The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 31, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Thursday, August 31, 1944
Page 1
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YANKS AT BELGIUM •"- <ir -O- -it if ^f ?p ?f 3f _ *£ $f. w ^ jXt ^ . Soviets Enter Rumanian-Held Bucharest THE WK.ITHEK Temperature Hiifli yesterday Low today Kulnfuli Spation (Alrnorl) „_ Voar ago (Airimrt I sViiHon (Land Company) Vi-ar agn (Land Company'.. MUiinfaH figuren u ri» fur col yum- bcginnln? July 1.) Foreraxt T-'urlhor temperature ileiic rlay nnd tonight. Little l-'ridny. ... T ,... T ... T ... T MU- • loan Bo Buy a Bond It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1944 16 PAGES No. 27 Reds at Bulgaria Borders Columns Threaten to Cross Frontier in Pursuit of Germans By HENRY SHAPIRO Vniled Preas Staff Correspondent LONDON, Aug. 31. OJ.E)— The Soviet Second Ukrainian Army drove southward from the blazing oil fields of Ploesti and entered Bucharest today, liquidating the German forces in the northern suburbs who had been fighting their former Rumanian allies for possession of the capital. Premier Josef s/ :in'.s order of the iluy annoiincinsf the achievement i-ijruihcaiitly did not claim tho cup- lure of the Rumanian capital, which lias boeu held by the Rumanians virtually ever .since their king, Michael, declared war on Germany, but said that the Russians had removed the "German threat to Bucharest from the north." The order also directed 24 salvos of Moscow's 324 victory guns- for the troops "who insured the safety o£ the "THImftnttm .enW&l'." > Prior to Stalin's announcement, Bucharest was reported in the bands of Rumanian troops loyal to King Michael, who surrendered Rumania »to the Soviets last week and declared war on the country's former ally. Germany. Reach Bulgaria In the drive down the eastern Rumanian plains, other Soviet columns further east reached the border of Bulgarian-annexed Dobruju and threatened to cross the prewar frontier of Bulgaria itself. Behnid them the Soviet troops left chemical units working feverishly alongside Rumanian engineers to extinguish the blazing Ploesti oil fields. Moscow dispatches .said the area for dozens of miles from the city was enveloped in thick clouds of smoke and flames and that hardly a street of the city itself was untouched by fire. Unprecedented Speed The same sources said the Russians made their drive on Ploesti with unprecedented speed in an attempt to envelop the city before the Germans completed destruction of the oil fields. They arrived in time to help Rumanian troops and the civilian population reduce and confine the conflagration, Moscow reports said. German resistance bad melted almost completely away in the flaming attacks of the Second and Third Soviet Ukrainian armies. More than 15,000 additional prisoners, including the commander of the Seventh German Army Corps and three divisional commanders, were captured yesterday, increasing the total for the whirlwind 12-day Rumanian offensive to 3111,000. Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's Second Army spearheads pushed into the suburbs of Bucharest after a swift advance from the great oil center of Ploesti, HI miles to the north. They had advanced more than 50 miles in the past 24 hours, barely pausing even for sleep. Win Ploesti Fields At Ploesti, the Russians won their most important and cheapest victory Continued on Pa«e TWII —flBlifornian-XEA Telepholo LONE YANK RETURNS—WITH 94« PRISONERS—Milling about in a Forty-fifth Division prisoner of war camp in southern France are !Mi; German.", including 17 officers, who surrendered to Lieutenant Clarence K. Guggins (right) of Poteau, Okla., whom they had captured a short time before. The fast-talking, 24-year-old Oklahoman persuaded the Nazi commander to "give up" by telling him that his men were surrounded, then took the surrender offer over to Allied headquarters to make arrangements for the Germans to lay down their arms and come in their own vehicles. ALLIES BAG 300 JAPANESE SHIPS IN AUGUST; HALMAHERA HIT AGAIN PHILIPPINES APPROACHES GET SOFTENIN6 BLOW; AIR PINCERS ON NIPS SNAPPED WITH IWO RAID SHARP INCREASE IN CASUALTIES 284,838 TOTAL FOR ALL AREAS REPORTED Index to Advertisers I'age Abrams, Dr. R. F :i Arvin Theater „..!:; A&P Stores 11 Auto Repairing in Booth's 4 Brock's o. 8 Citizens Laundry 12 C'offee, Harry 2, Ki Culliton, John W \2 Dewar's Dorman Photo East Side Cleaners Kdwarda, Dr. E. P 4 riickinger-Digier 15 Food City in Fox Theaters 11) French Bakery to French Village i:t Oallen-Kamp's X Goodrich Silvertown Stores 1:1 Granada Theater 1II Ivers Furniture 12 Jan Oarber 13 KERN 12 Leed's Shoes 3 Llm. T 12 Montgomery Ward 4, 5 Phillips Music Co :. C Rialto Theater ,. 13 River Theater IU Sears Roebuck 0, 7 Smith's Farmers Market 11 Union Cemetery 9, 15 U. 8. Employment Service S Victory Shoe Shop...., IS Virginia Theater Kl Weill's i* Winding, Oncar K C •WASHINGTON, Aug. 01. (UR) — Late July's heavy fighting in northern France caused a sharp increase in United States Army casualties, Acting Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson disclosed today, swelling the total for all theaters to 284,838 through August 23. This represented ,m increase of 23,249 over the total reported a week ago. and Patterson said the increase wa:> "largely reflected in the period of heaviest fighting in northern France nea»- the end 01' July." ^Patterson also disclosed that the fighting in southern France, from the landings on August 1.1 through August 24. had cost the Americans 1242 killed or missing and 50'JO wounded — relatively light losses which he said illustrated German weakness in that area. Patterson's announcement brought t() :l4!).52u the number of casualties thu.s far announced here for all services since Pearl Harbor. Navy figures for today show . r j$,35;i navy, marine and coast guard casualties including 23.544 dead. 20,7(11 wounded, 9642 missing and 44IJC prisoners of war. Ol the army total, Patterson listed 53.101 as killed. 142,8118 wounded, 44,043 missing and 44.IDS prisoners of war. Of the wounded, liO,3H have been returned to duty. By LEONARD Afisoeiaied Press War Editor ' Nearly 300 ocean-going ships were knocked out of the Japanese mer- I cliiint and lighting lleets iji August. | A recapitulation of Allied communiques today, with reports for thu | month not yet complete, disclosed at least: 17.") of these were known to he sunk, including 18 combatant vessels. The ligiires do not include more than 5CMI barges, luggers, sampans and river boats sunk or damaged. mostly in China. Communiques today and yesterday listed 30 ships destroyed or crippled. They included 17 by submarines, which sank .12 in August for their biggest month of the war. 65.000 I'nited States Vessels Damaging Nipponese losses contrasted sharply with the report of iNavy Secretary Forrestal that the j I'nited States Navy nas (ifi.OOO ves- I sels including 1150 aircraft carriers, I battleships, cruisers, destroyers and I submarines, with its building program "little more than bail' finished." American bombers, softening up the approaches to the Philippines, delivered their fourth heavy blow within two weeks at the steppingstone Island of Halmahera. In that period .114 tons of explosives blasted Nipponese defenses on the island. "Damage was heavy and widespread," General Douglas MacArthur said, in the latest raid aimed at the heart of the island. Other . southwest Pacific bombers ranged on to strike again at Davao, southernmost important city in the Philippines and a Japanese town even iu prewar days. Pincers on Japan Central and north Pacific alt- forces maintained their threatening aerial pincers on Japan it,self. Liberators were unopposed in a night raid on I wo airfield, 750 miles south of Tokyo. Three Aleutian-based planes were damaged in attacks on Paramushiro. An American observer in China said incessant air battering and the hammering blows of Chinese infantrymen threatened to bog down Japan's drive Into southeast China, designed to bisect China. The Japanese were engaged in bitter fighting 10 miles south of Hengyang Continued on Pate Two Bradley's Men to Take Fight Into Germany EISENHOWER SAYS U. S. GENERAL IN NEW JOB EQUAL TO MONTGOMERY LONDON, Aug. :il. (JP)~ General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery was elevated tonight to the rank of field marshal, effective tomorrow. The war office announced that King George VI had approved the promotion of the hero of the Kl Alamein. who now directs British armies in northern France. Demo Campaignirtg to Open With Truman Talk Tonight LAMAR, Mo., Aug. 31. (UR)—The Democratic party launches its active campaign for a fourth term tonight when its vice-presidential candidate. Senator Harry S. Truman, broadcasts at 7:30 (P. \V. T.I to the nation I from this little town of his birth. i Truman said his address would be | filled with "facts—which include plenty of reasons why the IJemocrats should be re-elect*!.'' i The occasion was Truman's offi- !cial acceptance ot his nomination as | Persident Roosevelt's running mate. j Much significance was placed on i the address as he is expected to "carry the ball" during the campaign. The President has indicated that he will have little time for active campaigning. This was probably the greatest day in the history of Lamar, a community of SOOO which is almost equally divided in political sentiment. Banners adorned the street's and a huge speakers' platform jutted out from the west door of the Barton county courthouse. A crowd of close to 20,000 taxed limited facilities. Only a few of tho oldtimers can remember when the Truman family lived four blocks east of the square. The senator's parents moved to Jackson county when he was 2 years old. FRIENDS IJKLIKVK WILLK1E TO STICK BY REFl HLICAXS NKW YORK Aug. 31 OB— Wendell L. Willkie may keep the Republicans and Democrats guessing until only a few days before the election, but intimate friends here are betting the 1940 G. O. P. presidential nominee will stick with his adopted party. Willkie. who has not said which candidate he will support in November, If, either, admittedly has embarked on a campaign to force both President Roosevelt and Governor Thomas E. Dewey as far out into the open as he can on domestic and foreign issues. He is particularly Interested in those relating to postwar organization to secure future peace. It is the Willkie thesis that the presidential nominees are practical men who want to win an election and to that end desire to avoid as much controversy as possible. Countering this, he has tiled to make them talk on debatable issues. SUPRKMF: ^I OF ALLIED EXPEDITNOARV. FORCE. Aug. 31. W)—General Eisenhower announced today that Lieutenant-General Omar N. Bradley had taken his place as a full field commander of American armies in northern France in equal status to General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery and declared confidently his forces would carry the fight into Germany, inevitably and decisively. Bradley, mild Missouri infantry specialist, hitherto has been officially subordinate to Montgomery who commanded all ground troops in northern France under Eisenhower. Bradley, however, has assumed great stature by directing his First and Third American ar- mien In th<? breakthrough from St. Lo across the Brest peninsula, beyond Paris and to tho approaches of Belgium and Germany. Eisenhower, smiling and bronzed, said operations were five days ahead of schedule. 1-1 is eyes twinkling, Eisenhower stood before a huge battle map of northern France streaked with red arrows of his troop gains toward Belgium and the Rhine and spoke with a firm voice of confidence in victories won and others yet ahead. N. A. M. Head Denies Giving to Campaigns WASHINGTON. Aug. I! I. (UP.) — President Robert .M. Gaylord. of the National Association of Manufacturers, told a congressional investigating committee today that his organization does not contribute to political campaigns in either primaries or general elections and "has used no other means or influence" to aid the election of candidates. Testifying before the House committee on campaign expenditures, Gaylord replied to hints by Chairman Sidney Hillman of the Congress of Industrial Organizations political action committee that organizations like the N. A. M. did contribute to candidates for federal office. 19-Year-Old Inventor Reports for Service SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 31. <.#>— Stanley Aliller, jlt-year-old Berkeley- inventor, reported for induction today following a public demonstration of his home-made helicopter at a city street corner yesterday. Miller, who established a $100,000 a year miniature racii.- car business at the age of 11, designed and built the new type aircraft, which he calls the "Hiller-Copter," with materials obtained through priorities. A series of propeller pitch devices giving lateral and horizontal control of the craft as well as centre! over ascent and descent have been designed military secrets. Slovakia Revolts Nazi Rule Bulgaria and Rumania Peace Conference to Begin in Cairo LONDON, Aug. ."1. <UF(—The Czechoslovak government in London announced today that almost all Slovakia now is in the hands of Czech Patriot forces. LONDON, AUK. 31. 'LIE) — Bulgaria and Hmnania received Allied peace terms in Cairo and Moscow today and fore the week end, collapsing Germany's Balkan front. Revolution broke out in a third Nazi satellite country. The government of the Nazi puppet state of Slovakia admitted that: entire army battalions had joined revolting partisans and said that it had been forced to ask Xa/.i forces to "march in and pacify the country." Reports reaching London said Hlowk patriots hnd occupied (.'mica- (Csac/a t on the Slova-Moravian border. Fierce battles were said to be raging around Zllimi. most important railway junction In central Slovakia, and two other towns on the road from Zilina to Bratislava. •liulgaria to Get Terms A four-man delegation from Bulgaria—first to abandon Germany in World AVar I—arrived by plane in Cairo yesterday and was to be handed the Allied armistice terms today by Lincoln MacYeagh. American minister to the Greek and Yugoslav governments in the Middle East, and Lord Moync. British minister of state in the Middle East. The Bulgarians, headed 1 by Stoicho Moshanov, a special envoy, actually were informed of Hi" terms some time ago and presumably approved them before deciding to go openly to Cairo. While it was believed ihe delegates would attempt to negotiate, informed sources said the formal presentation of terms would be for signing, not for bargaining. Nazis to lie Disarmed Reliable sources in ( aim reported the terms provided that all German troops in Bulgaria and Bulgarian-occupied territory shall be disarmed and interned, Allied troops shall have the right to pass through Bulgaria, and Bulgaria shall return occupied Yugoslav territory and Greek Thrace and Macedonia. Though at war with the 1'nitcd States and Britain, Bulgaria never broke off relations with Russia. However, Russia joined her western allies in exerting pressure on Bulgaria to gel out of the war. Onlv Tuesday night. Moscow announced that Russia had refused to recognize Bulgaria's declaration of neutrality on the grounds that it was insufficient. The official Soviet News Agency Tass said last night that German armed vessels were using Bulgarian waters of the Danube and Bulgarian Black Sea ports, while Bulgarian troops were continuing to battle Greek and Yugoslav Patriots, "as if nothing has happened." Holiday on Beverage Alcohol Making Ends War Production Unaffected by Diversion of Piogram WASHINGTON, Aug. 111. (UP)—A month-lone "holiday" for beverage alcohol distillers ".ill cud at mid night tonight after what an industry spokesman described as "31 glorious days and night" of production devoted exclusively to replenishing dwindling whisky stocks. The War Production Board authorized distillers to produce beverage alcohol during the month- —fin the first time since late in 1H4J — when it -vas found there was more than enough industrial alcohol on hand to meet war needs. Declaring that another holiday might be possible "In the not too distant future," Dr. Waller G. Whitman, head of WPB's chemical bureau, said a study showed that the diversion of a month's output of alcohol from war uses did not affect munitions output. Peace Parley Secrecy Gets New Blasting SENATOR SAYS PRESS GETS "DIPLOMATIC BRUSHOFF" AT MEETING WASHINGTON'. ::'. The closed nature of the Dumbarton Oaks World Security Conference drew m-\ Republican fire today as Senator SI.Ucs Bridges iR-.V. II.), denounced the policy of "Oriental secrecy" and said he may discuss it next week with Governor Thomas E. Dewey. the O. O. P. presidential nominee. In his second blast of the week against the confidential character of the conversations between American, British and Russian delegates, Bridges belittled the press conference held at the Dumbarton Oaks estate on Tuesday to report, in general terms, the progress made toward outlining a new world peace organization. Styling it. ";L so-called press conference." Bridges said in a statement that reporters came away "shaking their heads despairingly." anil that "i^c reporter voiced the true sentiment when he said they got 'a diplomatic hrushoff.' " The most, revealing statement to date on the trend of the talks came at the Tuesday press conference when ihe three delegations announced their agreement on three general areas of the discussions. Other than that, information has come from brief com- muniques which described nothing but mechanical details, American official?,, .Uaekerl Tjy Prf'sident ''Roosevelt!' are ""iTetof-" mined to prevent publication of details of proposed world security plans at this time on grounds that premature disclosure would only prompt partisan bickering. G. 0. P. LEADERS PLAN CAMPAIGN EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETS IN CHICAGO CHICAGO. Aug. :ll. (UH) —Herbert Browncll, Jr.. chairman of the Republican national committee, today opened a two-day meeting' of the executive committee to plan the presidential campaign for the next two months. ".Members of the committee from all over the country will be here for this meeting and we expect a report of campaign progress from each section." Brownell said. The committee mci unofficially today but will star! its formal deliberations Friday. Browuell said he would leave here Friday night to return to New York. The national chairman also met with members of ihe young Republicans organization, who postponed their Saturday meeting at Springfield. III., so tbev could meet with the chairman and name a chairmau for their campaign. Canella Reindicted on Fraud Charge LOS'ANGELES. Aug. 111. !.#>>--A federal grand jury hits rejudicled Colonel Joseph .1. Canella. quartermaster at the Santa Ana army air base, on a charge of couspuacv to defraud the government through violation of regulations covering ilic purchase and dispensing of dairy supplies. U. S. 3rd Army at Argonne in Stab for Reich British Plunge Toward Boulogne, Calais and Dunkerque Beaches; Entire Robot Bomb Coast May Fall Soon, as Nazi Fight Vanishes WITH ALLIED TROOPS IN FRANCE. Aug. 31. (A—Advance elements of the I'nited States Third Army were operating today iu the Argonne forest, about To miles from Germany and the Siegfried line. In the famous Argonne forest the doughboys reached the region whence the Allies in the lirst World War launched the final grand offensive thai lorced the Germane to sue. for peace. Another column from th" I'nited States- First Aimy, keeping pace with these lightning advances, overran Laon and stabbed on north along the last 30 miles to Belgium with such bewlldei ing speed that they overwhelmed three trainloads of German soldiers trying to escape. SUPREMK HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE. Aug. 31. (U.E) -Powerful British armored forces broke across the Somme river line today, captured Amiens and plunged on toward Boulogne, Calais and the beaches of Dunkerque in a fast-rolling offensive that threatened to overrun the robot bomb coast within 72 hours. Far to the east, two Amcri-,— can lank armies fanned out beyond the shattered Aisne j and Marne river lines at lop speed in twin drives that unofficial reports said had carried- to within 20 miles'of T'ie Belgian border and little more than SO miles from Germany. Vanguards of the llritish Second Army speared into the city early VALENCE, NICE FALL TOJfANKS FRENCH IN SPECTACULAR DRIVE ON LYONS GULF Sl'fC'KEIIN RO.M.MKL WITH BRITISH FORCES IN FRANCE. Aug. 111. (^--Marshal Walter von .Model, lately Herman commander in southern Poland, was reported today to have replaced Marshal Erwin Rommel as commander of Nazi army group in northern France. the this morning and at mid-day main force rode through in of the enemy. Tanks. guns and troops were reported pouring across the Summe In an increasing tide and headquarters spokesmen said the new bridgehead on the north bank was firmly established early this afternoon. Amiens, which straddles the! Somme about 40 miles Inland from j the channel coast, was the scene of | one of the final Allied victories of j World War I in August. I1HS. Six- days after the start of that offensive the German high command advised the Kaiser's government to sue for peace. Simultaneously. Canadian First Army troopers lunged into the Seine river port of Itoucn and thrust across the Dieppe highway '.* miles above Rouen in a drive to seal off the channel town, where a host of Canadians found death and glory in the urea! commando raid two years ago. Kcsis tii lire Crumbles German resistance was crumbling swiftly iimler the triphammer British and ''anadian blows, and front reports indicated tin- Allies might re- conquer the I'litiiv fas dc Calais area and its i ohot '.>oinb bases by lln j end of Ilie week. The ne.M main objective in the British path was Arras. Ml miles to I he northeast. Boulogne !uv '''-' miles to the northucsi, Calais 7J miles north-niirthw'st ,md Dunkerque, where the British expedltionai y force uas cut to ribbons by the Wnhrmafht in I!M<>. uas 77 miles to the north. Tlii' Brili;-h armor, rolliim now at a sliced thai matched that of the CiiiitinuiMl mi \'HK<- T«n ROME. Aug. 31. (UR)—French armored columns, in a spectacular Si-mile sweep around the Gulf of Lyons, captured Monlepelller, Be- zicrs, and Narbonne and drove forward unopposed to within less than ,"iii miles of the Spanish frontier today, while A-.nerican troops herded the remnants of the German Nineteenth Army northward through the pursuit | Rhone valley into the Lyon area. I Nazi resistance all along the Mediterranean coastline vanished almost completely, and American forces at the eastern end of the long invasion front captured Lie famous resort town of Nice. Resistance in Rhone Only in the Rhone valley were the Allied armies meeting serious opposition, and it came there from suicidal rear-guard units fighting to cover the retreat of the shattered Nineteen!Is Army. Tnited States Seventh Army troops drove more than 11 miles up the east bank ,if the Rhone, chopping down Nazi stragglers in their advance, A second column was converging on the town from Chaheuil. K miles to the southeast. The fall of Valence curried the American vanguards within 57 miles of Lymi. rallying point for the scattered remnants of the enemy's southern garrisons. To Spain by Week End Twenty-five miles west of the Rhone, and S7 miles; southwest of Lyon, French forces captured Lar- gentiere without opposition. The rate of the French advance .suggested they might plant their battle flags on the Sapnish border before the week end. The capture of Nice, largest of the French Riviera resorts, carried the southeastern point of the Allied beachhead to within 1L' miles of the Italian border. The city, with a, population of more than -'.in.000, was l-onlinutiil mi I'HKI* Two Less Meat, Salmon to Go to Civilians in September BASEBALL AMERICAN L.E.Uil K (First Game) At New York— R. H. E. WASHINGTON ................ 4 to 5 NEW YOHK ...................... 910 Batteries: Haefner Dubicl and Garbark. 0 and Ferrell; : WASHINGTON. Aug. 31. UJ.P.l — Present poinl values ol all rationed meats will continue through September, but the supply of belter grades will be .smaller, the Office of Price Administration said today. .Many kinds of w(ll cost two i more red points a pound next luoutli. I A can nf condensed or evaporated milk will have a ness" value of ••me • point instead of two-thirds of a i point. i Itnttcr Same Creamery butter will remain at Hi points a pound, but process butter not generally bought for table use. ! will go up six points a pound to a \ new value of 1.' points. Farm but- j tor will stay at 1- points. Although there was no change announced in the point value of canned I salmon, the War Food Admlnlstra- j lion reduced the civilian allocation of that commodity from I30.0iio.r00 to S3,OOO.Ollti pounds of the 1!(44 pack. This might presage a latter increase in its ration value. Another WFA announcement provided some offsetting good news for civilians, however. That was the statement that the civilian alloca- ill begin ' through tion of citrus Huns -oranges, tangerines, grapefiuit. lemon, in.i limes '• --will be In.:)7X.mid.nun pounds, m ; _',:;iiii,iMin,unii pounds mole than Kins received during the ended. Canned citrus juices and eiirus marnialaiies already are on the rat ion-free list and. in view of ihe .iiiiiouiu'etncut. undoubtedly will slay there. Kegins Sunday The new ration period \ next Sunday and extend September I!". While the over-all meal supply fur, civilians next month \\ill be '.'.I per; ccul higher than in August, the OI'A said the supply of the better and more preferred grades will be down by 10..1 per cent. ! Continuation of present point ! values on meat means that red stamps still will be required for beef ' steaks am) roasts of choice, good I and commercial grades, on lamb • chops and roasts of the three highest : grades, and on pork loins and ham. ! All other meats, including utility grades of beef and lamb, have no point values. ' Conllnueil on PaRcT\\o ' FLASHES IHt.UT ll.VI'K CTT SAt'RA.MKNTO. Aim. 111. <UR> — Coloiii'l K. ll. Lfiich. state se- leciive service direeior. said today local boards have been instructed in reduce the number of men to be railed up for pre-iuductioii physicals in September because "we won't heed as many men in October as u e thought we would." NKCiOTIATK FOK AlKI'ORTS AIKXICO CITY. Aug. 31. (JP>— British negotiations to use Mexican airports u ere said today by military authories to he under way here in an effort to facilitate the flight of Canadian panes to the Pacific in tlie expected eventual intensification of the war against Japan. rAKTISA.Vs KKACII KKLliKADE NK\V Y«iRK, Aug. 31. GP>— The British radio broadcast reports today that Yugoslav Partisans- of .Marshal Tito had reached the vicinity of Belgrade and that the sound of guns could be heard in the capital. Ill NGAKY EX-PREMIER DIGR NEW YORK, Aug. 31. d>>— The Germans' Transkontinent Agency said Doeme, Sztojny, who was swept out of the premiership, ot- llungary last Tuesday, "died^today iu noon." r

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