The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 30, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Wednesday, August 30, 1944
Page 14
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Wednesday August 30, 1944 Cbitortal of JSafeersftelb Caltforman I, F H E D H A R R E I- L KDIl'OB AND PUBLISHER Sfoe in post nffirp Ht BukprsfifM. Cnlifnrniii. ax ^nc mail under the m:l nt Conpro.«s March .1, JSTl*. clnss MEMBER OF TUB ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated PrenH IB rxoluslvrly out it MM! tn thi' ut-r l«r I>I,|>|I<H- lion of alt news dippatrlir*8 i In this paper, and also the- IO< to it or not ! ncwi* publish*^! thrroui The Bakcrsficld <'» is n!.K<» a i lifiii »»f the United . and rpcpivcs MS loniploip ^;rt' H^IVM^ HEPRESENTATI VKS Wost-Hnltriav Co.. Im. NP\V York. Chira^o. San Frar.nsi n. T,os tcaltle, Poi tt.'tnd, Dtiivrr •WASHINGTON. D. <' . IsTKEA Tho Haskm Srrvnc. \V;i slin>Ki «>n, I By carrier or mail (in ndv«mr) M> jvistal 7,<.n» :» nnr. tw<.. tin,.p. per month. S.'.c: s»x months*. J.'..10; OJK- >o:u $;i .n\>. Hy ni.-ul in postal zcnra I'uur to eisht. \*?t month. .11 n., "GHOSTS" OF 191S G HOSTS (if Amcriain soldiers of 11)18 s;iw American boys of 1!M1 march through Chateau-Thierry and Soissons today in advances against the Germans. Twenty-six years ago soldiers of this nation were fighting the Germans over the same battlegrounds. Their courage was high then as they slogged through the mud. Many of them believed they were fighting in the last great war. It might have been possible, too, if they had been fighting any oilier people bul the Germans. No sooner did thai war end, however, than the seeds of the current one were sown. Today boys of Kern county know the irony of marching over land where their fathers and relatives bled and died 2(5 years ago. It is history repeating itself today. Those legions of the A. K. F. of I'.MX saw terrible fighting at Soissons and Chateau- Thierry where the Germans eventually ro trealed in haste, just as they are doing today as our forces move into the area. That first World War lasted four years. The current war has already been under way- five years, for at the end of August of 19.'W the Germans were mobilizing their panzer divisions to horrify the world with the attack on Poland, and on September 1, 1JK59, Poland's Warsaw was bombed. The "war to end wars" had failed. The ghosts of the American boys at Chateau- Thierry and Soissons today, after five years of the second World War, probably moved in their graves and in the gloaming of night went over the land to watch Ibis generation high in its hopes of doing some good in a wretched world. Probably the feelings of the first World War fighters and those of today were almost identical if an omniscient mind could know the truth. This current generation of fighters must see to il by enforcing its will on world leaders that the next generation will not have a horror story to go through. NAVAL CHANGE the United Stales Office of Education in cooperation with the War Manpower Commission and (he Office of War Information. F. W. Hunter, coast regional director of the manpower commission, says: "Workers are badly needed in many west coast cities but boys and girls under 16 and all young employes who have not finished high school can serve their country best by attending school. They will be most valuable to America as trained men and women, both now and after the war." The official pointed out thai it is possible for young people to work part time on war production and slill remain in school. High school enrollment nationally is reported to have dropped one million during the war and at the same time employment of youngsters has increased almost as much. W HEX Vice-Admiral Aubrey W. Filch said that the aircraft carrier is the greatesl naval weapon of this war, he said something that we all know and the ghost of General Mitchell smiled. It is interesting to recall now the statements of the naval brass hats that pooh- poohed the idea that a plane would ever sink a battleship. Now the role of the warship, in a considerable measure, has been reversed. It is the purpose now, one of the major uses of warships, to protect the aircraft carriers which, in transporting planes at sea, furnish the navy's strongest striking arm. The great sea battles of this war have been fought by planes. Indeed, in some of the great naval bailies of this war the warships have not even been within sight of one another—the planes carried on the offensives. Now, it is interesting, in light of news stories this week, to see the growing vindication of Major Seversky as an aeronautical prophet. Major Seversky has long advocated the use of huge, superbombers, land based, to attack strategic centers of enemy industry. This has now come to puss with the worldwide strategic employment of our Twentieth Air Forces of B-2!)s, which, land based, may fly to any point on the globe for their employment in war. It may not be too distant \\lien most of our attacking will be with land-based planes of tremendous range and power, flying the stratosphere at 000 miles an hour, utilizing radar and the latest electronic devices and operated by the picked crews of our ait- forces. As time goes on, more and more we shall see the development of the global bomber, a dreadnought of the air comparable as a fighting weapon to the old dreadnought of the sea, which may even now be in its obsolescence. RETURN TO SCHOOL STRANGE COMPACT A i A.\iors golfer, an equally great polo player and a tennis star years ago met for dinner and during the evening the trio made an extraordinary pledge. Il was this, that the first one to make a million dollars would give each of the others ^25.000. The golfer was Marion llollins. former national women's champion; the polo player was Eric Pedloy. and the tennis star was Louise Dudley. Miss llollins, believing in Ihe oil future of Kern county, invested $50,000 in the Kettleman Hills district. This investment returned her .$2,500,000. She then summoned her two famous friends to another dinner party at the conclusion of which she presented each with a check for .$25,000. Certainly a lady of bet- word was Miss llollins, who was also famous as a horsewoman and a tennis player as well as a champion golfer. This week Miss llollins, at Ihe age of 52, died in a rest home near Carmel. Her death took a colorful and interesting sports figure. She had made a compact and she kept it like a gentlewoman. During her slay on the Monterey peninsula she helped establish the Cypress Point Golf Club on the 17-mile drive. Il is rated one of the finest golf courses in the world and is certainly one of the most beautiful. "MAN, THE UNKNOWN" S OMI-; years back Dr. Alexis Carrel, a French surgeon who made a fortune in this country bul retained his French citizenship, wrote a book called "Man, the Unknown." For some odd reason it became a best seller. Carrel was an excellent surgeon, but a muddy thinker, and a poor philosopher. The failure of not only his philosophy but his political economy was emphasized this week when il was learned that he had been dismissed from his post as director of the Vichy government's Foundation for the Study of Human Relations. This foundation had been "notorious for its actions detrimental to the French nation," according to the United Stales Office of War Information. Doctor Carrel, who returned to France after making his fortune in this country, was also famous for his close association with Charles Lindbergh, who assisted Carrel in making a mechanical heart, although what good Ibis mechanical heart ever did was never clearly explained--like man, its utility was "unknown." However, the Carrel-Dakin solution and irrigation method of treating wounds during Ihe first World War was very popular at the time and Doctor Carrel's method of suturing blood vessels won him the Nobel prize for physiology and medicine in 1912. He was as precise in his survey as he was muddy a.nd obfuscated in his thinking. lie collaborated with Lindbergh in writing a book called "The Culture of Organs." They had lived together on Lindbergh's estate in Ihe English channel. Despite his life and honors in the United States, Doctor Carrel evidently preferred collaboration with the Nazis through the Vichy government—not very good thinking here. Now be is a man too well "known." T HOUGH more war workers could be used on the Pacific coast, despite this need governmental agencies are urging that boys and girls who have been working during the Ri'.mmer return to school this fall. It is much more important for children to keep up with their schooling than it is for them to assist in war production after vacation time is over. At this time a "go-to-school" campaign is being sponsored by the Children's Bureau of the United States Department of Labor and U. S. LAND HOLDER E M.u SIM: of plants taken over by Defense Plants Corporation, Ihe United States has acquired during Ibis war more than 34,000,000 acres of land valued at greater than $500,000,000. These figures do not include land leased for war purposes. This is another example of what would have been called socialism a few years back. The government ownership of land, of course, removes this land from the tax rolls of the political subdivisions in which the property is situated. Naturally, the support of this land imposes a greater burden upon other taxable properties. A bill has been introduced in Congress to make what may be called surplus lands of this aforementioned total available to veterans for homestead or business purposes and, of course, this would be administered by the famous Mr. Ickes, of the Interior Department. Mr. Ickes is well known in California for his attempt to impress his own irrigation policies for California lands. RNI YLE PARIS—(By Wireless; Delayed)—I had thought that for mo'there could never again be any elation in war. But I had reckoned without the liberation of Paris—I had reckoned without remembering that I might be. a part of this richly historic day. We are In Paris—on the first day- one of the great days of all time. This is being written, as other correspondents are writing their pieces, under an emotional tension, a pent- up semi-delirium. Our approach to Paris was hectic. We had waited for three days in a nearby town while hourly our reports on what was going on in Paris changed and contradicted themselves. Of a morning it would look as though we were about to break through the German ring around Paris and come to the aid of the brave French forces of the interior who were holding parts of the city. By afternoon it would seem the enemy had reinforced until another Stalingrad was developing. We could not bear to think of the destruction of Paris, and yet at times it seemed desperately Inevitable. That was the situation this morning when we left Ramboullot and decided to feel our way timidly toward the very outskirts of Paris. And then, when we were within about X miles, rumors began to circulate that the French second armored division was in the city. Wo argiifd for half an hour at a crossroads with a French captain who was holding us up, and finally he freed us and waved us on. For If) minutes wo drove through a flat gardenlike country under a magnificient bright sun and amidst greenery, with distant banks of smoke pillaring the horizon ahead and to our left. And then we came gradually into the suburbs, and soon into Paris itself and a pandemonium of surely the greatest mass joy that has ever happened. The streets were lined as by Fourth of July parade crowds at home, only this crowd was almost hysterical. The streets of Paris are very wide, and they were packed on eacli side. The women were all brightly dressed in white or red blouses and colorful peasant skirts. with flowers in their hair and big flashy earrings. Everybody was throwing flowers, and even serpentine. As our jeep casod through the crowds, thousands of people crowded up, leaving only a narrow corridor, and frantic men, women and children grabbed us and kissed us and shook our hands and beat on out- shoulders and slapped our backs and shouted their joy as we passed. I was in a jeep with Henry Gor- rcll of the United Press, Captain Carl Pergler of Washington, D. C., and Corporal Alexander Belon, of Amherst, Mass. We all got kissed until we were literally red in the face, and I must say we enjoyed it. Once when the jeep was simply swamped in human traffic and had to stop, wo were swarmed over and hugged and kissed and torn at. Everybody, even beautiful girls, insisted on kissing you on both cheeks. Somehow I got started kissing babies that were held up by their parents, and for a while it looked like a baby-kissing politician going down the street. The fact that I hadn't shaved for days, and was gray-bearded as well as balclheaded, made no difference. Once when we came to a stop some Frenchman told us there were still snipers shoot- Ing, so we put our steel helmets back on. The people certainly looked well fed and well dressed. The streets were lined with green trees and modern buildings. All the stores were closed in holiday. Bicycles were so thick I have an idea there have been plenty of accidents today, with tanks and jeeps overrunning the populace. We entered Paris via Rue Arlstide Briand and Rue D'OrleaiiB. We were slightly apprehensive, but decided it was all right to keep going as long as there were crowds. But finally we were stymied by the people in the streets, and then above the din we heard some not-too-distant explosions—the Germans trying to destroy bridges across the Seine. And then the rattling of machine guns up the street, and that old battlefield whine of high-celocity shells just overhead. Some of us veterans ducked, but the Parisians just laughed and continued to carry on. There came running over to our jeep a tall, thin, happy woman in a light brown dress, who spoke perfect American. She was Mrs. Helen Cardon, who lived in Paris for 21 years and has not been home to America since 193.x Her husband is an officer in the French Army headquarters and home now after 2 l ,i years as a German prisoner. He was with her, in civilian clothes. Mrs. Cardon has a sister. Mrs. George Swikart of 201 West Seventy- second street, New York, and I can say here to her relatives in America that she is well and happy. Incidentally, her two children, Edgar and Peter, are the only two American children, she says, who have been in Paris throughout the entire war. We entered Paris from due south and the Germans were still battling in the heart of the city along the Seine when we arrived, but they were doomed. There was a full French armored division in the city, plus American troops entering constantly. The farthest we got in our first hour in Paris was near the Senate building, where some Germans were holed up and firing desperately. So we took a hotel room nearby and decided to write while the others fought. By the time you read this I'm sure Paris will once again be free for Frenchmen, and I'll be out all over town getting my bald head kissed. Of all the days of national joy I've ever witnessed this is the biggest. From the Files of * Tne Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian, this dale, 19.11) Dan K. Comviiy, former deputy district attorney in Kern county, is in the lend for election of district attorney of Fresno county. Justice of the Peace Stewart Ma- pee of the Sixth Township was guest speaker at yesterday's meeting of Lions' club. Mrs. F. R. Kalloch. local delegate to Supreme Temple Pythian Sisters, has returned home. The Reverend C. S. Reynolds Is now en route home from his tour of the Orient. He will arrive In Bakersfield in time to fill the Methodist Church pulpit September 9. Steve Strelich defeated Louis Miller last night after winning two falls out of three from the Reno bad man. President and Mrs. Roosevelt motored today to the annual Dutchess County Fair at Rhlnebeck. United Spanish War Veterans Camp and Auxiliary will picnic at Mooney's Grove Sunday. Special guests of the camp will be D. M. Griffith and John Loustnlot. Jnlollywoodl v-> o 1 ill -(By ERSKIXE JOHXSON)- Frederick Varady, president of the Artists' anil Sculptors' Institute of New York City, the. news story read, bad named Rita, Hayworth, Sylvia Sidney, Luna Turner and Jane Russell as the four most exciting women jn motion picture history. Not a bad choice. Except that we would have named six, adding Hedy Leniarr and Clara Bow. We were happy, though, about Sylvia Sidney. She's always been one of our favorites. She can take our heart— squeeze it skillfully and band it back to us—half hers—in most any role. Remember her in such pictures as "American Tragedy," "City Streets," "Trail of the Lonesome Pine," "You Only Live Once," "Dead End," and "Street Scene"? hmmmm! Maybe, like us, you've wondered where she's been for a while. Well, like many another from the stage, .she went back to it for a couple of plays, "Jane Eyre" anil "Angel Street." Now she's back in Hollywood to resume her film career. "Exciting'-' I'm so glad Mr. Varady used the expression 'exciting.' " Sylvia said over the telephone. "It describes rny life perfectly." "There was the time,' Sylvia said, "when 1 broke my ankle in the first act of a play. I not only finished the play but took curtain calls. I no more than got to Hollywood to do a picture for Sam Goldwyn when I promptly broke it again. "And there was the time I had the concussion," Sylvia said. Usually when an 'actress goes to a masseur and beauty salon she comes out beautiful—but not Sylvia. "When I went, just before we started 'Dead End,' I came out in a doctor's arms, with blood all over my face. I was walking down a hall in the beauty parlor, tripped, hit my head and the next thing I knew a doctor was asking me my name. When I told him. he answered. 'Well ,for a glamor girl you're the worst mess I've ever seen.' " Sylvia went right on, "I disobeyed the doctor's orders. He said I'd have to stay in bed for three weeks. Next day, I rushed to the studio at 7 o'clock in the morning and everybody screamed, 'What happened to you?" My face was swollen and discolored- I was the firs', movie star those 'Dead End' kids had ever seen, I looked more like a Dead End Kid than they did." "Excitement? Didn't you hear about Jodey's tonsils? That was really exciting. He's only four and a half, you know—my son. Well, there I stood ready to sign Jodey in a New York hospital one morning when the nurse asked, 'Who is his father'." 1 answered politely, 'Luther Ailler.' She said she must have his written permission for the operation and 1 said, 'But I've signed— his father is in Chicago in a play.' However, she was the adamant type so I suggested she phone him long distance. "Luther was in bed asleep. The minute I said, 'Jodey's in the hospital and—' he got hysterical. 'Just his tonsils and adenoids,' I explained. He calmed down and insisted, 'Get him lots of ice cream.' Finally the nurse took down his statement. Luther, still half asleep, repeated after her: 'I, Luther Adler, give permission to have my son Jodey's tonsils removed." Tine Readers' V aewpoani AMENDMENT Xo. 11 Editor The Californian: Sincere thinking people are realizing more each day that, if we are to preserve our American ideals and way of life after this war, we must have something vastly different than Wl-'A jobs, government doles and relief, as a postwar program. Because of this undeniable fact, more people this year are watching with eager anticipation the state of California, than ever before in our history. And well may they do so, for out here the pioneering courage and spirit of America has not vanished. On November 7, the voters of California are going to adopt their own scientific pay-as-you-go postwar program, irrespective of Washington, D. C. That program is embodied in our Constitutional Amendment No. 11. I'nblasted study of this amendment will reveal that it will gradually and systematically create buying power In th(j hands of our Incapacitated and senior citizens, exactly as our gasoline tax has gradually and systematically increased the buying power of our highway department. And thin war has proven that if we provide American free enterprise with good customers, American production, employment and prosperity will automatically take care of themselves. IRA H. ROSS, 1753 Longwoflfl Avenue, -„ Los Angeles 6, Calif. COMIC SECTION Editor The Californian: Quoting Odds: How about "It's bad to get a good spanking." GLADYS BAILEY. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS Editor The Californian: Right now traffic fatalities are coining into the public view again. Seems they are on the increase, which is serious. A very superficial analysis turns up this interesting point. Probably, the majority of accidents involved pedestrians. In the large cities the pedestrians have accounted for two out of three fatalities. Yet this figure is lumped together with other types of accidents and shown as one total, which reflects upon motorists in general. Now when a motorist drives in front of a train, the railroad is not charged with an accident. The resulting deaths are not mentioned in the number of those killed in railroad accidents, train wrecks. It is quite proper, too, for the motorists were at fau|,t and the accident should be in the traffic toll figures. Well, in the majority of cases the motorist is not held when a pedestrian is struck. Most walkers aro to blame for being hit. But in these cases the resulting fatality is charged In the traffic toll. It does not make good sense. A much better picture would be given the public if two sets of traffic statistics were kept. One set would cover injuries and deaths to those walking; tho other set for those riding. Then it might be apparent that the pedestrians are as much, if not more at fault, for th*,.poor accident record. There really Is less excuse for a pedestrian having an accident, than lor a motorist. And certainly the motorist should not have his record spoiled by the pedestrian's carelessness. F. B. WILLIAMS. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The California!), this tlnte. IflIM) Examinations of children of preschool age are being conducted by county health officials in co-operation with state health department and P. T. A. A marriage licpiiso has been granted to Frank 11. Ratzlaff and Louvadar Baker. The record Shatter grape crop Is keeping the packing plants busy according to a special story in today's Cnlifornian written by Maude A. Jumper. L. W. Taylor, farm adviser, has returned from a month's vacation in Portland, Seattle and San,Francisco. The first bale of cotton ginned in the San Joaquin valley for 1924 was grown nn the ranch of W. A. Minnor by W. L. Nichols. It was ginned by Wasco Cotton Gin and sold to Charles T). Fowler. Four new bowling alleys were opened today by Helm & Stone in the Brunswick Parlors. THIRTY YEARS ACiO" (The California!!, this clnte. 1914) Headlines: Turkey Ready to Enter War; Germany Sends Troops; Kaiser's Aeroplanes Rain Fire Against French Capital. Fred H. Hall received word this morning from San Francisco he is 1147 votes in the lead for state senator. The American Red Cross is sond- ing a ship to aid wounded; refugees already are arriving homo. Reception was given at Bakersfield Business College Saturday evening in honor of Olga Rowe. stenographic teacher, who arrived from Los Angeles Saturday morning. Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Forgy and daughter have returned from a vacation at the southern beaches. C. Mallory and wife of Pismo Beach, known there as clam specialists, have taken charge of Metro- pole dining room in East Bakersfield. A wedding license has been granted to Delia St. Clair and Lloyd Lighthall. FORTY YEARS AGO (The CuliCornian. this date. IflfH) Headlines: Decisive Battle of Campaign in Manchuria; Japanese Attacking Kuropatkin's Army Today; Heaviest Battle of War Raging Around Liao Yang. General committee* in charge of the Labor Day celebration is headed by H. W. McMullen. chairman. Other committee members include C. A. DeCew, M. T. Kean, H. O. Smith, Henry Massa and Hugh Orme. Born to Mr. and Mrs. George Bennett, a daughter, August 27. The trusts have contributed $G.- 000,000 to the Republican election fund. Jack Munrow who made such a poor showing against Champion Jeffries Saturday night will leave for the Montana mines Wednesday. A leading independent oil operator in the Kern River field states that he has been offered 30 cents a barrel for all of his products. A burglar who entered Wcill's hardware department last night failed to got any plunder except some pistol cartridges. ews (By PAUL MALLON)WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.—It is being reported generally how the New Dealers have recaptured the War Production Board from business, but that is the least at the story. True enough, the secondary business leadership remaining down inside WPB is not the dynamic type. New, 36-year-old top man Krug has not had a career which would develop business contacts, except adversely (he was an engineer in the TVA and WPA). Coming up in his outfit are men like Maury Maverick, New Deal politician and head of the smaller war plants division, who has been conducting a novel business-endearing campaign for months, taking every business complaint from every congressman as a major issue, writing nice letters to the business involve], to the congressmen and anyone who might be pleased thereby. Behind Krug will be the similar New Deal men who try to persuade FDR into left-handed trails at every work of the road. But this aftermath of the fatal Nelson-Wilson feud i:; only a side phase of the greater evidence that the whole business reconversion program has become involved in tangle- foot up to its knees—the same glue which mired WPB. Great sectors of the home front, upon which the immediate economic future of the country depends, have become leaderless or confused by conflicting leadership, which is worse. Harsh and overstrained as these words may sound, they spring from a mere scanning of surface events, and are beyond concealment. Mr. Roosevelt appreciated recon- version was a dominating phase of the peace prospects and last winter designated his wise man, Bernard Baruch, to work out a policy. Baruch did, and his man, James F. Byrnes, was appointed to carry it forward, but Baruch has been in either silent rage or despair (both seem justifiable by the disregard of his leadership) and has said not a word lately, while Byrnes has told Congress he was quitting the demobilization directorship, and his friends fear he also will quit the government January 1. On the disposition of surplus property, Will Clayton, the official administrator, advocated one course before Congress only to find himself blocked (not by Republicans) but New Dealers who protested his plan to turn land over to the RFC (Jones) instead of the department of agriculture (Wickard) or interior (Ickes). There is, therefore, no official policy on surplus property, and no leadership. The C. I. O.-New Deal element promoted the Murray-Kilgore bill on industrial unemployment, but their efforts to get the President out in front of them had failed up to the moment this column went to press, arid Congress is passing a modified George bill, sponsored by the more conservative administration elements. There is no White House. policy and conflicting leadership in this matter. Contract termination legislation has been passed, but is involved in administration conflicts, and from the diverse ways of the Democratic leaders in Congress, shows the administration attitude has not been defined In any reconversion conflict (see also Wilson's resigning statement). Republicans are sitting back, wait- Ing for the right time to say this all proves what Governor Dewey contended, that the elderly men here have demonstrated their ineptitude; that the Roosevelt machine is going to pieces. They can make much of Mr. Roosevelt's confusing statements on the Nelson-Wilson matter. Friday, August 18, the President denounced questions about .Nelson being exiled to China as "wrong and unjust." and a "disservice to the country," whereas the following Friday, he welcomed and encouraged the same speculative inquiry by saying it was "an iffey question" (meaning it might or might not* happen.) The difficulty is so glaring, I look for Mr. Roosevelt to move first. Always in the past, he has covered* creating a grand and glorious new similar administrative failures by organization on top of the failing bureaus. I look for a message to Congress or a public statement of some kind, shaking up the manpower commission and perhaps some other bureaus, establishing some new official leadership on the issues, with perhaps a new super-duper outfit with a catchy alphabetical name to conceal this post-war XYZ, denoting both an unknown quantity and complete mystery. x (World CTijjyriKht, U'H, by. Kitifi Feiilutrs S>n- :lirate. Inf. All rlttlits rr*L'rv<Ml. itfproilucUon in full ur Li liart strictly prohibited.) s kingf on Column (By THOMAS M. JOHNSON) FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Calil'ornlun, lliis dale, 1894) A sneak thief entered the home of Mrs. Nunez in Kern City and stole several hundred dollars worth of jewelry and money, lie discarded Mexican filigree gold jewelry, apparently thinking it was brass. Advertisement: Kern County Land Company, Lloyd Tevis, president; capital, $10,000.000, offers choice farming and fruit lands at low prices and on easy terms. Two crops a year may be produced when desired. Unexcelled opportunities for settlers of moderate means. A Delano man arrested for practicing medicine without a license was judged by Judge Redd of Porterville last week, found guilty and fined $250. The Oakland Enquirer is running typesetting machines, this being the second paper in the state to introduce them. Lua Angeles Times was the first. SO THEY SAY I don't believe the Japs will fold up at any time. Their religious feeling will prevent that. We'll have to go in and educate them and I believe we will have to go in and blast Japan. — Commander Ernest M. Snowden, back from the Pacific. If we fall very far short of putting to use. all that our farmers are able to turn out, the prospects for our agriculture, and, indeed, for our whole national economy, are dark.— Agriculture Secretary Claude R. Wickard. During the war everyone as a patriotic duty pitched into help the war effort. After the war, the patriotic motive will not be so much In evidence. It will be every group for itself—Senator Harry S. Truman of Missouri. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. — James 1:12. Let a man be but In earnest in praying, against a temptation as the tempter is in pressing it, and he needs not proceed by a surer measure.—Bishop South. As the United Nations progress from victory to victory, the word goes round that "The war'll be over In Europe by Labor Day and the boys'll be home for Christmas," but the truth seems to be that whenever the war ends, it will be many months, perhaps well over 12, before even the bulk of the boys get home from Europe. One authority thinks it will be 18 months. The question is now being studied here. Its students are experts In several government departments, but their teachers won't let them talk much, for well they know how strong will be the demand from public and Congress to bring back soldiers, sailors and marines immediately the war ends. This demand will spring from the strongest emotions—emotions which are impatient of facts. Yet there are some ice-cold facts that stand like icebergs in the path of homeward-bound transports. First, from 300,000 to 500,000 men will have to remain to share with British, Russians and others in garrisoning Germany and other countries. Many thousands will have to be sent to the Pacific to help clean up Japan. These will include navy, air forces and army personnel whose experience is especially valuable. Second, we have not now the ships to return in a few months troops it took some three years to dispatch. Our transports are largely prewar passenger ships of which some have been lost. Instead of building more, we have built merchant .ships and tankers, about 3!!.000,000 deadweight tons. Some of these actually ferried troops from Britain to Normandy but they cannot ferry them to Boston, New York or Norfolk until they are altered for ocean transport work. They must have far greater facilities than they now possess for sleeping, cooking, etc. The^ joint chiefs of staff have ordered more built and the War Shipping Administration is producing them, but the greater our victories in the Pacific, the greater the need for supply ships to press them home. Also tankers to meet the air forces' constantly increasing demands for high octane gasoline. Third, demands on tonnage are increasing; and for more reasoris than one. The 150,000 French peopls of a section of rich Normandy will need this month 100. tons of British and American food which must be shipped. This is the tiniest beginning. All France may need 300,000 tons besides fodder for cattle and many other supplies to help rebuild. And that is only France. The other devastated countries will need to be fed, so will Germany's women and" children, for humanitarian reasons. Yet what will American mothers say if their sons are held abroad so that German babies can get milk?J For no one has yet devised a means of making a ship a cargo vessel going over and a transport coming back. Maybe someone will. The problem Is now being studied, and may he solved—perhaps by taking over the merchant marine of the Axis from stem to stern. Then the G. I.'s may come home from Europe in German ships or Italian or even Japanese. But on the present showing, most of the boys will get home very soon after war ehds In Europe only by some hitherto unrevealed trick of Yankee ingenuity. Even were sufficient transports ready, it takes time to reverse a system of camps, railroads and ports in Europe that have been built up to push troops and supplies in one direction so that it will push them in the other in anything like the desired volume. There is one encouraging aspect. After the 1918 armistice we -.vere at first appalled by the appeals from soldiers and families to "Get the boys home" and the practical difficulties of doing it. But by typical American methods, ingenious and strenuous, we had most of our .men • back in eight months. There were fewer men then than there are now, and surprisingly more transport shipping. Yet we have proved ourselves in this war better miracle ' workers than in the last. In our op. tirnistic American way we can hope for more miracles—but we had better not count on them. ions an< .nswers Q. Which tire is considered to be the most dangerous to blow out?— C. R. A. There is .some difference of opinion. However, a rear tire blow nut is more dangerous in the majority of cases because the chances of keeping the car under control are better with the flat tire on a wheel capable of being steered for correction. Q. How did the trade winds acquire that name?—L. D. Y. A. The trade winds received their name because their known regularity is an assistance to trading vessels which often lay their courses so as to receive as much assistance as possible from favorable breezes. Q. What organs in the body control the sense of balance?—R. B. L. A. The mechanism of equlibrluni depends upon the labyrinth organs in the internal ear, the sense organs In the muscles, tendons, Joints and skin, and in many animals, the eyes. Q. What is the height of the peanut plant?—T. C. H. A. It grows about 18 inches tall. The peanut has whitish flowers after the fading of which the stems bury themselves in the ground where the pods mature. Q. How large must a sunspot be In older to be visible to the naked eye?—E. B. A. A sunspot visible to the unaided, eye would be at least 60,000 miles In diameter. Q. How long does It take to read the Constitution?—M. L. A. It can be read in 15 ininutes. Q. What kind of metal la R-3017— L. V. A. It Is a new aluminum alloy. Q. Where did Washington deliver his Farewell Address?—A. C. A. Washington never the read the address In public. It was printed In Claypool's American Dally Advertiser, Philadelphia, September 19', 1796. The address is in two parts: In the first Washington declines a third term; in the second he gives advice upon government. » Q. Are the lower stories of high buildings constructed of granite?— S. C. H. A. It is true that the lower stories are often constructed of granite while the upper ones are of sandstone, limestone, brick, terra cotta or the like to reduce the cost. Granite is used for the lower stories because of its strength and durability. Q. How long has Lady Astor been In the British House of Commons?— C. E. H. , A. She has served in the House without interruption since December 1, 1919, as Conservative member for the Sutton division of Plymouth. Q. How much paint Is required for an average superdreadnought?— N. G. G. A, The navy department says that * about 40,000 gallons of paint are required for a 35,000-ton vessel. Q. Is Fuji, the celebrated Japanese volcano, dormant?—K. E. N. • A. Fuji has been dormant since 1707. Q. How much paint is required for a B-17?—L. D. A. Approximately 200 pounds are required for one coat. A reader ran Ret Ui0 answer to nny ciueglinn of (act b? writing Tlio tlakenfleld California , Information Bureau. 31K Kye Street. N. K., WaHblngton, 2, D. C. Vleui eoclOM tbm (3) cent* for reply. j M

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