Boo bash Chocolate sweets star in Halloween treats/C1 FOOD . . , In the Cards? St. Louis attempts to clinch World Series berth/D1 SPORTS : Moving firm may clear way for retail business on Schilling / A8 • GOill' home: Pope John Paul II is released from hospital after surgery / C5 INSIDE Low: 53 Warmer today with south winds increasing to 20 to 30 mph / B3 WEATHER Salina Journal Classified / C7 Comics / B4 Deaths / A9 Food/C1 Great Plains / B1 Money/C6 Sports / D1 Viewpoints / B2 INDEX WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 16, 1996 SALINA, KANSAS 50 cents T SCHOOL ENROLLMENT Enrollment falls at area schools Downsizing at Fort Riley is among many factors that have affected districts By LINDA MOWERY-DENNING The Salina Journal School life to the east of Salina was good the past five years as districts in Abilene, Chapman and other communities fell into a slow, but steady, growth pattern that allowed them to increase their annual funding authority without asking for additional local taxes. Everything changed with the start of this school year. "We went over a cliff," Abilene Superintendent Jim Lambert said. "We're back to where we were five years ago. It took one year to wipe out five years of gain." His district's full-time equivalent student count dropped 90.5 students from this past year, to 1,417.5 students. Abilene had the most dramatic loss, but other nearby school districts also reported declines: 27 students at Herington, 46 students at Chapman, and 30 students at Clay Center, which also covers Wakefield, Morganville, Longford and Green. School administrators say the lost students are the result of several factors, including cuts in the U.S. Army's active-duty force at Fort Riley near Junction City. Since March, the troop level at the fort has gone from about 14,000 soldiers to 10,000. "Traditionally, about 10 percent of our school head count has been kids connected to the uniform military," said Thomas Vernon, superintendent of the Herington School District. "Some of our enrollment decline was due to the military, some was not. We just simply lost some. Probably 40 percent of the loss was due to the military." Declines suffered by the school districts do not appear to have invaded other segments of the region's economy. Demand for housing remains strong in the affected communities and merchants report brisk sales — although recent sales tax figures are not available. "As far as utility connects and so forth, I haven't seen any effect," said John Carder, Herington city manager. "As far as within our own community, housing is at quite a premium." Wanda Fowles, a real estate broker in Clay Center, tells a similar story. "There doesn't seem to be as many calls for rental property by Army people as we've had in the past, but the housing market has been real good. I would say it's a seller's market," she said. "We still have a nice selection but not anything like we've had in the past." Economic development leaders at Junction City, the town most affected by any change at Fort Riley, say they have no way of measuring the fallout from the military downsizing. But they suspect the blow has been softened by the addition of other jobs to the community: A company that sells electronic items through the mail has opened and a meat processor is to start production in December. The two companies will create hundreds of new jobs is a town traditionally dependent on the military. See SCHOOLS, Page A9 Chapman -A-Abilene Herington Declining school enrollment T CAMPAIGN '96 Dole delivers assault on eve of final debate GOP challenger says Clinton 'has betrayed trust' of Americans By TOM RAUM The Associated Press SAN DIEGO — On the eve of the final presidential debate, Bob Dole issued a scathing indictment of "ethical failures" by President Clinton and his administration in a frontal attack on character issues he had treaded on only gingerly in the past. Previewing a tougher, more- negative stance that he is expected to take to the debate, Dole asserted Tuesday that Clinton was presiding over one of the most unethical administrations in U.S. history. Dole cited a pattern "of half- truths, an atmosphere of evasion." He rattled off a catalogue of alleged ethical lapses by the administration, beginning with the 1993 firing of White House Travel Office veterans to the current dispute over links to Asian businessmen and their contributions to Democrats. "A president who has betrayed your trust has not won your vote. In my view, it is that simple. To say otherwise is to send a message that public integrity is meaningless," Dole said. "No administration has been more self-righteous," Dole told the annual conference of the Electronics Industry Association in nearby Coronado. "But few administrations have been more self-serving. No administration has shown more arrogance. But few have displayed more ethical failures." With the election just three SAN DIEGO CA L IFORN IA PLACE: Shlley Theater, University of San Diego. DATE: Tonight. TIME: 8 to 9:30 p.m. Central time, MODERATOR: Jim Lehrer of PBS. TV COVERAGE: ABC, CBS, NBC and PBS will broadcast live. On cable, CNN, C-SPAN, Fox News Channel and MSNBC also will carry live. FORMAL Town-hall style with a moderator. Lehrer will randomly select questioners from the 120 men and women from San Diego County. AP weeks away, Clinton retains a commanding double-digit lead in national surveys. Clinton shrugged off the attack, sticking with a strategy to portray himself as the candidate who is above personal insults. "We're going to have a debate tomorrow night," Clinton said. "I have not only tried to take responsibility for things that I have some responsibility for — good or bad — but also to share some of the good news with the American people." Clinton said Americans want a campaign about "issues, ideas and not insults. And the American people can simply make up their own mind." 4 Vice President Al Gore says the Dole campaign's attacks on President Clinton are a sign of desperation / Page A3 The Associated Press Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole points to a photo of himself at age 20 as he speaks at a rally Tuesday in San Diego. Iran-Contra prosecutor rips Dole By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — Former Iran-Contra prosecutor Lawrence Walsh accused Bob Dole of "hypocrisy" Tuesday in trying to use the pardon issue against President Clinton in the Whitewater affair. Releasing two chapters of his forthcoming book, Walsh said Dole successfully "urged pardons for crimes of constitutional dimension" in the Iran-Contra scandal in 1992. President Bush pardoned former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger less than two weeks before he was to go on trial for allegedly lying about his knowledge of the Reagan White House's secret arms sales to Iran. "Senator Dole's demand that President Clinton forgo future pardons connected with Whitewater gives the voters a remarkable': view of Dole's hypocrisy," Walsh said in a three-page statement released by his publisher. "Dole's profession of public concern about what President Clinton might do sharply contrasts with his action during the investigation of Cabinet officers in the Iran- Contra affair — persons who, while in federal office, lied to Congress to conceal their own knowledge of a scandal of constitutional dimensions," the statement added. Walsh's book — to be released next spring — is entitled "Firewall: The Iran-Contra Conspiracy and Cover-up." Walsh bluntly denounced Dole's actions of four years ago. "After the indictment of Weinberger and even after the jurors had been notified to report for the trial, Senator Dole continuously attacked the investigation and the indictment with McCarthy-like false statements," Walsh said in his statement. Bush pardoned Weinberger and five other Iran-Contra figures on Christmas Eve 1992, the month after losing the presidential election to Clinton. T SUPREME COURT Court to review religious freedom 1993 law aims to stop fed's interference with citizens' spiritual lives By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court set the stage for a key ruling on religious freedom by agreeing Tuesday to review a 1993 law aimed at curbing governmental interference with the spiritual lives of Americans. In taking on a case that began as a zoning dispute between a church and a Texas city, the justices said they will review the constitutionality of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. The law gives more weight to claims that actions taken by government sometimes improperly restrict religious freedom. The court's ruling, expected by July, could clarify the boundaries between legitimate governmental restrictions and undue infringement on religious freedom. A church in Boerne, Texas, invoked the law after the city thwarted its attempt to build an addition. The church argued that Boerne's refusal to issue the permit was an example of governmental action banned by the law. City officials, in turn, mounted a constitutional attack — contending that in passing the law, Congress unlawfully usurped power from state and local governments and from the Supreme Court itself. "What's at stake is really any meaningful expression of faith for all Americans," said Melissa Rogers of the Baptist Joint Committee on Public Affairs, one of many religious groups that pushed for the act's passage. "We think the law is both constitutional and vital to religious freedom," she said. The great pumpkin The Associated Press Zack Dotson searches for the perfect pumpkin Monday at the Southern Hills Methodist Church pumpkin sale In Tulsa, Okla. T PRICE-FIXING CASE Analyst: APM will survive price-fixing scandal Government says guilty plea, fine will be deterrent to other corporations By CLIFF EDWARDS The Associated Press CHICAGO — The government says Archer Daniels Midland Co.'s guilty plea and $100 million fine for price fixing should serve as a powerful deterrent to other corporations thinking of wrongdoing. Financial analysts say it won't. Leonard Teitelbaum at Merrill Lynch said Tuesday the settlement lays to rest one of the few thorny issues facing the big agricultural products company. ADM's belated admission is unlikely to affect its future sales or profits, he said. "They're all big boys," Teitelbaum said, referring to ADM's customers. "They know ADM is a major player in these markets and don't really have anyone else to turn to even if they wanted." With the simple words of "guilty, your honor," ADM Controller Steven Mills put a cap Tuesday on the company's financial culpability in a scandal that revealed a pattern of corporate greed in the agricultural products industry. The giant grain and soybean processor, which is headquartered at Decatur, 111., will pay $100 million to settle charges it colluded with competitors on prices and sales for the livestock feed supplement lysine, the food additive citric acid, detergents and other products. The company has a flour-milling operation in Salina, and a Brookville man, John K. Vanier, serves on the ADM board of directors. Attorney General Janet Reno touted the settlement as the largest in a criminal antitrust investigation, but the fine represents a little more than 4 percent of the $2.4 billion in cash analysts say the company has on hand. And it could have been worse. Prosecutors said they could have sought $108 million in the lysine case alone, and another $224 million in the citric acid case, since ADM was found mostly to blame in those matters. "We think this was a very good plea agreement for the government and we think it will deter other corporations from engaging in that type of behavior," said Scott Lassar, the lead prosecutor in the. lysine case. U.S. District Judge Ruben Castillo accepted the plea and said corporate America should take note. "The simple message of today's proceedings is that no American company is above the law," Castillo said. The fine was enough to sap most of ADM's profits in the third quarter, the company reported Tuesday, but that's likely to be the end of its impact. Even after accounting for the payment, attorneys fees and a related civil settlement of $90 million, the company still earned $3.56 million, or 1 cent a share in the quarter, ADM reported Tuesday. That compares to $163.1 million, or 29 cents a share last year. ADM Chairman Dwayne Andreas, a power broker who donates liberally to both Republicans and Democrats, remains in his position. The plea bargain requires the company to cooperate with additional price- fixing investigations, but grants immunity to all employees and directors with the exception of executives Terrance Wilson and Michael Andreas, the chairman's son. Both are expected to be indicted and could face jail time. While they had been seen as potential successors to the elder Andreas, analysts said their potential loss won't have a material impact on the company.
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