YANKS NAB ROUEN, LAON, 36 MILES FROM BELGIUM LINK SEINE ARMIES THE U'EATIIFK Temperature High yesterday 1 nti Low .today t;i; Rainfall Srason (Airport) „...., Year ago (Airport) ........ Sea HOI i (FjHiitl Company I Tf-ar a*?" (r.nniJ Comimiiy* *r fRa in fa II fiiruroH an.> for iho fiscal year liccfnnin^ July 1.) i'orei'RNt Nut HM hot tmlny and Thursday; COfjl, pleasant. night H. Buy a Bond It May Save a Life Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1944 14 PAGES No. 26 Germans Slay 1,500,000 *• * * * % •% % % % ^ Bulgaria Accepts Peace i ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ^^——— — ——^——— Mass Murder at Davao Hit Lublin^harged by Yank •% _ B^ * • I 1 * m m .^ _ . _ _. ! ™ Planes Reporter Describes Majdonek Camp Where War Prisoners Were Killed in Gas Chambers aod Cremated, Red-Polish Committee Charges By ARTHUR 1XKPIN' United Press Sniff Correspondent LUBLIN, Poland, Aug. 27.—More than 1,500,000 men, women and children were killed in special gas chambers or cremated at the German Majdanek concentration camp, a Polish and Russian committee investigating the camp said today. Touring the camp, I saw chambers in the camp, established in 1941 ostensibly for ill prisoners of war, where FIERCE BATTLE RAGES ON RHONE U. S. TROOPS SLASH AT STRAGGLING 19th ARMY ROME, Aug. !)0. (UR)—American troops, driving the remnants of the German Nineteenth Army up the Rhone valley, crossed the Drome river today and slashed their way 10 miles northward to Chabeull, 6 miles due east of the Rhone river town of miles south of Valance and Lyon. The Americans continued to flict "further severe casualties," a late communique announced, on German forces pinched into a triangle formed by the two converging rivers and other American troops driving northward from newly-captured Montelimar. Fight at Cliubeiiil the committee said bodies of prisoners were piled on a metal stretcher doused with inflammable liquid and inserted into a furnace. - In another part of the camp I saw gas chuiubi-rs with (itted metal doors, peepholes and pipes through which the investigating committee said poison gas was introduced In ,tlic chamhors. Some chambers obviously were intended 4 for carbon monoxide and others showed evidence of both carbon monoxide and prussic acid. Burial Fits Outside, there were burial pits for the bodies of the victims, and piles of ashes filled with liny bits of bones were scattered throughout the camp. l n _ I Records at the camp showed that in November, 11)43, mostly Russians, Poles and Jews were confined In the camp, but representatives of 22 nations were believed killed there. During this period, as many a.s 70,000 prisoners were confined at the camp. built to hold 50,000. In October. 1841, the records showed, 5000 Russian and Polish The spearhead thrown across the ( prisoners were held but by February, Drome encountered stiffening Ger man resistance and fierce fighting was in progress in the vicinity of Chabeuil, the communique announced. Mobile guns accompanying the spearhead were able, however, to maneuver westward and snipe at a 3-mile long enemy convoy along Highway 7 in that sector. Resistance was being overcome. meanwhile, at .Sauzet and Loriol, both within the triangle into which the Germans were being compressed. Headquarters described the fighting at Loriol as "particularly severe." As one American force hammered the Germans frontally at Loriol, four miles east of the Rhone and a mile and a half below the Drome, another force drove eastward to Grang, four miles from Loriol, crossed the Drome and captured Allex on the north shore. The flanking movement threatened to cut off the desperate enemy troops, which had staggered to the Drome "after breaking out of a trap below Montelimar, 14 miles south of Loriol. The Germans were losing heavily in the desperate fighting as they attempted to flee northward along the Rhone. In two days, the Americans captured 800 motor trucks and two Continued on Page Four Index lo Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 4 Arvln Theater 11 Booth's 8 Brock's ....? , 5 Citizens Laundry Hi Coffee, Harry '-'. (i. It Count Basic 11 Culliton, John W 10 Dorman Photo ti East Side Cleaners 8 Flickinger-Digier 13 Fox Theaters 11 French Shop 4 Garber, Jan 11 Granada Theater 11 Ivers Furniture 10 ludds C Karpe. Elmer F 8 KERN 10 Lim, T 10 Modern Studio of Dancing 6 Montgomery Ward 4, 5 Phillips Music Co 8 Rialto Theater 11 River Theater 11 Safeway 3 Scott & Gilbert Co 8 Sears Roebuck 3, 7 Union Cemetery - 9, 13 U. S. Employment Service 8 Virginia Theater 11 Weill's 8 Whelden's Market 2 Winding, Oscar K...; 5 1942, only 45 remained alive. Narcotic I'sed A Lublin pharmacist, Tadeus Buds', in, camp prisoner who worked in the pharmacy, said the Germans often killed the sick prisoners by injections of a narcotic, epivan, which if administered slowly actually is beneficial, but if injected in a large dose kills within one minute. "I watched one doctor kill 15 patients tlvis way," Budzin said, "and during the time I was at the camp I had to distribute «000 ampules of the drug.' One German prisoner at the camp, Hans Stalp, said he was sent to the crematorium on an errand and arrived in time to see a woman burned alive. "She had been ordered to undress before being shot," he said, "and when she refused, her bands and feet were bound. She was placed on a stretcher and shoved Into the furnace. I heard one scream and saw her hair catch on fire—the door closed." In the crematorium he said there were piles of stretchers scattered around the furnaces. Jagged pieces of bones littered the floor—apparently cut off when they stuck out the furnace doors. Nearby was a pit containing 47 bodies, believed to be those of pris- Continued on Hage Knur Blows From 100 U. S. Carriers to Strike Japs, Says Fitch By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Kililor The Free French and the American navy joined today in threatening Japan with new power blows, leading Rear-Admiral Alfred E. Montgomery to "look with confidence to the future and early extermination of the Japanese." These predictions were underscored by daily air blows reaching into Nippon's inner defenses and .Japanese losses in Chinn. Burma and New Guinea. Itiidio France said Free French forces would join the I'ncifie war nfter Hitler's defeat. Their eyes will be on French Indo-Chinn, whose doors were thrown open to Japan by the Vichy government, but the radio promised the French would fight "until the final crushing of our enemy in Asia." 100 United Stalest Carriers Japan hasn't seen anything yet in the way of naval striking power, said Vice-Admiral Aubrey W. Fitch in disclosing the United States lias nearly 100 aircraft carriers in action. They include 14 of the Essex class which he said made possib'^ vance to Guam whe Pearl Harbor is being developed for the push toward the Philippines and China. The cyclonic force of future carrier raids, using two new type planes, he said, will make previous attacks look like a zephyr. But Fitch described the road ahead as long and hard in contrast to the optimistic view of Montgomery, who commands a carrier task group. Fires in Davao Along that road land-based planes GROIT COMMANDER— Lieutenant-General Omar N. Bradley, who will be given equal status with General Montgomery with a new command organization in France. l]£ til ere c the swift ad- a miniature scissoring in south struck from the north the Yap, Palau and and Halmahera approaches to the Philippines and kindled fires in Davao, prewar Japanese town in the southern Philippines. Their blows scored the words of Dr. Carlos P. Komulo, new resident commissioner of the islands, that "at last we see the way clear back to the Philippines." The harbor of Ambon, on the Dutch island of Amboina from which the Japanese might threaten the rear of a southern invasion of the Philippines, was reduced to a "mass of flames" by an 188-ton bombing rafd. Three Japanese ships were crippled. Failing morale of isolated Japanese in the southwest Pacific w-as indicated in General Douglas MacArthur's announcement that 508 enemy soldiers had been killed and 112 cap- Coniinued on Page Knur BRADLEY-MONTY STATUSJOUAL YANK NAMED ARMY GROUP HEAD IN FRANCE By WILLIAM FRYE WASHINGTON, Aug. 30. W—A new command organization in Prance giving Lieutenant-General Omar N. Bradley equal status with General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery as an army group commander was reported today to be nearly ready for formal announcement. Such a command change previously was reported by correspondents at General Eisenhower's headquarters. The report was received critically by .some in Britain, however, who interpreted equal status for Bradley a.s a "demotion" for Montgomery. In the original invasion, Montgomery not only had field command of all British troops but • also was senior commander of all Allied ground forces. After publication of these criticisms, a statement was issued at supreme Allied headquarters August 16 which said: "It is officially stated at. supreme headquarters that announcement of General Bradley's command of the Twelfth Army group in no way affects the position of General Montgomery as over-all commander of all Allied ground forces in France under General Eisenhower. ' Persons closely in touch with the situation said today, however, that the British criticisms were unwarranted and that the change has been inevitable since Eisenhower took his headquarter. 1 ! to France and assumed personal command of the operations. Mission for Peace in Cairo Hungary Premier Sets Three-Fold Program for Aid to Germany LONDON, Aug. 30. OLE)— A Bulgarian peace mission arrived openly in Cairo tonight and Allied sources said an armistice agreement between Rulgaria and the United Nations was expected lo be signed tomorrow. Lincoln MacVeagh, I'nited States ambassador to Greece and Yugoslavia, and Lord Moyno. British secrotury of stale for the Middle East, will sign the annisticc pact on behalf of all the I'nited Nations—excepting Uussia, which is not nt war with Uulfjarin—a I'nited Press dispntch from Cairo said. The Allied and Bulgarian envoys were scheduled to hold their first armistice conference this evening, but the meeting was postponed because of a temporary delay that prevented MacVeagh from being pres- LYON I ST. CTIENNC • MONTELIMAR -—Cnllfnrnlan-NRA Telepholo HKLfill M ItOUDKK THREATENED—American fighting men were less than 40 miles from Belgium today as one armored eolumn rlattered Into the cathedral city of Reims and pushed 10 miles beyond, while German reports said the Yanks have captured Laon. 3(1 miles from the frontier. The German high command 'also said the Seine port city of Rouen liad been evacuated. Soissons and Chateau-Thierry were cap- in red In the swift advance of tank forces. ent. The four-man Bulgarian delegation, headed by Htoicho Moshanov, arrived in Cairo aboard a special plane provided for them at Istanbul. News of Bulgaria's apparently imminent withdrawal from the war camo as the new Hungarian government, responding to pressure from Berlin, announced its intention to continue in the flight alongside Germany. Continued on Puge Four De Gaulle to Ask French Voice in Security League WASHINGTON, Aug. 30. (UP) — The United States, Great Britain, and Soviet Russia appeared today lo be prepared for an early bid from General Charles de Gaulle for a voice for France in the formulation ! of the world security organization. j It was understood also that they I are virtually agreed that France at some as yet unspecified future time shall take her place on the world council as a permanent member, thus placing the responsibility for keeping the peace primarily In the hands of a "big five" instead of a "big four." Wants First-Line 1'luce De Gaulle has been emphasizing for months that neither the peace terms for Germany nor the future world organization can be properly planned without French participation. He told^ Parisians after the liberation of the French capital'last week that France "has a right to be in the first line of great nations who are going to organize the peace and the life of the world." •The heads of the American, Brit- ish and Russian delegations at the Dumbarton Oaks world security conference revealed yesterday that while all three powers are agreed on the American outline announced by President Roosevelt on June Ifi. there has apparently been one major change In wording. "Four .Major Nations" Mr. Roosevelt said in June the permanent members of a world council should consist of "the four major nations"—the United States. Great Britain, Soviet Russia and China. The three chairmen said In a statement yesterday that the permanent members of the council should be "the principal states." Asked whether that meant the big four or could include such nations as France, American Chairman Edward R. Stettlnius, Jr., replied that the subject was under .discussion. - Meanwhile, American officials, supported by President Roosevelt, stood firmly opposed to publication at thifl time of the details of the proposals for a world security organization which have been presented at Dumbarton Oaks. Bombers Batter Kiel Robot Bomb Bases LONDON, Aug. ;i". (JP>— Large formations of American bombers battered the continent today, bombing the German ports of Kiel and Bremen through clouds and the robot platforms in northern France. Very heavy forces of British bombers before dawn 'supported the Russian armies of the north with attacks on the Nazi Baltic ports of Stettin and Konigsberg, and Mosquitoes hurled many two-ton blockbusters on battered Berlin and Humburg. Weather was bad and bombers cast their explosives by instruments j through clouds. A communique said | one bomber wa.s lost over the robot I bomb sites. No mention was made ] of lob.ses over the German objec- ' lives. Up to 500 Flying Fortresses and Liberators,, wilh Mustang fighter escorts smashed at the Pas de Calais targets. More than 500 Fortresses and 2iJO Mustangs wenl over the German ports. The Hying bomb targets are just In front of advancing Allied armies in northern France. ARMY TRUCKS TO BE SOLI) WASHINGTON, Aug. 30. OB— Thirty thousand army trucks and cars are to be sold as surplus property throughout the nation within the next two weeks, according to information given Representative Thomason (D-Texas) today by offi- clals in the treasury departments procurement division. FLASHES FINN, Rl'SS fONFKK STOCKHOLM, Aug. :in. (/P)—-Belief that Finland may be seeking to reopen peace negotiations with Russia was enhanced today by the disclosure that Baron Carl Gustaf Mannerheim, new Finnish president, has been in communication with Moscow recently through diplomatic channels. JAI" UIKT TO MEET LONDON. Aug. :lo. (UP)—The German DNB agency reported in a Tokyo dispatch today that tho Japanese government had published a decree calling a meeting of trie Diet for five days, beginning September (i. SENTENCED FOK Alt KDKIt CHICAGO, Aug. 110. Up>— Soylo Villegas, 2fi. today was convicted of murdering his wife. Louise, and was sentenced to 211 years in the slate penitentiary by Acting chief Justice Harold G. Ward of Criminal Court. Mrs. Villegas' seminude, salt-packed body was found in a trunk in Los Angeles May .1. I'AKTV FIGHTS JEWS DETROIT. Aug. «0. (UP.)—The America. First party convention adopted a platform plaiik urging "honest and courageous solution of the Jewish problem" today, and ordered filed in party archleves for future deference a delegate's proposal that Jews be sterilized or deported. i; J.\r smrs SINK WASHINGTON. Aug. ;!n. (UP.)-— I'nited States submarines have; sunk 17 more Japanese ships, including two destBoyers. in Pacific and far eastern waters, the navy announced today. raising this month's total to 5J. BASEBALL AMERICAN LEAOL'E At New York— R. H. E. BOSTON 7 12 0 NEW YORK y Hi () Batteries: ONeill. Hausman (2), Ryba (7), Woods (8) and Partee; Borowy, Turner (7) and Garbark. REDS CAPTURE PLOESTI IN DRIVE LIBERATING ALLRUMAINIAN OIL COSSACKS TAKE HALF t* RUMANIA, RACE TOWARD BUCHAREST, BULGARIAN BORDER LONDON, Aug. :n>. f iJP>— The German radio said tonight that the Russians had resumtd their offensive north of Warsaw ami breached German lines at a number of points. The Red army in that area threatened not only to outflank the Polish capital, but menaces the defenses of East Prussia as well. LONDON. Aug. ISO. (I'.R)—The Soviet Ukrainian Army has ciinHired I'locsti. heart of the Rumanian oil Held, radio Moscow announced tonight. 1'locsti, supplying the German war machine with more than one-third of its entire oil supplies has been the object of the Soviet drive for the the last 10 days down I ii rough the — Rumanian plains. In his order <if the day iinuounr lug the victory. Premier Marshal Josef Stalin asserted that the capture of Ploesti bad liberated all of the Rumanian oil fields from German control. Rumania produces about ri.'illO.OOO tons of oil annually and virtually all of it dimes from the Ploesti fields. Germany must rely in the future on the lesser fields in Hungary and Austria, and on the synthetic oil plants within the Reich itself, all of which have been badly battered by the great Allied aerial offensive. Ploesti is about '•'<£ miles north of Bucharest, capital of Rumania and second objective of the great Russian I'krainlan offensive. (The German Transoeean News Agency reported today ihut four So- j viet divisions had launched a "major" breakthrough offensive near Radxymin. northeast of Warsaw.) In most sectors, the Russians were sweeping forward at will The fall of Const,inta removed the last obstacle north of the bulgarian border, lio miles to the south, and Soviet i troops should reach th'._",. before the week end. The Russians were not | expected to cross the border, how- Corn IniiMd un I'JIKO Knur : Big Explosion Rocks French Rocket Coast BRITISH BELIEVE BLAST ABORTIVE ATTEMPT TO LAUNCH NEW V-2 BOMB FOLKESTONE, England, Aug. I'.o. (U.P)—The greatest explosion of the war was set off on the French rocket coast last night and the British wondered today If the Nazis had made an abortive attempt to launch their new V-2 rocket bomb. The detonation was accompanied by a tremendous rushing noise. Houses on the English coast were .shaken, crockery was sent skidding across floors and a few windows u ere broken. There never had been anything comparable heard In Ibis area. The explosion seemed like an earthquake. G. 0. P. Speakers Charge Democrats With Boss Rule By I'ni'tcl I'I-BSH Thiee Republican governors, open- time crooks in ,j:nl than any living ing the party's presidential cam- | American." paign in a coast-to-coast radio broad- I Governor Karl Warren of Califor- cast last night .charged that Pres!- "'" , """' ,""' He ' H ' bli '-"" l""'^ l "" 1 "o intention ol attempting to "buy" Nazi Net of Escape Roads Cut Smash at Channel Robot Sites Looms From Wide Front SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITION 7 ARY FORCE, Aug. 30. (U.E) — Rampaging American forces, surging at least 12 miles beyond the Aisne river, broke into and reportedly captured Laon, only 36 miles from Belgium, today and Berlin simultaneously conceded the fall <if the medieval city of Rouen guarding the approaches to the robot const. (A British broadcast heard by CHS snid the Americans north of tin; Aisne had captured a village "almost exactly 30 miles from the Bel- Kin ii border."i The twin victories came as other Allied armies raced more than 100 miles east of Paris to within 90 miles of the German border, and linked their bridgeheads across the Seine northwest of the capital along a 50- mile front in a frontal smash toward the robot bomb sites along the channel coast. Berlin radio declared today that American troops had driven almost lo St. Dlzier. little more than 80 miles from the German border. Such a thrust would mean the closest approach yet to the Reich's frontier, and an advance of nearly 20 miles southeast of Vitry-le-Francois on the upper Marne, the last officially reported position of the United States Third Army's right wing. Escape Network Cut Unofficial reports reaching supreme headquarters told of the fall of (lie four-way highway and railway hub of Laon, 80 miles northeast of Paris, cutting another network of escape highways and railways leading from the robot coast to Germany. While headquarters was unable to confirm the report immediately, the mlle-an-hour pace of the fast-rolling American tanks and infantry columns spearing toward Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany indicated that it was true. The Americans were within a mile and a half of Laon last night. A German communique announced that. Nazi forces had evacuated Rouen, or, the Seine 65 miles northwest of Paris, after destroying all harbor installations and "other objectives of military importance." Move for Escape The Germans apparently pulled mil of Rouen, where Jeanne D'Arc was burned at the stake in the public market square May 30. 1431, to escape encirclement by Allied armies closing in from the south and east in a drive toward the robot coast. The fall of Rouen was expected to speed the Allied march on Le Havre, Continued on Page four NAZISPREPARE _MS USE CONTINUE BOASTS OF MYSTERY WEAPON , ., ,.. , i v , de,u Roosevelt s lourth tern, ambl- lions were dictated by rt New Deal high command and carried into execution by the bosses of the biy city New Deal machines. Governor IMvight Green of Illinois declared thai the 'New Deal edicts from on higii are beiiiR executed by the ruthless heads of corrupt political machines. ' He said the Republican campaign "springs from the people." fill- Ut-wey s Itecoril i the election, and insisted that Sidi ney Hillnuin. head of the Political I Action committee in Washington ! "shall not be permit led to do so fther." I'roiniM'N Fair I'la.v "We propose to abide .striclh by rules of fair play," he said. ^ NATIONAL LEAOLK At Boston— II. II. K. NEW YORK ^ .1 1 BOSTON 4 7 0 Batteries: I'yle, Adams IS) and Lombardi; To bin and Masi. Losing pitcher, Pyle Hi "We believe the I'ules should apply with equal force to each side. And German the New Deal speeches should not be designated as 'educational' while others of like character by the So- r cialists and Republicans are sup- Advocating the election of the Repressed from our fighting men as I .OX DON, Aug. :;D. (UW—Germany is believed preparing to use poison «as on a mass scale, the London Dally Mail said today, and Swedish press dispatches reported that the Nazis arc boasting of a new mystery weapon which they assert will win the war for Hitler within the next six months. The Daily Mail reported that the Germans plan to use poison gas in the hope of winning a negotiated peace, but the Swedish accounts In- dii'.ited that Berlin propagandists now :ire assuring their people that complete and early victory is cer- Uiin. The Stockholm Havens. Nyheter tlu 1 Scandinavian telegraph publican nominee, Thomas E. Dewey, the three speakers pointed to his racket-busting record as New York county district attorney and his current term as governor of New York. They said that corrupt political blocs were forming against him because they feared he would not be one of their tools. "That's why the political bosses have staked all they have to ge.t Tom Dewey," Governor Ray.nond E. Baldwin of Connecticut declared. "To him it's a mutter of political life and death. He has put more big- •political'.'' Warren said the Republicans would not make a negative fight for the elections. He said the party believed solidly in Dewey and his running mate. Governor John W. Brlcker of Ohio, Mie vice-presidential candidate—"men .vho have long been In public service -nd can be judged by characters and performances of public duty." Baldwin yald thai the greatest bureau reported that word of the ! German mystery weapon was splashed across front pages of Berlin's newspapers this morning, "German victory Is not only certain but near," one Nazi headline proclaimed, adding that the German people and their armies must only hold out until autumn when the new weapon will' be unveiled. The unexpected outburst of Nail optimism, which Swedish and other observers regarded merely as strong 1 propaganda., was inspired by »n article written by Joachim Fernan, a front correspondent of the Watfon Elite guards. Fernau gava no detiJls of the alleged secret weapon, Tiut he tribute pajd Dewey was in knowing mated that it would be a refinement that such political machines as Turn- Continued un PUK? four of the robot bombs—presumably th« -heralded "V-2" reprisal weapon.
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