Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas on December 8, 1908 · Page 8
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Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas · Page 8

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Iola, Kansas
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Tuesday, December 8, 1908
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PRESIDENT'S ~ JESSAGE, lakes Anooal Reconuneii- , dations to Con^ss. I AmCKS ANTI-TRUST lAW its most effecUre effort In the abap*' |iroTUl«d that the right to ctrtr oo which be ia in any way amenable are Sharman Act Should Be Amendad to Parmit Combinations Which Aro In tha Intareat of tha Public, Saya the Praaidant — Urgea Legialation to Safeguard the Wageworkcra—Dwells on Need of Protection For Forasta. Viawa on the Army and tha Navy. Washington, Dec. S.—In bis vaeasago to congress, read to the two houses, the president said: The flnaoclal standing of the nation at the present time is excellent and the financial management of the nation's interests by the government during the last seven years has shown the most satisfactory results. But our currency system is Imperfect, and It is earnestly to be hoped that the currency commission will be able to propose a thoroughly good system which will do away with the existing defects. 1 .During the period from July 1, 1001, to Sept 80, 1908, there has been a net surplus of nearly one hundred millions of receipts over expenditures, a reduction of the Interest bearing debt by ninety millions, in spite of the extraordinary expense of the Panama canal and a saving of nearly nine millions on the annual interest charge. This is an exceedingly satisfactory showing. There has been a reduction of taxation. Corporation*. ' As regards the great corporations engaged iu luterstnte business, ami esi>e- citUy the raliroads, I cuii only n'i>eat what I have already again oud ngnln aald In my messages to the congress. I believe that under ibc interstate clause of the constitution the United States lias complete and paramount right to control ail agencies of inter- Btxte commerce, and I believe that the national government nlone can exercise this right with wisdom and effectiveness so as both to secure Justice from and to do Justice to the great corporations which are the most important factors in modem business. 1 believe that it is worse than folly to attempt to prohibit all combinations. ma is done by the Shermau anti-trust law, becanse such a law can be enforced only imperfectly and unequally, and Its enforcement works almost as much hardship as gootl. I strongly advocate that instead of an unwise effort to prohibit all combinations there shall be substituted a law which shall expressly permit combinations which are In the Interest of the public, but shall at the same lime give to some agency of the national government full power of control nnd supcrvi.'-rlon over them. One of the chief features of this control should be securing entire publicity in all matters which the pub 11c has a right to know and, furthermore, the power, not by Judicial, but by executive, action to prevent or put a stop to every form of Improper favoritism or other wrongdoin;;. The railways of the country should be put completely under the Interstate commerce commission and removed from the domain of the antitrust law. The power of the commission should be made thoroughgoing, so that It could exercise ooraplpfo supervision and control over the tasue of securitiei aa well as over the raising and lowering of ratee. As regards ratee, at least tlila power should be summary. Fow< er to make combinations and tmlBc agreements should be explicitly con* ferred upon the railroads, the permission of the commlsNl<)i) IK-IDS f^^*- gained and the combination «>r agreement l>elng pultlisbed iu all its details. The IntercMts uf )he sbnrehold- tn, of the employees and of the shippers should all be guarded as sgainst one another. To give any one of them undue and Improper consideration Is to do injustice to the others. Rates must be made as low as is compatible with giving proper returns to all th« employees of the railroad, from th« highest to the lowest, and proper re- tnras to the shareholders, but they moat not for instance, be reduced in each fashion as to necessitate a cn£ in the wages of the employees or the abolition of the proper and legitimate profits of honest shareholders. Telegraph and telephone companies engaged In Interstate business should l)e put under the Jnrisdiction of the interstate commerce commission. Ample Reward* For Intelligence. Tt Us to the Interest of all of us that there should be a premium put upon individual Initiative and Individual capacity and an ample reward for the great directing intelligences alone competent to manage the great business operations of today. It Is well to keep in mind that exactly as the anarchist is the worst enemy of liberty and the reactionary the worst enemy of order 80 the men who defend the rights of property have most to fear from the wrongdoers of great wealth, and the men who are championing popular lights have most to fear from the demagogues who In the name of popular rights would do wrong to and op- preaa honest business men, honest men of wealth, for thtf success of either Ifpe ot wrongdoer uecesaarlly invitee a vMant reactioD against the cansc <ba .ii ||af4oer nominally upbolda. '• n* OKiMitioD to government COB- 4nl oC tfeata gmt coiporatldiu nttkia of an appeal to the old doctrine of, biiaiiicaa abonld not b* cooatmed aa a states' rights. The proposal to make the national government supreme over, and therefore to give it complete control over, the raOroads and oOier instmments of interstate commerce ia merely a proposal to carry out to the letter one of the prime purposes, if not the prime purpose, for which the constitntion was founded. It docs not represent centrslhutton. I believe that the more faralghted corporations are themselves coming to recognize the unwisdom of the violent hostility they have displayed dnrlng the last few years to regnhitlon and control by the national government of combinations engaged in Interstate business. Labor. There are many matters affecting labor and the status of the wageworker to which I should like to draw your attention. As far as poesIUe I hope to see a frank recognition of the advantages conferred by machinery, organization and division of labor, accompanied by an effort to bring about a larger share In the ownership by i wageworker cif railway, mill and factory. In farming this simply means that we wish to see the farmer own his own land. We do not wish to see the ptopetlj right, and in a second pn>- TUOB thdr biU madalegal in a labor dlspnta any act or agreement by or between two or more pc^rsnos -that wonld not have been nnlawfal If done by a aingle person. In other words, thU bill legalhced bUdUlstlng and boycotting in every form. The demand was made that there sbonld be trial by Jury in contempt cases, thereby most seriously impairing the antbori^ of the coorts. All this represented course of policy which, if carried ont, wonld mean the enthronement of doss privilege in its crudest and most brutal form apd the destmctlon of one of the most essential functions of the Judiciary in all civil laed lands. The wageworkers, the worklngmen, the laboring men of the country, by the way In which they repudiated the ef fort to get them to cast their votes In response to an appeal to class hatred have emphasized their sound patriothim and Aiiierlcanism. Court* Imparilad by Judgaa. But ihB extreme reactionaries, the pereons who blind themselves to the wrongs now and then comtnltted by the courts on laboring men, shonid ' also think seriously as to what such a j movement as this portends. The j courts are Jeoparded primarily by the farms so large that they become the f*^""" t ^f* f"*KmL property of absentee landlord* who ><^<^ Inability or ^111- Jv ,Jr .i,»« t «„.nf-n «r v»f «« ! In«ne88 to put s stop to the wrongdoing of very rich men nnder modem industrial conditions. There are certain decisions by va- farm them by tenants nor yet so small that the farmer becomes like a European peasant. The deposlton in our savings banks now number over one-tenth qf our entire population. These are all capitalists I who through the savings banks loan their money to the workers—that Is. In many cases to themselves—to carry on their various industries. Postal savings banks will make it easy for the poorest to keep their savings In absolute safety. The regulation of the national highways must be such that they shall serve all iieopic with equal Justice. Corporate finances must be suiiervlsed so as to make It far safer than at present for the man of small means to invest bis money in stocks. There must be'prohibition of child labor, dimlnntlon of woman labor, shortening of boura of all mechanical labor. Stock watering sbonld be prohibited, and stock gambling, so far ns Is possible, discouraged. There sbonld be a progressive iuherltnnre tax on large fortunes. Industrial education should be encouraged. Protection For Wageworkers. There Is one matter with which the congress should deal at this session. There should no longer be any paltering with the question of taking care of the wageworkcra who, under our present Industrial system, become killed, crippled or worn out as part of the regular Incidents of a given business. The object sought for could be achieved to a measurable degree, as far as those killed or crippled are concerned. rious courts which have been exceedingly detrimental to the rights of wageworkcra. This is true of ail the decisions that decide that men and women ate by the constitntion "guaranteed their liberty" to contract to enter a dangerous occupation, or to work nn undesirable or Improper number of houra, or to work In unhealthy snrronndlngs, and therefore cannot recover damages when maimed in that occupation and cannot be forbidden to work what the legislature decides Is nn excessive number of hours, or to carry on the work under conditions which the legislature deckles to be uu healthy. I There Is also, I think, ground for the belief that substantial Injustice is often suffered by employees in consequence of the custom of courts issuing temporary injunctions without notice to them ond punhthlng them for contempt of court in Instances where, as a matter of fact they' have no knowledge of any proceedings. Provision should be made that no Injunction or temporary restraining order Issue otherwise than on notice, except where irreparable Injury would otherwise result and Jn such case a hearing on the merits of the order should be had within a short fixed iwriod, and If not then continued after hear- ins It should forthwith lapse. Decisions should bie rendered Immediately and the chance of debiy minimized in by proper employers' liability laws, every way. •Vs far as concerns those who have i The courts are to be highly com- been woni out I call your attention to the fact that definite steps toward providing old age pensions have been taken in many of our private indus- trie."». Pending a thoroughgoing investigation and action there is certain legislation which should be enacted nt once. The law passed nt the last session of the congreiss granting compensation to certain classes of employees of the government should be exteii<le<l to Include all employees of the government and should be made more liberal In Its terms. In this respect - the generosity of the United States toward Its employees compares most unfavorably with that of every country In Europe—even the poorest. The terms of the act arc also a hardship in prohibiting payment In cases where the accident Is in any way due to the negligence of the employee, rt Is Inovitable that dally familiarity with danger will lead men to tiUo chances that can be constmed Into negligence. I renew my recommendation made in a previous message that half holidays IM > granted during the summer to all vageworken. in government employ. I also renew my recommendation that the principle of the eight bour day should as rapidly and as far as practicable be extended to the entire work being carried on by the government The Courts. I most earnestly urge upon the congress the duty of increasing the totally Inadequate salaries now given to our Judges. On the whole, there is no body of t»nbllc servants who do as valuable work nor whose moneyed reward Is so inadequate compared to their work. Beginning with the supreme court, the Judges should have their salaries doubled. It Is earnestly to be desired that some method should be devised for doing away with the long debiys which now obtain in the administration of Justice and which operate with peculiar severity against persons of small means and favor only the very criminals whom it is most desirable to pun- hsh. mended and stanchly upheld when they set their faces against wrongdoing or tyranny by a majority, but they are to be blamed when they . fail to recognize under a government like oura the deliberate Judgment of the majority as to a matter of legitimate policy when duly expressed by ! the legislature. The people should 'not be permitted to pardon evil and slipshod legislation on the theory that the court will set It right Th%y should be taught that the right way to get rid of a bad law Is to have the leglslattire repeal It and not to have the courts by Ingenious hair splitting nullify It. People Themsalvaa to Blame. For many of the shortcomings of justice In our country our people as a whole arc themselves to blame, and the Judges and Juries merely \tenr their share together, with the public as a whole. It' is discjnditablo to us as a people that there ahoold be rtiflealty In convicting ranrdecen or In bringing to Justice meu who ns public servants bavo been gnllty of corruption or who have profltetl by the corruption of public servants. The huge wealth that has been accumulated by a few individuals of recent yean. In whnt has amounted to a social and Industrial revolution, has been as rfgard* some of these individuals made possible only by the Improper use of the modern corporatioM. '.'or- poratlons arc necessary Instruuieuts of modem business. They have been permitted to become a menace largely because the governmental representatives of the iKK ^Ie have worked slowly In providing for adequate control over them. Beat damage has been done by the manifold and conflicting Interpretations of the interatate commerce law. Control over the great corporations doing Interstate business can be effective only If It Is veeted with full power in an administrative departments branch 'of the federal executive, carrying ont a federal law. It can never be effective If a divided responsibUity is left in both the sUtM and the nation. It can never be effective if left in the hands of the courts to be decided by lawsuits. J The courts bold a place of peculiar and deserved sanctity nnder our form At the laat election cerUIn leaden ; of government. Respect for the law is of organized Uber made a violent and sweeping attaok upon .the entire Jur diclary of the country, an attack couched in such terms as to include the most upright honest and broad minded Judges no less than those of narrower mind and more restricted outlook. l,aat year before the house committee on the Judiciary these same hibor leaders formoiated tlielr demands, sp ^ifylng the bill that cw- tained them, refusing all compromisa. sUting they wMwd the princlpla ct that Mil oe Bodiii^p TIM^ Iniatod oa a provlalo4 that If a labor dlapata .»o iBJuacttea atwMd Jwaeiageapt to pro- ntial to the permanence of our in- stitntlons. and respect for the hiw is largely conditioned' upon respect for the courts.' But we mnst face the fact that there are wise and nnwise Judges, Just as there are wise and nnwise executives and legislators. When a president or governor briiaves Improperly or unwisely the remedy is easy, bia term ia abort The aamo la with the lefialator, altbon^'not the aame degree. With a Jodft batnc hanaa, is atoo Ukely.^o tvMrrtrte lICa, ttaw wax «r feoNUiviaa to nadar ordtaar^ «Mdl> pnbllc • opinion and the action of his feUow jndges. It is the last which is most imucdUtely effecUve an^ to which we should look for the reform of abuses. Forests. If there Is any one duty which more than another we owe It to our children and our children's cblldivn to perform at once It Is to save the forests of this country, for they constitute the flrat and most Important element in the conservation of the natural resources of the country. Shortsighted persous, or persons blinded to the future by deshre to make money in every way out of the present sometimes speak as if no great dsmage would be done by the reckless destruction of our forests. It Is difficult to have patience with the arguments of these peraons. Thanks to our own recklessness In the use of our splendid forests, we have already crossed the verge of a timber famine In this country, and no measures that we now take can, at least for many yeara, undo the mischief that has al ready been done. But we ,can prevent further mischief being done, and It would be In the highest degree reprehensible to let any consideration of temporary convenience or temporary cost Interfere with such action, especially as regards the national forests, whlcn^the nation can now at this very moment control. [The president here cites In support of his contentions the great destruc tlon wrought In China by the denude tlon of the forest areas.] What has thus happened In northern China, what has happened in central Asia, in Palestine, In north Africa, In parts of the Mediterranean Countries of Europe, will surely happen In our country If we do not exercbw that wise forethought which should be one of the chief marks of any people call Ing Itself civilized. Nothing should be permitted to stsnd in the way of the preservation of the forests, and It is criminal to permit Individuals to pur chase a little gain for themselves through the destruction of forests when this destruction Is fatal to the well being of the whole country In the future. inland Waterways. Action should be begun forthwith during the present session of congress, for the Improvement of our Inhiud waterways-action which will result in giving us hot only navigable but navigated riven. We have spent hundreds of millions of dollara upon these waterways, ^et the traffic on nearly all of them is steadily declhi- ing. This condition is the direct re suit of the atisence of any comprehensive and ^arseelng phin of waterway Improvement Obviously we can not conthiue thus to expend the revenues of the government without return. It is poor business to spend money for inland navigation unless we get It Such shortsighted, vacillating and futile methods are accompanied by decreasing water home commerce and Increaabig traffic congestion on land, by increasing floods and by the waste of public money.. The" remedy lies In abandoning the methods which have so signally failed and adopting new ones In keeping with.the needs and demands of our people. In a report on a measure Introduced at the firat session of the present con gress the secretary of war said, "The chief defect in the methods hitherto punned lies in the absence of execu tlve authority for originating comprehensive plans covering the country or natural divisions thereof." In this opinion I heartily concur. Until the work of river Improvement Is undertaken In a modem way It cannot have results that will meet the needs of this modern nation. These needs shonid be met without further dllly-dailyteg^ or delay. The plan which promises the best and quickest results is that of a permanent commission authorized to co-ordinate the work of all the government departments relating to waterways and to frame and supervise the execution of a comprehensive plan. The time for playing with our waterways is psst The country demands resulu. National Parks. I urge that all our uatlonal parka adjacent to national forests lie placed completely nnder the control of the forest service of the agricultural department instead of leaving them, as <hey are now, under the interior department and policed by the army. Pure Food. The pure food legislation has already worked a benefit difficult to overestimate. Secret Service. Last year an amendment was Incorporated In the measure providing for the secret service which provided that there should be no detail from the secret service and no transfer therefrom. It is not too much to say that this amendment has been of benefit only, and could be of benefit only, to the criminal classes. The amendment In question was of benefit to no one excepting to criminals, and it seriously hampers the government In the detection of crime and the securing of Justice. It prevents the' promotion of employees in the secret service, and this further discouragea good effort. In Its present form the restriction operates only to the advantage of the crimbial, of the wrongdoer. The chief argument lu favor of the provision was that the congresamen 4id not themselves wish to be Investl- gatad by secret service meo. Very li^ tie of snch iov«rtlcatlon baa been doat io the past bat it ia true that tha wortc of the aocrat aenrlca agestg was partljr napoMlUa for tfea ladietamit aad coa- vtettoaofaasnatoranda .1. to pnitet erimlnala in any braach ot partnre when compmd wltk^aoyaiaft Oie pabilc aervice. and exactly aa w» which baa happened among Aalatle have again and again during the paat powera which are their own maaters. aeven years pnsecnted and convictwl We have given the Fillplnoa eraatita- mch criminals who were in the execu-, tlonal government, a govemmont baaed tlve- branch of the ^vernment ao hi; npon Jnatlce, and we have shown that we have governed them for their goqd he laad-fno* la Oitgou. l^da MM my belief we abonld be given' ample means to prosecnte them* i^ found in the legislaUve branch. Hot if this is not considered deshrable a spechil exception coald be made In the law prohibiting the use of the secret ^ice foree in investigating memben of the congress. It would be far better to do this than.to do what actually was done and strive to prevent or st least to hamper effective action against criminals by the executive branch of the goverament. Postal Savings Banka. I again renew my recommendation for postal savings banks, for deposit ing savings with the security of the government behind them. The object Is to enconrage thrift and economy in the wage earner and person of mod erate means. It is believed that in the aggregate vast sums of money would be brought into circulation' through the Instramcntallty of the postal savings banks. Postal savings banks are now in opmitlon in practically ail the great civilized countries with the exception of the United States. Parcel Post. In my last annual message I com mended the postmaster general's rec ommendatlon for an extension of the parcel post on the rural routes. The establishment of a local pareel post on rural routes would be to the mu tnal benefit of the farmer aad the country storekeeper, and it Is desirable that the routes, serving' more than 15,000,000 people, should be utUlzed to the fnllcst practicable extent. Edueation. The share that the national government should take in the broad work of education has not received the attention and the care It rightly deserves. I earnestly recommend that this un fortunate state of affaire as regards the national educational office be rem' cdled by adequate appropriations. Census. I strongly urge that the request of the director of the census in connection with the decennial work so soon to be begun be compiled with and that the appointments to the census foree be placed under the civil service law, waiving the geographical requirements as requested by the director of tbe census. Tbe supervlsora and enumer- atora should not be appointed under the civil service law for the reasom given by the director. ' Public Health. The dangera to public health from food adulteration and from many other sources, snch as the menace to the physical, mental and moral development of children from child labor, should be met and overcome. This na tion cannot afford to lag behind In the worldwide battle now being waged by all.clvilbced people with the micr(^ scopkr foes of mankind. The firat legislative step to be taken hi that for the concentration of the proper bureaus into one of the existing departments. Statehood. I advocate the immediate admission of New Mexico and Arizona as states. This should be done at the present session of the^ congress. The people of the two territorlee have made It evident by tlieir votes that they will not come In as one state. The only alternative is to admit them as two. ond I trust that this will be done without delay. Foreign Affaire. This nation's foreign policy Is based on the theory that right must be done between natlons'prcelsely as between Individuals, and In our actions for tbe last ten ^yeara we have In this matter proved our faith by oar deeds; We have behaved and an behaving toward other nations as. (a private life an honorable roan would tehave toward his fellowa. . Latin Ameriean napublles. The commerelal And material progress of the twenty T.atln American republics IS. worthy of tbe careful attention of tbe congress. No other section of tbe world has shown a greater proportionate development of Its foreign trade during the last ten yeara. and none other has more special claims on the Interest of the United Slates. Panama Canal. The work on tbe Panama canal is being ilone with u speed, efficiency and entire devotion to duty which make it model for all work of the kind. No task of such magnitude has ever tiefore been undertakep by any nation, and no task of the kind has ever been better performed. The men on the Isthmus, from Colonel Goethals and bis fellow commissioners through tiie entire Ibt of employees who are,faithfully doing their duty, have won their right to the ungrudging respect and gratitude of the Amerlcatf people. Oeaan Mail Unee. I again recommend tbe extensioa of the ocean moll act of 1881 so tbat satisfactory Ameriean ocean mail lines to South America, Asia, the Phliipphies and Anstralssia may be' established. Tbe creation of auch ateamship lines should be the natural corollary of the voyage of the battle fleet It should precede tbe opening of tbe Panama canal. The Pliilippinaa. Real progress toward self government Is bebig made in ttie Philipphie lalands. Tlie-gath#riiw of a Philippine iMlslatlve body and. Philippine assembly narks a pniesaa absolately new tai Asia, nor only as ragarda Asiatic eolo- niaa of Kvtopoaa pnrora, bat aa ra- garda AaJaMJe'pnsswMwn «r otherJUl- atle paisan^^aad Maai^ alwaya is»- r ,tbf striklM .na SMMlacf il lax- SflwM 1^ tfea •Mt mt^ «t and not for oar aggrandisement At tbe present time,, aa during the' past ten years, the Inexorable 1-iglc of facts shows that this government must be supplied by us and not. by tliem. We must be wise and generous. We must belp the Filipinos to master tbe difficult art of self control, which is simply another name for self government But we cannot give them self government save in the sense of govenUng them so that gradually they may, if they are able, learn to govern themselves. No one can prophesy the exact date when It will be wise to consider independence as a fixed and definite policy. Porte Rice. I again recommend that American citizenship be conferred npon the people of Porto Bico. ' Cuba. In Cuba our occupancy will cease iu about two months' time. Tbe Cubans have in orderly jnanner elected their own governmental authorities, and the Ishind will be turned over to them. Our occupation on this occasion has lasted a little over two yeara, and Cuba has thriven and prospered under it Our earnest hope and one desire is that the people of the Island shall now govern themselves with Justice, so that peace and order may be se-. cure. TtM PIset's Recaption. ~ i taike' this opportunity publicly to state my appreciation of tbe way in which in Japan, in Australia, 1D> New Zealand and in all the states ot South America the battle fleet has been received on 1U° practice voyage atoand tbe world. The American goyniiwnt cannot too strongly express its appis- clatlon of tbe abounding and generous hospitality shown our ships In every port they visited. The Army. As regattls the army, I call :attention to tbe fact that while our Junior offl- cen and enlisted men stand very high, the present system of promotion by seniority results In bringing into tbe higher grades many men of mediocre capacity who have but a short time to serve. No man should regard it as his vested right to rise to tbe highest rank in the army any more than *n any other profession. The scope of retiring boards sbonld be extended so tbat they could consider general unfitness to command for any cause in order to secure a far more rigid enforcement than at present in the elimination of offlcen for mental, physical or temperamental disabilities. But this plan la recommended only if tbe congress does-dot see fit to provide what In my Judgment is far better—that Is, for-selee-' tlon In promotion and for (elimination for age. Now that tbe organized, militia, tlie national guard, has been incorporated with the army as a part of tbe national forces it behooves the govemineht :to do every reasonable thing in its power to perfect Jts efficiency. A bill Is now pending before tbo congress creating a number of extra officera In the army, which, if passed, as It ought to be, will enable more of­ ficera to be trained as instructora of national guard and assigned to tbat duty. Tliere should be leglsUition to provide a complete plan for organis­ ing the great body of volunteera behind the regular army and national guard when war has come. Whila teams representing the United Stat^ won tbe rifle and revolver champiea- ships of the world against all connn In EngUind this year, It la anfortnna^»> ly true tbat the great body of our eitt- sens ahoot less and leas as tfano goiaa on. ' To meet this we should eneoozaBa rifle practice among schoolboys aad Indeed among ail classes, as well aa in the military services, by erery means In our |>ower. The Navy. I approve the recommendations of the general iMiard for tbe increasa of the navy, calling espechil attention to tbe need of additional destroy en and colliera and. above alt of tbe fonr battleships. It Is desirable to completo as soon as possible a squadron of eight battleships of the best exlstlog typt. The North Dakota, Debiware, noridh and Utah will form the flnt diviaUia of this squadron. I most earnestly recommend that the general board be by law turned Into a general staff. There Is literally BO excuse whatever fur conthralag the present bureau organization of tho navy. Tbe navy sbonld be treated aa a purely millUiy organizatloB. and everything should be subordlaated-to tbe one object of securing military efficiency. A system of promotion by merit either by selection or by ex- clnsion or by both processes, shonid be Introduced. Nothing better for tbe navy fkora every standpotee has ever ocenrred' than the craise of the battle fleet around tbe world. The improvement of the ships in every way has been ex- tnordlnary. and they have gatoed far more experience In battle tactics than . tbey wonki have gained If they had stayed bi the Atlantk; wataca. I do not believe tbat there Is any otiisr servtee In the world In wfelch tha average of character and eOdaqey .la tbe enlisted men is as high aa li.aaw tbe case in our own. T hellara f^it^ aame statemeat can be mififkmhtim oiBcen, token as a w^gTmhim, mast be a feaerr^tr to thiMs la tfea fBPdtatfei tfea aarriea^ BBTsI Mhoonil; ^

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