The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 31, 1944 · Page 16
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 16

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Thursday, August 31, 1944
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Thursday, August 31,1944 editorial of 3Tl)c Pafcertffielb Cal(fonttan ALFRED H A R R E L L ZD1IOI 4ND FUBL13HI» Entered In pott office at Baker»fleld, California, m rec mall under the art nt Congress March 3, 1875. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled (o the use for puliltm- tton of a\ll*n«w» dispatches credited to it cr not otherwise credited in tbls paper, &nd also the local newa published therein. The B&kerifleld California!! ii^lso n client of the L'nlted Tress and receives *t« i.omplcle wire service. REPRESENTATIVES \Vest-Holidny Co.. Inc. New Tork. Ollicavro, San Francisco. I^os AnBrlcs. Seattle, Portland. Denver WASHINGTON, P. C.. BrniCAI' The Haskin Service. Washington. D. <". By carrier or mail lin advance) In postal zones one. tu-n. three, per month, 85c: six months. $5.10: one yenr, $9.00. By mail in postal zones four to eight, per mnnlh. Jl.OS. « RACE WITH WINTER t W AR in Europe lias become something of a race with the weather—whether our Allied forces can break the Reich before storms of autumn check the flights of our airplanes, bog the roads into liquid ribbons of mud and make the lives of fighting men living and moving in the open daily ordeals of discomfort and misery; whether our armies can defeat Germany before this occurs is now a problem confronting our generals. The war in the west has shown an increasing tempo of movcmcnls and a dynamic sequence of events disastrous to the Germans. Three daggers on offensive thrust have already penetrated the epidermal defense layer of the Reich and arc now being pushed home toward the heart. One dagger is the threat of Allied armies above Paris at the Seine; another is Russian- held and is penetrating to the vitals of Rumania, while the third dirk is symbolized in the Russian drive on the Vistula above Warsaw. Winter fighting has been maintained in Russia throughout the war hut a Russian winter is a terrible enemy. Middle-aged veterans of the first World War remember grimly the terrible hardships of trench fighting in the muck and cold of winter on the western front. There will be a strong attempt lo end the war by October, not only to be in accord witli tentative Army plans featuring that date as a goal, but because winter fighting in northern Europe is a terrible ordeal lo impose on fighting men. Our armies now moving with great acceleration are not only sprinting along with the winged victory of wars, but arc moving rapidly to win their race against the weather, •ihe gloom of the long winter nights and the short days of Europe. Summer is waning and with il the strength of Germany. It is the wish of millions thai American boys now serving overseas will not have to spend the next winter fighting in snow, frost, rains and mud. OVERSEAS FLIGHTS T HE Army Transport Command is reported to be making 600 or more round trips across the Atlantic every month. Seventeen years ago many newspapers printed editorials decrying the practice of attempting trans-Atlantic flights. It took Lindbergh some 36 hours to make the trans- Atlantic trip to Paris. Now il is a pleasant journey of less than 12 hours. Recently a Rakersfield officer came home from England lo this city in two days by plane and was in no particular hurry other than having a desire lo see his people. At this lime the army air force is not revealing the speed of its great R-29s or even later bombers that may supersede the B-20s, but it is probably true thai these great ships, flying the statosphere are, in the thin rarefied air, reducing traveling time lo an astonishing degree. Their performances will be revealed after the war. The men thai dropped into the ocean 17 and 18 years ago on their trans-Allanlic and Pacific flighls lo the Hawaiian islands helped make possible today those COO flights a month across the Atlantic, and only the war department knows how many monthly across the Pacific. ATONEMENT FOR GREECE C OUNT CARLO SIOIIZA, Italian leader speaking in Rome, declared thai Italy owed atonement to Greece for the "awful wrong" committed against that country. "We must not only assure the Hellenic people thai whoever, no matter what his rank, perpetrated atrocities in Greece shall be punished in exemplary fashion." He also favored Ihe annexation of the Dodecanese islands to Greece, providing the population of the islands so wishes this change. The pronouncements of the Italian liberal leader indicate a return to sanity in Italian ilitics. Mussolini, in his declarations for ditical realism, actually was one of the lost unrealistic men in Europe. He thought would found an empire. It failed. He believed that the artistic and agrarian Italians Would love his blood and iron formula while apparently they hated it. He believed in power politics and was thoroughly unscrupulous in his dealings with other nations. His political Frankenstein crushed him. 'Now to hear an Italian politician admit an Italian wrong, a grevious one against Greece, T k and utter in the same breath an equitable way of solving the Dodecanese islands problem is lo hear something so foreign to the bombast of Mussolini as to be startling. Italy, Count Sforza said, must in the future hope for close co-operalion with America, England and Russia, and he expressed the hope that lime will result in the friendly relations with France, relations interrupted by Mussolini when he foolishly believed that France was doomed to final defeat from the Nazis and that the time to strike France was when she was powerless to strike back. Count Sforza has an entirely different viewpoint from Mussolini, the most discredited man in Europe. "BLIND BLITZ" t T in; British arc now calling the robot bomb attack the "blind blitz" and the weird and lethal bombs that roar over the channel all day long arc destroying homes in England at the rale of 17,000 every 24 hours. These figures are no exaggeration for they are those of the British Information Service, which usually seems accurate. The "blind blitz" is doing more damage than the German bombers did during the great Battle of Britain and no pilots are needed to guide the winged torpedoes of the air. It musl be apparent that the destruction or damaging of 17,000 homes a day is accompanied by thousands of deaths, and perhaps three times as many injured as are killed. As the Allied forces arc moving up the French coast under the command of General Bradley and as General Patton is probing the German rearguard with the steel fingers of his tanks, the whole military affair is becoming a grim race for the protection of England's homes, and has far more serious consequences to the British than the immediate tactical significance of our brilliant successes in the field. The Germans, as the British now attest, "were not kidding" when they reported they had an effective secret weapon. The tremendous explosion on the French coast this week, a blast thai broke English windows across the channel and jarred Ihe island of Brilain, may have been a mishap with Germany's larger robot bombs. This is certainly the sincere hope of the Allies and particularly the English householders, who have lived with death since the first robot was launched across the channel. It is also possible the Germans may be blowing up Iheir Pas de Calais installalions as they move out, or prepare to move out in advance of the Allied drive toward Ihe Reich. TRIALS FOR GESTAPO A -Din; Gi-it.MJD, author of the notable book, "The Grave Diggers of France," as an outstanding European journalist of inlegrily, points out to the Allied powers the problem they will have after the war with trials of the German Gestapo which he says numbers at least 20,000 persons who have acted in various unsavory roles for the Hitlerian regime. Andre Geraud describes Ibis hosl as a "gang of torturers and murderers" and his description, judging from what we have been reading for the last five years in the newspapers, is a conservative phrase and thoroughly justified. Mass murder trials, however, are difficult, as our own trial at Washington of alleged subversive members of American society has indicated. Oddly enough, the estimated 20,000 "murderers and torturers" forms one of the largest organizations of criminals ever operative under modern "civilization." Doubtless the testimony of thousands of survivors of their cruelties could be adduced but probably only a few of the Gestapo wifl ever be given the justice they have earned through their horrible depredations. Here is a problem posed in mass justice and its ramifications arc so extensive that its final solution may be a matter of years. If the dead "cry out" for vengeance, however, il will be solved. RANDOM NOTES ! It has been warm in Bakersfield this week; | likewise Los Angeles. Los Angeles has just i experienced its hottest day since last year. I In Los Angeles the mercury reached 98 degrees and when one considers the famous Los Angeles humidity, the two in combination mean that it's hoi! AI El Cenlro the temperature reached 116 degrees, and 115 al Blylhe. New York, loo, this year has had record temperatures, and the nation's capital has sweltered in humid heat, making tempers short and arguments long. Bakersfield this year has had one of its finest summers of record, most of the year being exceptionally pleasant. The "old- timers" have no objection lo a few -hot days—they expect them.* -& R N 1 . H; PYL: H; PARIS—(By Wireless)—The other correspondents have written so thoroughly and so well about the fantastic eruption of mass joy when Paris was liberated that I shall not dwell on it much longer. But there are some little things I have to get out of my system, so we'll have at least this one more column on it. Actually the thing has floored most of us. I know that I have felt totally incapable of reporting it to you. It was so big I felt Inadequate to touch it. I didn't know where to start or what to say. The words you put down about It sound feeble to the point of asinlnity. I'm not alone In this feeling, for I've heard a dozen other correspondents say the same thing. A good many of us feel we have failed in properly presenting the loveliest, brightest story of our time. It could be that this is because we have been so unused, for so long, to anything bright. At any rate let's go back to the demonstration. From 2 o'clock in the afternoon until darkness around 10. we few Americans in Paris on that first day were kissed and hauled and mauled by friendly mobs until we hardly knew where we were. Everybody kissed you—little children, old women, grown-up men, beautiful girls. They jumped and squealed and pushed in a literal frenzy. They pinned bright little flags and badges all over you. Amateur cameramen took pictures. They tossed flowers and friendly tomatoes into your jeep. One little girl even threw a bottle of cider into ours. As you drove along, gigantic masses of waving and screaming humanity clapped their hands as though applauding a fine performance in a theater. We in the jeeps smiled back until we had set grins on our faces. We waved until our arms gave out; and then we just waggled our fingers. We shook hands until our hands were bruised and scratched. If the Jeep stopped you were swamped instantly. Those who couldn't reach you threw kisses at you, and we threw kisses back. They sang songs. They sang wonderful French songs we had never heard. And they sang "Tlpperary" and "Mudelon" and "Over There" and the "Marseillaise." French policemen saluted formally but smilingly as we passed. The French tanks that went in ahead of us pulled over to the sidewalks and were immediately swarmed over. And then some weird cell in the mystic human makeup caused people to start wanting autographs. It began the first evening, and by the next day had grown to unbelievable proportions. Everybody wanted each soldier's autograph. They shoved notebooks and papers at you to sign. It was just like Hollywood. One woman, on the second day, had a stuck of neat little white slips, surely 300 of them, for people to sign. That first afternoon only the main streets into the city were open and used, and they were packed with humanity. The side streets were roped off and deserted, because the Germans had feeble fortifications and some snipers there. The weather was marvelous for liberation day, and for the next day too. For two days previously it had been gloomy and raining. But on the big day the sky was pure blue, the sun was bright and warm—a perfect day for a perfect occasion. Paris seems lo have all the beautiful girls we have always heard it had. The women have an art of getting themselves up fascinatingly. They dress in riotous colors in this lovely warm season, and when the flag-draped holiday streets are pacj\ed with Parisians, the color makes everything else In the world seem gray. As one soldier remarked, the biggest thrill in getting to Paris is to see people in bright summer clothes again. Like any city, Paris has its quota of dirty and ugly people. But dirty and ugly people have emotions too, and Hank Gorrell got roundly kissed by one of the dirtiest and ugliest women I have ever seen. 1 must add that since he's a handsome creature he also got more than his share of embraces from the beautiful young things. There was one funny little old woman, so short she couldn't reach up to kiss men in military vehicles, who appeared on the second day carrying a step ladder. Whenever a car stopped she would climb her step ladder and let the boys have it with hugs, laughs and kisses. The second day was a little different from the first. You could sense that during those first few hours of liberation the people were almost animal-like in their panic of joy and relief and gratitude. They were actually crying as they kissed you and screamed, "Thank you, oh, thank you, for coming!" But on the second day it was a deliberate holiday. It was a festival prepared for and gone into on purpose. You could tell that the women had prettied up especially. The old men had on their old medals, and the children were scrubbed and Sunday-dressed until they hurt. And then everybody came downtown. By 2 In the afternoon the kissing and shouting and autographing and applauding were almost deafening. The pandemonium of a free and lovable Paris reigned again. It was wonderful to be here. H un oJll ywoo -(By ERSKINE JOHNSON)Ralph Bellamy, that swell actor whom Hollywood typed as a big, friendly midwestern dope, reported happily today that lie's out of the rut. It took a two-year sojourn on the New York stage and the film version of the play, "Guest in the House," to get him out of it. Bellamy plays a breezy magazine illustrator married to Ruth Warrick and suspected of having a romance with his blonde model, Marie MacDonald. Producer Hunt Stromberg has signed him to a long-term contract. There's an one-the-side verbal agreement that he'll play no more dopes. The big movie hit of 1937, "The Awful Truth," stamped Ralph Bellamy as a good girl loser. He played the role of a hick from the sticks and lost Irene Dunne to Cary Grant. "It was an awful mistake for me," he said. "From then on I was typed— every time there was a hick character who lost the girl in the final reel 1 was it." One day Bellamy went to Warner Brothers and was thumbing through a new script. One of the character descriptions read: "He's a big, friendly midwestern guy slightly on the dull side—a typical Ralph Bellamy part." "That convinced me," Bellamy fiild. "I rented my home to Chester Morris and went to New York." Bo.lla.my starred in the Broadway hit, "Tomorrow the World"—the role Frederic Marsh plays in the film version. Before deserting movietown, Bellamy sold out his interest in the Palm Springs Racquet Club to his partner, Charley Farrell. The Palm Springs Racquet Club is another story—one of the most amusing yarns these tired ears have heard in a long time. It's the story of how two gents got mixed up in a $70,000 full-time enterprise just because they wanted a nice quiet game of tennis. Ten years ago there were only two tennis courts in Palm Springs. Bellamy and Farrell "adopted" one at the swank El Mirador hotel, near their desert homes. Finally the management complained. "Every time our guests want to play tennis, you guys are there," the manager told them. They promised to let someone else have a chance at the court. A couple of weeks later Bellamy and Farrell were horseback riding and saw a sign advertising 52 acres of desert land for sale for only $3500. "It was a mile from town but it was a bargain, so we bought it," Ralph said. "But we didn't know what to do with it. Finally Charley said, 'Let's build a tennis court.' " The cost would be $4200, the cement man said, but for just a little more they could have two tennis courts. "It was a bargain," Ralph said, "so we had him build two tennis courts. "Then we had to have a shelter or else get sunstroke. In a couple of weeks we had $18,000 tied up just because we wanted to play tennis. We got a little panicky and decided to sell memberships. We sold a few at $50 apiece. We were still in the red. So we raised the fee to $100, then to $200. A year iatear Farrell had to quit pictures to manager the club, the price was up ot $850, we had 500 members and had to appoint a committee to keep people out." .What started as a tennis court now Is four courts, a tile pool, a clubhouse, a bar and even a night club. When Farrell joined the navy, his wife and father took over. "I sold out," Bellamy said. "It was getting too big for me." (Copyright. 1944, NBA Service, Inc.) like Readers' Viewpoint , . N0 . lt ,- 1 * tlc ,r s1 '' l " )uld be limited to 150 words: m«y attack Ideas but not Demons; must not be abusive and should be written legibly and on one side of the paper. The Cutiforiilan is lint responsible for th« sentiments contained therein and reserves the right to reject any letters letters must bear an authentic address and signature, although these will be withheld If desired. FOR ROOSEVELT Editor The Californian: I have just read an article in your CHILDREN'S CARE Editor The Californian: In regards to the subject of children left in parked cars. Our county or city might try the plan they have working in Chico. The county there has a lady to watch all children from the ages of 2 to 32. In the summer she is in the city park, where there are swings, slides and other playground equipment. In the winter she is in the community hall, where she supervises games and tells stories- There is no charge to mothers, as her salary is paid by the county. Even if the mothers had to pay a small charge, they say it would be worth it to know their children are safe, cool and comfortable. Surely something similar could be worked out for our children here. C. Z. E. B. PROGRESSIVE CLUB Editor The Californian: On behalf of the officers and directors of the Bast Bakersfiold Progressive Club, I want- to express our thanks and appreciation for the fine publicity you gave us in your good paper supporting our efforts in the Fifth War Loan drive. We feel that a great part of the success of our program was the result of your co-operation. .Yours very truly. CHARLES N. FULLER. President East 'Bakersfield Progressive Club. Header's Viewpoint, under the heading of "Hoover Target," and I don't quite get the meaning of some of his words, but I understand it enough to know that he must evidently be throwing a "steer" at Roosevelt, I may not be a child who has grown up since Roosevelt drove the wolves from Washington, but count it up yourself, "Mr. Hoover Man." I was only 10 years old when Mr. Roosevelt was first elected. And frankly, I think Roosevelt is doing a wonderful job in office during this trying term. "Mr. Hoover Man," do you know of anyone who could beat him? Or maybe you have a few suggestions that would make him better. If you're asking me, another man would have to have at least 12 years' experience, then couldn't keep our noses off the grindstone, the way President Roosevelt has. I can still remember when Hoover was President, and my father was working for $1 a day. The wages a person can almost make in one hour now. ANOTHER ROOSEVELT VOTER. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY He hath filled the hungry with food things; and the rich he hath tent empty away- — Luke 1:53. Riches either serve or govern the possessor.—Horace. From tke Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO iThe Californian. this dale. 1034) Purchase of sh.eep and goats In Kern county at $2. and $2.40 a head, respectively, by^the Agricultural Adjustment Administration has been authorised. Cody Robertson, 17 year old youth, was bitten twice on the right hand this morning by the severed head of a rattlesnake. He is at Kern General Hospital. Dr. Joe Smith has purchased the Hermitage at a reputed price of $27.000. Mr. and Mrs. Leslie Robinson have announced the birth of twin daughters. The home of Ella T. Huskie on Beardsley avenue was saved by the quick work of a fire fighting- crew of the state . ranger's office last night. In an effort to control the epidemic of infantile paralysis churches of Arvin district have been closed. TWENTY YEARS A(!O (The Callforninn, this date. 1S24) A Modesto farmer appealed to D. IT. Bitner to sell his hogs for him. The manager of the marketing association accepted the request with his usual courtesy. In the meantime the farmer had disposed of his hogs to another buyer. Mr. Bitner reports that he received a letter thanking him for his "trouble" enclosing a $2. r > "commission." Joseph Redlick Is an enthusiastic supporter of the $1,500,0(10 Municipal Water District bond election September 4. Tom Hebst, employe of Midland OH Company of Wheeler Ridge, was injured this morning when a rotary brake drum exploded where he was working. An Iowa reunion was held Thursday night at the home of Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Corson north of Delano. Adolph Kieschenman has picked IS tons of grapes from his six acres. Net returns have averaged $85 per ton. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1914) In an effort to increase efficiency of the West Side fire force, West Side businessmen conferred with L. R. Bechannan last night. Miller, Shields and Chenoweth seem to be ahead for the offices of clerk, treasurer and county superintendent. Dove sejfson will open in Kern county tomorrow and game wardens are expecting an exodus of hunters. A pageant will be the climax of Barnum and Bailey's big show which is due here September 12. Mr. and Mrs. .T. R. Dorsey who are at the Eagles' convention in Kansas City are expected home Saturday. Germany is summoning school boys to service, it is reported; German resistance is broken in East Prussia by the Russians. France may move its governmental offices to the city of Bordeaux as the Kaiser's airplanes are raining'fire on the French capital. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1904) T/owden Bell is in from Buttonwillow. Andy Silver and family have returned from Greenhorn where Mr. Silver killed a large buck. Johnny Jones, driver of the fire engine, is now out of danger after a long siege with typhoid fever. George Haberfelde, the furniture man, has decided to take two pairs of trousers with him when he goes camping, having lost a pair In a cloud burst and flood at Tejon canyon during the recent storm. The trousers were swept away down the river during the night. One of the campers saved the day by fishing up a pair of old overalls. There is a report in Tokyo today that the Japanese captured Laio Yang. Associated Oil Company has contracted for 300,000 barrels of oil at McKittrick, which is now being delivered. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1894) In honor of Congressman Bow.ers and his party a torchlight procession will be held this evening. Bicycle riders, horsemen, colored club members and scores of 4 other units will form on Chester avenue. Judge J. S. Robinson will mnke his home in Oakland, returning frequently to Bakersfield on business trips. Snow was visible on the mountains yesterday. The old post office room is being neatly papered. The Reverend L. A. Greene preached his last sermon here yesterday. He leaves for conference this weak and will not -return. Judge Mahon and Jeff Packard have contributed to the Salvation Army fund. Fred Fickert was down from Bear Valley today. SO THEY SAY Our insistence on victory reClects our profound unwillingness to entrust our future to the enemy or to place any faith in his capacity to effect a tolerable settlement. This same insistence, however, imposes on us the obligation to prove that we can effect a settlement conducive to the future well-being of mankind. Dr. Everett Case, president Colgate University, It Is my view that the most Important provision which i)an be made by the Congress and thfe American people for the future defense of the nation is a system of universay military training.—Secretary 'pf War Henry L. Stimson. \ If the conflicting political Ussues remain, a new war Is inevltable\ The harshness of conditions presented to the vanquished can postpone, but never prevent a new war.—Berlin foreign office. PEN SHAPES Just' about the time you've learned to tell a good, ripe cantaloupe the season will be over. The man who stole a beaver from the zoo so he'd have a pet probably will face the charge of petty larceny. Cutting of the national coal supply is said by some to have been a miner operation. How do the girla manage to keep thimbles pn over those long fingernails? The same rule holds in wartime: People who are on the nevel often get to the top. Wpnder if the billboards are still out there along the country roads? ews .IIK IWS -(By PAUL, MALLON)- WASHIXGTOX, Aug. 30.—War department, American Legion, and others, seeing how our nation was recently near destruction because of its military deficiencies, are pushing: compulsory military training. Bills have been Introduced in Congress .to require each American youth, like the Europeans tor many generations past, to serve a year or so In the army. The women leaders, who have always killed such proposals, aie promoting a new substitute this time. I heard a woman organization leader advocate it on the radio. Mrs. Roosevelt, I believe, has spoken and written in favor of it, as have some other feminine public counselors. They want to train the youth in a non-military way under federal auspices with the money of the state, to make them "good democratic citizens." I do not believe these women have lent much thought to their proposal which springs from their natural love of peace and revulsion against things military. We need a military force—so we train one In "citizenship." Can trtey really believe the nation could have been saved against the Nazis if the youth had Just been "good democratic citizens" and not good soldiers? What could good citizenship have done at Pearl Harbor? Any soldier will tell his mother that the best trained soldier has the best expectancy of life. It Is the poorly trained citizen soldier who is least able to protect himself in a fight. Everyone seems agreed we need military training of a larger section of our youth than formerly. We need it for love of our country and its ideals, and the protection of both in this world, such as it Is. We need it more than ever because protection rests upon mastery of mechanical deVices such as planes and tanks. The proposal of the ladies would defeat the purpose of what we agree we need. It is much worse than that, because it proposes to have the federal government take over the minds and bodies of the youth in their formative period, not for defense of the country which is their common obligation to the state, but for political education. Is this not democratic Hitlerism? •What is the real difference in method, between drafting youth for camp education in citizenship, and the Hitler and Mussolini youth movements and youth camps? The war department, legion, et al, have a similar weakness in their proposal. They want the training we need to be accomplished by compulsion on the citizen, arguing that otherwise the youth would not join in the program. Has democracy then failed, even in victory? I think not. Only the ingenuity of a democratic people has failed. Only the devotion and serv- ice of our leaders to democra theories has failed. If the war department, the Leg! and the ladies all turned tl. thoughts away from these cunv sloughs of dictatorial Imitation, * sought democratic methods of atta ing their objectives, they could ha agreed upon a method by now. _;. can think of some democratic w; it could surely be done 1 . Treble or quadruple the size West 'Point and Annapolis, for < first thing. Allow each senator appoint 10 or more boys from ho' (by democratic examination metht only) to these free schools of ni tary training. If I know the American you there would still be a waiting line . both schools, and many boys ear! would select high school subje which would prepare them for eu. schools. Offer the subjects in the h schools which will enable such per ration to those who are inclined ward engineering, aviation, mech. , ics. You can even have a rese; * officers training corps, in i schools, under an army officer, 1 do this in the democratic way. Don't force all youths into th ventures. In addition to being i American, It is unwise. Those w wish to go into such lines will dei to make the best of their opport ity for a free education. The same education will be was on the others who do not want Herding these in by compul? would merely give you a bad ai numbers, not effectiveness. If you want camps for milit; training for others, let the govt ment make these attractive enou , to youth to invite their interest it partipicatlon. Do not go back to old army salary of $30 a month. L • salaries of defense service up as 1 as you need men for defense. M> the defense services of this coun honorable professions, such as B ain has always made her navy. '1 not revert to the popular scorn military duty. These three simple democre -1 methods without compulsions p sibly would give the army and n* more men each year than they wi or could handle, in my opinion, not, there are other ways, which i experts could devise—not to pamj • the youth with glorified CCC car, •' and WPAs, but in the offering commonsense opportunities wher the youth may advance themselve.- • Our trouble is our leaders are > even trying democratic methods thinking of democratic ways, but both sides of most questions wish compromise with ways they shot -J despise. Let them turn their thoughts ward bulwarking the methods of t republic, toward making its meth efficient, and away from sly com) sions to do the very things Hh did, and thus profaning the name democracy. (World copyright, 1044, by Kins Features illcate. Inc. Al! rights reserved. Reproduce in full or ta uart strictly prohibited.) (By THOMAS M. JOHNSON) While both houses of Congress are debating bills to control disposal of multi-billion-dollar war supply surpluses, army, navy, War Production Board and War Manpower Commission are fighting to get production on military shortages to take care ot needs of troops at the fronts. That big difference doesn't make sense to most people. What interests the average patriotic citizen concerned with having the war won at the earliest possible moment Is: Why should there be any shortages at all? Was it bad management, bad planning, bad generalship, bad government, bad labor, bad public on the home front? The answers would seem to be a combination of them all. The seven serious shortages—in tanks, heavy trucks, heavy duty tires, heavy artillery, big bombs, big shells, aircraft radar—can't be explained away by any simple reason. Take heavy-duty trucks. Army procurement officers had the daylights lambasted out of them in a special report by the Senate war investigating committee for ordering too many trucks. Still there are shortages. The bottleneck is in the foundries where castings are made for engine blocks, axles, transmissions, parts. For two months or more the War Manpower Commission has been trying to recruit additional workers. But the work Is heavy, the pay is not tops and in the hot summer months foundry workers are inclined to take layoffs because their Jobs are dirty and disagreeable. . Tank production is off because. In the first place, tank production was curtailed when the slowed-up Italian campaign indicated that tanks were not the Ideal weapons for mountain country fighting. Accelerated movements in Italy today and the open warfare of northern France have changed that concept. Similarly, big field guns—eight- inch rifles, 240 mm. howitzers—have been called into greater use than the generals had at first calculated. It has taken heavy, long-range artillery—not aircraft—to blast the Ger- mans loose from heavily fortit positions. The army moved ]. January to step up big gun outp but the new facilities are just ing Into production now. More big guns, fired faster, h. stepped up need for big shells. O a year ago the army cut back production of small arms ammt tlon in a number of arsenals, plants themselves were kept in stand-by condition but they w not converted to making the stuff as soon as they might ht been. Doubling the rate of fire J bread deadlocks at Anzio and Normandy illustrates the need. As to bombs, there were suppo to be bombs running out of eve> body's ears. But nearly every pit is a bomber now, and shortening range of missions by establish: bases behind the lines in Fra,.) with consequent increase in bo.l load and number of sorties f has stepped up demand. Aircraft radar production is a n industry and many of its difficult and shortages are common to needs of any new boom busim Technical improvements have slot up assembly lines. The industry concentrated largely in the ChiCM. area, where the manpower all * tion has not been of the best. Ma 1 j women have been employed, p scales -are comparatively low e new workers haven't been attract,! So good is the .war news that ' old patriotic appeals to do someth about all' these tight situations on deaf ears. Speed-up products.J teams of engineers, personnel nrr»' labor relations men are frequent], J stymied—as in the San Franclso. I machine shops where labor refuse !\ to work overtime, or In the Akro- ,, tire factories, where labor has refused to move _ faster. Wage rates can't be raised fu * fear of toppling the whole wri**] stabilization structure. Blaming ge I erals or production officials for laoil of foresight on some of the planning does no good at this stage of th.. game. * The need Is for an incentive—a new incentive—to push the war to quick, not a dragged-out ending. mestioiis and A nswers Q. Is it possible to have the body of a sailor sent home for burial from any of the theaters of war?— F. L. D. A. The Navy Department says that during the present war bodies of deceased naval personnel will not be returned to continental United States where death occurs outside continental United States. At the termination of hostilities every effort will be made to return such bodies where the next of kin so requests, Q. What was the greatest natural disaster in history?—O. C. E. A. The earthquake which occurred in Japan in 1923 Is of ten. regarded as .the worlds greatest natural catastrophe. Over one-third of Tokyo was destroyed and -all of Yokohama. Q. What is the most densly populated continent?—K. E. L. A. Europe, with 141 people per square mile of land, outrank* all other continents in population density. Q. How tall Is the Princess Elizabeth of England?—D. F. E. A,,At OM?Jatest report she was 5 feet 6 # Inches tall. Q. How many persons have ceeded in swimming across the J llsh Channel?—F. K. C. A. Frank Menke in his Encyt pedia of Sports says that Webb t 3j Boy n ton made the swim in 1875 Thomas W. Burgess in 1911. JJir.J Burgess' day there have been m than 100 attempts to swim the ch nel and the record shows that feat has been accomplished times altogether. Q. Does the army serial num' indicate whether an officer Is a m her of the United States Army or Army of the United States?—T. E. A. If the number is below a digit number, it indicates the States Army. If the number toy tains six or more digits, It Indlca'J one of the reserve components an emergency officer. . Q. At what time of flay is the t<?' perature usually the highest in sin mer?—L. P. V. A. Highest temperature Is usua not registered until two to f hours aftyr noon. A rwder eta (H th» umnr to u>* fluett i of Uct bjr. writlni Ttw Btk*nfl«l<| Callfore Information Miiruu, 110 Bye BtHft, K, . WuhiaitaB. 8. P. C. PU*M MctoM UJ(M < uou in ttdr. ^^ • K/*' '3

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