The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on April 24, 2001 · Page 13
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 13

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Salina, Kansas
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Tuesday, April 24, 2001
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Page 13
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TUESDAY APRIL 24, 2001 THE SAUNA JOURNAL AIDS/C2 CLASSIFED / C3 ALMANAC / C8 T HEART ATTACKS Action in Heartbeat saves lives Heart association pushes effort to get defibrillators installed in public places By KARA RHODES The Siilina Journal TOM DORSEY / The Salina Journal The Kansas Highway Patrol Training Center keeps an automated external defibrillator on hand. John McElroy walked through the front doors of the Kansas Highway Patrol's Training Academy in Salina on Dec. 30, 1998. A special agent for the Kansas Bureau of Investigation who lived in Topeka, McElroy was simply picking up some equipment and returning home. The heart attack hit quickly "I just up and died," he said. With troopers onsite familiar with CPR and with an ambulance just six blocks away, McElroy's life was saved against the odds. The CPR kept his circulation going This is one of a continuing series of stories about heart disease, the state's leading cause of death, that will appear over the next year. until the ambulance arrived. Paramedics shocked him four times on the way to the hospital, where he spent the next 13 days. People who suffer sudden cardiac arrest have only a 5 percent chance of surviving. Having care so quickly put McElroy into that 5 percent, he's convinced. That's why he supports the American Heart Association's Operation Heartbeat, a national, community- based initiative to improve the sudden cardiac arrest survival rate, said LaNita Smith, the public health and safety coordinator at Hutchinson Community College. She is chairwoman of the Operation Heartbeat program in Hutchinson. "The No. 1 cause of death in our nation is cardiac arrest," Smith said. "The majority of those cardiac arrests occur in a prehospital setting." That means help for a victim needs to begin before emergency personnel arrive on the scene. She explained Operation Heartbeat focuses on a sequence of actions called the "chain of survival." The chain includes early access, which means rec­ ognizing warning signs of sudden cardiac arrest; early CPR, which keeps blood pumping to a victim's heart and brain until help arrives; and early defibrillation using an electric shock. Automated external defibrillators, placed throughout the community where people gather, can substantially improve the cardiac arrest survival rate, she said. They're beginning to catch on in places: After McElroy's heart attack, the Kansas Highway Patrol bought an automated external defibrillator, said Training Sgt. Michelle Southard. Last summer, a community fund started by physicians raised enough money to buy two of the automated defibrillators for Hutchinson golf courses. Soon, airlines wiU be required to have automated defibrillators on each plane. See HEART, Page C2 FITNESS Exercisers in Chief World leaders head the charge in striving for fitness By CALVIN WOODWARD The Associated Press In the White House, the clank of free weights and hum of the treadmill mean President Bush is working out. Mornings in Bangladesh find Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina limbering up, too. She's up early to practice yoga. After a splash of water on her face and feet, she is ready for prayers and her nation's business. In Moscow, it's more of the same, with a twist. President Vladimir Putin says he swims in the morning, like many leaders. But his physical rituals peak on the judo mat; he has a black belt. Whether on the squash courts of Egypt, the tennis courts of Britain or in the Tigris River of Iraq, leaders are huffing and puffing to get in shape or stay that way. Government can be girth-expanding for the world's pampered VIPs. But a determination to emphasize vigor over vittles knows no borders. These days, any leader worth his salt has to break a sweat. So it seemed when a dozen Associated Press reporters around the world looked into the exercise regimens of national leaders. A workout for Bush Bush, 54, has a routine that includes 155 pounds on the bench press for his biceps and chest, the same weight on the lateral pulldown for his back, and three sets of 10 curls each with free weights, says Anne Womack, his spokeswoman. Plus, he tries to run four times a week and can cover a mile in a brisk 7 minutes, 30 seconds, inside the house or out. "The brother's doing all right," said an impressed Marques Haden, assistant manager of a Bally's gym in Washington, scanning the president's workout list. "Keeps you pumped up. "He can run faster than some guys I play football with." Leaders seem trimmer than in the years of tottering Soviet leaders and plump Westerners, epitomized by former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, a cookbook author and renowned feaster who weighed 365 pounds in 1998, the year he was defeated. Photos by The Associated Press Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien shows his mettle by white-water rafting in 2000 on the Ottawa River. LEFT: Iraqi President Saddam Hussein (front) swims in the Tigris River in 1997 to show his vigor on his 60th birthday. See CHIEFS, Page 02 RIGHT: Russian President Vladimir Putin, who has a blacl< belt in judo, is thrown by a 10-year-old Japanese girl a September demonstration in Tol<yo. BRIEFLY Presentation offered on heart-healthy food Find out how tasty heart- healthy food can be by attending the "Cooking Lite: South of the Border" presentation May 8 at Salina Regional Health Center. Ann Schneider, a registered dietitian, will teach participants ways to add variety and flavor to a diet that is low in fat and sodium by taking original Mexican recipes and modifying them to lower the sodium, fat and cholesterol content. Registration will begin at 11 a.m. A low-fat "South of the Border" meal will be served at 11:30 a.m., and the program will begin at noon and end at 1:30 p.m. The program costs $5. The presentation will be in Conference Rooms 1 and 2 at the Penn Campus. To register, mail a check payable to Salina Regional Health Center, Education Department, along with the names of those attending.be- fore May 7. For more information, call 452-7834. 'Ecstasy' use may cause memory loss Long-term users of the dance-party drug "ecstasy" are at high risk of memory loss, according to a new study The synthetic, psychoactive drug has both stimulant and hallucinogenic properties. It is most heavily used among 18- to 25-year-olds, often in combination with marijuana, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. According to an annual survey of teen drug use by the institute, 11 percent of high- school seniors had used the drug, and 3.6 percent had used it in the past month. In the new study the 15 participants told investigators they were taking the drug an average of 2.4 times a month. The drug, which has the chemical name of methylene- dioxymethamphetamine, affects the hippocampus, the part of the brain associated with learning and consolidation of new memories. "For those who use ecstasy , repeatedly, we have prelimi- / nary evidence to suggest that memory process can be impaired with continued use of the drug," said Konstantine Zakzanis, a professor at the University of Toronto who coauthored the study published in the journal Neurology From Staff and Wire Reports TEAR TUBES Ear tubes may not enhance children's speech development study also finds delaying insertion of tubes not detrimental By STEPHANIE NANO The Associated Press Implanting ear tubes — an operation done on hundreds of thousands of toddlers each year — does not appear to improve their speech and learning development and may not be worth the risks and the cost, a study suggests. The tiny tubes are inserted in the eardrums to help clear the fluid that can build up in a child's middle ear during an infection and to prevent further infections. Because the fluid can cause hearing loss, there is concern the child's speech, language and other development will suffer if the fluid persists for weeks or months. But whether that hearing loss harms development is not certain; previous studies have produced inconsistent results. In a study in the April 19 New England Journal of Medicine, researchers in Pittsburgh looked at two groups of toddlers: those who got ear tubes after three months of fluid in their ears — the standard guideline — and those who waited up to nine months before tubes were inserted. The children were tested for speech, language, learning and behavior when they turned 3. "The bottom line was there wasn't any difference in the developmental outcomes as best we could measure them at age 3," said Dr Jack Paradise of Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. The study looked only at children who were candidates for tubes because of lingering fluid, not specifically to relieve chronic infections. It was funded by the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and two drug makers, SmithKline Beecham Laboratories and Pfizer. The researchers cautioned that longer periods of fluid or more severe hearing loss than those studied could affect development, and problems not apparent at age 3 might surface later. Paradise said the children were tested at 4, and the results are being analyzed. Testing at 6 is under way The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery estimates 700,000 children undergo the procedure each year at an estimated cost of $2,000. A New York pediatric oto­ laryngologist, Dr Max April, said the Pittsburgh study was narrowly focused. He noted about half of aU tubes inserted are because the child has repeated ear infections, and the study did not look at infections. Re-evaluating An operation performed on toddlers to clear _ „ the fluid that can build up In the middle ear may ear worth the risks involved, according to a A ventilating tube —' IS Implanted to Ear '— Middle / drain fluid drum ear buildup. (c ( I a Eustfici'iiar! tui :;6 SOURCES: American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery: New England Journal of Medicine AP SUGGESTIONS? CALL BRET WALLACE, ASSISTANT EDITOR, AT 823-6363 OR 1-800-827-6363 OR E-MAIL AT sjbwallace@saljournaLcom

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