Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas on December 3, 1907 · Page 1
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Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

Iola, Kansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, December 3, 1907
Page 1
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1 VOL. EC. v*. MI. wktie H«. SIX rAte idLA, KAKSAS, DBCEMBEB S, 1907^TUESDAT ETEHIHfl. nZ FAflBSi niCB TWO do. M MUST SECURE TEN BE* CBUITS DISBAND. . ORDER FR0M3TATE OFFICERS KIEW RECRUITS ABE EXPECTED ]xt NEXT MEETING, HOWETEB. CpmpAiiles at Panons, AtclMaoB and Toi><^(i Hate Already Been Mnstered Ont Ibia may lose Its company of National Guards unless Captain Baxter McClain Is able to enlist some more mien In the company before the 21st ot January, 1908. Captain McClatn Is Ini receipt of a letter from the Kansas National Guard headquarters statlni; thlat he will be expected to bring the enlistment of Company M, the Ida ciHnpany, up to the minimum number ofl fifty-eight men liy the 2l8t of Jann- aityj, next year. rThat the bead officials mean what they say is proven by the fact that the companies whicb were stationed at Tobeka, Atchison and Parsons, Kan- ssis, have all been ordered mustered otit^ and the company disbanded. The Parsons company was the last to be mbstered out, it being done this mbiith. lAt the present time Company M has a Itotal enrollment of about Xorty-eight men. and Captain McQlain will be forced to secure ten more men in or- delr to keep the company here in lola At the meeting, of the; company last nijsht one new recruit was taken in and more are expecting to join. The anna'al Inspectloa of the company Is id-, be held some time between now and the first of the year but the exact date has not yet been decided upon. JThe following is a list of men and oincerB required by the state ps a minimum enrollment: One captain, first, lieutenant, second lieutenant, first sergeant, quartermaster sergeant, four sergeants,. six corporals, t6 cooks, two musicians and forty- privaloa. waa pay night for the Bd aoroettaing like one was itaid out to the nlemberi of the company. SAYS "NOT GUILTY'.' AVnoaneement of Bradley Gary's >e»-. diet Follawrd by Applause. ~ "WiTshlngton, Dec. 3.—The jury in tie dase of Mrs. Aitnie M. Bradley, cl [drged with murder of former Senator Brown, of Utah, this morning bk>ught in a verdict of not guilty. The jury reached the court room at ten eight \Mien the court asked if they h^d reached a verdict the foreman answered "We have." "Wiat is your verdict?" i "Not guilty." IA demonstrative applause followed the announcement. ! The jury practically stood one to obe for acquittal, until the first ballot ii|hen a lone juror who was holding ojut for some form of punishment, save in. The court room was filled , ith spectators, the majority of whom Here women. The room was so quiet one could hear a pin drop. All eyes * ere fastened on the jury while the t )reman, James L. Feeney, n«frvou8ly catcbed in his hand the document t lat meant so much to the frail and ' n ervouB wrecked woman in the prls- oaer's chair. A moment of tenpe excitement followed the reading of t^e verdict. iSome one in a group of women spec- tktors murmured. "Thank God." wnth ijappressed excitement Mrs. Bradley watched the jury. There were tears in her eyes but she bore up bravely, as'men and women pressed npon ier their congratulations, t Mrs. Bradley was immediately discharged from custody and left the court house in an automobile fdllow- itag an ovation. She will-leave In a WW days to join her sister in Gold- ^eld, Nevada.' MA YOB ISSUES .' raOCLAMATION. HnmlmMt Official BeatTM Qnanntlne Ffvm PnMkJ^iiMbigt. Mayor Mathlaa oil Humboldt, believing that the ep|demlc,of contagious diseases there bad rfbated sufficiently for the restrictionB on public gatherings and church aervices to be remored, Issued the' following proclamation: Believing that the lieahb conditlop of our city have so far improved that no further danger can exiat from contagious disease I heriby proclaim that the restrictions plac^ on the holding of church servlce.a public gatherings and meeting of all kinds as provided in my former proclamation are Hereby removed, comencing at 6 a. m. Sunday, December Ist, 1907. I desire to thank the people of our city for the manner in which instnic- tions in my former proclamation were followed, and believe tbat with a little precaution in the future the diseases with which we have had to contend can be thoroughly stamped out; Q. V. MATHIAS. Mayor. HANDLEI452 POUNDS Record at Local Post Office Broken Yesterday. Yesterday more maii, according to weight, was handled by the post- office force than ever iU the history of the lola post office. "Che clerks yesterday handled 1452 pounds of mail. Had every piece of mail matter weighed the same as a letjer the clerks would have handled just 11,616 pieces of mail. The extra aqiount of mall handled by the office yesterday was the result of several jtiBrchants about town putting out advertising' matter through the mails. ' ' No less important ip post office circles is the fact that In the month of November this year, ;thJe receipts of the office amountad tci 25 per cent more tlian the month. o.f November, 1906. Both of the fiRiihcs show that the lola post office is doing more busi- *«s than ever before ind the business done by a' post plljce is always the key of the busln'es^ of a town, hence the conclusion that Tola is doing more business this; y>ar than ever before is drawn. f TO EXHIBIT SCHME DREW BAD SEATS KANSANS UNLUCKY IN LOTTERY FOB PLACES IN HOUSE. THE FIRST BILL INTRODUCED CABTER, OF ABDMORE, WANTS APPROPRIATION FOR RnLDING. Congressman Scott Got Seat Just Opposite Mr. Payne, Republican Floor Leader. TO HAVE ONE WEEK Christmei Vacation Decided by Board Laat Night. The lo'.a city schools will have one a^ the Christmas vacation this g ar'counting Christmas day. Sdkool II be dismissed on Friday. Decern r 20th" and will open again on Mon kay December 30th. By this agreement ib^re will be no extra days to make up .at the end of the school year jtc make : he school term exactly nine imbnthE. CHICAGO GLEE CLUB COXINa Aaotker «( Free EntertalBHenta to Be| Given at M :^ E. Cknrek. On Saturday !n the First Methodist: church will occur tbe next number In the free entertainment course. It is to be the Chicago Glee club which is: aaM to be one of the finest entertain-| |m«nd that is on tb< road. Ttaey In trodnt^ two addlUoi kal features, oncj' lis the Tromhon^ Qui rtet and the otb-; er la the' Indiana Hoi ler Impersonator Tl &K witli tte \alne ing of the qn^P' tet :^r<inMae to lie ai eroning long tc be remembend. Bring s atlver flffier^ fnsrapdj raBcmber th«t,tbere Is JBC >;«b»rse'«t tbe door; \_. V Salrxman M'onld Sell Yotlng Xaeklie llerr-rislted Vow ^ij Comnib- aionmi A reproacntative oi the Columbia Voting machine compjt^r:of Indianapolis will have a votiug;ronrhlne on exhibition in the court bouie tonight or In the morning I for tlj,e Inspection of the county cnmtnissioncrs with a view of selling the machine.- The representative appeared b«!tore the commissioners this morning' in behalf of his firm and explained Ibe merits of his machine. ' ; He described It as weighing about 600 pounds, stading .'i feet 6 Inches high and 6 feet long, ft Is made of steel. The machine, while not entirely new in this stale. Is not generally used in the west ks .It has been b comparatively short time since it was perfected and placed lOn the market. According to tbe representative, the machine is an intevesting piece of mechanism. On the faoe of the machine appear the names of the candidates In their party oxder. The voter otes for his candidates-by turning a key placed under thje name of each candidates. When he? has voted a full ticket he turns a lever at the side of the machine and his ballot is registered. The ballots are counted as they are voted. ; The firm claims ax the chief merit of the machine, that it cannot cast an Illegal ballot. The lever'wlll not cast any ballot in which a mistake occurs In making it up. For Iirstance if thr voter votes for two men for the same office the machine is constructed that the lever will ^ot cast the ballot. Another merit claimed by tbe representative is ttat within twenty minutes after the voting closes, the count is completed' for the whole county. It is also <;]aimed that it will save sixty per ceijt of. the present cost of carrying on an election. It is further claimed that the voter of average intelligence can vote in six seconds. The company offers to' give a bond that the machine i^ as good as represented, and also j^irrees.- to send experts here to codauct the first election, showing hov the' machine is handled. . The representative also told the commissioners th&,t the pischlne will not permit fraud Un that it has two different sets of keys eitlier of which will not open ittwlthoitt the other. The keys are sui^xtsed \f> be carried by two judges irepresepting dlffefi ont parties. Botfe jiidges have to be present before th^ machine can be un locked. Srdgwlck county and ^Wichita city both have the vo^ng machine and the representativa says It ha« given satisfaction. The coat of ; the voting machine is )700,;and can be secured on Installments.. The public Is invited to inspect khe maebine. Washington, Dec, 3.—Nearly all of the Kansas and Oklahoma pepresenta lives had poor luck in the lottery for scats in the house yesterday. Reiire- sentative Scott of Kansas fared better than any of bis colleagues. His name was called early in the drawing and he selected a good seat across the aisle from tbe republican floor leader. Mr. Payne. Representative Recder drew a fairly good seat, but turned it over to Representative Mann of Illinois. He then took a seat on the democratic side, remarking that any kind of seat suited him. "just so it was in congress." The other Kansas members were not called nntil all of tbe good seats had been taken. Murdock and Campbell had to content themselves with places In the back row. Of the Oklahomans Representative Davenport got the beat seat. He selected one near John Sharp Williams. Fulton and Ferris were called late and McGuire had to take a seat in the back row on the republican aide. Carter got a good seat. The Missourians fared better. All of them drew good positions except Chami* Clark. He traded with a new members and got his old seat. Ellis of Kansas City has a back seat The Missouri and Kansas members contributed liberally to the supply of pensioii bills. The most imirartant of these measures were introduced by Mr. Ellis and Mr. Shacklcford. Thv give tbfr Missouri state militiamen who served In the civil war a |)en- sloiiable status similar to that of soldiers wbo enlisted In tbe Union army. R «|ireBentative Shaekleford Introduced a bill appropriating $60,000 for a federal building In Boonville. Representative Carter of Ardmore was the first member of the new slate delegation to introduce n^^bill. It provides for an appropriation of 1100.000 for a federal building In Ardmore. He also introduced a bill appropriating a similar amount for a building In McAlester. Bills providing federal buildings in Shawnee. Chickasha and Lawton were introduced by Hepresen tative Ferris. Representative Murdock introduced a hill providing for an approprlatoln of 1100.000 for .•• public building In W'ellin.cton. Kas Representative Anthony will introduce a bill giving a pensionable status to those members of the Kansas militia who took part in the battle of Westport and resisted Price's raid. Reiiresenlativc Hackney Introduced 'a bill aijproprlatlng $100,000 to finish tbe federal building in .Toplin.. An- pther bill by Mr. Hackney was to increase widovB* pensions from $S to $12 a month. Topcka, Deo. 8.—The executive com mittec of the Kanaas Day Club met here today and selected the following Biieakers for the annual iMuquet Janu> ary 23. Kansaa Day. Kx<3ovemor Prantx of Oklahoma, F. S. Jackson, attorney general. E. H. Nichols, president SUte Agricultural college. Arthur Cranston Parsons. J. N. Tinchor, Medicine Lodge. W. B.' Ham. Stockton.. Steve Brandon. Douglass President's annual address. "Kansas Day." Russell Butler. Baldwin. At each banquet there must be one speaker from outside the state and one who is a native of Kansas. Governor Frantz is a nttive Kansan. Tbe h.mcuct will be in tlio rotitnda of the sfiite house this year. \a all railway pdsses will be cut off next year. It IF not probable so gi-.->at a crowd' of Reoublicacs who vsnt to get close the bl:r niini will nttenJ the banquet as formerly. WHO STARTED ANDERSON BOOM. Commissioner Didn't Know He Waa a Candidate for Treasurer. Commissioner"T. J.'Andcrson says he is looking for the man who started the boom for him for county treasurer to succeed Mr. Sickly. The story of his being a candidate was sprung on Mr. Anderson yesterday while he was meeting with the commissioners and he declared that it wns the flrit time he bad heard of it Ho also ex- r.ressed a desire to get his hands on the man wh» started the story. Mr. Anderson did not say. however, that he was not a candidate. D-Zerta Foodt Are Onaranteed. When you want something for a ouick dessert whether Sit' is Quick Pudding. Jelly I^ssert. Ij:e Cream or Pie. Insist on getting frmn your grocer the products .^of I D-Zejrta Food Co. Rochester. N. y'i which- guarantees every package ta be pnre and wtade- home. Dent Ua^ to dldionest deal- era bat Inaiat niiDn getting what yon aak for. "CUB P|B" wad other D-Zer^ ta. ProdneU ar^ iwld ozblnainilr on tbetr mtcltg. ,11^ iOK «|railK« ^ EXPLAINS PROBLEM .imMissador Aoki WHI Go to Japan to Tell Emperor A boat Imnilgra- lion Affairs. Washington. Dec. 3.—Ambassador Aoki has been summoned to Japan by his government to explain personally and in detail the precise situation In this country in regard to the Japanese immigration problem. Tbe ambassador will probably proceed for Tokio in a fortnight. There Is no indication t^at he is not to return to WashinQo a. . ^^^^ HE VISITED ROYALTY SecreUry Taft and P»Hy Paying Calls In St. Petersbnrg Today. St. Petersburg. Dec. 3.—Secretary Taft and his party arrived today from Moscow. They were met by a deputation of representatives, the minster of war. the military governor and other officers of St. Petersburg. Soon af ter the arlval Mr. Taft started on a round of official calls, visiting the foreign ministers, tbe minister of war and several grand dukes Including Nicholas Nlcholaievlch. BOARD ALLOWED SALARIES. Board of EducatiotT Alao l^ild Bills Laat NinhL The board of education allowed aal arles at their meeting last evening to the extent of $3,790.17. TWa Is •bo amount of teachers' and Janltor'a sa'aries. In addition to that the board altoW' ed hills to the extent of $1829.90. $1089 of this amount was an estimate on the Bassett school building whldi is under conatraetlon at the present time. THS31B were not mongh of the nunoben of the Profeoalanal. Mrafa dab ont laat avoalos to tranaaet boU- •eaa. Thim vfll be • apwial nwetins aUled In ^e MT IMnre fo^ the pn^^ THE fffcATHER. Forecast for Kaoaaa: Fair tonight and Wednesday; slightly colder tonight THE KANSAS DAY SPEAKERS. Qovemor Franiz of Oklahoma to bo the Viaitor in Topoka Jan. 2%, English Champion an Eaay Victim for Tenrnty Buma. London. Dec. 3.—Tc^bmy Bums, of America, knocked ont "Gunner M;oir" of England, In the tenth round before the National Sporting club he$'e tonight Englishmen never had great hopes of tho ability of their repreoen- tative to regain.their lost honors In tho boxing arena, and in a aomewhat exciting contest the American chamt pton had a comparatively easy task In disposing of Blblr's pretentions and securing for himself the title of heavy weight champion of the world. After the fifth round Bum's victory was certain and in the tenth when the "Gunner" failed to rise to the call of time, and was literary cut to pieces. Bums left thcxrlng with scarcely a mark. Moir owed his right to participate In cbamplomship matches more to influence than to merit, and bis defeat therefore, was not a matter of general surprise. Bums proved himself superior in every detail. He displayed greater science and infinitely better generalship and his blows were delivered with much more power than those of the Englishman. It was an easy victory for the American, which, from tbe very outset, appeared almost a fore^ne conclusion. The contest aroused a greater amount of excitement and enthusiasm than any decided at the National Sporting club since Slavln's defeat at the hands of Peter .Tackson. Rums entered the ring the favorite at odds of 7 to 4. which wou'd have been still longer but for the fact that the two titled backers of Moir covered the Bum."! monay for a large amount, on the chance of a big winning in addition to the stake mon- In the ring Bums"s crouching attitude npixmred to place him at a still greater disadvantaze in height with Moir, who assumed a fairly erect position with bis arms extended widely somewhat like a wrestler, and showing no guard. WORKING IN LEAVENWORTH. Detective Barrett Trying to Discover Facta in Dopot Case. It is said that Detectlva Barrett who assisted In working up evidence against Ijootleggers hero some time ago has been detailed on an important case at Leavenworth. Tho case Is ono in whfcb a crippled telegraph operator h.ts been receiving theatenlng lettcni demanding that he place cer- tp.In papers on a certaliv window sill at a certain time or take tho consequences. The matter was turoe<l over to Detective Barrett of the Kirk De lectlve Agency of Kansas City. He has a clue and ho|ies to run down tho guilty party In a few daj-s. HAVE WORK ROOM. Board of Charities Decided to Establish Place to Repair Clothing for Poor. At the mc^eting of the expCutivc board of charities which wJi^^pld in the Y. M. C. A. parlors yesterday afternoon it was decided definitely to nstall a wor^ room where clothes that have been donated can be repaired. A committae of which Mrs. Taylor is chairman was appointed to select a suitable room. L. J. T.iylor was made vicepresl (lent of the committee at the meeting lest evening and Mrs. IT. H. Jones secretary. The reports of the vartous committees show that much good work is being done. A representative of one of the Sunday schools in the city asked the committee what the Sunday schools could do to make the poor people happy at Christmas tinie. It was decided to take this matter up at the next meeting as all of the Sunday schools will make a similar propibsi- tion in the near future. Definite action will he taken then. The next meeting will be held at I o'clock next Monday afternoon In the Y. TA. C. A. parlors. TRESPASSED ON FARM. E. B. Brown Arrested an<( Fined for Hunting Without Permsision. E. B. Brown was arrested yester day on complaint of Peter Johnson, a farmer living west of the river o:i the charge of trespassing. Brown is said to have been hunting on Mr. Johnson's farm without permission. He did not know that Mr. Johnson objected to hunting on ^is farm. . He was arraigned in Justice Potter's court today where he was fined $5 and costs, all cf which amounted to $11.25. BANES EVIDENCE ALL IN. Arguments in Divorce Case Will t>e Heard in a Few Days. The Nellie Banes divorce case came to a close last night in district court «o far as the evidence is concerned. The arguments by the attorneys will not occur for several days. The main point in the case now seems to be the disposition of the chl'd. Mr. Banes wants some of his relatives to take the child while Mrs. 'Banes thlnka she is the fit person to care for it Yesterday afternoon representatives of the press were placed on the stand to testify with reference to Mr. Banea having visited the newspaper offlcea and called their attention to the arrest of Mrs. Banes on a charge of Immoral conduct as a' news item. The purpose of this evldenbe was to show that Mr. Banes was malicious In hli efforts to keep his wife from aecnring a divorce. FOR BALE OB TRADE—For lols or Oaa City property, pool hall and .three .howling allojra ooBpIote. Ad- MOIR WAS ANOTHER LEMON. IPBESI. BOOSETELT DISCUSSES MANY POPULAB QUESTIONS. DONT WANT TAlilFF REVISION EFFOBT TO UPBOOT PROTECTIVE SYSTEM WOULD CAUSE DISASTER. Antl-Tmst Law Should —Message Mentions License. OSEDA NECK YOKE Mrs. Holeomb In Dirorre Action Makes an Adnibslon. She hit him with a neck yoke, pounded him over tho head with a club, struck him with her htihd. threw tho dlAhos at him missing bis head but smaahing two window panes, and chased him Into the barn. These are among the admissions ntade by Mrs. Mary Holeomb while t'esiifying this morning in district court In a divorce suit which she in- siltuled against her husband, llcju'y V. Holpomb. These actions oi ^kr part arc. however, offset by nuiOTrous acts which she nllgees her husbiind rommlttcd npon her. The couple live cast of Humboldt The action for divorce was brought some time ago, Mrs. Holeomb also asking for a restraining order to prevent her husband from disposing of their property while the case was pending. They have been living in the same house but their relations have not been the most cordial. Mr. Holeomb Is a man 56 years of age while Mrs. Holeomb is but thirty. They have two children. SENDS GREETINGS Message From OkiahonaV Legislature Read in Honse by Speaker Cannon Today.. Washin.gton, Dec. 3.—In the honse this morning Speaker Cannon read the following telegram from the Oklahoma legislature to the house: 'Oklahgnia's first state legislature just org^Ued. inspired by the fond reality of local self government, sends greetings to tbe sixtieth congress of the greatest nation on earth and conveys to her sister states a message of progress and prosperity and loyal devotion to the union and tbe common good." Speaker Cannon himself read the me:5.^ge In an impressive manner. As he concluded the house broke Into applause. ^ LODCK AMENDED BY-LAWS. K. of P. Will Aaalst In Caring for Sick Mofflbers. At a meeting of the Knisfats of Pythias last night the local order amended their by-laws by adding a sick benefit clause. In the future this order will give a sick benefit of $3 per week besides nurse hire and all the necessities for the sick room. It also was decided at the meeting last evening to do some lodge missionary work here. John F. Goehom, P. C. Coffelt and Chris Ritter were ap pointed on a committee to supervise this work. December haa been aet aside by the grand lodge officers to do missionary work over the state. A. R. Sleeper waa made exchequer at the meeting last evening to fill the vacancy made by the resignation of William C. Hankins. who left this morning for Sontbsra Texas. PLAY FOOTBALL FRIDAY. LaHarpo High School Boya Will Play lola Team. A football game, haa been arranged oetween the LaHarpe high adxMl team and a team selected fran the town boys here to be played at tbe KIcetile park next PMday afternoon. The L*Harpe high school team has played a Runher of saaBea thia taU and are aaw soodeoaditkm. Th^ game pnodM* IP SENDS ANNUAL MESSAGE TO CONGRESS Be Amended BaQroad Washington. Dec. 3.—Soon after convening today tbe president's message was read In both bouses of congress. It was listened to intensely and many parts of it applauded. The president In bis message to congress says: No nation has greater resources than ours, and I think it can be trathfully said that the citizens of no nation possess greater energy and indnstrial ability. In no nation are tbe fundamental business conditlona sounder than In ours at this very moment, and it Is fool^b when such Is the case for people to board money instead of keeping it in sound banks, for It is such boarding that is the Immediate occasion of money stringency. Moreover, as a rale, the business of our people Is conducted with honesty and probity, and this applies alike to farms and factories, to railroads and banks, to all our legitimate commercial entetpriaea. In any large body of men, however, there are ccrta 'n to be .«omc wbo are dishonest, and If the conditions are- such that thefl<> men prosper or,commit their mlsdeedfc with ' Impunity their example n a very evil thing for tbe community. Where these men* are business men of grea^ sagacity and of temperamoit both nnscnpuloua and. redt!es8, SQ-I where the conditlona are such that they act without aiipervlstnn or control and at first without eETcctlve check from public opinion, they del ado many innocent people bito making investments or embarking In kinds of business that are really nnsonnd.' When tho misdeeds of these sncoessfuliy dishonest men are discovered, suffcrbig comes not only upon them, but upon the innocent whom they have misled. It is a painful awakening, whenever It occurs, and naturally when It docs occur those who sulTer are apt to forget that the longer It was deferred the more painful it wonld be. In the effort to punish the guilty it is both wise and proper to endeavor so for as possible to minimize the distress of those who have been misled by tbe;gnllty. Yet it is not possible to refrain because of such distress from striving to pat an end to the misdeeds that are tbe nlti- mate causes of the sulTertng and. a& a means to this end, where possible to punish those responsible for them. There may be honest diiferences of opinion as to many governmental policies, but surely there can be no such differences as to the need of unflinching perseverance In ther war against successful dishonesty. Interstat* Commsrca. No small part of tbe tronble that we have comes from carrying to an extreme the national virtue of self reliance, of Independence In loitiatlvc and action. It is wise to conserve this Virtue and to provide for Its fullest exercise ;eompatible with seeing that liberty does not become a liberty to wrong others. Unfortunately this Is the kind of liberty that the bick of ail effective regulation Inevitably breeds. Tbe founders of tbe constitution provided that tbe national government should have complete and sole control of interstate commerce^ There was then practically no interstate business save such as was conducted by water, and this the national government at once proceeded to regulate in thoroughgoing and effective fashion. Conditions have now so wholly changed that the Interstate commerce by water la Insignificant compared with tbe amount that goes by land, and almost all big btuhiess coooeraa are now engaged In Interstate commerce. As a result It can be but partially and Unperfectly controlled or regolated by the action of any one of the several states, such action Inevitably tending to be either too drastic, or else too lax and In cither case Ineffective for purpoaea of Justice. Only tbe national government can In thoroughgoing faahkm exercise the needed contrcd. ThIa doea not mean That there shonld be any extension of federal authority, for socfa authwity abready exlata under tbe conatltntlcn In ampleat and moat far reaching form, but it doea mean that ttete ahmdd be^ an extenaloa. of jfedeial aetttlty. IMn la not adTocattaf ceatrilhiBilan Tth^ merely looking facta lia. the faise and reallxing that centraUzatloB tn hariaean haa already come and cannot be avoided or nadone and that the pohUc at larga can only proliKt Itaeit-ttam certain evil effecta of tbia boaiaeoa cen- ttjaUatkn by provldtaig better nietbada fbr tbe ezeiciae ot control ttaroogb tte a^tfaortty '^iMdy 'ceatnlbmd la tbe toeenawst fcgr tbe coMttte- ner»:a«i (,fi»vW ^-batt la tlon which this aatloa haa e]ee ^~QI porane and baa ateadlly parroed do* tag the last sU years, as sbowf badii[: In ttie leglslatloo- oC tbe coBgre^s tm& the admbilatnitlon of tbe lair h7 tbm' department ot jntlce. NatiOMi Lioenee Per Railr Tbe most vital need Is ta with the raOroada.;! Aa to tben^ \ Judgpient. there ahboU now be a national Incorporation act or licensing railway compoales to In tnteratata commerce npon . conditions. The law aboold ^. fratioed aa to give to the Inteiatat* commerce commlasloa power to pass upon the fntnre Issne of aecnrittaib while ample meana aboold be provided to ^nabie the ctnunlaaioB wheBerer ta Its-judgment It la neceaaary to maka a bhyaical valuatkm of any mUroad. As. T stated In my message to the caogNsa a year ago, rail«nda shonld he fivea power to ent« Into agreements aab- bert to- these agreements being made pitbllc In minute detail and to tbe coe- aent of ithe Interstate commerce cooi- telsalon being flrat obtained. Untn r national government aaanmes prop; [ control of Intetatate commerce la i' the exerdse of the anthoclty It already i poaaeaaea It will be Impoeslble eltbet J to give to o^ to get from the raflraadl , full justice' The railroads and all O(1H er great coq>oratlons will do well to recognize that this control must OOBM. Tbe only qnestlon is aa to what for- eramental body can moat wisely exercise it Tbe courts wQI determine the limits within which the federal antbor^ ity can exercise It, and there wQI atlll remain ample work within each atate for the railway commission of fliat state, and the national Interstate commerce commission will work In bar* mpny with the aeveral state conunlS' Blons, each within Its own province^ to achieve the desired end. Th« Antitrust Law. ' Moreover, In my Judgment tbet* should be additional leglslatJon 'hxAhic to tbe proper control of the great tmsl- .hess concerns engaged In Interstat^; bushiees, thia control to be .ezereised for their own benefit and proopeittjr', :ho.-Iesa than fnrth'e protectloa of to- Yestors and of the general public. A* I have repeatedly said in mesaaiM to ' rongresa and elaewhere. experience baa definitely shown not merely the nnwli« iaom,.but the futility, of endeavorlnf to - put a stop to all busineas ramhlsatlona. Modem Indnatrtal conditkuis are saeb that comblnstlon Is not only necesMiTi but Inevitable. It Is so In the world oC buslnesa Just aa It hi so la the weiiA' of labor, and It la aa idle to dealre to pot an all corporatloaa, to ^1 Vig combinations of capital, aa to desire to; put an end to eomblnsttons of labor. Corporation and labor lulen alike have come to stay. Each If properly maar aged is a source of good and not evlL '^Whenever in either there la evil ft should be promptly held to account; but it should receive hearty encouraca- mentso long as It la properly managed. It Is jtrofoundly Immoral to pot or keep on tbe statute booka a law aool- nally In tbe Interest of public mniUty ithat really puts a premhim npoa pnb*. .lie immorality by nhdei ^aklng to forbid honest men from doing what mast :be ddne under modem business coadt, tions: so' that the law Itsdf provldM' that Its own lnfraetfa >n must, he iba condltton precedent npon business sw- ce^.> To^alm at the accompUabinaat. of too mnch nsoally meana fbm accoasn : ipIislRnent of too UtUe and often tbe d»^. Ing ctf positive damage. Net Repeal, but AmendmenL The antltrnst law should not be la*. pealed, but; It should be made heVK; more efficient and more In hanaoair. with actual I conditions. It aboold b«^ so aiiiended aa to forUd only tbe Uad. :;of combination which does hsm to ttd genefal public, such amendmieat to be accompanied by or to be an InddeateC a grant of aopervteory. power to " government over these big eo engaged in Interstate boalneas. sbouild be accompanied by provMoo toe 9ie compniaory pnbUcatlon of ae^ ; coui;is and tho subjection of tmhks papers to the Inapectlcm of tbe _ Kemment officials. A beginning;baa al* ' ready, been made for such snpervlsta by dte eetabllahment of the bonaa «C ; cori:^rations. ' The antitrust law aboold not iHohlHi combinations that do no Injnstlea to the puUlc, BtlU leaa thooe the e: ;.bf irhlch la. on the whole oC ' to the pnblle. But even If tbto faatail of tbe law were aboUahed tbeia itaaMI i iemain as an eqtially otOeettoaable fta* : turo the dUDcnlty and dday now ~ :dent' to Ita enforcement Tbe meat moat now anbmlt to 'repeated' delay before obtalataiir a dec^^on of the coortS npoa :instltntcd. aad evea a favoeabto ;cree may mean an empty vfetaqr;^, iUoeeover. to attempt;to eoattql .^aia*^ icorporatlons by lawaolta awaiaa to ^|ia ^v'# poa^ upon both the departneat' vit^ -:jnstIoe aad the codrts ati taaposar' ^ ;binden. It la not feaaible to cany more than a limited aomber at suits. 8nch a law to bs really ]tlve must of^ iqr'San ^y. J means :Sb<^ he :deQt to the ^Im ^roper :in^= oatll ;th^

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