The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 29, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 29, 1944
Page 14
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Tuesday, August 29, 1944 Cbttortal J>age of Cfjc Palicrsfirlb Caltforntan ALFRED H A R R E L L •DITOK * N O rUILIIBII Entered In post office at Bskersfleld. California. «n second class mall under the act of Congress March 3, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press ts exclusively entitled to the use for publication of ill news dispatches credited to It or not rttherwlne credited In tots paper. »nd also the local news published therein. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New lork, Chicago, Ban Franoiscn. Los Angeles. Seattle. Portland. Denver WASHINGTON, D. C . I The Hank In Service. Washington. D. C. HERSHEY'S FIGURES E XPLAINING that while lie was "only guessing," Major-General Lewis B. Hershey, national director of Selective Service, predicted that between 1,000,000 and 2,000.000 men will be released from the armed services after Germany is defeated. Men are still being inducted into the armed services at the rate of between 70,000 and 100,000 a month. In making his statement, General Ilcrshey said he was in favor of military training and declared it was cheaper to keep men in the army that it is to set up an agency to care for them after they arc released from service. Whether the General was hinting at a military work relief program is not known. There may be some such implication in his remarks for he said that the reabsorption of servicemen into a peacetime economy will constitute "one of the big problems before the country today." Actually, draft boards have delivered into the armed services almost 17,000,000, though the strength of all the armed services today is about 11,000,000 persons. The Selective Service director said that these 17,000,000 service people and some 18,000,000 war workers will all have to he reabsorbed into the peacetime world. The General said, in his opinion, the man entitled to the first release after the war is the man with the longest period in service. It may take several years before men now with our armies and navies arc discharged from the service. Armies of occupation will probably be maintained in Europe and the job of supporting them will require a merchant fleet, supply troops and transportation. Shifting more than 30,000,000 persons out of war jobs and army tasks is not a procedure to be effected in a few weeks—it seems like a few years will probably be required. FIRE POWDER KEG brought to a successful termination, yet it would be foolish not to make provision for peacetime adjustments now that the end to the European war seems to be in* sight. It seems with the increasing complexity of life that what at one time might-have been a simple thing—the business of stopping—is fraught with all kinds of economic consequences. Quite'obviously millions of persons throughout the nation are immediately involved as their jobs stop and the disruption of a vast production is certainly no simple matter. PARISIAN PARADE W RITERS for years have popularixed the conception that Bulgaria is a powder keg. The celerity with which the Allies have liberated France has fired the fuses leading to a new scries of explosions for Germany and the reverberations arc about to sound through the Balkan mountains. Rumania, turning on Germany when Germany has no longer anything to offer except disaster, is reported to have either killed or trapped 11 divisions of German soldiers. The Yugoslavic army of General Tito is reported to have driven within artillery range of Belgrade. Bulgaria is preparing to declare war on the Reich at this writing. In Transylvania the Rumanians arc reported to be exterminating Germans as a reaction from the bombing of their capital. Historically repeating themselves, the Balkans are fulminating again and the explosions will crumple the German defense system. Actually, it would be better for the Allies if all the revolts against Germany did not immediately succeed for this simple reason: If Germany continues of the persuasion that she can hold the Balkans (which of course she cannot) then it will mean she will continue her occupation with troops. These troops will be out of action against our own forces and will not be available for German reinforcements elsewhere. The ideal situation, from our standpoint, would be to have just enough trouble in the Balkans to keep the Germans occupied there with their armies. Then, when the final breakdown comes, these men would have been kept out of action in the west and rendered ineffectual anyway, for Germany can no longer hope to hold anything until slu- withdraws into the limited sphere of her own frontiers. TRAINING TO "STOP" G I;M;IUL I)i; GAIJIXL'S triumphal march through Paris, which he entered as a political rather than a military general, had its anticlimax when snipers fired at him and disturbed a procession that had drawn a million French people to the streets of Paris. When troops defending De Gaulle fired into the windows of the buildings the happy crowd was depressed again and dispersed to its hollies. This was the second anticlimax in the rc- occupalion of Paris, the first coming with the premature announcement of the "liberation" and the second the failure of the De Gaulle parade to avoid an incident. After all, the truth is that whether De Gaulle parades Paris or not, the Germans have gone. There will be plenty of time for parades of one kind or another in the months to come. In the meantime, French police and Allied troops are searching Paris for German snip- ors or collaborationists who spoiled De Gaulle's big day. The snipers even invaded Notre Dame Cathedral where the General was holding a thanksgiving service in honor of the return of Paris to the French. In all, some 10 persons were reported wounded during the day and 2 killed. MODERN THUNDERBOLTS O nuiiNALLV designed as an extremely high altitude fighter, our Thunderbolts, like those of the ancient Norse God Thor, are striking not from the high skies, but from close to earth these days. The Thunderbolts of our air force, hundreds of them, have been equipped with rockets and these planes were used with appalling efficiency in attacking German columns as they were moving out of France. The Thunderbolts with their 2000-horse- powcr motors would dive bomb the harried columns and then release their swishing rockets, terrible instruments of destruction, particularly when fired at large ground tar- gels. In two days alone these P-47s smashed more than 1500 vehicles on the French roads. But the pilots say it seems odd to see the high altitude fighter, designed for the thin upper atmospheric regions, roaring and blasting along the hedges and roads of France, slightly higher than the tree levels and often only a few feet off the roads and fields. "PANTIGER" TANKS A IMY officer teams composed of former businessmen, attorneys and bankers now are starting extensive preterminalion (raining programs to aid war contractors in receiving quick settlement of claims in the event their contracts are suddenly terminated by the government. These "termination teams of the Army Air Forces Materiel Command are visiting large and small war plants on the Pacific coast. So complicated are the procedures of ending contracts when the government no longer needs war materials that it is necessary for trained army officers, skilled in banking and law, to assist the plants through the forest and maizes of red tape and adjustments deemed necessary before work stoppages. It should be emphasized that war production is still the first necessity—the war is not over by any manner of means and must be T oo few and too late—that is the truth in a phrase about some of Germany's late war innovations, but they have been of exceptional interest to our artillery, ordnance and air corps men, nevertheless. Most recent innovation of the Germans has been a 65-ton tank which the Allies call I the "Pantiger," evidently a combination of j the words "Panther" and "Tiger," names for j earlier and smaller tanks. I The new "Pantiger" is a monster with six-inch armorplatc and a gun which outranges anything else on such a carrier. Its sixe may be obtained when it is understood that the Tiger and Panther tanks, extremely formidable weapons, weighed 45 tons each. The "Pantiger" is 2, 1 } feet long and seems to be a Jules Verne dream come to reality. The Germans have not many of these monsters, or at any rate not many have been reported, and the first one captured has been of great interest to our ordnance men and lank specialists. GERMAN DILEMMA G KHMANY has another difficult decision to r make now: Whether to defend her Pas <le Calais rocket coast or whether to withdraw and save the army needed to encompass such a defense. The American Army is at the Marne and the movement of troops in force in this area means that one Hank of the Pas de Calais eoast is mil only threatened but is in imminent danger of being turned by our slashing advances which are even now so rapid as to increase the great problems of supplying our advance spearheads. The best thing that could happen to improve a depressed English morale would be to have the robot launchers put out of commission by the Allied armies. England has been told that the robots are of no military significance but the loss of scores of thousands of English homes and many thousands of persons killed by the bombs does not impress the English as being a harmless military manifestation. I ERNIE PYLE EDITOR'!* NOTE—Krnls Pile wirelessed that he will l>e nnalilp to resume his column for several days. War features will be subbed in plate of his feature. By EDWARD PARIS. Aug. 29.—In a hotel suite which a week ago was Gestapo headquarters, I heard from a half dozen Patroit leaders, a detailed account of Paris' great week of battle. A mild-looking, gray-haired little man, who acted as spokesman, told the story—particularly of the part of the police, who today are everyone's heroes and of the armistice the Germans requested to enable their withdrawal and then violated within a few hours. "It started last Saturday, August 19, when the Germans tried to disarm the police," he said. "The police refused and occupied the prefecture and the Hotel Devllle. There were only 100 police in the prefecture when the Germans sent the first tanks against them and they had only light arms. "They threw wine bottles full of gasoline at the tanks and destroyed three. They captured another, almost with bare hands you might say. And they took prisoners. The resistance movement soon rallied around the Hotel Deville and took the Isle de la Cite. Only these places were free then and they had few arm?. I know of one unit of men who had only three revolvers. "Two days later all had rifles and they had taken three heavy and many light machine guns, antitank guns, and several trucks. "Sunday we eliminated Germans in many quarters of the city. A few were still being hidden by collaborationists but we knew who those were and gradually weeded them out. "By this time the resistance general staff, which had been in existence two months had taken charge— men without names who were fighting to rid their city of the filthy Boche. Women and children were helping build barricades with paving blocks and anything else they could find. "Sunday ni^ht the Germans asked for an armistice through the Swed- W. BEATTIE ish consul. They apparently wanted ti;ne to use certain streets freely in order to leave Paris with whole skins. Before we could find out what they wanted they had broken the armistice themselves. "Monday morning they" sent four tanks against the Hotel Devllle. By then the Germans could use nothing freely except the outer boulevards. Inside the city the SS troopers were firing on the crowds. Germans were traveling on trucks with machineguns and ihey shot at anything that looked suspicious. "They killed four people chatting on the sidewalk at Port de A'in- cinnes and there were dozens of similar Incidents. They were firing from fenr, misieu. "Tuesday the Germans lost more ground inside the city but they retook Neullly and set fire to the big mills at Pontan where flour reserves were stored. And they began destroying their own fuel and ammunition depots. "Wednesday Ihey burned the Grand Palais near Roncl Pont on the Champs El5 p sees and turned machineguns on firemen who tried to extinguish the fire. "Thursday the centers of German resistance were in the Senate building in the Luxembourg Gardens, the ministry of marine, and the German Kommanduntur in the Place de L'Opera. They threatened to blow up the Senate and they were destroying what they could not move in a great fuel depot at Port de Vincenncs. "Last night Leclerc's first column arrived and it was a great moment. At 10 p. m. loudspeaker vehicle announced his arrival and the radio in Eiffel Tower called for the church bells to ring. "All of the bells began sounding even in districts still occupied by Germans. "That is the story of Paris, m'sieu. Paris tonight, as you see, is holding her head high again." Hollywood Oolomn (By EUSKINE JOHNSON'>Af t ter seven years of Hollywood stardom, lledy Lama IT confessed today that she hasn't liked a single one of her 14 motion picture roles. "I've never played a part like me yet," she said. "I may look like a leading lady but I'm really a character actress." The "Ecstasy" girl was stretched out on a couch in her dressing room. "My back is killing rne," she said with a lady-like groan. It was nothing new, she added. "I've had a kink in my back for years. I have to lie down every couple of hours." Before starting work at KKO in "Experiment Perilous," Hedy ordered a special couch for her dressing room. "Just a hard board covered witli something." But as we started to say, Hedy Lamarr has been disappointed with her film work. "Not," she said, "that I haven't had the chance to play a variety of roles. (I've been everything from a typical American girl to that dumb native In White Cargo. I even played an Italian opera singer on a radio show. But I've never been me. I've just been the scenery in pictures written for great men roles. I'd like to do a great woman's story. Maybe even play two characters in the same picture—a homely, beaten woman and a glamorous one." Hedy thinks "Experiment Perilous" is'the best opportunity she's had yet. She plays the wife of Paul Lukas, who is trying to drive her crazy. George Brent portrays a doctor with whom she falls in love. The plot is a great deal like "Gaslight," she had to admit. The period is even the same. In the book on which the film is based, though, the setting is modern. It was Hedy's idea to de-modernize the story. Women audiences, she figured, would not accept a modern woman being virtually imprisoned in her own home by her husband. "The 1S90 setting," she said, "makes the woman more believable." Besides, she's always wanted to do a costume picture. She has 24 changes of costume, 23 bustles and one lacy black negligee. For one scene in which she wears a heavy fur coat she perspired so, she said, the wardrobe department had to remake the dress she was wearing. "They always shoot those fur coat scenes on the hottest days of the year." Hedy has bad quite a lot to say about the picture. She personally selected the director, Jacques Tourneur, and two of the supporting players, Olive Blakeney and a radio actor, George Niese. She "thought" she had one more picture to make for M-G-iM. Her 7-year contract is expiring and she then wants to free-lance. "I really don't know much about it," she said. "My agent takes care of all that." She'll be glad to leave M-G-M, though. Her last picture there, "The Heavenly Body," was the last straw, she said. "We had so many different directors I lost track. I walked through the part. I didn't care. And when they cut the film they got even with me—they practically cut me out of the picture." Then, she said, the studio lent her to Warner Brothers for a role opposite Paul Henreid in "The Conspirators." "To punish me, I guess," she said. "It's just like all the pictures I've done. It's Henreid's picture. I'm the scenery." There's an interesting story behind the casting of Hedy in "Experiment Perilous." The RKO studio subscribes to the Gallup Poll. When the studio purchased the book, a Gallup survey was made to discover who the public wanted in the feminine lead. Hedy got 75 per cent of the votes. (Copyright. 1944, NBA Service, Inc.) From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1934) Marie Dressier, who died a few days ago will live in the memory of admirers at the Fox theater tonight in Tugboat Annie. Hans Roemer and his sister. Miss Martha, have returned from a five- week trip to Mexico. They report photography by Americans in Mexico is almost a forbidden art. Two-piano selections by Leroy Foster and Frank Hornkohl provided entertainment at last night's meeting of Soroptimist Club at Hotel El Tejon. Sister Mary Benignut, for many years a well loved member of Mercy Hospital staff, has returned to that institution. Bakersfiold cosmetologists will sponsor a beauty stylo show, first of its kind ever held here, with 30 models September 4, at Hotel El Tejon. Mrs. Nora Reub.scim heads the committee. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Call torn inn. this dale. 10:M) The Reverend Willis O. AVhite, who has been on leave of absence in southern California for eight months will return in January. Clara Morgan, state treasurer for Business and Professional Women's Clubs, will attend a board meeting in Los Angeles during the next week end. Mrs. H. R. Ppacock, district deputy, Order of Eastern Star, was honored at a reception Thursday night given by Security chapter under dispension at the Masonic temple. Harry Coffee Is on a buying trip to the New York markets. Ho is investigating the trend toward English style In men's clothing. Supervisors have allowed $30.000 in the budget for a county juvenile home. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The C'alifornian, this date, 1914) .Headlines: England Crushes Kaisers' Sea Squadron: Czar's Men Blaze Victory Trail Through Prussia: German Men-of-War Sunk by British Fleet. S. S. Smith of Redllck's store received a letter today from his brother in the war zone. The communication said that England Is giving first aid to stranded Americans. Mrs. J. AV. Tatum and two sons will return tomorrow from a five months' stay in southern California. Supervisors and the highway commission are now considering the proposed Santa Marguerita-McKittrick road. The home of Sol Schonover on North Street, Taft, was saved from being destroyed by fire by the quick work of the West Side fire department. As a result, the loss was only $100. The Reverend and Mrs. Edgar R. Fuller have returned from a stay in Los Angeles and the pastor will fill his pulpit in First Congregational Church tomorrow. line Readers* Viewpoint BLOOD NEEDED Editor The Californian: Today I received a letter from my son with the Eighth Army Air Force. In it he said, "Mom, we need blood so terribly, especially type 'O,' the universal type." He Is "A" and has been donating as well as the other boys there. Can't something be done? The Red Cross thought that maybe some way coijld be found to make trips to Los Angeles. Surely, Kern county could do something now, not six months from now; death doesn't wait for red tape. One person can't do this alone, but if we all get together it can be put over. Maybe If a scroll wen; made with all the names of donors to the "Kern County Blood Bank Christmas Fund" it might be an added incentive. I'll work day and night to help in any way I can. If possible will you place my article in the paper, word it as you please, and I'll be glad to pay for the item. Your Mr. Wilson knows me and knows I'm not a crackpot, even if my idea does sound crazy. Everything else is done to advertise Kern county, why not something like this. Thank you for your courtesy and lime in rending this letter and article. Sincerely. MAMIE L. HURD1CK. P. S. By having small amounts welcome, practically every family in the county could be In on it, as well as donate blood. There are a great many boys from here. CHILDREN IN CARS Editor The Californian: The idea put forth by a mother and of other interested persons like myself about children's welfare, Is a very good thing. I think something ought to be done about children that are left In cars at night while the parents are in cafes getting a few drinks and get so many that they forget about their children and don't think about them until the place closes at midnight and they are ready to go home or out to a dunce to finish up, especially on Saturday night. Sincerely, AX OBSERVER. FOR MR. KENNY Editor The Californian: A clipping, datelined Fresno, Calif., March 26, 1944, by the Associated Press, has been brought to our attention. The subject is a speech by Attorney-General Robert W. Kenny, before the Annual California State Sheriff's Association in Fresno on the above date. AVe quote there- from : "Reports we are receiving Indicate the country is being flooded with these souvenirs (war souvenirs brought back by returning servicemen) and unless something is done by the governmnt to stop the practice we may be in for a bad time after the war. These guns and knives look nice hanging on the wall, yet we must also remember that they can be used to settle some argument. Unless government officials take steps to check the bringing back of these deadly weapons, our efforts of 50 years in disarming the public may have proven futile. The members of this association are hunters and fishermen, accustomed to carrying and using guns, some of them have guns and knives hanging, as souvenirs, on their walls. They all feel that the right to bear arms, guaranteed by our Constitution, seems to be In direct conflict with 'Attorney-General Kenny's frank statement concerning this effort of 50 years standing by some officials in the interest of disarming the American citizen. Is Attorney-General Kenny in favor of disarming the public? Is Attorney-General Kenny instigating, or even appi'ovliiR of. some current attempt to disarm the public? Is Attorney-General Kenny aligned against the sportsmen and sportswomen of this country in any effort to deny them their treasured "right to bear arms?" If the answers to the above questions are yes, then the sportsmen of this state would do well to keep an eye on Mr. Kenny. If the answers are no, then Mr Kenny Is guilty of no more than a thoughtlesiPtvord, a careless speech—and should still be watched. -^ KERN RIVER FISH AND GAME PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION, By DON HALL, Secretary. Care of Senator Dorsey, Assemblyman Wei-dell. , FORTY YEARS AGO (Tha Californian. this dale. 1904) Dr. Bentley left Saturday night for San Francisco to receive treatment for an injury received when thrown from his buggy Wednesday. Randsburg will have a new Catholic church. A house occupied by II. Eberele and owned by Ardizzi-Olcese Company was burned to the ground last night. A gasoline stove burst into flames as Mrs. Eberle was cooking supper. A new roof Is being put on the S. P. roundhouse. First meeting of the Woman's Club this year was held Saturday at the home of Mrs. C. F. Hutchinson. Mrs. P. Gillespie was named chairman of a housing committee' for the organization. E. H. White has returned with his family from Camp Johnson. He reports a cloudburst Monday at that place. Alonzo Giboney was married Thursday to Mattie Grigsby. FIFTY' YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1894) AVages average $1.25 per day at the Maul orchard, where 50 hands are employed in picking and cutting fruit. James Ilutehinson is in charge of the work. Mrs. L. V. Olcesc Is again at her borne after an extended visit in San Francisco. Doctor Perry of Tehaeh- api is devoting his time to the development of his mine a few miles south of town. Jean Garlock killed an immense wildcat near Tehachapi. The animal stood 30 inches high and had been known to be stealing pigs and lambs. AVilliam Thomas sold a matched team of bay carriage horses to J. B. Grant of San Francisco for $H50. The Californian is now preparing to take orders for the finest copper plate printing and embossing. SO THEY SAY Women will either be out hootin' it up or doing something constructive, so we have to do something to make it so they can work—Maury Ma\«rick, Smaller War Plants Corporation chairman. After the treachery of Pearl Harbor, no one could possibly regard the establishment of forward American bases well to the west of Hawaii as evidence of aggressive intent.—Sydney, Australia, Morning Herald. The Germans were strictly rabble. They were tired, discouraged and sweaty. Many of them hod thrown away their arms. Some wore slippers.—French refugee in Normandy. PEN SHAFTS It's easy to get credit for being good—and cash for being good at what you do. It might be a good idea to rewrite all the cook books and simply leave out the butter. Every gain the Yanks and Russians make menns that many more unpronounceable names behind us. A New York insurance agent has lived 78 years without talking either one of his arms off. Beauty Is not only skin deep, but knee high. AVhy, certainly two can live on love—if love has a job. £ne News -(By PAUL MALLON)- AA'ASHINGTON, Aug. 29.—The headlines say: "Eggs lead upswing in cost of living." The announcement is made by Mr. Roosevelt's* labor secretary, Frances Perkins, who makes no comment. Around town, the common interpretation is that the President is getting ready to grant another general wage Increase before elections, and Miss Perkins is' submitting figures in advance to justify it. Simultaneously, coming to my desk, is a letter from Elmer Kennedy of a Colorado Typographical Union, objecting to my conclusion that labor gets its wage advances from business profits, and, therefore, is wrong in advocating increasing business taxation which will limit, its opportunity for future wage advances. He says (and all labor looks at It this way, through the wrong end of the spyglass) wages paid by business are considered expense, the same as taxes, cost of materials, etc., and profits arc what is left after the expenses are paid. Behind these two events lies the whole story of the unwise, if not suicidal course of current labor and political leadership on wages, taxes and profits. I think this can be demonstrated plainly and simply so all who lend an attentive eye and half a thought can see it. Every time a price goes up, all wages automatically decline to the same extent. Every cent more you pay for eggs, bread, fresh vegetables, fruit, etc., is a cent reduction in your pay. But does Miss Perkins, the labor secretary, protest? Do labor leaders fight the increasing of prices? Not at all. Oppositely, they seek out price increases, adjust their statistics so as to stress price Increase, in order to claim more wages. They do not have the consumers' interest in this basic matter, although they are consumers. They strive always to get ahead of the game with demands for wage increases, but are always behind it- Indeed, they do worse than that, from their own standpoint. They advocate wage increases which will directly cause price increases, and thus defeat themselves as consumers by their own leadership. How is the worker better off with a 50 per cent wage Increase if prices go vip 100 pel 1 cent, or even 51 per cent? Such a wage increase is really a reduction. Is this unwise, self-defeatist labor leadership duo to the fact that the union leaders are, after all, mainly politicians and, therefore, follow the ways of the politician rather than the true, wise, economic group interest? The official position of the unions on business profits Is Just as cockeyed to me. Yes, Mr. Kennedy, wages paid truly are expenses and only what Is left as profits are subject to taxes (except social security, etc.). But as these expense* increase, profits decrease or prices rise. There is no other way to pay increases. If labor keeps forcing prices uij by constantly Increasing wages, it will not only always be behind, but will cause inflation and the destruction of Its own recent wage gains. By increasing taxes on business, it likewise reduces the pot from which it draws Its Income. It destroys incentive capital and investment, and thus also a greater opportunity to work at increased wages. Labor, In simple common sense and self-interest, should advocate a decrease in business taxes (the opposite course to the one it is now pursuing) so there will be a greater availability of funds for wage increases. The fundamental interests of labor are the same as business. If there are no profits, there can be no wage increases. If prices are allowed to run continuously up, wage increases are false manna. Labor should crusade against prices and work for business profits. If labor leadership, by its current unwise course, destroys profits and hinders good business, there will be nothing left but government ownership through socialism or communism, and then your wage scale will be those of servants of the government and you will have unimaginative unenergetic business conducted by government, with less work, less production, less of a country. Remember government operation of the railroads in the last war! Look at government working conditions here today, inefficiency, waste, bureaucratic control, political pull for soft jobs, soft work but also soft pay—and no one has the right to strike against the government. I do not wish to overstate my case, but I think, in all common sense, labor is traveling the worst possible policies for its own best ends. (WcrldrnprrlRlil. 1014. by Klnu Failure! Sm- lirnte. JtK'. All rlphta resurved. lEeproituction In fu'l or jji pnrt strictly piolilblted.) W. IS kingfon Col uimn _ /R v AMiM STtrviru** — — The possibility that Paris will be robot bombed by the Germans is giving military people considerable cause for speculation. It may never come off. From the standpoint of waging effective psychological warfare, there are good reasons why the Nazis should not buzz-bomb Paris, and equally good reasons why they might be expected to do so. The dose of robot bombing which the Germans have poured out on London has not had the Nazi-desired effect of making the British people cry out for an end of the war. From that angle, robot bomb warfare has been a failure, though the average bomb kills one, wounds three, wrecks three houses and damages 100 more in a four-block area. Such punishment could hardly be expected to matte the people of Paris either love or fear the master race any more at this stage of the game—not after being kicked around for four years. But if the Germans at last realize that they are about to be defeated, there would be every reason for them to gain what little good will they could from the French people by sparing their capital from further ravages. The other aspect Is that the Nazis, having taken everything they considered valuable out of Paris, and feeling revengeful against the French for having failed to collaborate, might well decide that robot bombing of Paris would be no more than what the ungrateful Parisians deserve. The characteristics of the robot bomb make it particularly adaptable for use against Paris. The bombs are effective only against big targets, such as the London or Paris areas. Accuracy of the bomb flight is controlled by a gyro-pilot which can keep a relatively true course for all variations except windage. But even a little wind will throw a rifle bullet off aim, and in the case- of the 10- foot wing span, 25-foot long robot bomb operating over much greater distances, wind makes spot accuracy impossible. That is perhaps one reason why there have not been more bombs sent against southern British ports from Southampton to Dover. Their distance from bomb-launching . centers on the_French coast is much less than the distance to London, but even so, the fact that they offer a smaller target makes them less vulnerable. * The range of the rocket bomb now used—from 10U to 150 miles- has made it impossible for the Germans to set up their launching racks behind Calais on the French coast and reach London without difficulty in a flight of 20 minutes. Applying those distances to the Paris area, the French capital may not be considered safe from robot bombing until the Germans are driven beyond the Belgian border on the north, beyond Metz and Nancy on the east. In other words, the Germans could even now be building robot bomb centers in Alsace from the which to launch attacks on the French capital. All such calculations are based on the performance of the first V-l models of the one and two-ton robot bomb which have been used in attacks on London at the rate of about 100 a day since mid-June. Still to be heard from Is the German V-l! bomb, which, according to Nazi propaganda, will have greater range and a greater load of explosive. Latest speculation over the nature of this weapon credits it with being a high- angle rocket against which there would be practically no defense. ISMestions and Answers A THOUGHT FOR TODAY As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the Lord is round about his people front henceforth even for ever. — Psalms I2&:2. * • * Glorious indeed is the world of God around us, but more glorious the world of God within us.—Longfellow. Q. Can a member of the AVomen's Army Corps be sent overseas now if she does not wish to go?—A. E. M. A. The war department says that a member of the Wo-nen's Army Corps can be i-ent overseas even though she does not wish to go, as WACs are subject to the same regulations as male army personnel and may be assigned anywhere. Q. Was Field Marshal Baron Man- nerheim elected president of Finland?—P. B. S. A. He was appointed to succeed President Rytl and the Finnish Parliament approved a special decree legalizing his succession without election. Q. How long has jujitsu been known?—H. G. H. A. It was devised at least seven centuries before the Christian era by Japanese tribesmen who were loyal to the mikado in order to offset their lack of weapons. Q. How far underground are London's deep shelters against flying b&mbs?—M. E. M. A. The eight deep shelters recently opened to the public are •100 feet below the surface. CJ. How much does the federal government receive from the tax on jewelry?—AV. M. A- The retailers excise tax on jewelry amounted to $!>7,212,000 in I 1!)4:J and $73,513.000 in 1942. Q. Do the Turks use family names?—W. A. A. A law of the National Assembly of June, 1934, ' >rced every Turk to assume a family name. Q. Is there a patron saint of aviation?—J. McB. A. Our Lady of Loretto was chosen as the patron saint of aviation in 19*0. Q. How large is a brown "toear at birth?—M. C.A. A newly born brown bear is hairless and sightless and weighs about 1 pound at birth. Q. How long did it take George Gershwin to co-npose his Rhapsody in Blue?—O. L. R. A. It took less than a month. Q. When was paper money first printed in this country?—O. B. R. A. Paper money was adopted as a matter of necessity by the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1690 and gradually was issued by other colonies. In IStil Congress first authorized the issue of notes intended to circulate as rioney. Q. What kind of a game is Austus?—G. B. L. A. It is a new football game Invented in Australia in 1943 by American and Australian soldier teams. The name is formed from the combined abbreviations of Australia and,,, the United States. Q. Where are thq two largest pipe" organs in the W'l-ld?—A. W. G. A. The largest is in Convention hall, Atlantic City, N. J. It ha* 32,706 pipes. The second largest is the Grand Court organ in Wanamaker's Philadelphia store. Q. How are glass blackboards made?—P. E. M. A. A fine abrasive Is mixed Into the glass batch in the molten state and a smooth surface is produced which takes chalk well. Q. How much working thne Is lost each year by reason of hay fever? 1'. P. A. It has been estimated that 100,000 work weeks are lost yearly by hay fever sufferers. Q. When did baseball players begin to wear the present style uniform?—C. D. L. A. The Cincinnati Red Stockings Introduced the present style of uniform in 1868. Q. Did Mozart ever receive a degree?—M. C. L A. In J»ly, 1770, the Accademla Filarmonica of Bologna gave Mozart the degree of compositore. Q- AA'hat is the longest tunnel In the United States?—M. E. F. A. The longest tunnel in the United States is 'the one at Cascade, Wash., 7.79 miles in length. A icadrr on »«l th* inmer 10 in.? quest loo of 'ict bi writing The Kiktnttold Ciliforolin Information Uurnu ilia Ey* 8irt«l, N. E.. Wuhliuton, *. P. C. PIMM MicloM thrct (I) (•<nt> for '*&!>.

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