The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 2, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, September 2, 1944
Page 1
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TUB WEATHER Temufrutiire lliKh yesterday Sr, Low today G,[ Kninfall Reason (Airport) T Year ago (Airport) Scnson (Land Company) Ye;ir ngn (Land f'ompanv) < I tain fa 11 figures ain for the f cal year beg inn ing July 1.) Forwa hi warmer Un|;*y and T T us- Buy a Bond It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1944 12 PAGES No. 29 f * Ships unk Toyko Reports Raids on Chici Jimi, Davao; Merchantmen Sunk By Associated Press Allied warships and carrier ancs hit Chichi Jima in the Bonin islands, the Tokyo radio reported today, in the first significant move in the Pacific theater in several days. The report, without Allied confirmation, said the warships shelled the island while 100 carrier-based planes carried out a bombing attack Friday. Iwo Jima also was attacked, (lie rt 1 .port said, by "100 and a score or more" planes. The Bonin raid broke a period of comparative quiet except for an attack on Davao by 40 B-24 Liberator bombers, reported by Tokyo radio. - The raiders hit the Mindanao base at mid-day yesterday. The report indicated some nervousness over General Douglas Mac Arthur's preparations for retaking the Philippines when it added that "enemy action against Davao bears watching." Jap Shipping Hi MacArthur's communique did not mention the raid, listing only limited aerial actions against Japanese shipping and land installations. A patrol plane of his command Bank or damaged four enemy merchant ships and destroyed or damaged 38 beached barges in the Ma- nado area of the' Dutuch Celebes. Other air patrols harassed enemy communications off Dutch New Guinea, bombed an airstrip on Timor and hit supply dumps and occupied villages at Wewak, New Guinea. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz' headquarters failed to issue either a com- munique or press release yesterday, the first such day since last August 19. Tugao Harbor Raided Liberator bombers of the United States Fourteenth Air Force destroyed or damaged a number of ships in an attack on Takao harbor in southwestern Formosa Thursday night, General Joseph W. Stilwell's Chungking headquarters announced. Bombers from the Fourteenth Air Force also hit Kaitak airdrome at Hong Kong and Tien Ho and White Cloud airdromes at Canton. Chinese Gain Small gains were reported by Chungking for Chinese troops battling against bitter resistance to win the Japanese stronghold of Terig- chung, north of the Burma Road. The Chinese occupied several fortified positions at Sungshan in an effort to clear enemy troops from this position controlling the Burma Road west of the Sal ween. Continued on Pago Two * Tribute Paid to Guam Men Mled_by Japs 51 NATIVES FORCED TO AID NIPPONESE, THEN BEHEADED By CHARLES AKNOT ami MAI 1 R. JOHNSON VONA VILLAGE, Guam. Aug. la. (Delayed.) (UP) —In this little native village on recaptured Guam more than 'JUOO Ohnmorru natives knelt, before, a small palm-thatched shrine today to pray for 51 native men who were decapitated by the .Japanese during the final stages of the Guam campaign. Father Oscar L. C'alvo, only remaining Catholic priest on the island, conducted brief but impressive set-vices while the victims' families wept silently. Forced to Labor A black-draped bier with four candles, and a rude wooden crucifix stood before the shrinu in honor of the beheaded natives, all of whom had been taken from this s-.nall community and forced to join a labor battalion to help the Japanese defenders. There can be no doubt, of the fate of the ill native, villagers, which stands as the greatest single atrocity of the Pacific war. 1, Charles Arnot, saw with my own eyes in an uncovered grave the headless bodies of 4IJ of those men. whom it has been officially established were forced to aid the enemy retreat along the east coast of Guam and then were executed apparently for fear they would reveal the main Japanese concentrations to the invading: United States troops. Grave Discovered I was taken to the jungle abba- toir by marine forces who had discovered the mass grave a few days earlier. We followed a fresh trail through dank, thick jungle to a spot far from the nearest road that made it appear as though some effort at concealment had been made. On the way we saw three decapitated corpses, one of th'em an old man with a stringy gray beard. An 18-inch lizard scuttled away as we approached him. Suddenly we came upon a horrifying, repulsive, stomach-turning sight that one would never want to see again. There in an open bomb crate*, with the heavy smell of death so thick we could taste it for hours afterward, were 4IJ headless bodies. Lower Civilian Food Supply Is Predicted WASHINGTON. Sept. L'. <U.P>— Lower civilian supplies of canned fruits and vegetables, poultry, lamb, better cuts of beef and dairy products are expected during the remainder of this year by the agriculture department, with butter consumption sinking to less than "at any time in over half a century." The department's monthly survey of the food situation said the cream supply also would be short, and milk about the same as during the last three "months of last year, but there would be plenty of eggs, lower grade beef, fresh fruit r nd fresh vegetables. War Goods Sale Deadlock Broken, Board Proposed WASHINGTON, Sept. 2. (^—Senate and House conferees wrote into surplus property disposal legislation today a provision placing responsibility for postwar sales of war goods under an administrator and a four- member policy board. By breaking this deadlock over the procedure for disposing of upwards of $100,000,000 of surpluses, the conferees saw prospects of a final agreement on the measure next week. The Senate surplus property bill placed administration in the hands v of an eight-member board. It thus collided head-on with House insistence on one-man control Controlling Authority "Until we could agree upon controlling authority," Senator Thomas (D-Utah) told reporters after a closed session, "It was impossible to proceed with other sections of the 77- page bill. "Until today, you might say, we have been on page one." Congressional conferees also sought to compromise sharp differences on the extent of aid for postwar unemployed to be embodied in demobili- zation and reconversion legislation. After their meeting: today, they reported "satisfactory progress" and scheduled another session Tuesday. As outlined by Senator Thomas and Chairman Manusco (D-Ala.), of the House conferee.", the surplus property compromise provides for setting up in the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion a surplus property board of four members. Administrator In addition, It provides for a presi- dentially appointed administrator of surplus property disposal. The board will determine all policies, but the administrator will be supreme in the execution of these policies so long as he adheres to the directives of Congress and the board. As a safeguard against any action that would interfere with either the -war or the overall conversion program, the directors of the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, provided for in the George demobilization bill before the other conference group, could override either the board or the administrator. Armed Forces Urge Development of Islands Mandated to Japs After Last War; Peacetime Citizen Army Part of Security Outline WASHINGTON. Sept. 2. d 5 )—Army-navy plans for Ihc use of force to preserve future peace, il was learned today, call for development of a string of American naval and air bases across the Pacific in the islands which Japan obtained under League of Nations' mandate 25 years ago and fortified lo start the present war. The highest authorities have recom- Custody of Red Deserters Withheld IMMIGRATION AUTHORITY RELEASES SEAMEN WANTED BY RUSSIA SAX FRANCISCO, Kept. L'. CUR) Russian seamen who deserted their ship at Seattle "probably would be sent to the battlefront" if they are returned to custody of the Soviet government, Vastly Demchenko, secretry of the Soviet consulate, said today. Demchenko said that Soviet Consul General Andrei E. Vassiliev and Vice-Consul Grigori P. Kas- parov interviewed the men in Seattle recently "but failed to gain custody of them," "These men were enlisted in the service of their country. Now they arc wartime deserters and they will he considered as such." (The Seattle Post-Intelligencer published an interview with two of seven seamen released by United States immigration authorities. The newspaper quoted them as saying they feared they would be executed if they were turned over to Soviet authorities and returned to Russia.) "There are laws for deserters in wartime." Demchenko said. "These hoys were aboard their ship, then they abandoned it," LA YANKS CAPTURE PISA ROME. Sept. 2. UP)— Amercian Fifth Army troops captured historic Pisa today and drove 4 miles father north to the Serchio river as the British Eighth Army broke the Nazis' vaunted Gothic Line on a 20-mile front and opened the gates to the Po valley, Allied headquarters announced. As the Germans pulled back to avoid encirclement after bitter early resistance to the Americans, an Allied spokesman declared it was only a matter of time before complete destruction of all German forces in Italy will be ncconiplished. t . S. IN GERMANY 13y United Prens The clandestine Atlantic Vadio, in an unconfirmed broadcast heard by United Press, said Friday that American troops had crossed the German frontier through the Moselle valley. The same station said that American tank spearheads were nearlng the Belgian fortresses of Anmur and Charleroi. EVACUATE GERMANS SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, AEF., Sept. 2. <UR)—The Germans began evacuating civilians from their Rhineland border tonight and and unofficial report said American armies had invaded Germany and Belgium and were storming in on the Nazis Siegfried line. The Nazi Transoceun News Agency announced the Rhineland evacuation shortly after 9 p. m. this evening (German time) Maying that all civilians were being removed from the "Maginot line" area of Alsace-Lorraine. FINNISH ORDER STOCKHOLM, Sept. 2. <U.R>— The Finnish government has decided to ask the Germans to withdraw from Finland within two weeks, it was learned tonight. mended to President Roosevelt, in plans basic to American proposals at the Dumbarton Oaks security conference, tbat these islands should be developed under United States control if more or less permanent peace is to be secured in the Pacific. The islands werj^,,jvjx',sted from the Japanese only this year. The plans are part of a broad picture of postwar preparations which also includes plans of the army, disclosed last night, for an eventual peacetime citizen army, organized around the smallest possible possible professional fighting force, professional fighting force. Laying down that objective General George C, Marshall, chief of staff, said in a directive to his postwar planners, however, that the present wartime-size army may he needed long after the Axis nations are defeated, to help establish peaceful conditions as agreed upon by the proposed world security organization. Marshall said that a large professional army "has no place among the institutions of a modern democratic state." The Dumbarton Oaks conferees faced a busy Labor Day week-end wilh sessions to run through the holidays. They are about two-thirds of the way 1 through their work, the Russian phase of the talks being scheduled for completion late next week. American and British representatives then will meet with the Chinese to complete the four-power talks. ITALY BATTLE HEARS FINISH BRITISH BREAK LINE; YANKS CROSS ARNO \ REPORTED BOMBED By United Frees The Japanese Domei news agency reported Yrorn Stockholm today that the headquarters of the United States Army forces in England was demolished by a recent robot bomb explosion. ROME, Sept. 2. wP> —British Eighth Army troops have, broken the Nazis' vaunted Gothic line In Italy along a 20-mile front, opening the gates to the Po valley, Allied headquarters announced today and a spokesman declared it wan only a matter of time before complete destruction of all German forces in Italy will be accomplished. The Gothic line operation is the next to the last phase in the Italian campaign. Tht? fortifications there represent the next to the last prepared German position of depth and importance in Italy. While the British troops broke through the bristling defenses near tho Adriatic to a depth of 4 mile*?, the American Fifth Army crossed the Arno river from Florence west to ihe sea. Nazis Reinforce Heavy fighting raged along the front as the Germans threw in reinforcements. Part of the spectacular American advances was accomplished by Negro troops of the Ninety-serond Infantry Division who smashed across the Arno In the face of heavy resistance and struck southeast to the slopes of the dominating Pisa no hill mass behind Pisu which has afforded the enemy excellent observation over the entire west coast sector. At the same time American troops of Japanese ancestry occupied the southwest slopes of the Pisa no mass. Brenner Pass Stand A dispatch from the front said German prisoners quoted Field Marshal KesselrJng as declaring that the Gothic line would be the last stand before the Brenner Pass, and that the line had to be held for three weeks. Both American and British forces along the Italian front were about 90 air miles away from the Po river, and about 220 miles from th'e Brenner Pass. A communique said Eighth Ar.ny Continued on Page Two on Russian Advance Puts Army Within 100 Miles of Yugoslavia Border LONDON, Sopt. 2. *UR) —Rs-idici Cairo reported today that Red army troops had crossed the Bulgarian frontier. MOSCOW, Scpl. 2. (U.E) Russian armored columns drove 70 miles or more beyond Bucharest today. Capturing or by-passing the railway center of Pitcsli'iu a fast- i ^ breaking advance that already has carried to within 100 miles of Yugoslavia. Other elements of Marshal ttodio Y. Mulinovsky's Second Ukrainian Army linked up with General Feodor 1. Tolhukhiirs Third Army to present a solid front touching the Bulgarian bonier at key points along u 150-mile stretch from the Danube river oil port of Giurgiu to the Black sen. Soviet and Rumanian representatives began discussions at Moscow today on armistice terms, and there were indications at Cairo today that the Allies may resume their peace talks with Bulgaria, which reportedly has formed a new cabinet friendlier to Russia than that of former Premier Ivan Bagrianov. Important developments were anticipated in Bulgaria as the two armies massed for their next move Himultaneouflly with the fall of the Ba^rianov government. Facing complete isolation from Germany. Bulgaria was expected to reach a momentous decision in the light of Russia's rejection of its declaration of neutrality. May Break With Germany (The reference to "important developments" and a "momentous decision" may mean that Bulgaria is contemplating a break in relations with and perhaps a declaration of war against Germany. Bulgarian armistice negotiations with the United States and Britain at Cairo lias been .suspended temporarily pending instructions from the new government in Sofia.) Malinovsky's westward advance from Bucharest past I'Hesil was disclosed in front dispatches and foreshadowed an early junction between his army and Marshal Tito's Partisan forces in Yugoslavia that would force a solid Allied front across southeastern Europe and cut off German occupation troops in Greece. Advance Along Kaihvay The advance presumably was made along 1 the Bucharest Budapest railway, which loops .southward from Continued on I'tiO Two BBEVIUC BELGIUM GERMANY "* - -'•»•• v ".'-"- •-•/•"•,'-'' * - - ' • ST. QUENTIN S*(*W fttiMS .LUXEMBOURG ^i j~ • MANNHEIM SAARBRUCKEN - - •. - - • H METZ STUTTGART (.-'•'-:-••'••:--.••-.•':••-- \.vn& • « OJUUNS Auxmc DIJON BERN BOURGCS POITIERS FRANCE SWITZERLAND «EUt VICHY* BOURG 2/GCNEVA LIMOGES LYON ITALY ST. ETIENNE • MILANO BRIVE •TURIN ' i * :•-•:•;• GENOA AGEN ALES i • i * • • ' F • - -, •'.V.V. .- i • r , - i i • • • .- • ' • -lib I, • ' - F ' * ' .' • • • • r r , . I F ALBI - - • • > * ' • 11* _ - •_ * ' ' » ' 1 « • - .•->.* '•;•>•. TOULOUSE • • - '• f * F • I * * * * I * • h • * *** V.' I - • . .' _*.* * I ' t 1 . ' • " • 1 I * • * ' *.» * ' - • m • ' • NARBOHHI ' ' i • • PERPIGNAN —-Callforn Ian-NBA Telephnto IMTEO STATES TANKS DELIVER FINAL FRANCE B1XW S— Nazi abandonment of the Pas do Calais area wrote finis to tho fight for Franco as (Jermany reported American troops had reached a point above Met/ only 11 miles from the. German border. Tho German radio also declared the Americans wore within - miles of tho Luxembourg border, while other Yanks hail perhaps already struck across into Belgium. NEW NAZI WEAPONS CRASH IN ENGLAND TWO PI LOT LESS BOMBERS RELEASED FROM CONTROL PLANE EXPLODE, DAMAGE SLIGHT By BRI LONDON, Sept. 2. <UR>— With their robot Bombing offensive all but whipped, the Germans switched tactics last night and struck back feebly with a new "secret weapon," u pilotless bomber packed with explosives and released from a control plane at a great distance. Two of the pick-a-back bombers crashed and exploded in southern England during the night, but the air ministry said they caused only slight damage and no casualties. Obsolete Bombers Few details on the projectiles were available, but they were believed to be obsolete Junkers-K8 bombers carrying 4000 to 8000 pounds of high explosives and launched from specially equipped Messerschmitt fighters. Military observers withheld judgment on the new weapon, but it was believed to be merely an improvisation forced on the Naxis by the capture and destruction of most of their robot bomb bases in northern France. With only remote robot cala- pults in llelglum and Holland left to them, the Hermans were be- I:E MINN licved pressing into service a fleet of obsolete bombing planes to be expended in "nuisance* raids" on Kngiand as an offset to the apparent collapse of the robot offensive. Not Radio-Controlled First reports indicated that the new projectiles were not radio- controlled, but simply released to glide in toward the general direction of the target area. Although obviously still in the experimental stage, the pilotless bombers were regarded as easy targets for British Night Fighters and antiaircract batteries, since the converted Junkers-88s have a relatively low flying speed. The pick-a-back bombers were unveiled by the Nazis during the early stages of the French invasion, when one was launched against a British sector of the Norman beachhead. The bomber crashed harmlessly into the channel. The appearance of the pilotless raiders over England came as the London area was enjoying a lull In the enemy's robot offensive, following the sweeping Allied advances aci'oss northern France. YANK TROOPS CONVERGE ON LYON f 55,000 NAZIS SOUTH INDUSTRIAL CITY REPORTED ALREADY IN HANDS OF MARQUIS; ROADS FILLED WITH FLEEING GERMANS Million Belgians Mobilized to Fight at Side of Allies KOA1K, Sept. L'. TR)— Four Allied columns, pursuing remnants of the iimn Nineteenth Army up llu> Rhone valley, convuwd ou Lyou today with one salient less than 40 miles from that industrial city reported already in the hands of French forces of the interior. The N;ui radio purl in 11 \ continued I he reports by siiying (it'riuaii troops had been ordered to put down a .Maquis revolt inside Kyon. There was no Allied ccm men t. Tho Allied columns up- LONDON*, Sept. I'. (UR)—A Belgian underground army nearly 1,000,000 strong was ordered Into action today as Allied armies approached or crossed the Belgian border and Naxi broadcasters acknowledged that Brussels may fall this week-end. "It may be that, tonight I have the honor for the last'time of speaking over Radio Brussels," a N»xl announcer said in a broadcast night from the Belgian capital. "The enemy IK approaching." National Colors The Belgian embassy and guveiMi- ment quarters in London were decorated In the national colors in anticipation of the Imminent liberation of the homeland, but a Belgian spokesman said he had no confirmation of reports that the Allies already had crossed the borders. Informants In London said the Belguim Maquis—organized members of the Belgian resistance move- merit—had been ordered to begin carrying out instructions relayed to them by underground newspapers from General Dwlght IX Eisenhower's supreme headquarters for western Europe. A member of the resistance movement who arrived recently in Itrilam from his homeland said regular army forces composed the backbone of the underground force. "The Belgian army numbered about 1,000.0011 men when it was disbanded by the f.lermans and. with the exception of about To.oon who an* now doing forced labor in Oermany. practically every member is in tho resistance movement." he said. Military .Mission The Belgian exile government has announced that it will send a military mission, including ;i civil affairs branch and military police, into Belgium with the liberating armies. It is headed by Lieutenant-general Van Strydonck DC Burkel. in.sepctor general of the Belgian urmed forces. Tho Nazi announcer on radio Brussels, in conceding that he was talking at that microphone for the last lime, appealed to the population to remain calm. "We Germans always will remain correct—we shall never rob nor pillage you,' he solemnly assured his listeners. "We shall not harm anybody. Do not show any hatred against us or against those In your country who worked for us." Lyon were spread along: a 70-niile front, 150 miles or more from the Mediterranean bear bos, where they landed 17 days ago. Scattered rains somewhat hampered the lightning drives, although they gave the veteran American divisions of (."nited States Sixth Corps their first opportunity to reorganize after I he August whirlwind war of movement. 55,000 Nazis Captured A rommunique announced that in the less than three weeks of fighting, more than 55,000 (Jermuiis had been captured, with approximately ;jr>,000 of them taken at Marseilles and Toulon. As the. two American columns and a similar number of French forces neared Lyon, headquarters reported that roads leading north and northeast of the city were filled with fleeing German forces apparently trying to avoid (being trapped. t'mted Press Correspondent Dana Adams Schmidt reported from K. K. I. headquarters at Grenoble that well-equipped Maquis forces were supporting American troops in the fighting south and east of Lyon. Try to Hold Roads v +-\ The Germans, Schmidt said, apparently were attempting to hold roads leading from Lyon to Grenoble, as well as tuirthoujttward through the Continue!] on Pag« Two L Army Troops Enter Belgium as Nazis Open Low Countries Floodgates NEW YORK, Sept. 2. (4>— Al- Ited tanks crossed the German border this afternoon, &aid Radio Atlantic, clandestine transmitter, in a broadcast heard by National Broadcasting Company. trap on Qfir- coast. Allied miles of the i LONDON, Sept. 2. Allied forces piled up the pressure on Germany at a terrific rate today as American men and steel beat toward F Germany from Verdun in artillery range of the Reich in h **-* an attack which the enemy said had reached near Thionville, only 11 miles from the Hoicb's froiitier with Frauce. A (lush to Thionville would carry the United States Third Army virtually through the old Maginot line, and within little more than 20 miles of the Snnr river outposts of the Siegfried fortress chain. The town is on the Moselle's west bank 17 miles above Metz. The German radio ^so declared the Americans were within 2 miles of (be Luxembourg' border. Allied front dispatches • said only that General George 3., Pattern'* troops were "well beyond" Verdun. To the northwest, othet 1 Americans had perhaps already struck across into Belgium. Flood gates ,in the low countries were opened by Germans still in full-tilt retreat out of France. 11)17 Battleground Falls British troops captured Vimy Riilffe. battleground of 1917, and moved on Douai and Dunkerque. Canadians reached the Somme near Abbeville, springing a mans still along the units were within 2 great Atlantic port of Le Havre. The Americans were pushing toward the Moselle river, 35 miles east of Verdun and about 20 miles from the German border, and were racing the Germans to the Siegfried line hoping to reach it before the routed German forces in France ean man the fortifications in strength. To the north and west American First Army and British Second Army troops were moving up within 20 miles of Belgium at key point* along a 100-mile front and probably had reconnaissance units already across the Belgian border. The British in their new drive toward Flanders captured Vimy Ridge, the bloody battleground of the first world war, and were within 20 miles of Armentleres on the French side of the Belgian border. In the last hope of a delaying defense the Germans opened flood gates in the low countries and apparently were preparing for a large- scale withdrawal from Belgium and perhaps much of Holland. A Nazi commentator gave his farewell broadcast last night on the Brussels radio—a strange mixture of threats and pleading. Today the Luxembourg station, too, was silent and theie were unconfirmed reports that the Nazis had evacuated Nancy. Tho last of the Nazi Fifteenth b Army, the guardian force of the rocket bomb coast, was in open and outright flight from the Pas-de- ralnis coast, abandoning sites of known and yet unknown weapons of vengeance to which Hitler turned when hop** "I" victory failed. Twenty-five miles to tho north- Ciwitnuoii MM Page Two Index lo Advertisers Page A brains. 1 >r. II. F. Ii Arvin Lines 2 Arvin Tlu'uu-r fj Auto Repairing 9 Bjisi*\ rount Dan ce «* —I . 6 Booth's ... Brock's . Busy Boe Citi/ens .Laundry. Clawson Co., L. H Culliton, John \Y 8 6 * 4 * •• * » • * * t r^; * ^-' »- --»»-- -•*-•* --*«V>«B>F>'«*««Kl***««(BffC Ouruian's Photo ................... .......... 5 KI Patio Pavilion ..................... ...... 6 Kirst Southern Baptist Church.. 5 11 Fox Theaters French Villae v t t I • Full (. i a abernacle Jan »** » " -• Granada Theater ...................... ...... 6 Ivers Furniture .......................... „„ S KEUN .............................................. 8 Kern Materials Co La Granada Ballroom.. Urn. T. Phillips Music Co Rialto Theater River Theater The Barn The Veteran and Labor Union Avenue Dance... Union Cemetery T Virginia Theater Weill's 2 6 8 * F * ft ft e * *•**•*• •******»«*•* >** T. lift e •n f •/w -ft

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