RAROLD J- BURT03 AKoar/ss ASSISTANT iattlASA STATS LI3R6 IS?* ENTERED AS SECOND CLASS MATTER OCTOBER 4, 1895 AT POST OFFICE AT TIPTON, INDIANA IVOLUME 69, NUMBER 159 TIPTON (INDIANA) DAILY TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7, 1965 7 CENTS PER COPY — 35 CENTS PER WEEK By EUGENE J. CADOU United Press International INDIANAPOLIS (UPO—Dem ocratic Sen. John Pastore of Rhode Island, who was the outstanding speaker at the Democratic national convention, will invade Indiana Saturday. He and Republican* Gov. Robert Smylie of Idaho will be the headliners at the Indianapolis Press Club"s gridiron dinner. ' Pastore is a graphic illustration of the unfair prejudices of politics, inasmuch as two factors appear to have blocked his national advancement. They are his shortness of stature and the fact that he represents the smallest state in the union. Politics ^seems to call for a tall character with grey ing locks and a resonant voice who hails from a state with quite a few electoral votes. Smylie Handicapped 1 Idaho's handful of electoral voles" likewise handicaps, Smylie. who has remained in office despite Democratic! waves and who acquired na-] tional stature as a liberal demanding the ouster of GOP National Chairman Dean Burch. Nevertheless, those attending the gridiron show are sure to be well entertained by these two, able political leaders who apparently are symied nationally. However, it should be recalled that Lyndon B. Johnson and William Miller represented the Democrats and the Republicans al an Indianapolis Press Club gridiron show not too many months before the national spotlight was turned on them. Hoosier ppliticos galore will ittend the party and will be grilled by Rabbi Maurice Davis of the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation, roastmaster. They include Reps. Charles A. Halleck, William G. Bray, Richard Roudebush, Andrew- Jacobs, Jr., and Lee H. Hamilton. Sen, Birch E. Bayh, Jr., Governor Branigin and former Govs. Matthew E. Welsh and Harold W. Handley. Political Playgrounds The press club girdiron dinners and the annual meeting of the Indiana Society of Chicago are playgrounds for the Hoosier politicos. They are the scenes of wheeling and dealing and keyhole listening for the great and the near great. They are held in Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, South Bend and Evansville. The Fort Wayne show on March 28 drew such celebrities as Democratic Sen. Edmund Muskie of Maine and Republican Sen. James B. Pearson of Kansas, former Sen. .Homer E. Capehart, former Gov. Henry F. Schricker, House Speaker Richard Bodine,; Secretary of. 'State John Bottorff, Halleck, Rep. E. Ross Adair and others who were roasted skillfully by former South Bend Mayor John A. Scott, now publisher of the Lafayette Journal & Courier. The politicos likewise will assemble again when the South Bend Press Club stages its gridiron on April 26. They'll be there to see and be seen and to hear and be heard. HIGH AND LOW . NEW YORK (UPI)—The lowest temperature reported this morning to thte U. S. Weather Bureau, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, was 19 degrees at. Millinocket, Maine. The highest re. ported Tuesday was 91 at Ocala, Fla. 8 n rf? DAYS ' LEFT Jury Indicts Klansmen In Rights Slaying By ANTHONY HEFFERNAN United Press International BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (UPI)— Three of the four Ku Klux Klansmen arrested in the death of Mrs. Viola Gregg Liuzzo, a white civil rights worker trom Detroit, were indicted today by a federal grand jury. The grand jury indicted the trio on a charge of conspiracy to violate the 'civil rights of Mrs. Liuzzo, mother of five children. She was gunned down March 25 by nightriders on a desolate stretch of highway between Selma and Montgomery, Ala. J .Afaximum punishment under the civil rights statute is a fine of S5.000 and 10 year imprisonment, or both. Operated Shuttle Service Mrs. Liuzzo, the first white woman killed in the civil rights movement, was slain while operating a shuttle service between Selma and Montgomery for demonstrators who participated in the historic March 25 demonstration in the Alabama capital. With her was a 19-year-oid Negro barber, the only other person in the car at the time. The three Klansmen were rearrested in Birmingham after the indictments were returned in Montgomery, the state capital. ! U.S. Chief Marshal Roy Call I said the Klan trio surrendered | this morning and faced a preliminary hearing before Commissioner Louise Charlton later today. The three Klansmen were identified by the U.S. marshal's office as Collie Leroy Wilkins, 21, of Fairfield] Eugene Thomas, 42, Fairfield, and William Eaton, 41, of Bessemer. A fourth Klansman, Gary Tommy Rowe Jr., 34, also was arrested and charged March 25, the day after the slaying, but he was not indicted by the grand jury. The sealed indictments were handed down by the jury Tuesday. The four men had jbeen free on $50,000 bond .apiece. They were being" represented by Matt H. Murphy, the Ku Klux Klan's attorneyj Face State Charge State officials said they would seek to prosecute 'the case in Alabama courts where suspects could be charged with murder and possibly face the death penalty. There is no federal murder charge. The slaying took place in Lowndes County, about midway between Selma and Montgomery. A county grand jury is scheduled to take up the case April 19. At Camden, Negroes said' another demonstration probably would be staged today in the Wilcox County town. A number (Continued on page 6) WEST THEY'LL DO A SPACE "HITCH-UP"—Astronauts Walter M ScMrra. 42. and (right) Thomas P. Stafford. 34. look pleased in Houston. Tex., on announcement that they will be the first to attempt to link a-capsule to a rocket in orbit. It will be benuni-6. a hltch-up with an Agena rocket launched separately, sometime after next Jan 1. President To Define Policy In Viet Nam By STEWART HENSLEY United Press International WASHINGTON (UPI)—President Johnson goes before the nation—and the world — tonight to define the policy of the United States in Viet Nam and in all Southeast Asia. The Chief Executive was to deliver a major policy address at 9 p.m. EST to the students and faculty of the Johns Hopkins University in nearby Baltimore. His speech was to be carried to the nation by radio and television and ' beamed abroad by Voice of America transmitters. Johnson was expected to underline the peaceful and positive aspects of long-range U.S. policy for Southeast Asia, including American support for regional aid programs once peace is restored to the war- torn region. Clarify Terms Diplomats expressed the hope that in the process the 'President would clarify his terms for beginning peace talks on Viet Nam Neutralist and Allied nations alike complain that, up to now, the U.S. conditions have been couched in such general terms they offer no idea of how to begin negotiations. Johnson conferred Tuesday with Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara, Acting Secretary of State George W. Ball and McGeorge Bundy, special assistant on national security. The Baltimore speech w a s among the principal topics of their agenda. j The President's task is delicate. If he ; desires to indicate in more details U.S. terms for J talking peace, he must do Mt without raising any doubt in | (Continued on Page 6) . Local Teacher Gets Scholarship To California U. Kenneth Shoup Kenneth L. Shoup, head of the Tipton High School Science Department, has been awarded a six-week National Science scholarship to the University of California in Berkley, California. The institute is designed for teachers who desire training in the radiation aspects of biology. The program will furnish Shoup with a thorough understanding of the potential of nuclear energy and radio-istoypes and their relationship to the life sciences. The laboratory techniques, equipment and criteria for the safe instructional uses of radiation in science. A scaler, Geiger counter and other instruments are-furnished by the Atomic Energy Commission to be used in the Tipton High School Science Department. On completion of the institute, the instrumentation kit is assigned to the teacher for use in his school. In addition, iso- tapes for laboratory experiments are furnished by the AEC (Continued on page 6) 'Early Bird' Is Blazing Trail In Orbit Today WASHINGTON (UPI)—Early Bird, the stockholder's satellite, was in orbit today blazing a trail for the first commercial satellite communications system in history. The 85-pound celestial switchboard for television, telephone and data traffic, was launched from Cape Kennedy at 6:47 p.m. EST Tuesday by the Communications Satellite Corp. (COMSAT) using a paid -.for space agency Delta rocket. 6 --' "' First reports indicated - that the "drum - shaped moon ;: was "slightly below", its planned orbit. But officials were "delighted" with the initial telemetry information. The last orbit projected for Early Bird before launch-time had it rotating the earth in about 11 hours and 22 minutes. Its apogee, or high point, was planned at approximately 23, COO statute miles. Its low point at about 890 statute miles. Officials said, however, that definite figures on the orbit would not be available until later today. While scientists traced Early Bird's position in space. Wall Street kept its eye on the big board to see how Comsat stock would react. When the market would react. When the market closed Tuesday, several hours before the blastoff, .Comsat was quoted at GO 5/8, a gain of 3/8 from its early morning opening quotation. Despite the initial success, Early Bird faces another test. If officials are able to hold to their plan, the satellite's apogee motor will "kick it" into a new orbit about 40 -hours after launch. Its new position will put it in (Continued on Page i) British Government $1.1 Billion In Black; U.S. Deficit Mounts (EDITOR'S NOTE: The United States is said to be the richest country in the world. Why then does President Johnson's budget show a deficit while the new British budget does not? In this dispatch, UPI correspondent John Pierson compares the two.) Oa At MMboat ttr tints nM tgfa HfuObk. By JOHN PIERSON United Press International WASHINGTON (UII) —John Bull in the black; Uncle Sam in the red — why the difference? ' James Callaghan, Britain's chancellor of the Exchequer, Tuesday unveiled, the Labor government's budget for 1S65- 66. It showed that revenues would exceed spending by $1.1 billion. Two months ago, President Johnsom sent Congress a budget with a $5.3 billion deficit attached. Side by. side the British and U. S. money, programs look like this: British U.S. Revenues $24.8 bil. $94.4 bit.' Expenditures $33.7 bill $99iT bil: Surplus ; S 1.1 bil. Deficit - ; .... $ 5.3 bil. The reason why ! London is in surplus while Washington is ,in deficit can be summed up this way: Balance of payments deficit and unemployment. Both countries have the first. The United States alone has the second. ' • • A major cause of the'outflow of pounds sterling has been the fact that the British have been buying a good deal more overseas: than they have been selling there. In 1964, their trade deficit was'; $1.5 million. This is inj marked contrast to the United States, whose "exports exceeded*- imports last year by $6.6 billion, although this plus "Was more than offset by the minus of U.S.. investments abroad, foreign- aid and tourist outlays. • At the same time,, the British economy has been chumming along at nearly full tilt. Consumers, businessmen and the government have all: been buying; goods • is- fast/ as British industry can turn them out. The Labor government rea soned that if it could reduce the demand for goods at home, then British industry could turn its eyes overseas and increase exports. Reducing consumer demand is what's behind the increased taxes on cigarettes, liquor, cars and other "non-essentials" announced by Callaghan Tuesday. And by cancelling the TSR2 airplane project, the government is cutting its own claims on the British economy by an estimated $350 million over the next five years. The British government is able to clamp down on its spending and that of consumers only because the British economy is doing so well. Figured the U.S. way, unemployment in Great Britain is now down to about 3 per cdnt. In the United States this would he hailed as "full employment." The U.S. situation is quite different. While the U.S. government was faced with a $3 billion balance of payments deff- icit at the end of 1964 (Britain's was $2 billion), it also bad to think about a jobless rate of 5 per cent. With nearly 4 million men out of work, it was unthinkable that the United States should run a budget surplus .for the balance- of-paynients or any other reason. So while Callaghan is increasing taxes on many consumer items in order to take money out of the British spending stream, Johnson has asked Congress to cut excise taxes by $1.7 billion in order to pump money into the U.S. economy. Johnson hopes this will keep the current expansion going and maybe even cut a couple of points off the unemployment rate. Instead of using deflation, the President is" attacking the balance of payments deficit by persuading bankers and businessmen to reduce their foreign loans and bring home some of the dollars they've been keeping overseas. The British government is also. trying to stem its capital outflow, but by doing away with some of the tax benefits of overseas'-investment. > Navy Planes Rain Bombs on N. Viet Nam By MICHAEL T. MALLOY United Press International SAIGON (UPI) — Fifth U.S.. Navy planes today rained. 20 tons of rockets and napalm fire bombs on military highway traffic in North Viet Nam. Other • American planes attacked Communist targets in South Viet Nam. The air war was intensified as U.o. military. advisers counted 276 Viet Cong dead in a bitter battle 130 miles southwest of Saigon—the biggest victory of the year for -""'"rnrr'n' forces. Six Americans were killed in the uuec uays o. fighting. While the Navy pianos struck a 100-mile section of highway in the Communist -north, 20 U.S. Air Force Supersabre jets pounded a suspected Viet Cong concentration just west of the American air base.at Da Nang. An Air Force spokesman said two big secondary explosions indicated the jet bombers had hit a stockpile of Communist ammunition. In other action in South Viet Nam. three Vietnamese soldiers were killed today when an armored military train struck a Communist land mine "15 miles north of Da Nang. Six Vietnamese soldiers and a civilian were wounded. Today's raid on the Communist North was directed from !he decks of the aircraft carriers Coral Sea in the South China Sea. Fighter bomber pilots were give no specific targets. They simply swooped low over the strategic highway and opener! fire on targets as they found them. The highway runs from !he North Vietnamese city of Vinh to the border with South Viet Nam. Seven military trucks were destroyed and several others were damaged, a Navy spokesman said. ] All of. the planes returned safely to the Coral Sea and pilots said they encountered only light anti-aircraft fire. No enemy aerial opposition was encountered. • i The fighting in South Viet Nam was a bitter three - day battle in the swamps of Chuong Thien Province in the southernmost area of the Vietnamese (Continued on page 6) Fire Blank Shells Over Community Protesting Talks R. D. Leatherman Dies Tuesday in Tipton Hospital "Ralph D. Leatherman By JOSEPH B. FLEMING United Press International BERLIN (UPI) — Soviet jet fighter planes fired blank cannon shells over West Berlin today to protest the. meeting here of the West German par- 'iament. Some zoomed so low over the city that pedestrians ducked. The Communists called the. meeting—the first in Berlin in i seven years—a grave pro'.wa- I lion. They responded by blockk- I in? the highway to Berlin, by l Bringing up Iwo armored divi- ! sions and by terrifying the city I .vilh the low-flying, cannon-fir- i wg jets. The Bundestag convened cn schedule at 3 p.m. (.9 a.m. EST I in th2 American - built Congress Hall to reaffirm Bonn's claim that West Berlin is part of West Germany. Soviet denials of this right sharply increased international tension. Miss Buzz Hall j But as speaker Eugen Ger| <k'iimai?r opened the session a 223 | fast-flying M:g buzzed the hall, for Four oth .TS in formation made Ralph D. Leatherman, West Washington Street, years a prominent Tipton busi-j divc UCIllb passes at the hall. nessman and civic' leader.-sue- i 3 . oing as }™ as 300 f ? et ' Fr ? m ,..„... ,., . , men on the Russian jets had a cumbed in Tipton-Community ; .j„![ j rlospital at 4:10 p.m. Tuesday: They net only buzzed the Con- after an illness of only three:-'ress Hall but ranged far and wide over l he city. They si.i:n:r.t-d so low that motorists ducked in their automobiles jnd p."d?strian.; shied in terror. At tiuirs the jels appeared to '.J<! hcad'ti;! for uprn wimluws. At the 2orr.h-j.mer Strasse crossing point on the easXvcst sail after 7 p.m. today at the i border or the p rench sec tor. four Soviet jots roared into Mr. Leatherman was born in West Berlin and let go air vol- Vew Briton, Hamilton County,; leys with blank shells. They '.he son of George A and Geneva I pointed their cannon at West (Cropper) Leatherman. He had! Berlin as they fired, resided in Tipton and Hamilton West Berlin police said the Counties for the last 64 years. He was married July 28, 1909, Jays and hospitalization of less ] Shan a day. Services will be held, it 2 p.m. Friday from the Lea-, herman-Morris Funeral Home with Rev. Nerval Lyon officiating :-n;I burial will be in ;Fair-view Cemetery. Friends may Tier 7 p iuneral home. WEATHER Fair and a little cooler today. Fair and cool tonight. Thursday partly cloudy and mild. High today mid 60s. Low tonight low 40s. High Thursday near 70.' P. Daum. He was a member of 'he West Street Christian Church, the Tipton Kiwa.nis Club, ,and. a former Kiwanis Lieutenant Governor, a 50-year mcm'ier of Austin Lodge 123, F. & A. M.. Tipton Chapter 111 R. A.31., Tipton Council 80. R. & S.' M., Tipton Commandery 52. K. T., Scottish Rite of Indianapolis. Murat Temple of Indianapolis and Rosary Chapter 66, O. E. S. He had graduated from Cicero High School and'Marion Business College and was the roi'.red operator of the First National Insurance Agency cf Tipton. Surviving are the wife, a daughter, Mrs : ; Malvcn E (Joan) Walker of Indianapolis and two granddaughters jets "fired bursts" hut Western Allied oflicials said they were in Tipton, to the former Madge j D i an ks. Fly Dangerous Pattern Other jets were reported flying dangerously in the air corridors, imperilling Western planes. rhe Soviet activities touched aif a series of formal Western Allied protests. The Russian jets roared over H'est Berlin at rooftop level. In the first hour of the parliament session 10 jets maJe passes at the Congress Hall. . The Hussians and East Germans put on an air and ground display of strength not only to demonstrate their anger but to show Berlin's vulnerability. The former German capital is 110 miles - inside Communist East Germany- and the Russians made tiiis quite clear. Willi tanks standing by the Russians halted all traffic to Berlin — Allied military and German civilian — for three hours in the third consecutive day of blockading. They sent jets zooming dangerously close to Western Allied aircraft in I he . air corridors and rocked Berlin with sonic booms. Show of Strength In a show of strength they '•rought up one Russian division and one East German armored division of 400 tanks. 500 armored cars and 3.000 wheeled .ehicles and lined them along •he 110-mile Berlin - Helmstedt highway. The West at this point could inly protest through diplomatic channels. The United States. Britain and France handed stiff notes (Continued on Prnf 6) SPACE "WORK" CAPSULE—The drawing shows operation of a self-propelled work capsule to carry an astronaut and his life support system outside.the spacecraft for exploration and repair tasks. It is proposed by two Chrysler aerospace scientists. The capsule. 97 inches high and 36 in diameter. 1 would become pressurized only In event of failure of the life' - support system of the astronaut's space suit. Cars Collide East of Tipton A two-car smashup occurred just ea'st of the city Tuesday night as a youth pulled from a garage driveway into the path of a west bound auto. Daniel R. Olvey, 16, 327 S. Main St., told Sheriff's officers he was pulling out of the drive at the Overdorf Garage and did not see a vehicle being driven by Levi Furst, 65. RR 3, Delphi. Furst told the officers that the other driver pulled out right, in front^ of him' and-he could not avoid the collision. Damage was estimated at $150 to both vehicles. NelthW driver reported any injuries.
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