Local/Kansas The Salina Journal Sunday, February 2,1986 Page 3 ^^^^^^••^^^^^•Mi^^H^^HMM^^^^BBMH^HBl^^MBHI^^H^m^HMHHI^H^H^HHi^MHMi^^^^^HMi^HiMMiH^l^^^^^BBMH^^^^^MM^^^^^^— ' .,,.... Rape victims discover that united, they stand against fear By CAROL LICHTI Staff Writer When she arrives home from work, the woman goes first to her kitchen to find a knife — a weapon that might protect her from someone who could be lurking in darkness, waiting to attack. She then searches her entire house, haunted by the fear of a previous assault. "I hate going home and having to search my home every night," she said. The woman was raped after coming home one night by a man waiting with a knife behind a door. Now, she is a member of a support group for rape victims that was started this fall by the Domestic Violence Association of Central Kansas, 227 N. Santa Fe. At a group session Thursday, another victim talked about the things that still bother her about the night she was assaulted. "Every time I look at the phone I get mad because it was there right beside me and I couldn't use it," she said. Both of the women were raped by strangers who broke into their homes and were armed with a knife. Both said that at times during their encounter with violence they wished they were dead. Both also have seen the men who assaulted them convicted and sent to prison. Their lives were totally changed by the attacks. They still live with the fears. But both say they are survivors and are taking action to deal with and resolve the issue. "I feel better about myself and I don't hold it against myself," one of the victims said. "I can sleep better, but I still get scared every night." To calm her fears, she talks to a friend on the phone each night. The other woman said she feels the group sessions are helpful because it gives her someone to talk to about the incident. "My family has a hard time talking about it," she said. "They do not say the word 'rape.' Coming here is the only time I feel I can be open about it." Last week the women, who meet with counselor Karen Bateman, "My family has a hard time talking about it. They do not say the word 'rape.' " — A rape victim welcomed a new member who had been through a different type of trauma. The new member told the others how as a child she had been raped by her stepfather. She talked about her f eelings of low self-esteem and how at times she feels like she "is nothing." "It's not your fault," one victim told her. "It's not your fault you feel that way." She also described her problems with relationships and her distrust of men. The others also discussed their tendencies to label and fear those with similiar characteristics of their offenders. "We cannot judge all of them just because of what one did," one woman said. Bateman said she works with the group to help the women identify their problems such as isolation. Identifying the problem is the first step to solving it, she said. Their lives will never be the same, she said. They have changed where they live, how they feel and everything about themselves, she said. "If they don't change, they haven't dealt with it," she said. It usually takes a victim four years to stop experiencing fears, she said. According to national statistics, Bateman said that one out of every four women will come face-to-face with a sex offender during the course of a lifetime. Experts say there are three phases of emotional response that victims of sexual assault normally experience. Acute reaction is characterized by emotional shock. That might result in behavior ranging from paralysis to hysteria, and occurs in the first one to two days. The outward adjustment phase, which can last from several weeks to many years, is characterized by change. The victim might move, change her appearance or job and end relationships. A victim might feel guilt because of dependence on others during this stage and in turn suffer from frustration and anxiety because she is not yet free of fear. The final phase is resolution, which can be brought on by a victim's desire to deal with problems such as flashbacks, nightmares or insomnia. During this stage the victim begins to see herself as a survivor, not a victim. Bateman says counseling or a support group can help victims deal with unresolved problems. "It's never too late to start working on it," Bateman said. The association-sponsored group meets once a week. It is free and open to any victim of sexual assault and abuse. She told the members of the group TomDorMy A.J. Holmquist Excavating dumps truck loads of dirt onto floor. Trucks cruise through ooze By NANCY MALIR Staff Writer Mud was the major attraction Saturday night at the National Motor Spectacular at the Bicentennial Center — mud oozing in a pit 12 feet wide, 100 feet long, and between three and four feet deep at the center. And seeing if a host of racers could drive both legal and non-street pickups through the goo was the attraction that filled up half of the center with spectators. "One of the things that entices a lot of people here is the arena," said Rick Weber. This was Weber's first time at a mud race, and one of the biggest reasons he showed up, he said, was because friends had told him how much they enjoyed the event lastyear. Weber said two items he had been told to bring were earplugs (because of the noise) and a jacket, (because the doors would be wide open and it would be cold inside.) And although earplugs were a luxury as the sound of racing motors reverberated off the walls, the mild night negated the need for a jacket. Construction on the pit began Wednesday and was finished Friday afternoon, said Kevin Pew, a promoter with United Sports of America, who handles the event. A. J. Holmquist Escavating built the giant mud bath, and they will be responsible for cleaning up the mess after the three-day show ends tonight. It took between 150 and 250 dump truck loads of dirt to construct the arena. Pew said United Sports of America provides all vehicles used in the race, contracts with firms to build the pit, and takes all responsibility for damages. "The whole jist of the event is based around mud racing," Pew said. The goal of mud racing is for drivers to drive modified, super modified and open class vehicles the farthest through the pit. Other features of the show included a truck tug-of-war, a dash for cash (where individual runners plow through the mud on foot), and an appearance of the monster truck "Taurus." Pew said mud racing has moved from the back pastures of county fairs to indoor arenas around the country as the sport has picked up popularity. "The sport has been around for some time, but Dave Bolen, 12, Salina, looks up at the "Sport Boy Special'' Bicentennial Center. Scott William Saturday at the it's only been between the last three and five years that it's become more visible," he said. The show's promoters also try to publicize mud racing as a family sport, Pew said. "We try to encourage it as family entertainment. We give children discounts and free posters," he said, adding a lot of families show up for the event around the nation. Pew's organization has been to Florida, Indiana and Canada in recent weeks. Pew said most shows are scheduled between September and March. The odor of fuel in the center was strong, as was the smoke that resulted from the churning of engines as the modified pickups attempted to plunge through the sludge. Pew said the smaller vehicles seldom get through the pit, and have to be pulled backwards out of the mud by bulldozers. The pickups are pulled out backwards, Pew said, so that the mud track is not leveled out and thus made easier for the racers that follow. The real attractions, Pew said, are the su- permodified, larger vehicles that are run at the end of the evening. This was the event that Garth Bloom, a Clay Center high school senior, was waiting to see. "I like to see the power of the trucks," Bloom said. Bloom has been to several mud races in the past, and said he wouldn't mind being a racer himself. He has a four-wheel drive pickup of his own. Jobs now or later: Lawmakers face dilemma to remember they have survived the attack, the worst part of their ordeal. "If I survived the worst part, I can survive the emotional part," one victim said. "Why should I waste my life sitting and crying?" another said. "I want to get on with my lif e." "Everyday you do survive you gain more strength," Bateman said. Meeting in a group can be helpful, Bateman said, because things that were never discussed with a counselor in private sessions will be brought up with other victims. "They may say things to each other they have never said to me," she said. It also helps victims realize what they are feeling is normal because others are feeling or have felt the same thing, she said. One victim said that after her first group session she was surprised to leave and find herself dry-eyed, something that had not happened with other counseling visits. "I felt like a weight had been lifted from my shoulders after sharing with others who'd had similar experiences," another member said. 'Easygoing' officer not discouraged after being shot Editor's note: This is the first of two articles about a fundamental issue before the Kansas Legislature —jobs: the people who need them vs. the investors who create them, and the state's role in a dilemma. ByDALEGOTER and DAVE RANNEY Harris News Service TOPEKA — Jobs now or jobs later? That question marks the battle line between Gov. John Carlin's long- term economic development chart and critics who say he is off course. "Economic development" is a buzzword of the 1986 legislative session. Amid reports of shrinking tax dollars and financial troubles on Kansas farms and oil fields, economic development is trumpeted as the inevitable solution tc the state's fi- nancial problems. Nowhere is it more prominent than in Carlin's 1986 legislative progiam. But as the governor and state business leaders embrace economic development to save the state's stagnant finances, spokesmen for social services say Kansas may be turning its back on the needy. Among those critics is Rep. Ed Rolfs, R-Junction City. Rolfs chairs the House Assessment and Taxation Committee, and the subcommittee on welfare. He says Carlin should be worrying about finding jobs for today's poor rather than gambling on long-term investments. "The best thing you can do for economic development is put our people to work now," Rolfs says. Worse, he says, cuts in social service programs — by the state or federal government — will mean lost jobs. Carlin argues that money for tomorrow's social programs will come from dollars invested in economic development today. Sharing that view is Tony Redwood, Kansas University economics professor who has provided the foundation for Carlin's economic development plan. Redwood says it is valid but shortsighted to criticize promotion of economic development over social services. "Basically, what we have here is a dependency group supported by those who are able to work and pay taxes," Redwood says. "That's how our system works. But unless steps are taken to develop more jobs, our ability to support the indigent is going to get weaker and weaker. Now that would be a disaster." By NANCY MALIR Staff Writer Flipping burgers generally is a safer occupation than apprehending criminals, but Glen Soldan decided to leave his position as manager of the local Wendy's Restaurant in December and return to the law enforcement position he left in 1979. "He had missed the work and wanted to go back," Soldan's wife Alice said Saturday. Soldan was gunned down Friday afternoon when he at- Soldan tempted to question a hit-and-run suspect in the driveway of the Vagabond II Motel, 217 S. Broadway. Soldan was listed in fair and stable condition at Asbury Hospital Saturday night after undergoing more than four hours of surgery Friday. He was shot four times and suffered six bullet wounds. Maurice Barnard Moore, 43, Washington, D.C., is being held in connection with the shooting. Soldan had just returned to police work Jan. 1 after telling his former boss last fall he had a renewed interest in law enforcement. "He called me up late one night and said he decided it would be best if he had a change of pace," said Al Copp, Wendy's district manager. "He was a very loyal, very dedicated employee and did a very good job." Soldan, described by friends as "easygoing," and having a "personality that radiates," was very enthused about police work. Friends and family say he enjoyed his previous experience as a police officer, and was "very glad" to be back in uniform. "He enjoyed it," said Soldan's father, Loren, Salina. Safety didn't seem to be a key issue in Soldan's decision to become a police officer. Alice Soldan said she was not overly anxious at her husband's return to police work. "It wasn't a big concern. He was trained and knew what he was doing, "she said. Loren Soldan said Friday's shooting would not severely hinder Glen's outlook on police work. "It'll make him more cautious," he said. Alice Soldan said her husband is not disillusioned by the incident. "He's already asking when he can go back to work," she said. The Soldans' pastor, the Rev. Dan Russell of the Village Bible Church, said he believed Glen and Alice Soldan had agreed on his return to the force. "He wasn't expecting this," Russell said at the hospital Friday. Russell said he had ridden with Soldan Wednesday as part of the Police Chaplain's Program. The program allows local pastors to acquaint themselves with the police officer's lifestyle by accompanying an officer on duty. Russell said Soldan laughed and told him Wednesday that "in case I get shot, there's the button under the seat used to dispatch the shotgun.'' Soldan was alone Friday when the incident occurred. Glen Soldan had lived in Salina since his youth. He graduated from Salina Central High School in 1973, and had worked as a truck driver for both Rainbow Bread and Schwan's Sales Enterprises. He also was employed for a time with Crane Rental Inc., 515 N. Broadway, before turning to police work and restaurant management. Soldan is the eldest of four sons. His youngest brother Roger, 19, is a police cadet. Alice Soldan, office manager at the Wendy's regional office, 752 Duvall, is five months pregnant with the couple's first child. That also is the strong sentiment of Carlin, who is pushing a multimillion-dollar investment of state dollars to bring more jobs to Kansas. More state money must be invested in future economic development to bring tax dollars for tomorrow's social programs, he argues. Carlin also recommends that new state revenue from a proposed lottery and pari-mutuel racing should be earmarked for economic development, an estimated $50 million yearly commitment. But while economic development is on most legislative leader's lips, the strategy has detractors. The state should first look at its investment in human resources; long-term investment is fine, but it doesn't answer today's problems, Rolfs says. Shooting (Continued from Page 1) women involved in the accident were not seriously injured. A short time later, the man pulled his car, with a crunched front-end, into the lot at J-J Imports, 833 E. Crawford, and parked at the back. An office manager for the dealership said the man had come into the business and asked for a tow truck. When he was told they didn't have one, he turned and left. "He was acting nervous," said the office manager, who asked not to be named. "He was real quick with everything." Police later determined that the Maryland tags on the car were stolen, but the car itself was not. Scott Vickroy, a driver for All- Radio Cab Co., picked up a man matching Moore's description at about 1:30 p.m. at the Texaco station at Front and Crawford, and drove him to the Kerr-McGee station next door to the Vagabond II Motel, 217 S. Broadway. Vickroy said Moore was calm and acted normal. There was no sign of a gun, and he paid in cash. "He said he was going to a U-Haul place. I asked him if he was moving, and he said yeah, he was going to move some stuff." Vickroy said it surprised him to learn that the passenger was accused of shooting an officer. "It was just (a feeling of) disbelief," Vickroy said Saturday. "It's hard to believe I had someone who had a gun with me in the car.... I'll probably keep a closer eye out in the future." Soldan noticed a man matching the description of the hit-and-run driver walking in front of the Vagabond II, and stopped about 1:50 p.m. to question him. But it didn't turn into a routine questioning. As Soldan went to frisk him, Woody said, the man allegedly pulled a hand gun from his coat and fired four times at the officer. "It's almost amazing there wasn't more damage," Woody said Saturday, after looking at the breast pocket of Soldan's uniform, which was perforated by three bullet holes, the edges burned by gun powder from the close-range shots. "You're not going to find many people shot at that close range with a .38-caliber (handgun) who are still alive," said Saline County Sheriff Darrell Wilson, who also had wandered into the off ice. "I'll tell you what it is — the good Lord decided it wasn't his time to go."
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