute to such a person living in such a the world—for 20 years. This was her life of self-sacrifice. Last week death ended her career, one parallel in service to that of Fathcr Damien whose immortality was helped by Stevenson's famous letter. The drums sounded on the veldt. The natives who knew her greatness gave her the ineral ceremonies reserved onlv for a tral Valley Project and that enforcement of the provision would result in condemnation of lands now privately owned and successfully farmed. Mr. Houscr said that his program would not penalize farmers in the Sacramento or San Joaquin Valley who have "developed their land with water from river irrigation or from wells." "Any program for the Central Valley Project which refuses a supplemental water supply lo present owners of developed land or threatens seizure of holdings developed through the years with meager water supply amounts to illegal confiscation and as such would be deplorable misuse of arbitrary power," Mr. llouser declared. Before the United States Senate for consideration is the amendment which would eliminate entirely any limitation on acreage as a provision for obtaining water under world as this. REAL TRANQUILLITY Reclamation Bureau projects. This amendmenl, supported with strength and effect by Congressman Alfred J. Elliott, L;AH Tranquillity, Fresno County, there lived a man who feasted on choice cuts of the American camel, bison and horse, among other animals. No one asked him for meat ration points. He had no troubles about gasoline, nor did he wonder how long his tires would last. He arose from bed when he chose, killed without concern of the warmed himself before a roaring fire in the winter, basked at leisure in the warm California sun. He knew no taxes, victory, war bond, school, or abatement district. He knew no participation in mass warfare or the extensive killing of his kind. Never was his brow furrowed with the complexity of income lax returns, nor the emotional disturbance of game warden, evoked widespread support of farmers, Farm monthly bills. If the roof leaked, he moved. * " *• I ^B v fe • ~_ B B *• jm • A -A m « Bureau organizations and many others throughoul the valleys affected by the Central Valley Project. Mr. Houser's proposal is now being studied. SAVING PAPER w No amenities of luncheon clubs filled his noon hours. No bridge in the evening when he \vas tired, disturbed his simple rest. He was a crude, uncivilixed, low-browed brute and Dr. Gordon W. Ilcwes, of Washington, IX C., has recently found his remains and his campsite. his fellow lived in California about HILE leading newspapers have indi- j I(M)OO ycars ag0f accort |j ng to ( j lc learned cated they were compelled to reject paleontologist. « .* • m • . . <* : M ^- * many columns of paid advertising and cut down news coverage, there has been no cvi- \ quillitv." dence whatever that the Federal government I No wonder they called the place "Tran- Dr. Howes' discovery indicates that these is itself prpared to comply wilh its own re- \ ideal living conditions existed at the time of . at* * A -•-*. _ . « —-^ • fc •* Ihc transition from the Pleistocene period to what is known as the "Recent," or, geologic- quest," charged Representative Bender, a Republican of Ohio, in a recent statement. Dozens of pounds of mail have poured into his office from government agencies, he de- ally speaking, about 10,000 ycars ago. News of this prehistoric California man clared, and the volume of reports, govern- j WU s reported in the press of the nation. The ment information data, revisions of civil discovery will be developed more extensively service requirements, together with explana- nt'tcr the war. lory texts testifying to the great success of — one or another Federal bureau seems almost endless, he said. But Representative Bender's criticism should not be limited to our own govern- AIRPORT SIZES h i AiHi'LANUs became larger and larger and carried greater loads it became necessary ment. Particularly prodigal in the use of to enlarge airports, particularly those used paper are our Allies who bombard news- by long-range bombers which lifted tremen- paper editors with vast amounts of booklets, pamphlets, folders, and other printings of * propaganda material, much of it very well written and almost all of it nicely presented and on costly paper. dous weights of bombs and gasoline for their distant flights. The construction of vast airports in metropolitan areas has become one of the serious real estate problems of our times. With This propaganda material takes up a great I airplane designers envisaging even larger leal planes, airport designers began to N lit carefully along with mail of more ! where the whole thing would end. immediate relevance and significance. •- k. f Due probably lo tlie impetus which war Newspapers have been hard-pressed to j always gives to such changes, however, Arm> •*»*& m^* K«M • *» ^^K*-4H «1 .A • H».A M * . ._*. JM -.— A1-— !_..!* I A * rf~* t " - * « * * • Air Corps engineers are developing reversible pitch propellers which will decrease I he landing run now necessary for great planes. themselves under the handicap, necessarily imposed by the war, of j^apcr These restrictions have been assumed papers, \ stint for ch somewha than one newspaper editor must be -Ir; fais ted as he wades through rrtiiduble bulk ^r I — —^B— This development, too, will probably make possible the use of reasonably sized airfields for the aviation gianls of the future. The pilot will simply reverse his propellers and use his motor lo check hie forward momentum of the plane. • ERN •Jl.vf Jl. ^ A. N PYLE PARIS (By "Wireless)—Eating has been skimpy in Paris through the four years of German occupation, but reports that people were on the verge of starvation apparently were untrue. The country people of Normandy all seemed so healthy and well fed that we said all along: "Well, country people always fare best, but just wait till we got to Paris. We'll see real suffering there." Of course the people of Paris have suffered during these four years of darkness. But I don't believe thoy have suffered as much physically as we had thought. Certainly they don't look bedraggled and gaunt and pitiful, as tho people of Italy did. In fact they look to mo just tho way you would export thorn to look in normal times. TTowovor. tho last throe weeks before the liberation really wore rough. For tho Germans, sensing that thoir withdrawal was Inevitable, bogan taking everything for thomsolvos. Thoro is vory littlo food in Paris right now. The restaurants oither are closed or sorve only the barest monls—coffeo find sandwiches. And tho "national coffee." as they call it. is made from barley and is'about tho vilost stuff you ovor tasted. Franco has had nothing rise for four yoars. If yon wore to hike n poll on what tho average Parisian most wants in tho way of littlo' things, you would probably find that ho wants real roffoo, soap, gasoline and rigarots. Eating Is tho biggest problem right now for us correspondents. Tho army hasn't yot. set up a mess. Wo ran't ovon (?ot our rations cookod In our hotol kitchens, on account of tho pas shortage. So we just oat cold K-rations arid I0-in-1 rations in our rooms. For two days most of us wore so busy wo didn't oat at all, and on tho morning aftor tho liberation of Paris some of the correspondents wore actually so woak from not oat ing that thoy could hardly navigate. Rut tho, food situation should bo roliovod within a fow days. Tho army is bringing in 3000 tons of food right away for the Parisians. That is only about two pounds per por- son, but it will help. In lltlo towns only ten miles from Paris you can got op-prs and wonderful dinners of moat and noodlo.s. Food doos exist, and now r that transportation is opon again Paris should be eating soon. Autos wore almost nonexistent on the streets of Paris when we arrived. That first day we met an English girl who has been . here throughout the war, and we drove her for some distance in our jeep. She was as excited as a child, and said that was hor first ride in a motorcar in four yoars. We told her that It wasn't a motorcar, that it was a jeep, but she said It was a motorcar to hor. Outside of war vehicles, a fow French civilian cars wore running whon we arrived but they were all in official uso in tho fighting. All of those had "FFI" (French Forces of the Interior) painted in rough white letters on the fenders, tops and sidos. Although it appears that the Germans did conduct themselves fairly' properly up until the last few weeks, the French really dotest them. One woman told me that for the first three weeks of tho occupation the Germans were fino but that then they turned arrogant. The people of Paris simply tolerated them and nothing more. The Germans did porpotrate medieval barbarities against loaders of the resistance movement as their plight became more and more desperate. But what I'm driving at is that tho bulk of the population of Paris—the average guy who just gets along no matter who is here— didn't really fare too badly from day to clay. It was just the things thoy hoard about, and the fact of being under a bullheaded nnd arrogant thumb, that created the smoldering hatred for the Germans in tho average Parisian's heart. You can got an idea how thoy feel from a little incident that occurred the first night we wore here. "We put up at a littlo family sort oC hotel in Montarnassc. The landlady took us up to show us our rooms. A cute little French muid came along with her. As we were looking around the room the landlady opened a wardrobe door, and there on a shelf lay a German soldier's cap that he had forgotten to take. Tho landlady picked the. tips of her fingers at arm's length, made a face, dropped It on a chair. Whereupon the little maid reached up with her pretty foot and gave it a huge kick that sent it sailing across the room. it up with held it out and T OMF (By LOUISE PARKS BANES) The increasing 1 interest in regional history in the United States has been reflected in literature. Perhaps the invaluable state guides, published under the Federal Writers' Project paved the way; since then we have seen an excellent series on the seaports of America and another on the rivers of America. A new series, under the able editorship of Milo Quaife, deals with the American T^akes. "Lake Huron," by Fred Landon, was the first volume, and it was a notable beginning. The author begins with Champlain's first glimpse of Georgian bay, and traces the history of both mon and ships around and upon the waters of this "nursery of sailors." Ho maintains balance between Canada and the United States, and taps a mine of new materials for his narrative of the history of not only the lake, but of tho St. Glair river into which it empties. Milo Quaife, the editor of tho series, has written one volume himself, and he makes his story of "Lake Michigan" spirited nnd entertaining as well as authentic. The true story of the discovery of the lake is as strange as any Hollywood scenario; when Champlain sent Jean Nlcolet out from Quebec in 1634, he provided him with a gorgeous robe of China damask "strewn with flowers and birds of many colors" because everybody thought he would find China and an oriental monarch when he reached the water far to the westward of the Huron. In that magnificient attire, he approached the Indians of Wisconsin, to be received with wonder. Traders and missionaries followed in his wake, nnd the first mission was established in 1096, at the edge of what is today Chicago's throbbing Loop. The story of the beginnings of Chicago and of the growth of Mil- waukee form fascinating chapters; and in writing of other towns Mr. Quaife discusses the King of Benton Harbor nnd his cult of the House of David: the famous smelt runs around the northerly half of the lake; the riotous lumberjacks of Manistee; nnd the colorful pageant of the Tulip Festival at Holland. No more interesting figure appears in these pages than Oliver Newberry, who inaugurated freight and passenger service on the Great Lakes; who flew a huge pennant embroidered with the Whig slogan over hia biggest steamer in the presidential campaign of 1840; and who lent the city of Detroit $100,000 when it found itself in financial difficulties. Third on the list is "Lake Superior," by Grace Lee Nute. One finds it hard to speak of Superior without superlatives, for this is the largest body of fresh water in the world, and about its shores is the world's greatest iron-producing region. Up from the past comes a long pageant of ships: the canoes of the voyageurs, the first steamers with the churning paddle wheels, schooners, awkward but efficient whnlebacks nnd the self-loading monsters of today that carry iron for a nation at war. Miss Nute covers scenery, history and industry as well as the ships of the lake, and in a final chapter she writes of the folklore, art and literature of the whole Superior region, devoting especial attention to the Chippewa legends which inspired the rolling lines of "Hiawatha." These three volumes may be borrowed through any branch of the Kern County Library, artd each one will repay reading. In preparation are volumes on the remaining lakes: Arthur Pound will write of "Lake Ontario," and Hnrlan Hatcher of "Lake Erie." esti ions an A nswers Q. Please give directions for making the Hmuwater in which watermelon rind is soaked in making pickle.—L. L,. A. Limewnter is made with two quartH of cold water and two tablespoons of lime (calcium oxide). Soak the rind for 2*& hours. Q. What is the membership of the 4-H Clubs—N. R. A. With more than a million and a half members, this is the largest rural youth organization in the world. Kuch club consists of five or more members between the ages of 10 and L'O yours. Q. What is the greatest speed of a coyote?—K. N. B. A. His speed has been clocked by automobile at 40 miles an hour. A coyote seldom weighs more than 30 pounds; he stays in top condition for running and fighting. Q. Please give some information about the handkerchief maps used by aviators.—Af. 10. R. A. These maps are 18-inch squares of balloon cloth upon which maps are imprinted. Folded like a handkerchief they can be carried in the pilot's pocket. —\ _ Q. How many plays has George Bernard Shaw written?—L. K. A. Geneva, completed in 1939, was hl« fiftieth phiy. Its leading char- actors are based on the personalities of Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin. Q. Which of Hawthorne's books is considered his best?—X. W. D. A. Opinions differ, but some authorities say that in The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne reached the fullness of his power. Q. What is a ''provisional company" In the army?--C. A. M. A. The term is used to designate two or more companies combined for a temporary mission. Q. How large ia the famous Bayeux Tapestry?—J. E. O. A. It is 230 feet by 20 inches There are 72 scenes depicting William the Conqueror'n expedition against England, worked in worsteds of eight colors. Q. What wan the purpose in removing the camouflage pain I from airplnnes?—J. D. A. It in estimated that removal of the familiar greenish-gray paint Kives AAF planes a slight increase in top speed, also a weight reduction in fighter types of approximately 15 to 20 pounds, nnd in heavy bombardment types of from 70 to 80 pounds. Q. Is it true that dogs and cats were used for food during the siege of Paris in 1870?—P. O. D. A. Food was so scarce that doRs and cats were eaten. Hats were sold for the equivalent of 60 cents apiece. Starvation finally caused the surrender of the city. Q. Why are skins cut into innum- merable small pieces and sewed together again to make fur garments? M. G. K. A. This is done to produce evenness of color, to remove traces of damage and to achieve good lines and beauty. Q. How does a hawk fly upward without flapping its wing*?—K. B. L. A. The force which enables a hawk to soar to grelit heights without flapping its wings is the same principle as that by which a kite is flown. The bird rides on un ascending air current. A good example of this is a gull flying alongside a ship. ] Q, "Was Madame Curie, the disco.v- ! orer of radium, subsidized by the French government?-—R. T. N. A. Mme. Curie, upon the twenty- fifth anniversary of the discovery of radium, was honored by tlie French government with 'a pension i f 40,000 francs a year. Q. Are there any true wild horses in the world today?—L. I. G. A. The tarpan or horse of central Asia wild species of true living. Przewalskl'a is the only horse now A rtarier raij get Hit nnawer Lo iny out*lion of fact by writing The lUktrtflrld Callfornitn Information Bureau. 316 fcrt titrett, N. K,, Washington. >. O. C. Pleat* toclUw cwtu fur rculy. rom Fil es o The Californian TEX YEARS AGO (The CaJiforman, this date. 1934) Checks to farmers co-operating in the 1934 cotton adjustment program have reached a total of $38,114,245.55, according to an announcement by M. A. Lindsay, farmer adviser for Kern county, today. James V. Peck, who works in the prop shop of United Artists and other Hollywood studios, has made everything from an asbestos hay stack to a sponge rubber whale. The Bakersfleld man leavee Tuesday to construct three enormous papier mat-he cows, Dolly, Betty and Hussy, for Edide Cantor. Mr. and Mrs. Horace Strong and their two children have returned from a vacation in Oregon. Facts about movie 'stars include the following: Charlie Chaplin is the wealthiest; Greta Garbo drives and $80 automobile, whereas Joan Crawford drives $^010 one; Will Rogers is the largest land owner; Harold Lloyd has the costliest furniture; Constance Bennett's property is assessed at $190,01! 5, with jewelry assessed at $2500. TWENTV YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1!):M) Headlines: Late Rebellion in Maxico Costs Government 60,000,000 Pesos. Kern Tax Rate to Be Cut 10 Per Cent. Four local Masonic lodges will entertain at a reception for Arthur S. Crites, grand master, October 8. With the return of Mrs. George Crome and Mrs. George Gross, president and vice-president ol! Woman's Club, plans are under way for the fall season. Working on the program committee with the head officers are Mrs. H. A. Peaii's and Mrs. Alan B. Campbell. Dale Alexander killed a four-point buck yesterday near Portuguese Meadows. President II. A. Jastro of the state board of agriculture was discussing old times, in Sacramento, with friends today. He said, "Twenty-five years ago, a farmer and his family could not come to the State Fair without danger of being robbed by pickpockets and petty crooks who followed the races and fairs in those days.' 1 THIRTY YEARS AGO (The California!!, this dale, 1914) Headlines: Turkey Declares War on Russia Is Report; Fierce Battle Xow Raging Within Fifty Miles of Paris. Berlin Official Reports Deny Victories Claimed Russia in Poland and Prussia. Mr. H. L. McXew of Los Angeles will arrive in Bakersfield Friday to be the house guest of Mrs. 10. T. Davis. Miss Mona Deel, bookkeeper and stenographer for The Morning Echo, has resigned to take a rest of a few months. President Wilson is a candidate for re-election according to Vice-President Marshal's statement today. Thirty teachers of the high school attended a faculty meeting this morning and two were absent. Those unable to be present were Mrs. H, F. Craig, who has not yet arrived from Oakland, and Professor Paul Benton, who is in Washington or Oregon en route here. FORTY YEARS AGO (The CalUornian. this date. 1904) Announcement was made today that the Reverend A. M. Petty, D. D., will give the address when the Baptist Church cornerstone is laid September 14. J. AV. P. Laird and bride have returned a visit to the state fair. The district attorney was disappointed with the exhibits. James Fix left yesterday for St. Louis and from there he will visit his old horn in Indiana. The committee on Bronco riding for Labor Day has secured 10 wild horses for the event. Frank Purcell is on the judges' committee. Forty three companies with an estimated production of more than 750 barrels per month were represented at a meeting of oil men at Southern hotel last night. A permanent organization probably will be formed. W. S. Morton presided, FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dale. 1894) Contradicting the rumor that rice will not grow in California, experiments here have proved that 50 to HO bushels an acre is an average Kern crop. A queer bird was caught on Chester avenue last night. It is a moon snipe, known to Indians as "thunder pumper." It was captured by Ernest Etter. F. W. Robinson and family have taken apartments in C. H. Shut- ban'H residence on K street. The post office is snugly established in its new quarters and it is amusing to watch the absent-minded go to the old place for mail. Advertisement: Send the Weekly Californian to your eastern friends, ft is the oldest, largest and best paper. A crowd of Republicans journeyed to Tehachapi this morning for a rally. In the group were Alvin Fay, S. C. Smith, and C. E. Arnold. proved un- Truman of SO THEY SAY AVe are going: to win this war much sooner than we thought and the principal reason is that the American soldier has equaled.—Sen Harry Missouri. If we get off on the wrong foot of cynical power politics, we will have lost the war before we have won it. Thomas E. Dewey. The position of the two Axis powers, Japan and Germany, at present is very much alike.—Japanese navy spokesman. PEN SHAFTS Japs who thought they would "dictate peace terms in the White Mouse" must have got a little mixed up and landed in the doghouse. The American Indians are taking such tin active role in the war it may be said they are fighting without reservations. An Ohio couple recently celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary, That's quite a lot of wedded blitz. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY my God, let, I beseech thee, thine eyes be open, and let thine ears bf attent unto the prayer that is made in this place. — // Chronicles 6:40. * » Though I am weak, yet God, when prayed, Cannot withhold His conquering aid. —Emerson. W as 111 111 on umn (By PETER EDSON) The futility of official efforts to maintain an air of sanctified, upper stratosphere mystery about the American • British - Russian conferences on postwar security, now going on at Dumbarton Oaks in Washington, is best illustrated by the fact that details of the American plan leaked out at the Republican national convention in Chicago last June. Nobody cared then and it makes no difference now, so all the effort to maintain super-secrecy seems just a little bit silly. The original leak on the American plan came during the drafting of the Republican platform. In trying to draw up the planks on foreign policy, the resolutions subcommittee assigned this job ran into a snag. There was still a good bit of isolationist strength in the party and furthermore, the G. O. P. politicians wanted to be free to criticize, the Roosevelt foreign policy and lay it on thick and good. This attitude made it difficult to get into the platform any statements of principle that would go oven as far as the Republican declaration of Mackinac Island in which, nearly a year before, G. O. P. senators, governors and party big shots came out unanimously for joining an organization of nations to maintain a just and lasting peace. Tn sell tho resolutions committee on the necessity for drafting a platform that would endorse something of that kind. Republican Senators Austin, Vandenberg, and "White, who wore members of a foreign relations subcommittee familiar with Secretary of State Cordell Hull's plans, finally felt forced to disclose to an executive session of the foreign policy plank drafters some of the details on how it was proposed to maintain peace by force. From these disclosures, information first leaked out on the American plan to be presented to British and Russian delegations at Dumbarton Oaks. News of this was generally buried under the more dramatic fight for the presidential nomination, but as revealed at Chicago the American plan called for an assembly of peace- loving nations, in which each nation would have only one vote. 'At the top, however, would be a council of eight nations, including the United States, Great Britain, Russia and China, whose representatives would sit permanently, and four smaller nations which would rotate annually. It has, of course, been disclosed recently that this proposal might be modified to' include France with the big four and to increase to seven the number of smaller nations on the council. Whatever the numbers, in case trouble should break out in any part of the world, this executive council would be authorized to take action by vote of "an extraordinary majority," defined as at least all of the larger nations, plus one or two of the smaller nations. Thus any one of the larger nations, or all of the smaller nations combined, could prevent action by negative votes. In applying force against aggressor nations threatening the peace of the world, it was understood that the council would first try to settle disputes by diplomatic or economic sanctions. These failing, the council by extraordinary majority could decide force was necessary. The larger nations would, of course, be expected to bear the greater burden of the costs and maintain the larger police forces which would, however, be largely under the control of their respective governments and operate principally in their own principal spheres of interest. For instance, trouble in South America would be assigned by the council to the United States for settlement, trouble in the Balkans to Russia, in western Europe or Africa to Great Britain, in the Pacific perhaps to a combination of powers. Roll y woo omn (By KINE JOHNSON) Behind the screen: Taking a number for a name has its problems. And not arithmetic problems, either. You may have read a few weeks ago about a blonde starlet June Mlllarde to court and legally changing her name to Toni Seven. She wanted to change her name, she told the judge, because she didn't want to capitalize on the fame of her parents—silent star June Caprice and Harry Millarde, the once-famous director. The judge took one look at the lady, gave a long low whistle and commented, "What a number: 1 ' But look what has happened since. Seven thousand pin-up requests from the armed forces. A gent by the name of Six who mines silver in Arizona proposed marriage. Ditto from a Mr. Eleven in Pittsburgh. Toni called a restaurant one night for reservations for two and got a table for seven. And then there were the cats. A 7-year-old cat in Pasadena, Calif., it seems, gave birth to a litter of kittens, each with seven toes on its front paws. Toni Seven, the mama cat and the kittens posed together for photographs. For a long time we have been moaning about the sometimes idiotic rulings of movie censors. Today we'd like to throw a brick at the blue pen- cilers of radio, who can be just as silly. The networks have all banned a Sammy Cahn-Julie Styne song, "I riaid No," because of its double- meaning lyrics. So all right. But now the tune can't even be played on the air without the lyrics. Why? The tune, the radio censors ruled, might remind you of the words. . . . Oh, brother! The invasion of France probably brings back memories to a lot of 1918 veterans but few, we'lKbet, can top a story told by Gene Austin, the gent who made "My Blue Heaven" famous. One night during a rainstorm in a small town near Paris, Gene wandered into a building looking for a dry spot to sleep. He noticed a lot of benches with figures under blankets but found an empty bench. Next morning he opened his eyes, turned pale and started running. He had slept in the town's morgue! "Dear sir—" Hollywood's collector of odd letter- ature, Juliet Lowell, has compiled another book, titled "Dear Sir," based on odd letters sent to draft boards, war agencies and government offices. It will probably reach the screen as a series of shorts, similar to the celluloid version of her first effort along the same line, "Dumb Belle Lettres." She found all draft boards and war agencies happy to co-operate because the idea was to furnish sorely needed laughs to a nation at war. The collection includes such little gems as: "Draft Board. Dear sir: In answer to your letter, I was married last week. I'm sorry I made this mistake." Another, "Draft Board. Dear ajr: Please leave mo out of the army a little longer. My wife's father is in a little trouble. He got life sentence." No more cigar smoking for Ixm Costello on the screen or in publicity pictures. His radio cigarette sponsor squawked. He remains, however, a chain cigar smoker when the camera's aren't peeking. (Copyright, 1944, NBA Service. Inc.) -^•V - — - — — ^^^^^^^— — . ^f-m—^r^^m R J , T7* • j. eaders Viewpoint EDITOR'S NOTli—Letleri should be limited to 150 words; may attack Ideaa but not persons; miiHi not be abusive and should be written leptbly and on one side of me paper. The Callfornlan 1* not responsible for the sentiments contained therein and reserves the ri«ht to reject any letters. Letters must bear an authentic address and signature, although these will be withheld if desired. SHAVE AM) HAIKCLT Editor The Californian: No, not six bits, but $3. In the Reader's Viewpoint, I want to speak in regards to the sailors serving in our splendid navy, the best and the largest, the world over. Recently I have had the pleasure of visiting my son in San Francisco, who has returned from the south Pacific, where he has been for the second time. The first time, he spent six months with the armed guard, delivering supplies to our fighting forces, who are doing a remarkable job, and the second having been 4Vj months. I believe the public is aware of the fact that our sailors for years have become influenced to growing a beard, which is more or less a fad and some of them are what one may call rather long. I imagine the reason for this is that they're probably very busy at sea, preparing 1 for any emergency which may prevail. We must charge it to that effect, anyhow. Xow, when the ship comes to the states tho boys are eagerly looking forward to a fresh shave and haircut, so they may be presentable to the public. Naturally they head for a barber shop. After arriving there, sit in the barber's chair, relax and get a good trimming, for a rather ridiculous price. They not only get their hair trimmed but also their pocketbook, financially, of course. Did you ever in your life hear of a barber charging $3 for a haircut and shave? Well, that's just wHnt happens. Where is the justice in that, to our boys risking their lives fighting for you and for me, for our future and for our democracy? Being treated like that by the money-sharks, who are having their three square meals a day, soft beds and all the comforts of a human being, and our boys having to pay such an outrageous sum for a shave and haircut. Sometimes I wonder if the OPA would be so kind as to take the matter into consideration and come to the discussion of a ceiling price on a haircut and shave. What do you thjnk? OUS BALASIS. Flower Street, LABOR DAT Editor Tho Californian: Labor Day, what a day! A day to revaluate what Aabor kinds of labor, their many, if put into one, would be king of the earth! Behold man's handiwork throughout the whole of the world, the cathedrals of old and ^^ ^— is worth! All numbers are their great works of art, monuments of labor magnificient unto God! Only surpassed by the granduer of the heavens, lit up with the stars, the suns and the moon, and magnifi- cient granduer by the greatest toiler of all, the king of all labors, tho utmost of God! The planer of planers, the creator of makers, the creator of life, and added to it an infinite touch! And this is more grand than life ityelf! He gave it the power to recreate life in itself, no man can do this, therefore it is God! So' God is the creator of the universe and all; so render unto God the glory that Is His! And unto his laborers the wealth that they make, from out of God's universe it is his that we take! "VVe deem it was made by God for man's use; but not to be wasted by stupid abuse. Dedicate Labor Day to the glory of its labors, "where work and worth shall go hand in hand" throughout the world and in this our land, labor your glory is king of the world; you are the highest and the noblest of all. You sweat and you toil for your daily bread, hold your head high, you are the symbol of God! JAMES PEARSON. 600 Roberts Lane. LABOR DAY DRIVING Editor The Californian: According to the tale It was an Irishman who wagered he could eat 10 dumplings. It turned out to be a little more than he had expected. As he ruefully gazed at the tenth dumpling on his plate he remarked "Begorra, if I'd known you were going to be left over I'd have eaten you first." After the Labor Day week end Home motorists are going to feel a bit like this Irishman, as they look back upon what happened. They would have done something differently, had they known how things would turn out, the accidents. Some, of course, who get classified as fatalities, will not be able to look back. But it is not essential to have accidents. Naturally you cannot leave safety to luck and expect to win all the time. One has to use some common sense and do what he, or she, can to attain a safe ending to the trip. Why not make up your mind to come through this week end safely. If you must drink, do it between tripe. Always keep the safe arrival in your mind. It ia not when you get there that counts, but just that you do get there. And keeping •peed down to around 35 will be at big aid. F. B. WILLIAMS. ! i .

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