Page 10 article text (OCR)
'Page Fourteen — Blytheville (Ark.) Courier News — Friday, September t, MM HISTORIC OLD WINDMILLS, traditional symbol of the Netherlands, stand as silent witnesses to the advent of a new source of power that promises to transform the Dutch economy. Excavation erews in foreground are preparing to dig trenches for a natural gas transmission line. After the pipe Is laid, the landscape will be restored lo its original beauty while, unseen, the gas line taps the second largest reservoir of the resource in the'world—estimated at 39 trillion cubic feet-discovered at Stock- Jeren in the northern part of the country. Reporter Almost Missed London Fire AP Special Report By EDDY GILMORE LONDON (AP) — Three hundred years ago today reporter Samuel Pepys all but got scooped on one of the greatest fires of history. He was saved by his cook. At 2 a.m., Sept. 2,1666, Pepys' cook, Jane, woke him to tell him about a fire she could see from her window. The 33-year-old Pepys blinked his eyes and — but let file great reporter relate his near goof of the 17th century. "So I rose," he recorded in his famous diary," and went to her window. But I thought it far off, and so went to bed again, and to sleep." While the diarist — whose detailed and colorful reporting is still read today — slept on, fee great fire of London raged like a herd of flame-belching dragons less than 600 yards from his house. Pepys' house was on Seething Lane, midway between the Tower of London and Pudding Lane. The fire started in Thomas Farriner's baking shop on Pudding Lane, about 300 yards north of London Bridge. An east wind was whipping in from the North Sea and it Was a whopping big fire when Samuel Pepys finally rolled out of his four-poster at midmorning. He still ignored the fire, however. "So to my closet," wrote Pep- ys in his diary, "to set things to rights after yesterday's cleaning." The flames were sweeping through the narrow streets of London Town, hopping from one wooden building to another, when Jane once more summoned Peys. "By and by," said Pepys, "Jane comes and tells me that above 300 houses have been burned down tonight by the fire we saw, and that it is now burn- ing down all Fish Street." This second tipoff from the kitchen launched the diarist into action. . , His account is a moving and compassionate report of the great fire. "So down to the waterside, and there got a boat, and through bridge, and there saw a lamentable fire. Everybody endeavoring to remove their goods, and flinging into the river. Poor people staying in their houses as long as till the very fire touched them. And among other things, the poor pigeons, I perceive, were loath to leave their houses, but hovered about the windows and balconies till they burned their wings, and fell down." That night Pepys was back at the scene. "When we could endure no more upon the water, we to a little ale house on the Bankside and saw the fire grow, and as it grew darker, appeared more and more, and in the corners and upon steeples', and between churchs and houses, as far as we could see of the hill of the City, in a most horrid, malicious bloody flame. * * * "We stayed till, it being darkish, we saw the fire as only one entire arch of fire from this to the other side of the bridge, and in a bow up the hill for an arch of above a mile long. It made me weep to see it. The churches, the houses, and all on fire, and flaming at once, and a horrid noise the flames made, and the crackling of houses at their ruin." It was Pepys who finally brought a message to the Lord Mayor of London from King Charles ordering feat houses in the path of the flames be torn down to stop the fire. "What can I do?" shouted the excited lord mayor. "I am spent. People will not obey me. I have been pulling down the houses, but the fire overtakes us faster than we can do it." At last the king himself turned up — with a fire-fighting water bucket — to direct operations. Leslie Leete, the chief officer of London's 100-year-old fire brigade has made a study of the great fire. "The great problem was lack of organization. It wasn't until King Charles went down with his personal bodyguard and blew up the properties that the fire was checked," Leete says. "The lord mayor and the others spent all their time arguing whose property should be blown up." It took four days to put out the fire. The flames consumed St. Paul's Cathedral, and the Royal Exchange, center of the city's business life. Four-fifths of London lay in ruins. More than 430 acres of dwellings and buildings were consumed. A total of 13,200 houses and 87 churches were destroyed. Oddly, only a few deaths were reported. Sir Christopher Wren's monument to the fire stands on Fish Street hill. It is 202 feet tall, file exact distance from the base of the Doric column to the baking shop on Pudding Lane. The monument no longer commands the approach to old London Bridge. Instead, it commands the approach to the smelly Billingsgate fish market. For six pence — seven cents — visitors can climb tine 345 steps inside the monument and, at the top, get a superb view of new buildings that rose after the German bombings of World War II. Moralists blamed the "sin and gluttony" of 17th century Londoners for the fire, saying it was their punishment. Lynda Bird Victim Of Mistaken Fans By KELLY SMITH WASHINGTON (AP) - The dark-haired girl with Johnson features appeared not to notice, but she turned and walked away briskly after a bystander exclaimed "Hey! There's Luci!" Lynda Bird Johnson is used to mistaken identity. Time and time again she is confused wth her sister, Luci, now Mrs. Patrck J. Nugent. At Thursday's wedding of Margaret McNamara, daughter of the secretary of defense and Mrs. Robert S. MeNamara, and Barry E. Carter, some 100 bystanders gathered with cameras outside the Washington Cathedral. A residential limousine drove up to a side entrance. "Look, there's the President and Lady Bird!" exclaimed one. "Who's that beautiful girl with them? That isn't Lynda Bird, Is It?" .. Few recognize Lynda without her parents. The (tvo daughters of President and Mrs. Johnson don't | look alike, except that both have dark hair and creamy complexions. Of the two, Lynda is six [inches taller, more reservec and inclined to stand and smile rather than talk. Lynda has blossomed in the past year. At 22, she has a new trim figure, new hairstyles, a new sophistication. When she appears in public, comments inevitable range from: "She's so skinny!" to "She's beautiful! Is that really Lynda Bird?" Lynda doesn't appreciate her mistaken identity. At the beauty parlor, she keeps her eyes straight ahead and is all business if an operator calls her "Miss Luci" instead of "Miss Lynda." During Luci's wedding rehearsal, 600 persons gathered to greet the bride-to-be as she arrived at the church. Lynda came first. The crowd pushed forward applauding. There were shouts of "Congratulations!" and "We'll pray for you!" Lynda took a deep breath. Hurt did not show. Finally with a wave of her hand, she called to one group: "Thank you. I'm not Luci. I'm Lynda. And I need your wishes more than she." Only the strongest winds can whip up the sluggish surface of the Dead Sea, because of its great salt content. Ethelred II, English king, was known as the "Unready" because he was not ready lo accept wise advice or counsel. South Mountain Park, covering almost 15,000 acres near Phoenix, Ariz., is the largest city park in the United States. The Missouri Compromise provided for the admission to :he Union of Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Before the Revolution, cigars were the most important export rom the colonies to Great Brit- India's Pars! Sect Called By JOE MCGOWAN Jr. BOMBAY, India (AP) -Descendants of a small, close-knit band of fire worshipers who sought refuge in India 1,200 years ago, include some of India's leading businessmen, poli- ticans and civic workers. They are members of the Parsi sect, believed to number about 115,000 throughout the world, with the major body of at least 75,000 in riombay. Their-forefathers migrated to India from Persia in the year 706 A.D., following the conquest of their country by Moslems. Parsis—also spelled Parsees —are followers of Zoroaster, founder of the original Persian religion. They believe in afterlife and the ultimate victory of good over evil. ; Their, temples house sacred perpetual flames, kept alive with offerings of aromatic sandalwood. Life Prominent among present-day Parsis are the Tatas, who started India's first textile mill and now are natioria.' leaders in textiles, steel, nuclear research and scores of other fields. An air service started as a Tata subsidiary later became ,Air India, the country's international airline. Other Parsis include M. R. Masani, prominent member of Parliament, and K.R.P. Shroff, who retired thb year w president of the Bombay Stock Exchange. Geroze Gandhi, late husband of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was a Parsi; and Pars! Dhadaboi Nadroj was the first Indian member of the British Parliament. To the outsider, the Parsis are perhaps best known for their "Tower of Silence," an imposing mountaintop structure in Bombay where the Pars! dead are taken. Aside from its beautifully landscaped gardens and iron gates which keep out nonbelievers, the tower is distinguished by an ever-present flock of vultures soaring overhead. The tower has walls 18 feet tall 'surrounding a circular concrete platform 300 feet in circumference and with a deep opening in the center. The plat- form has ttrtiiwwrttf bodtaiS the outer on*i f« men; middi for women and center for chttj area- ;..".;.'• ^ •" After the vultures strip th» flesh, and the bones disintegrate'; rainfall washes the! dust into the center shaft and then fat| four underground drains leading to four deep wells. Charcoal and sandstone in the drains puriff the water before it reaches the wells. ?. In the old days, a body .was 1 taken to the highest hill and left to be 'burned' by the sun," sayi Rustom K. Masani, noted Pars! author, in explaining how the Tower of Silence fits in with thi Parsi fire worship. Masan emphasizes the living aspects of the Parsi religion. In fact, he says "I call our religion the religion of 'good life'." •: HAS THE YOUNQ IDEAS HAS THE YOUNG IDEAS for the soft life IMPORTED LAMBSWOOL by MCGREGOR Get this McGregor vee neck pullover sweater of imported 2-pIy lambswool and you've got it pretty soft. 1 Designed with rugged, looking saddle shoulders, ribbed waist and cuffs and we've got it in handsome new colors as well as your favorite traditional ones. ' SHOP MEAD'S FOR QUALITY a handsomely tailored tweed.., \N IMPOSING LOOK by MCGREGOR -.. ,.:er cold weather in cavalier style in the fashion look of npressario by McGregor. This jaunty wool tweed with notch shawl collar is the ideal coat for town and country. Collar and lining is of plush pile Orion* acrylic. THE INCOM traditional at MEAD'S So outstanding it has no equal in its category. You'll appreciate the complete elegance Florsheim builds into the Imperial, the authentic, robust styling, the choice, premium materials. Result! Significantly longer wear. The man from Reidsvilie shows up with an important innovation...the newCreightonBrookside collar. Its fuller, wide- spanned design has a look of sophistication emphasizing the inherent good taste of the combed chambray...in blue with ginger stripes...a fabric created for fashion and function. The buttoned, flap pocket is another tailoring detail that epil- emizes.Cwighton's traditional styling.