The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on August 28, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Monday, August 28, 1944
Page 14
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Monday, Aug. 28, 1944 Cbttonal $age of Ufa JJafeerstftefo Caltforntan ALFRED IT A R R E L f, • DITCH 4.ND PUBLISH** $akt.f$fieUl Entered In r*>»t office at Bakci sfle;*], Cal.rorni.t. ns prcond clnss mail under the act of Congress March 3, 1ST!). MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED FRESH Tb« Associated Press Is exclusively «*ntit'e-1 (n th» upf for r'lM'c.i- tton of all newa dispatches crHitctl to it rr n<>t M her wis? nerlued in this paper, and also the local news published iherem. The Bakeralield Californian is also n clien! nf The United J'.'ess and leceivcs ;ts rrmplrte wire tr\ x \r? HEPRESEXTAT1VEH Wcst-Hn^duy (*••• In.- New York, rhioiiffn, SHU Fi;inr,sr«x Los At-C'leJ, ifea 1 1 le. frVu tla nd, L'c-n\ er WASHINGTON. D. ( The HasKin Prrvire. Wn By carrier or mail (in advance' >n ;M.M«! zonr* r-r*-. t"n. thtr per month. £r>c; six n,i,nth.«, $."'.10 nn<? >^ar. ?'.' fi " Hv mail postal zones four to eipht, per -iTinth, J! r».0 AGAINST LIMITATION E ;iTr:N.\M'-(io\i;itM>i! Km.i) llntsi.n, dalc for 1'nited Sink's Senator, is definitely opposed to any attempt of the Bureau of Reclamation or Congress to ell'ect an acreage limitation clause before making water available for California farms. "I will be vigorously opposed to any action by Congress or any of tbe Federal bureaus whicli would attempt to deprive California farmers of the water rights they now use and have used in the past,'' the Lietitenanl- Governor said. "Any attempt to curtail the present use of water by invoking a HJO-acrc limitation clause would in my opinion be confiscation and I would oppose it with all the power at my command." he said. At Colusa the Lienteniint-Ciovernor made tbis commitment which will be eminently satisfactory to Kern county farmers, most of whom wish no restrictions placed on the sixe of their farms. Further endorsement of the amendment opposing the 100-acre limitation sought by tbe Bureau of Reclamation and Mr. Ickes, as secretary of the interior, was recorded here recently by the California Cattlemen's Association. The cattlemen adopted the resolution of Hie California Farm Bureau Federation, which organization it commends highly. "We regard the imposition of acreage restrictions under the Central Valley's Reclamation Project as being inequitable, economically and practically unsound, confisca- iory and socialistic in nature, the cattlemen wrote in their resolution. The cattlemen also urged the return of all land to tax rolls as soon as permissible— taking tbe stand that too much land has been withdrawn from taxation for government use, thus imposing higher taxes against remaining acreages. Tbe cumulative evidence against any restriction by acreage as a tenet of water use in tbe San Joaquin valley has become great, indeed, and is bolstered by the ollicial action of the Cattlemen's Association, and the Lieu- tenant-Govcrnor as well. LIGHTS IN EUROPE T HE lights may be going on again in Europe before long. They burned brightly in Paris as the Germans withdrew. Parisians, after four years of German domination, of civic and national gloom, saw their city sparkling again at night, the Paris of legend, of history, of fact and the nostalgic Paris whicli every world traveler loves to mention. The actual liberation of Paris was made possible by American and Allied armies, of course. The technical liberation of Paris, after its premature announcement, was made by one of France's few fighting generals. Jacques Le Clerc, and this is his assumed name, his own being withheld, obviously, with the consent of the Allies. The fact that Brigadier-General Le Clerc, commander of the French Second Armored Division (equipped with American arms and munitions) entered Paris and elVectcd the technical liberation, emphasized the fact that France has two generals of moment, DC Gaulle, the political general, and Le Clerc, the fighting general, but it will be De Gaulle who heads the parades and receives the acclaim of France, for while he has done little or no fighting for France, of the kind that distinguished Le Clerc, he has been the man who stood fast when France had bowed to Germany. It was DeGaulle who symbolized the "fighting French," who maintained the French destiny politically and who, now that the Battle of France is won, will be permitted by the Allies to ride the crest of liberation. STATE GUARD K tRX COUNTY already has one battalion of the State Guard with the headquarters company in Bakcrsfleld and other companies in Tehacbapi, Kcrnville, Arvin, Raiidsburg and Delano. The State Guard here is seeking Other volunteers to serve one night a week, meeting at the fairgrounds for regular drills and training. Tbe organization is equipped with Enficld rifles, Thompson submachine guns and issue uniforms for summer and winter. In a communication to unit commanders from the adjutant-general's department at Sacramento it is pointed out that: "Many persons think of the Stale Guard only as a protective unit called out in times of emergency. Little recognition is given the fact that a group of trained men can function as »n intelligent force, whether they serve in an official capacity or strictly as quick-thinking citizens who know what to do and how to do it in time of need." A recent example of tine service given during a disaster was the work of the Stale Guard after the explosion at Port Chicago. Governor Karl Warren has called upon the men of California to volunteer for this service in the State Guard if they have the time and inclination and wish to assume duties which may at any time become of great importance to the slate. The California Stale Guard is in reality a "home guard." It is composed of citizens between IS and (i I years of age. No guard unit may be sent outside the boundaries of its home county without its own consent. No guard unit may be drafted into the army, though the army gives the State Guard excellent support in the matter of equipment and assistance. After receiving basic training, guard units are available in times of emergency to give protection to their own communities. Members drill two and one-half hours a week. RETURNING FLIERS in; vast scope and numerical strength of our air force now fighting throughout the world is indicated by ollicial figures showing that 5000 fliers a month are being sent home to the United States for rest and "processing" under the A. A. F. personnel distribution command, beaded by Major-General Hubert R. Harmon. It is reported that 91 per cent of the officers and N2 per cent of the air crew members are found to be physically fit for flying and a return to duty after a period of rest. As Californians know, one of the three distribution centers for this "processing" is at Sanla Monica, California. The other two centers are at Atlantic City and Miami Beach. We have so many men in the air force now that some of the crews are being sent home for rests before completing the required number of missions, it was reported. Not so long ago thousands of men were diverted from the air forces into the infantry as the air force was said to be ovcrsupplk'd. Many Bakersfield fliers have passed through the city enroulc to the big Santa Monica redistribution center where they rest, are checked over physically and then classified again and sent to new services. The men in the best condition may gel reassignmcnts eventually either in this country as instructors or, as may later develop, for action in the Pacific against Japan. This seems an imminent probability. CIVILIAN MORALE T III;SI: headlines were noted in two different newspapers: "U. S. Must Dispose of Huge. Food Stockpile, Says Marvin Jones, War Food Administrator," and "Army Leaving Large Amount of Supplies Along Alcan Komi." Obviously these headlines are not going to do civilian morale much good. We are told by various government agencies to conserve this and to conserve that and then we find that perhaps we have conserved too much. The Army reports large amounts of supplies and equipment abandoned along the Alaska Highway. Kven charges were made in the Canadian House of Commons that Army engineers were destroying serviceable materials as they closed up 150 camps along the highway. Good tires were reported abandoned, too. We learned from Mr. Jones, the war food administrator, thai this country was over- pessimistic concerning the needs of liberated areas for foods and that our tremendous food stockpiles in Europe may have to be disposed of to prevent disruption of the home markets. Italians, it was reported, had buried food and were depending upon American handouts. French people, particularly in Normandy, were found well fed and in good condition. Certainly in other sections of Europe, notably Greece, some of this food might do incalculable value where children are starving lo death. Is poor administration involved in these reports? Certainly people do not wish lo conserve materials at their own expense only lo find that there is no use for them. This is not good for civilian morale. WAR WORKERS DIE G oviiHNoit EAHI. WAHHKN is now the recipient of a report on industrial accidents in California for the war production front. The startling thing about this report is thai more Californians have been killed in war production here at home than on all our combat fronts. Up until July 1 the number of Californians killed on all combat fronts totaled 151(5. The number of Californians killed in war production totals 1657 for the same period of time. The State Department of Industrial Relations reported to the Governor that the accident rate for California has fallen oft* since 1914 on a basis of the number of accidents to the number of slate population. ERNIE ON THE WESTERN FRONT (By Wireless).—You may have wondered how that British pilot happened to be found after lying for eight days unnoticed, trapped in his wrecked plane. Well, as I told you, a bullet had clipped the balls of his right-hand forefinger, clear to the bone. He had put his cream-colored handkerchief over them to stop the bleeding. As the wound dried, the handkerchief stuck to his fingers, and to pull it off would have been painful It still stuck to his fingers all through the of getting him out; it was still clasped in his hand as the ambulance jeep drove away with him. To go back, through the days of his waiting he had that handker- chiefed right hand stuck through a little hole in the plane's side, moving it slowly back and forth. Just after I had stopped the day to talk to Lieutenant Ed Sasson in the field, two mechanics from an armored division came down the road in a jeep. They were looking at the wrecked plane as they drove along, and suddenly they saw this slight movement. They stopped and went over to make sure, and they found inside there one of the brave men of this war. That's when they came running for us. Tin; two boys to whom this British flight lieutenant owes his life and Sergeant .Milton Van Sickel of Brainard, Minn., and Corporal William Schinke of Gresham. Neb. At last \ve had the pilot out of the plane and on a stretcher under the wing. The doctor took some scissors and started cutting away his clothes. It must be hot in those cockpits in flight, for the pilot wore nothing but short trousers and a blue shirt. The doctors cut off the pants and then the shirt. The pilot lay there naked. He was a man of magnificent physique. The calves of his legs were large and athletic. In the calf of the left leg was a round hole as big as an apple. But to our astonishment, there was no deterioration of flesh around it. The wound was already healing perfectly. The leg wasn't even burned, as he had told us. What then could it have been that we smelted In the plane? We turned him over and then we saw. His back was burned by spilled gasoline, from his shoulders to the end of his spine. It was raw and red. He had been forced to lie on it all the time, unable to move. At last festering bad started, and then gangrene. We could see the little blue- green mouldy splotches. That was what we had smelled. He didn't know about that. The odor had developed inside his little cubbyhole so gradually that he hadn't been aware of it. lie was shocked by the smell of fresh air, bi.t lie still didn't know about the other. He had been worried only about his leg. I don't know what the doctor really thought. The pilot was obviously in wonderful physical shape, considering such an ordeal. The doctor told him so But he looked a long time at that gangrenous back, | and then temporarily bandaged it. i As they were working on him, the doctor asked if the pilot had a wallet or any papers. He said yes, his had been in bis hip pocket. The doctor lilted the Wood-smeared pants and . ut the wallet out with a pair of scissors. From the other pocket he cut a silver cigarette case. "That's good, old boy." the pilot said. "I'm grateful that you found that." We asked him if he had a wrist watch. He said yes. but it had fallen off and was probably In the debris where he had been lying. But we couldn't find it, and finally gave it up. As he lay on his stomach on the stretcher they tried a metal splint around his wounded leg. While they were doing this I bathed his head again in water from a canteen. A soldier lit another cigarette and gave it to him. It dropped through his fingers onto the wet grass, and became soaked. I lit another one and put it in his fingers. He took a long, deep drag, and put bis head down on the litter and closed his eyes. The morphine finally was making him groggy, but it never did put him out. The cigarette burned up almost to his fingers. An officer said, "It's going to burn him," and started to pull it from between his fingers. But the pilot heard and lazily opened his eyes, took another puff, and with his thumb pushed the cigarette farther out in his fingers. Then he closed his eyes again. He lay there for a few minutes like that. Then again he rolled those great eyes up and said to me: "What date did you say this was?" I told him. "That's wonderful," he said. "My wedding anniversary is just three days away. I guess I'll be back in England for it yet." He wouldn't, but everybody said "sure, maybe you will." The medics were all through. They covered the naked pilot with a blanket and carried him to the road. Everybody in our little crowd loved the man who had the heart to be so wonderful. As they put the stretcher down in the gravel road, waiting for the jeep to turn around, one of the armored division soldiers leaned over the stretcher and said with rough emotion: "If you'd been a German you'da been dead five days ago. You British have got guts." From the Files of The Californian TEX YEARS AGO (The Culil'orninn, IhlRilute. lf.",O A cigarmaker in Tampa, Fla., committed suicide when he lay down nude in a hornets' nest and was stung to death. He received more than 200 stings. Miss Margaret Cremer anil William Waters, Jr., were married Saturday evening by the Reverend John Murdoch. John Richardson, Kansas cyclist, was a visitor in P.akersl'ield today on a 5100-mile bicycle trip. He expects to make Delano by nightfall. Mrs. Laura Nichols hns returned from a summer spent in the south. Mr. and Airs. Alfred Ames and small son are visiting relatives in Humholdt county. Exceptionally heavy voting In a number of Bakersfielti precincts was reported here today by County Clerk F. K. Smith. He predicts a 70 per cent vote for the day. Jrl oily wood! Oolitiinn -(By EHSK1NE JOHNSON).- Kxcluslvely Yours: Jon Hall still doesn't think that certain fight was funny even though he's been in stitches ever since. The radio networks, incidentally, have finally clamped down on gags about the affair. Censored from the air was this prize one: Ransome Sherman said he'd like to do the balcony scene. "From Romeo and Juliet'.'" be was asked, "No," be replied. "From Dorsey and Hall." Leo "Dead End Kid" Gorcey's ex- wife and Groucho Marx have discovered each other. John Hodiak is trying to change Anno Baxter's mind about never marrying an actor. Little Anne is Hollywood's undisputable nomination as the symbol of G. 1. Joe's ideal "girl he left behind." She's playing her seventh successive "left behind girl" in "Sunday Dinner for a Soldier." Charlie Winniger is rounding out his fiftieth year as an actor. Sex bo: "Aging never yet spoiled a good ham." Minna Gombell finally has won her fight for sympathetic roles after playing the toughest dames in Hollywood. She's a nice, pleasant lady in V'niversal's "Night Life." Has it ever been printed that Gloria de Haven made her film debut as Paillette Goddard's kid sister in the Charley Chaplin film "Modern Times"? Alan Ladd checks back into the army September 4. He's been reclassified 1-A after getting a medical discharge six months ago. There's always a good story behind a good movie. "Double Indemnity" has a swell one. The picture was made because two secretaries were too busy reading the novel to answer telephones. Director Billy Wilder buzzed his secretary, Helen Hernandez, one morning several months ago- He yyanted her to check a luncheon date with Producer Joe Sistrom. Helen didn't answer. He investigated, found her curled up on a couch, completely absorbed in the book "Double Indemnity." So he telephoned Sistrom himself. Sis trom's phone didn't answer . . . sec retary reading "Double Indemnity." Wilder and Sistrom borrowed their secretaries' copies, stopped answer ing the telephones, too, and two days later had Paramount buy the screen rights. Mickey Rooney's first date on a 10-day furlough in Hollywood was with his estranged wife, Ava Card iner. The Andrews Sisters have named their San Fernando valley ranch "The Eight-to-the-Bar Ranch." Accuracy loses another round in Hollywood's battle between fact and fable. Ginger Rogers plays a gal just released from prison in "I'll Be Seeing You." The makeup department gave her a gray makeup to emphasize prison pallor. Producer Dore Senary took one look and said, "Take that stuff off. She looks like a ghost." Result: Ginger looks as glamorous as ever after serving her prison term- Now it can be told angle on "The Intruder," Lester Cowan's screen version of "Tomorrow the World." Cowan offered the role of Fredric March's sister to Mrs. March (Florence Elridge). She turned it down because she felt the thought of playing her husband's sister would be psychologically wrong. Agnes Moorehead got the part. Lana Turner and Tuhan Bey think it's spring. John Wayne has asked the victory committee to send him to the China front when he completes R. K. O.'s "Duel in the Sun." A Hollywood agent, reports Lloyd Bacon, was high-pressuring a producer to cast one of his feminine clients in a new film. Finally, the producer said, "I positively can't use this girl. She's the type who has gender, but no sex." like Readers' Viewpoint KIHTOII'S NUTK—I/fllt™ shou|4 be limited lo ISO words; may attack Ideas but Dot persons; mint not De abusive and ilmiild'be written leiilblj and on one ald« of tht- paper. The fallfornlan la out resiionslble tot the sentiment! rontalnrd therein and reserves the right to rejsct anj letters. l«tlrrs must bear an authentic adrirew and ilunalnre, although these will be withheld If desired. UNEMPLOYMENT WAGES Editor The Californian: I see where the New Deal wants to pass a law to pay the war workers $3<"> a week unemployment compensation. I know a 22-year-old boy who Is making $100 a week in a plane factory. The boys wages are paid by the plane factory who gets the money from tho government, who in turn gets the money from you and I through the pay check income tax deduct and our .bond purchases. It' this law passes this hoy would draw $;!5 a week when the factory lays him off until he finds another job. I certainly do not want to see this boy go hungry after the war but I think $:)f> a week Is going just a little too strong and I object especially when I have worked for 34 long years trying to provide for my own old age security. Government has taken over the Job for me now and I donit have anything to do with It anymore. Along with this responsibility that government took off my shoulders, however, they take about 35 per cent of my income through taxation. I don't have anything to do with that money any more either. I would rather handle my own money because I can spend it a lot more wisely than government. I would not, for Instance, hire high priced professors to print a 148-page book on the love life of the American flea during a paper shortage, manpower shortage and in the middle of a war. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION Editor The Californiun: A careful analysis of American history demonstrates that our nation has for the most part progressed in spite of our Presidents than because of them. We have had a few Presidents who possessed the qualities of leadership and statesmanship. And a large number who possessed neither. That the people elect them because of stupidity and the faulty machinery of selecting them was in no case their fault. To hate Roosevelt Is a symptom of simple-mindedness. And anyone who hates Hoover should also have his head examined. Fortunately at the present time we have two men running for that high office, either of whom is well qualified for the position. And, believe it or not, whatever the result the immediate future of America Is safe. And you may take it from me, which ever loses will lose with grace and dignity. .1, W. HICKS. 525 Crawford street. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY The merciful man docth good to his OIVH soul: but he that is cruel troitbleth his own-flesh. — Proverbs 11:17. • * * Sweet mercy is nobility's true badge.—Shakespeare. '. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Oalifornian, this dfite. 1!t24) Headlines: Judge Will Give Decision In Loeb and Leopold Case September 10. Berlin .May Disapprove Da WPS' Plan. Mrs. .1, R. McCall and son, .Ten-old, left Wednesday to visit Mr. McCall's mother in Oakland. Malcolm Brock will represent Kern County Chamber ot Commerce at a conference in I.os Angeles tomorrow. Only one petty theft lias been reported at police headquarters in more than two days and this was a spotlight taken from the automobile of I,. M. Saffell. The sheriff's budget has been cut $200 in spite of the fact that twice as many prisoners were cared for this year as last. Dr. Charles H. Fox has invented a new-style pump. He has been working for 30 years on the invention. Roger Babson, statistician, said today: "\Ve can never have prolonged prosperity in this country unless nil important groups have fair purchasing power and the disposition to use it." THIRTY YEARS Af.O (The Cnlifnrnlnn, this date. 191O Headlines: British Sink Five German Vessels, One Afire. News censorship is growing more severe in all countries involved in the present war. A baby picture of Orville Armstrong, son of Mr. and Mrs. O. M. Armstrong, appears in today's issue of The Californian. Mr. and Mrs. H. K. Harlem' have returned from a vacation in Los Angeles and Ocean Park. Mr. and Mrs. Edgar F. Wasem and baby have been visiting at San Francisco. Wiley Gillen is advocating the formation of a farm labor group in the valley. Eleven thousand five hundred volumes are now contained in the enlarged county library. Only clerical changes remain to be made before the city' charter is presented Monday night. N ews .in ike Ne ws -(By PAUL MALLON)WASHINGTON, Aug. ?8.—The Democratic senators chirruped choruses of denunciation at fJovernor Dewey upon his demand for small nations' protection in the postwar world—then suddenly they went quiet. Tom Connally, their foreign .relations chairman, had said at first that Dewey had staged a Luftwaffe attack upon the Dumbarton conference. A few days later he was beaming benignly upon the Republicans, and saying in a Senate speech they had been exceptionally cooperative on foreign policy. The change is attributable to State Secretary Hull. Mr. Hull was the first to realize—indeed, he seems still the only one now firmly to insist — that a peace imposed by a majority will not endure even among the United .Nations; that the opposition will one day get into power here, perhaps soon; that unity at homo as well as among the nations of the world is essential if anything constructive is to eventuate. He has been the leading force for restraint in an emotional world debate. Hut the matter is constantly being pushed off the plane he wanls, into politics and confusion. Comes now the Foreign Policy Association, for instance, thinking to defend him against Dewey. In an involved and circuitous collection of assertions, it seems to conclude Dewey is wrong and small nations can only be protected through domination by the Big Four powers. Furthermore, two columnists who are supposed to be outstanding international experts, have entered a radio debate which whirls the whole issue into vortex. The ousted Hull assistant, Mr. Welles, and Mr. Hull's constant kibitzer, Mr. Lippman (whose recommendations on international affairs have never been followed by any government in any instance as far back as my memory runs, though he sells them to the public three times a week in book's annually)—these two, as I say, have become hopelessly involved in such technicalities as the respective degree of sovereignties of Japan and Germany in postwar. These developments take a simple proposition and stretch it to monstrous incongruities. The proposition was this, before all these stretchmen took hold of it—and it still is this: Dewey urged that the interests of small nations be better protected and suggested a specific way to do it. He recommended that the Dumbarton Oaks conference keep the military world setup separate from economic agreements. He and Mr. Dulles, in FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 190O Bakersfield people are returning from vacations in preparation for opening of school September 12. Buildings are'being renovated and at Baker Street School two handball courts are being built. C. A. Barlow left this morning for his mines near TonopahT Personal property taxes are now due at the office of A. Weaver, treasurer. Hunting and shooting on Tejon ranches and leased land is strictly prohibited by order of the superintendent. Jack Monroe went down before Champion Jim Jeffries in the second round in San Francisco last night. Russia announces that if Port Arthur falls the war will still go on. Natives in the Philippines are making much trouble. They attack troops and defy authority. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dntc. 1894) There is an ice famine owing to the non-arrival of cars ordered. The commodity is probably melting on side tracks up the line. A muskmelon weighing 45 pounds was presented to The California)] by John W Green today. It is reported that COO signatures have been signed to a petition to submit the liquor question to a vote. Miss Jessie Gilbraith, employe for several years on the Californian as a compositor, left left night to make her home in San Francisco. She was a favorite in the office and the paper regrets that bad health made it impossible for her to continue. Addie Ferris of Caliente and Morris Dewey of Pomona were married Friday. Mrs. L. Guhm, who has been ill is now enjoying good health. SO THEY SAY When the boys were returning at night from one particular attack, many of them wondering how they were going to land damaged planes in thu dark, Admiral Mitscher turned on the searchlights, disregarding the danger of submarine attack. One reason for the high morale of our people is that we know we will be taken care of.—Commander Ernest M. Snowden, back from the Pacific. The time is overdue when we must stop distinguishing between the Nazis and the German people. The so-called decent Germans stood by speechless while towns were destroyed and millions were murdered. Norwegian Ambassador Wilhelm Morgenstierne. The heart of Germany's ability to make war lies in the Ruhr- If Europe is to attain a sufficient degree of economic stability the benefits of Ruhr production have to be available to all thu countries of Europe.— Thomas 10. Dewey. PEN SHAFTS The Na; say the bomb tosser in the Hitler case lost control of himself. And, unfortunately, of the bomb. 1-aY If the FBI really wants to round up saboteurs, we know some people who leave soap on shower bath floors. A factory Investigator finds that woman can endure noise as well as men can. Why not, after years of training at bargain sales? After finishing the comic strips, if you want another laugh, turn to page one and read how mobile the German army is. Cheer up! Summer has mighty near burned itself out! their conferences, started searching for a way in which small nations would not be overridden by the power of the Big Four, and they hit upon this formula. Their reasoning is rather obvious. A small nation Is a small nation and no one proposes to make them all big. The military might of the world will remain, after the war, largely wifh Russia and the United States, not with small nations, and not even with Britain and China. No peace can change that. Also Russia and the United States will have the greatest political power in the world. This is a fact of geography, Industry, raw materials, manpower. It cannot be altered by the peace either. Now Mr. Hull proposed to protect the small nations by safeguarding their sovereignty. This is largely a negative guarantee, but a powerful one. It would transfer the American conception of individuality to the world. People in this country are not actually born equal, the Declaration of Independence says, but they have equal rights in law. Hull proposes there will be no monopoly of raw material and economic and financial domination by the Big Four, but Dewey says this Hull hope is too vague (indeed, financial domination already has been hinted by the Brettou AYoods conference, although the oil agreement might possibly develop more in line with Hull policy.) Dewey goes father and says the Hull way will not be effective, that a more certain way to accomplish the result is to keep the arrangements for world security separate from world trade, finance, etc. In. short, he says, do not use your military domination in politics, economics, trade; put them on a more equal plane. The only question is whether the Dumbarton conference will choose that way, or the way the Russians seem to want to go. Neither the Russians nor British seem to want as much freedom for small nations as either Dewey or Hull. They favor collective security, collective economics, collective finance, collective trade. All politics and confusion aside, the facts suggest Dewey has made a constructive demand upon the conference, and Hull knows it and ia using it. I suspect Hull cares more about getting his peace treaty ratified in the Senate, 'than about presidential politics. (Wcrld copyright, 1PI4. by Kins features Syndicate. Inc. AH rights reserved. Reproduction In full or in uart strictly prohibited.) Was In n git oil • (By ANN STEVICK)The goldfish bowl jn which Surplus War Property Administration's doing are supposed to take place for all to see is being wired lor sound. Mr. Allen Walker, old-timer in public relations and for many years an officer of New York Guaranty Trust Company, has been appointed by Administrator Will Clayton to beam policy information. The information setup will have the confounding two-way job of handing out technical information to potential buyers of a stock ranging from multi-million-dollar plants to girdles and toothbrushes, while keeping the public contented with news of what goes on. Policy makers at SWPA including Mr. Walker see the solution in Mr- Walker's general information office, plus "spot" information offices to hand out specific details of sales from seven or eight designated disposal agencies, including Treasury Procurement, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, navy, War Food Administration. Mr. Walker won't guess with you at the value of the surplus wares about which he's to inform the nation. Others estimate goods actually to be turned over from military stocks for disposal here is worth from (i to 125 billion dollars overall surplus at home and abroad. While Mr. Walker informs on surplus war property being disposed under Mr. Clayton's administratino set up by presidential edict of February, 1944, Congress is worrying out legislation—known as the Colmer bill—to establish it. Some congressmen. Including Mr. Jerry Voorhis and Mr. Chet Holifield of California, are stumping for sales methods that will give veterans, small farmers and businessmen a better chance. Air. Walker believes that surplus must go through existing merchandising machinery, can't be parceled out over a nation-wide bargain counter. In practice this school of thought prevails in SWPA. While congressional exponents of small-lot sales urge their beliefs in the House, members have brought in reports of a sale of 100,000 mattresses, sold in minimum lots of 600 and up. Lots of 600 sold for $4.2F>, bigger lots, $3.85. That, the small- lot exponents pointed out, pulls the mattress out from under a veteran or the corner retailer who'd like to replenish his stocks with a dozen mattresses. Mr. Voorhis' amendment to give small business a better chance is temporarily in the bill, to be bandied about later. Some other two-faced troublesome things In the bill lead members of Congress to sing the. policy blues. Mindful of possible aid to monopolies by selling vast war plants to certain enterprises, Congress requires that no aluminum or synthetic rubber plants shall be sold without a preliminary report to Congress. Mr. Voorhis points out that what's good for aluminum and rubber i3 good for petroleum products anil chemicals. Small business watchdogs also want to fix the clause allowing an owning agency such as army or War Food Administration to dispose of property for war production or aa designated by the surplus administrator without being restricted by section 11, which demands first consideration for public, educational, or charitable institutions, veterans or small business, and is supposed to prevent unusual and excessive profit and fostering of monopoly. Mr. Walker cited one such sale. Army rented $10,000,000 worth of equipn ent to General Motors for war production. G. M. decided to buy it before it was declared surplus in order to make firm their reconversion plans. Army as owning agency said sure, we'll give you the customary 5 per cent discount. G. M- said what customary 5 per cent discount'-' We'll take the regular 15 per cent disposal deterioration. No matter how the legislation emerges, Mr. Walker foresees other transactions that will give him grief. There may be a million gallons of camouflage paint, a fairly costly product, especially composed to ruls off easily. Mr. Walker doesn't know anyone who wants it bad enough so taxpayers won't scream "Gyp!" at the price. With diverse disposal problems, Mr. Walker says speed is the most important factor. He plans to keep his information setup in high gear to help get rid of government property while there's demand enough to create a seller's market. nestions and A nswers Q. Are all army and navy personnel equipped with parachutes, when in planes of all types on all missions?—M. T, N. A. The war department says that pilots of troop carrier aircraft and troops carried by plane and glider aro not required to wear parachutes. Nor are paraciiutes required in air evacuation planes, although in both cases they are authorized. In liaison type aircraft the commanding officer of the unit will decide whether or not personnel wear parachutes. All other personnel, including passengers in air transports, fighter and bomber pilots and crews, are required to wear parachutes. The navy department says that all naval personnel are equipped with parachutes when in planes of all types on all missions. Q. What Is planked steak?—R.C.D. A. A true planked steak Is cooked on a specially made "plank" about tho size of a platter which contains grooves to catch the gravy. The charred wood is supposed to give the steak an especially fine flavor. Q- Are caterpillars used as food anywhere?—G. L. E. A. In Africa many tribes consider them a great delicacy and as-many as 20 different varieties are collected as being edible. Q. What did Jesus say about war? C. B. A. The only words that Jesus said about war occur in Matthew 24:6 "And ye shall hear of wars and rumors of wars." Q. Does former Governor Alfred E. Smith receive a pension from the state of New York?—D. W. A. The records show that former Governor Alfred E. Smith receives a* retirement allowance of approximately $6100 a year. This amount will be paid him annually as long as he lives in accordance with the retirement law. Q. When did Billie Jennings become director of the San Diego Zoo? L. E. A. A. Mrs. Jennings took the position of bookkeeper in 1925. Two years later, because of her outstanding work, she was appointed head of the staff, and became the only woman zoo director in the world. Q. How many airplanes has the United States produced since Pearl Harbor?—B. B. H. A. According to a recent report^of the Aircraft Production Board, the United States has produced a grand total of 171,257 planes since the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, 1941. Q. Who wrote the hymn, "Lord Guard and Guide the Men Who Fly? P. C. W. A. It was written by Mary C. D. Hamilton and Henry Baker and ia sung to the tune of "Quebec L. M." It appears in the Army and Navy Hymnal. A reader can tet the answer to any question of 'act b; writing Toe Uak«r«li«m fallfornlan Information Bureau, SIS E;* Street, N. E., Washington, a. D. a Plus* saclot* three (3) etoti for reply.

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