Prison Guards Do Lonely 4 Jail Stretch' With Convicts (C) 1971 N.Y. Times News Service POINT OF THE MOUNTAIN, Utah — L. E. BircheU is 56 years old, and he has spent most of his adult life locked up with convicted criminals "In my 21 years here," he says, "You might say that I've done a seven-year stretch on eight- hour shifts." He is captain of the guard at the Utah State Penitentiary here 95 miles south of Salt Lake City. In his time he has done most of the jobs in t h e prison. He has spent the long, lone- Farm and Fancy Farmers Aren't Bugged By Job Security Worries By JANE BAUMAN Harvest Festival Week begins October 3. But around! here it's planting time for wheat farmers who hope to finish in tune to celebrate Harvest Festival by whipping up more ensilage or maybe harvesting some milo. Might even quit e a r 1 y : enough to watch NFL football and the World] Series. Anyway, whatever your fairmer is doing, lie's in a hurry. Which makes you stomp a bit faster, too. It brings to mind a remark j our coastal city - reared friends often make: "Well, Jane, now that your boys are gone and you don't work, what do you do on the farm all day long?" Bauman You know, I wonder about that too these nights when I reluctantly switch off Cavett because I'm too bushed to wait to hear B. F. Skinner. To other Ulan farm-related persons, what tractor-drivers' wives do isn't easy to explain, because farmers work by disruptive spurts. Take yesterday: As a super - beautiful sunrise slanted its rosy shaft across the kitchen, it silver-plated tiny lint flecks on the breakfast table and spotlighted an overflow of over-ripe tomatoes against the white cupboard tile. It also shone its glow oh cat- paw smears down the dishwasher door and haloed seed wheat on the floor. Canning, Cleaning Plans So, I planned canning and cleaning chores, but Pappy said, "Say, Momie, I want you to move me from the Old Place, and then take me to town to get that truck load of cleaned seed wheat. Won't take you 20 minutes." It didn't. It took 65 minutes. . . Move The Truck Then, after lunch, Pappy studied his watch and nodded, "Yeah, I ought to finish that east patch by 4. You be there to move the truck." At 4:05 in the pickup, I spotted Pappy tractoring toward the road. Wow! I thought, I'm in luck. Usually when I pick him up for any reason, I arrive just as he heads away for another half-mile row delay. But I was "off" yesterday, too!. Between the freshly drilled damp earth and the drier unworked earth I could see that Pappy had at least three more rows to go to finish the field. But I always grab something to read on my way to these hurry-up-and'-wait chauffeur chores. So I finished an interesting section in October "Atlantic" titled "Work In America." It related the detailed, personal daily routine of assembly line workers, a garbage man, a telephone operator, a veterinarian, and corporate men. A management consultant discussed the frequent, job-fearful insecurity of corporate men: "It's sad," he said. "Sometimes I wish I were a novelist, when I see what these people go through. It's not uncommon to have men hiding in a stall in the men's room with their feet up hoping to hear someone talking about them." I thought: Lord, I'm glad Pappy isn't a corporate man. He would NEVER cower in the men's room with his feet off the floor waiting to hear his boss' opinion of HIM. No Siree! That's why he never made chief in the Navy. The report ran on: "A mark of corporate success now, for young men is to 'make- your-age,' that is to earn a salary in thousands of dollars to equal your age in years. Thirty-two is felt to be a nice moment to hit this stride." Well, that doesn't bug most farmers much, because at the "age" that matched their present incomes, they were too young to work—against the law. The article made me glad "we" farm. I like unclocked coffee breaks and serving cold ham loaf and recycled potatoes for Pappy's late suppers. After which he chuckles in the "men's room" over Beetle Bailey. Yep! Farming is one occupation where you aren't bugged much by job-insecurity. You are simply your own peon at any age —or income. ly, boring hours in the gun towars. He has walked through the crowds of prisoners in the yard, his tall, straight figure looming above the crowd in denims. Once he steadied a man's arm to hold him erect so he would fall straight and his neck would be snapped in a hanging. Birchell is not a typical guard, nor is his a typical prison. No guard, nor any prison is typical in these days when murders, riots and revolts are occurring in prisons in California and New York and tensions are high elsewhere. But Birchell's experiences are shared by thousands of other guards across the nation. Prison guards spend their working hours surrounded by hate, and many of them are constantly afraid. They are underpaid, and few have adequate training. The men whom they hold in custody are bitter, repressed and resentful of the system. And, as Birchell said, the guards are in jail with the convicts. Why do Stay? they stay in jail? These are the only jobs some could get. Others are caught in inertia, and fear the economic uncertaintites of other employment. Some enjoy the authority of their position. Some feel they are able to help rehabilitate prisoners. Statistically, one out of two guards is a high school graduate; one out of six did not finish high school. There is no upper age limit on Iheir hiring, and as a group they are middle- aged. Almost all of them are white, and in some states all guards are white. Three out of four of them make less than $650 a month. Many are retired from other careers such as the military. The guards tend to be taciturn, and this makes it difficult to draw a profile of their self • image. They resent some of the things said about them and feel it is unfair that they should be blamad for the prisoners many of them plight. And dislike being called "guards", preferring the euphemism "correctional officer." Last April Allan Berman of the University of Rhode Island said that a study he had made showed many similarities in the mental attitudes of guards and prisoners. Berman, reporting to an east- e r n psychology Association meeting in New York, said he had examined 100 applicants for jobs in the Rhode Island prison and found that their responses "would indicate that correctional office candidates, like inmates, show emotional shallow- Page 5 The Hutchinson News Sunday, October 3,1971 ness, alienation from social :ustoms, and relative inability to profit from social sanctions." Lowers Room Rates Due to Freeze ANNAPOLIS, Md. (AP) Anne Arundel General Hospital, putting off employe pay raises because of President Nixon's national wage-price freeze, has reduced its room rates by $1 per day. "If we raise rates when costs go up, we believe we should lower them when expected expenses do not occur," explained Shelburne H. Walker, hospital president. New Program Helps Decline The Welfare FRANKFORT, Ky. (AP) Kentucky reports its welfare rolls down by 4,300 persons from April 1970 to March 1971. Spokesmen said part of the decline is due to a program under which private citizens help find work for qualified welfare clients, Bee Postage Rises SYDNEY (AP) — The sting in the latest Australian budget: Postage for "bees in separate bags" will rise from 33 cents to 56 cents. Ranch Income Down By DON KENDALL AP Farm Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - A government study of Southwestern ranch operations last year shows how drought can bite deeply into cattlemen's profits when herd production drops and feed expenses soar. The report, by the Economic Research Service in the Agriculture Department, says net returns to ranchers dropped an average of 18 per cent last year to $10,030 per ranch, compared withj?12,174 in 1969 Ranches in a 34-county area of West Texas, southern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona were sampled for the survey. Typically, the ranches produce calves for conditioning and feeding by other operators. The reports said an average ranch in the area has about 300 cows which produce about 260 calves a year. Despite good prices for calves last year, the report said, low production and high feed costs offset market advantages. Ranchers had planned to keep back a large number o: steer calves from 1969 and sel them last year at heaviei weights. "Continuation of the drough into 1970, however, forced them to dispose of these animals a. well as almost all steer calves roduced in 1970," the report aid. "Cow numbers per ranch, hich were reduced in 1969, re- nained unusually low in 1970." Calving rates also declined. Tie reduced pasture feed orced supplemental feeding, ut even so the average market veights of calves dropped to 10 pounds for steers and 392 ounds for heifers, compared vith 428 and 408 pounds, re- pectively, in 1969. All told, gross income per anch last year averaged $36,92 compared with $39,526 in 969, the report said. The depressed situation also had its effect on the growth of otal assets, reported at an average of $525,970 per ranch, compared with $519,620 in 1969, an increase of only one per cent. "Changes in land values were mainly responsible for the ranch capital changes," the report said. Feed expenses, including grazing fees for use of federal land, soared one-fifth last year, averaging $9,262 per ranch compared with $7,734 in 1969. Holds The Same Job But Gets New Title INDIANAPOLIS (AP) Mayor Richard G. Lugar's administration is coining in for some kidding about "management of the news." In the city's proposed 1972 budget the title of Robert Beckmann Jr. has been changed from the mayor's public relations director to "public information manager." Burglars Discover The Easy Way SANTA MARIE, Calif. (AP)Burglars tried the hard waj first to steal money from tto wall safe at a local church. Thej chipped cement from aroi the safe. But then they apparentl found a combination in an o fice desk, simply opened the safe and took $702.94, police said Tobacco Goes Up AUCKLAND (AP) - New Zealanders are smoking more. Tobacco consumed in 1970 was equal to 5.49 pounds a head against 5.17 pounds in 1969. Cigarette production rose from 4,675 million in 1969 to 5,082 million in 1970. 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