A Problem? Extension Door Always Open By MRS. RAYMOND HOUSTON What is Extension? 'How is it operated? Who are the Extension agents? Where is their office? What are 4-H Clubs? Those are questions which are often asked by the public. It will be necessary to go back one hundred years to start looking for the answers. Abraham Lincoln, on May 15, 1882, signed a bill which created the United States Department of Agriculture; in July the land- grant colleges were created by Lincoln's signature on another bill. The Department of Agriculture was created to "acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with agii culture. . . " The Merrill Act, which Lincoln signed on July 2, 1862, provided for the government to make grants of or to donate public lands, which were federally owned, to the states for the purpose of establishing at least one college to "teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts." A college education was thought of as only for the well-to-do at that time, but the land-grant idea opened the doors for a higher education for many more people. Kansas State College at Manhattan was established in February, 1883, by the Kansas Legislature. The name was changed to Kansas State University in 1959. The land-grant colleges and the Department of Agriculture have cooperated closely from the very beginning. Their century of study, research, and educational programs has been largely responsible for developing the most efficient and productive agriculture of the world. Extension education has helped provide our American farmers with the knowledge necessary for this huge success. Today Extension programs are serving both the rural and town people with assistance vital to both. The Department and the colleges are not resting on their laurels, for in this fast changing world of ours, newer problems keep cropping up which must be answered, if we are to maintain our high standards. These answers are passed along to the public largely through the "Cooperative Extension Service"; which is the largest adult educational program out-of-school. The Federal- State Cooperative Agricultural Extension Service was established by the Smith-Lever Act, which was passed in 1914. Extension, of which 4-H is an mportant part, reaches every nomics agent and they must al- HOME ECONOMICS AGENT Rosemary Crist goes over records with Mrs. Margaret Emerson, training under Miss Crist before assuming duties of economist in Washington County in two months. Miss Crist has served in Franklin County since 1958. She is from Rawlins County. (Herald Photo) AGRICULTURAL AGENT Don Brown discusses farm management with Mr. and Mrs. Neil Anderson, Princeton. Brown came to Franklin County as extension agent in 1951 front Crawford County. His home town is Fall River in Greenwood County. (Herald Photo) tate to teach and inform; it ex- ends a practical, informal edu- ation to all who desire it. No tudies are required and no grade ards are handed out. But its millions of pupils-men, women, >oys and girls from every walk of life—learn the most up-to- ate practices, both agricultural nd home economics. A 4-H club is an organization rf boys and girls under the guidance of the extension workers and local volunteer leaders, ts purpose is the development of x>ys and girls and to make them letter able to fill any position hey may occupy. Latest records show 310,000 eaders, known as unpaid employees of the land-grant colleges, are upervising over two million boys and girls in their project work nd activities. Such a large system doesn't operate by itself, the County Ex- ension Council and Executive 5oard supervise this link between he Federal and State Extension Service, land-grant colleges and he people. The county extension council is composed of three members from each township and each city not a part of a township. One of the three members is elected to represent agriculture, one to represent home conomics and one to represent 4-H club work. All citizens of voting age are eligible to vote in the township or city elections which are jublic meetings held after Octo- )er 1 of .each year. One-half of he townships and cities elect representatives each year for a two year term. An executive board is then elected at the annual meeting of he council. The council elects rom its own members an executive board consisting of a chairman, a secretary, and a treasurer, and six other members. Not more than one member shall be elected from any one township or city, unless the county has less than nine townships and cities not a part of a township. Since the executive board is responsible for the extension programs of agriculture, home economics, and 4-H work, the membership is representative of all the phases. Roy Herring is chairman of of the 1963 Franklin County Board; Mrs. Ralph Overstreet, secretary; and Glen Hayward, treasurer. Other members are Harold Staadt, Mrs. Donald Steward, Mrs. W. I. Hink, Jim Lancaster, Mrs. Leroy Wasmund and Mrs. Beverly Daugharthy. It takes funds to operate any program and Extension is no exception. Financing county Extension work is a three way deal with the federal, state, and county governments sharing the cost for this valuable educational program. A county Extension program is conducted by the County Agricul tural Agent, the Home Economics Agent, and the 4-H Agent. Some counties have only an agricultural agent and a home eco- so conduct the 4-H program. The Franklin County Extension office is located in the basement of the Franklin County courthouse with Don Brown, agricultural agent; Rosemary Crist, home economics agent; and Ross Nelson, 4-H agent responsible for a successful program. Brown, as agricultural agent, has the responsibility of the entire extension program as well as setting up training schools for all the many phases of agriculture; and must have at his finger tips the latest information on the related sujects of agriculture. This information is also passed on to 4-H'ers. The soil testing laboratory, another service needed by both the framer and the town gardener, is located in the Extension office. No one can make farming and gardening pay in this scientific age without the benefit of a soil test. Rosemary Crist, in her job as home economics agent, sets Up training sessions for the women leaders of the different phases of unit work. Rosemary personally gives many of the lessons to the 33 units of the county. It is not necessary to be a unit member, however, to call upon her for help with any problems arising. She also works closely with the women 4-H project leaders. She conducts training sessions for foods, clothing and home improvement leaders; sets up judg- ng schools and contests for the 4-H'ers enrolled in the home economics phases; supervises the county style revue; and is ready to help with the many individual problems of both the women of he county and the 4-H girls. Club agent, Ross Nelson, works with the leaders and members of nineteen 4-H clubs. His "family" numbers almost 700. He also has he job of setting up training sessions for those leaders and mem- iers; guides the work of the county 4-H Council; sets in on "hundreds" of committee meetings; and has to be prepared to answer many individual questions on the many aspects of club work. All three agents work with the county events such as County Club Day, 4-H Sunday, County Camps, Business Men's Picnic, the county and state fairs, Achievement Program and Leaders' Banquet. Each is ready to lend a helping hand to the others with any job that needs doing. Our latest problems, whether we live in town or on the farm, concerning home making or agriculture can be solved by simply calling at the Extension Office and asking one of our "agents" for help. Their job is to help us to make life easier, improve our family living and increase our efficiency by getting to us the latest information available. The office is there for the benefit of everyone FOUR-H AGENT Ross Nelson (center), looks on as Ed Call (right), Kansas State University extension dairy specialist, examines calf pelvis with Merlin Sowers (left), and Robert Sowers (center) at extension council office. Nelson took over as Franklin County agent in 1960. His home town is Holton. Merlin and Robert are sons of Mr. and Mrs. Clare Sowers, Williamsburg. (Herald Photo) Thanks For 4-H Program And 4-H'ers Like These in Franklin County. The door is always open and the welcome mat out, won't you drop in and get acquainted with the agents and the services which are available to you? It Took Some Doing, But You're Most Welcome By JANICE MHXKEN Junior Leaden We finally got it done! After trying five times in the last eleven years, it is all completed. "Come On," Chorus, "Louder" By CRAIG FRENCH Trail Blazers "Sing louder, pronounce words clearer, stand up straight, don't talk." These were some of the instructions we heard at our Trail Blazers 4-H club chorus practice. Practices were at the Robert Hull, Earl Pope and W. H. Williams homes. So even the parents have a part in 4-H; providing a place to practice is just one of the many ways our parents help. Meanwhile, many hours were spent in preparing our individual talks and demonstrations. All this was leading up to County Club Day which is one of the "red letter days" of club work. Finally, the big day arrived. Becky Lowrance took her place at the piano while Barbie Hull went on to direct us. We received a red ribbon, but we tried and learned. Throughout the day we listened and learned by watching the dif ferent talks and demonstrations. ; It was a long day and we were tired, but I believe it was worth while, don't you? Got what done? Well, the signs, of course. What signs? The 4-H welcome signs. There are seven in all. Yes, after trying five times in: the last 11 years, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1958 and 1963, we have completed our project. This project was undertaken by the Franklin County junior leaders. Several clubs have had the responsibility of putting the signs in place. Far and Near set one on Highway 50 near the Coffey- Franklin County line. Berea Boosters located another on US59 near Richmond. Pottawatomie Valley installed a sign on the John Brown Highway and Miami county line. Full O'Pep located another on Highway 68 near the Miami County line. Rambling Ranchers have placed one on US50 near the Douglas County line. Greenwood Rockets have a site on Highway 69 near the Osage County line west of Pomona, and SHAFF had the honor of installing the first sign north of Wellsville on Highway 33. The Junior Leaders ordered the seven metal signs to place on all main roads into Franklin County. The cost of the signs posts, etc., was divided among the Junior Leaders, 4-H Council and each of the 19 clubs. These attractive metal signs will last for many years. Each 4-H member and 4-H club have taken part in the signs welcoming visitors to Franklin County. The Junior Leaders are to be commended for completing this project. FOUR-H'ERS-WELCOME FRANKLIN COUNTY VISITORS - Green and white "welcome" signs greet travelers as they enter Franklin County on major highways. Clubs, county council and junior leaden club raised the funds necessary to purchase and install colorful signs. By MARGARET HENNING Town and Country To observe 4-H Club Week the Town and Country 4-H Club would like to honor two outstanding young people, Mary Ann Hewitt and James Dunn, both of whom have made an enviable record in their 4-H accomplishments. In many activities, Mary Ann and James have shared honors since joining Silver Leaf 4-H Club in 1956. In square dancing they were in the group which won top blues in the county and regional for three consefcutive years. In 1960 the group rated second place in the state. Both were in the Model Meeting which won top blue in the county in 1960. Also, that same year James was in the play which took top honors at the county and region al. Both have won many top blues and reserve blues at County Club Days and the County Fairs. In 1956 James' barrow entry was awarded Grand Champion honors and won a red placing at Hutchinson. In 1957 he won another Grand Championship for Barred Plymouth Chickens which he entered at the Hutchinson Fair. Then in 1950, he and Alfonso Mages won the state award for their team demonstration in electricity. At the State Fair in 1960, James won Grand Championship in Foo<3 Demonstration; in 1958 he had received the Fleishmann Cooking Award at the Lane Fair. In 1961 he was state winner in electricity and later was awardec a trip to Wichita in honor of that accomplishment. He won the state public speak ing award that same year and was named first alternate to the national public speaking contest at Chicago. Two other recogni tions were given to James: Who's Who, and the Gold Achievemen Award, the only one given to a Franklin County boy. Mary Ann rated top blues on her promotional talks, her dem onstrations and her recreationa entries. In 1960 she was awarded a trip to Wichita as a reward for being among the top young rec reational leaders in the state Both Jim and Mary Ann were in the recreational group which wen twice to Round-Up, Brookville and Hutchinson. In 1960 James was chosen to go to the Junio Leaders' Conference at Rock Springs. Mary Ann, now in her secora semester at Ottawa University majoring in Home Arts, current ly is president of Town and Coun try 4-H Club. When she joined JAMES DUNN 4-H, she was asked what 4-H could offer town youth. All she knew then to answer was that she would have a chance to learn to cook and sew. In the seven ensuing years she has learned much in loyalty, trustworthiness, honesty and leadership, as well as the "know how" in the varied projects and activities. Mary Ann -says, "Since 1956 I have been working on a special recipe which is one of the most important ones I have ever discovered. So far, I have added the following ingredients: Eighty-three club meetings, 57 project meetings, 18 demonstrations, 16 judging events, 6 showmanship events, 354 food items, 30 complete meals, 46 garments, 7 County Fain, 39 Food exhibits, 24 sewing exhibits, 6 club tours, 7 achievement events, 6 Rural Life Sundays (County), 6 Rural Life Sundays, (Local), 4 district camps, 2 Round-Ups, 2 State Fairs and, all club moneymaking events. Now add participation in club's yearly activities, such as community service, health, safety, etc. Add a large portion of clean wholesome recreation. Then add future years in 4-H, and, if you follow directions carefully, this recipe should turn out well enough to be called "Successful Homemaker and Citizen." Mary Ann sums up her 4-H experiences: "Yes, they have been interesting and worthwhile; in fact, the highlight of my life." James, a sophomore at Kansas State, majoring in restaurant management, expresses his enthusiasm for 4-H in this way: "I think that 4-H has helped to bridge the gap between youth and adulthood. It helps train youth to do things that will be useful in later life, such as changing a plug on an electric cord, male* MARY ANN HEWITT ing fruit cake muffins, good health practices and numerous other practical helps. "Four-H helps to broaden teenagers' outlook on life, opening doors to social activities, jobs, and do-it-yourself projects. Being an active 4-H'er in local, county and state events can help one in meeting other young people and becoming better acquainted with our state of Kansas as a whole." Not only can Franklin County be proud of Mary Ann and James, but all the 4-H Club movement can be justly proud that opportunities such as these are given to young people in clubs every* where. Guideposts For 4-ffers Ten guideposts were adopted by 4-H'ers in 1945. They were developed by a committee of county, state and national leaders. They have been formulated to help prepare club members physically, mentally, and spiritually for citizenship. They are based on needs and interest through which youths are: 1. Developing talents for greater usefulness. 2. Joining with friends for work, fun, and fellowship. 3. Learning to live in a changing world. 4. Choosing a way to earn a living. 5. Producing food and fiber for home and market. 6. Creating better homes for better living. 7. Conserving nature's resources for security and happiness. 8. Building health for a strong America. 9. Sharing responsibilities for community improvement. 10. Serving as citizens in maintaining world peace.
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