Friday, September 1, 1944 € tutorial $age of Pafeersifielb California!! ALFRED 11 A R n E L L KD110B AND PUBLISHES Entered In post office st Bakernfleld. Californln. n* second class mall un-ier the act of Congrefta March 3, 1S7:». MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled tn the usr 'or [•ut>li>-a- llon of all news dispatches credited lo it or not other"')**' tieilitcd in this paper, and also the local news pubjlxhei) therein Th« Bakerefleld Callfornlan is also a clli-m of the United 1'iess and receives It* complete wire service REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York. Chlcairo, San Francisco, T.ny AnpfirF Seattle. Portland. Denver TVASHINOTON. D. C.. Bt'rtKAT' The Haskln Service. \Vashlnslnn. I) f By carrier or mall (in advance) in postal ir,rrr r.t.r, iwn. three. per month. 85c: six months, $».lfl: one yenr, $'.< 'HI I-ty mail in postal zones four to eight, per- month, $1 <ij. ENGLAND AT WAR T HIS week England starts lirr sixth year of war against Germany. Great Britain declared war on Germany in keeping her pledge to Poland, invaded Ity Hitler. In England there* are 1.1,000,000 persons and every one of these persons has had five years of war. During the early days of the war and now, the civilians in England have suffered as much as the troops and at times the civilian casualties have been heavier than those of the armies and navies. England reports that 211000,000 of her population are directly in the war, either making munitions or with the armed services. There are 4,500,000 Englishmen and women in uniform, something less than half the number we have in the war. With Britain the fight has been one of survival. Without the aid of the United States, Great Britain and her empire might have been defeated, though there was no sign of faltering in the English even during the dark days which came when they were driven into the sea at Dunkirk. For flve years England has been in a dark- out at night, five years of gloom with death riding the nocturnal hours and no man, woman, or child safe from the blast of bombs and the flight of their dispersed steel fragments. As a matter of horrible fact, between September of 1939 and this month o~f 1944 more than 12G,0<)0 British civilians were killed or severely injured by Nazi bombs. Of this number 13,700 were little children. In England almost 3,000,000 homes have been destroyed and some 500 churches. Food and clothing have been rationed with Spartan severity in England to save shipping space in ships, space needed for American lend-lease materials. Residents Of Kern county will appreciate another British hardship, too, when they realize that in English homes no one is permitted a temperature in winter above 60 degrees. Even soap is rationed and water for bathing. Now in the sixth year of the war England, with its jaw still set as firmly as ever, is losing 17,000 homes a month from the robot bombs as the Allied armies drive the Nazis back into the boundaries of Germany itself. 1918-1944 near rout of the German armies desperately driven by the iron cavalry of the American armies should not be compared to the linear front of 1918, with its almost four years of stalemated battle lines. In that first World War the Germans had almost reached Paris. Their wa"r of movement ended when they tied Allied forces to the earth by introducing unprecedented number of machine- guns with their infantry. The two armies went into muddy trenches for the duration. It is axiomatic in warfare that every innovation brings with it a defense. The Allies finally broke up the stalemate through the use of tanks, now being employed with such effect by General Patton. Use of tanks ended trench warfare after widespread use of machineguns had made trench warfare imperative if any soldiers were to survive. Now the German army is in near rout. It is retreating with rearguard actions, stubborn fighting as yet, though without demoralization. Any comparison of the fronts of today, fluid and rapidly changing, with the stubborn linear trench warfare of 191X is invidious to old soldiers, for the conditions are almost entirely different. The big thing is not the business of drawing analogies but in pointing out that (lie German army has been and is being terribly beaten. Our tanks are now being employed with the brilliance of civil war cavalry and with a speed impossible for horse-mounted troops. EISENHOWER ON GERMANY -\ A JY prospective leader of a civilian or military revolt in Germany finds himself with a revolver at his head, according to General Dwight D. Eisenhower in a conversation with James Forrestal, secretary of the navy, and reported by Mr. Forrestal. The Navy Secretary had asked the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied forces in Europe if he could make any appraisal of the war and predict its termination. •General Eisenhower said he is convinced there can.be no civilian collapse in Germany this time until the German army has been completely defeated. In accord with this conclusion will be most observers, for all ablebodicd Germans arc now in the army or rigidly regimented manufacturing munitions as slave labor. The defeat of the German army means the defeat of Germany, but any optimist expecting the civilian population to arise is only deceiving himself, according to the com- j mander. I Mr. Eorreslal quoted General Eisenhower as having said: Looking at Germany's record "by normal standards," her people should be ready "lo roll over now" but unfortunately any leader of "a prospective revolt finds a revolver at his head." The Secretary of the Navy spoke enthusiastically of the success of the armies of General Eisenhower. These successes have been apparent to everyone, including the German high command, and probably one of the few persons not so impressed is Hitler, who is still trying to maintain the illusion of his infallibility. General Eisenhower indicated in his talk that the German army now withdrawing into the Reich is still not defeated and when it stops and determines to make a stand will become formidable again and a more elli- cient lighting force when its fronts arc shortened to the boundaries of the Reich. GERMANS LOSE OIL C AI-TI m; of the Ploesti oil fields by the Russians is believed to have deprived the Germans of one-third of their oil supply. The Soviets made their drive on the field with speed and great pressure, hoping to prevent the retreating enemy from doing maximum destruction to the oil supply which is us valuable lo the Russians as to the Germans, for the Russians have maintained a large air corps since the beginning of the war. Despite the speed, however, with which the Russians took over the rich oil zone, the Germans had time to do great damage. Rumanian oil workers aided the Russians in putting out the great blazes which the Germans left when they fled the area. American air corps men electrified the world months ago when they made the preliminary bombardments of the Ploesti fields with heavy bombers. Since then numerous raids have been made on the field and it has been bombed lime and again by our air force. Capture of the fields by the Russians is a blow of stunning force against the Reich, for while the Nazi armies are withdrawing into Germany, nevertheless their armies move on gasoline and a modern war without gasoline would be tantamount to a war attempted without ammunition. Success of Soviet arms in Rumania has changed the whole strategic picture on the Eastern front, for with this success more than five Germans divisions have been cut of!' from the main German" army. These divisions arc in Greece and the Aegean islands and they might as well be on the moon for any good they can do Germany now with the weight of the mighty Soviet army in the South between them, and the Reid.. JAPANESE PRISON CAMPS T intoi on the investigation of the International Red Cross, made by Swiss representatives, a more adequate picture of at least a few of the Japanese prison camps where Americans are held has become available. The camps investigated were in the Eukuoka group on the main Japanese island of Honshu. There were 33 one-story wooden buildings with glass windows and equipped with electric lights. Each building was heated with a charcoal brazier in winter. During the summer mosquito nettings were furnished. Regular cooks prepared the food, which was adequate in caloric content but lacking in proteins, particularly from the standpoint of American diet. Eood furnished consisted of rice, bread, vegetables, fruits, a small amount of meat and fish, some margarine, sugar, salt, and green tea. Eggs and milk were given only to hospital patients. The men were allowed to play football, baseball, tennis, quoits, and indoor games. There were also small canteens and canned salmon, fruit, curry powder and toilet articles could be purchased. Japanese army underwear and shoes were furnished. The sanitation was adequate and good drinking water furnished and hot baths were available. A Japanese army surgeon was in charge of the hospital and a dentist and medical corpsmen were available among the prisoners. The average weight of the prisoners was given as 143 pounds. Officers could work or not, as they wished, but enlisted men were required to do kitchen work and serve as general handymen and keep the camp clean. It was reported that the quality of the food had deteriorated during the last year, though it was better than the civilian average in Japan. ERNIE PYLE IN PARIS (By Wireless)—As we drove toward Paris from the south, hundreds of Parisians—refugees and returning vacationists—rode homeward on bicycles amidst the tanks and big guns. Some Frenchmen have the facility for making all of us nervous Nellies look ridiculous. There should be a nonchalant Frenchman in every war movie. He wouil be a sort of French Charlie Chaplin. You would have tense soldiers crouching in ditches and firing from behind low walls. And in the middle of it you would have, this Frenchman, in faded blue overalls and beret and with a nearly burned-up clgaret in his mouth, come striding down the middle of the road past the soldiers. I've seen that very thing happen about four times since D-day, and you never can see it without laughing. Well, the crowds were out In Paris like that while the shooting was still going on. People-on bicycles would stop with one foot on the pavement to watch the firing that was going on right in that block. As the French second armored division rolled into the city at dangerous speed, I noticed one tank commander, with goggles, smoking a cigar, and another soldier in a truck playing a flute for his own amusement. There also were a good many pet dogs riding into the battle on top of tanks and trucks. Amidst this fantastic Parisward battle traffic were people pushing baby carriages full of belongings, walking with suitcases, and riding bicycles so heavily loaded with gear that if they were to lay them down they had to have help to lift them upright. And in the midst of it was a tandem bicycle ridden by a man and a beautiful woman, both In bright blue shorts, just as though they were holidaying—which undoubtedly they climbed up to kiss men with grimy faces. And early the second morning we saw a girl climbing sleepily out of a tank turret. French soldiers of the armored division were all in American uniforms and they had American equipment. Consequently most people at first thought we few Americans were French. Then, puzzled, they would say, "English?" and we would say. "No, American." And then we would get a little scream and a couple more kisses. Every place you stopped somebody in the crowd could speak English. They apologized for not inviting us to their homes for a drink, saying thev didn't have any. Time and again they would say. "We've waited so long for you!" It almost got to be a refrain. One elderly gentleman said that although we were long in reaching France we had come swiftly since then. He said the people hadn't expected us to be in Paris for six months after invasion day. There are not many American soldiers in Paris. And it's unlikely there will be, at least for some time, because they are out over France going on with the war. Paris was not a military objective; its liberation so soon was more of n symbol. That's the reason the French armored division was assigned to the job. From tKe Files of The Californian TEX YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1934) Headlines: 850,000 Workers Strike Tonight; Textile Men Joined by Silk, Rfiyon and Woolen Operators. E. F. Moss was elected chairman of Fairfax Farmers Grange last night. Albert A. Lowell will issue the invitation Cor the letter carriers convention here in 1936 at Riverside, September 1. Officer Fiekert today arrested a man suspected of committing robbery in Stockton. Kern authorities today are seeking burglars "who stole four piano accordions from Phillips Music Company last night. Harold Lloyd will be seen in the comedy "The Cat's Paw," at Fox theater beginning tomorrow. In some sections of Kern county grape leaf hoppers fire rapidly building up in population causing severe damage, according to N. D. Hudson, assistant farm adviser. You never saw so many bicycles In your lite as in Paris. And they rig up the funniest contraptions on them, such as little two-wheeled carts which they tow behind. And we saw a wagon rigged up so it could be pulled by two bicyclists riding side by side, like a team of horses. For -4 hours tanks were parked on the sidewalks all over downtown Paris. They were all manned by French soldiers, and each tank immediately became a sort of social center. Kid; wore all over the tanks like flies. Women in white dresses The armies still fighting in the Hold wore practically deserted for a few days by the correspondents, ns we all wanted to get in on the liberation of Paris. There were so many correspondents it got to be n joke, even among us. T think nt least 20(1 must have entered the city that first day, both before and after the surrender. The army had picked out a hotel for us ahead of time, rind it WRS taken over as soon as the city surrendered. But though it was a big hotel it was full before dark the first day. so they have taken over another huge one across the street. Hotel life seems strange after so long in the field. My own room is a big corner one. with easy chairs, a soft bed. a bathroom and maid and hall-porter service. There is no electricity in the daytime, no hot water anytime, and no restaurant or bar. but outside of that the hotel is just about like peacetime. Sitting here writing within safe walls, and looking out the window occasionally at the street thronged with happy people, it is already hard to believe there was a war: even harder to realize there still is a war. Hoi] y w ood. — tnv T^RSifWE 1 . in O o 1 ii m n HVSOVl Ann Rutherford would like to murder somebody. Or break up some nice husband's happy home. Or cheat somebody out of their life's savings. She wants to be bad the worst way. On the screen, of course. It's not too good being good in Hollywood. "I was so good It just about wrecked my career," she said. For seven years Ann Rutherford was Mickey Rooney's sweetheart, Polly Benedict, in the Andy Hardy pictures. She played the role so long she lost her identity. She was Polly Benedict—to the movie fans and to studio executives. Off the lot, people would stop her on the street and say, "Oh, I know you. You're that nice little girl, Polly Benedict—Mickey Rooney's sweetheart." "I had grown up. I was married. And they talked baby talk to me. I'd go to the studio wearing a new dress and an executive would pat me on the cheek and say, 'What's oo all dressed up for, baby doll?' "I almost got a part in another picture—not a Hardy film. The girl in the picture was supposed to have twins. The front office heard about it. They started tearing their hair. 'Polly Benedict,' they screamed, 'can't have twins!' I didn't get the part. "I went to New York for a vacation when I was 18. The studio assigned five people to supervise everything I did. 1 wanted to go to the Stork Club and have fun. They dragged me back to the hotel by 10 o'clock every night. They told me, 'Polly Benedict can't bo seen in night clubs.' " Ann tried to get roles in other pictures. Occasionally she did. But most of the time the studio ruled, "Polly Benedict can't play that part." "I finally got mad," Ann said. "I asked them, "Who am I—Ann Rutherford or Polly Benedict?" THey said I was Polly Benedict to the fans. So I told them to break my contract. I wasn't Polly Benedict. I was grown up. I was married. I was Ann Rutherford and I didn't want to spend the rest of my life being Polly Benedict. They decided maybe I was right. I got my release." Ann even tried to have herself killed off, she said, like Laraine Day in the Doctor Kildare pictures. Ann Rutherford is now playing the role of a chorus girl who becomes a taxi driver in an RKO picture, "Two o'clock Courage." She has dialogue such as: "Sure I'm a taxi driver. It keeps me out in the fresh air and there's a pane of glass between me and the drunks." "It's a starter," Ann said. "It's something like I want to play. But I really want to be bad—real bad." She'd like to play Joan Crawford's daughter in the film version of James Cain's novel, "Mildred Pierce." The daughter who steals her mother's boy friend and then murders him. Ann has appeared in 58 pictures. She started out as a. boss opera queen. Metro signed her and she was slated for a glamor girl buildup. Then the Andy Hardy pictures came along and she became Polly Benedict—on and off the screen. She saw the last Andy Hardy picture before Rooney checked into the army. Bonita Granville played Mickey's sweetheart. "It was the biggest thrill I'd had In years," Ann said. "Watching Mickey make love to someone else— and me in the audience." C2 west a 0ns and Answers Q. What is the difference between a bill and an act of Congress — D. E. N. A. "Bill" designates a measure introduced into either House until it has been passed by that House. At that point it is reprinted as an "act," that i.s, an act of one branch of the legislature. The term "act" is popularly used in referring to a measure which has been finally passed by both houses and become law, whether by approval of the President or otherwise. Q. What were Connie Mack's all- time batting and fielding averages? Did he ever make a home run?— F. F. W. A. His iill-timi' butting and fielding averages stand at .249 and .925. lie never marie a home run. Q. What does the letter C stand for in C. 1. O.V—L. C. B. A. When first organized, the initials C. I. O. .stood for Committee for Industrial Organization. In November 1938 the name was changed to Congress of Industrial Organizations. Q. When and where did the members of the Oxford Group hold their first house party?—M. E. R. A. Frank Buchman, leader of this religious movement, held the first House party at a summer resort in Killing. China, at the close of the ast war. Q. When was the post office department placed under civil service? S. CJ. K. A. The post office department was unde;- civil service January IB. 1883, during' the administration of Chester A. Arthur. Q. What is the estimated value of the crown jewels of England?—A. D. A. The intrinsic value of the British crown jewels is between, five and nix million pounds. Q. Who Is the god of luck?—N. B. A. Hermes. Among the ancient recks, treasure casually found was a gift of this god and any stroke of good luck was attributed to him. Q. By what phrase did Governor Dinwiddie refer to George Washington in the governor's dispatches'.'— M. D. A. A. Warnings of encroachment sent by the governor of Virginia to the French, dismissed the young surveyor, Georgo Washington, in the phrase "The Gent. 1 sent " Q. How many plants have been awarded the Army-Navy E?—J. F. A. The award has been granted to 3097 plants of which 2082 were nominated by the army and 1015 by the navy. It is estimated that about 3'/i per cent of eligible plants have received the award. Q. What is the maximum flow of the springs at Silver Springs, Fla?— C. S. N. A. The maximum flow is 801,000,000 gallons per day. The source of the water is the abundant rainfall which is precipiated on the territory immediately adjacent. Q. Where do eels breed?—E. R. A. Fresh water eels, both American and European, breed in the Sargasso sea. Dr. Johannes Schmidt, Danish scientist, scoured the Atlantic ocean for 18 years before he discovered the breeding grounds. Q. Where did Shakespeare use the expression of "flaming youth"?— J. E. C. A.The phrase is in Hamlet, Act III, Scene 4: "To flaming youth let virtue be as wax, And melt In her own fire." Q. Is spun glass finer than human hair?—S. D. A. Commercial spun glass can be spun so fine that it is less than one- tenth the size of human hair. Q. Who composed the Coffee Cantata?—B. E. R. A. Johann Sebastian Bach wrote cantata In 1740 because he was an ardent advocate of coffee. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date, 1924) Four local pulpits were vacant Sunday, two pastors being ill and two away. The Reverend Mr. Cash is leaving the city for Merced. The Reverend George E. Burlingame is acting us temporary pastor of First Baptist Church. The Reverend George A. Warmer mid the Reverend Willis G. White are convalescing. Miss Jessie McMahan of Rochester, Ind.. who was the summer guest of her sister, Mrs. Mel Hay, , will leave Tuesday for the. east. The police are seeking Cinderella as a pair and a half of shoes were found in the business district and turned over to the police department today. W. W. Keller had a narrow escape when the well, into which he was ready to descend to oil a pump, caved in. The pump was covered C feet. James Sinr.nons, II. H. Burton, Donald Minner and others have returned from a trip during which they crossed Harrison Pass, 12,(iOO-foot altitude. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Ciilifornian, this il«te. 1914) Headlines: Turkey Is Mobilizing Under Direction of Germany; Millions Participate in Battle Now Raging. Three Million Troops Battle on French Frontier. Mohammedans Form Army of 200,000 for Aid of Germany. Harry Franey will leave the last of the week for Redondo to join his wife and son, Master Joseph Henry Frnney, who have been vacationing there. They will return in mid- September. Miss Ablida Ballagh, who spent a vacation in Pismo Beach, returned to Bakersfield yesterday in preparation for resuming teaching at Lowell School. In affidavits filed In an effort to clear Southern Pacific Company in a damage suit resulting from a woman's fall, A. E. Cook, railroad detective, says under oath that the plaintiff was wearing a hobble skirt when she slipped on the frosty platform. Tejon Indians are to be ousted from their land. The government, however, will provide them with a home. FORTY YEARS AGO (The (Jalit'ornlan, this date. 19(M) Last week while boring a well on the Carlson ranch east of Exeter, E. D. Wolbert struck a gold-bearing stratum of cement gravel and quartz that is very rich. C. C. Stockton and party returned last evening from a trip to Mount Whitney. They report having encountered several severe storms while in the high mountains. J. M. Buckles and wife left this morning for a visit to their old home in Indiana. Martin Coyne and family have returned from Coronado Beach. Harry Lechner is now in Los Angeles undergoing medical treatment. Principal Nelson in his annual report says that truancy is a knotty problem. He said last year parents were found who connived at the truancy of their children. The Reverend W. M. Collins, pastor, has set Wednesday, September 14, as date for laying the cornerstone of First Baptist Church. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Calit'nrnian, this dale. 1894) It is rumored that a people's party paper will appear next week. Tomorrow you must call for your mail at the Odd Fellows block. The old post office room will be deserted. Contract was signed today for construction of The Californian building on Nineteenth street next to Walters new drug store. F. A. Hickox is the builder. Work will be commenced at once. County Superintendent Harrell returned from a trip through the mountain country last night. He reports crops large and farmers prosperous despite low prices. A Bear Valley grain fielB averaged 60 bushels of wheat to the acre. From a small strawberry patch, G. W. Holaday has sold 1063 boxes for $K!5.30. From half an acre of watermelons and cantaloupes, $77.45 worth have been sold and there are lots left. A reader can Kei ili« answer ,u auj question of fact br writing The Il»ker»ft«m Callfornlan Information llurrai*. SIS Ky« Street. N. _K., WaalUutton. '. D. C. 1'leasi mclou ilirw U) uciiu for repl>. SO THEY SAY If in the future we are attacked by a powerful enemy, we may be sure that we will not be given the time to mobolize our industries and to extemporize an army from the untrained youth of the nation—Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson. If we are to follow the belief that America is a vigorous and growing nation and can expand indefinitely and Infinitely, we must follow the competitive theory of free flow of goods.—Attorney General Francis Blddle. Fighting for every place will be necessary even after the Allies invade Germany.— Dr. Eduard Benes, president of Czechoslovakia. We expect the invasion of Siberia very soon.—Korean underground agent. , A THOUGHT FOR TODAY .in A ike News -(By PAUL MALLON1- WASHIXGTOX, Sept. 1.—There is no strategy in this final disintegration of the war in Europe, except that which is evident. The Germans have lost the war, know it, are running, stopping to fight wherever they can cluster a show of resistance to delay our advance. They could not defend Paris because that would require maintenance of the Seine river line across France and they had insufficient men. Their generals have tried to improvise a line further north on the Somme-Aisne, but they have insufficient power to- maintain that for long either. Xot much more than a delaying action is likely there. Their military eyes are really cast back to the Maginot-Siegfried lines now. These are still strong positions at the central German border, but they will be worthless to the Nazis unless the Belgian forts can be properly manned to maintain the flank in the lowlands. The last battle of the war for us might develop there. General Eisenhower's plan originally intended that the southern invasion force should meet the Normandy force around Dijon-Belfort and seal off the bulk of southern France. But when he found how hollow and weak the Nazis were behind their front lines, his fast moving mechanical cavalry under General Patton was sent northward before reaching Belfort, in an effort to cut the Nazi retreat to the Belgian forts, while the infantry pushed straight ahead up the channel coast toward the same forts. Speed is the driving necessity for success of his purpose, never to allow the enemy to rest, regroup or dig in, but to keep pushing, fighting. We are a little ahead of the Russians in this race to Berlin. The Reds had to let up for the past three weeks, directing their attention toward knocking Rumania and Bulgaria out of the war and threatening to enter Germany by the back door (they will get Bucharest and the Iron Gate and Carpathian mountain passes leading to Germany via Hungary, Czechoslovakia). But they will revert again now to the Polish front and drive straight for the German capital. Truth is, they ran into more Nazi resistance than they expected, not only at Warsaw, but on the east Prussian border and in the Baltic. The Nazis have strong forces still on those fronts. Hitler cannot hope to surrender to us on the western front without quitting also to Russia. The terms are not 'only unconditional surrender but indivisible, and the agreement on this cannot, or will not, be broken. To guess when this will come Is foolish, but personal estimates of military authorities now run through October and November. Of all of Hitler's crimes against civilization, his final tactics in this war are the most fiendish. Not even his savage, inhuman atrocities on minorities cost as many lives as his redistil to surrender a cause lost . months ago, and the maintenance of the slaughter of his own people and others needlessly, even to the continuance of a robot campaign against England which could only be justified by a madman. If he could be put into a robot himself as a projectile and shot to his death, not even then would justice be done for his crime, not even if he had a hundred lives. His tactics are being interpreted by some as an indication he is already fighting the next war, that both he an dhis forces are making their way underground to hide, pillage and sabotage indefinitely. The Fascist militia is being organized for that purpose, even has the name "militi" to give it the fighting standard of the Maquis. Such continuance of resistance has been threatened at the close of every war, has never been successful and will not be. Snipers soon lose their zest in the face of machineguns and 35-mm. cannon. Rats can be driven from any lair by military fumigation. Our military conquest will subdue the Fascists completely, as far as violence is threatened by them. But Kurt Dittmar's unofficial German radio plea for better terms thus sounds false and deceptive against Hitler's military tactics. The plea was no doubt offered to inspire our people to ask our generals why they do not make peace, to create some American pressure to ease up. Hitler is still Hitler—to the end. (World copyright, 1(144. by Kin« Features Syn- rlirale. In'-. AT rtfthls reserved, tleproductiua in full or L: liftft strictly prohibited.) YVaslniigfon Col -(By PETER EUSOX)- Fifteen months after the Hot Springs, Va.. United Nations conference on food and agriculture, Its interim commission makes its first report to 45 participating governments. It proposes a constitution for a new international alphabetical agency, FAO, which stands for Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations—an International trade association, interested in food production. The proposal will probably be kicked around a good bit, though there is nothing vicious or seriously controversial about it. Before FAO can even get officially born, its proposed constitution will have to be ratified by 20 governments which will ngree to foot the bills. The proposed cost to the United States would be 25 per cent of the total at first, or an estimated $1,250,000 a year for the first five years. Whatever controversy arises will probably center around the idea that the United States should he asked to foot a fourth of the bills, although it will get only one vote. This is the usual squawk on all these agreements when first presented, and in the case of FAO, it will probably be coupled with the notation that the British would be assessed only 15 per cent of the cost, the Russians 8 per cent; and that six units of the British Empire would have six votes, even though together they would be assessed 31 per cent of the cost. Just what this food and agriculture organization would be empowered to do is a little hard to pin down,-as it is still pretty much in the nature of an international do- gooder. It would not be a super- state, international department of agriculture, nor would the director general of the executive committee in any sense be a world food czar. FAO would start out in life on a much more modest basis than that. It would be empowered to conduct research, collect statistics and make recommendations, and that's about all. It would have no control over world food production or distribution. It would have no police powers and no authority to dish out punitive orders to nations that did not live up to its recommendations. Even its recommendations—"conventions" they are called in International parlance—would require ratification by individual govern, ments before they would become binding on any nation. The whole set-up as proposed Is therefore perfectly harmless and the potential good that it might do is limited to studying and passing out information to recommend raising the levels of nutrition and living standards, improving the efficiency of agricultural production, bettering the conditions of rural life, and thus contributing towards an expanding world economy. All this is of particular Interest just now as contributory to whatever agreement for maintaining peace and security the British-Rus. sinn-Chinese-American conferees are able to work out at Dumbarton Oaks, In Washington. Also, the Hot Springs food conference was the first of the international meetings to be called. Since then, there have been United Nations conferences on monetary stabilization, and preliminary conferences on international aviation, petroleum and rubber control. There will be others. Fitting them all into one big International organization to end wars is the gigantic jig-saw puzzle to be worked out in coming months. like Readers* Vi POTATOES AND POLITICS ' Editor The Californian: The smell of rotting potatoes per- meats the whole southeast part of Bakersfield tonight as a breeze is coming from the east. What these New Deal beaucratic Democrats have done to this country under the guise of war emergency, while so many of us were, and are, away in the defense of our cr.untry, is hard to put into words. Putting these potatoes right next to a public school and residential district with signs. "Keep Out, Government of the United States," is a beaucratic "idea" that stinks with a crash. We could use some of the livestock that was plowed under a few years ago, and do well to be rid of this and many other smells that permeate nearly every line of endeavor, especially "private enterprise." The November election will see these beaucrats and their various smells plowed under with them. EX-SERVICE WORLD AVAR II. Bakersfield, September 1, 1944. Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanlslieth away. — James 4:14. » * * We are In this life as it were in another man's house. In heaven la our home, In the world la our Inn: do not so entertain thyself In the Inn of this world for a day as to have thy minds withdrawn from longing after thy heavenly home.—Gerhard. RED CROSS WORKROOMS Editor The Californian: I One of the nicest places In Bakersfield to spend a little time is the Red Cross workrooms. You are always greeted with smiles, it is nice and cool, and there are pleasant instructions to help you if you are new. These women, exchange receipts and carry on little Interesting chatter while they work. Many of them do not have loved ones in the service, but are there because they love this country and these boys who are sacrificing so much for us. They are doing their bit to help keep this a peace loving country, free for all. The sad part of It Is there is usually the same crowd, who give hours, days, weeks and months willingly. Are you one of these few, or a is you standing back and letting them do your share now and will step up like a warrior and reap the reward? Wake up ant) do your bit for you are badly needed. ALBERTA CA,RLTON. 21)01 Lake street, Bakersfield, August 30, 1044. FROM V. F. W. Editor The Californian: The Private Harold Brown Post No. 1468, Veterans of Foreign Wars, wish to convey their deep and heartful thanks to Alfred Han-ell and The Californian staff for your outstanding support, editorially and financially, In our recent campaign to raise the local quota of a national veterans' rehabilitation fund. » The campaign has been a success through generous contributions of the citizens of Bakersfield and East Bakersfield and vicinity, people In * all walks of life. Names of donors 1 and amounts contributed are on file at our post headquarters in the Veterans Memorial Building, 1836 Nineteenth street, and may be viewed by anyone interested. With the aid of this fund the < Veterans of Foreign Wars are ready to fulfill, as always, their duty to returning comrades. Thanking you again for your cooperation in this worthy cause, we remain, sincerely. Yours "V" truly, Private Harold Brown Post 1468, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Frank V. Harrison, Commander. Bakersfield, August 28, 1944. THE HODSONS Editor The Californian: I have been wondering if the parents North of the River realize how grand the Youth Club under the direction of Mrs. Howard Hodson really Is. I for one think It Is a grand gesture on the part of Mr. and Mrs. -^ Hodson for their help and understanding of our teen age boys and girls. I would like to give a big cheer '• for the "fellas and "gals." They are making a big success of their club and solving their own juvenile problems. I wish to thank Mr. and Mrs. Hodson and the Woman's Club for their very kind help and guidance of the young people in our district. Come on parents let's get behind these grand kids and the Hodsons.? HIGHLAND PARK MOTHER.
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