The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on February 2, 1986 · Page 15
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 15

Salina, Kansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, February 2, 1986
Page 15
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The Salina Journal Sunday, February 2,1986 Page 15 High-fiber diet could prevent diverticular disease ByJANEE.BRODY N.Y. Times News Service NEW YORK - Civilization, as we know it in affluent Western cultures, has brought many medical benefits, including control over most once- fatal infectious diseases, and has created a few serious health problems, including coronary heart disease, lung cancer and high blood pressure. Personal health But there is one extremely common disorder of Western civilization that most victims don't even know they have until it becomes serious. The disorder, called diverticu- losis, occurs when pouches form in the colon, sometimes becoming inflamed and causing severe pain, infection or bleeding. Before this century, diverticulosis and its inflamed stage, diverticulitis, were rare. Today they are still rare in nonindustrial societies and among people who still consume a "peasant" diet high in roughage. But in this country, studies have indicated that one-third of the people over the age of 45 and two-thirds of those over 60 have diverticular disease. Women are more likely than men to have this condition, perhaps because many of them avoid eating bulk-producing foods and drinking the water needed to maintain normal Disorder hospitalizes 200,000 Americans annually By The New York Times Fortunately, only about 10 to 25 percent of people with diverticuli ever develop divert- iculitis, and most of these suffer debilitating but not life-threatening complications that can be treated without surgery. Still, the disease is costly, hospitalizing 200,000 Americans yearly at a health-care cost approaching half a billion dollars. Although most people with diverticulosis have no symptoms, the disorder sometimes causes alternating constipation and diarrhea, ex- cessive gas and pain, usually in the lower left part of the abdomen (it is sometimes called "left-sided appendicitis") because most divert- iculi occur in the last segment of the colon just before it connects to the rectum. The symptoms of diverticulitis are usually more dramatic — cramping pain in the lower left abdomen with nausea, vomiting, fever (if infection is present) and often changes in bowel habits. Sometimes bleeding occurs from the rectum. Such symptoms should be brought to a physician's attention. servings of whole bran cereal daily. Most people develop bloating and excessive gas when consuming this amount of bran, but these symptoms nearly always subside after four to six weeks of daily bran consumption. For patients with an attack of di- verticulitis, a high-fiber diet should be avoided until the inflammation subsides. Sometimes the bowel must be totally rested and the patient placed temporarily on a liquid diet or intravenous feeding. Various drugs may be used to control infection, relieve pain and reduce bowel spasms. Occasionally, surgery is needed, and sometimes the diseased part of the colon must be removed to prevent serious recurrent attacks. bowel action. While the precise cause or causes are not fully defined, the disease is strongly linked to a diet low in fiber and to resulting constipation and perhaps to the use and abuse of laxatives. The importance of dietary fiber in preventing diverticular disease is strongly suggested by the fact that deaths from diverticulitis in England and Wales increased steadily from 1923 to 1963 (as more and more refined foods and animal products were eaten), except during the war years, when rationing forced the British to eat much larger amounts of whole grains, fruits and vegetables than usual. Vegetarians in Oxford were shown to have a much lower frequency of In town or in the saddle, nothing beats the comfort and good looks of Levi's Saddleman Boot Jeans—cut a little wider at the bottom to fit easy over boots. Make yours Saddleman Boot Jeans—by Levi's. Levis 4 Days Only Mon.-Thur. i9/ SADDLEMAN BOOT JEANS Waist Sizes 28-40 18 TUFF THREADS diverticulosis than meat-eating urban dwellers, whose diets were lower in fiber. In studies of Japanese who have migrated to Hawaii, medical researchers have found that as they consume a more Western diet, their incidence of diverticular disease rises dramatically. The lack of bulk in the digestive tract, normally provided by such high-fiber foods as unrefined grains, vegetables and fruits, produces abnormally high pressures in the bowel. The result can cause bulges to form at weak points. The action is similar to what can happen to a garden hose that has a weak spot. Contrary to what some people assume, the bowel has a far easier time passing large, bulky stools than small, compact ones. The bowel contracts smoothly and easily to move bulky wastes down the tract but must exert abnormal and uneven pressure when bowel contents lack bulk. The result can be bowel spasms that are painful and damaging to the bowel wall. These pockets of high pressure may then cause bulges, or divert- iculi, to form in weakened areas. Diverticuli have narrow, pinched openings into the bowel cavity, and particles of waste material are sometimes trapped in them. The result can be infection and erosion of surrounding tissue, including abscesses that invade blood vessels and the urinary tract. In the most severe complications, serious hemorrhage or life-threatening peritonitis can result. Diagnosis is sometimes tricky. A barium enema is the most common technique, but sometimes divert- icular disease is hidden or confused with other bowel disorders, such as colon cancer or inflammatory bowel disease. Occasionally, accurate diagnosis requires colonoscopy, in which a narrow tube is inserted through the rectum to provide a view of the affected area. Once diverticuli form, they are permanent, although they may shrink. The usual treatment for di- verticulosis is a diet high in fiber, usually in the form of unprocessed wheat bran but also including oat bran, other whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Foods such as bran, carrots, apples and oranges hold water in the colon, thus making the colon contents softer and bulkier. Salad greens are also helpful because of their high-water content. Occasionally, for patients unable to eat the recommended foods in adequate amounts, fiber is provided through bulk-producing medicinal supplements, such as Met- amucil, a fibrous extract of psyllium seeds. However, most experts recommend that patients with diverticular disease avoid foods containing hard seeds or particles that could become lodged in the pouches (such as tomatoes, popcorn, nuts, grapes that have seeds, figs, strawberries, raspberries and breads containing poppy, sesame or caraway seeds). Though eating high-fiber foods has not been proved to prevent divert- iculosis and its progression to divert- iculitis, most experts presume such a benefit. Several preliminary studies have indeed shown a lower risk of diverticular attacks in people who eat a high-fiber diet. It is also wise to increase dietary fiber gradually to avoid digestive upheaval. Slowly work up to a level of 10 to 25 grams of unprocessed bran a day. That's the amount in approximately two to four tablespoons of miller's bran, which can be included in cereals, breads, muffins, soups, meat loaf and other foods. The same amount of bran fiber would be supplied by five slices of whole wheat bread or about two BALLOONS J VALENTINE SPECIALS 1. "THE ULTIMATE" 3 ft. mylar balloon, three IS" ins '.ar balloons •ith basket, plush animal, boxed chocolates Beg. $35 ONLY *29.95 2. "New Medium 26" Mylar Balloon" 5lus 3 treated laytex balloons attacbed to a larling plush pocket bear. A^ Heg. $19 ONLY S 15.95 3. 5—Mylar Balloons ^ of your choice attached to a cuddly plush animal or null; with candy „ _ _ „ _ Hcg. $20 ONLY * 1 4 .*f 9 4. 3—Mylar Balloons of your choice with a cuddly plush or mug with candy A -• A r^ mr neg.$U.50 ONLY J.<£«*PO LET US "MAIL-A-BALLOON" TO YOUR OUT-OF- TOWN FRIENDS ONLY * 12 . 95 Choose one of our specials or design your own. Prices to fit everyone's budget! Balloon Menagerie HISS. 9th Salina, Ks. 827-1379 Hours: M-F 9-5:30, Sat. 9-3 Free Delivery In Salina Myth, astronomy contribute to capital city structure ROCHESTER, N.Y. (AP) — Myth length. 121 S. Santa Fe 9:30-5:30 Mon.-Sat. and astronomy were probably taken into account when the ancient Aztec Indians built their capital city and major temple in what is now Mexico City. Measurements made of the ruins of the Templo Mayor, the chief Aztec temple, indicated the Aztecs aligned their temple in order to accurately measure the equinoxes — the times when night and day are of equal Other work by Edward Calnek of the University of Rochester and colleagues indicate the temple and the surrounding street grid of the capital city were located and oriented on the basis of sightings to surrounding mountains that figured prominently in Aztec myth. SPRING & SUMMER '86 The staff of Academy of Hair Design & the Continental Beauty Salon recently had a workshop on New Spring and Summer Wavelength Fashions. This workshop was presented by top professionals in the field of hair design. We're sure you'll love them. "The Wavelength Collection," is the newest style featuring long hair or short hair for both men & women. An in-between cut simply isn't on the fashion horizon this new fashion season. CONTINENTAL BEAUTY SALON 1113 E.Crawford 823-3709 YOUNG WORLD'S ENTIRE STOCK GIGANTIC WINTER CLEARANCE* •Sweaters •Blouses •Sportswear •Dresses • Robes •Gowns •PJ's •Hats •Scarves •Belts •Jewelry •Winter Coats *A11 Weather Coats Infants' >Girls' & Boys' 2 Thru 6X •Girls' & Boys' 7 Thru 14 * All Regular Stock Merchandise «None Purchased For Sale 3L Cricket vnop Downtown Salina ORIGINAL PRICE TERRIFIC VALUES THROUGHOUT THE STORE! /-\ YOUNG WORLD SUNSKT 1 J l .AZA ' M»n.-Sat. !)::{|)-r> : :{0, Tluirs. 'til S

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